This database contains the research papers produced by the European Parliament’s various research services, in particular studies, in-depth analyses and briefings produced by policy departments, the Economic Governance Support Unit and the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value. These documents aim to support the work of the various parliamentary bodies.
The policy departments are responsible for providing expertise and policy advice to support the activities of various parliamentary bodies, most notably the committees. Based on analyses carried out either in-house or externally, policy departments provide independent, specialised, objective, high-quality and up-to-date information in all areas of Parliament’s activities.
Policy departments deliver policy analysis in a wide variety of formats, most frequently in response to a request from a Parliament committee or delegation. In this database you will find texts ranging from studies and in-depth country- or issue-specific analyses to briefings. This written output serves a variety of purposes by feeding directly into the legislative work of a specific committee or serving as a briefing for delegations of members.
The Economic Governance Support Unit provides briefing papers for Economic Dialogues and Accountability Hearings organised by the competent committee of the Parliament. Moreover, it produces background documents and tables, on a regular basis, in this domain.
The Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value within the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) provides research on various aspects of ex-ante or ex-post evaluation of EU legislation and policies. In this database you will find: detailed appraisals of impact assessments (IAs) produced by the European Commission; complementary or substitute IAs; IAs on parliamentary amendments; ‘European Implementation Appraisals’ on the implementation and effectiveness of EU law and policies in practice; ‘Cost of Non-Europe’ reports in policy areas where greater efficiency or collective benefits could be achieved through common action at European level; and ‘European Added Value Assessments’ setting out the rationale for legislative initiative reports put forward by committees.
The Scientific Foresight Unit (STOA) carries out interdisciplinary research and provides strategic advice in the field of science and technology options assessment and scientific foresight. It undertakes in-depth studies and organises workshops on developments in these fields, under the guidance of the STOA Panel of 24 MEPs.
Summary : This document examines the main features of the Advisory European Fiscal Board that was established by the European Commission on 21 October 2015 under the framework of the implementation of an integrated framework for sound fiscal policies, as referred to in the Five Presidents' Report of June 2015.This document is regularly updated.
Authors : Alice ZOPPÉ, LORENZO DONATELLI
Bodies : Economic and monetary affairs
Summary : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.
Bodies : Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, International trade, Budgets, Employment and social affairs, Fisheries
Summary : This document prepared by Policy Department A at request of the Employment and Social Affairs Committee gives a summary of the legal Decision by European Parliament and Council to establish a European Public Employment Services (PES) network. It presents its organisation, objectives, tasks and activities implemented so far. At the core of enhanced PES cooperation is 'benchlearning' (benchmarking + mutual learning) to improve performance. The note concludes that benchlearning has potential be applied in other areas. Further, it addresses the role of funding and sustainability.
Authors : Susanne KRAATZ
Bodies : Employment and social affairs
Summary : This report presents the different results of the research in the economics of languages that deal with the advantages and the disadvantages of multilingualism in the economy, in society and in the institutions of the EU. These results provide a general, albeit admittedly limited, picture of the needs for language policy in the current European multilingual environment. Against this background, we evaluate the relevance of the general goals and the recommendations of the European Strategy for Multilingualism (ESM). Further, we summarise the available evidence of measures and actions carried out by the Commission to implement the ESM, and, where possible, we present data on their advantages and disadvantages.
Authors : Michele Gazzola (Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Germany and Institute for Ethnic Studies, Ljubljana, Slovenia)
Bodies : Culture and education
Summary : Each patient in the European Union has a right of access to care. National governments face the challenge to balance resources against healthcare demand to ensure that populations enjoy equitable access to effective, affordable and sustainable healthcare. This study describes the main challenges with regard to access to affordable medicines, including Research & Development, pricing and reimbursement of medicines and the influence of the economic crisis. Potential policy options to tackle these challenges are presented, drawing on best practices and a review of specific measures implemented in different European countries. This document was provided by Policy Department A for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.
Authors : Brian GODMAN, Wija OORTWIJN, Chiara DE WAURE, Ilaria MOSCA, Anna PUGGINA, Maria Lucia SPECCHIA, Paolo CAMPANELLA and Jeroen VAN DER TUIN
Bodies : Environment, public health and food safety
Summary : The study was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Women’s Rights and Gender Equality and commissioned, overseen and published by the Policy Department for Citizen’s Rights and Constitutional Affairs. This Study analyses the socio-legal status of the Mail-Order Bride industry in the EU, in terms of regulation, protection of rights, and the consequences of Mail-Order Bride relationships for women, men and children involved. It focuses on the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands and Ireland; defines the Mail-Order Bride (MOB) phenomenon. The report uses a combination of sociological and legal research methods including desk research, expert interviews and a mapping of International Marriage Broker (IMB) websites. It finds that it is difficult to distinguish between MOB and other groups of female marriage migrants. The report identifies three main legal gaps, namely the lack of regulation of IMB activities, the lack of a harmonized regime for family reunification, and the lack of harmonized protective measures for women in case of relationship break up. There is a need for additional prevention and protection measures, since female marriage migrants are considered particularly vulnerable to domestic violence.
Authors : Julia REINOLD (Maastricht Graduate School of Governance | UNU-MERIT), Inez ROOSEN (Maastricht Graduate School of Governance | UNU-MERIT), Alexander HOOGENBOOM (Maastricht University), Ingrid WESTENDORP (Maastricht University) and Katharina KOCK (Maastricht Graduate School of Governance | UNU-MERIT)
Bodies : Women's Rights and Gender Equality
Summary : La commission des affaires juridiques du Parlement européen a commandé la presente étude pour obtenir une évaluation et analyse, sous les angles juridique et éthique, de quelques futures règles européennes de droit civil en robotique.
Authors : Nathalie NEVEJANS
Bodies : Legal affairs
Summary : The ability of AI systems to transform vast amounts of complex, ambiguous information into insight has the potential to reveal long-held secrets and help solve some of the world’s most enduring problems. However, like all powerful technologies, great care must be taken in its development and deployment. To reap the societal benefits of AI systems, we will first need to trust them and make sure that they follow the same ethical principles, moral values, professional codes, and social norms that we humans would follow in the same scenario. Research and educational efforts, as well as carefully designed regulations, must be put in place to achieve this goal. International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is actively engaged, both internally as well as with its collaborators and competitors, in global discussions about how to make AI ethical and as beneficial as possible for people as society.
Authors : Francesca Rossi
Bodies : Legal affairs
Summary : The European Parliament's Press Service is holding a seminar to provide key media and institutional representatives the opportunity to look into issues of crucial importance to the EU in the coming years, ranging from unemployment and economic stagnation to the refugee crisis and the fight against terrorism. This thematic digest provides selected publications provided by Parliament’s Policy Departments which are relevant to the topic of this seminar.
Bodies : Security and defence, Economic and monetary affairs, Foreign affairs, Employment and social affairs, Internal market and consumer protection, Regional Development, Budgets, Constitutional affairs
Summary : This briefing was prepared by the Economic Governance Support Unit in advance of ECON’s Open Coordinators and Banking Union Working Group meeting on 12 October 2016 with Mr. Bill Coen, Secretary General of the BCBS. It first describes the evolution of the Basel framework since the first standards were enacted, and describes the ongoing revisions of the Basel III framework. Finally the main findings of different impact assessments are reminded, as well as the different positions of various stakeholders.
Authors : Marcel MAGNUS, ALIENOR ANNE CLAIRE DUVILLET-MARGERIT, Benoit MESNARD
Bodies : Economic and monetary affairs
Workshops enable Members to put questions to and exchange views with experts on subjects associated with parliamentary business or subjects of current interest.
The Fact Sheets provide an overview of European integration and of the European Parliament’s contribution to that process.
The Assessment of Scientific and Technological Policy Options for the European Parliament.
The Think Tank page provides access to all the expertise sources available in the Parliament.