The European Parliament Delegation to the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly (DEPA) was created by a decision of the European Parliament (EP) of 6 May 2009 and constituted at the beginning of the EP's seventh parliamentary term (end of September 2009). The EP had already called for the creation of this Assembly during its sixth parliamentary term (2004-2009). The Delegation, after 18 months of difficult discussions with the political authorities of the EP and prominent parliamentarians from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine, was able to obtain the necessary political backing for the actual establishment, on 3 May 2011, of the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly (PA). For political reasons, it has not been possible to admit a Belarusian Delegation to the Euronest PA to date. The purpose of the Assembly is to represent the parliamentary dimension of the Eastern Partnership, the initiative launched in 2009 by the European Union for its Eastern neighbours, aiming to bring them closer, thus avoiding new dividing lines in Europe, and to serve as a framework for concluding far-reaching Association Agreements, including Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas. The Euronest PA currently has 110 members: 60 Members of the European Parliament (who also make up the current EP Delegation - DEPA, and who are all members of one of the bilateral standing delegations of the EP to the countries covered by the Euronest PA) and 10 members from each of the following Eastern Partnership countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.
The Euronest PA, which includes the plenary, the Bureau, four standing committees and two working groups, aims to be a forum for multilateral parliamentary dialogue and exchange among the Eastern partners and between the MEPs and their counterparts from the Eastern Partnership countries, monitoring the implementation of the Eastern Partnership in several areas of common interest: stability, democracy, legal and standards approximation, trade, energy, people-to-people contacts, culture, education and others.
The Euronest PA has progressively gained its place in the interinstitutional architecture of the Eastern Partnership: for example, its Co-Presidents are regularly invited to the Eastern Partnership Summits of Heads of State and Government and to the annual ministerial meetings.