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EP resolutions

Implementation of the EU Association Agreement with Ukraine

The European Parliament adopted by 433 votes to 105 with 30 abstentions a resolution on the implementation of the European Union's Association Agreement with Ukraine.

Parliament noted that the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA), which is part of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement (AA), and has been officially operational since 1 January 2016, provides a solid basis for Ukraine's economic development and modernization.

General environment of reform

Members considered that while Ukraine has been making progress on the path towards European integration, more difficult tasks still need to be addressed, and public support for modernisation and reform is suffering on account of people's disappointment at deteriorating social conditions.

The consent of the Ukrainian people for closer relations with the EU remains strong, but a large part of the population are nonetheless dissatisfied with the country's overall development.[...]

Situation in the Sea of Azov

The European Parliament adopted the resolution on the situation in the Sea of Azov.

The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE and Greens/EFA groups.

The situation in the Sea of Azov was addressed by the bilateral agreement of 2003 between Ukraine and Russia, which defines these territories as internal waters of the two states and gives both parties the power to inspect suspicious vessels.

The construction of the Kerch Bridge and a gas pipeline and the laying of underwater cables to the illegally annexed Crimean peninsula without Ukraine's consent constitute another violation of Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity by the Russian Federation.[...]

Russia, notably the case of Ukrainian political prisoner Oleg Sentsov

The European Parliament adopted by 485 votes to 76 with 66 abstentions a resolution on Russia, notably the case of Ukrainian political prisoner Oleg Sentsov.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, and Greens/EFA groups.

Members cited the case of Ukrainian filmmaker Oleg Sentsov, who opposed the illegal annexation of the Crimean Peninsula by Russia, was arrested in May 2014 in connection with alleged activities conducted in Crimea, and has allegedly been subjected to torture and severe mistreatment leading to the illegal extraction of depositions that have subsequently been given legal value.

Parliament demanded that the Russian authorities immediately and unconditionally release Oleg Sentsov, who began a hunger strike on 14 May 2018, and release all the other 70 illegally detained Ukrainian citizens in Russia and on the Crimean peninsula.

The cases of Crimean Tatar leaders A. Chiygoz, I. Umerov and the journalist M.Semena

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the cases of Crimean Tatar leaders Akhtem Chiygoz, Ilmi Umerov and the journalist Mykola Semena.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ALDE, ECR and Greens/EFA groups.

It condemned the sentencing of the above-mentioned people as well as the harsh sentences handed out to leaders of the Crimean Tatar community opposing the Russian annexation following farcical court proceedings and questionable charges. Members called on the EEAS and the EU Delegation in Russia to closely follow the ongoing trials and to pay attention to the treatment of those detained, and expressed particular concern over reports of the use of punitive psychiatric treatments.

Introduction of temporary autonomous trade measures for Ukraine

The European Parliament adopted by 475 votes to 102, with 61 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the introduction of temporary autonomous trade measures for Ukraine supplementing the trade concessions available under the Association Agreement.

The issue was referred back to the committee responsible for interinstitutional negotiations.

Third countries subject to or exempt from a visa requirement: Ukraine

The European Parliament adopted by 251 votes to 75, with 36 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 listing the third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders and those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement (Ukraine).

A proposal to reject the Council proposal, submitted by the EFDD group, was rejected in plenary by 85 votes to 520, with 23 abstentions.

The European Parliament adopted its position at first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure, taking over the Commission proposal.

This proposal seeks to amend Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 in order to allow Ukrainian nationals to be exempt from the requirement to hold a visa when travelling in EU Member States.

Ukrainian political prisoners in Russia and situation in Crimea

The European Parliament adopted 451 votes to 73, with 86 abstentions, a resolution on the Ukrainian prisoners in Russia and the situation in Crimea.

Parliament reiterated its condemnation of the illegal annexation of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol by Russian. It expressed its full support at the firm and sustained determination of the EU not to recognise this annexation.

Parliament called on Russia to:
  • release without further delay all illegally and arbitrarily detained Ukrainian citizens, both in Russia and in the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine;
  • cease issuing Russian passports to all inhabitants of Crimea;
  • immediately cease the systematic intimidation of local citizens opposed to the annexation of Crimea and investigate all cases of human rights violations;
  • respect the fundamental freedoms of all residents, including the freedoms of expression, religion or belief and association and the right to peaceful assembly.

EU strategic communication to counteract anti-EU propaganda by third parties

The European Parliament adopted by 304 votes to 179, with 208 abstentions, a resolution on the EU strategic communication to counteract propaganda against it by third parties.

The resolution stressed that the EU, its Member States and citizens are under growing, systematic pressure to tackle information, disinformation and misinformation campaigns and propaganda from countries and non-state actors, such as transnational terrorist and criminal organisations in its neighbourhood.

Crimean Tatars

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the Crimean Tatars.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE and Greens/EFA groups.

Parliament strongly condemned the decision of the so-called Supreme Court of Crimea to ban the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People, and demanded its immediate reversal. Parliament considered this decision to constitute systemic and targeted persecution of the Crimean Tatars, and to be a politically motivated action aimed at further intimidating the legitimate representatives of the Tatar community.

Parliament also reconfirmed its full commitment to the sovereignty, political independence, unity and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognised borders and its free and sovereign choice to pursue a European path. It called on all parties to immediately pursue peaceful reintegration of the occupied Crimean peninsula into the Ukrainian legal order through political dialogue and in full compliance with international law.

Human rights situation in Crimea, in particular of the Crimean Tatars

The European Parliament adopted by 472 votes to 79 with 33 abstentions, a resolution on the human rights situation in Crimea, in particular of the Crimean Tatars. The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, and Greens/EFA, groups.

Parliament:
  • reiterated its strong commitment to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognised borders and to its choice to pursue a European path;
  • recalled its severe condemnation of the illegal annexation by Russia of the Crimean peninsula and the commitment of the EU, its Member States and the international community to implement fully the policy of non-recognition of the illegal annexation of Crimea;
  • highlighted the fact that restoring Ukrainian control over the peninsula is one of the prerequisites for re-establishing cooperative relations with the Russian Federation.
Members strongly condemned unprecedented levels of human rights abuses perpetrated against Crimean residents, notably Crimean Tatars.

Association Agreements, Comprehensive Free Trade Areas (Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine)

The European Parliament adopted by 335 votes to 230 with 102 abstentions, a resolution on Association Agreements/Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas with Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ECR, ALDE, and Greens/EFA groups.

Members welcomed the efforts made by Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine in ensuring that national legislation approximates EU standards based on AA/DCFTA commitments. They recalled that the funds made available must be spent well, and that by themselves they are not enough to stabilise the economy.

It stressed that the setting-up of bilateral DCFTAs with Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova is a crucial tool for modern, transparent and predictable trade, regulatory approximation and gradual economic integration of the partners into the EU internal market. It also reiterated the importance of integrating civil society into policy-making and reform processes.