The Copenhagen Climate Conference (7-18 December 2009) is the most important meeting this decade for global climate protection efforts. The European Parliament will be represented there by an official delegation. Over the years Parliament has become a voice of ambition, calling for EU leadership in the fight against climate change.
Parliament already co-legislates with Member State governments on EU environment policy, but the Lisbon Treaty's entry into force, on 1 December 2009, has given it an even more prominent legislative role: its consent is now required for international treaties. A new Copenhagen climate protection agreement might even become the first test case.
The mandate and position of Parliament's delegation are outlined in a resolution on "EU-Strategy for the Copenhagen climate change conference", which was passed with a huge majority on 25 November 2009.
Parliament asks for:
- an ambitious and legally binding international agreement, in line with the latest developments in science and consistent with the 2ºC objective,
- collective reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in the developed countries at the high end of the 25-40 % range for 2020 compared to 1990 levels,
- the recognition of the "common but differentiated responsibility principle" between the industrialized and the developing countries, and
- the effective protection of forests and actions against deforestation.
Parliament also emphasises the responsibility of developed countries to provide sufficient, sustainable and predictable financial and technical support to developing ones (the EU contribution towards developing countries' mitigation efforts and adaptation needs should not be less than €30,000 million/year by 2020).
This resolution will guide Parliament's Copenhagen delegation in its contacts with Parliamentarians, government representatives, NGOs and other players from across the world in the common effort to create a strong global basis for climate protection.
Jo LEINEN - Chairman of the EP Delegation to COP15