A few months after the 2014 European elections, the time has come to examine in depth the reasons for abstention and participation.
In this light, the DG Communication of the European Parliament has commissioned a desk research to analyse the electoral behaviour of voters and abstainees. This was based on the 2014 post-election survey of 27,331 Europeans over the age of 18 (16 in Austria). The survey by TNS Opinion was carried out a few days after the vote, between 30 May and 27 June 2014.
The aim of this research work is to identify the profiles of abstainees and voters, and to understand the reasons underlying their decision to vote or abstain, and to analyse their attitudes and opinions regarding the EU.
In addition, it includes 2 national factsheets for each Member State, dedicated to voters and abstainees. For Belgium, Luxembourg (compulsory vote for both countries) and Malta (high level of turnout) the factsheet on the abstainees is not available due to the low number of abstainees.
The reader will find below some key findings at the EU level on the moment of the decision to vote or to abstain and about the reasons for voting or for abstention.
A. VOTERS (42.61%)
Moment of the decision to vote:
Reasons for voting:
B. ABSTEINEES (57,39%)
Moment of the decision to abstain:
Reasons for abstention:
The European Parliament regularly commissions surveys on public opinion in the 28 Member States.
These surveys cover a wide range of issues, focusing primarily on the European citizens' knowledge of the European Parliament, their perceptions of the EU and its main challenges, their expectations in view of the European elections, the European Parliament and the European integration in general.
The analysis of the results is meant to ensure the most complete overview of national evolutions, regional specificities, as well as socio-demographic differences and historical trends.