Questa banca dati contiene i documenti di ricerca elaborati dai vari servizi di ricerca del Parlamento europeo, in particolare gli studi, le analisi approfondite e i briefing preparati dai dipartimenti tematici, dall'unità Assistenza alla governance economica e dalla direzione della Valutazione d'impatto e del valore aggiunto europeo. Lo scopo di questi documenti è sostenere le attività dei vari organi parlamentari.
I dipartimenti tematici si occupano di fornire pareri specialistici e consulenze strategiche a sostegno delle attività dei vari organi parlamentari, in particolare le commissioni. Sulla base delle analisi effettuate internamente o esternamente, i dipartimenti tematici forniscono informazioni indipendenti, specialistiche, oggettive, aggiornate e di alta qualità in tutti gli ambiti di attività del Parlamento.
I dipartimenti tematici elaborano le analisi strategiche in un'ampia gamma di formati, generalmente in risposta alla richiesta di una commissione o una delegazione del Parlamento. In questa banca dati è possibile reperire testi di tipo diverso, da studi e analisi approfondite su un paese o una questione specifica a briefing. Questi testi scritti hanno diverse finalità, ad esempio contribuire direttamente al lavoro legislativo di una data commissione o fungere da note informative per i membri di una delegazione.
L'unità Assistenza alla governance economica elabora briefing per i dialoghi economici e le audizioni di rendicontazione organizzati dalla commissione competente del Parlamento, e pubblica altresì periodicamente documenti e tabelle informativi in questo ambito.
La direzione della Valutazione d'impatto e del valore aggiunto europeo, interna al Servizio di ricerca del Parlamento europeo (EPRS), elabora ricerche su vari aspetti della valutazione ex ante o ex-post della legislazione e delle politiche dell'UE. Questa banca dati contiene analisi approfondite delle valutazioni d'impatto elaborate dalla Commissione europea, valutazioni d'impatto complementari o sostitutive, valutazioni d'impatto degli emendamenti del Parlamento, "analisi di attuazione europea" sull'attuazione e sull'efficacia nella pratica del diritto e delle politiche dell'UE, relazioni sul costo della non Europa riguardo a settori in cui sarebbe possibile ottenere una maggiore efficienza o benefici collettivi attraverso un'azione comune a livello europeo e valutazioni del valore aggiunto europeo che illustrano la ragione delle relazioni d'iniziativa legislativa presentate dalle commissioni.
L'unità Prospettiva scientifica (STOA) effettua ricerche interdisciplinari e fornisce consulenze strategiche nel campo della valutazione delle opzioni scientifiche e tecnologiche e della prospettiva scientifica. Essa realizza studi approfonditi e organizza seminari sugli sviluppi che interessano tali settori, sotto la guida del comitato STOA, composto da 24 deputati al Parlamento europeo.
Riassunto : Twelve years after the Thessaloniki promise that the future of the Balkans is within the European Union, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, fYRoM, Montenegro, and Serbia remain excluded with no foreseeable accession date in sight. Despite initial success, the current approach to enlargement has reached its limits, as it seems to be slowing down the integration process rather than accelerating it. In the meantime, in addition to the democratic and economic setbacks in the region, renewed tensions are threatening to undermine fragile regional stability. Moreover, the EU’s unfinished business in the Balkans opens the door to various political, economic and security alternatives. This is precisely why the main message of this study is that the current autopilot mode of enlargement cannot continue.
Autori : Dr Marko KMEZIĆ, Centre for Southeast European Studies, University of Graz, Austria
Organi : Affari esteri
Autori : Marika LERCH
Organi : Sviluppo, Affari esteri, Ambiente, sanità pubblica e sicurezza alimentare, Diritti delluomo
Riassunto : Focusing on the support of non-CSDP policies for CSDP measures, both in the field of crisis management and defence, this study submits that CSDP cannot effectively contribute to EU external action by itself, but only in coherence with other EU policies and instruments. The study focuses on nine different issue areas of the EU which are of particular interest in the context of CSDP: European Neighbourhood Policy, development cooperation, internal policies and financing instruments in the context of the EU’s international crisis management, as well as innovation policies, industrial policies, regional policy, trade policy and space policy in the context of the EU’s defence policy. The study builds on existing evidence of synergising effects of CSDP and other non-CSDP policies and points to the potential impact which the closer interplay of CSDP and non-CSDP policies could have. Focusing on policy adaptation as well as institutional cooperation of EU actors in each of the policy relationships, the study provides a comprehensive overview of the linkage between CSDP and each of the respective policies and draws a large set of tailor-made recommendations in the field.
Autori : Kolja RAUBE (University of Leuven, Belgium), Jan WOUTERS (University of Leuven, Belgium), Federica BICCHI (London School of Economics, United Kingdom), Philip DE MAN (University of Leuven, Belgium), Daniel FIOTT (Free University of Brussels, Belgium), Damien HELLY (European Centre for Development Policy Management, the Netherlands), Christian KAUNERT (University of Dundee, United Kingdom), Chantal LAVALLEE (University of Dundee, United Kingdom), Jocelyn MAWDSLEY (University of Nottingham, United Kingdom) and Licinia SIMAO (University of Coimbra, Portugal)
Organi : Sicurezza e difesa, Affari esteri
Riassunto : 2015, qui marque le 25e anniversaire de l'établissement de relations diplomatiques entre l'UE et le Viêt Nam, sera une année charnière. Trois ans après la conclusion entre l'UE et le Viêt Nam d'un accord cadre global de coopération et de partenariat (ACP), il a été demandé au Parlement européen d'approuver cet accord. De son côté, la Commission européenne a annoncé le 4 août 2015 l'aboutissement de trois ans de négociations en vue d'un accord de libre-échange (ALE). Le renforcement des relations avec l'UE constitue en effet une priorité pour la République socialiste du Viêt Nam, qui vise à contrebalancer la forte influence de la Chine en préservant son indépendance par rapport aux États-Unis. Le Parti Communiste garde fermement les commandes de l'appareil d'État. La liberté des média et de la société civile est strictement limitée. La situation des droits de l'homme reste déplorable.
Autori : Laurence VANDEWALLE, Susana MENDONCA
Organi : Affari esteri
Riassunto : Launched at the beginning of 2013 by a group of World Trade Organisation (WTO) members calling themselves Really Good Friends of Services, negotiations on the plurilateral Trade in Services Agreement (TISA) are nearing an important juncture. The TISA agreement is the biggest free trade agreement currently under discussion when measured by the number of negotiating parties – 23 at present. It is designed to boost liberalisation of the global services sector, moving beyond the current, outdated GATS provisions and unlocking huge economic potential. The EU undoubtedly has important stakes in these negotiations as its economy is highly – and increasingly – dependent on the service sector. However, there remain several obstacles to the successful completion of the agreement and its effective WTO integration, with the most important of these being the inclusion of more WTO members among the signatories – and the hearts and minds of citizens.
Autori : ELINA VIILUP
Organi : Mercato interno e protezione dei consumatori, Sviluppo regionale, Affari esteri, Occupazione e affari sociali, Commercio internazionale, Industria, ricerca ed energia, Trasporti e turismo
Riassunto : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.
Organi : Controllo dei bilanci, Agricoltura e sviluppo rurale, Affari costituzionali , Diritti delluomo, Problemi economici e monetari, Sviluppo, Affari esteri
Riassunto : Since the Treaty of Lisbon entered into force in December 2009, major efforts have been made to implement the new institutional set-up it created: the EU has acquired legal personality, the post of Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy has been created, the European External Action Service has been operationalised, and the EU Delegations around the world have boosted the EU’s presence and increased diplomatic and policy outreach. The European Parliament has also acquired a greater role thanks to the Lisbon Treaty, particularly in the fields of foreign policy oversight and budgetary scrutiny. Nevertheless, many provisions of the Lisbon Treaty, designed to provide a boost to foreign, security and defence policies, remain non-implemented owing to a lack of political support stemming from the fears of some EU Member States of the creation of a ‘two-speed Europe’ and loss of control over these fields in favour of the EU institutions.
Autori : Wanda TROSZCZYNSKA VAN GENDEREN
Organi : Sicurezza e difesa, Affari esteri
Riassunto : Food security is a multilayered concept, covering availability, access, use and stability. It is recognised as a global public good. To be free from hunger and malnutrition is also a human right. Following the 2007/2008 food crisis, the international community committed to investing more in agriculture and to better governance. The MDG target to halve the proportion of hungry people was nearly achieved, but 795 million people remain undernourished. The Sustainable Development Goals include an ambitious zero hunger target and address the structural causes of food insecurity. Helping small farmers to enhance sustainable production is one important way to address food insecurity in developing countries. The EU has made food and nutrition security a focal area of development cooperation. The EU and its Member States committed to reducing the number of stunted children by 7 million before 2025. Parliament has supported a human rights-based approach to addressing food security and has expressed strong concerns over land grabbing.
Autori : Marika LERCH
Organi : Sviluppo, Diritti delluomo, Ambiente, sanità pubblica e sicurezza alimentare, Affari esteri
Riassunto : On 1 July 2015, Cuba and the United States of America (USA) re-established formal diplomatic links, the culmination so far of the ground-breaking changes that have taken place in relations between the two countries since December 2014. At the same time, relations between Cuba and the EU are enjoying unprecedented momentum. The change in Cuba-US relations and the strengthening of the EU's links with Cuba represent two processes that are different in nature and scope. Despite the changes in US-Cuba relations, full 'normalisation' remains a distant prospect, mostly due to the US economic embargo against Cuba which is likely to remain in place for the foreseeable future. In contrast, the EU and its Member States – which have full diplomatic, economic and cooperation relations with Cuba – have moved closer than at any time before to the conclusion of a Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement (PDCA) with Cuba. Both the US government and the EU recognise that stronger links with Cuba will not spark any immediate transformation of the country or lead to rapid political changes or democratic opening. In this regard, the policies to promote closer relations with Cuba, including the conclusion of an EU-Cuba PDCA, could be characterised as an investment in the future.
Autori : Jesper TVEVAD
Organi : Affari esteri
Riassunto : The European Commission communication ‘Trade, Growth and Development’ was published in January 2012 as a direct spin-off of the more general communication ‘Trade, Growth and World Affairs’. It was also a response to the criticism levelled by many non-governmental organisations, governments of developing countries and other stakeholders at the Commission’s trade policies (in particular economic partnership agreements) with traditional African, Caribbean and Pacific partners. The communication secured greater clarity and coordination between development- and trade-oriented policies, but it does not appear to have produced revolutionary changes. A number of updates have addressed the progress made by developing countries in the era of globalisation, but the essential separation remains. The communication did, however, have the unquestionable merit of promoting the modernisation of certain development-oriented trade instruments, such as the Generalised System of Preferences, and concentrating declining resources on fragile and least-developed countries.
Autori : Roberto BENDINI
Organi : Affari esteri, Commercio internazionale, Sviluppo