This database contains the research papers produced by the European Parliament’s various research services, in particular studies, in-depth analyses and briefings produced by policy departments, the Economic Governance Support Unit and the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value. These documents aim to support the work of the various parliamentary bodies.
The policy departments are responsible for providing expertise and policy advice to support the activities of various parliamentary bodies, most notably the committees. Based on analyses carried out either in-house or externally, policy departments provide independent, specialised, objective, high-quality and up-to-date information in all areas of Parliament’s activities.
Policy departments deliver policy analysis in a wide variety of formats, most frequently in response to a request from a Parliament committee or delegation. In this database you will find texts ranging from studies and in-depth country- or issue-specific analyses to briefings. This written output serves a variety of purposes by feeding directly into the legislative work of a specific committee or serving as a briefing for delegations of members.
The Economic Governance Support Unit provides briefing papers for Economic Dialogues and Accountability Hearings organised by the competent committee of the Parliament. Moreover, it produces background documents and tables, on a regular basis, in this domain.
The Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) provides research on various aspects of ex-ante or ex-post evaluation of EU legislation and policies. In this database you will find: detailed appraisals of impact assessments (IAs) produced by the European Commission; complementary or substitute IAs; IAs on parliamentary amendments; ‘European Implementation Appraisals’ on the implementation and effectiveness of EU law and policies in practice; ‘Cost of Non-Europe’ reports in policy areas where greater efficiency or collective benefits could be achieved through common action at European level; and ‘European Added Value Assessments’ setting out the rationale for legislative initiative reports put forward by committees.
The Scientific Foresight Unit (STOA) carries out interdisciplinary research and provides strategic advice in the field of science and technology options assessment and scientific foresight. It undertakes in-depth studies and organises workshops on developments in these fields, under the guidance of the STOA Panel of 15 MEPs.
Summary : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.
Bodies : Budgetary Control, Constitutional affairs, Agriculture and rural development, Human rights, Economic and monetary affairs, Foreign affairs, Development
Summary : This in-depth analysis was commissioned by the policy department on citizens' rights and constitutional affairs at the request of the JURI committee. It proposes to view the legal basis and practical developments of parliamentary privilege in Italy, providing an insight into the peculiarities of the country’s experience, with reference also to recent cases.
Authors : Marco Cerase
Bodies : Legal affairs
Summary : This in-depth analysis was commissioned by the policy department on citizens' rights and constitutional affairs at the request of the JURI committee. It examines the case law of the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union on the matter of parliamentary immunity. From this case law, it derives the conclusion that both courts are developing a ‘functional approach’ towards parliamentary immunity. It explains the meaning of this approach both for national systems of parliamentary immunity and for that of the European Parliament.
Authors : Sascha Hardt
Bodies : Legal affairs
Authors : Marika LERCH
Bodies : Development, Human rights, Environment, public health and food safety, Foreign affairs
Summary : This paper forms part of a series of nine studies on the role of the European Union (EU) in international economic fora prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs. It provides factual background information about the International Association of Insurance Supervisors (IAIS), the Union’s role and representation therein, its accountability as well as the coordination and impact thereof. A key conclusion is that the Union is well represented. As a result of both commitment and investment, the European issues are well captured. Key concepts of the EU-originated Solvency II framework found their way worldwide into IAIS standards and guidelines. IAIS stands at a cross-road and with it the EU participation. A similar outcome in the area of International Capital Standards must be cautiously crafted. Therefore, these developments should be carefully monitored.
Authors : Lieve Lowet
Bodies : Economic and monetary affairs
Summary : Ahead of the vote in plenary, Parliament's press service organised a seminar for journalists on the proposed regulation updating the EU rules on novel food. Its general goals are to ensure food safety, protect public health, secure the functioning of the internal market and support innovation. This thematic digest provides summaries of publications on this topic prepared by the policy department to support the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety in shaping the new rules.
Bodies : Environment, public health and food safety
Summary : On 1 July 2015, Cuba and the United States of America (USA) re-established formal diplomatic links, the culmination so far of the ground-breaking changes that have taken place in relations between the two countries since December 2014. At the same time, relations between Cuba and the EU are enjoying unprecedented momentum. The change in Cuba-US relations and the strengthening of the EU's links with Cuba represent two processes that are different in nature and scope. Despite the changes in US-Cuba relations, full 'normalisation' remains a distant prospect, mostly due to the US economic embargo against Cuba which is likely to remain in place for the foreseeable future. In contrast, the EU and its Member States – which have full diplomatic, economic and cooperation relations with Cuba – have moved closer than at any time before to the conclusion of a Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement (PDCA) with Cuba. Both the US government and the EU recognise that stronger links with Cuba will not spark any immediate transformation of the country or lead to rapid political changes or democratic opening. In this regard, the policies to promote closer relations with Cuba, including the conclusion of an EU-Cuba PDCA, could be characterised as an investment in the future.
Authors : Jesper TVEVAD
Bodies : Foreign affairs
Summary : This briefing is an update of a note that was initially provided to ECON Members in advance of the exchange of views with the President of the Eurogroup foreseen on 22 September 2015. This exchange of views is now expected to take place later this year.
Authors : Jost ANGERER, Javier María VEGA BORDELL , Benoit MESNARD, Martin HRADISKY, MATTEO CIUCCI, Alice ZOPPÉ
Bodies : Economic and monetary affairs
Summary : Upon request by the JURI Committee, this in-depth analysis examines the immunity of Polish parliamentarians, i.e. Deputies to the Sejm and Senators. It describes forms of immunity, their scopes, taking into account the jurisprudence of the Polish Supreme Court and the Polish Constitutional Tribunal, as well as parliamentary procedures regarding waiving or defending the immunities. It also includes a description of legal and practical problems related to an ordinary application of immunity rules.
Authors : Piotr CHYBALSKI
Bodies : Legal affairs
Summary : EU Social and Labour Rights have developed incrementally, originally through a set of legislative initiatives creating selective employment rights, followed by a non-binding Charter of Social Rights. Only in 2009, social and labour rights became legally binding through the Charter of Fundamental Rights for the European Union (CFREU). By contrast, the EU Internal Market - an area without frontiers where goods, persons, services and capital can circulate freely – has been enshrined in legally enforceable Treaty provisions from 1958. These comprise the economic freedoms guaranteeing said free circulation and a system ensuring that competition is not distorted within the Internal Market (Protocol 27 to the Treaty of Lisbon). Tensions between Internal Market law and social and labour rights have been observed in analyses of EU case law and legislation. This report, provided by Policy Department A to the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs, explores responses by socio-economic and political actors at national and EU levels to such tensions. On the basis of the current Treaties and the CFREU, the constitutionally conditioned Internal Market emerges as a way to overcome the perception that social and labour rights limit Internal Market law. On this basis, alternative responses to perceived tensions are proposed, focused on posting of workers, furthering fair employment conditions through public procurement and enabling effective collective bargaining and industrial action in the Internal Market.
Authors : Dagmar SCHIEK (Queen’s University Belfast, the UK) ; Liz Oliver, Christopher Forde and Gabriella Alberti (University of Leeds, the UK) ; Michael Doherty (University of Maynooth, Ireland) ; Joanna Unterschütz (University of Business Administration, Gdynia, Poland) ; Consuelo Chacartegui Jávega and Julia Lopez Lopez (University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain) ; Kerstin Ahlberg and Niklas Bruun (University of Stockholm, Sweden)
Bodies : Employment and social affairs
Workshops enable Members to put questions to and exchange views with experts on subjects associated with parliamentary business or subjects of current interest.
The Fact Sheets provide an overview of European integration and of the European Parliament’s contribution to that process.
The Assessment of Scientific and Technological Policy Options for the European Parliament.
The Think Tank page provides access to all the expertise sources available in the Parliament.