European fisheries in figures

The tables below show basic statistical data in several areas relating to the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP), namely: the fishing fleets of the Member States in 2014 (Table I), the situation of employment in the fisheries, aquaculture and fish processing sectors in 2011 (Table II), the supply balance of fisheries and aquaculture products in 2012 (Table III), the consumption of fisheries and aquaculture products in 2012 (Table IV), and the resource allocations of the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund from 2014 to 2020 (Table V).

Table I: The fishing fleets of the EU Member States (EU-28) in 2014

  Number of vessels Gross tonnage Engine power Non-trawlers Trawlers
MS No. % GT % kW % No. % No. %
BE 82 0.1 14 985 0.9 46 975 0.7 2 2 80 98
BG 2 053 2.3 6 657 0.4 57 958 0.9 1 939 94 114 6
DK 2 682 3.1 66 680 3.9 227 840 3.4 2 004 75 678 25
DE 1 538 1.8 61 794 3.6 144 247 2.2 1 180 77 358 23
EE 1 443 1.7 13 513 0.8 44 349 0.7 1 339 93 104 7
IE 2 202 2.5 64 251 3.7 194 768 2.9 1 291 59 911 41
EL 15 860 18.1 78 103 4.5 457 105 6.8 15 189 96 671 4
ES 9 895 11.3 379 209 22.0 858 067 12.8 8 811 89 1 084 11
FR 7 143 8.2 177 860 10.3 1 022 030 15.3 5 581 78 1 562 22
HR 7 621 8.7 51 710 3.0 414 474 6.2 6 597 87 1 024 13
IT 12 698 14.5 163 905 9.5 1 017 737 15.2 8 899 70 3 799 30
CY 894 1.0 3 478 0.2 39 037 0.6 888 99 6 1
LV 703 0.8 29 945 1.7 49 800 0.7 635 90 68 10
LT 293 0.3 76 108 4.4 89 793 1.3 217 74 76 26
MT 1 037 1.2 7 692 0.4 76 020 1.1 1 014 98 23 2
NL 848 1.0 150 687 8.7 335 370 5.0 265 31 583 69
PL 832 1.0 33 729 2.0 81 361 1.2 669 80 163 20
PT 8 236 9.4 99 953 5.8 366 359 5.5 7 629 93 607 7
RO 200 0.2 618 0.0 6 259 0.1 190 95 10 5
SI 170 0.2 598 0.0 8 425 0.1 154 91 16 9
FI 3 210 3.7 16 467 1.0 172 542 2.6 3 118 97 92 3
SE 1 390 1.6 29 399 1.7 169 177 2.5 1 128 81 262 19
UK 6 415 7.3 198 598 11.5 802 882 12.0 4 385 68 2 030 32
EU-28 87 445 100 1 725 938 100 6 682 574 100 73 124 84 14 321 16

Source: EU Fishing fleet register; Facts and figures on the Common Fisheries Policy — Basic statistical data. Commission DG Maritime Affairs and Fisheries. 2014 edition.

NB: MS = Member State, BE = Belgium, BG = Bulgaria, CZ = Czech Republic, DK = Denmark, DE = Germany, EE = Estonia, IE = Ireland, EL = Greece, ES = Spain, FR = France, HR = Croatia, IT = Italy, CY = Cyprus, LV = Latvia, LT = Lithuania, LU = Luxembourg, HU = Hungary, MT = Malta, NL = Netherlands, AT = Austria, PL = Poland, PT = Portugal, RO = Romania, SI = Slovenia, SK = Slovakia, FI = Finland, SE = Sweden, UK = United Kingdom.

Table II: Situation of employment in the fisheries, aquaculture and fish processing sectors (2011); in full-time equivalents (FTE)

MS Fisheries Aquaculture Processing
  FTE % FTE % FTE %
BE 341 0.29 842 0.73
BG 1 668 1.44 270 0.82 325 0.28
CZ 836 0.72
DK 1 661 1.43 299 0.90 3 043 2.63
DE 1 258 1.08 18 0.05 6 509 5.63
EE 521 0.45 1 810 1.57
IE 3 428 2.95 958 2.89 2 829 2.45
EL 12 169 10.48 5 559 16.79 2 265 1.96
ES 32 194 27.73 6 639 20.05 17 702 15.31
FR 7 447 6.41 10 658 32.18 15 662 13.54
HR 1 442 1.25
IT 20 599 17.74 2 116 6.39 5 517 4.77
CY 911 0.78 276 0.83 75 0.06
LV 378 0.33 4 998 4.32
LT 575 0.50 3 699 3.20
HU 61 0.05
MT 155 0.13 165 0.50 28 0.02
NL 1 768 1.52 2 537 2.19
AT 137 0.12
PL 1 576 1.36 49 0.15 15 051 13.01
PT 16 773 14.45 1 749 5.28 6 913 5.98
RO 28 0.02 1 047 3.16 1 178 1.02
SI 77 0.07 32 0.10 351 0.30
SK 655 0.57
FI 316 0.27 349 1.05 777 0.67
SE 974 0.84 263 0.79 1 837 1.59
UK 11 277 9.71 2 671 8.07 18 572 16.06
EU-28 116 094 100 33 118 100 115 651 100

Sources: Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF): 2013 Annual Economic Report; Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF); Economic Performance Report on the EU Fish Processing Sector (STECF-13-31); Facts and figures on the Common Fisheries Policy — Basic statistical data. Commission DG Maritime Affairs and Fisheries. 2014 edition.

NB: MS = Member State, BE = Belgium, BG = Bulgaria, CZ = Czech Republic, DK = Denmark, DE = Germany, EE = Estonia, IE = Ireland, EL = Greece, ES = Spain, FR = France, HR = Croatia, IT = Italy, CY = Cyprus, LV = Latvia, LT = Lithuania, LU = Luxembourg, HU = Hungary, MT = Malta, NL = Netherlands, AT = Austria, PL = Poland, PT = Portugal, RO = Romania, SI = Slovenia, SK = Slovakia, FI = Finland, SE = Sweden, UK = United Kingdom; Data for ‘fisheries’ not available for AT, CZ, HR, HU, LU and SK; data for ‘aquaculture’ not available for AT, BE, CZ, EE, HR, HU, LT, LU, LV, NL and SK; for the following Member States aquaculture data only cover marine aquaculture: DE, PL and SI.

Table III: Supply balance by commodity group at EU level in 2012 (live weight equivalent — food use only)

Commodity group Production (tonnes) Imports (tonnes) Exports (tonnes)
  Fishery Aqua-culture Fishery Aqua-culture Fishery Aqua-culture
Bivalves, other molluscs and aquatic invertebrates 239 561 599 881 279 703 213 974 18 018 12 095
Cephalopods 126 570 5 523 442 0 37 238 0
Crustaceans 194 463 289 484 000 365 938 103 241 2 423
Flatfish 200 144 12 974 122 289 1 039 60 565 3
Freshwater fish 14 354 96 665 321 449 225 689 13 564 4 910
Groundfish 584 720 0 2 472 866 21 210 265 784 101
Miscellaneous aquaculture products 41 755 95 298 648 0 17 316 0
Other marine fish 482 914 150 517 403 892 28 659 149 592 10 922
Salmonids 4 060 368 136 66 601 889 823 43 405 81 237
Small pelagics 1 898 484 0 578 236 0 731 174 0
Tuna and tuna-like species 314 599 6 977 1 242 882 6 324 950 304
Total 4 101 624 1 235 537 6 794 009 1 746 337 1 764 846 111 995

Source: European Commission: The EU Fish Market — 2015 edition. European Market Observatory for Fisheries and Aquaculture Products (EUMOFA).

Table IV: Apparent consumption by commodity group at EU level in 2012 (live weight equivalent — food use only)

Commodity group Apparent consumption (tonnes) Per capita (kg)
  Fishery Aqua-culture Total Fishery Aqua-culture Total
Bivalves. other molluscs and aquatic invertebrates 501 246 801 759 1 303 005 1.00 1.60 2.60
Cephalopods 612 774 5 612 779 1.22 0.00 1.22
Crustaceans 575 222 363 803 939 026 1.15 0.72 1.87
Flatfish 261 868 14 009 275 877 0.52 0.03 0.55
Freshwater fish 322 239 317 445 639 684 0.64 0.63 1.27
Groundfish 2 791 802 21 109 2 812 912 5.56 0.04 5.61
Miscellaneous aquatic products 323 087 95 323 182 0.64 0.00 0.64
Other marine fish 737 215 168 253 905 468 1.47 0.34 1.80
Salmonids 27 257 1 176 721 1 203 978 0.05 2.34 2.40
Small pelagics 1 745 546 0 1 745 546 3.48 0.00 3.48
Tuna and tuna-like species 1 232 531 6 678 1 239 210 2.46 0.01 2.47
Total 9 130 787 2 869 879 12 000 665 18.20 5.72 23.91

Source: European Commission: The EU Fish Market — 2015 edition. European Market Observatory for Fisheries and Aquaculture Products (EUMOFA).

Table V: Allocations of European Maritime and Fisheries Fund Resources by Member State from 2014 to 2020 (EUR 1 000, current prices)

MS 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Total
BE 5 722 5 795 5 848 5 943 6 081 6 123 6 233 41 746
BG 12 071 12 225 12 337 12 537 12 829 12 917 13 150 88 067
CZ 4 264 4 318 4 358 4 429 4 532 4 563 4 645 31 108
DK 28 559 28 924 29 189 29 662 30 352 30 559 31 111 208 355
DE 30 100 30 485 30 763 31 262 31 989 32 208 32 789 219 596
EE 13 840 14 017 14 145 14 374 14 709 14 809 15 077 100 970
IE 20 232 20 490 20 678 21 013 21 502 21 649 22 039 147 602
EL 53 290 53 971 54 464 55 347 56 635 57 022 58 051 388 778
ES 159 223 161 257 162 731 165 369 169 217 170 374 173 449 1 161 621
FR 80 594 81 624 82 370 83 705 85 653 86 239 87 795 587 980
HR 34 630 35 072 35 393 35 966 36 803 37 055 37 724 252 643
IT 73 643 74 583 75 265 76 485 78 265 78 800 80 222 537 263
CY 5 444 5 513 5 564 5 654 5 785 5 825 5 930 39 715
LV 19 167 19 412 19 589 19 907 20 370 20 509 20 879 139 834
LT 8 695 8 806 8 886 9 030 9 240 9 304 9 471 63 432
HU 5 359 5 427 5 477 5 566 5 695 5 734 5 838 39 096
MT 3 102 3 141 3 170 3 221 3 296 3 319 3 379 22 627
NL 13 916 14 094 14 222 14 453 14 789 14 890 15 159 101 523
AT 955 967 976 992 1 015 1 022 1 040 6 965
PL 72 814 73 744 74 419 75 625 77 384 77 914 79 320 531 219
PT 53 798 54 485 54 983 55 874 57 175 57 566 58 604 392 485
RO 23 086 23 380 23 594 23 977 24 534 24 702 25 148 168 421
SI 3 401 3 444 3 476 3 532 3 614 3 639 3 704 24 809
SK 2 164 2 191 2 211 2 247 2 299 2 315 2 357 15 785
FI 10 197 10 327 10 422 10 591 10 837 10 911 11 108 74 393
SE 16 470 16 680 16 833 17 105 17 504 17 623 17 941 120 156
UK 33 327 33 753 34 061 34 613 35 419 35 661 36 305 243 139
EU-28 788 061 798 128 805 424 818 478 837 523 843 250 858 468 5 749 332

Source: Commission Implementing Decision No 2014/372/EU of 11 June 2014 setting out the annual breakdown by Member State of the global resources of the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund available in the framework of shared management for the period 2014-2020 (OJ L 180, 20.6.2014. p. 18).

NB: MS = Member State, BE = Belgium, BG = Bulgaria, CZ = Czech Republic, DK = Denmark, DE = Germany, EE = Estonia, IE = Ireland, EL = Greece, ES = Spain, FR = France, HR = Croatia, IT = Italy, CY = Cyprus, LV = Latvia, LT = Lithuania, LU = Luxembourg, HU = Hungary, MT = Malta, NL = Netherlands, AT = Austria, PL = Poland, PT = Portugal, RO = Romania, SI = Slovenia, SK = Slovakia, FI = Finland, SE = Sweden, UK = United Kingdom.

Marcus Ernst Gerhard Breuer

03/2017