Procedure : 2017/0223(NLE)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0053/2018

Texts tabled :

A8-0053/2018

Debates :

Votes :

PV 17/04/2018 - 6.2

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2018)0093

RECOMMENDATION     ***
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5.3.2018
PE 613.406v02-00 A8-0053/2018

on the draft Council decision on the conclusion of a Protocol setting out the fishing opportunities and the financial contribution provided for by the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Mauritius

(12476/2017– C8‑0445/2017 – 2017/0223(NLE))

Committee on Fisheries

Rapporteur: Norica Nicolai

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on Budgets
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the draft Council decision on the conclusion of a Protocol setting out the fishing opportunities and the financial contribution provided for by the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Mauritius

(12476/2017 – C8‑0445/2017 – 2017/0223(NLE))

(Consent)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the draft Council decision (12476/2017)

–  having regard to the Protocol setting out the fishing opportunities and the financial contribution provided for by the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Mauritius (12479/2017);

–  having regard to the request for consent submitted by the Council in accordance with Article 43 and Article 218(6), second subparagraph, point (a) and Article 218(7) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (C8-0445/2017),

–  having regard to Rule 99(1) and (4) and Rule 108(7) of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the recommendation of the Committee on Fisheries and the opinion of the Committee on Budgets (A8-0053/2018),

1.  Gives its consent to conclusion of the Protocol;

2.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States and of the Republic of Mauritius.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

The Indian Ocean is the second-largest provider of tuna in the world and the biggest source of the tuna catches for the EU fleet. The biggest amount of catches in the IO consist of Yellowfin and bigeye tuna, which are mainly targeted by the Taiwanese fleet (70%), while the EU fleet accounts for only 8,9% of the total annual catches.

The Republic of Mauritius is an island state located in the Indian Ocean, 2 000 kilometres off the southeaster cost of continental Africa, has a land area of 2 040 km2, a maritime zone of 2.3 million km2 and an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of 1,86 million km2. The country includes the islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues, outer islands of St Brandon and Agaléga, and the disputed territories of Tromelin Island and Chagos Archipelago.

With a population of 1,27 million people, out of which 1,25 million live on the island of Mauritius and 38 000 on the island of Rodrigues, the country is trying to continue to reduce child mortality, improve healthcare and achieve more equitable income distribution.

Mauritius has a continuously growing economy, which only dropped from 4,6% annually to 3,2% during the global economic crisis, with the fishing sector bringing approximately 1.4% of the GDP of the country. The country’s development plan of 2015 includes fishery and ocean economy as one of the main pillars, with due respect for long term management and sustainable exploitation of the marine environment.

In 2007 the country adopted the Fisheries and Marine Resources Act - which entered into force in 2008, with the objective of providing better management, protection and conservation of marine resources. Although the Republic of Mauritius does not have patrol vessels, all fishing licenses request a functional Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) and cooperation with the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) has given the opportunity for patrolling missions. Furthermore, a restructuring and merge of the previous agencies and ministries into the Ministry of Ocean Economy, Marine Resources, Fisheries, Shipping and Outer Islands, together with the adoption of a new fisheries legislation, is due to bring the countries legislation in line with the IOC resolutions and to improve efficiency and management.

The first bilateral fishing agreement between EU and the Republic of Mauritius was done in 1989, and the latest fisheries Protocol started in 2014 and finished on 27 January 2017. The latest Protocol covered and annual reference tonnage of 5 500t/year, for an annual financial contribution of EUR 660 000, out of which EUR 302 500 were for the support and implementation of the countries fisheries and maritime policy.

The ex post evaluation of the previous Protocol shows that both parties have benefited from this framework, with the Mauritian government utilising the EU funds for sectorial support, a better EEZ protection and considerable progress in implementing its environmental policy and promoting sustainability. At the same time, the EU fleet has benefited from a more stable, predictable and clear framework, especially considering all the other SFPAs active in the region.

Based on the results of this ex post and ex ante report, a new Protocol between the EU and the Republic of Mauritius was initialled on 26 April 2017 covering a period of four years. The new Protocol is in line with the CFP objectives and its external dimension.

This Protocol providing fishing opportunities for 40 tuna seiners and 45 surface long-liners, as well as a maximum of 20 supply vessels to assist the operations of the EU fishing vessels.

The annually budgetary implication shall be of EUR 575 000, a total of EUR 2 300 000, divided as follows:

a)  a reference tonnage of 4 000 tonnes, for which an annual amount linked to access has been set at EUR 220 000;

b)  support for development of the sectorial fisheries policy of the Republic of Mauritius, amounting to EUR 220 000 annually; and

c)  support for development in the field of ocean economy, amounting to EUR 135 000 annually.

If the annual level of catches for the EU fishing vessels exceeds the annual reference tonnage, the financial contribution for each exceeding tonne caught will be of EUR 55, not exceeding twice the annual planned amount of EUR 220 000. In case this limit is exceeded, the amount exceeding it will be paid in the following year.

As part of the Protocol, the Republic of Mauritius will apply the same technical and conservation measures to all industrial fleets operating in its waters, in order to ensure a level playing field. At the same time, the Mauritius authorities will provide the EU relevant information regarding foreign fishing activities in its waters.

As regard to the respect of human rights, democratic principle and rule of law, EU and the Republic of Mauritius will implement this agreement in accordance with the Article 9 of the Cotonou Agreement.

In line with the CFP and the Mauritian fisheries and economic objectives, the Parties will co-operate in the field of fight against IUU, with the Protocol requesting EU vessels to report immediately any suspicious activity seen.

The Joint Committee, composed of representatives of both Parties, will establish, based on the national fisheries and maritime policy of Mauritius, both annual and multiannual objectives to be achieved in the development of responsible and sustainable fisheries. The Joint Committee will evaluate the progress of these objectives and can revise or suspend the financial contribution if the results are inconsistent with the programming.

Both Parties have agreed to comply with the regulations and recommendations of the IOC and to consider these, together with the best available scientific advice, when the Joint Committee agrees on the measures necessary to ensure sustainable management of Mauritius’ fishing resources, as far as the EU vessels are concerned.

This Protocol can be suspended or terminated at the initiative of any of the two parties, considering prior notification of three months and respectively six month was given in writing. The suspension can be initiated if one of the Parties does not comply with the provisions of the Protocol, if a breach of fundamental and human rights has occurred. Both suspension and termination procedure will initiate consultations between the EU and the Republic of Mauritius in order to find a diplomatic solution.


OPINION of the Committee on Budgets (23.2.2018)

for the Committee on Fisheries

on the draft Council decision on the conclusion of a Protocol setting out the fishing opportunities and the financial contribution provided for by the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Mauritius

12476/2017 – C8-0445/2017 – 2017/0223(NLE)

Rapporteur: Inese Vaidere

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

On the basis of the relevant negotiating directives, the Commission conducted negotiations with the Government of Mauritius with a view to concluding a new Protocol to the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Mauritius. Following these negotiations, a new Protocol was initialled on 26 April 2017. The Protocol covers a period of four years from the date of its provisional application, i.e. from the date on which it is signed, as it states in Article 15.

The first Protocol to the Fisheries Partnership Agreement set out, for a period of three years, the fishing opportunities granted to Union vessels in the fishing zone under the sovereignty or jurisdiction of Mauritius and the financial contribution granted by the European Union. The period of application of that Protocol expired on 27 January 2017.

The main aim of the new Protocol is to provide fishing opportunities for Union vessels in Mauritius waters, on the basis of the best available scientific advice and respecting the recommendations of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC), where applicable within the limits of the available surplus. The Commission based its position in part on the results of an evaluation of the previous Protocol (2014-2017) and a forward-looking assessment of whether a new Protocol should be concluded. Both were carried out by external experts. The Protocol will also enable the European Union and the Republic of Mauritius to work more closely on promoting a sustainable fisheries policy, sound exploitation of fisheries resources in Mauritius waters, and support Mauritius's efforts to develop its sustainable ocean economy, in the interests of both parties.

The new Protocol shall provide a total financial contribution of EUR 2 300 000 for the entire period (2017-2021).

This total financial contribution shall comprise:

•an annual amount for access to Mauritius waters of EUR 220 000 equivalent to a reference tonnage of 4000 tonnes per year;

•a specific amount of EUR 220 000 per year for the support and implementation of Mauritius' sectoral fisheries policy; and

•an additional amount of EUR 135 000 to support the development of maritime policy and ocean economy.

******

The Committee on Budgets calls on the Committee on Fisheries, as the committee responsible, to recommend that Parliament give its consent to the draft Council decision on the conclusion of a Protocol setting out the fishing opportunities and the financial contribution provided for by the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Mauritius.

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Protocol setting out the fishing opportunities and the financial contribution provided for by the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Mauritius

References

12476/2017 – C8-0445/2017 – COM(2017)04862017/0223(NLE)

Committee responsible

 

PECH

 

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

BUDG

14.12.2017

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Inese Vaidere

26.9.2017

Date adopted

22.2.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

27

3

1

Members present for the final vote

Nedzhmi Ali, Lefteris Christoforou, Gérard Deprez, Manuel dos Santos, André Elissen, José Manuel Fernandes, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Jens Geier, Esteban González Pons, John Howarth, Zbigniew Kuźmiuk, Vladimír Maňka, Siegfried Mureşan, Jan Olbrycht, Urmas Paet, Paul Rübig, Petri Sarvamaa, Jordi Solé, Patricija Šulin, Eleftherios Synadinos, Indrek Tarand, Isabelle Thomas, Inese Vaidere, Daniele Viotti, Tiemo Wölken, Marco Zanni

Substitutes present for the final vote

Xabier Benito Ziluaga, Jean-Paul Denanot, Ivana Maletić, Pavel Poc, Tomáš Zdechovský

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

27

+

ALDE

Nedzhmi Ali, Gérard Deprez, Urmas Paet

ECR

Zbigniew Kuźmiuk

PPE

Lefteris Christoforou, José Manuel Fernandes, Esteban González Pons, Ivana Maletić, Siegfried Mureşan, Jan Olbrycht, Paul Rübig, Petri Sarvamaa, Patricija Šulin, Inese Vaidere, Tomáš Zdechovský

S&D

Jean-Paul Denanot, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Jens Geier, John Howarth, Vladimír Maňka, Pavel Poc, Manuel dos Santos, Isabelle Thomas, Daniele Viotti, Tiemo Wölken

VERTS/ALE

Jordi Solé, Indrek Tarand

3

-

ENF

André Elissen

GUE/NGL

Xabier Benito Ziluaga

NI

Eleftherios Synadinos

1

0

ENF

Marco Zanni

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Protocol setting out the fishing opportunities and the financial contribution provided for by the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Mauritius

References

12476/2017 – C8-0445/2017 – COM(2017)04862017/0223(NLE)

Date of consultation / request for consent

13.12.2017

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

PECH

14.12.2017

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

       Date announced in plenary

BUDG

14.12.2017

 

 

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Norica Nicolai

12.10.2017

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

21.11.2017

24.1.2018

 

 

Date adopted

27.2.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

19

3

0

Members present for the final vote

Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Alain Cadec, David Coburn, Linnéa Engström, João Ferreira, Sylvie Goddyn, Mike Hookem, Carlos Iturgaiz, Werner Kuhn, António Marinho e Pinto, Gabriel Mato, Norica Nicolai, Liadh Ní Riada, Ulrike Rodust, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Remo Sernagiotto, Isabelle Thomas, Ruža Tomašić, Peter van Dalen, Jarosław Wałęsa

Substitutes present for the final vote

Norbert Erdős

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Liliana Rodrigues

Date tabled

5.3.2018


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

19

+

ALDE

António Marinho e Pinto, Norica Nicolai

ECR

Peter van Dalen, Remo Sernagiotto, Ruža Tomašić

GUE/NGL

João Ferreira, Liadh Ní Riada

PPE

Alain Cadec, Norbert Erdős, Carlos Iturgaiz, Werner Kuhn, Gabriel Mato, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Jarosław Wałęsa

S&D

Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Liliana Rodrigues, Ulrike Rodust, Isabelle Thomas

VERTS/ALE

Linnéa Engström

3

-

EFDD

David Coburn, Mike Hookem

ENF

Sylvie Goddyn

0

0

 

 

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

Last updated: 4 April 2018Legal notice