Conciliation is the third and final phase of the most important of the legislative procedures of the European Union, the codecision procedure. The conciliation procedure always applies if Council does not approve all the amendments of the European Parliament adopted at its second reading.
The Conciliation Committee is made up of twenty-seven Members of the Council or their representatives and an equal number of representatives from Parliament who make up the EP delegation.
Inside the European Parliament the 27 members of the EP delegation in the conciliation Committee are appointed for each individual conciliation procedure by the political groups. The composition of the delegations reflects the overall political balance of the Parliament.
Three Vice-Presidents (Mr Gianni Pittella, Mrs Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou, Mr Alejo Vidal-Quadras), are appointed as permanent members of the delegation. The chair of the competent committee and the rapporteur are also appointed ex officio.
The Conciliation Committee has to be convened within 6 weeks (which may be extended by two weeks on the initiative of either institution) after the Council's second reading. The Committee has 6 (or 8) weeks to draw up a 'joint text' from the date of its first meeting.
Again within a period of 6 (or 8) weeks, the joint text is submitted by the Presidents of the EP and Council delegations for approval by the Parliament and the Council, without any possibility of amendment.
If, on the other hand, the Conciliation Committee does not reach an agreement or if the 'joint text' is not approved by the Parliament or the Council, the act is deemed not to have been adopted.
The main provisions are to be found in Article 294 of the TFEU (Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union). In addition to the Treaty articles, basic rules for the conciliation procedure can be found in the Joint Declaration of the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission, of June 2007, which lays down practical arrangements for the codecision procedure and in the Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament (Rules 67-68-69).
A more detailed description of the conciliation procedure and in particular of Parliament's internal organisation of these activities may be found in the conciliations and codecision guide.