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EP-resoluties

Constitutional, legal and institutional implications of a CSDP (March 2017)

The resolution considers the possibilities offered by the Lisbon Treaty regarding the constitutional, legal and institutional implications of a common security and defence policy (CSDP).

It calls on the Member States and the EU institutions to increase their efforts for further development of civilian and military capabilities at the EU and Member State level.

It welcomes the European Defence Action Plan and urges a more progressive framing of common Union defence policy. The Parliament explores the existing instruments provided by the Lisbon Treaty, such as the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO), and emphasises the added value of the common security and defence policy.

Finally, it lists potential future evolutions of and adjustments to the current institutional set-up of the EU.

Implementation of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (December 2016)

The resolution re-emphasised that the EU must strengthen its security and defence capabilities and expressed support for all related initiatives.

It welcomed the Warsaw Summit Joint NATO-EU Declaration and the EU Global Strategy's commitment to NATO as the cornerstone of Europe's collective security.

The Parliament expressed its full support for deepened NATO-EU cooperation in the areas of cybersecurity, migration, strategic communication and hybrid threats.

It called on member states to meet NATO's capacity goals, and encouraged them to work more closely with NATO on the complementarity and mutual reinforcement of the Alliance's Smart Defence and the EU's pooling and sharing initiatives.

Implementation of the Common Security and Defence Policy (November 2016)

The resolution describes a complex strategic context with the EU existing in a deteriorating security environment and rising security threats and challenges.

It emphasised the importance of developing capabilities for common security and defence policy and calls for revised and more robust measures in order to implement it.

This includes an integrated approach to crises management and crisis resolution, deepening collaboration with NATO and other partners, and strengthening European defence cooperation.

EU strategic communication to counteract propaganda against it by 3rd parties (2016)

The resolution exposed the various forms of propaganda and disinformation techniques that were adopted by Russia and ISIL/Daesh and used against the EU, its Member States and partners, in order to create divisions, and to discredit the EU institutions and transatlantic partnerships.

The Parliament called on the EU and the Member States to prioritise strategic communication and counterpropaganda measures. It welcomed the EU and NATO initiatives that was already taken in this regard and suggested a new set of actions to ensure resilience against hybrid threats.

The resolution stressed that EU-NATO cooperation in this field should be substantially strengthened.

European Defence Union (November 2016)

The resolution proposes to launch a European Defence Union (EDU) as matter of urgency in view of the deteriorating security environment.

It calls upon the European Council, the Commission, and the Member States to undertake a number of measures to create such union. This includes, among other things:
  • framing of the EDU under the next multiannual political and financial framework (MFF);
  • establishment of a permanent format for defence ministers meetings;
  • establishment of defence working groups at the Commission;
  • establishment of a full-fledged Parliament committee on security and defence;
  • supporting and coordinating the development of strategic capabilities;
  • harmonisation and standardisation of the armed forces;
  • deepening EU-NATO cooperation;
  • meeting target values on defence and research spending;
  • bringing together major European defence industries and stakeholders;
  • and the adoption of a defence White Book.

Nuclear security and non-proliferation (October 2016)

Nuclear bomb Nuclear bomb
Nuclear Bomb Test, Bikini atoll and Enewetak, 21st of October 1952.
The European Parliament adopted by 415 votes to 124, with 74 abstentions, a resolution on nuclear security and non-proliferation.

The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ALDE and Greens/EFA groups.

Members stressed that the global security environment, and particularly that of the EU, has deteriorated considerably, becoming more fluid, more precarious and less predictable. There are conventional, unconventional and hybrid threats, generated by both state and non-state regional and global actors.

Furthermore, international peace, security and stability are seriously challenged by various developments, including deteriorating relationships between nuclear-armed states such as the Russian Federation and the United States, and India and Pakistan, and the further development of nuclear capabilities by North Korea.

Mutual defence clause (Article 42(7) TEU) (January 2016)

9. Soldiers carrying the EU flag 9. Soldiers carrying the EU flag
9. Soldiers carrying EU flag
The European Parliament adopted by 448 to 181, with 36 abstentions, a resolution on the mutual defence clause (Article 42(7) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union).

The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D and ALDE groups.

Parliament condemned in the strongest terms the horrifying terrorist attacks perpetrated by Daesh on 13 November 2015 in Paris, following which the French Government officially invoked the mutual defence clause of Article 42(7) TEU.

It took note of France's role as a catalyst in the common endeavour to combat terrorism and encouraged the competent EU institutions to provide and sustain their support as necessary.

Invoking the mutual defence and solidarity clauses under the Treaties is first and foremost a political matter, the resolution underlined the fact that, when these clauses are invoked, both the European Council and the European Parliament are the place for the political debate.