This Eurobarometer of the European Parliament dedicated to energy follows a previous survey published in January 2011 in view of the European Council of 4 February (EB Standard 74.3). This survey dealt with energy supply, cooperation and solidarity.
Considering the new positions adopted by the European Parliament, this new survey focuses on more specific themes, but also extremely important for the development of an energy policy of the Union: energy savings, energy supply difficulties, integration of networks and the European Community for energy. The fieldwork was conducted by TNS Opinion between 9 February and 6 March 2011, in a context of a hard winter and an increase of all raw materials prices.
it's important to note that both surveys share a common point: the results highlight again how the energy culture and the energy situation of each EU Member States influence the answers of the interviewed citizens.
Two socio-demographic aspects of this current survey have to be kept in mind: on the one hand, apart from a few exceptions, there are few differences between the answers of men and women; on the other hand, the results illustrate a real generational gap which is evident in both behaviour and perception of the energy problems.
On energy savings, European citizens prefer measures without a financial impact.
Respondents give the priority to practical measures to reduce the energy bill.
Europeans want the objective of 20% of energy savings to be made compulsory (80% of "yes").
Europeans support the fighting against the energy precariousness (81% of "yes").
Assets of a European integrated energy network
Respondents show a massive support to the establishment of a European Energy Community (78% "agree").
The European Parliament regularly commissions surveys on public opinion in the Member States.
This is a means of keeping Parliament in touch with people's perceptions and expectations of its work and that of the European Union generally. The surveys are also extremely useful at the preparation, decision-making and evaluation stages of parliamentary business.
Readers will find them a source of information not only about attitudes in the EU to climate change or the current economic situation but also about how people see - and what they expect from - European elections, the European Parliament and European integration in general.