Procedure : 2017/0134(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0009/2018

Texts tabled :

A8-0009/2018

Debates :

Votes :

PV 31/01/2019 - 9.11

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2019)0056

REPORT     ***I
PDF 200kWORD 68k
30.1.2018
PE 612.210v03-00 A8-0009/2018

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the harmonisation of gross national income at market prices (GNI Regulation) repealing Council Directive 89/130/EEC, Euratom and Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003

(COM(2017)0329 – C8‑0192/2017 – 2017/0134(COD))

Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs

Rapporteur: Roberto Gualtieri

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the harmonisation of gross national income at market prices (GNI Regulation) repealing Council Directive 89/130/EEC, Euratom and Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003

(COM(2017)0329 – C8‑0192/2017 – 2017/0134(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2017)0329),

–  having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 338(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8‑0192/2017),

–  having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–  having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (A8-0009/2018),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment    1

AMENDMENTS BY THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT(1)*

to the Commission proposal

---------------------------------------------------------

Proposal for a

REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

on the harmonisation of gross national income at market prices (GNI Regulation) repealing Council Directive 89/130/EEC, Euratom and Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 338 (1) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments,

Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure,

Whereas:

(-1)  Gross national income at market prices (‘GNI’) constitutes the basis for calculating the largest share of own resources in the budget of the Union.

(1)  The increasing share of the Union's own resources based on GNI of the Member States makes it necessary to further reinforce the comparability, reliability and exhaustiveness of this aggregate.

(2)  Statistical integrity through respect of the principles of the European Statistics Code of Practice, as reviewed and updated by the European Statistical System Committee on 28 September 2011, and of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council(2) , is of particular importance where statistics are being used directly for administrative purposes and policymaking at Union, national and regional levels.

(3)  Those data are also an important analytical tool for the coordination of national economic policies and for various Union policies, as well as for research activities.

(4)  In accordance with Article 2 (7) of Council Decision 2014/335/EU, Euratom, for own resources purposes, GNI means an annual GNI at market price, as provided by Annex A of Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 (‘ESA 2010’). ▌In accordance with Article 10(1) of Council Decision 2014/335/EU, Euratom(3), and subject to Article 10(2) thereof, Council Decision 2007/436/EC, Euratom (4) was repealed.

(5)  It is essential that GNI data be comparable across Member States and therefore the relevant definitions and accounting rules of ESA 2010 should be complied with. For that purpose, the assessment procedures and the basic data actually used should permit the correct application of the definitions and accounting rules of ESA 2010.

(6)  It is essential that the sources and methods used to compile GNI are reliable. This means that sound techniques should be applied to robust, suitable and up-to-date basic statistics as much as possible.

(7)  It is essential that GNI data are exhaustive▌. Therefore, it should also take into account informal, unregistered and other activities and transactions that are not reported in statistical surveys or to fiscal, social and other administrative authorities. Improved GNI coverage presupposes developing suitable statistical bases and assessment procedures to produce reliable statistics and, where applicable, to make necessary adjustments.

(8)  In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Regulation by providing GNI data for own resources purposes, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission to take measures concerning the structure of the inventory of the sources and methods used to produce GNI data and its components▌. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council(5).

(8a)  In order to ensure the reliability, exhaustiveness, and highest possible degree of comparability of GNI data, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of the definition of the content of the inventory of the sources and methods used to produce GNI data, as well as measures ensuring the reliability, exhaustiveness and comparability of GNI data. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making(6). In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

(9)  Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 608/2014 (7) provides for inspections visits in Member States for the purpose of verifying own resources. In addition to those inspections, the Commission should be entitled to carry out GNI information visits in order to ensure that GNI data is comparable, reliable and exhaustive. The participation of representatives of national statistical authorities in GNI information visits to other Member States is essential in order to increase the transparency and accuracy of the ▌GNI process.

(10)  In accordance with Article 7 of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 the European Statistical System Committee (ESSC) has been asked to provide its professional guidance.

(11)  The GNI Committee referred to in Article 4 of Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003(8) has issued opinions, provided advice to, and assisted the Commission in the exercise of its implementing powers. Under the strategy for a new European Statistical System structure to improve coordination and partnership in a clear pyramid structure within the System, the European Statistical System Committee, established by Regulation (EC) No 223/2009, should have an advisory role and assist the Commission in exercising its implementing powers. To that effect, the GNI Committee should be replaced by the ESSC for the purpose of assisting the Commission in the exercise of its implementing powers under the current Regulation. Nevertheless, for the purposes of other functions previously undertaken by the GNI Committee under Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003, and not relating to assistance in the exercise of the implementing powers of the Commission, the Commission should establish a formal expert group to assist it for such other purposes.

(12)  Council Directive 89/130/EEC, Euratom(9) and Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003 have set up a procedure to verify and assess the comparability, reliability and exhaustiveness of GNP and GNI within the GNP and GNI Committees in which Member States and the Commission cooperate closely. This procedure should be adjusted to take account of the use of GNI according to ESA 2010 for the purposes of own resources, the revised timetable for making available own resources and recent developments within the European Statistical System. Those acts should therefore be repealed,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Chapter I

Definition and calculation of gross national income at market prices

Article 1

1. Gross national income at market prices (GNI) and gross domestic product at market prices (GDP) shall be defined in accordance with the European system of national and regional accounts (ESA 2010), set up by Regulation (EU) No 549/2013.

2. In accordance with point 8.89 of Annex A to Regulation (EU) No 549/2013, GDP means the final result of the production activity of resident producer units. It can be defined in three ways:

(a)  production approach: GDP is the sum of gross value added of the various institutional sectors or the various industries plus taxes and less subsidies on products (which are not allocated to sectors and industries). It is also the balancing item in the total economy production account;

(a)  expenditure approach: GDP is the sum of final uses of goods and services by resident institutional units (final consumption and gross capital formation) plus exports and minus imports of goods and services;

(b)  income approach: GDP is the sum of uses in the total economy generation of income account (compensation of employees, taxes on production and imports less subsidies, gross operating surplus and mixed income of the total economy).

3. In accordance with point 8.94 of Annex A to Regulation (EU) No 549/2013, GNI means the total primary income receivable by resident institutional units: compensation of employees, taxes on production and imports less subsidies, property income (receivable less payable), gross operating surplus and gross mixed income. GNI equals GDP minus primary income payable by resident institutional units to non-resident institutional units plus primary income receivable by resident institutional units from the rest of the world.

Chapter II

Forwarding of GNI data and additional information

Article 2

1. Member States shall calculate GNI as defined in Article 1 alongside national account data services.

2. Before the end of September of each year, Member States shall provide the Commission (Eurostat), in the context of national accounting procedures, with figures for aggregate GNI and its components, in accordance with the definitions referred to in Article 1. Totals for GDP and its components shall be presented in accordance with the three approaches referred to in Article 1(2). Data shall be transmitted for the preceding year and any additional changes made to the data for previous years shall be communicated at the same time.

3. The transmission of data referred to in paragraph 2 shall be accompanied by a report on the quality of GNI data. That report shall detail the methodology used to produce the data, and in particular describe any significant changes in the sources and methods used and explain the revisions made to earlier GNI estimates.

Article 3

1. ▌Member States shall provide the Commission (Eurostat) with an inventory of the sources and methods used to produce GNI data and its components according to ESA 2010.

1a. The Commission shall adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 6a supplementing this Regulation by defining the content of the inventory referred to in paragraph 1, as well as the timetable for its update.

2. The Commission shall adopt implementing acts setting out the detailed structure ▌of the inventory referred to in paragraph 1▌. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 7(2).

Chapter III

Procedures and checks on the calculation of GNI

Article 4

The Commission shall establish a formal expert group, composed of qualified representatives indicated by the Member States and chaired by a representative of the Commission, to advise the Commission on and to express its views regarding the comparability, reliability and exhaustiveness of GNI calculations, to monitor the implementation of this Regulation and to issue annual opinions on the appropriateness of the GNI data submitted by the Member States for own resources purposes.

Article 5

1. The Commission shall verify that the sources, their uses and the methods in the inventory referred to in Article 3(1) comply with ESA 2010. A verification model, drawn up by the Commission in close cooperation with the expert group referred to in Article 4, shall be used to that effect. The model shall be based on the principles of peer review and cost-effectiveness.

1a. GNI data shall be reliable, exhaustive and comparable.

The Commission shall adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 6a supplementing the provisions laid down in the first subparagraph by setting out measures ensuring the reliability, exhaustiveness, as well as the highest possible degree of comparability, of GNI data.

Article 6

1. Without prejudice to the inspections provided for in Article 2 of Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 608/2014, GNI information visits may, where deemed appropriate, be carried out in Member States by the Commission (Eurostat).

2. When carrying out information visits in Member States, the Commission (Eurostat) may and is encouraged to request the assistance of national accounts experts representing national statistical authorities.

The national accounts experts shall be registered on a list constituted on the basis of voluntary proposals sent to the Commission (Eurostat) by the national authorities responsible for the reporting of national accounts.

The participation of Member States in those visits is voluntary.

Article 6a

1. The power to adopt delegated acts is conferred on the Commission subject to the conditions laid down in this Article.

2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Articles 3(1a) and 5(1a) shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from ... [date of entry into force of this Regulation](10).

3. The delegation of power referred to in Articles 3(1a) and 5(1a) may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

4. Before adopting a delegated act, the Commission shall consult experts designated by each Member State in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making.

5. As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council.

6. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Articles 3(1a) and 5(1a) shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or by the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

Article 7

1. In implementing this Regulation, the Commission shall be assisted by the European Statistical System Committee established by Article 27(1) of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009. That committee shall be a committee within the meaning of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011.

2. Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply.

Chapter IV

Final provisions

Article 8

By 31 December 2022 at the latest, the Commission shall present a report to the European Parliament and the Council on the application of this Regulation.

Article 9

Directive 89/130/EEC, Euratom and Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003 are repealed.

References to the repealed acts shall be construed references to this Regulation and read in accordance with the correlation tables set out in the Annex to this Regulation.

Article 10

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels,

For the European Parliament  For the Council

The President  The President

(1)

* Amendments: new or amended text is highlighted in bold italics; deletions are indicated by the symbol ▌.

(2)

  Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics and repealing Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1101/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the transmission of data subject to statistical confidentiality to the Statistical Office of the European Communities, Council Regulation (EC) No 322/97 on Community Statistics, and Council Decision 89/382/EEC, Euratom establishing a Committee on the Statistical Programmes of the European Communities (OJ L 87, 31.3.2009, p. 164).

(3)

  Council Decision 2014/335/EU, Euratom of 26 May 2014 on the system of own resources of the European Union (OJ L 168, 7.6.2014, p. 105).

(4)

  Council Decision 2007/436/EC, Euratom of 7 June 2007 on the system of the European Communities’ own resources (OJ L 163, 23.6.2007, p. 17).

(5)

  Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by the Member States of the Commission's exercise of implementing powers (OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13).

(6)

  OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1.

(7)

  Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 608/2014 of 26 May 2014 laying down implementing measures for the system of own resources of the European Union (OJ L 168, 7.6.2014, p. 29).

(8)

  Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1287/2003 of 15 July 2003 on the harmonisation of gross national income at market prices (GNI Regulation) (OJ L 181, 19.7.2003, p. 1).

(9)

  Council Directive 89/130/EEC, Euratom of 13 February 1989 on the harmonisation of the compilation of gross national product at market prices (OJ L 49, 21.2.1989, p. 26).

(10)

Publication Office, please insert the correct date.


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Harmonisation of gross national income at market prices (GNI Regulation)

References

COM(2017)0329 – C8-0192/2017 – 2017/0134(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

20.6.2017

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ECON

3.7.2017

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

       Date announced in plenary

BUDG

3.7.2017

 

 

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

BUDG

29.6.2017

 

 

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Roberto Gualtieri

6.7.2017

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

6.11.2017

11.1.2018

 

 

Date adopted

24.1.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

53

4

0

Members present for the final vote

Gerolf Annemans, Burkhard Balz, Hugues Bayet, Pervenche Berès, Udo Bullmann, David Coburn, Esther de Lange, Markus Ferber, Jonás Fernández, Sven Giegold, Roberto Gualtieri, Brian Hayes, Cătălin Sorin Ivan, Barbara Kappel, Wajid Khan, Wolf Klinz, Philippe Lamberts, Werner Langen, Sander Loones, Bernd Lucke, Olle Ludvigsson, Ivana Maletić, Fulvio Martusciello, Gabriel Mato, Costas Mavrides, Bernard Monot, Caroline Nagtegaal, Luděk Niedermayer, Stanisław Ożóg, Dimitrios Papadimoulis, Sirpa Pietikäinen, Dariusz Rosati, Pirkko Ruohonen-Lerner, Anne Sander, Martin Schirdewan, Molly Scott Cato, Pedro Silva Pereira, Peter Simon, Kay Swinburne, Paul Tang, Ramon Tremosa i Balcells, Ernest Urtasun, Marco Valli, Tom Vandenkendelaere, Jakob von Weizsäcker, Marco Zanni

Substitutes present for the final vote

Enrique Calvet Chambon, Matt Carthy, Herbert Dorfmann, Paloma López Bermejo, Thomas Mann, Emmanuel Maurel, Luigi Morgano, Lieve Wierinck

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Edward Czesak, Manolis Kefalogiannis, Rainer Wieland

Date tabled

30.1.2018


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

53

+

ALDE

Enrique Calvet Chambon, Wolf Klinz, Caroline Nagtegaal, Ramon Tremosa i Balcells, Lieve Wierinck

ECR

Edward Czesak, Sander Loones, Bernd Lucke, Stanisław Ożóg, Pirkko Ruohonen-Lerner, Kay Swinburne

EFDD

Marco Valli

ENF

Barbara Kappel

GUE/NGL

Matt Carthy, Paloma López Bermejo, Dimitrios Papadimoulis, Martin Schirdewan

PPE

Burkhard Balz, Herbert Dorfmann, Markus Ferber, Brian Hayes, Manolis Kefalogiannis, Esther de Lange, Werner Langen, Ivana Maletić, Thomas Mann, Fulvio Martusciello, Gabriel Mato, Luděk Niedermayer, Sirpa Pietikäinen, Dariusz Rosati, Anne Sander, Tom Vandenkendelaere, Rainer Wieland

S&D

Hugues Bayet, Pervenche Berès, Udo Bullmann, Jonás Fernández, Roberto Gualtieri, Cătălin Sorin Ivan, Wajid Khan, Olle Ludvigsson, Emmanuel Maurel, Costas Mavrides, Luigi Morgano, Pedro Silva Pereira, Peter Simon, Paul Tang, Jakob von Weizsäcker

VERTS/ALE

Sven Giegold, Philippe Lamberts, Molly Scott Cato, Ernest Urtasun

4

-

EFDD

David Coburn

ENF

Gerolf Annemans, Bernard Monot, Marco Zanni

0

0

 

 

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

Last updated: 2 February 2018Legal notice