Procedure : 2016/0010(CNS)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0157/2016

Texts tabled :

A8-0157/2016

Debates :

PV 11/05/2016 - 17

Votes :

PV 12/05/2016 - 9.4
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2016)0221

REPORT     *
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28.4.2016
PE 576.877v02-00 A8-0157/2016

on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2011/16/EU as regards mandatory automatic exchange of information in the field of taxation

(COM(2016)0025 – C8‑0030/2016 – 2016/0010(CNS))

Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs

Rapporteur: Dariusz Rosati

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a Council directive amending Directive 2011/16/EU as regards mandatory automatic exchange of information in the field of taxation

(COM(2016)0025 – C8‑0030/2016 – 2016/0010(CNS))

(Special legislative procedure – consultation)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to the Council (COM(2016)0025),

–  having regard to Articles 113 and 115 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Council consulted Parliament (C8‑0030/2016),

–  having regard to the reasoned opinion submitted, within the framework of Protocol No 2 on the application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality, by the Swedish Parliament, asserting that the draft legislative act does not comply with the principle of subsidiarity,

–  having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (A8-0157/2016),

1.  Approves the Commission proposal as amended;

2.  Calls on the Commission to alter its proposal accordingly, in accordance with Article 293(2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union;

3.  Calls on the Council to notify Parliament if it intends to depart from the text approved by Parliament;

4.  Asks the Council to consult Parliament again if it intends to substantially amend the Commission proposal;

5.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment    1

Proposal for a directive

Recital 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) In recent years, the challenge posed by tax fraud and tax evasion has increased considerably and has become a major focus of concern within the Union and at global level. The automatic exchange of information constitutes an important tool in this regard and the Commission in its Communication of 6 December 2012 containing an Action plan to strengthen the fight against tax fraud and tax evasion highlighted the need to promote vigorously the automatic exchange of information as the future European and international standard for transparency and exchange of information in tax matters. The European Council in its conclusions of 22 May 2013 requested the extension of automatic information exchange at Union and global levels with a view to combatting tax fraud, tax evasion and aggressive tax planning.

(1) In recent years, the challenge posed by tax fraud, tax avoidance and tax evasion has increased considerably and has become a major focus of concern within the Union and at global level. The automatic exchange of information constitutes an important tool in this regard and the Commission in its Communication of 6 December 2012 containing an Action plan to strengthen the fight against tax fraud and tax evasion highlighted the need to promote vigorously the automatic exchange of information as the future European and international standard for transparency and exchange of information in tax matters. The European Council in its conclusions of 22 May 2013 requested the extension of automatic information exchange at Union and global levels with a view to combatting tax fraud, tax evasion and aggressive tax planning.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a directive

Recital 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) As Multi National Enterprise (MNE) Groups are active in different countries, they have the possibility of engaging in aggressive tax planning practices that are not available for domestic companies. When MNEs do so, purely domestic companies, normally small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) may be particularly affected as their tax burden is higher than that of MNE Groups. On the other hand, all Member States may suffer revenue losses and there is the risk of competition to attract MNE Groups by offering them further tax benefits. There is therefore a problem for the proper functioning of the Internal Market.

(2) As Multi National Enterprise (MNE) Groups are active in different countries, they have the possibility of engaging in aggressive tax planning practices that are not available for domestic companies. When MNEs do so, purely domestic companies, normally small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) may be particularly affected as they usually pay an effective rate of tax that is much closer to statutory rates than MNEs, resulting in distortions to, and malfunctions of, the Internal Market as well as distortion of competition to the detriment of SMEs. To avoid distortion of competition, domestic companies should not face disadvantages due to their size or lack of cross-border trade. Furthermore, all Member States may suffer revenue losses and there is the risk of unfair competition between each other to attract MNE Groups by offering them further tax benefits. There is therefore a problem for the proper functioning of the Internal Market. In this respect, it should be emphasized that is the Commission that is in charge of a well-functioning of the Internal Market.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a directive

Recital 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a) It is of vital importance for the Union that tax rules are designed not to impair growth or investments, put Union companies at a competitive disadvantage, nor increase the risk of double taxation and that they are designed to minimise costs and administrative burdens for companies.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a directive

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) Union tax authorities need comprehensive and relevant information on MNE Groups regarding their structure, transfer pricing policy and internal transactions in and outside the EU. That information will enable the tax authorities to react to harmful tax practices through changes in the legislation or adequate risk assessments and tax audits, and to identify whether companies have engaged in practices that have the effect of artificially shifting substantial amounts of income into tax-advantaged environments.

(3) Member States' tax authorities need comprehensive and relevant information on MNE Groups regarding their structure, transfer pricing policy, tax settlements, tax credits and internal transactions in and outside the Union. That information will enable the tax authorities to react to harmful tax practices through changes in the legislation or adequate risk assessments and tax audits, and to identify whether companies have engaged in practices that have the effect of artificially shifting substantial amounts of income into tax-advantaged environments. The Commission should also have access to the information exchanged between Member States' tax authorities in order to ensure compliance with the relevant competition rules. The Commission should treat the information as confidential and take all appropriate measures to protect that information.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) Increased transparency towards tax authorities could have the effect of giving MNE Groups an incentive to abandon certain practices and pay their fair share of tax in the country where profits are made. Enhancing transparency for MNE Groups is therefore an essential part of tackling base erosion and profit shifting.

(4) An adequate level of information provided to and exchanged between Member States' tax authorities as well as the Commission could have the effect of giving MNE Groups an incentive to abandon certain practices and pay their tax due in the country where the value is created. It would also increase the 'peer pressure' between Member States and would focus the attention of financial markets on the fiscal accountability of MNEs. Enhancing transparency for MNE Groups, without hampering the Union's competitiveness, is therefore an essential part of tackling base erosion and profit shifting and, ultimately, tax avoidance.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a directive

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) In the country-by-country report, MNEs Groups should provide annually and for each tax jurisdiction in which they do business the amount of revenue, profit before income tax and income tax paid and accrued. MNE Groups should also report number of their employees, stated capital, retained earnings and tangible assets in each tax jurisdiction. Finally, MNE Groups should identify each entity within the group doing business in a particular tax jurisdiction and should provide an indication of the business activities each entity engages in.

(6) In the country-by-country report, MNEs Groups should provide annually and for each tax jurisdiction in which they do business the amount of revenue, profit before income tax and income tax paid and accrued, as well as tax credits. MNE Groups should also report number of their employees, stated capital, retained earnings and tangible assets in each tax jurisdiction. Finally, MNE Groups should identify each entity within the group doing business in a particular tax jurisdiction and should provide an indication of the business activities each entity engages in.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a directive

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) To ensure the proper functioning of the Internal Market, the EU has to provide for fair competition between EU MNE Groups and non-EU MNE Groups for which one or several of their entities are located in the EU. Both of them should therefore be subject to the reporting obligation.

(8) To ensure the proper functioning of the Internal Market, the Union has to provide for fair competition between EU MNE Groups and non-EU MNE Groups for which one or several of their entities are located in the EU. Both of them should therefore be subject to the reporting obligation. Member States, in this respect, should be responsible for enforcing the reporting obligation of the MNEs through, for instance, introducing steps to penalise MNEs in the event of non-reporting.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a directive

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a) Member States should ensure that they maintain or increase the level of human, technical and financial resources dedicated to the automatic exchange of information between tax administrations and to data processing within tax administrations.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a directive

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) As regards exchange of information between Member States, Council Directive 2011/16/EU of 15 February 2011 on administrative cooperation in the field of taxation and repealing Directive 77/799/EEC already provides for the mandatory automatic exchange of information in a number of fields. Its scope should be enlarged to provide for the mandatory automatic exchange of country-by-country reports between Member States.

(11) As regards exchange of information between Member States, Council Directive 2011/16/EU of 15 February 2011 on administrative cooperation in the field of taxation and repealing Directive 77/799/EEC already provides for the mandatory automatic exchange of information in a number of fields. Its scope should be enlarged to provide for the mandatory automatic exchange of country-by-country reports between Member States, and the communication of such reports to the Commission. Moreover, the European Commission shall make use of the country-by-country reports to assess the compliance of Member States with EU state aid rules, as there is also a state aid dimension to unfair tax practices in the field of corporate taxation.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a directive

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) The mandatory automatic exchange of country-by-country reports between Member States should in each case include the communication of a defined set of basic information that would be accessible to those Member States in which, on the basis of the information in the country-by-country report, one or more entities of the MNE Group are either resident for tax purposes, or are subject to tax with respect to the business carried out through a permanent establishment of an MNE Group.

(12) The mandatory automatic exchange of country-by-country reports between Member States and with the Commission should in each case include the communication of a defined set of basic information which should be based on uniform definitions and which would be accessible to those Member States in which, on the basis of the information in the country-by-country report, one or more entities of the MNE Group are either resident for tax purposes, or are subject to tax with respect to the business carried out through a permanent establishment of an MNE Group.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a directive

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) It is necessary to specify linguistic requirements for the exchange of information between Member States on country-by-country report. It is also necessary to adopt the practical arrangements necessary for the upgrading of CCN network. In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of Articles 20(6) and 21(7), implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

(16) It is necessary to specify linguistic requirements for the exchange of information between Member States and the communication of such information to the Commission on country-by-country report. It is also necessary to adopt the practical arrangements necessary for the upgrading of CCN network and to make sure that the duplication of standards resulting in an increase in administrative costs for business operators is avoided. In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of Articles 20(6) and 21(7), implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a directive

Recital 18 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(18a) Member States' yearly report to the Commission under this Directive, should detail the extent of local filing under Article 8aa and Point 1, Section II, Annex III of this Directive and contain a list of any jurisdictions where ultimate parent entities of Union-based constituent entities are resident, but full reports have not been filed or exchanged.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a directive

Recital 18 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(18b) It should be possible for information not to be exchanged under this Directive where such exchange would lead to the disclosure of a commercial, industrial or professional secret or of a commercial process, or of information the disclosure of which would be contrary to public policy.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a directive

Recital 18 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(18c) Regard should be given to the European Parliament's resolution of 25 November 2015 on tax rulings and other measures similar in nature or effect, the Parliament's report on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2007/36/EC as regards the encouragement of long-term shareholder engagement and Directive 2013/34/EU as regards certain elements of the corporate governance statement, as well as its resolution of 16 December 2015 on bringing transparency, coordination and convergence to corporate tax policies.

Amendment    15

Proposal for a directive

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20) Since the objective of this Directive, namely the efficient administrative cooperation between Member States under conditions compatible with the proper functioning of the internal market, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States and can therefore, by reason of the uniformity and effectiveness required, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on the European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Directive does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective.

(20) Since the objective of this Directive, namely the efficient administrative cooperation between Member States and with the Commission under conditions compatible with the proper functioning of the internal market, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States and can therefore, by reason of the uniformity and effectiveness required, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on the European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Directive does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective.

Amendment    16

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point -1 (new)

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 1 – paragraph 1

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(-1) Article 1(1) is amended as follows:

1. This Directive lays down the rules and procedures under which the Member States shall cooperate with each other with a view to exchanging information that is foreseeably relevant to the administration and enforcement of the domestic laws of the Member States concerning the taxes referred to in Article 2.

‘1. This Directive lays down the rules and procedures under which the Member States shall cooperate with each other and with the Commission with a view to exchanging information that is foreseeably relevant to the administration and enforcement of the domestic laws of the Member States concerning the taxes referred to in Article 2.’

Amendment    17

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 1 – point -a (new)

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 3 – point 2

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(-a) Article 3(2) is amended as follows:

(2) ‘central liaison office’ means the office which has been designated as such with principal responsibility for contacts with other Member States in the field of administrative cooperation;

‘(2) ‘central liaison office’ means: the office which has been designated as such with principal responsibility for contacts with other Member States and with the Commission in the field of administrative cooperation;’

Amendment    18

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 1 – point a

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 3 – point 9 – point a

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) for the purposes of Article 8(1) and Articles 8a and 8aa, the systematic communication of predefined information to another Member State, without prior request, at pre-established regular intervals; for the purposes of Article 8(1), reference to available information relates to information in the tax files of the Member State communicating the information, which is retrievable in accordance with the procedures for gathering and processing information in that Member State.

(a) for the purposes of Article 8(1) and Articles 8a and 8aa, the systematic communication of predefined information to another Member State and the Commission, without prior request, at pre-established regular intervals; for the purposes of Article 8(1), reference to available information relates to information in the tax files of the Member State communicating the information, which is retrievable in accordance with the procedures for gathering and processing information in that Member State. Those documents shall also be available to third countries. The work of sharing the reports with third countries has already begun under the OECD's Multinational Competent Authority Agreement, and it shall be guaranteed that third countries can get the required information from all Member States.

Justification

There is also a State aid dimension to unfair tax practices in the field of corporate taxation. The Commission, too, should therefore also have access to the information exchanged between Member State tax authorities in order to ensure compliance with the relevant competition rules.

Amendment    19

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 1 a (new)

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 4 – paragraph 6

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(1a) Article 4(6) is amended as follows:

6. Where a liaison department or a competent official sends or receives a request or a reply to a request for cooperation, it shall inform the central liaison office of its Member State under the procedures laid down by that Member State.

‘6. Where a liaison department or a competent official sends or receives a request or a reply to a request for cooperation, it shall inform the central liaison office of its Member State and the Commission under the procedures laid down by that Member State.’

Amendment    20

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 1 b (new)

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 6 – paragraph 2

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(1b) Article 6(2) is amended as follows:

2. The request referred to in Article 5 may contain a reasoned request for a specific administrative enquiry. If the requested authority takes the view that no administrative enquiry is necessary, it shall immediately inform the requesting authority of the reasons thereof.

‘2. The request referred to in Article 5 may contain a reasoned request for a specific administrative enquiry. If the requested authority takes the view that no administrative enquiry is necessary, it shall immediately inform the requesting authority and the Commission of the reasons thereof.’

Amendment    21

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 1 c (new)

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point e a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1c) In Article 8(1), the following point is added:

 

‘(ea) country-by-country reports,’

Amendment    22

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – point 2

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 8aa – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The competent authority of a Member State where the Country-by-Country Report was received pursuant to paragraph 1 shall, by means of automatic exchange, communicate the report to any other Member State in which, on the basis of the information in the country-by-country report, one or more Constituent Entities of the MNE Group of the Reporting Entity are either resident for tax purposes, or are subject to tax with respect to the business carried out through a permanent establishment within the deadline laid down in paragraph 4.

2. The competent authority of a Member State where the Country-by-Country Report was received pursuant to paragraph 1 shall, by means of automatic exchange, as soon as possible communicate the report to any other Member State in which, on the basis of the information in the country-by-country report, one or more Constituent Entities of the MNE Group of the Reporting Entity are either resident for tax purposes, or are subject to tax with respect to the business carried out through a permanent establishment within the deadline laid down in paragraph 4. The competent authority of the Member State concerned shall also communicate the country-by-country report to the Commission, which is responsible for the centralised register of country-by-country reports, available to its competent services.

Amendment    23

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 8aa – paragraph 3 – point a

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) aggregate information relating to the amount of revenue, profit (loss) before income tax, income tax paid, income tax accrued, stated capital, accumulated earnings, number of employees, and tangible assets other than cash or cash equivalents with regard to each jurisdiction in which the MNE Group operates;

(a) aggregate information relating to the amount of revenue, profit (loss) before income tax, income tax paid, income tax accrued, stated capital, accumulated earnings, number of employees, tangible assets other than cash or cash equivalents with regard to each jurisdiction in which the MNE Group operates, public subsidies received, the value of assets and annual cost of maintaining them, and sales and purchases made by the Group;

Amendment    24

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 2011/16/UE

Article 8aa – paragraph 3 – point b a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba) the future European tax identification number (TIN) of the MNE Group referred to in the Commission's 2012 Action Plan to strengthen the fight against fraud and tax evasion.

Amendment    25

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 2011/16/UE

Article 8aa – paragraph 4 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a. In order to enhance transparency for citizens, the Commission shall publish the country-by-country reports, based on the information contained in the centralised register of country-by-country reports. In doing so, the Commission shall comply with the provisions of Article 23a on confidentiality.

Amendment    26

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2 a (new)

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 9 – paragraph 1

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(2a) Article 9(1) is amended as follows:

1. The competent authority of each Member State shall communicate the information referred to in Article 1(1) to the competent authority of any other Member State concerned, in any of the following circumstances:

‘1. The competent authority of each Member State shall communicate the information referred to in Article 1(1) to the competent authority of any other Member State concerned and to the Commission, in any of the following circumstances:’

Amendment    27

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2 b (new)

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 9 – paragraph 2

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(2b) Article 9(2) is amended as follows:

2. The competent authorities of each Member State may communicate, by spontaneous exchange, to the competent authorities of the other Member States any information of which they are aware and which may be useful to the competent authorities of the other Member States.

‘2. The competent authorities of each Member State may communicate, by spontaneous exchange, to the competent authorities of the other Member States and to the Commission any information of which they are aware and which may be useful to the competent authorities of the other Member States.’

Amendment    28

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 4 a (new)

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 23 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a) Article 23(2) is amended as follows:

2. Member States shall communicate to the Commission any relevant information necessary for the evaluation of the effectiveness of administrative cooperation in accordance with this Directive in combating tax evasion and tax avoidance.

‘2. Member States shall communicate to the Commission any relevant information necessary for the evaluation of the effectiveness of administrative cooperation in accordance with this Directive in combating tax avoidance, tax evasion and tax fraud.’

Amendment    29

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5

Directive 2011/16/UE

Article 23 – paragraph 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Member States shall communicate to the Commission a yearly assessment of the effectiveness of the automatic exchange of information referred to in Article 8, Article 8a and 8aa as well as the practical results achieved. The Commission shall, by means of implementing acts, adopt the form and the conditions of communication of that yearly assessment. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 26(2).

3. Member States shall communicate to the Commission a yearly assessment of the effectiveness of the automatic exchange of information referred to in Article 8, Article 8a and 8aa as well as the practical results achieved. The Commission shall inform the European Parliament and the Council about those results in an appropriate manner, such as an annual consolidated report where the outcome and output of the reporting procedure are discussed. The Commission shall, by means of implementing acts, adopt the form and the conditions of communication of that yearly assessment. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 26(2).

Amendment    30

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5 a (new)

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 23 – paragraph 3 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a) In Article 23, the following paragraph is inserted:

 

'3a. The Commission shall submit a yearly consolidated report to the European Parliament and the Council concerning the Member States' yearly assessments of the effectiveness of the automatic exchange of information, as well as the practical results achieved.'

Amendment    31

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5 b (new)

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 23 – paragraph 3 b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5b) In Article 23, the following paragraph is inserted:

 

3b. In the event that the Commission's impact assessment on the consequences of public disclosure of country-by-country information determines that there are no negative consequences for MNE Groups, the Commission shall promptly propose legislation to make the information publicly available.

Amendment    32

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5 c (new)

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 24 – paragraph 1

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(5c) Article 24(1) is amended as follows:

1. Where the competent authority of a Member State receives from a third country information that is foreseeably relevant to the administration and enforcement of the domestic laws of that Member State concerning the taxes referred to in Article 2, that authority may, in so far as this is allowed pursuant to an agreement with that third country, provide that information to the competent authorities of Member States for which that information might be useful and to any requesting authorities.

1. Where the competent authority of a Member State receives from a third country information that is foreseeably relevant to the administration and enforcement of the domestic laws of that Member State concerning the taxes referred to in Article 2, that authority may, in so far as this is allowed pursuant to an agreement with that third country, provide that information to the competent authorities of Member States for which that information might be useful and to any requesting authorities, and to the Commission.

Amendment    33

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7 a (new)

Directive 2011/16/EU

Article 27 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7a) The following Article is inserted:

 

“Article 27a

 

Review

 

The Commission shall review the effectiveness of this Directive within three years after its entry into force.”

Amendment    34

Proposal for a directive

Annex – Annex III – Section II – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Where there are more than one Constituent Entities of the same MNE Group that are resident for tax purposes in the Union and one or more of the conditions set out in point (b) apply, the MNE Group may designate one of such Constituent Entities to file the country-by-country report conforming to the requirements of Article 8aa(1) with respect to any Reporting Fiscal Year within the deadline specified in Article 8aa(1) and to notify the Member State that the filing is intended to satisfy the filing requirement of all the Constituent Entities of such MNE Group that are resident for tax purposes in the Union. That Member State shall, pursuant to Article 8aa(2), communicate the country-by-country report received to any other Member State in which, on the basis of the information in the country-by-country Report, one or more Constituent Entities of the MNE Group of the Reporting Entity are either resident for tax purposes, or are subject to tax with respect to the business carried out through a permanent establishment.

Where there are more than one Constituent Entities of the same MNE Group that are resident for tax purposes in the Union and one or more of the conditions set out in point (b) apply, the MNE Group may designate one of such Constituent Entities, preferably the one with the highest turnover, to file the country-by-country report conforming to the requirements of Article 8aa(1) with respect to any Reporting Fiscal Year within the deadline specified in Article 8aa(1) and to notify the Member State that the filing is intended to satisfy the filing requirement of all the Constituent Entities of such MNE Group that are resident for tax purposes in the Union. That Member State shall, pursuant to Article 8aa(2), communicate the country-by-country report received to any other Member State in which, on the basis of the information in the country-by-country Report, one or more Constituent Entities of the MNE Group of the Reporting Entity are either resident for tax purposes, or are subject to tax with respect to the business carried out through a permanent establishment.

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

The challenge posed by cross-border tax avoidance, aggressive tax planning and harmful tax competition has increased considerably and has become a major focus of concern within the Union and at global level.

In its ECON and TAXE reports, the European Parliament called for increased transparency with regard to tax information to counter aggressive tax planning, notably by introducing country-by-country reporting (CbCR) for Multinational (MNE) Groups.

Under the current legal framework (Directive 2011/16/EU on administrative cooperation, currently DAC3), Member States do not yet share CbCR with one another.

An increase in transparency is therefore urgently required. The tools and mechanisms established by Council Directive 2011/16/EU need to be enhanced in order to achieve this.

The Commission proposal

The draft directive amends Directive 2011/16/EU on administrative cooperation, as amended most recently by Directive (EU) 2015/2376. It introduces a new Article into the existing Directive, setting out the scope and conditions for the mandatory automatic exchange of information of CbCR.

Specific aspects of the proposal

Scope of the proposal - threshold of MNEs

Multinational (MNE) Groups located in the EU or with operations in the EU, with total consolidated revenue equal or higher than € 750.000.000, will be obliged to file the country-by-country report.

The competent authority of the Member State that received the Country-by-Country Report shall, by automatic exchange, communicate the report to any other Member States in which one or more Constituent Entities of the MNE Group are either resident for tax purposes, or are subject to tax with respect to the business carried out through a permanent establishment.

Competent authority

The Country-by-Country Report has to be filed in the Member State in which the ultimate parent entity of the MNE Group or any other reporting entity is a resident for tax purposes.

The Member State will communicate the report to any other Member States in which one or more Constituent Entities of the MNE Group are either resident for tax purposes, or are subject to tax with respect to the business carried out through a permanent establishment.

Scope of the information exchanged

The Country-by-Country Report will include information for every tax jurisdiction in which the MNE group does business on the amount of revenue, the profit before income tax, the income tax paid and accrued, the number of employees, the stated capital, the retained earnings and the tangible assets.

Timeframe

As of 2017, the MNE group will have to file a Country-by-Country Report with respect to its reporting fiscal year on an annual basis, no later than 12 months after the last day of the reporting fiscal year of the MNE group.

Format / template

MNE groups will file the Country-by-Country report in accordance with the standard template as included in the Action 13 Report of the OECD.

The automatic exchange of information on Country by country report shall be carried out using the standard form. The information communicated shall be provided by electronic means using the CCN network.

Public disclosure

The current proposal does not foresee public disclosure of CbCR. However, the Commission announced the publication of the impact assessment of public Country-by-Country Reporting for April 2016, which may be accompanied by a proposal to impose public disclosure obligations on companies.

Some issues for discussion

Your rapporteur has a global positive assessment of the proposal, notably on the need for more transparency, the threshold of the MNEs obliged to provide CbCR, the designation of the competent authority, the scope of the information exchanged and the timeframe of the implementation and the reporting interval.

Your rapporteur in particular welcomes the proposal thus implements the OECD BEPS recommendation without creating double standards, which would have lead otherwise to unnecessary administrative burden and compliance costs.

Your rapporteur considers it appropriate to first introduce an AEOI on CBCR between national tax authorities, before possibly introducing a proposal for public disclosure of CbCR, but only if the impact assessment shows there are no adverse effects on the competitiveness of European businesses and the economy.

Furthermore, you rapporteur is of the opinion that the Commission should be a part of AEOI and should have access to CbCR, together with national tax authorities, while fully respecting the rules on confidentiality.

The Commission should on the basis of the Member States' annual assessment of the effectiveness of the AEOI on CBCR submit an annual report to the European Parliament and to the Council summarizing the main findings of the MS' national assessments, while respecting the confidentiality provisions outlined in the Directive.

Conclusion

The rapporteur welcomes the Commission's proposal as a positive step towards more transparency. He however considers that the proposal would gain in efficiency with the proposed amendments, extending the exchange of information to the European Commission, and calling upon the Commission to assess compliance of Member States with regard to EU state aid rules based on this information.

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Mandatory automatic exchange of information in the field of taxation

References

COM(2016)0025 – C8-0030/2016 – 2016/0010(CNS)

Date of consulting Parliament

11.2.2016

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ECON

25.2.2016

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

       Date announced in plenary

LIBE

25.2.2016

 

 

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

LIBE

17.2.2016

 

 

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Dariusz Rosati

21.1.2016

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

16.3.2016

25.4.2016

 

 

Date adopted

26.4.2016

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

45

0

11

Members present for the final vote

Gerolf Annemans, Hugues Bayet, Pervenche Berès, Esther de Lange, Markus Ferber, Jonás Fernández, Elisa Ferreira, Neena Gill, Roberto Gualtieri, Brian Hayes, Gunnar Hökmark, Danuta Maria Hübner, Cătălin Sorin Ivan, Othmar Karas, Georgios Kyrtsos, Alain Lamassoure, Philippe Lamberts, Werner Langen, Sander Loones, Bernd Lucke, Olle Ludvigsson, Ivana Maletić, Fulvio Martusciello, Bernard Monot, Luděk Niedermayer, Stanisław Ożóg, Dimitrios Papadimoulis, Sirpa Pietikäinen, Dariusz Rosati, Pirkko Ruohonen-Lerner, Alfred Sant, Molly Scott Cato, Peter Simon, Theodor Dumitru Stolojan, Paul Tang, Ramon Tremosa i Balcells, Ernest Urtasun, Marco Valli, Cora van Nieuwenhuizen, Jakob von Weizsäcker, Marco Zanni

Substitutes present for the final vote

Matt Carthy, Philippe De Backer, Mady Delvaux, Ashley Fox, Marian Harkin, Ian Hudghton, Sophia in ‘t Veld, Syed Kamall, Krišjānis Kariņš, Paloma López Bermejo, Emmanuel Maurel, Siôn Simon, Romana Tomc

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Daniela Aiuto, Virginie Rozière

Date tabled

28.4.2016

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