Sectoral policies

Harmonised action creates a leverage effect that makes it possible to obtain better results. Over the years the European Union has developed a set of policies that complement the single market. These cover many different fields and allow for varying degrees of harmonisation, ranging from genuine common policies to simple cooperation. These policies are the lines of action the EU decides to follow in certain areas in order to achieve the general objectives it has set. These are very often areas that closely affect the lives of the EU’s citizens, and also businesses. Cohesion, agriculture, fisheries, environment, health, consumer rights, transport, tourism, energy, industry, research, jobs, asylum and immigration, as well as taxation, justice, culture, education and sport, are all areas in which the Union has its say.