The European Parliament's delegation for relations with the People's Republic of China was established following the first direct elections in 1979 and inter-parliamentary meetings have being taking place since 1980.
EU relations with China were established in 1975 and are governed by the 1985 EU-China Trade and Cooperation Agreement. The EU is China’s biggest trading partner, while China is the EU’s largest source of imports and second largest two-way trading partner. Annual summits and regular political, trade and economic dialogues are held, including over fifty thematic dialogues and agreements.
The main task of the delegation is to maintain relations with the National People's Congress (NPC) through regular inter-parliamentary meetings. The delegation is also the focal point for relations with the Legislative Councils of the Special Administrative Regions (SAR) of Hong Kong and Macao.