Citizens’ Europe

The concept of Citizens’ Europe incorporates various aspects and has gradually come into being. EU citizenship, which is now enshrined in the Treaties, complements national citizenship but does not replace it. The Charter of Fundamental Rights, which became legally binding with the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, gathers all the rights of individuals together in one single document, grouping them around several major principles: human dignity, fundamental freedoms, equality, solidarity, citizens’ rights and justice. In addition to having the right to move freely within the European Union, all citizens have the right to petition Parliament on any matter in a field for which the Union is competent. Lastly, the European Citizens Initiative enables citizens to invite the Commission, under certain conditions, to present a proposal for a legal act deemed necessary for the purpose of implementing the Treaties.