This database contains the research papers produced by the European Parliament’s various research services, in particular studies, in-depth analyses and briefings produced by policy departments and the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value. These documents aim to support the work of the various parliamentary bodies.
The policy departments are responsible for providing expertise and policy advice to support the activities of various parliamentary bodies, most notably the committees. Based on analyses carried out either in-house or externally, policy departments provide independent, specialised, objective, high-quality and up-to-date information in all areas of Parliament’s activities.
Policy departments deliver policy analysis in a wide variety of formats, most frequently in response to a request from a Parliament committee or delegation. In this database you will find texts ranging from studies and in-depth country- or issue-specific analyses to briefings. This written output serves a variety of purposes by feeding directly into the legislative work of a specific committee or serving as a briefing for delegations of members.
The Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) provides research on various aspects of ex-ante or ex-post evaluation of EU legislation and policies. In this database you will find: detailed appraisals of impact assessments (IAs) produced by the European Commission; complementary or substitute IAs; IAs on parliamentary amendments; ‘European Implementation Appraisals’ on the implementation and effectiveness of EU law and policies in practice; ‘Cost of Non-Europe’ reports in policy areas where greater efficiency or collective benefits could be achieved through common action at European level; and ‘European Added Value Assessments’ setting out the rationale for legislative initiative reports put forward by committees.
The Science and Technology Options Assessment (STOA) Unit analyses emerging policy issues in the fields of science and technology, undertaking a broad range of studies, workshops and other activities.
Summary : As the humanitarian community prepares for the first-ever World Humanitarian Summit to be held in Istanbul, Turkey, in May 2016, the backdrop is far from easy. The scale of natural and man-made disasters is daunting, vulnerability and fragility are increasing, funding shortfalls become constant, operating environments grow increasingly problematic, and the humanitarian system itself remains highly complex despite multiple waves of reform. Although humanitarian action has become more effective over the years, actors must continue to search for ways to better prevent and prepare for disasters, and to respond in a manner that is more flexible and better adapted to new realities and the needs of afflicted populations while alleviating suffering, maintaining dignity and saving lives - the ultimate objective of humanitarian work. The EU has been a key player in international humanitarian policy. It has substantial clout in shaping future humanitarian action on a wide range of issues. These include principled and needs-based action, enhanced disaster preparedness and management, resilience-building, partnerships with non-traditional actors and emerging donors, innovative approaches and greater effectiveness and accountability, for both EU and international efforts. The European Parliament has several options to participate actively in these discussions and play a formative role in shaping humanitarian outcomes.
Authors : Judit BARNA, Manuel MANRIQUE GIL, JAN MICHALKO
Bodies : Development
Summary : Upon request by the Legal Affairs Committee, this handbook describes the national rules on the composition of the governments and parliaments of each of the Member States of the European Union and provides an overview of the national rules on parliamentary immunities. It further lists the national authorities that are competent to request the waiver of MEPs immunity, as identified after consultation with the Member States. This text will be updated regularly, on the basis of information received; please hold as reference the date of edition.
Authors : Rosa RAFFAELLI
Bodies : Legal affairs
Summary : Upon request by the FEMM Committee, the Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs Policy Department will hold a workshop on "A new strategy for gender equality post 2015". The Workshop will provide an analysis and respective recommendations for actions to be taken by the European Commission and other European actors before 2020 in 7 different areas to improve the situation of women and to reach gender equality: Gender Mainstreaming, Gender Budgeting and monitoring; Economic independence and the position of women on the labour market; Maternity leave, paternity leave and parental leave and unpaid care work; Women in political and economic decision-making; Dignity, integrity and violence against women; and Gender aspects of foreign affairs and development cooperation.
Authors : Prof Fiona Beveridge, Dr Firat Cengiz, Dr Eleanor Drywood - University of Liverpool, UK Prof Marcella Corsi, Università “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy Prof Dorota Szelewa, Warsaw University, Poland / ICRA Foundation, Warsaw, Poland Prof Eléonore Lépinard, Université de Lausanne, Switzerland Levent Altan, Milieu, Belgium Dr Petra Debusscher, University of Antwerp, Belgium
Bodies : Gender equality
Summary : The "roaming charge" refers to the cost of using mobile communications (typically with a mobile phone) to make and receive voice calls, send and receive data, or access other services, when travelling outside the geographical area of the user’s home network and using another network in the location they are visiting. (Eurostat) Wholesale prices refer to the amount network operators charge each other for carrying traffic, whereas the caller is charged the retail price.
Authors : Eulalia CLAROS GIMENO
Bodies : MERS
Summary : As the Boko Haram terrorist group wages war on a widening range of targets in Nigeria, the inefficiency of the country’s government has been starkly revealed – along with the urgent need for deep-cutting political and socio-economic reforms to counter a growing sense of insecurity. The north has been particularly hard-hit, with poor governance, omnipresent corruption and worsening social indicators compounding the security problem. Boko Haram, originally a peaceful Islamist movement, has moved progressively towards militant extremism since 2009, regularly attacking Nigerians and foreigners, Christians and Muslims, northerners and even residents of the capital, troops and civilians, in an effort to destabilise the state. For a number of years the group was treated as an internal Nigerian problem. However, Boko Haram’s illicit and armed activities increasingly take place across the country’s borders. When more than 200 girls were kidnapped in the town of Chibok in April 2014, it was clear that neighbouring countries and the international community would need to coordinate their efforts. In addition to launching a direct response to the security threat, the Nigerian government must address a wide range of grievances to eliminate the root causes of the insurgency in the long term. This has proved a daunting task in the past, and the issue is currently politically delicate: the country is readying itself for the 2015 presidential elections, which are expected to be fiercely contested.
Authors : Judit BARNA
Bodies : Foreign affairs
Summary : In response to the financial crisis in the EU, a permanent crisis mechanism – the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) – was adopted by the euro area Member States. A number of cases, lodged with the German Federal Constitutional Court (BVerfG), aimed at blocking Germany's participation. The BVerfG has established four requirements for German participation in rescue packages and fiscal stability mechanisms: observance of the Bundestag's budgetary autonomy, prior consent of the Bundestag to participation in rescue packages, influence of the Bundestag on spending of funds and limited participation in large rescue packages.
Authors : Eva-Maria Alexandrova POPTCHEVA
Bodies : MERS
Summary : This briefing presents an overview of the Stability and Growth Pact.
Authors : Jost ANGERER
Bodies : EGOV, Economic and monetary affairs
Summary : This table provides a regular update on the EU Member States receiving financial assistance in the form of either Balance of Payments Assistance, Economic Adjustment Programme or Assistance to Financial Institutions from EFSM and/or EFSF/ESM.
Authors : Manica HAUPTMAN, Jost ANGERER
Bodies : EGOV, Economic and monetary affairs
Summary : This is a short overview of the key steps of the Asset Quality Review (AQR) by the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) and a Chart on rules governing the recapitalisation of banks.
Authors : Manica HAUPTMAN, Marcel MAGNUS
Bodies : EGOV, Economic and monetary affairs
Summary : The European parliament's Ex-Ante Impact Assessment Unit routinely screens the road-maps accompanying the European Commission's Work Programme, to check which of its legislative proposals will be subject to impact assessment by the Commission. It then undertakes an initial appraisal of these Commission impact assessments when they arrive in the Parliament, to check that certain criteria are met and to identify the basic methodological strengths and weaknesses of the texts. This is a compendium of such initial appraisals prepared by the Ex-Ante Impact Assessment Unit for different parliamentary committees. They analyse whether the principal criteria laid down in the Commission’s Impact Assessment Guidelines, as well as additional factors identified by the Parliament in its Impact Assessment Handbook, appear to be met by the impact assessments accompanying Commission proposals. They do not attempt to deal with the substance of the proposal and are drafted for informational and background purposes to assist the relevant parliamentary committee(s) and Members more widely in their work. The present volume is a compendium of all Initial Appraisals produced by the Ex-Ante Impact Assessment Unit in the period from July 2013 to June 2014.
Bodies : Ex-Ante Impact Assessment