Article 9 of the Association Agreement between the EU and Chile, signed in Brussels on 18 November 2002, provides for the creation of a Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC), whose main task is to monitor the application of the agreement and to make proposals with a view to improving its operation. The committee comprises two delegations with an equal number of members from the European Parliament and from the Chilean Senate/Chamber of Deputies respectively. The Association Agreement, in addition to its commercial aspects, also includes sections on cooperation and political dialogue.
The Committee, set up at the beginning of this legislative period, holds at least one meeting a year, alternately in Chile and the EU. The Joint Parliamentary Committee's bureau also holds at least one meeting a year in order to programme the joint activities for the next semester, and define topics of common interest to be discussed at the next interparliamentary meeting.
At the Joint Parliamentary Committee's meetings, subjects falling within the Association Agreement and its three pillars - trade chapter, political dialogue and cooperation - are raised, and points of views are exchanged on the current political and economic situation in Chile and the European Union. At each meeting, a Joint Declaration is adopted reflecting different positions of the JPC Members on a variety of issues and containing recommendations addressed to other association organs such as Association Council and Association Committee. Recently, the Joint Parliamentary Committee has been involved in the process of modernization of the EU-Chile Association Agreement, formally launched by the 6th EU-Chile Association Council in April 2015.