Această bază de date conține documentele de cercetare elaborate de diversele servicii de cercetare ale Parlamentului European, în special studiile, analizele aprofundate și briefingurile elaborate de departamentele tematice, de Unitatea de asistență pentru guvernanța economică și de Direcția pentru evaluarea impactului și valoarea adăugată europeană. Scopul acestor documente este de a sprijini activitatea diferitelor organisme parlamentare.
Una dintre responsabilitățile departamentelor tematice este cea de a oferi consultanță politică și de specialitate pentru a sprijini activitățile diverselor organe parlamentare, în special ale comisiilor. Pe baza analizelor efectuate în cadrul instituției sau în extern, departamentele tematice furnizează informații independente, specializate, obiective, actualizate și de înaltă calitate în toate domeniile de activitate ale Parlamentului.
Departamentele tematice furnizează analize ale politicilor într-o gamă largă de formate, cel mai adesea ca răspuns la o cerere din partea unei comisii sau delegații a Parlamentului. În această bază de date veți găsi texte de diverse tipuri, de la studii și analize aprofundate referitoare la țări sau chestiuni specifice până la briefinguri. Aceste documente scrise servesc unor scopuri diverse, ele putând fi folosite în mod direct în activitatea legislativă a unei anumite comisii sau putând servi drept briefinguri pentru delegațiile deputaților.
Unitatea de asistență pentru guvernanța economică furnizează briefinguri pentru dialogurile economice și audierile în materie de responsabilitate organizate de comisia competentă din cadrul Parlamentului. Pe lângă aceasta, ea redactează periodic documente și tabele de referință în domeniu.
Direcția pentru evaluarea impactului și valoarea adăugată europeană din cadrul Serviciul de Cercetare al Parlamentului European (EPRS) desfășoară activități de cercetare cu privire la diverse aspecte ale evaluării ex ante sau ex post a legislației și politicilor UE. În această bază de date puteți găsi: analize detaliate ale studiilor de impact realizate de Comisia Europeană; evaluări ale impactului complementare sau înlocuitoare; evaluări ale impactului privind amendamentele parlamentare; „evaluări ale punerii în aplicare la nivel european” privind punerea în aplicare și eficacitatea legislației și politicilor UE în practică; rapoarte privind „costul non-Europei” în domeniile de politică în care s-ar putea obține o mai mare eficiență sau avantaje colective printr-o acțiune comună la nivel european; precum și „evaluări ale valorii adăugate la nivel european”, care explică motivele care au stat la baza redactării rapoartelor din proprie inițiativă cu caracter legislativ prezentate de comisii.
Unitatea de prospectivă științifică (STOA) efectuează cercetări interdisciplinare și furnizează consiliere strategică în domeniul evaluării opțiunilor științifice și tehnologice și al prospectivei științifice. STOA efectuează studii aprofundate și organizează ateliere privind evoluțiile înregistrate în aceste domenii, sub îndrumarea Grupului STOA format din 24 deputați în Parlamentul European.
Rezumat : Focusing on the support of non-CSDP policies for CSDP measures, both in the field of crisis management and defence, this study submits that CSDP cannot effectively contribute to EU external action by itself, but only in coherence with other EU policies and instruments. The study focuses on nine different issue areas of the EU which are of particular interest in the context of CSDP: European Neighbourhood Policy, development cooperation, internal policies and financing instruments in the context of the EU’s international crisis management, as well as innovation policies, industrial policies, regional policy, trade policy and space policy in the context of the EU’s defence policy. The study builds on existing evidence of synergising effects of CSDP and other non-CSDP policies and points to the potential impact which the closer interplay of CSDP and non-CSDP policies could have. Focusing on policy adaptation as well as institutional cooperation of EU actors in each of the policy relationships, the study provides a comprehensive overview of the linkage between CSDP and each of the respective policies and draws a large set of tailor-made recommendations in the field.
Autori : Kolja RAUBE (University of Leuven, Belgium), Jan WOUTERS (University of Leuven, Belgium), Federica BICCHI (London School of Economics, United Kingdom), Philip DE MAN (University of Leuven, Belgium), Daniel FIOTT (Free University of Brussels, Belgium), Damien HELLY (European Centre for Development Policy Management, the Netherlands), Christian KAUNERT (University of Dundee, United Kingdom), Chantal LAVALLEE (University of Dundee, United Kingdom), Jocelyn MAWDSLEY (University of Nottingham, United Kingdom) and Licinia SIMAO (University of Coimbra, Portugal)
Organe : Securitate şi apărare, Afaceri externe
Rezumat : Although EU Regulation 428/2009 setting up a Community regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-use items system is in line with the main export control regimes and is seen as a model for others to follow, there are a number of ways in which the regulation could be enhanced and refined. Part One outlines the current state of play, purpose and implementation of the current regulation. In Part Two, against the backdrop of the European Commission's reform proposal, the effectiveness of the EU's dual-use export controls regime is explored further with regard to its potential contribution to international, national and human security, as well as their impact on EU economic and trade interests. The study concludes that the system’s effectiveness could be improved in a number of ways, but that this requires an effort to mobilise political will at different levels and across different institutions within the EU and its Member States, and to enhance human resources, cooperation and capacity-building. The European Parliament should also give consideration on a regular basis to issues relating to the scope and implementation of the regulation, in order to ensure that the objectives continue to be achieved.
Autori : Ian J. STEWART, King’s College London and Sibylle BAUER, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
Organe : Libertăţi civile, justiţie şi afaceri interne, Securitate şi apărare, Industrie, cercetare şi energie, Drepturile omului, Afaceri juridice, Comerţ internaţional
Rezumat : Since the Treaty of Lisbon entered into force in December 2009, major efforts have been made to implement the new institutional set-up it created: the EU has acquired legal personality, the post of Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy has been created, the European External Action Service has been operationalised, and the EU Delegations around the world have boosted the EU’s presence and increased diplomatic and policy outreach. The European Parliament has also acquired a greater role thanks to the Lisbon Treaty, particularly in the fields of foreign policy oversight and budgetary scrutiny. Nevertheless, many provisions of the Lisbon Treaty, designed to provide a boost to foreign, security and defence policies, remain non-implemented owing to a lack of political support stemming from the fears of some EU Member States of the creation of a ‘two-speed Europe’ and loss of control over these fields in favour of the EU institutions.
Autori : Wanda TROSZCZYNSKA VAN GENDEREN
Organe : Securitate şi apărare, Afaceri externe
Rezumat : On 16 July 2015, the Lower House of Japan’s Diet (the House of Representatives) approved a controversial package significantly reducing barriers to the deployment of Japanese defence forces overseas. This is the most significant change to have been made to Japan’s security and defence policy since World War II. The reforms promoted by Prime Minister Abe represent a fundamental shift in Japan’s foreign and security policy since WWII. Abe’s reforms are the logical consequence of a process of revision started more than twenty years ago with the end of the Cold War and later fuelled by the need to contest and contain the rising of China as a regional and global power. These reforms, including the reinterpretation of Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution, have been undertaken in a context of constantly shifting regional balance in the Asia-Pacific region, where Japan has been increasingly threatened by both China and North Korea. This has prompted a significant upgrade in relations with the US and may pave the way for a new phase of Japanese foreign policy, but also has a negative impact on Japan’s already lukewarm relations with the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Koreas.
Autori : Roberto BENDINI
Organe : Securitate şi apărare, Piaţa internă şi protecţia consumatorilor, Afaceri externe
Rezumat : The workshop addresses the question to what extent change has taken place, meaning whether P&S is on track and has started delivering the results that MS have declared they want to achieve. It will therefore assess three crucial aspects: • The Member States’ engagement in P&S efforts and its outcomes: The assessment will look into the political cooperation frameworks and the concrete projects MS have agreed upon, both on EU and multinational levels, and the outcomes this has produced. This includes the industrial impact MS cooperation has had so far. • The support to Pooling and Sharing by Union level actors (Council, HR/VP, EDA): what kind of picture on problem awareness and strategic guidance emerges from the strategic documents Council and EDA have issued and what kind of support have especially EDA and HR/VP provided, which role have EU-institutions been able to play vis-à-vis MS? What can be learned from comparable efforts made in NATO? • The future perspective of P&S in terms of challenges, necessities and recommended initiatives linked to the further implementation of P&S: what are the most important concluding observations on the state of affairs, is it worth to continue opting for this change in defence cooperation and if it is, how can the remaining obstacles be overcome, namely the prevailing understanding of sovereignty of EU Member States?
Autori : Rosalie PARENT
Organe : Securitate şi apărare, Afaceri externe
Rezumat : This study provides an overview of China’s current approach to foreign policy and external relations. It focuses more particularly on the role and actions of China in global governance, its territorial claims and relations with countries in Asia, and its emergence as an important actor in Central and Eastern Europe as well as in the EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood. It assesses the implications for the EU and makes recommendations on how the EU should deepen its strategic partnership with China. The study argues that China has not made a unilateral and exclusive turn towards assertiveness in its foreign policy. China’s foreign policy assertiveness represents a policy choice that should be understood in the broader context of its external relations, which is one of uncertainty. Both the impact of China’s emergence in international affairs and the use China intends to make of its power and influence remain uncertain. This uncertainty is explained by the interdependence between a number of international and domestic factors as well as by the absence of a grand strategy. The uncertainty in China’s foreign policy opens avenues for the EU to influence China and further deepen the scope of the EU-China Strategic Partnership.
Autori : Matthieu BURNAY, Kolja RAUBE and Jan WOUTERS
Organe : Securitate şi apărare, Comerţ internaţional, Afaceri externe
Rezumat : The Monthly Highlights publication provides an overview, at a glance, of the on-going work of the policy departments, including a selection of the latest and forthcoming publications, and a list of future events.
Organe : Securitate şi apărare, Libertăţi civile, justiţie şi afaceri interne, Afaceri externe, Bugete, Control bugetar, Drepturile femeii şi egalitatea de gen, Agricultură şi dezvoltare rurală, Afaceri economice şi monetare, Dezvoltare, Drepturile omului
Rezumat : The Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the People's Republic of China have enjoyed long-lasting and friendly ties – despite their ideological differences, evident in their very names. The two share far more than a 520 kilometre border, as underscored by the April 2015 visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping to Pakistan. On that trip – his first trip abroad in 2015 – Xi announced a EUR 41.30-billion commitment to building a multi-faceted network called the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). The CPEC can be understood as part of China's 'pivot to Asia' and plays a role in Beijing's broader 'One Belt One Road' initiative. If completed, the CPEC has the potential to fundamentally alter South Asia's economy and geopolitics.
Autori : Laurence VANDEWALLE
Organe : Afaceri externe, Securitate şi apărare, Drepturile omului, Dezvoltare, Comerţ internaţional
Rezumat : The EU-India strategic partnership has lost momentum. Bilateral ties are not receiving sufficient priority from both sides. Economics remains at the core of this relationship. Since negotiations on the Broad-based Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) may take time to be concluded, EU-India ties should not be held hostage to developments at BTIA level. On defence and security matters, India deals with EU Member States directly and has a good framework for cooperation with major European powers. The recent Indian decision to buy Rafale jets from France will also have long-term implications for EU-India links. Unlike its partnerships with the US and Russia, India has yet to discover the relevance of EU-India relations within evolving Asian security and economic architecture. Growing Indo-American relations and the close transatlantic partnership could provide new opportunities to work together. Collaboration in research and innovation has expanded significantly and dialogues on global governance, energy, counter-terrorism, migration and mobility as well as human rights all show great potential. New dialogues could be initiated on Afghanistan, maritime security, development cooperation and the Middle-East. Indian engagement in resolving the Ukraine crisis could be explored.
Autori : Gulshan SACHDEVA (Centre for European Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India)
Organe : Securitate şi apărare, Comerţ internaţional, Afaceri externe
Rezumat : The World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) in May 2016 will be the culmination of a global consultation process. The three-year initiative responds to the need to adapt the humanitarian system in order to make humanitarian action more efficient and effective in keeping pace with the rapidly changing context of emergencies. Consultations leading up to the Summit have provided the opportunity to gain perspectives from different regions of the world. As a result, three main priorities have been highlighted: the need for humanitarians to protect and preserve the dignity of people affected by conflict and disaster; a call to find innovative and sustainable ways of meeting people's needs; and a demand from the global South to 'localise' humanitarian response by strengthening local, national and regional capacities to prevent, manage and respond to crisis. There is potential for the European Union (EU) to take a leadership role in the process and influence the WHS outcome. ECHO´s new need assessment tools and the Linking Relief Rehabilitation and Development (LRRD) as well as Resilience approaches offer a framework for responding to the challenges posed by protracted crises. This study recommends that the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid should be applied as a model for a 'Global Consensus on Humanitarian Action' or a 'Global Compact' recognising the diversity of today's humanitarian response system while taking advantage of all actors' complementary role. Furthermore, the EU and member states must commit to placing protection at the centre of humanitarian action and ensure that the EU´s humanitarian aid is not regarded as a crisis management tool, and allowed to become an instrument of its foreign policy.
Autori : Cristina Churruca Muguruza (Institute of Human Rights, University of Deusto, NOHA Network of Universities in Humanitarian Action, Spain)
Organe : Afaceri externe, Securitate şi apărare, Drepturile omului, Dezvoltare