This database contains the research papers produced by the European Parliament’s various research services, in particular studies, in-depth analyses and briefings produced by policy departments, the Economic Governance Support Unit and the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value. These documents aim to support the work of the various parliamentary bodies.
The policy departments are responsible for providing expertise and policy advice to support the activities of various parliamentary bodies, most notably the committees. Based on analyses carried out either in-house or externally, policy departments provide independent, specialised, objective, high-quality and up-to-date information in all areas of Parliament’s activities.
Policy departments deliver policy analysis in a wide variety of formats, most frequently in response to a request from a Parliament committee or delegation. In this database you will find texts ranging from studies and in-depth country- or issue-specific analyses to briefings. This written output serves a variety of purposes by feeding directly into the legislative work of a specific committee or serving as a briefing for delegations of members.
The Economic Governance Support Unit provides briefing papers for Economic Dialogues and Accountability Hearings organised by the competent committee of the Parliament. Moreover, it produces background documents and tables, on a regular basis, in this domain.
The Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) provides research on various aspects of ex-ante or ex-post evaluation of EU legislation and policies. In this database you will find: detailed appraisals of impact assessments (IAs) produced by the European Commission; complementary or substitute IAs; IAs on parliamentary amendments; ‘European Implementation Appraisals’ on the implementation and effectiveness of EU law and policies in practice; ‘Cost of Non-Europe’ reports in policy areas where greater efficiency or collective benefits could be achieved through common action at European level; and ‘European Added Value Assessments’ setting out the rationale for legislative initiative reports put forward by committees.
The Scientific Foresight Unit (STOA) carries out interdisciplinary research and provides strategic advice in the field of science and technology options assessment and scientific foresight. It undertakes in-depth studies and organises workshops on developments in these fields, under the guidance of the STOA Panel of 24 MEPs.
Summary : This study, commissioned by the Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee, explores the range and nature of problems linked to the cross-border placement of children and to the application of article 56 of the Brussels IIa Regulation. Based on an analysis of the practice in 12 Member States and European case law, it identifies a number of shortcomings in the current legislative framework. Looking ahead to the recast of Brussels IIa, the study sets out recommendations to remedy some of the weaknesses, such as clarifying the respective tasks of the Member States involved in cross-border placement cases and facilitating the recognition and enforcement of cross-border placement orders.
Bodies : Legal affairs
Summary : The aim of this study Energy Union: Key Decisions for the Realisation of a Fully Integrated Energy Market is to assess whether, and to what extent, the EU’s internal energy market objectives can effectively and efficiently be reached with the current policies and instruments. Link to the original publication: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2016/578968/IPOL_STU(2016)578968_EN.pdf
Authors : Koen Rademaekers and Luc Van Nuffel (Trinomics)
Bodies : Industry, research and energy
Summary : This document prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit presents Country Specific Recommendations (CSRs) for 2015 and draft CSRs for 2016 as well as an assessment of implementation of CSRs for 2015.
Authors : Martin HRADISKY, MATTEO CIUCCI
Bodies : Economic and monetary affairs
Summary : This document was prepared by Policy Department A at the request of the TAXE2 Special Committee of the European Parliament. The study reviews common principles behind financial sector practices that may feature in tax avoidance or evasion. Mechanisms include the exploitation of mismatches in international taxation and financial sophistication; and the exploitation of the qualification of corporate cash flows. The paper issues concrete recommendations with respect to international cooperation, and the completion of Banking Union.
Authors : Karel Volckaert
Bodies : Tax Rulings and Other Measures Similar in Nature or Effect (TAXE 2)
Summary : This study was commissioned and supervised by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs at the request of the JURI Committee. Restitution of art looted during past and present armed conflicts is a major issue for our societies. Claiming restitution before courts – often in foreign States – has proven to be difficult. That is why parties turn more and more to dispute resolution means alternative to court litigation. This study examines the legal difficulties related to art restitution claims and proposes policy recommendations for States and EU institutions to overcome these difficulties and seek to achieve just and fair solutions.
Authors : Marc-André RENOLD
Bodies : Legal affairs
Summary : The case is made paper maintains that the EU-Turkey CU of 1995 covering industrial goods should be modernised and modified to take into account the various and growing criticisms of the original CU. Furthermore, economic integration between the EU and Turkey should be strengthened by signing a complementary deep integration regional trade agreement (RTA) between the EU and Turkey, covering agriculture, SPS measures, services, government procurement, investment, and dispute settlement. For Turkey, the objective would be to achieve comprehensive liberalisation, while for the EU this is an ideal opportunity to harness the economic and political potential of deeper integration with Turkey, in line with its wider trade and investment policy.
Authors : Kamala Dawar (University of Sussex, the UK) and Sübidey Togan (Center for International Economics, Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey)
Bodies : Industry, research and energy, Internal market and consumer protection, Fisheries, Transport and tourism, International trade, Agriculture and rural development, Foreign affairs
Summary : This note gives a summary of standards set by EU Directives for labour market integration of different categories of refugees.It has been prepared by Policy Department A for the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs.
Authors : Susanne KRAATZ
Bodies : Employment and social affairs
Summary : This study assesses the important role the social economy plays in the EU. Priority policies identified to reach its full potential include: 1) digital transformation of social economy, 2) enabling EU cross-sectorial regulatory and financial frameworks, and 3) improving definitions and developing indicators - alternatives to GDP - to focus policies on EU added-value. This document has been commissioned by Policy Department A on behalf of European Parliament´s Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection.
Authors : Quentin LIGER
Bodies : Internal market and consumer protection
Summary : The table below gives an overview of the progress made in Member States that are or have been subject to a Macroeconomic Adjustment Programme. Greece is still under a programme, while Ireland, Portugal and Cyprus have exited their programme and are now under so-called post-programme surveillance. For more detailed information please see separate table on Financial Assistance to EU Member States.
Authors : Javier María VEGA BORDELL
Bodies : Economic and monetary affairs
Summary : This report captures the status of deployment of SESAR through the Pilot Common Project (PCP) in terms of state of play, costs and timeliness. It is concluded that the PCP implementation is on time and underpinned by a credible management structure. The expenditure to date through the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) mechanism is EUR 325.4 million, out of EUR 3 billion planned for 2014-2020. However, as the PCP implementation is at an early stage, the benefits are still to be quantified.
Authors : Washington Yotto Ochieng (FREng) and Milena Studic
Bodies : Transport and tourism
Workshops enable Members to put questions to and exchange views with experts on subjects associated with parliamentary business or subjects of current interest.
The Fact Sheets provide an overview of European integration and of the European Parliament’s contribution to that process.
The Assessment of Scientific and Technological Policy Options for the European Parliament.
The Think Tank page provides access to all the expertise sources available in the Parliament.