Níl an doiciméad seo ar fáil i do theanga féin. Roghnaítear teanga eile as na teangacha atá ar fáil.

Nós Imeachta : 2017/0114(COD)
Céimeanna an doiciméid sa chruinniú iomlánach
An doiciméad roghnaithe : A8-0202/2018

Téacsanna arna gcur síos :

A8-0202/2018

Díospóireachtaí :

PV 24/10/2018 - 21
CRE 24/10/2018 - 20
CRE 24/10/2018 - 21

Vótaí :

PV 25/10/2018 - 13.7
Mínithe ar vótaí

Téacsanna arna nglacadh :

P8_TA(2018)0423

REPORT     ***I
PDF 1212kWORD 202k
7.6.2018
PE 615.363v04-00 A8-0202/2018

on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 1999/62/EC on the charging of heavy goods vehicles for the use of certain infrastructures

(COM(2017)0275 – C8-0171/2017 – 2017/0114(COD))

Committee on Transport and Tourism

Rapporteur: Christine Revault d'Allonnes Bonnefoy

Rapporteur for the opinion (*):

Seb Dance, Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

(*) Associated committee – Rule 54 of the Rules of Procedure

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 ANNEX: LIST OF ENTITIES OR PERSONSFROM WHOM THE RAPPORTEUR HAS RECEIVED INPUT
 OPINION of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 1999/62/EC on the charging of heavy goods vehicles for the use of certain infrastructures

(COM(2017)0275 – C8-0171/2017 – 2017/0114(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2017)0275),

–  having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 91(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8-0171/2017),

–  having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–  having regard to the reasoned opinion submitted, within the framework of Protocol No 2 on the application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality, by the Austrian Federal Council, asserting that the draft legislative act does not comply with the principle of subsidiarity,

–  having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 18 October 2017(1),

–  having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions of 1 February 2018(2),

–  having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on Transport and Tourism and the opinion of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (A8-0202/2018),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment    1

Proposal for a directive

Recital 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1a)  In that White Paper, the Commission set a deadline for 2020 to "proceed to the full and mandatory internalisation of external costs (including noise, local pollution and congestion on top of the mandatory recovery of wear and tear costs) for road and rail transport".

Amendment    2

Proposal for a directive

Recital 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1b)  The movement of goods and passenger vehicles is a factor that contributes to the release of pollutants into the atmosphere. Such pollutants, which have a very serious impact on people’s health and lead to the deterioration of ambient air quality in the Union, include PM2,5, NO2, and O3. In 2014, those three pollutants caused 399 000, 75 000, and 13 600 premature deaths in the Union owing to prolonged exposure, respectively, according to European Environment Agency estimates produced in 2017.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a directive

Recital 1 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1c)  According to the World Health Organization, noise from road traffic alone ranks second among the most harmful environmental stressors in Europe, exceeded only by air pollution. At least 9 000 premature deaths a year can be attributed to heart disease caused by traffic noise.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a directive

Recital 1 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1d)  According to the European Environment Agency’s 2017 report on air quality in Europe, road transport, in 2015, was the sector with the highest NOx emissions and the second largest emitter of black carbon pollution.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a directive

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) All heavy duty vehicles have significant impact on road infrastructure and contribute to air pollution, while light duty vehicles are at the source of the majority of the negative environmental and social impacts from road transport related to emissions and congestion. In the interest of equal treatment and fair competition, it should be ensured that vehicles so far not covered by the framework set out in Directive 1999/62/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council15 in respect of tolls and user charges are included into this framework. The scope of that Directive should therefore be extended to heavy duty vehicles other than those intended for the carriage of goods and to light duty vehicles, including passenger cars.

(3) All vehicles have significant impact on road infrastructure and contribute to air pollution, and light vehicles are at the source of the majority of the negative environmental and social impacts from road transport related to emissions and congestion. In the interest of equal treatment and fair competition, it should be ensured that vehicles so far not covered by the framework set out in Directive 1999/62/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council15 in respect of tolls and user charges are included into this framework. The scope of that Directive should therefore be extended to heavy duty vehicles other than those intended for the carriage of goods and to light duty vehicles, passenger cars and motorcycles. Charges for passenger cars could be adjusted so as to avoid excessive penalisation of frequent users. In the interest of equal treatment, charges should also be applied in a non-discriminatory manner, on the basis of category of vehicle, and differently, depending on vehicle impact on infrastructures and on the environment and society, and on the socioeconomic circumstances of certain users with no other choice but to go by road to their place of employment.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a directive

Recital 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a)  To establish an internal market in road transport with a level playing field, rules should be applied uniformly. One of the main aims of this Directive is to eliminate distortions of competition between users. Accordingly, vans carrying goods by road ought to be included in the scope of charges applied to heavy duty vehicles.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a directive

Recital 3 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3b)  In order to guarantee that such a measure is proportionate, it is important to target only vans used to carry goods by road that are regulated by Regulations (EU) No 1071/20091a and 1072/20091b of the European Parliament and of the Council and by Regulation (EU) No 165/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council1c.

 

_________________

 

1a Regulation (EC) No 1071/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 establishing common rules concerning the conditions to be complied with to pursue the occupation of road transport operator and repealing Council Directive 96/26/EC (OJ L 300, 14.11.2009, p. 51).

 

1b Regulation (EC) No 1072/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 on common rules for access to the international road haulage market (OJ L 300, 14.11.2009, p. 72).

 

1c Regulation (EU) No 165/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 February 2014 on tachographs in road transport, repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 3821/85 on recording equipment in road transport and amending Regulation (EC) No 561/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the harmonisation of certain social legislation relating to road transport (OJ L 60, 28.2.2014, p. 1).

Amendment    8

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) Time-based user charges do by nature not accurately reflect infrastructure costs actually induced and, for similar reasons, are not effective when it comes to incentivising cleaner and more efficient operations, or reducing congestion. They should therefore be gradually replaced by distance-based charges, which are fairer, more efficient and more effective.

(4) Time-based user charges do by nature not accurately reflect infrastructure costs actually induced and, for similar reasons, are not effective when it comes to incentivising cleaner and more efficient operations, or reducing congestion. For heavy vehicles, time-based user charges should therefore be gradually replaced by distance-based charges, which are fairer, more efficient and more effective.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a)  The development and/or maintenance of charging schemes based on distance travelled should go hand in hand with the designation of an independent supervisory authority in each Member State in order to check the proper operation of national charging schemes so as to guarantee transparency and non-discrimination and verify that toll rates and the use made of toll revenues are in accordance with the provisions of this Directive. Each Member State should be able to designate the independent supervisory authority in keeping with the specific characteristics of its national network.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4b)  In order to ensure that this gradual replacement of time-based charges with distance-based charges does not become a further obstacle to access to the main European markets for transport from peripheral countries and regions, a compensation system should be put in place as soon as possible in order to counterbalance the added costs and thereby ensure that it does not represent a significant loss of competitiveness.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4c)  In order to prevent traffic from switching to toll-free roads, which may have a serious impact on road safety and the optimum use of the road network, Member States must be able to levy tolls on all roads which are in direct competition with the trans-European networks.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4d)  Time-based user charges encourage drivers to travel more when their vignette is valid, thus making them misapply the ‘polluter pays’ principle and the ‘user pays’ principle.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4 e (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4e)  To ensure that this Directive is properly applied, the contractual frameworks governing concession contracts for road charge collection should make it easier, with due regard for Directive 2014/23/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council, to bring those contracts into line with changes in the Union’s regulatory framework.

 

 

Amendment    14

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4 f (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4f)  In this connection, consideration should be given to the possibility of offsetting the added costs arising from remoteness by means of facilities as regards access to more energy-efficient fleets and the priority provision of exclusive infrastructure or technologies such as e-highways. Those compensating facilities could form part of the future CEF post-2020.

Amendment    15

Proposal for a directive

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) In order to secure user acceptance of future road charging schemes, Member States should be allowed to introduce adequate systems for the collection of charges as part of a wider package of mobility services. Such systems should ensure a fair distribution of infrastructure costs and reflect the 'polluter pays' principle. Any Member States introducing such a system should ensure that it complies with the provisions of Directive 2004/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council.

(5) In order to secure user acceptance of future road charging schemes, Member States should be allowed to introduce adequate systems for the collection of charges as part of a wider package of mobility services. Such systems should ensure a fair distribution of infrastructure costs and reflect the 'polluter pays' principle and incorporate arrangements for ring-fencing the receipts from the user charges. In that connection, Member States should also be free to levy tolls on roads which do not form part of the main transport network. Any Member States introducing such a system should ensure that it complies with the provisions of Directive 2004/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

Amendment    16

Proposal for a directive

Recital 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a) Member States should be encouraged to take into account socioeconomic factors when applying road infrastructure charging schemes for passenger cars.

Amendment    17

Proposal for a directive

Recital 5 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5b)  The levying of charges on all road users by electronic means involves the mass collection and storage of personal data, which can also be used to draw up comprehensive movement profiles. The Member States and the Commission should systematically take account of the principles of purpose limitation and data minimisation when implementing this Directive. Technical solutions for the collection of data in connection with the levying of road-use charges should therefore incorporate anonymised, encrypted or advance payment options.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a directive

Recital 5 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5c)  Vehicle taxes might act as an obstacle to the introduction of tolls. To provide backing for the introduction of tolls, Member States should have greater leeway to lower vehicle taxes quickly, meaning a reduction, as soon as possible, of the minimum rates set out in Directive 1999/62/EC.

Amendment    19

Proposal for a directive

Recital 5 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5d)  To ensure harmonised application of the provisions of this Directive and monitor its impact on the functioning of the European area of free movement and on the interoperability of toll systems, the supervision of that interoperability should be entrusted to a European road transport agency. That agency could be tasked inter alia with monitoring implementation of the provisions of this Directive and could act in the event of distortions of the proper functioning of the internal road-transport market or in the event of obstacles to the free movement of passengers.

Amendment    20

Proposal for a directive

Recital 5 e (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5e)  It is of particular importance that the Member States establish a fair charging system which does not penalise users of private vehicles which, due to their place of residence in the countryside or in areas that are difficult of access or isolated, are forced to make more regular use of roads subject to charging. Under territorial development policy, Member States should levy reduced charges on users from such areas.

Amendment    21

Proposal for a directive

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6) As in respect of heavy duty vehicles, it is important to ensure that any time-based charges applied to light duty vehicles are proportionate, including in respect of periods of use shorter than one year. In that regard, account needs to be taken of the fact that light duty vehicles have a use pattern differing from the use pattern of heavy duty vehicles. The calculation of proportionate time-based charges could be based on available data on trip patterns.

(6) As in respect of heavy duty vehicles, it is important to ensure that, if Member States introduce any time-based charges applied to light duty vehicles, they are proportionate, including in respect of periods of use shorter than one year. In that regard, account needs to be taken of the fact that light duty vehicles have a use pattern differing from the use pattern of heavy duty vehicles. The calculation of proportionate time-based charges could be based on available data on trip patterns, provided that it ensures non-discrimination.

Amendment    22

Proposal for a directive

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) Pursuant to Directive 1999/62/EC, an external-cost charge may be imposed at a level close to the social marginal cost of the usage of the vehicle in question. That method has proven to be the fairest and most efficient way to take account of negative environmental and health impacts of air pollution and noise generated by heavy duty vehicles, and would ensure a fair contribution from heavy duty vehicles to meeting EU air quality standards17 and any applicable noise limits or targets. The application of such charges should therefore be facilitated.

(7) Pursuant to Directive 1999/62/EC, an external-cost charge consistent with the polluter-pays principle should be imposed at a level close to the social marginal cost of the usage of the vehicle in question. That method has proven to be the fairest and most efficient way to take account of negative environmental and health impacts of air pollution and noise generated by heavy duty vehicles, and would ensure a fair contribution from heavy duty vehicles to meeting EU air quality standards17 and any applicable noise limits or targets. The application of such charges should therefore be facilitated.

Amendment    23

Proposal for a directive

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) To this effect, the maximum weighted average external-cost charges should be replaced by readily applicable reference values updated in light of inflation, the scientific progress made in estimating the external costs of road transport and the evolution of the fleet composition.

(8) To this effect, the possibility of applying an external-cost charge on networks not covered by an infrastructure charge should be introduced and the maximum weighted average external-cost charges should be replaced by readily applicable minimum values updated in light of inflation, the scientific progress made in estimating the external costs of road transport and the evolution of the fleet composition.

Amendment    24

Proposal for a directive

Recital 8 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(8a)  To help realise the transport White Paper objective of moving towards full application of the ‘polluter pays’ principle, it should be ensured that, on networks covered by an infrastructure charge, an external-cost charge is applied for heavy duty vehicles and vans carrying goods by road.

Amendment    25

Proposal for a directive

Recital 8 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(8b) In order to ensure an appropriate re-use of revenues from external-cost charges, it would be appropriate for those revenues to be reinvested in the transport infrastructure sector in order to promote more sustainable modes of transport with a lower environmental impact.

Amendment    26

Proposal for a directive

Recital 8 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(8c)   The ‘Handbook on External Costs of Transport’ of the Commission Directorate General for Transport and Mobility should be considered as a basis for fixing minimum values for the internalisation of external costs.

Amendment    27

Proposal for a directive

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) The variation of infrastructure charges according to Euro emission class has contributed to the use of cleaner vehicles. However, with the renewal of vehicle fleets, the variation of charges on this basis on the inter-urban network is expected to become obsolete by the end of 2020 and should therefore be phased out by that time. From the same point in time, external-cost charging should be applied more systematically, as a targeted means to recover external cost in respect of situations in which it matters most.

(9) The variation of infrastructure charges according to Euro emission class has contributed to the use of cleaner vehicles. However, with the renewal of vehicle fleets, the variation of charges on this basis on the inter-urban network is expected to become less effective by the end of 2020 and should therefore be phased out by that time. From the same point in time, external-cost charging should be applied more systematically, as a targeted means to recover external cost in respect of situations in which it matters most.

Amendment    28

Proposal for a directive

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12)  In order to promote the use of the cleanest and most efficient vehicles, Member States should apply significantly reduced road tolls and user charges to those vehicles.

(12)  In order to promote the use of the cleanest and more efficient vehicles, Member States should apply significantly reduced road tolls and user charges to those vehicles. To facilitate and speed up the implementation of such schemes, those reductions ought to be applied regardless of the entry into force of Commission Regulation (EU) …/… implementing Regulation (EU) No 595/2009 as regards the certification of the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles. Zero-emission vehicles should not be subject to any external-cost charge related to air pollution.

Amendment    29

Proposal for a directive

Recital 12 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(12a)  Trans-Alpine transit represents a particular problem for the regions affected, in the form of noise and air pollution and wear and tear on infrastructure, which is exacerbated by cost competition with nearby corridors. The regions affected and the Member States must therefore be afforded a broad measure of flexibility when it comes to the charging of external costs and the implementation of traffic-management measures, not least with a view to preventing unwanted displacement effects and the diversion of traffic between corridors.

Amendment    30

Proposal for a directive

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13)  Road congestion, to which all motor vehicles contribute in different proportions, represents a cost of about 1% of GDP. A significant part of this cost can be attributed to interurban congestion. A specific congestion charge should therefore be allowed, on condition that it is applied to all vehicle categories. In order to be effective and proportionate, the charge should be calculated on the basis of the marginal congestion cost and differentiated according to location, time and vehicle category. In order to maximise the positive effect of congestion charges, corresponding revenues should be allocated to projects addressing the sources of the problem.

(13)  Road congestion, to which all motor vehicles contribute in different proportions, represents a cost of about 1% of GDP. A significant part of this cost can be attributed to interurban congestion. A specific congestion charge should therefore be allowed, on condition that it is applied to all vehicle categories. In order to be effective, proportionate and non-discriminatory, the charge should be calculated on the basis of the marginal congestion cost and differentiated according to location, time and vehicle category. Similarly, balancing and compensatory formulae need to be found that do not discriminate against workers living on the outskirts of cities, who would already have to bear the costs of both user charges and tolls. In order to maximise the positive effect of congestion charges, corresponding revenues should be allocated to projects addressing the sources of the problem.

Amendment    31

Proposal for a directive

Recital 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13a) To help safeguard the Union’s automobile heritage, Member States should place vehicles of historical interest in a special category for the purposes of adjusting the various charges payable under this Directive.

Amendment    32

Proposal for a directive

Recital 15 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(15a)  In view of the high external costs of accidents, which amount to tens of billions of euros a year, Member States should be given the possibility, in connection with the provisions on the average social cost of fatal and serious accidents under Directive 2008/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council1a, of better internalising costs not covered by insurance arrangements. A proportion of those costs would be met by the relevant social security scheme or by society as a whole, such as the administrative costs of public services drawn on, certain costs of medical services drawn on, and human capital losses and the cost of physical and psychological harm.

 

_____________

 

1a Directive 2008/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on road infrastructure safety management (OJ L 319, 29.11.2008, p. 59).

Amendment    33

Proposal for a directive

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16)  Mark-ups added to the infrastructure charge could also provide a useful contribution to addressing problems related to significant environmental damage or congestion caused by the use of certain roads, not only within mountainous areas. The current restriction of mark-ups to such areas should therefore be removed. In order to avoid double charging of users, mark-ups should be excluded on road sections on which a congestion charge is applied.

(16)  Mark-ups added to the infrastructure charge could also provide a useful contribution to addressing problems related to significant environmental damage or congestion caused by the use of certain roads, not only within mountainous areas. Mark-ups should therefore be facilitated by removing the current restrictions limiting them to such areas, as should the allocation thereof to projects within the core network of the trans-European transport network. In order to avoid double charging of users, mark-ups should be more strictly limited on road sections on which a congestion charge is applied. The maximum level should also be adapted to differing circumstances.

Amendment    34

Proposal for a directive

Recital 17 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(17a)  As in respect to light duty vehicles, it is important to ensure that this Directive does not hamper the free movement of citizens . Member States should be allowed to introduce discounts and reductions when road users are disproportionally affected by charges due to geographical or social reasons.

Amendment    35

Proposal for a directive

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18)  In order to exploit potential synergies among existing road charging systems so as to reduce operating costs, the Commission should be fully involved in the cooperation among Member States intending to introduce common road charging schemes.

(18)  In order to exploit potential synergies among existing road charging systems so as to reduce operating costs, the Commission should be fully involved in the cooperation among Member States intending to introduce common and interoperable road charging schemes.

Amendment    36

Proposal for a directive

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)  Road charges can mobilise resources that contribute to the financing of the maintenance and development of high quality transport infrastructure. It is therefore appropriate to incentivise Member States to use revenues from road charges accordingly and, to this end, to require that they adequately report on the use of such revenues. That should in particular help identifying possible financing gaps, and raising the public acceptance of road charging.

(19)  Road charges mobilise resources that contribute to the financing and cross-financing of alternative transport infrastructure projects and the maintenance and development of high quality transport infrastructures and services. It is therefore appropriate for Member States to use revenues from road charges accordingly and that they be required to adequately report on the use of such revenues. Revenues from infrastructure charges and external cost charges should therefore be reinvested in the transport sector. That should in particular help identifying possible financing gaps, and raising the public acceptance of road charging.

Amendment    37

Proposal for a directive

Recital 21

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21)  It is necessary to ensure that external-cost charges continue to reflect the cost of air pollution and noise generated by heavy duty vehicles as accurately as possible without rendering the charging scheme excessively complex, to incentivise the use of the most fuel-efficient vehicles, and to keep the incentives effective and the differentiation of road charges up-to-date. Therefore, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission for the purpose of adapting the reference values for external cost charging to scientific progress, defining the modalities for the revenue-neutral variation of infrastructure charges according to the CO2 emissions from heavy duty vehicles, and adapting the modalities of the variation of infrastructure charges for light duty vehicles to technical progress. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making of 13 April 201621. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

(21)  It is necessary to ensure that external-cost charges continue to reflect the cost of air pollution and noise generated by heavy duty vehicles as accurately as possible without rendering the charging scheme excessively complex, to incentivise the use of the most fuel-efficient vehicles, and to keep the incentives effective and the differentiation of road charges up-to-date. Therefore, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission for the purpose of adapting the minimum values for external cost charging to scientific progress, defining the modalities for the revenue-neutral variation of infrastructure charges according to the CO2 emissions from heavy duty vehicles, and adapting the modalities of the variation of infrastructure charges for light vehicles to technical progress. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making of 13 April 201621. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

Amendment    38

Proposal for a directive

Recital 21 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(21a)  No later than two years after the entry into force of the Directive, the Commission will put forward a generally applicable, transparent and clear framework for the internalisation of environmental, congestion and health costs that will form the basis for future calculations of infrastructure charges. In this connection, the Commission should be able to propose a model accompanied by an analysis of the impact on external-cost internalisation for all transport modes. As regards proportionality, account must be taken of all modes in connection with external-cost charging.

Amendment    39

Proposal for a directive

Recital 21 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(21b)   In the interest of transparency, it would be appropriate for Member States to disclose to road users the results achieved by the reinvestment of infrastructure charges, external-cost charges and congestion charges. They should therefore announce the benefits obtained in terms of improved road safety, reduced environmental impact and reduced traffic congestion.

Amendment    40

Proposal for a directive

Title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Directive 1999/62/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 1999 on the charging of vehicles for the use of road infrastructures;

Directive 1999/62/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 1999 on the distance based charging of vehicles for the use of road infrastructures;

Amendment    41

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 2 – point a

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  new infrastructure or new infrastructure improvements, including significant structural repairs;

(a)  new infrastructure or new infrastructure improvements, including significant structural repairs or alternative transport infrastructure for modal shift;

Amendment    42

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 6

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6)  ‘toll’ means a specified amount based on the distance travelled on a given infrastructure and on the type of the vehicle, the payment of which confers the right for a vehicle to use the infrastructures, comprising an infrastructure charge, and as the case may be a congestion charge or an external-cost charge or both;

(6)  ‘toll’ means a specified amount based on the distance travelled on a given infrastructure and on the type of the vehicle, the payment of which confers the right for a vehicle to use the infrastructures, comprising one or more of the following charges: an infrastructure charge, or an external-cost charge;

Amendment    43

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 11

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11)  ‘cost of traffic-based air pollution’ means the cost of the damage caused by the release of particulate matter and of ozone precursors, such as nitrogen oxide and volatile organic compounds, in the course of the operation of a vehicle;

(11)  ‘cost of traffic-based air pollution’ means the cost of the harm to human health and of the damage caused to the environment by the release of particulate matter and of ozone precursors, such as nitrogen oxide and volatile organic compounds, in the course of the operation of a vehicle;

Amendment    44

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 12

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12)  ‘cost of traffic-based noise pollution’ means the cost of the damage caused by the noise emitted by the vehicles or created by their interaction with the road surface;

(12)  ‘cost of traffic-based noise pollution’ means the cost of the harm to human health and of the damage caused to the environment by the noise emitted by the vehicles or created by their interaction with the road surface;

Amendment  45

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 15

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15)  ‘vehicle’ means a motor vehicle, with four wheels or more, or articulated vehicle combination intended or used for the carriage by road of passengers or goods;

(15)  ‘vehicle’ means a motor vehicle, with two wheels or more, or articulated vehicle combination intended or used for the carriage by road of passengers or goods;

Amendment    46

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 18 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(18a)  ‘light vehicle’ means a light duty vehicle, a passenger car or a motorcycle;

Amendment    47

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 19

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)  ‘light duty vehicle’ means a passenger car, a minibus or van;

(19)  ‘light duty vehicle’ means a minibus, a van or a van intended for the carriage of goods;

Amendment    48

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 20 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(20a)  'vehicle of historical interest' a vehicle that is of historical interest within the meaning of Article 3(7) of Directive 2014/45/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council*

 

_______________

 

* Directive 2014/45/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers and repealing Directive 2009/40/EC (OJ L 127, 29.4.2014, p. 51).

Amendment    49

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 22

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22)  ‘van’ means a vehicle intended for the carriage of goods, and having a maximum permissible mass not exceeding 3,5 tonnes;

(22)  ‘van’ means a vehicle other than a passenger car having a maximum permissible mass not exceeding 3,5 tonnes;

Amendment    50

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 22 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(22a)  ‘van intended for the carriage of goods’ means a vehicle, engaged in the occupation of road transport operator as set out in Regulation (EC) 1071/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council* , and with a maximum permissible laden mass of between 2.4 and 3.5 tonnes and a height of more than 2 metres.

 

______________

 

* Regulation (EC) No 1071/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 establishing common rules concerning the conditions to be complied with to pursue the occupation of road transport operator and repealing Council Directive 96/26/EC (OJ L 300, 14.11.2009, p. 51).

Amendment    51

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 22 b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(22b) ‘zero-emission operation’ means a vehicle that operates with no tailpipe exhaust emissions during the entirety of a covered road network, in a verifiable manner;

Amendment    52

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1point 23 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(23a)  ‘motorcycle’ means a two-wheeled vehicle, with or without side-car, and any tricycle and any quadricycle in categories L3e, L4e, L5e, L6e and L7e referred to in Regulation (EU) No 168/2013;

Amendment    53

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 27

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(27)  ‘concession contract’ means a ‘public works contract’ as defined in Article 1 of Directive 2014/24/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council**;

(27)  ‘concession contract’ means a 'concession' as defined in Article 5 (1) of Directive 2014/23/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council;

 

_______________

 

Directive 2014/23/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on the award of concession contracts (OJ L 94, 28.3.2014, p. 1)

Amendment    54

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 29

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(29)  ‘substantially amended tolling or charging arrangement’ means a tolling or charging arrangement, which has been amended in such a way that costs or revenues are affected by at least 5% in comparison with the previous year, after correcting for inflation measured by changes in the EU-wide Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, and excluding energy and unprocessed food, as published by the Commission (Eurostat).

(29)  ‘substantially amended tolling or charging arrangement’ means a tolling or charging arrangement, which has been amended in such a way that costs or revenues are affected by at least 15% in comparison with the previous year, after correcting for inflation measured by changes in the EU-wide Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices, and excluding energy and unprocessed food, as published by the Commission (Eurostat). In concession contracts, modifications that fulfil the criteria of paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 43 of Directive 2014/23/EU shall not be considered to be substantial.

Justification

Il convient d'éviter une définition trop restrictive des modifications substantielles afin d'éviter un alourdissement excessif de la charge administrative pour les autorités compétentes. Cet amendement vise à faciliter les modulations des systèmes de péage, notamment afin d'appliquer plus facilement les dispositions de la présente directive, en évitant que toutes les modifications des dispositifs de péage soient notifiées à la Commission. Cet amendement permet également de mieux aligner la définition des modifications substantielles avec la Directive 2014/23/UE sur l’attribution de contrats de concession.

Amendment    55

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2 (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 29 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(29a)  ‘cross-financing’ means the financing of efficient, alternative transport infrastructure projects from revenues from tolls and infrastructure charges on existing transport infrastructure;

Amendment    56

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 29 b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(29b)  ‘Member States’ means all Member State authorities, i.e. central-government authorities, authorities within a federal state and other territorial authorities empowered to ensure compliance with Union law.

Amendment    57

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – point b

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  costs of infrastructure or infrastructure improvements may include any specific expenditure on infrastructure designed to reduce nuisance related to noise or to improve road safety and actual payments made by the infrastructure operator corresponding to objective environmental elements such as protection against soil contamination.

(b)  costs of infrastructure or infrastructure improvements may include any specific expenditure, including that incurred as a result of new regulatory requirements, designed to reduce nuisance related to noise, to introduce innovative technologies or to improve road safety and actual payments made by the infrastructure operator corresponding to objective environmental elements such as protection against soil contamination.

Amendment    58

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2 a (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 6 – paragraph 2 – point b a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a)  In Article 6(2), new point (ba) is added:

 

“(ba)  vehicles of historical interest;”

Amendment    59

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 3

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7 – paragraph 6

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6.  Without prejudice to paragraph 9, from 1 January 2018, Member States shall not introduce user charges for heavy duty vehicles. User charges introduced before that date may be maintained until 31 December 2023.

6.  Without prejudice to paragraph 9, from [the date of entry into force of this Directive], Member States shall not introduce user charges for heavy duty vehicles and vans intended for the carriage of goods. User charges introduced before that date may be maintained until 31 December 2022 and shall be replaced by infrastructure charges from 1st January 2023 on the road network covered by this Directive.

Amendment    60

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 3

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7 – paragraph 7

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

7.  From [the date of entry into force of this Directive], Member States shall not introduce user charges for light duty vehicles. User charges introduced before that date shall be phased out by 31 December 2027.

7.  From [the date of entry into force of this Directive], Member States shall not introduce user charges for light vehicles. User charges introduced before that date may be maintain until 31 December 2025.

Amendment    61

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 3

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7 – paragraph 9

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

9.  As of 1 January 2020, tolls and user charges applied to heavy duty vehicles shall apply to all heavy duty vehicles

9.  As of 1 January 2020, tolls and user charges applied to heavy duty vehicles shall apply to all heavy duty vehicles and vans intended for the carriage of goods.

Amendment    62

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 3

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7 – paragraph 10

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

10.  Tolls and user charges for heavy duty vehicles on the one hand and for light duty vehicles on the other may be introduced or maintained independently from one another.

10.  Until 31 December 2022, tolls and user charges for heavy duty vehicles and vans intended for the carriage of goods on the one hand and for light duty vehicles other than vans intended for the carriage of goods on the other may be introduced or maintained independently from one another.

Amendment    63

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 4

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7a – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Insofar as user charges are applied in respect of passenger cars, the use of the infrastructure shall be made available at least for the following periods: 10 days, a month or two months or both, and a year. The two-monthly rate shall be no more than 30 % of the annual rate, the monthly rate shall be no more than 18 % of the annual rate, and the 10-day rate shall be no more than 8 % of the annual rate.

Insofar as user charges are applied in respect of passenger cars, the use of the infrastructure shall be made available at least for the following periods: a day, a week, 10 days, a month or two months or both, and a year. The two-monthly rate shall be no more than 30 % of the annual rate, the monthly rate shall be no more than 18 % of the annual rate, and the 10-day, week and day rates shall be no more than 8 % of the annual rate.

Amendment    64

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 4

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7a – paragraph 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  For minibuses and vans, Member States shall comply either with paragraph 2 or with paragraph 3. Member States shall however set higher user charges for minibuses and vans than for passenger cars as from 1 January 2024 at the latest.";

4.  For minibuses, vans and vans intended for the carriage of goods , Member States shall comply either with paragraph 2 or with paragraph 3. Member States shall however set higher user charges for minibuses, vans and vans intended for the carriage of goods than for passenger cars as from 1 January 2024 at the latest

Amendment    65

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 4

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7a – paragraph 4 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a.  The proportionality of user charges may take into consideration the specific characteristic of transport operations which start in a Member State on the periphery of the EU.

Amendment    66

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 4 a (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7b – paragraph 2 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a)  In Article 7b, the following paragraph 2a is added:

 

“2a.  The motorway sections on which an infrastructure charge is applied shall have the necessary infrastructure to ensure traffic safety for all users and may have safe parking areas in all weather conditions in compliance with Regulation (EU) .../.... of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EC) No 561/2006 as regards on minimum requirements on maximum daily and weekly driving times, minimum breaks and daily and weekly rest periods and Regulation (EU) 165/2014 as regards positioning by means of tachographs (2017/0122(COD)).

Justification

Motorway networks covered by an infrastructure charge ought to make it possible for road hauliers to comply in full with the obligations laid down in the regulation on rest periods and driving times and ensure a high level of road safety for all users.

Amendment    67

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7c – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Member States may maintain or introduce an external-cost charge, related to the cost of traffic-based air or noise pollution or both.

1.  Member States may maintain or introduce an external-cost charge, related to the cost of traffic-based air or noise pollution or both.

 

The external-cost charges may be introduced or maintained on road network sections that are not subject to infrastructure charges.

For heavy duty vehicles, the external-cost charge shall vary and be set in accordance with the minimum requirements and the methods referred to in Annex IIIa and shall respect the reference values set out in Annex IIIb.

The external-cost charge for traffic-based air or noise pollution, shall vary and be set in accordance with the minimum requirements and the methods referred to in Annex IIIa and shall comply with at least the minimum values set out in Annex IIIb.

Amendment    68

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7c – paragraph 5

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  From 1 January 2021, Member States that levy tolls shall apply an external-cost charge to heavy duty vehicles on at least the part of the network referred to in Article 7(1) where environmental damage generated by heavy duty vehicles is higher than the average environmental damage generated by heavy duty vehicles defined in accordance with relevant reporting requirements referred to in Annex IIIa.";

5.  From 1 January 2021, Member States that levy tolls shall apply an external-cost charge for traffic-based air or noise pollution to heavy duty vehicles and to vans intended for the carriage of goods on all parts of the network referred to in Article 7(1) that are subject to an infrastructure charge.";

Amendment    69

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7c – paragraph 5 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a.  From 1 January 2026 onwards, an external-cost charge imposed on any section of the road network referred to in Article 7(1) shall apply in a non-discriminatory manner to all vehicle categories.

Amendment    70

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7c – paragraph 5 b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5b.  The Member States can apply derogations which allow external-cost charges to be adjusted for vehicles of historical interest

Amendment    71

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 6

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7 da – paragraph 1 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  Congestion charges may be introduced or maintained independently from infrastructure charges.

Amendment    72

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 6

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7da – paragraph 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  A congestion charge imposed on any section of the road network shall apply in a non-discriminatory manner to all vehicle categories, in accordance with the standard equivalence factors set out in Annex V.

3.  A congestion charge imposed on any section of the road network shall apply in a non-discriminatory manner to all vehicle categories, in accordance with the standard equivalence factors set out in Annex V. Member States may, however, decide to exempt buses and coaches for the promotion of collective transport and socio-economic development and territorial cohesion.

Amendment    73

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 6

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7da – paragraph 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  The congestion charge shall reflect the costs imposed by a vehicle on other road users, and indirectly on society, but shall not exceed the maximum levels set out in Annex VI for any given road type.

4.  The congestion charge shall not be less than the levels set out in Annex VI for any given road type.

Amendment    74

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 6

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7da – paragraph 5

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  Member States shall put in place adequate mechanisms for monitoring the impact of congestion charges and for reviewing the level thereof. They shall review the level of charges regularly, at least every three years, to ensure that they are not higher than the cost of congestion occurring in that Member State and generated on those road sections, which are subject to the congestion charge.";

5.  Member States shall put in place adequate mechanisms for monitoring the impact of congestion charges and for reviewing the level thereof. They shall review the level of charges every year , to ensure that they are not higher than the cost of congestion occurring in that Member State and generated on those road sections, which are subject to the congestion charge.;

Amendment    75

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7f – paragraph 1 – point a

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  the revenue generated from the mark-up is invested in financing the construction of transport infrastructure of the core network identified in accordance with Chapter III of Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013, which contribute directly to the alleviation of the congestion or environmental damage and which are located in the same corridor as the road section on which the mark-up is applied;

(a)  the revenue generated from the mark-up is invested in financing the construction of transport infrastructure or transport services which are located in the same corridor as the road section on which the mark-up is applied;

Amendment    76

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7f – paragraph 1 – point b

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  the mark-up does not exceed 15 % of the weighted average infrastructure charge calculated in accordance with Article 7b(1) and Article 7e, except where the revenue generated is invested in cross-border sections of core network corridors, in which case the mark-up may not exceed 25 %;

(b)  the mark-up does not exceed 15 % of the weighted average infrastructure charge calculated in accordance with Article 7b(1) and Article 7e, except in mountainous areas, where infrastructure costs as well as climate and environmental damage are higher, in which case the mark-up may not exceed 50 %;

Justification

The amendment seeks to simplify the introduction of mark-ups by laying down a single mark-up rate of 25% irrespective of any earmarking of revenue.

Amendment    77

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7f – paragraph 1 – point d

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  a description of the exact location of the mark-up and proof of a decision to finance the construction of core network corridors referred to in point (a) are submitted to the Commission in advance of the application of the mark-up;

(d)  a description of the exact location of the mark-up and proof of a decision to finance transport infrastructure or transport services referred to in point (a) are submitted to the Commission in advance of the application of the mark-up;

Amendment    78

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7f – paragraph 1a

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1a.  In case of new cross-border projects, mark-ups may only be added if all Member States involved in such project agree.

deleted

Justification

The amendment seeks to simplify the regulatory framework governing the introduction of mark-up arrangements for existing tolls.

Amendment    79

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7f – paragraph 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  After receiving the required information from a Member State intending to apply a mark-up, the Commission shall make that information available to the members of the Committee referred to in Article 9c. Where the Commission considers that the planned mark- up does not meet the conditions set out in paragraph 1, or where it considers that the planned mark-up will have significant adverse effects on the economic development of peripheral regions, it may, by means of implementing acts, reject or request amendment of the plans for charges submitted by the Member State concerned. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the advisory procedure referred to in Article 9c (2).

3.  After receiving the required information from a Member State intending to apply a mark-up, the Commission shall make that information available to the members of the Committee referred to in Article 9c. Where the Commission considers that the planned mark- up does not meet the conditions set out in paragraph 1, or where it considers that the planned mark-up will have significant adverse effects on the economic development of peripheral regions, it may, by means of implementing acts, reject or request amendment of the plans for charges submitted by the Member State concerned. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the advisory procedure referred to in Article 9c (2). Where applied to the tolling systems referred to in Article 7e(3), the mark-up shall not be regarded as a substantial amendment for the purposes of this Directive

Amendment    80

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7f – paragraph 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  The amount of the mark-up shall be deducted from the amount of the external-cost charge calculated in accordance with Article 7c, except for vehicles of EURO emission classes 0, I and II from 15 October 2011, III and IV from 1 January 2015, V from 1 January 2019, and VI from January 2023 onwards. All revenues generated by the simultaneous application of the mark-up and the external cost charges shall be invested in financing the construction of core network corridors listed in Part I of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No1316/2013.

deleted

Amendment    81

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7g – paragraph 1 – point d

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  the peak periods during which the higher infrastructure charges are levied for the purpose of reducing congestion do not exceed five hours per day;

(d)  the peak periods during which the higher infrastructure charges are levied for the purpose of reducing congestion do not exceed five hours per day or the number of hours during which the ratio of congestion exceeds 100 % of capacity ;

Amendment    82

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7g – paragraph 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  Where, in the event of a check, a driver or, if appropriate, the transport operator, is unable to produce the vehicle documents necessary to ascertain the emission class of the vehicle for the purposes of paragraph 2, Member States may apply tolls up to the highest level chargeable.

3.  Where, in the event of a check, a driver or, if appropriate, the transport operator does not make payments using an electronic tolling system or does not hold a valid subscription or its vehicle does not carry on-board equipment approved by the toll operator necessary to ascertain the emission class of the vehicle for the purposes of paragraph 2, Member States may apply tolls up to the highest level chargeable.

Amendment    83

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7g – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  Within one year after official CO2 emission data are published by the Commission pursuant to Regulation (EU) …/…*****, the Commission shall adopt a delegated act, in accordance with Article 9e, to define the reference values of CO2 emissions, together with an appropriate categorisation of the heavy duty vehicles concerned.

4.  Within one year after official CO2 emission data are published by the Commission pursuant to Regulation (EU) …/…*****, the Commission shall adopt a delegated act, in accordance with Article 9e, to define the reference values of CO2 emissions, together with an appropriate categorisation of the heavy duty vehicles concerned, taking account of emission reducing technologies.

Amendment    84

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7g – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Within one year from the entry into force of the delegated act, Member States shall vary the infrastructure charge taking into account the reference CO2 emission values and the relevant vehicle categorisation. Charges shall be varied in such a way that no infrastructure charge is more than 100% above the same charge for equivalent vehicles having the lowest, but not zero, CO2 emissions. Zero-emission vehicles shall benefit from infrastructure charges reduced by 75% compared to the highest rate.

Within one year from the entry into force of the delegated act, Member States shall vary the infrastructure charge taking into account the reference CO2 emission values and the relevant vehicle categorisation.

Amendment    85

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7g – paragraph 4 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a.  From ... [date of entry into force of this Directive], zero-emission vehicles shall benefit from infrastructure charges reduced by 50 % compared to the lowest rate. . Zero-emission operation shall benefit from the same reduction, provided that such operation can be proved.

Amendment    86

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7g – paragraph 4 b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The Commission shall produce an evaluation report assessing the market share of zero-emission vehicles and zero emission operation by ... [OJ: please insert the date: five years after the entry into force of this Directive]. The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts, in accordance with Article 9e, if appropriate, to recalculate the discount applicable to zero-emission vehicles compared to the lowest rate infrastructure charge.

Amendment    87

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 8

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7ga – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  For light duty vehicles, until 31 December 2021, Member States may vary tolls and user charges according to the environmental performance of the vehicle.

1.  For light vehicles, until 31 December 2021, Member States may vary tolls and user charges according to the environmental performance of the vehicle.

Amendment    88

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 8

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7ga – paragraph 2 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  Member States may take into account the improvement of the environmental performance of the vehicle which is linked to that vehicle’s conversion to alternative fuels. Astanding subscription or any other mechanism approved by the toll system’s operator should allow users to benefit from a variation in toll charges that rewards the improved environmental performance of the vehicle, after conversion .

Amendment    89

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 8

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7ga – paragraph 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  Where, in the event of a check, a driver or, if appropriate, the transport operator, is unable to produce the vehicle documents necessary to ascertain the emission levels of the vehicle (Certificate of Conformity) pursuant to Commission Regulation (EU) …/…******, Member States may apply tolls or annual user charges up to the highest level chargeable.

3.  Where, in the event of a check, a driver or, if appropriate, the transport operator, is not involved in a subscription or any other mechanism approved by the operator or , is unable to produce the vehicle documents necessary to ascertain the emission levels of the vehicle (Certificate of Conformity) pursuant to Commission Regulation (EU) …/…******, Member States may apply tolls or annual user charges up to the highest level chargeable. Subsequent provision of the relevant documents proving the emission levels of the vehicle shall result in the reimbursement of any difference between the tolls or charges applied and the appropriate toll or charge for the vehicle concerned.

Amendment    90

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 8

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7ga – paragraph 3 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a.  Member States may adopt exceptional measures for the purposes of charging vehicles of historical interest

Amendment    91

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7ga – paragraph 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9e amending Annex VII in order to adapt the modalities specified in the Annex to technical progress.

4.  The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9e amending Annex VII in order to adapt the modalities specified in the Annex to technical progress and to take into account the role of components in bringing about improvements both in road safety and in the decarbonisation of transport.

Amendment    92

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 9 – point a a (new)

Directive 1999/62/EG

Article 7h – paragraph 1 – point a – indent 3 (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(a a)  in Article 7h, paragraph (1), point (a) the following indent is added

 

"- clear information on the interoperability of the on-board equipment that is carried on board of vehicles to pay user charges and tolls; it shall state the reasons why other on-board equipment in use in other EU-Member States cannot be applied by users for this tolling arrangement".

Amendment    93

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 9 – point a a (new)

Directive 1999/62/CE

Article 7h – paragraph 1 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa)  the following paragraph is inserted:

 

“1a.  The contractual framework governing relations between grantors and concessionaires shall seek to enable concession contracts to be brought into line with changes to the Union or national regulatory framework relating to the obligations laid down in Articles 7c, 7da, 7g and 7ga of this Directive.”

Amendment    94

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 10 – point -a (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7i – paragraph 2 – introductory part

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(-a)  in paragraph 2, the introductory part is replaced by the following

2.  Member States may provide for discounts or reductions to the infrastructure charge on condition that:

2.  For heavy duty vehicles and vans intended for the carriage of goods , Member States may provide for discounts or reductions to the infrastructure charge on condition that:

Amendment    95

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 10 – point a

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7i – paragraph 2 – point c

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  such discounts or reductions do not exceed 13 % of the infrastructure charge paid by equivalent vehicles not eligible for the discount or reduction.

(c)  such discounts or reductions do not exceed 20 % of the infrastructure charge paid by equivalent vehicles not eligible for the discount or reduction and those used for local or habitual transport, or both.;

Amendment    96

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 10 – point a a (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7i – paragraph 2 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa)  after paragraph 2 the following paragraph is inserted:

 

2a.  For light vehicles, in particular for frequent users on the areas of dispersed settlements and the outskirts of cities, Member States may provide for discounts or reductions to the infrastructure charge provided that:

 

(a)  the resulting charging structure is proportionate, made public and available to users on equal terms and does not lead to additional costs being passed on to other users in the form of higher tolls;

 

(b)  such discounts and reductions contribute

 

(i) to social cohesion; and/or

 

(ii)  to ensuring the mobility of peripheral regions or remote areas or both;

Amendment    97

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 10 – point a b (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7i – paragraph 2 b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ab)  after paragraph 2 the following paragraph is inserted:

 

2b.  Member States or competent authorities may introduce a kilometre-based flat-rate exemption on a specific road section, taking into account the mobility patterns and economic interest of peripheral regions, provided that the resulting charging structure is proportionate, is made public and is made available to users on equal terms and does not lead to additional costs being passed on to other users in the form of higher tolls;

Amendment    98

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 10 – point b

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7i – paragraph 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  Subject to the conditions provided for in Article 7g(1)(b) and (5), toll rates may for specific projects of high European interest identified in Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013, be subject to other forms of variation in order to secure the commercial viability of such projects where they are exposed to direct competition with other modes of transport. The resulting charging structure shall be linear, proportionate, made public, and available to all users on equal terms and shall not lead to additional costs being passed on to other users in the form of higher tolls.;

3.  Subject to the conditions provided for in Article 7g(1)(b) and (5), toll rates may for specific projects of high European interest identified in Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013, be subject to other forms of variation in order to secure the commercial viability of such projects where they are exposed to direct competition with other modes of transport. The resulting charging structure shall be made public and available to all users on equal terms;

Amendment    99

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 10 – point b a (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7i – paragraph 3 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba)  after paragraph 3 the following paragraph is inserted:

 

“3a.  In mountain areas and peripheral regions, Member States or competent authorities may vary toll rates for heavy vehicles according to distance travelled by the tolled vehicles to minimise social-economic impacts, provided that:

 

(a)  the variation according to driving distance considers the different characteristics of short-distance and long-distance transport, especially the available options for modal shift to other transport modes.

 

(b)  the variation is applied in a non-discriminatory way.

 

(c)  the technical equipment allows the detection of entry and exit points of the vehicle across national borders.”

Amendment    100

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 11 – point a

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7j – paragraph 1 – second sentence

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

To that end, Member States shall cooperate in establishing methods for enabling road users to pay tolls and user charges 24 hours a day, at least at major sales outlets, using common means of payment, inside and outside the Member States in which they are applied.";

To that end, Member States shall cooperate in establishing methods for enabling road users to pay tolls and user charges 24 hours a day, either at the border or at any other sales outlet, with the option of receipt , using common means of payment including electronic means inside and outside the Member States in which they are applied

Amendment    101

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 11 – point b

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7j – paragraph 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  Where a Member State levies a toll on a vehicle, the total amount of the toll, the amount of the infrastructure charge, the amount of the external-cost charge, and the amount of the congestion charge, where applied, shall be indicated in a receipt provided to the road user, where possible by electronic means

3.  Where a Member State levies a toll on a vehicle, the total amount of the toll, the amount of the infrastructure charge, the amount of the external-cost charge, and the amount of the congestion charge, where applied, shall be indicated in a receipt, upon request , provided to the road user, where possible by electronic means.

Amendment    102

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 12

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7k – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Without prejudice to Articles 107 and 108 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, this Directive does not affect the freedom of Member States which introduce a system of tolls to provide for appropriate compensation.";

Without prejudice to Articles 107 and 108 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, this Directive does not affect the freedom of Member States which introduce a system of tolls to provide for appropriate compensation, provided that they do not distort or have a negative impact on local or habitual hauliers, or both ;

Amendment    103

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 13 a (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 8 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13a)  Thefollowing Article 8 is inserted:

 

Article 8a

 

Monitoring and reporting

 

1.  Each Member State shall designate an independent supervisory authority for infrastructure charging responsible for ensuring compliance with this Directive.

 

2.  The supervisory authority shall carry out economic and financial checks on concession contracts in order, in particular, to ensure compliance with the provisions of Article 7b.

 

3.  Member States shall inform the Commission that the supervisory authority has been designated.

Amendment    104

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 14 – point -a (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – introductory part

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(-a)  in Article 9(2), the introductory part is replaced by the following:

2.  Member States shall determine the use of revenues generated by this Directive. To enable the transport network to be developed as a whole, revenues generated from infrastructure and external costs charges, or the equivalent in financial value of these revenues, should be used to benefit the transport sector, and optimise the entire transport system. In particular, revenues generated from external cost charges, or the equivalent in financial value of these revenues, should be used to make transport more sustainable, including one or more of the following:

“2.  To enable the transport network to be developed as a whole, revenues generated from infrastructure and external costs charges, or the equivalent in financial value of these revenues, shall be used to carry out road network maintenance and upkeep, and to optimise the entire transport system. In particular, revenues generated from external cost charges, or the equivalent in financial value of these revenues, shall be used to make transport more sustainable, including one or more of the following :

Amendment    105

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 14 – point -a a (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point b

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(-aa)  in paragraph 2, point b is replaced by the following:

(b)  reducing road transport pollution at source;

“(b)  reducing road transport air pollution and noise pollution ;”

Amendment    106

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 14 – point -a b (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point b a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(-ab)  in paragraph 2, the following point is inserted:

 

“(ba)  financing collective and sustainable modes of transport ;”

Amendment    107

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 14 – point -a c (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point e

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(-ac)  in paragraph 2, point e is replaced by the following:

(e)  developing alternative infrastructure for transport users and/or expanding current capacity;

“(e)  developing alternative-fuel infrastructures in accordance with Directive 2014/94/EU and alternative service for transport users and/or expanding current capacity ;”

Amendment    108

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 14 – point -a d (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point f

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(-ad)  in paragraph 2, point f is replaced by the following:

(f)  supporting the trans-European transport network;

“(f)  supporting the trans-European transport network and eliminating bottlenecks;”

Amendment    109

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 14 – point -a e (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point h

 

Present text

Amendment

 

(-ae)  in paragraph 2, point h is replaced by the following:

(h)  improving road safety; and

“(h)  improving road safety and safe road infrastructure; and”

Amendment    110

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 14 – point -a f (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – point i

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(-af)  in paragraph 2, point f is replaced by the following:

(i)  providing secure parking places.

“(i)  providing safe and secure parking areas; "

Amendment    111

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 14 – point b

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9 – paragraph 3 – introductory part

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  Revenues generated from congestion charges, or the equivalent in financial value of these revenues, shall be used to address the problem of congestion, in particular by:

3.  Revenues generated from congestion charges, or the equivalent in financial value of these revenues, shall be used to address the problem of congestion, for example by:

Amendment    112

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 14 – point b

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9 – paragraph 3 – point b

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  eliminating bottlenecks on the trans-European transport network;

(b)  eliminating bottlenecks and missing links on their networks, wherever the charge is applied, and on the trans-European transport network;

Amendment    113

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 14 – point b

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9 – paragraph 3 – point c

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  developing alternative infrastructure for transport users.";

(c)  developing alternative infrastructure and multimodal hubs for transport users

Amendment    114

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 14 – point b a (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9 – paragraph 3 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ba)  a new paregraph is inserted:

 

“3a.  Revenues from infrastructure charges and external-cost charges shall be used on the territory containing the road section on which the charges are applied.”

Amendment    115

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 15

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9e – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 7g(4), Article 7ga(4) and Article 9d shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from [date of entry into force of this Directive].

2.  The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 7g(4), Article 7ga(4) and Article 9d shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of 5 years from ... [date of entry into force of this Directive]. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the 5-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

Amendment    116

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 18

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 11 – paragraph -1 (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

-1.  Member States or competent authorities shall provide information in the most transparent and clear way on the use of the generated revenues from road users.

Amendment    117

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 18

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 11 – paragraph 2 – point e a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea)  the total revenues raised through mark-ups and on which road sections they have been levied

Amendment    118

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 18

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 11 – paragraph 3 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a.  Member States shall make publicly available the results of reinvesting infrastructure charges and charges for external costs as well as the benefits in terms of increased road safety, a reduced environmental impact and reduced traffic congestion .

Amendment    119

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 18

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 11 – paragraph 5 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a.  Within five years after the entry into force of this Directive, the Commission shall submit a report on changes in the market share of zero-emission vehicles and shall revise accordingly, if necessary, the reduction applied to those vehicles.

Amendment    120

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point b – point i – indent 1

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex III – Section 2 – point 2.1 – indent 6

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

— Costs shall be apportioned to heavy duty vehicles on an objective and transparent basis taking account of the proportion of heavy duty vehicle traffic to be carried on the network and the associated costs. The vehicle kilometres travelled by heavy duty vehicles may for this purpose be adjusted by objectively justified ‘equivalence factors’ such as those set out in point 4 (*).

— Costs shall be apportioned to each vehicle type on an objective and transparent basis taking account of the proportion of traffic for each vehicle type to be carried on the network and the associated costs. The vehicle kilometres travelled by heavy duty vehicles may for this purpose be adjusted by objectively justified ‘equivalence factors’ such as those set out in point 4 (*).

Justification

Upon extension of the road cost calculation, the apportionment rule must apply to all vehicle types.

Amendment    121

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point b – point i – indent 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex III – section 2 – point 2.2 – indent 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Such costs shall be apportioned between heavy duty vehicles and other traffic on the basis of actual and forecast shares of vehicle kilometres and may be adjusted by objectively justified equivalence factors such as those set out in point 4.';

—  Such costs shall be apportioned between heavy duty vehicles and light vehicles on the basis of actual and forecast shares of vehicle kilometres and may be adjusted by objectively justified equivalence factors such as those set out in point 4.';

Amendment    122

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – paragraph 1 – point c

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIa – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Where a Member State intends to levy an external-cost charge on only a part or parts of the road network composed of its share in the trans-European network and of its motorways, the part or parts shall be chosen after an assessment establishing that:

deleted

- vehicles’ use of the roads where the external-cost charge is applied generates environmental damage higher than that generated on average assessed in accordance with air quality reporting, national emissions inventories, traffic volumes and, for noise, in accordance with Directive 2002/49/EC, or

 

- the imposition of an external-cost charge on other parts of the road network thus composed might have adverse effects on the environment or road safety, or levying and collecting an external-cost charge on them would entail disproportionate cost.

 

Amendment    123

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – paragraph 1 – point c

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIa – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.   The vehicles, roads and time period covered

2.   The vehicles, roads and time period covered

Where a Member State intends to apply higher external-cost charges than the reference values specified in Annex IIIb, it shall notify the Commission of the classification of vehicles according to which the external-cost charge shall vary. It shall also notify the Commission of the location of roads subject to higher external-cost charges (called hereafter ‘suburban roads (including motorways)’), and of roads subject to lower external-cost charges (called hereafter ‘interurban roads (including motorways)’).

 

Where applicable, it shall also notify the Commission of the exact time periods corresponding to the night period during which a higher external noise-cost charge may be imposed to reflect greater noise nuisances.

 

The classification of roads as suburban roads (including motorways) and interurban roads (including motorways), and the definition of time periods shall be based on objective criteria related to the level of exposure of the roads and their vicinities to pollution such as population density, the annual mean air pollution (in particular for PM10 and NO2) and the number of days (for PM10) and hours (NO2) on which limit values established under Directive 2008/50/EC are exceeded. The criteria used shall be included in the notification.

The classification of roads as suburban roads (including motorways) and interurban roads (including motorways), and the definition of time periods shall be based on objective criteria related to the level of exposure of the roads and their vicinities to pollution such as population density, the annual mean air pollution (in particular for PM10 and NO2) and the number of days (for PM10) and hours (NO2) on which limit values established under Directive 2008/50/EC are exceeded. The criteria used shall be included in the notification.

Amendment    124

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – paragraph 1 – point c

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIa – table 3 (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

 

Amendment

Table 3: Minimum values of the external-cost charge for passenger cars (€ct/vkm)

Vehicle

Engine

EURO-Class

Suburban

Interurban

Car diesel

<1.4l

Euro 2

1.9

0.9

 

 

Euro 3

1.6

0.9

 

 

Euro 4

1.3

0.7

 

 

Euro 5

0.9

0.5

 

 

Euro 6

0.6

0.3

 

1.4-2.0l

Euro 0

3.6

1.0

 

 

Euro 1

1.9

0.9

 

 

Euro 2

1.8

0.8

 

 

Euro 3

1.7

0.9

 

 

Euro 4

1.4

0.7

 

 

Euro 5

0.9

0.5

 

 

Euro 6

0.6

0.3

 

>2.0l

Euro 0

3.9

1.3

 

 

Euro 1

1.9

0.9

 

 

Euro 2

1.8

0.9

 

 

Euro 3

1.7

0.9

 

 

Euro 4

1.4

0.7

 

 

Euro 5

0.9

0.5

 

 

Euro 6

0.6

0.3

Car petrol

<1.4l

Euro 0

3.7

2.4

 

 

Euro 1

1.0

0.4

 

 

Euro 2

0.7

0.3

 

 

Euro 3

0.5

0.2

 

 

Euro 4

0.5

0.2

 

 

Euro 5

0.5

0.2

 

 

Euro 6

0.5

0.2

 

1.4-2.0l

Euro 0

3.9

3.0

 

 

Euro 1

1.1

0.4

 

 

Euro 2

0.7

0.3

 

 

Euro 3

0.5

0.2

 

 

Euro 4

0.5

0.2

 

 

Euro 5

0.4

0.2

 

 

Euro 6

0.4

0.2

 

>2.0l

Euro 0

4.0

3.0

 

 

Euro 1

1.0

0.4

 

 

Euro 2

0.5

0.3

 

 

Euro 3

0.5

0.2

 

 

Euro 4

0.5

0.2

 

 

Euro 5

0.4

0.2

 

 

Euro 6

0.4

0.2

Amendment    125

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – paragraph 1 – point c

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIa – table 4 (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

 

Amendment

Table 4: Minimum values of the external-cost charge for light duty vehicles (€ct/vkm)

Vehicle

EURO-Class

Suburban

Interurban

LCV petrol

Euro 1

2.4

0.7

 

Euro 2

1.9

0.4

 

Euro 3

1.8

0.4

 

Euro 4

1.7

0.3

 

Euro 5

1.6

0.3

 

Euro 6

1.6

0.3

LCV diesel

Euro 1

4.0

1.7

 

Euro 2

4.1

1.7

 

Euro 3

3.5

1.3

 

Euro 4

3.0

1.1

 

Euro 5

2.2

0.8

 

Euro 6

1.9

0.5

Amendment    126

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – paragraph 1 – point d

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIb – Title

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

REFERENCE VALUES OF THE EXTERNAL-COST CHARGE

MINIMUM VALUES OF THE EXTERNAL-COST CHARGE

This Annex sets out reference values of the external-cost charge, including the cost of air pollution and noise.

This Annex sets out minimum values of the external-cost charge, including the cost of air pollution and noise.

Amendment    127

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point d

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIb – Table 1 – Title

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Table 1: reference values of the external-cost charge for heavy goods vehicles

Table 1: minimum values of the external-cost charge for heavy goods vehicles

Amendment    128

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point d

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIb – Table 2 – title

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Table 2: reference values of the external-cost charge for coaches

Table 2: minimum values of the external-cost charge for coaches

Amendment    129

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point d

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIb – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The values of Tables 1 and 2 may be multiplied by a factor of up to 2 in mountain areas and around agglomerations to the extent that it is justified by lower dispersion, the gradient of roads, altitude or temperature inversions.;

The values of Tables 1 and 2 may be multiplied by a reference factor of up to 4 in mountain areas and around agglomerations to the extent that it is justified by lower dispersion, the gradient of roads, altitude or temperature inversions. If there is scientific evidence for a higher mountain or agglomeration factor, this reference value can be increased based on a detailed justification;

Amendment    130

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point e a (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IV – paragraph 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea)  in Annex IV, the following paragraph is added:

 

For all motor vehicles that are alternatively fuelled, the maximum authorised weight is increased by the additional weight required for the alternative fuel technology used, the maximum increase being one tonne.

Amendment    131

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex V – section 1 – point c – table 2 – column 2 – row 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Buses and coaches

Buses and coaches

2.5

1.5

(1)

OJ C 81, 2.3.2018, p. 188.

(2)

OJ C 176, 23.5.2018, p. 66.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

1. Current situation

Essentially, the aim of Directive 1999/62/EC on the charging of heavy goods vehicles for the use of certain infrastructures was to eliminate distortions of competition between road hauliers in order to ensure that the internal market operated properly and that the principle of free movement of goods applied.

When Directive 1999/68/EC was revised in 2011, account was taken of negative externalities as regards the varying of charges and the possibility of levying external-cost charges was introduced. However, the 2011 directive went only some way towards realising the transport White Paper objective of fully applying the ‘polluter pays’ and ‘user pays’ principles on the trans-European road network. Today, only about 25% of the overall trans-European road network is covered by distance-based charges on heavy duty vehicles (HDVs).

2. The Commission proposal

  All HDVs to be included in the directive’s scope: From 2020 onwards, existing and new tolling systems applicable to HDVs would also be applicable to buses and coaches. It would no longer be possible, in addition, to exempt vehicles with a weight of less than 12 tonnes from tolling. The purpose of that measure is to limit distortions of competition between HGVs and prevent the charging burden from being borne solely by HDVs with a weight of more than 12 tonnes;

  The Commission is proposing that some provisions of the directive be extended to light vehicles, in particular as regards the varying of infrastructure charges;

  ‘Vignettes’ to be prohibited for HDVs and for light vehicles from 2024 and 2028, respectively, in order to apply the ‘polluter pays’ principle more effectively;

  Possibility of introducing congestion charges;

  Varying of infrastructure charges for HDVs on the basis of CO2 emissions as from 2021 and, for light vehicles, on the basis of CO2 and EURO standards;

  75% reduction in infrastructure charges for zero-emission vehicles;

  Obligation to introduce external-cost charges on roads where HDVs cause greater than average environmental harm;

  The Commission is also seeking to make tolling systems more transparent and step up monitoring of how revenues are used.

3. Your rapporteur’s proposals

The Commission proposal contains a number of measures in pursuit of the transport White Paper objective of moving towards full application of the ‘polluter pays’ and ‘user pays’ principles. In that connection, your rapporteur takes the view that the level of ambition of the Commission proposal must be maintained by Parliament.

She also considers that, on a number of key points, it ought to be improved upon and strengthened. With that in mind, this report sets out a number of amendments in connection with core features of the text that centre on five key issues:

(a)  Eliminating discrimination between road users and applying the ‘polluter pays’ and ‘user pays’ principles:

  To meet that objective, your rapporteur proposes that, when ‘vignette’ schemes end, there should be universal vehicle tolling in order to ensure that all road users pay infrastructure charges and external-cost charges.

  To clarify the Commission proposal as regards external costs, an external-cost charge ought to be introduced on networks covered by an infrastructure charge.

  Applying the ‘polluter pays’ and ‘user pays’ principles to all vehicles will help eliminate discrimination between road users;

(b)  Eliminating distortions of competition within road transport and between transport modes:

  To meet that objective, your rapporteur proposes that ‘vignettes’ should be not only prohibited, but also replaced by distance-based schemes. The aim is to ensure that TEN-T road networks hitherto subject to a ‘vignette’ would indeed be covered by charging, with a view in particular to preventing distortion of competition with other transport modes;

  To eliminate distortions of competition, it is proposed that provisions on goods vans be brought into line with HDV provisions;

(c)  Combating the ongoing deterioration of road networks in Europe:

  Public spending on road maintenance decreased in the EU by about 30% between 2006 and 2013. This is a road safety issue. To meet that challenge, your rapporteur proposes that infrastructure revenues be earmarked for road infrastructure upkeep and improvements and for improvements to the transport system as a whole;

(d)  Speeding up the shift to genuine mobility:

  Your rapporteur proposes that revenues from external-cost charges be used to fund the shift to low-emissions mobility;

  Your rapporteur also proposes that it be made easier to use mark-ups to fund trans-European transport network projects;

(e)  Acceptability and transparency of tolling systems:

  Your rapporteur considers that earmarking revenue would help to make tolling systems more acceptable. Accordingly, she proposes that revenues from charges be used on the territory containing the road section on which they are applied;

  To take account of the specific characteristics of particular territorial units, your rapporteur proposes that the possibility be introduced of applying a kilometre-based flat-rate exemption on specific road sections in order to provide greater flexibility in taking circumstances in peripheral regions into consideration;

  To ensure social inclusion and territorial cohesion, your rapporteur proposes that the frequent-user discounts provided for be increased, particularly on the outskirts of large urban areas;

  Your rapporteur considers that road networks covered by an infrastructure charge must afford a high level of road safety, together with all necessary infrastructure facilities, such as safe and secure parking areas, for compliance with the obligations laid down by the regulation on rest periods and driving times;

  To ensure that tolling systems are transparent, in particular as regards calculating charge rates and allocating revenues, your rapporteur proposes that an independent authority be set up in each Member State for supervising tolling systems and that all road users be guaranteed a high level of information on how revenues are used;

  Your rapporteur has amended the Commission proposal as regards congestion charges so as to ensure that buses, and collective transport in particular, are not excessively penalised.


ANNEX: LIST OF ENTITIES OR PERSONSFROM WHOM THE RAPPORTEUR HAS RECEIVED INPUT

The following list is drawn up on a purely voluntary basis under the exclusive responsibility of the rapporteur. The rapporteur has received input from the following entities or persons in the preparation of the draft report:

ENTITY OR PERSON

AEGPL EUROPE

ALBERTIS

ALBERTO MAZZO, RAPPORTEUR FOR THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE

ASFINAG LIAISON OFFICE BRUSSELS

ASSOCIATION OF FRENCH REGIONS

BORNE ÉLISABETH, FRENCH MINISTER FOR TRANSPORT

CLECAT

COMITÉ D'ORIENTATION DES ASSISES DE LA MOBILITÉ

COMITÉ POUR LA TRANSALPINE

CONFERENCE OF PERIPHERAL MARITIME REGIONS (CPMR)

CONFERENCE OF EUROPEAN DIRECTORS OF ROADS

COMMUNITY OF EUROPEAN RAILWAY AND INFRASTRUCTURE COMPANIES

DEUTSCHE BAHN (GERMAN RAILWAYS)

EL KHADRAOUI SAÏD - EUROPEAN POLITICAL STRATEGY CENTRE

E-MOBILITY PLATFORM

EURELECTRIC

EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION OF TOLLED MOTORWAYS (ASECAP)

EUROPEAN AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURERS' ASSOCIATION – ACEA

EUROPEAN EXPRESS ASSOCIATION (EEA)

EUROPEAN RAIL FREIGHT ASSOCIATION

EUROPEAN SHIPPERS' COUNCIL (ESC)

EUROPEAN UNION ROAD FEDERATION (ERF)

FÉDÉRATION INTERNATIONALE DE L'AUTOMOBILE (FIA)

FERROVIE DELLO STATO ITALIANE

HISTORIC VEHICLE GROUP

IMONITRAF

INTERNATIONAL ROAD TRANSPORT UNION (IRU)

LAHELLEC GERARD, VICE- PRESIDENT OF THE REGION OF BRITTANY WITH RESPONSIBILITY FOR TRANSPORT

MICHELIN

MISSION OF NORWAY TO THE EUROPEAN UNION

MOSKOVSKI IVAYLO, MINISTER FOR TRANSPORT OF BULGARIA

PICHEREAU DAMIEN, MEMBER OF THE FRENCH NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

ÖBB-HOLDING AG (AUSTRIAN FEDERAL RAILWAYS)

SHV ENERGY 

SIEMENS

SOCIÉTÉ NATIONALE DES CHEMINS DE FER FRANÇAIS (SNCF) (FRENCH RAILWAYS)

TDIE

TRANSPORT ET ENVIRONNEMENT

VAN ESSEN HUIB CE DEFLT

VINCI CONCESSION

ŽAGAR IVAN, RAPPORTEUR FOR THE COMMITTEE OF THE REGIONS


OPINION of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (28.3.2018)

for the Committee on Transport and Tourism

on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 1999/62/EC on the charging of heavy goods vehicles for the use of certain infrastructures

(COM(2017)0275 – C8‑0171/2017 – 2017/0114(COD))

Rapporteur (*): Seb Dance

(*) Associated committee – Rule 54 of the Rules of Procedure

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

Directive 1999/62/EC provides the legal framework for charging heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) for the use of certain roads. It does not oblige Member States to introduce charges but provides minimum requirements for the way infrastructure charges should be set.

According to the European Environment Agency (EEA), road transport is the largest source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the EU. While transport at large is responsible for 23% of total CO2 emissions in the EU, road transport accounts for 72% of these. The highest share of these emissions (over 60%) originates from passenger cars, while those of heavy-goods vehicles (HGVs) are increasing. Under current trends, emission reductions from the road transport sector will not be sufficient to achieve the EU’s 2030 and 2050 climate targets.

The cost of air pollutant emissions generated by road transport represent another significant cost to society. According to the EEA, air pollution is responsible for around 500,000 premature deaths each year in the EU, with emissions from road transport being the main contributor.

With growing demand for transport, congestion is an increasingly significant issue, which result in considerable economic, social and environmental costs including delays, fuel waste, and additional CO2 and pollutant emissions, which together amount to 1-2% of EU GDP. Although the current Directive includes the possibility to charge for the external costs road transport, this provision has hardly been used.

In its 2011 White Paper ‘Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system’, the Commission set a deadline of 2020 to "proceed to the full and mandatory internalisation of external costs (including noise, local pollution and congestion on top of the mandatory recovery of wear and tear costs) for road and rail transport". On current trends the EU is a long way from achieving this objective.

Overall your rapporteur welcomes the aims of the Commission’s proposal: to promote financially and environmentally sustainable road transport through wider application of the 'user pays' and 'polluter pays' principles. My opinion aims to ensure that efficient and fair road pricing can contribute to the EU’s efforts to cut both CO2 and pollutant emissions by better implementing the ‘polluter pays’ principle and helping to accelerate the transition to clean and zero-emission mobility.

Scope

The current Directive only covers HGVs but the Commission proposes extending the legal framework to all heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) - buses and coaches - and light-duty vehicles (LDVs) - passenger cars and vans. Your rapporteur supports this extension of the scope. Buses, coaches, cars and vans do not provide sufficient contributions via road charges, even though these vehicles account for a significant share of transport activity and are responsible for a large part of the impact on wear and tear of infrastructure (and other external costs).

To encourage fair and efficient pricing your rapporteur proposes to separate passenger vehicles and vans intended for the carriage of goods so that tolls for HDVs that start from 3.5 tonnes also apply to large vans used in transport. Large vans are increasingly used to transport freight in order to bypass rules applying to HDVs.

Infrastructure charge: Distance-based vs. time-based

Your rapporteur welcomes the proposal to phase out time-based road charging (vignettes) as it does not reflect actual road use and encourages drivers to drive more during the time they have paid for. Distance-based tolls on the other hand are proportional to road use and better implement the polluter and user pays principles.

Your rapporteur proposes to bring forward the dates for phasing out of vignettes for both HDVs, including vans carrying freight, and LDVs as doing so will to accelerate the internalisation of external-costs from road transport and accelerate the application of the polluter pays principle.

External-costs

Road transport is the source of significant external costs including climate change, air pollution and noise. Currently these costs are only partly borne by the sector. While your rapporteur welcomes the Commission’s proposal to extend mandatory external-cost charging to HDVs on the most polluted parts of the road network, this is insufficient to achieve the stated aim of mandatory internalisation of external costs for road transport.

Your rapporteur thus proposes to make the application of an external-cost charge, related to the cost of air and noise pollution, mandatory on the entire road network subject to an infrastructure charge. To facilitate more efficient pricing and the transition to cleaner vehicles, the reference values in Annex IIIb have been changed to binding minimum values for charging for the cost of air and noise pollution.

Zero-emission mobility

Road charging can be an effective demand-side tool to help facilitate the uptake of zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs). In order to accelerate the transition to zero-emission mobility, your rapporteur proposes to maintain the 75% discount for ZEVs, but independently of the entry into force of implementing Regulation (EU) No 595/2009.

Your rapporteur also proposes to delete the four year exemption from the external cost charge for vehicles of the highest Euro class. Not only would this exemption cease to be relevant for Euro VI vehicles but removing the exemption for future Euro classes will also accelerate the uptake of ZEVs.

Earmarking of revenues

Road charges mobilise resources that should contribute to the financing of the maintenance and development of transport infrastructure, reducing road transport pollution at source and facilitating the production and uptake of zero emission vehicles.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety calls on the Committee on Transport and Tourism, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a directive

Recital 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1a)  In that White Paper, the Commission has set a deadline for 2020 to "proceed to the full and mandatory internalisation of external costs (including noise, local pollution and congestion on top of the mandatory recovery of wear and tear costs) for road and rail transport".

Amendment    2

Proposal for a directive

Recital 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1b)  The movement of goods and passenger vehicles is a factor that contributes to the release of pollutants into the atmosphere. Such pollutants, which have a very serious impact on people’s health and lead to the deterioration of ambient air quality in the Union, include PM2,5, NO2, and O3, which in 2014 caused, respectively, 399 000, 75 000, and 13 600 premature deaths in the Union owing to prolonged exposure, according to European Environment Agency estimates produced in 2017.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a directive

Recital 1 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1c)  Congestion is becoming an increasingly serious problem, entailing high economic, social, and environmental costs, including delays, fuel waste, and additional CO2 and pollutant emissions.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a directive

Recital 1 d (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1d)  According to the World Health Organization, noise from road traffic alone ranks second among the most harmful environmental stressors in Europe, exceeded only by air pollution. At least 9 000 premature deaths a year can be attributed to heart disease caused by traffic noise.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a directive

Recital 1 e (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1e)  According to the European Environment Agency’s 2017 report on air quality in Europe, road transport in 2015 was the sector with the highest NOx emissions and the second largest emitter of black carbon pollution.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a directive

Recital 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a)   In order to ensure the proportionality of user charges, it is important to differentiate between light duty vehicles intended for the carriage of people and vans intended for the carriage of goods under Regulations (EC) No 1071/20091a and (EC) No 1072/20091b of the European Parliament and of the Council, as well as under Regulation (EC) No 165/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council1c.

 

____________________

 

1a   Regulation (EC) No 1071/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 establishing common rules concerning the conditions to be complied with to pursue the occupation of road transport operator and repealing Council Directive 96/26/EC (OJ L 300, 14.11.2009, p.51).

 

1b   Regulation (EC) No 1072/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 on common rules for access to the international road haulage market (OJ L 300, 14.11.2009, p.72).

 

1c   Regulation (EU) No 165/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 February 2014 on tachographs in road transport, repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 3821/85 on recording equipment in road transport and amending Regulation (EC) No 561/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the harmonisation of certain social legislation relating to road transport (OJ L 60, 28.2.2014, p. 1).

Amendment    7

Proposal for a directive

Recital 3 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3b)   Vans are increasingly being used as a means to bypass social and market regulation for trucks. This Directive should ensure that countries are applying tolls on large vans that are used for the purpose of professional freight transport.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a directive

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a)  Time-based user charges encourage drivers to travel more when their vignette is valid, thus making them misapply the ‘polluter pays’ principle and the ‘user pays’ principle.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a directive

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  In order to secure user acceptance of future road charging schemes, Member States should be allowed to introduce adequate systems for the collection of charges as part of a wider package of mobility services. Such systems should ensure a fair distribution of infrastructure costs and reflect the ‘polluter pays’ principle. Any Member States introducing such a system should ensure that it complies with the provisions of Directive 2004/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council16.

(5)  In order to secure user acceptance of future road charging schemes, Member States should be allowed to introduce adequate systems for the collection of charges as part of a wider package of mobility services. The Member States are encouraged to take into account the social acceptance of charging and socio-economic factors in their implementation, in particular to maintain the competitiveness of the transport sector, composed of many small and medium enterprises, and facilitate more flexibility of charges to users of private vehicles forced to use transport infrastructure on a regular basis. Such systems should ensure a fair distribution of infrastructure costs and reflect the ‘polluter pays’ principle. Any Member States introducing such a system should ensure that it complies with the provisions of Directive 2004/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council16.

_________________

_________________

16 Directive 2004/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems in the Community (Text with EEA relevance), OJ L 166, 30.4.2004, p. 124–143

16 Directive 2004/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems in the Community (Text with EEA relevance), OJ L 166, 30.4.2004, p. 124–143

Amendment    10

Proposal for a directive

Recital 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a)  It is of particular importance that the Member States establish a fair charging system which does not penalise users of private vehicles which, due to their place of residence in the countryside or in areas that are difficult of access or isolated, are forced to make more regular use of roads subject to charging. Under territorial development policy, Member States should levy reduced charges on users from such areas.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a directive

Recital 5 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5b)  In order to secure user acceptance of future road charging schemes, Member States should be encouraged to take account of socio-economic factors when implementing road charging measures for passenger cars.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a directive

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7)  Pursuant to Directive 1999/62/EC, an external-cost charge may be imposed at a level close to the social marginal cost of the usage of the vehicle in question. That method has proven to be the fairest and most efficient way to take account of negative environmental and health impacts of air pollution and noise generated by heavy duty vehicles, and would ensure a fair contribution from heavy duty vehicles to meeting EU air quality standards17 and any applicable noise limits or targets. The application of such charges should therefore be facilitated.

(7)  Pursuant to Directive 1999/62/EC, an external-cost charge may be imposed at a level close to the social marginal cost of the usage of the vehicle in question. That method has proven to be the fairest and most efficient way to take account of negative environmental and health impacts of air pollution and noise generated by heavy duty vehicles, would ensure a fair contribution from heavy duty vehicles to meeting EU air quality standards17 and any applicable noise limits or targets, and would make it possible to provide incentives for the use of clean vehicles. The application of such charges should therefore be facilitated.

_________________

_________________

17 Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe, OJ L 152, 11.06.2008, p. 1-44

17 Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe, OJ L 152, 11.06.2008, p. 1-44

Amendment    13

Proposal for a directive

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)   To this effect, the maximum weighted average external-cost charges should be replaced by readily applicable reference values updated in light of inflation, the scientific progress made in estimating the external costs of road transport and the evolution of the fleet composition.

(8)   To this effect, the maximum weighted average external-cost charges should be replaced by readily applicable minimum values updated in light of inflation, the scientific progress made in estimating the external costs of road transport and the evolution of the fleet composition.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a directive

Recital 8 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(8a)   In order to contribute to the objective, laid out in the Commission White Paper of 28 March 2011, to proceed to the full and mandatory internalisation of external costs, the external-cost charge should be mandatory on the part of the road network subject to the infrastructure charge.

Amendment    15

Proposal for a directive

Recital 8 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(8b)   Without prejudice to Article 9(1a) of Directive 1999/62/EC, Member States should be allowed to apply and maintain an external-cost charge on parts of the network that are not covered by an infrastructure charge.

Amendment    16

Proposal for a directive

Recital 8 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(8c)   The ‘Handbook on External Costs of Transport’ of the Commission Directorate General for Transport and Mobility should be considered as a basis for fixing minimum values for the internalisation of external costs.

Amendment    17

Proposal for a directive

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  The variation of infrastructure charges according to Euro emission class has contributed to the use of cleaner vehicles. However, with the renewal of vehicle fleets, the variation of charges on this basis on the inter-urban network is expected to become obsolete by the end of 2020 and should therefore be phased out by that time. From the same point in time, external-cost charging should be applied more systematically, as a targeted means to recover external cost in respect of situations in which it matters most.

(9)  The variation of infrastructure charges according to Euro emission class has contributed to the use of cleaner vehicles. However, with the renewal of vehicle fleets, the variation of charges on this basis on the inter-urban network is expected to become obsolete by the end of 2020 and should therefore be phased out by that time. From the same point in time, external-cost charging are to be applied as a targeted means to recover external cost in respect of situations in which it matters most.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a directive

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12)   In order to promote the use of the cleanest and most efficient vehicles, Member States should apply significantly reduced road tolls and user charges to those vehicles.

(12)   In order to promote the use of the cleanest and most efficient vehicles, in particular zero-emission vehicles, and reduce their competitive disadvantage in relation to conventional vehicles, Member States should, as soon as possible, apply reduced road tolls and user charges to those vehicles. In order to accelerate the transition towards the cleanest and most efficient vehicles, it is necessary to apply these reductions independently of the entry into force of implementing Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council1a.

 

__________________

 

1a   Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Directive 2007/46/EC and repealing Directives 80/1269/EEC, 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC (OJ L 188, 18.7.2009, p.1).

Amendment    19

Proposal for a directive

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13)  Road congestion, to which all motor vehicles contribute in different proportions, represents a cost of about 1% of GDP. A significant part of this cost can be attributed to interurban congestion. A specific congestion charge should therefore be allowed, on condition that it is applied to all vehicle categories. In order to be effective and proportionate, the charge should be calculated on the basis of the marginal congestion cost and differentiated according to location, time and vehicle category. In order to maximise the positive effect of congestion charges, corresponding revenues should be allocated to projects addressing the sources of the problem.

(13)  Road congestion, to which all motor vehicles contribute in different proportions, represents a cost of about 1%-2% of GDP. A significant part of this cost can be attributed to interurban and cross-border congestion. A specific congestion charge should therefore be allowed, without prejudice to Article 9(1a) of Directive 1999/62/EC, and on condition that it is applied to all vehicle categories. In order to be effective and proportionate, the charge should be calculated on the basis of the marginal congestion cost and differentiated according to location, time and vehicle category. In order to maximise the positive effect of congestion charges, corresponding revenues should be allocated to projects seeking to tackle the root causes of the problem, such as cross-border infrastructure or modal shift, and to encourage a shift of traffic towards alternative transport routes, as well as the greatest possible use of low-emission public transport. In case of new collection infrastructure, the method of collection of congestion charges should itself not contribute to creation or further development of the congestion.

Amendment    20

Proposal for a directive

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14)  Congestion charges should reflect the actual costs imposed by each vehicle on other road users directly, and indirectly on society at large, in a proportionate manner. In order to avoid that they disproportionately hinder the free movement of people and goods, they should be limited to specific amounts reflecting marginal congestion cost in near capacity condition, that is to say when traffic volumes approach road capacity.

(14)  Congestion charges should reflect the actual costs imposed by each vehicle on other road users directly, and indirectly on society at large, in a proportionate manner. In order to avoid that they disproportionately hinder the free movement of people and goods, particularly in cross-border and urban areas, they should be limited to specific amounts reflecting marginal congestion cost in near capacity condition, that is to say when traffic volumes approach road capacity.

Amendment    21

Proposal for a directive

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)   Road charges can mobilise resources that contribute to the financing of the maintenance and development of high quality transport infrastructure. It is therefore appropriate to incentivise Member States to use revenues from road charges accordingly and, to this end, to require that they adequately report on the use of such revenues. That should in particular help identifying possible financing gaps, and raising the public acceptance of road charging.

(19)   Road charges mobilise resources that contribute to the financing of the maintenance and development of high quality transport infrastructure, including alternative transport infrastructure, reducing road transport pollution at source and facilitating the production and taking up of zero-emission vehicles. Therefore Member States should ring-fence and use revenues from road charges accordingly and, to this end, adequately report on the use of such revenues. That should in particular help identifying possible financing gaps, and raising the public acceptance of distance-based road charging.

Amendment    22

Proposal for a directive

Recital 21

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21)   It is necessary to ensure that external-cost charges continue to reflect the cost of air pollution and noise generated by heavy duty vehicles as accurately as possible without rendering the charging scheme excessively complex, to incentivise the use of the most fuel-efficient vehicles, and to keep the incentives effective and the differentiation of road charges up-to-date. Therefore, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission for the purpose of adapting the reference values for external cost charging to scientific progress, defining the modalities for the revenue-neutral variation of infrastructure charges according to the CO2 emissions from heavy duty vehicles, and adapting the modalities of the variation of infrastructure charges for light duty vehicles to technical progress. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making of 13 April 201621. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States’ experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

(21)   It is necessary to ensure that external-cost charges continue to reflect the cost of air pollution and noise generated by heavy duty vehicles and vans intended for the carriage of goods as accurately as possible without rendering the charging scheme excessively complex, to incentivise the use of the most fuel-efficient and clean vehicles, and to keep the incentives effective and the differentiation of road charges up-to-date. Therefore, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission for the purpose of adapting the minimum values for external cost charging to scientific progress, defining the modalities for the revenue-neutral variation of infrastructure charges according to the CO2 emissions from heavy duty vehicles and vans intended for the carriage of goods, and adapting the modalities of the variation of infrastructure charges for light duty vehicles to technical progress. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement on Better Law-Making of 13 April 201621. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States’ experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

____________________

____________________

21 OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1

21 OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1

Amendment    23

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 1 – paragraph 1 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  Existing concession contracts may be exempted from the requirements of this Directive until the contract is renewed.

Amendment    24

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 2 – point a

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

a)  new infrastructure or new infrastructure improvements, including significant structural repairs;

a)  new infrastructure, new alternative transport infrastructure for modal shifting, or new infrastructure improvements, including significant structural repairs;

Amendment    25

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 6

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6.  ‘toll’ means a specified amount based on the distance travelled on a given infrastructure and on the type of the vehicle, the payment of which confers the right for a vehicle to use the infrastructures, comprising an infrastructure charge, and as the case may be a congestion charge or an external-cost charge or both;

6.  ‘toll’ means a specified amount based on the distance travelled on a given infrastructure and on the type of the vehicle, the payment of which confers the right for a vehicle to use the infrastructures, comprising an infrastructure charge, an external-cost charge and as the case may be a congestion charge;

Amendment    26

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 7

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

7.  ‘infrastructure charge’ means a charge levied for the purpose of recovering the construction, the maintenance, the operation and the development costs related to infrastructure incurred in a Member State;

7.  ‘infrastructure charge’ means a charge levied for the purpose of recovering the construction, the maintenance, the operation and the development costs related to infrastructure incurred in a Member State and of cross-financing new, alternative transport infrastructure projects there;

Amendment    27

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 11

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

11.  ‘cost of traffic-based air pollution’ means the cost of the damage caused by the release of particulate matter and of ozone precursors, such as nitrogen oxide and volatile organic compounds, in the course of the operation of a vehicle;

11.  ‘cost of traffic-based air pollution’ means the cost of the harm to human health and of the damage caused to the environment by the release of particulate matter and of ozone precursors, such as nitrogen oxide and volatile organic compounds, in the course of the operation of a vehicle;

Amendment    28

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 12

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

12.  ‘cost of traffic-based noise pollution’ means the cost of the damage caused by the noise emitted by the vehicles or created by their interaction with the road surface;

12.  ‘cost of traffic-based noise pollution’ means the cost of the harm to human health and of the damage caused to the environment by the noise emitted by the vehicles or created by their interaction with the road surface;

Amendment    29

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 19

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)   ‘light duty vehicle’ means a passenger car, a minibus or van;

(19)   ‘light duty vehicle’ means a passenger car, a minibus, a van, or a van intended for the carriage of goods;

Amendment    30

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 22

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22)   ‘van’ means a vehicle intended for the carriage of goods, and having a maximum permissible mass not exceeding 3,5 tonnes;

(22)   ‘van’ means a vehicle having a maximum permissible mass not exceeding 3,5 tonnes;

Amendment    31

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 22 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(22a)   'van intended for the carriage of goods' means a category N1 Class III vehicle in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 715/20071a, intended for the carriage of goods;

 

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1a Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (OJ L 171, 29.6.2007, p.1).

Amendment    32

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2 (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 23 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(23a)  ‘zero-emission operation’ refers to hybrid vehicles when they operate with no exhaust emissions on the covered road network;

Amendment    33

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 2 – paragraph 2 – point b

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  costs of infrastructure or infrastructure improvements may include any specific expenditure on infrastructure designed to reduce nuisance related to noise or to improve road safety and actual payments made by the infrastructure operator corresponding to objective environmental elements such as protection against soil contamination.

(b)  costs of infrastructure or infrastructure improvements may include any specific expenditure on infrastructure designed to reduce nuisance related to noise or air pollution or to improve road safety and actual payments made by the infrastructure operator corresponding to objective environmental elements such as protection against soil contamination.

Amendment    34

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 3

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7 – paragraph 6

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6.  Without prejudice to paragraph 9, from 1 January 2018, Member States shall not introduce user charges for heavy duty vehicles. User charges introduced before that date may be maintained until 31 December 2023.

6.  Without prejudice to paragraph 9, from 1 January 2018, Member States shall not introduce user charges for heavy duty vehicles. User charges introduced before that date may be maintained until 31 December 2021.

Justification

There is no technical reason why Member States cannot phase out user charges for HDVs sooner.

Amendment    35

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 3

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7 – paragraph 9

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

9.   As of 1 January 2020, tolls and user charges applied to heavy duty vehicles shall apply to all heavy duty vehicles.

9.   As of 1 January 2020, tolls and user charges applied to heavy duty vehicles shall apply to all heavy duty vehicles, as well as to all vans intended for the carriage of goods fitted with a tachograph regulated by Regulation (EU) No 165/2014.

Amendment    36

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 3

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7 – paragraph 10

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

10. Tolls and user charges for heavy duty vehicles on the one hand and for light duty vehicles on the other may be introduced or maintained independently from one another.

10. Until 31 December 2025, tolls and user charges for heavy duty vehicles on the one hand and for light duty vehicles on the other may be introduced or maintained independently from one another.

Justification

Phase out of vignettes for all vehicles by 31 December 2025

Amendment    37

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7c – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Member States may maintain or introduce an external-cost charge, related to the cost of traffic-based air or noise pollution or both.

1.  Member States shall maintain or introduce an external-cost charge, related to the cost of traffic-based air or noise pollution or both, for all categories of vehicles.

For heavy duty vehicles, the external-cost charge shall vary and be set in accordance with the minimum requirements and the methods referred to in Annex IIIa and shall respect the reference values set out in Annex IIIb.

The external-cost charge shall vary and be set in accordance with the minimum requirements and the methods referred to in Annex IIIa and shall comply with at least the minimum values set out in Annex IIIb.

Amendment    38

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7c – paragraph 4 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a.   From 1 January 2022, Member States that levy tolls shall apply an external-cost charge, related to the cost of traffic-based air and noise pollution, to heavy-duty vehicles and to vans intended for the carriage of goods on all parts of the road network that are subject to an infrastructure charge.

Amendment    39

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7c – paragraph 4 b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4b.   From 1 January 2025, Member States shall apply or maintain the external-cost charge, related to the cost of traffic-based air and noise pollution, to all heavy-duty and light-duty vehicles on all parts of the road network that are subject to an infrastructure charge.

Amendment    40

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7c – paragraph 5

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  From 1 January 2021, Member States that levy tolls shall apply an external-cost charge to heavy duty vehicles on at least the part of the network referred to in Article 7(1) where environmental damage generated by heavy duty vehicles is higher than the average environmental damage generated by heavy duty vehicles defined in accordance with relevant reporting requirements referred to in Annex IIIa.

5.  Member States that levy tolls may apply a higher external-cost charge to heavy-duty and light-duty vehicles on the part of the network referred to in Article 7(1) where environmental damage generated by heavy duty vehicles and vans intended for the carriage of goods is higher than the average environmental damage generated by heavy duty vehicles and vans intended for the carriage of goods defined in accordance with relevant reporting requirements referred to in Annex IIIa.

Amendment    41

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7c – paragraph 5 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a.   Member States and competent regions may introduce or maintain an external-cost charge, related to the cost of traffic-based air or noise pollution on parts of the road network that are not covered by an infrastructure charge.

Amendment    42

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 6 (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7da – paragraph 2 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  In case of new collection infrastructure, the method of collection of congestion charges shall not contribute to the creation or further development of congestion.

Amendment    43

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7f – paragraph 1 – introductory part

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  After informing the Commission, a Member State may add a mark-up to the infrastructure charge levied on specific road sections which are regularly congested, or the use of which by vehicles causes significant environmental damage, where the following conditions are met:

1.  After informing the Commission, a Member State or a competent region may add a mark-up to the infrastructure charge levied on specific road sections which are regularly congested, or the use of which by vehicles causes significant environmental damage, where the following conditions are met:

Amendment    44

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7f – paragraph 1 – point b

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  the mark-up does not exceed 15 % of the weighted average infrastructure charge calculated in accordance with Article 7b(1) and Article 7e, except where the revenue generated is invested in cross-border sections of core network corridors, in which case the mark-up may not exceed 25 %;

(b)  the mark-up does not exceed 15 % of the weighted average infrastructure charge calculated in accordance with Article 7b(1) and Article 7e, except where the revenue generated is invested in cross-border sections of core network corridors, in which case the mark-up may not exceed 50 %;

Amendment    45

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7g – paragraph 4 – subparagraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Within one year from the entry into force of the delegated act, Member States shall vary the infrastructure charge taking into account the reference CO2 emission values and the relevant vehicle categorisation. Charges shall be varied in such a way that no infrastructure charge is more than 100% above the same charge for equivalent vehicles having the lowest, but not zero, CO2 emissions. Zero-emission vehicles shall benefit from infrastructure charges reduced by 75% compared to the highest rate.

Within one year from the entry into force of the delegated act, Member States shall vary the infrastructure charge taking into account the reference CO2 emission values and the relevant vehicle categorisation. Charges shall be varied in such a way that no infrastructure charge is more than 100% above the same charge for equivalent vehicles having the lowest, but not zero, CO2 emissions. From ... [date of entry into force of this Directive], zero-emission vehicles shall benefit from infrastructure charges reduced by 75 % compared to the highest rate. Likewise, zero-emission operation shall benefit from the same reduction, provided that such operation can be proven.

Amendment    46

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 7

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7g – paragraph 4 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a.   The Commission shall produce an evaluation report assessing the market share of zero-emission vehicles by ... [OJ: please insert the date: five years after the entry into force of this Directive]. The Commission is empowered to adopt, if appropriate, a delegated act, in accordance with Article 9e, to recalculate the discount applicable to zero-emission vehicles compared to the highest rate infrastructure charge.

Amendment    47

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 8

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7ga – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  From 1 January 2022 Member States shall vary tolls and, in the case of user charges, at least annual charges, according to the CO2 and pollutant emissions of vehicles in accordance with the rules set out in Annex VII.

2.  From 1 January 2022 Member States shall vary tolls and, in the case of user charges, at least monthly charges, according to the CO2 and pollutant emissions of vehicles in accordance with the rules set out in Annex VII.

Amendment    48

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 8

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7ga – paragraph 3 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a.  From ... [date of entry into force of this Directive], zero-emission light-duty vehicles shall benefit from infrastructure charges reduced by 75 % compared to the highest rate.

Amendment    49

Proposal for a directive

Article premier – paragraph 1 – point 10 – point a a (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 7i – paragraph 2 – point c a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa)  in paragraph 2 the following point is inserted:

 

“(ca)  users of passenger vehicles forced to use the infrastructure on a regular basis, in particular on account of living in a rural, enclosed or isolated area, shall benefit from such discounts or reductions up to a maximum of 50 %.”

Amendment    50

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 14 – point -a (new)

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(-a)   in paragraph 2, the first subparagraph is replaced by the following:

Member States shall determine the use of revenues generated by this Directive. To enable the transport network to be developed as a whole, revenues generated from infrastructure and external costs charges, or the equivalent in financial value of these revenues, should be used to benefit the transport sector, and optimise the entire transport system.

“To enable the transport network to be developed as a whole, revenues generated from infrastructure and external costs charges, shall be used to benefit the transport sector, and optimise the entire transport system. Revenues generated from infrastructure charges, or the equivalent in financial value of these revenues, shall be reinvested in one or more of the following:

 

(a)   supporting the trans-European transport network and its maintenance and upkeep;

 

(b)   optimising logistics;

 

(c)   improving road safety;

 

(d)   providing secure parking places.

In particular, revenues generated from external cost charges, or the equivalent in financial value of these revenues, should be used to make transport more sustainable, including one or more of the following:

Revenues generated from external cost charges, or the equivalent in financial value of these revenues, shall be used to make transport more sustainable and prevent harm to human health and damage to the environment, including one or more of the following:

(a)   facilitating efficient pricing;

(a)   facilitating efficient pricing;

(b)   reducing road transport pollution at source;

(b)   reducing road transport pollution at source;

(c)   mitigating the effects of road transport pollution at source;

(c)   mitigating the effects of road transport pollution at source;

(d)   improving the CO2 and energy performance of vehicles;

(d)   improving the CO2 and energy performance of vehicles;

(e)   developing alternative infrastructure for transport users and/or expanding current capacity;

(e)   developing alternative infrastructure for transport users and/or expanding current capacity;

(f)   supporting the trans-European transport network;

(f)   supporting and enhancing the development of electro-mobility including infrastructure to transfer electricity to vehicles;

(g)   optimising logistics;

(g)   cross-financing alternative, efficient transport projects resulting in environment-friendly modal shifting;

(h)  improving road safety; and

(h)   supporting collective modes of transport.”

(i)  providing secure parking places.

 

Amendment    51

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 14 – point b

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9 – paragraph 3 – point a a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa)  promoting the greater use of electric and (plug-in) hybrid vehicles;

Amendment    52

Proposal for a directive

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 15

Directive 1999/62/EC

Article 9e – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 7g(4), Article 7ga(4) and Article 9d shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from [date of entry into force of this Directive].

2.  The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 7g(4), Article 7ga(4) and Article 9d shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of 5 years from ... [date of entry into force of this Directive]. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the 5-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

Amendment    53

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point b – point i – indent 1

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex III – section 2 – point 2.1 – indent 6

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

-   Costs shall be apportioned to heavy duty vehicles on an objective and transparent basis taking account of the proportion of heavy duty vehicle traffic to be carried on the network and the associated costs. The vehicle kilometres travelled by heavy duty vehicles may for this purpose be adjusted by objectively justified ‘equivalence factors’ such as those set out in point 4 (*).

-  Costs shall be apportioned to heavy duty and light duty vehicles on an objective and transparent basis taking account of the proportion of different vehicle traffic to be carried on the network and the associated costs. The vehicle kilometres travelled by heavy duty vehicles may for this purpose be adjusted by objectively justified ‘equivalence factors’ such as those set out in point 4 (*).

Amendment    54

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point b – point i – indent 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex III – section 2 – point 2.2 – indent 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

-  Such costs shall be apportioned between heavy duty vehicles and other traffic on the basis of actual and forecast shares of vehicle kilometres and may be adjusted by objectively justified equivalence factors such as those set out in point 4.

-  Such costs shall be apportioned between heavy duty vehicles and other light duty vehicles on the basis of actual and forecast shares of vehicle kilometres and may be adjusted by objectively justified equivalence factors such as those set out in point 4.

Amendment    55

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point c

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIa – Title

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR LEVYING AN EXTERNAL-COST CHARGE

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR LEVYING A HIGHER EXTERNAL-COST CHARGE

Amendment    56

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point c

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIa – introductory part

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

This Annex sets out the minimum requirements for levying an external-cost charge and, where applicable, for calculating the maximum external-cost charge.

This Annex sets out the minimum requirements for levying a higher external-cost charge compared to the minimum values set out in Annex IIIb and, where applicable, for calculating the maximum external-cost charge.

Amendment    57

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point c

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIa – part 1 – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Member State shall specify precisely the part or parts of their road network which are to be subject to an external-cost charge.

The Member State shall specify precisely the part or parts of their road network which are to be subject to a higher external-cost charge compared to the minimum values set out in Annex IIIb.

Amendment    58

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point c

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIa – part 2 – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Where a Member State intends to apply higher external-cost charges than the reference values specified in Annex IIIb, it shall notify the Commission of the classification of vehicles according to which the external-cost charge shall vary. It shall also notify the Commission of the location of roads subject to higher external-cost charges (called hereafter ‘suburban roads (including motorways)’), and of roads subject to lower external-cost charges (called hereafter ‘interurban roads (including motorways)’).

Where a Member State intends to apply higher external-cost charges than the minimum values specified in Annex IIIb, it shall notify the Commission of the classification of vehicles according to which the external-cost charge shall vary. It shall also notify the Commission of the location of roads subject to higher external-cost charges (called hereafter ‘suburban roads (including motorways)’), and of roads subject to minimum external-cost charges (called hereafter ‘interurban roads (including motorways)’).

Amendment    59

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point c

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIa – part 3 – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

This section shall apply where a Member State intends to apply higher external cost charges than the reference values specified in Annex IIIb.

This section shall apply where a Member State intends to apply higher external cost charges than the minimum values specified in Annex IIIb.

Amendment    60

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point c

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIa – part 4 – point 4.1 – introductory part

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Where a Member State intends to apply higher external-cost charges than the reference values specified in Annex IIIb, that Member State or, where appropriate, an independent authority shall calculate the chargeable cost of traffic–based air pollution by applying the following formula:

Where a Member State intends to apply higher external-cost charges than the minimum values specified in Annex IIIb, that Member State or, where appropriate, an independent authority shall calculate the chargeable cost of traffic–based air pollution by applying the following formula:

Amendment    61

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point c

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIa – part 4 – point 4.2 – introductory part

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Where a Member State intends to apply higher external-cost charges than the reference values specified in Annex IIIb, the Member State or, where appropriate, an independent authority shall calculate the chargeable cost of traffic–based noise pollution by applying the following formulae:

Where a Member State intends to apply higher external-cost charges than the minimum values specified in Annex IIIb, the Member State or, where appropriate, an independent authority shall calculate the chargeable cost of traffic–based noise pollution by applying the following formulae:

Amendment    62

Proposal for a directive

Annex 1 – point 1 – point d

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIb – Title

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

REFERENCE VALUES OF THE EXTERNAL-COST CHARGE

MINIMUM VALUES OF THE EXTERNAL-COST CHARGE

Amendment    63

Proposal for a directive

Annex 1 – point 1 – point d

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIb – paragraph 1

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

This Annex sets out reference values of the external-cost charge, including the cost of air pollution and noise.

This Annex sets out minimum values of the external-cost charge, including the cost of air pollution and noise.

Amendment    64

Proposal for a directive

Annex 1 – point 1 – point d

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIb – table 1 – title

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Table 1: reference values of the external-cost charge for heavy goods vehicles

Table 1: minimum values of the external-cost charge for heavy goods vehicles

Amendment    65

Proposal for a directive

Annex 1 – point 1 – point d

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIb – table 2 – title

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Table 2: reference values of the external-cost charge for coaches

Table 2: minimum values of the external-cost charge for coaches

Amendment    66

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point d

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIb – table 2 a (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

 

 

Amendment

Table 2a: minimum values of the external-cost charge for passenger cars:

 

Vehicle

Engine

EURO-Class

Suburban

Interurban

Car diesel

<1.4l

Euro 2

1,9

0,9

Euro 3

1,6

0,9

Euro 4

1,3

0,7

Euro 5

0,9

0,5

Euro 6

0,6

0,3

1.4-2.0l

Euro 0

3,6

1,0

Euro 1

1,9

0,9

Euro 2

1,8

0,8

Euro 3

1,7

0,9

Euro 4

1,4

0,7

Euro 5

0,9

0,5

Euro 6

0,6

0.3

>2.0l

Euro 0

3,9

1.3

Euro 1

1,9

0.9

Euro 2

1,8

0,9

Euro 3

1,7

0,9

Euro 4

1,4

0,7

Euro 5

0,9

0,5

Euro 6

0,6

0,3

Car petrol

<1.4l

Euro 0

3,7

2,4

Euro 1

1,0

0,4

Euro 2

0,7

0,3

Euro 3

0,5

0,2

Euro 4

0,5

0,2

Euro 5

0,5

0,2

Euro 6

0,5

0,2

1.4-2.0l

Euro 0

3,9

3,0

Euro 1

1,1

0,4

Euro 2

0,7

0,3

Euro 3

0,5

0,2

 

 

Euro 4

0,5

0,2

Euro 5

0,4

0,2

Euro 6

0,4

0,2

>2.0l

Euro 0

4,0

3,0

Euro 1

1,0

0,4

Euro 2

0,5

0,3

Euro 3

0,5

0,2

Euro 4

0,5

0,2

Euro 5

0,4

0,2

Euro 6

0,4

0,2

Amendment    67

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 1 – point d

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex IIIb – Table 2 b (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

 

 

Amendment

Table 2b: minimum values of the external-cost charge for vans intended for the carriage of goods:

Vehicle

EURO-Class

Suburban

Interurban

Van intended for the carriage of goods petrol

Euro 1

2,4

0,7

Euro 2

1,9

0,4

Euro 3

1,8

0,4

Euro 4

1,7

0,3

Euro 5

1,6

0,3

Euro 6

1,6

0,3

Van intended for the carriage of goods diesel

Euro 1

4,0

1,7

Euro 2

4,1

1,7

Euro 3

3,5

1,3

Euro 4

3,0

1,1

Euro 5

2,2

0,8

Euro 6

1,9

0,5

Amendment    68

Proposal for a directive

Annex I – point 2

Directive 1999/62/EC

Annex V – part 1 – table 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Table 2: Equivalence factors for establishing the proportion between congestion charge levels for different vehicle categories

Vehicle category

Equivalence factor

Light duty vehicles

1

Rigid heavy goods vehicles

1.9

Buses and coaches

2.5

Articulated heavy goods vehicles

2.9

 

Amendment

Table 2: Equivalence factors for establishing the proportion between congestion charge levels for different vehicle categories

Vehicle category

Equivalence factor

Light duty vehicles

1

Rigid heavy goods vehicles

1,9

Buses and coaches

1,5

Articulated heavy goods vehicles

2,9

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Charging of heavy goods vehicles for the use of certain infrastructures

References

COM(2017)0275 – C8-0171/2017 – 2017/0114(COD)

Committee responsible

Date announced in plenary

TRAN

15.6.2017

 

 

 

Opinion by

Date announced in plenary

ENVI

15.6.2017

Associated committees - date announced in plenary

16.11.2017

Rapporteur

Date appointed

Seb Dance

21.6.2017

Discussed in committee

24.1.2018

 

 

 

Date adopted

27.3.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

50

11

1

Members present for the final vote

Marco Affronte, Pilar Ayuso, Zoltán Balczó, Catherine Bearder, Ivo Belet, Biljana Borzan, Paul Brannen, Soledad Cabezón Ruiz, Nessa Childers, Alberto Cirio, Miriam Dalli, Seb Dance, Angélique Delahaye, Mark Demesmaeker, Stefan Eck, Bas Eickhout, Francesc Gambús, Elisabetta Gardini, Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, Arne Gericke, Jens Gieseke, Julie Girling, Sylvie Goddyn, Françoise Grossetête, Andrzej Grzyb, György Hölvényi, Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Jean-François Jalkh, Benedek Jávor, Kateřina Konečná, Urszula Krupa, Giovanni La Via, Peter Liese, Lukas Mandl, Valentinas Mazuronis, Joëlle Mélin, Massimo Paolucci, Bolesław G. Piecha, Pavel Poc, John Procter, Julia Reid, Frédérique Ries, Michèle Rivasi, Daciana Octavia Sârbu, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Davor Škrlec, Ivica Tolić, Adina-Ioana Vălean, Jadwiga Wiśniewska, Damiano Zoffoli

Substitutes present for the final vote

Cristian-Silviu Buşoi, Nicola Caputo, Albert Deß, Eleonora Evi, Christofer Fjellner, Elena Gentile, Norbert Lins, Gabriele Preuß, Christel Schaldemose, Dubravka Šuica, Keith Taylor, Carlos Zorrinho

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

50

+

ALDE:

Catherine Bearder, Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Valentinas Mazuronis, Frédérique Ries

EFDD:

Eleonora Evi

GUE/NGL:

Stefan Eck, Kateřina Konečná

PPE:

Pilar Ayuso, Ivo Belet, Cristian-Silviu Buşoi, Alberto Cirio, Angélique Delahaye, Albert Deß, Christofer Fjellner, Francesc Gambús, Elisabetta Gardini, Jens Gieseke, Julie Girling, Françoise Grossetête, Andrzej Grzyb, Giovanni La Via, Peter Liese, Norbert Lins, Lukas Mandl, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Dubravka Šuica, Ivica Tolić, Adina-Ioana Vălean

S&D:

Biljana Borzan, Paul Brannen, Soledad Cabezón Ruiz, Nicola Caputo, Nessa Childers, Miriam Dalli, Seb Dance, Elena Gentile, Massimo Paolucci, Pavel Poc, Gabriele Preuß, Christel Schaldemose, Daciana Octavia Sârbu, Damiano Zoffoli, Carlos Zorrinho

VERTS/ALE:

Marco Affronte, Bas Eickhout, Benedek Jávor, Michèle Rivasi, Davor Škrlec, Keith Taylor

11

-

ECR:

Arne Gericke, Urszula Krupa, Bolesław G. Piecha, John Procter, Jadwiga Wiśniewska

EFDD:

Julia Reid

ENF:

Sylvie Goddyn, Jean-François Jalkh, Joëlle Mélin

NI :

Zoltán Balczó

PPE:

György Hölvényi

1

0

ECR

Mark Demesmaeker

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Charging of heavy goods vehicles for the use of certain infrastructures

References

COM(2017)0275 – C8-0171/2017 – 2017/0114(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

31.5.2017

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

TRAN

15.6.2017

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

       Date announced in plenary

ECON

16.11.2017

ENVI

15.6.2017

 

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

ECON

27.2.2018

 

 

 

Associated committees

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

16.11.2017

 

 

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Christine Revault d’Allonnes Bonnefoy

4.7.2017

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

22.1.2018

20.3.2018

14.5.2018

 

Date adopted

24.5.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

35

2

3

Members present for the final vote

Lucy Anderson, Inés Ayala Sender, Georges Bach, Deirdre Clune, Michael Cramer, Luis de Grandes Pascual, Andor Deli, Karima Delli, Isabella De Monte, Ismail Ertug, Jacqueline Foster, Dieter-Lebrecht Koch, Merja Kyllönen, Miltiadis Kyrkos, Bogusław Liberadzki, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Gabriele Preuß, Christine Revault d’Allonnes Bonnefoy, Dominique Riquet, Massimiliano Salini, David-Maria Sassoli, Claudia Schmidt, Claudia Țapardel, Keith Taylor, Pavel Telička, Wim van de Camp, Marie-Pierre Vieu, Janusz Zemke, Elżbieta Katarzyna Łukacijewska

Substitutes present for the final vote

Michael Gahler, Ramona Nicole Mănescu, Marek Plura, Jozo Radoš, Matthijs van Miltenburg

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Eric Andrieu, Eleonora Evi, Jude Kirton-Darling, Anneleen Van Bossuyt, Marco Zullo

Date tabled

7.6.2018


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

35

+

ALDE

Jozo Radoš, Dominique Riquet, Pavel Telička, Matthijs van Miltenburg

EFDD

Eleonora Evi, Marco Zullo

GUE/NGL

Merja Kyllönen, Marie-Pierre Vieu

PPE

Georges Bach, Deirdre Clune, Michael Gahler, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Ramona Nicole Mănescu, Marek Plura, Massimiliano Salini, Claudia Schmidt, Luis de Grandes Pascual, Wim van de Camp, Elżbieta Katarzyna Łukacijewska

S&D

Lucy Anderson, Eric Andrieu, Inés Ayala Sender, Isabella De Monte, Ismail Ertug, Jude Kirton-Darling, Miltiadis Kyrkos, Bogusław Liberadzki, Gabriele Preuß, Christine Revault d'Allonnes Bonnefoy, David-Maria Sassoli, Janusz Zemke, Claudia Țapardel

VERTS/ALE

Michael Cramer, Karima Delli, Keith Taylor

2

-

ECR

Jacqueline Foster

PPE

Andor Deli

3

0

ECR

Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Anneleen Van Bossuyt

PPE

Dieter-Lebrecht Koch

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

An nuashonrú is déanaí: 8 Meitheamh 2018Fógra dlíthiúil