Delegation for relations with Iraq : EP resolutions

Mass graves in Iraq, 15 December 2016 

Images taken from an ancient site after it was wired with explosives by Islamic State (IS) militant group in northern Iraq.  
©BELGAIMAGE/AFP/W.NINEVEH © BELGAIMAGE/AFP/W.NINEVEH 
The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the on mass graves in Iraq.

The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, GUE/NGL, Greens/EFA and EFDD groups.

Members condemned without reservation the continuing atrocities and flagrant violations of international humanitarian and human rights law committed by ISIS/Daesh. They noted with overwhelming dismay the ongoing discoveries of new mass graves in Iraq and Syria, which are evidence of the terror committed by ISIS/Daesh.

They called on the Iraqi authorities, including the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG), to take urgent steps to protect the gravesites around Mount Sinjar and to take all other necessary measures to preserve the evidence of the war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by ISIS/Daesh, in order to ensure accountability [...]

Situation in Northern Iraq/Mosul, 27 October 2016 

The European Parliament adopted this resolution by 488 votes to 11, with 128 abstentions.

Members strongly supported the operation started by Iraq to liberate Mosul from ISIS/Daesh and firmly condemned the ongoing violence and mass executions by ISIS/Daesh in Iraq. They reaffirmed their full support for Iraq's independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty, while stressing the importance of fostering dialogue between Iraq and the countries in the region.

Parliament underlined that the right of return to their ancestral homeland for the displaced indigenous peoples of the Nineveh Plain, Tal Afar and Sinjar should be a policy priority of the Iraqi Government supported by the EU. It recalled that the indigenous communities of the Nineveh Plain, Tal Afar and Sinjar - Christians (Chaldeans/Syriacs/Assyrians), Yazidis, Turkmens and others - have a right to safety, security and regional autonomy within the federal structure of the Republic of Iraq.[...]

Systematic mass murder of religious minorities by ‘ISIS/Daesh’, February 2016 

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the systematic mass murder of religious minorities by the so-called 'ISIS/Daesh'.

Parliament recalled its strong condemnation of the so-called 'ISIS/Daesh' and its egregious human rights abuses, which amount to crimes against humanity and war crimes, within the meaning of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

War crimes and genocide: stressing that 'ISIS/Daesh' have committed genocide crimes against Christians, Yazidis and religious and ethnic minorities who do not agree with their interpretation of Islam, Parliament urged each of the Contracting Parties to the UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, signed at Paris on 9 December 1948, and to other international agreements, in particular the EU Member States, to prevent war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide within their territory. It urged Syria and Iraq to accept the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court.[...]

Attacks/abductions by ISIS/Da’esh in the Middle East, notably Assyrians, March 2015 

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on recent attacks and abductions by ISIS/Da'esh in the Middle East, notably of Assyrians.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, Greens/EFA, and EFDD groups.

Parliament stated that it was shocked and saddened at the brutal actions by ISIS/Da'esh extremists against the Assyrians in Syria and the Copts in Libya. It strongly condemned ISIS/Da'esh and its egregious human rights abuses that amounted to crimes against humanity and war crimes, and which could be called genocide.

Members were extremely concerned at this terrorist group's deliberate targeting of Christians, Yezidis, Turkmen, Shi'ites, Shabak, Sabeans, Kaka'e and Sunnis who did not agree with their interpretation of Islam, as part of its attempts to exterminate any religious minorities from the areas under its control. There must be no impunity for the perpetrators of these acts and those responsible should be referred to the ICC.[...]

Destruction of cultural sites perpetrated by ISIS/Da’esh, April 2015 

The European Parliament adopted by 552 votes to 42, with 53 abstentions, a resolution on the destruction of cultural sites perpetrated by ISIS/Da'esh.

Parliament strongly condemned the intentional destruction of cultural, archaeological and religious sites perpetrated by ISIS in Syria and Iraq. Madame Irina Bokova, UNESCO Director-General, described these systematic attacks against cultural heritage as 'cultural cleansing'.

The European Union (EU) and the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR) were invited to:

  • take action at political level, in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 2199 of 12 February 2015, in order to put an end to the illegal trade in cultural property from the territories of Syria and Iraq during periods of conflict in those territories;
  • use cultural diplomacy and intercultural dialogue as a tool to reconciling the different communities and rebuilding the destroyed sites; [...]

Humanitarian crisis in Iraq/Syria, in particular in the IS context, 12 February 2015 

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the humanitarian crisis in Iraq and Syria, in particular in the IS context.

The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, Greens/EFA and EFDD groups.

Parliament strongly condemned the gruesome, systematic and widespread human rights abuses and violations committed by the Assad regime, the terrorists of ISIL/Daesh and other jihadi groups in Iraq and Syria, including the killing of hostages, all forms of violence against people on the basis of their religious or ethnic affiliation, and violence against women and LGBTI people. It also strongly condemned ISIL/Daesh abuses against children and called for the immediate release of all hostages.

Global campaign for the region: Parliament supported the global campaign against ISIL/Daesh, and welcomed the commitment of the coalition partners to working together under a common, multifaceted and long-term strategy to defeat ISIL/Daesh.[...]

Kidnapping and mistreatment of women, 27 November 2014 

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on Iraq: kidnapping and mistreatment of women

Parliament condemned in the strongest possible terms the systematic human rights violations and abuses and violations of international humanitarian law resulting from the acts committed by the Islamic State (IS) and associated terrorist groups, which amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity; in particular violence against women and children.

It condemned abductions, rape and other forms of sexual violence, enslavement, and forced marriages and conversions.

They called on the Iraqi Government to ratify the Rome Statute establishing the International Criminal Court (ICC) in order to allow the ICC to prosecute the war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by IS.

The Iraqi Government is also urged to promote and protect human rights by involving all components of Iraqi society in a spirit of national unity and reconciliation.[...]

Situation in Iraq/Syria: IS offensive and persecution of minorities, September 2014 

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the situation in Iraq and Syria, and the IS offensive, including the persecution of minorities.

It firmly condemned the indiscriminate killings and human rights violations perpetrated by IS against religious and ethnic minorities and the most vulnerable groups, and the use of executions and sexual violence by IS in Iraq and Syria. It underlined the fact that there should be no impunity for the perpetrators of these acts. Members strongly condemned the murders of the journalists James Foley and Steven Sotloff and the aid worker David Haines by IS, and expressed grave concern for the safety of others still being held captive. They rejected without reservation and considered illegitimate the announcement by the IS leadership that it had established a caliphate in the areas it now controlled, and emphasised that the creation and expansion of the 'Islamic caliphate' was a direct threat to the security of European countries.[...]

Situation in Iraq, 17 July 2014 

4/5 A Yazidi man carries some blankets in the rubbles of the city of Sinjar destroyed during fight between ISIS fighters with YPG and after an air strike in Sinjar, Iraq. Although the battle was deemed a major victory, much of the city lays in complete ruin. Sinjar-Iraq 15 November 2015 ©Alfred Yaghobzadeh  
Sinjar-Iraq 15 November 2015 ©Alfred Yaghobzadeh © Alfred Yaghobzadeh 
The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the situation in Iraq.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, and Greens/ALE groups.

It strongly condemned the attacks perpetrated by the jihadist al-Qaeda splinter group Islamic State (IS) - formerly the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) - against Iraqi citizens and the Iraqi state, leading to summary executions, the imposition of a harsh interpretation of Sharia law, the destruction of places of the Shiite, Sufi, Sunni and Christian places of worship and shrines, of the region's historic, cultural and artistic heritage, and other atrocities.

Members condemned attacks directed at civilian targets, including hospitals, schools and places of worship, and the use of executions and sexual violence in the conflict.

Underlining the fact that there should be no impunity for the perpetrators of these acts, Members were deeply concerned about the humanitarian crisis and the massive displacement of civilians [...]