This database contains the research papers produced by the European Parliament’s various research services, in particular studies, in-depth analyses and briefings produced by policy departments, the Economic Governance Support Unit and the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value. These documents aim to support the work of the various parliamentary bodies.
The policy departments are responsible for providing expertise and policy advice to support the activities of various parliamentary bodies, most notably the committees. Based on analyses carried out either in-house or externally, policy departments provide independent, specialised, objective, high-quality and up-to-date information in all areas of Parliament’s activities.
Policy departments deliver policy analysis in a wide variety of formats, most frequently in response to a request from a Parliament committee or delegation. In this database you will find texts ranging from studies and in-depth country- or issue-specific analyses to briefings. This written output serves a variety of purposes by feeding directly into the legislative work of a specific committee or serving as a briefing for delegations of members.
The Economic Governance Support Unit provides briefing papers for Economic Dialogues and Accountability Hearings organised by the competent committee of the Parliament. Moreover, it produces background documents and tables, on a regular basis, in this domain.
The Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) provides research on various aspects of ex-ante or ex-post evaluation of EU legislation and policies. In this database you will find: detailed appraisals of impact assessments (IAs) produced by the European Commission; complementary or substitute IAs; IAs on parliamentary amendments; ‘European Implementation Appraisals’ on the implementation and effectiveness of EU law and policies in practice; ‘Cost of Non-Europe’ reports in policy areas where greater efficiency or collective benefits could be achieved through common action at European level; and ‘European Added Value Assessments’ setting out the rationale for legislative initiative reports put forward by committees.
The Scientific Foresight Unit (STOA) carries out interdisciplinary research and provides strategic advice in the field of science and technology options assessment and scientific foresight. It undertakes in-depth studies and organises workshops on developments in these fields, under the guidance of the STOA Panel of 15 MEPs.
Summary : Enforcement of fair competition is based on different rules around the world. This workshop aims to give an overview on existing and planned international agreements on cooperation in the field of competition policy. The first session focuses on international cooperation in antitrust investigations and discusses how agreements are designed to ensure consistency in the prosecution of infringements and to overcome regulatory friction. The second session looks into what is currently known about the chapter on competition policy in the Transatlantic Trade Investment Partnership (TTIP) to help understanding the on-going negotiations. This Workshop was prepared by the Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).
Authors : Rachel BRANDENBURGER, Kenta SUZUKI, Patrik DUCREY, Blanca RODRIGUEZ GALINDO, Hendrik BOURGEOIS, Ioannis LIANOS and Christophe KIENER
Bodies : Economic and monetary affairs
Summary : This study describes the challenges for competition policy in relation to the digital economy. It explores the specific characteristics of digital economy markets and how these characteristics impact competition policy. The study focusses on competition policy and its instruments such as anti-trust laws, merger regulation, State aid and sector regulation. Neighbouring policy fields such as copyright and data protection are outlined where important but not analysed in detail. This study was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON).
Authors : Nicolai VAN GORP (Ecorys Netherlands) and Olga BATURA (University of Bremen)
Bodies : Economic and monetary affairs
Summary : Upon request by the LIBE committee, this study examines the reasons why the Dublin system of allocation of responsibility for asylum seekers does not work effectively from the viewpoint of Member States or asylum-seekers. It argues that as long as it is based on the use of coercion against asylum seekers, it cannot serve as an effective tool to address existing imbalances in the allocation of responsibilities among Member States. The EU is faced with two substantial challenges: first, how to prevent unsafe journeys and risks to the lives of people seeking international protection in the EU; and secondly, how to organise the distribution of related responsibilities and costs among the Member States. This study addresses these issues with recommendations aimed at resolving current practical, legal and policy problems.
Authors : Prof. Elspeth Guild, Dr. Cathryn Costello, Ms. Madeline Garlick, Dr. Violeta Moreno-Lax and Dr. Sergio Carrera
Bodies : Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
Summary : At the request of the Petitions Committee, this study analyses the right to petition in the European Parliament, in Scotland and in the EU Member States, from a multi-disciplinary (historical, legal and political science) comparative perspective. An evaluation framework is proposed, with the aim of assessing how key characteristics of the different petition systems, related to the legal and institutional framework (conventional features and e-petitions) and to the main players behaviour (citizens, parliament and government), have an impact on the achievement of the goals of the right to petition, hereby enhancing its effectiveness.
Authors : Mr Tiago TIBURCIO, Researcher at ISCTE / CIES - Lisbon University Institute
Bodies : Petitions
Summary : The European Engineering industry, by far the biggest exporter of goods to the US, suffers from a range of TBTs (Technical Barriers to Trade) when exporting to the US. After two decades of trying – in vain - to reduce the costs of these TBTs, TTIP should address them, yielding significant economic gains. US standards, relevant for US safety regulation, are very rarely international standards from ISO and IEC, in sharp contrast with the EU. This is costly for EU exporters. Conformity assessment issues related to OSHA requirements (US regulator) should be resolved as EU exporters suffer from a triple cost disadvantage. The US insistence of ‘mutual recognition of standards’ is not a solution at all, undermining the EU single standard environment and ‘trading in’ a first best (world standard) solution for a second-best one, if not worse. Over time globalisation increases the pressure to find effective US/EU solutions.
Authors : Jacques PELKMANS
Bodies : Internal market and consumer protection
Summary : The antimicrobials usage in food-producing animals has affected public health with the development of antibiotic resistance. The annual societal costs related to antibiotic resistance are significant. Preserving the effectiveness of the current antibiotics is important as this can incentivize pharmaceutical firms to develop new drugs. Restriction of antibiotics usage can potentially lead to less resistant strains, diminished health care costs and productivity losses, and fewer side effects for humans.
Authors : Ilaria MOSCA, Judith WEEDA and Maurizio SANGUINETTI
Bodies : Environment, public health and food safety
Summary : At the request of the PETI committee, the Study provides an overview of the most significant difficulties faced by organisers when setting up and running a European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) and an in-depth analysis of the possible solutions based on a review of the latest reports by EU Institutions on this issue. The aim of the Study is to propose recommendations or measures to improve the ECI as an effective tool for participatory democracy in the EU in view of the current discussion concerning the revision of Regulation (EU) No 211/2011 on the Citizens' Initiative. The ultimate goal is to define an ECI process with fewer costs and unnecessary burdens for EU citizens which would empower them to actively participate in shaping the future of Europe.
Authors : Marta BALLESTEROS and Sara FIORENTINI (Milieu Ltd., Belgium)
Bodies : Petitions
Summary : China stands now at a crossroads, where factors that for many years contributed to its growth have nearly – if not completely – exhausted their potential. As domestic economic challenges grow more pressing, Beijing has embarked on a new development strategy to 'rebalance' its economy and reinforce its integration into global markets. A number of elements of this strategy – including the 'One Belt One Road' initiative – are likely to have a major impact across the globe.
Authors : Roberto BENDINI, Barbara BARONE
Bodies : Foreign affairs, International trade
Summary : A workshop on "The impact of the crisis on skills shortages" was held in the European Parliament in Brussels on 23 March 2015. This Policy Department A document contains the programme, a summary of discussions, background papers and the presentations of that workshop.
Authors : Paul de Beer, Maarten Gerard and Anja Meierkoord (Idea consult) ; Konstantinos Pouliakas (Cedefop) ; John Mc Grath (SOLAS) ; Solveigh Hieronimus (McKinsey & Company)
Bodies : Employment and social affairs
Summary : Mr Pierre GRAMEGNA, Minister for Finance of Luxemburg is participating in the ECON meeting in his capacity as the incoming President of the ECOFIN Council during the Luxembourg Presidency (July-December 2015). This exchange of views will also cover an Economic Dialogue on the implementation of the European Semester Cycle, including the adoption of the 2015 Country Specific Recommendations.
Authors : Jost ANGERER, Martin HRADISKY, Alice ZOPPÉ, Bjorn HOCKERFELT, Cairen POWER
Bodies : Economic and monetary affairs
Workshops enable Members to put questions to and exchange views with experts on subjects associated with parliamentary business or subjects of current interest.
The Fact Sheets provide an overview of European integration and of the European Parliament’s contribution to that process.
The Assessment of Scientific and Technological Policy Options for the European Parliament.
The Think Tank page provides access to all the expertise sources available in the Parliament.