Entschließungen des EP

Nuclear security and non-proliferation

The launch of a ballistic missile from under water The launch of a ballistic missile from under water
Nuclear proliferation in North East Asia © European Union

The European Parliament adopted by 415 votes to 124, with 74 abstentions, a resolution on nuclear security and non-proliferation.

The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ALDE and Greens/EFA groups.

Members stressed that the global security environment, and particularly that of the EU, has deteriorated considerably, becoming more fluid, more precarious and less predictable. [...]

As of January 2016 nine states - the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) - possessed a total of approximately 15 395 nuclear weapons.

Parliament called on all nuclear-weapon states to take concrete interim measures to reduce the risk of nuclear-weapon detonations. [...]

Parliament welcomed the agreement between the P5+1 powers and Iran on the latter's nuclear ambitions. This Iran Nuclear Deal was a notable achievement for multilateral diplomacy, and for European diplomacy in particular.

EU strategy towards Iran after the nuclear agreement

The European Parliament adopted by 456 votes to 174, with 67 abstentions, a resolution on the EU strategy towards Iran after the nuclear agreement. [...]

Political dialogue: Parliament recalled that the Council's decision to lift all nuclear-related sanctions against Iran as a result of implementation of its commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.

Trade and economic matters: Parliament welcomed the positive results already achieved by JCPOA, such as the 43 % increase in trade between Iran and the EU during the first six months of 2016.

Sectoral cooperation: Parliament stated that energy cooperation can play a significant role in diversifying the sources of energy supply to the EU, thereby contributing to the EU's energy security.

Regional security: Parliament stated that the nuclear deal opens the possibility for cooperation in resolving the region's security crisis and that Iran should play a stabilisation role in the region.

Resolution on the EU strategy towards Iran

Saeed Jalili at the EP Saeed Jalili at the EP
Iran's chief nuclear negotiator and Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council, Saeed Jalili
The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the EU strategy towards Iran.

Recalling that negotiations on a comprehensive trade and cooperation agreement and on a political dialogue agreement between the EU and Iran started in 2002 and that this process was interrupted in 2005 as a result of revelations concerning Iran's clandestine nuclear activities, Parliament welcomed the Geneva interim agreement between the E3/EU+3 and Iran on Iran's nuclear programme.

It stressed that there could be no alternative to a peaceful negotiated solution to address the international community's concerns and it welcomes the decisions taken by the Council at its meeting of 20 January 2014 with a view to implementing the Joint Plan of Action, in particular provisions on partial sanction relief. Parliament believed that, once a comprehensive agreement ensuring the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran's nuclear programme was reached, nuclear-related sanctions against Iran should be gradually removed.

Human rights in Iran, particularly mass executions and the death of Sattar Beheshti

The European Parliament adopted a resolution the human rights situation in Iran, particularly mass executions and the recent death of the blogger Sattar Beheshti.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ALDE, Greens/EFA, ECR, EFD, and GUE/NGL groups.

It expressed grave concern over the steadily deteriorating human rights situation in Iran, the growing number of political prisoners and prisoners of conscience, the continuously high number of executions. It is also deeply concerned about the death in prison of Sattar Beheshti, who criticised the Iranian regime on the internet, and was arrested on 30 October 2012 by the specialised cyber police unit for alleged cyber crimes. [...]

Whilst supporting the EU's dual-track approach to Iran (combining sanctions with diplomacy), members call on the Council to reinforce targeted measures against Iranian individuals and entities responsible for or involved in grave human rights violations and restrictions of fundamental freedoms. [...]

The situation of ethnic minorities in Iran

The European Parliament adopted by 49 votes to 0 with 2 abstentions a resolution on the situation of ethnic minorities in Iran.

The resolution was tabled by the EFD, Greens/EFA, S&D, ALDE, EPP, GUE/NGL and ECR groups. [...]

Members call on the Iranian authorities to eliminate all forms of discrimination against persons belonging to ethnic and religious minorities. [...]

Parliament calls on the Commission, in close cooperation with Parliament, to make effective use of the new Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights in order to support democracy and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities, in Iran.

It reaffirms its readiness to engage in human rights dialogue with Iran at all levels on the basis of universal values as enshrined in the UN Charter and UN conventions.

Members also strongly condemn the use of the death penalty in Iran [...]

Resolution on Iran and its nuclear programme

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on Iran and its nuclear programme.

The text adopted in plenary was tabled as a joint resolution by the EPP, S&D, ALDE, Greens/EFA and ECR groups.

Parliament reiterates that the proliferation risks in connection with the Iranian nuclear programme remain a source of serious concern and renews its call on the Iranian authorities to fulfil Iran's obligations under the NPT and urges Iran to cooperate fully with the IAEA on all outstanding issues. [...]

The resolution strongly condemns the Iranian threat of a closure of the Strait of Hormuz and urges the Iranian authorities not to block the Strait of Hormuz [...].

Parliament reiterates the EU's long-held position that the outstanding issues with Iran over its nuclear programme must be solved peacefully and that there is no military solution to the conflict.

Members recognise that the dialogue and cooperation with Turkey can play an important role with a view to reaching a settlement. [...]

EU's approach towards Iran

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the EU's approach towards Iran.

Parliament recalls that Iran is facing an array of governance challenges - from power struggles between competing factions within the country's ruling elites to a crippling social and economic malaise, a problematic regional security environment and rising popular discontent at home - many of which are products of the Iranian regime's own making.

Faced with these challenges, it stresses that an EU approach should be defined towards Iran. [...]

Parliament insists that in any future negotiations with Iran, the High Representative should make the situation of human rights in the country a top priority. It calls on the Commission to implement all the instruments at its disposal for the protection and promotion of human rights in Iran. [...]

Resolution on the case of Nasrin Sotoudeh

Following the debate which took place on the same day, the European Parliament adopted by 79 votes to 0, with 0 abstentions, a resolution on Iran, in particular the case of Nasrin Sotoudeh.

The resolution had been tabled by the EFD, ALDE, ECR, S&D, EPP, GUE/NGL Greens/ALE groups.

It calls on the Government of Iran immediately and unconditionally to release Nasrin Sotoudeh, a prominent Iranian human rights lawyer, and all other prisoners of conscience. It considers that Nasrin Sotoudeh's sentence is of a political nature, aimed at taking one of Iran's leading human rights defenders out of practice. Members call on Iran to adhere to the standards set forth by the UN Basic Principles on the Role of Lawyers, which states that lawyers must be allowed to carry out their work without intimidation, hindrance, harassment or improper interference.