Procedure : 2018/0074(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0310/2018

Texts tabled :

A8-0310/2018

Debates :

PV 11/02/2019 - 14
CRE 11/02/2019 - 14

Votes :

PV 25/10/2018 - 13.9
CRE 25/10/2018 - 13.9
PV 12/02/2019 - 9.8
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2018)0425
P8_TA(2019)0069

REPORT     ***I
PDF 884kWORD 126k
10.10.2018
PE 622.105v03-00 A8-0310/2018

on the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a multiannual plan for fish stocks in the Western Waters and adjacent waters, and for fisheries exploiting those stocks, amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 establishing a multiannual plan for the Baltic Sea, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 811/2004, (EC) No 2166/2005, (EC) No 388/2006, (EC) No 509/2007 and (EC) No 1300/2008

(COM(2018)0149– C8-0126/2018– 2018/0074(COD)

Committee on Fisheries

Rapporteur: Alain Cadec

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a multiannual plan for fish stocks in the Western Waters and adjacent waters, and for fisheries exploiting those stocks, amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 establishing a multiannual plan for the Baltic Sea, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 811/2004, (EC) No 2166/2005, (EC) No 388/2006, (EC) No 509/2007 and (EC) No 1300/2008

(COM(2018)0149 – C8-0126/2018 – 2018/0074(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2018)0149),

–  having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 43(2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8-0126/2018),

–  having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–  having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 19 September 2018(1),

–  having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on Fisheries (A8-0310/2018),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Proposal for a

Proposal for a

REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

establishing a multiannual plan for fish stocks in the Western Waters and adjacent waters, and for fisheries exploiting those stocks, amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 establishing a multiannual plan for the Baltic Sea, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 811/2004, (EC) No 2166/2005, (EC) No 388/2006, (EC) 509/2007 and (EC) 1300/2008

establishing a multiannual plan for demersal stocks in the Western Waters and adjacent waters, and for fisheries exploiting those stocks, amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 establishing a multiannual plan for the Baltic Sea, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 811/2004, (EC) No 2166/2005, (EC) No 388/2006, (EC) 509/2007 and (EC) 1300/2008

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4)  The objectives of the CFP are, inter alia, to ensure that fishing and aquaculture are environmentally sustainable in the long term, to apply the precautionary approach to fisheries management, and to implement the ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management.

(4)  The objectives of the CFP are, inter alia, to ensure that fishing and aquaculture are environmentally sustainable in the long term and are managed in a manner consistent with the objectives of generating economic, social and employment benefits, to reduce the Union market's dependence on food imports, to promote direct and indirect job creation and the economic development of coastal areas, to apply the precautionary approach to fisheries management and to implement the ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a)  Pursuant to the principles of the Common Fisheries Policy and to ensure a level playing field and fair competition between sea basins, there should be a uniform framework in all multi-annual plans and no sea basin-specific derogations regarding the principles for quota setting.

Justification

Allowing for derogations in this plan from the legal obligation to restore and maintain stocks above levels able to produce MSY before 2020 and going beyond the ranges of FMSY agreed in previous MAPs would not only be diluting the CFP and harm fish stocks but also be unfair to fishermen in the Baltic Sea and in the North Sea who are obliged to stay within the agreed framework without exemptions.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  For the achievement of the objectives of the CFP, a number of conservation measures are to be adopted as appropriate in any combination thereof, such as multi-annual plans, technical measures, fixing and allocation of fishing opportunities.

(5)  For the achievement of the objectives of the CFP, a number of conservation measures are to be adopted as appropriate in any combination thereof, such as multi-annual plans, technical measures, fixing and allocation of fishing opportunities, in accordance with the best available scientific advice.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(5a)  Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 expressly sets the objective of restoring and maintaining populations of harvested species above levels which can produce maximum sustainable yield. To achieve that goal, Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 stipulates that all stocks should gradually reach the level of fishing rate capable of producing the maximum sustainable yield by 2015 if possible, or by 2020 at the latest.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6)  Pursuant to Articles 9 and 10 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, multi-annual plans are to be based on scientific, technical and economic advice. In accordance with those provisions, this plan should contain objectives, quantifiable targets with clear timeframes, conservation reference points, safeguards and technical measures designed to avoid and reduce unwanted catches.

(6)  Pursuant to Articles 9 and 10 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, multi-annual plans are to be based on scientific, technical and economic advice. In accordance with those provisions, this plan should contain objectives, quantifiable targets with clear timeframes, conservation reference points, safeguards and technical measures designed to avoid and reduce unwanted catches, to minimise the impact on the marine environment, in particular habitat and seabed disturbance, as well as to meet social and economic objectives.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  The Commission should obtain the best available scientific advice for the stocks within the scope of the multiannual plan. In order to do so it concludes Memoranda of Understanding with the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). The scientific advice issued by ICES should be based on this multiannual plan and should indicate, in particular, ranges of FMSY and biomass reference points, i.e. MSY Btrigger and Blim. Those values should be indicated in the relevant stock advice and, where appropriate, in any other publicly-available scientific advice, including, for example, in mixed fisheries advice issued by ICES.

(8)  The Commission should obtain the best available scientific advice for the stocks within the scope of the multiannual plan. In order to do so it concludes, in particular, Memoranda of Understanding with the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). The scientific advice issued by ICES should be based on this multiannual plan and should indicate, in particular, ranges of FMSY and biomass reference points, i.e. MSY Btrigger and Blim. Those values should be indicated in the relevant stock advice and, where appropriate, in any other publicly-available scientific advice, including, for example, in mixed and/or multispecies fisheries advice issued by ICES.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  Council Regulations (EC) No 811/200418, (EC) No 2166/200519, (EC) No 388/200620, (EC) 509/200721, (EC) No 1300/200822and (EC) No 1342/200823set out the rules for the exploitation of the northern stock of hake, hake and Norway lobster stocks in the Cantabrian Sea and by the Western Iberian Peninsula, sole in the Bay of Biscay, sole in the Western Channel, herring in the West of Scotland and cod in the Kattegat, the North Sea in the West of Scotland and the Irish Sea. These and other demersal stocks are taken in mixed fisheries. Therefore, it is appropriate to establish a single multi-annual plan taking into account such technical interactions.

(9)  Council Regulations (EC) No 811/200418, (EC) No 2166/200519, (EC) No 388/200620, (EC) 509/200721, (EC) No 1300/200822 and (EC) No 1342/200823 set out the rules for the exploitation of the northern stock of hake, hake and Norway lobster stocks in the Cantabrian Sea and by the Western Iberian Peninsula, sole in the Bay of Biscay, sole in the Western Channel, herring in the West of Scotland and cod in the Kattegat, the North Sea in the West of Scotland and the Irish Sea. These and other demersal stocks are taken in mixed and/or multispecies fisheries. Therefore, it is appropriate to establish a single multi-annual plan taking into account such technical interactions.

_________________

_________________

18 Council Regulation (EC) No 811/2004 of 21.4.2004 establishing measures for the recovery of the Northern hake stock (OJ L 150, 30.4.2004, p. 1)

18 Council Regulation (EC) No 811/2004 of 21.4.2004 establishing measures for the recovery of the Northern hake stock (OJ L 150, 30.4.2004, p. 1)

19 Council Regulation (EC) No 2166/2005 of 20 December 2005 establishing measures for the recovery of the Southern hake and Norway lobster stocks in the Cantabrian Sea and Western Iberian peninsula and amending Regulation (EC) No 850/98 for the conservation of fishery resources through technical measures for the protection of juveniles of marine organisms (OJ L 345, 28.12.2005, p. 5)

19 Council Regulation (EC) No 2166/2005 of 20 December 2005 establishing measures for the recovery of the Southern hake and Norway lobster stocks in the Cantabrian Sea and Western Iberian peninsula and amending Regulation (EC) No 850/98 for the conservation of fishery resources through technical measures for the protection of juveniles of marine organisms (OJ L 345, 28.12.2005, p. 5)

20 Council Regulation (EC) No 388/2006 of 23 February 2006 establishing a multiannual plan for the sustainable exploitation of the stock of sole in the Bay of Biscay (OJ L 65, 7.3.2006, p. 1)

20 Council Regulation (EC) No 388/2006 of 23 February 2006 establishing a multiannual plan for the sustainable exploitation of the stock of sole in the Bay of Biscay (OJ L 65, 7.3.2006, p. 1)

21 Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2007 of 7 May 2007 establishing a multi-annual plan for the sustainable exploitation of the stock of sole in the Western Channel (OJ L 122, 11.5.2007, p. 7)

21 Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2007 of 7 May 2007 establishing a multi-annual plan for the sustainable exploitation of the stock of sole in the Western Channel (OJ L 122, 11.5.2007, p. 7)

22 Council Regulation (EC) No 1300/2008 of 18 December 2008 establishing a multi-annual plan for the stock of herring distributed to the west of Scotland and the fisheries exploiting that stock (OJ L 344, 20.12.2008, p. 6)

22 Council Regulation (EC) No 1300/2008 of 18 December 2008 establishing a multi-annual plan for the stock of herring distributed to the west of Scotland and the fisheries exploiting that stock (OJ L 344, 20.12.2008, p. 6)

23 Council Regulation (EC) No 1342/2008 of 18 December 2008 establishing a long-term plan for cod stocks and the fisheries exploiting those stocks and repealing Regulation (EC) No 423/2004 (OJ L 348, 24.12.2008, p. 20)

23 Council Regulation (EC) No 1342/2008 of 18 December 2008 establishing a long-term plan for cod stocks and the fisheries exploiting those stocks and repealing Regulation (EC) No 423/2004 (OJ L 348, 24.12.2008, p. 20)

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11)  Some demersal stocks are exploited both in the Western Waters and in their adjacent waters. Therefore the scope of the provisions of the plan relating to targets and safeguards for stocks that are mainly exploited in the Western Waters should be extended for those areas outside the Western Waters. In addition, for stocks also present in the Western Waters that are mainly exploited outside the Western Waters, it is necessary to establish the targets and safeguards in multiannual plans for areas outside the Western Waters where those stocks are mainly exploited, extending the scope of those multiannual plans so that they also cover the Western Waters.

(11)  Some demersal stocks are exploited both in the Western Waters and in their adjacent waters. Therefore the scope of the provisions of the plan relating to targets and safeguards for demersal stocks that are mainly exploited in the Western Waters should be extended for those areas containing those stocks that are situated outside the Western Waters, provided that they do not fall within the sovereignty or jurisdiction of a third country. In addition, for stocks also present in the Western Waters that are mainly exploited outside the Western Waters, it is necessary to establish the targets and safeguards in multiannual plans for areas outside the Western Waters where those demersal stocks are mainly exploited, extending the scope of those multiannual plans so that they also cover the Western Waters.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(11a)  The management plan shouldnot limit itself to considering mechanisms for determining fishing opportunities in the short term, which would generate uncertainty and a lack of transparency for the sector.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12)  The geographical scope of the multiannual plan should be based on the geographical distribution of stocks indicated in the latest scientific stock advice provided by ICES. Future changes to the geographical distribution of stocks as set out in the multiannual plan may be needed either due to improved scientific information or due to migration of stocks. Therefore, the Commission should be empowered to adopt delegated acts adjusting the geographical distribution of stocks set out in the multiannual plan if the scientific advice provided by ICES indicates a change in the geographical distribution of the relevant stocks.

(12)  The geographical scope of the multiannual plan should be based on the geographical distribution of demersal stocks indicated in the latest scientific stock advice provided by ICES. Future changes to the geographical distribution of stocks as set out in the multiannual plan may be needed either due to improved scientific information or due to migration of demersal stocks. Therefore, the Commission should be empowered to adopt delegated acts adjusting the geographical distribution of stocks set out in the multiannual plan if the scientific advice provided by ICES, or a similar independent scientific body recognised at Union or international level, indicates a change in the geographical distribution of the relevant stocks.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14)  The objective of this plan should be to contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the CFP, and in particular, reaching and maintaining MSY for the target stocks, implementing the landing obligation for demersal stocks subject to catch limits, promoting a fair standard of living for those who depend on fishing activities, bearing in mind coastal fisheries and socio-economic aspects. It should also implement the ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management in order to minimise negative impacts of fishing activities on the marine ecosystem. It should be coherent with the Union’s environmental legislation, in particular the objective of achieving good environmental status by 2020 (in accordance with Directive 2008/56/EC) and the objectives of Directive 2009/147/EC and Council Directive 92/43/EEC. This plan should also specify details for the implementation of the landing obligation in Union waters of the Western Waters for all stocks of species to which the landing obligation applies under Article 15 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013.

(14)  The objective of this plan should be to contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the CFP, and in particular, reaching and maintaining stocks covered by this Regulation above levels which can produce the maximum sustainable yield, implementing the landing obligation for demersal stocks subject to catch limits, promoting a fair standard of living for those who depend on fishing activities, bearing in mind coastal fisheries and socio-economic aspects. It should also implement the ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management in order to minimise negative impacts of fishing activities on the marine ecosystem. It should be coherent with the Union’s environmental legislation, in particular the objective of achieving good environmental status by 2020 (in accordance with Directive 2008/56/EC) and the objectives of Directive 2009/147/EC and Council Directive 92/43/EEC. This plan should also specify details for the implementation of the landing obligation in Union waters of the Western Waters for species caught in demersal fisheries and to which the landing obligation applies under Article 15 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16)  It is appropriate to establish the target fishing mortality (F) that corresponds to the objective of reaching and maintaining MSY as ranges of values which are consistent with achieving MSY (FMSY). Those ranges, based on best available scientific advice, are necessary in order to provide flexibility to take account of developments in the scientific advice, to contribute to the implementation of the landing obligation and to take into account the characteristics of mixed fisheries. The FMSY ranges should be calculated by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), in particular in its periodic catch advice. Based on this plan they are derived to deliver no more than a 5% reduction in long-term yield compared to MSY24. The upper limit of the range is capped, so that the probability of the stock falling below Blim is no more than 5%. That upper limit also conforms to the ICES "advice rule", which indicates that when the spawning biomass or abundance is in a poor state, F be reduced to a value that does not exceed an upper limit equal to the FMSY point value multiplied by the spawning biomass or abundance in the total allowable catch (TAC) year divided by MSY Btrigger. ICES uses these considerations and the advice rule in its provision of scientific advice on fishing mortality and catch options.

(16)   It is appropriate to establish the target fishing mortality (F) that corresponds to the objective of reaching and maintaining MSY as ranges of values which are consistent with achieving MSY (FMSY). Those ranges, based on best available scientific advice, are necessary in order to provide flexibility to take account of developments in the scientific advice, to contribute to the implementation of the landing obligation and to take into account the characteristics of mixed fisheries. The FMSY ranges should be calculated, inter alia, by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), in particular in its periodic catch advice. Based on this plan they are derived to deliver no more than a 5% reduction in long-term yield compared to MSY24. The upper limit of the range is capped, so that the probability of the stock falling below Blim is no more than 5%. That upper limit also conforms to the ICES "advice rule", which indicates that when the spawning biomass or abundance is in a poor state, F be reduced to a value that does not exceed an upper limit equal to the FMSY point value multiplied by the spawning biomass or abundance in the total allowable catch (TAC) year divided by MSY Btrigger. ICES uses these considerations and the advice rule in its provision of scientific advice on fishing mortality and catch options.

___________

___________

24 EU request to ICES to provide FMSY ranges for selected stocks in ICES subareas 5 to 10.

24 EU request to ICES to provide FMSY ranges for selected stocks in ICES subareas 5 to 10.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(16a)  In order to achieve the objectives set out in Article 2(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, it is appropriate to establish the target fishing mortality (F) as not exceeding the maximum sustainable yield exploitation rate. This rate shouldbe achieved as soon as possible and, on a progressive, incremental basis at the latest by 2020 for all stocks to which this Regulation applies.

Amendment    15

Proposal for a Regulation

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20)  It should be possible to set the total allowable catches (TACs) for Norway lobster in Western Waters as the sum of the catch limits established for each functional unit and of the statistical rectangles outside the functional units within that TAC area. However, this does not preclude the adoption of measures to protect specific functional units.

(20)  It should be possible to set the total allowable catches (TACs) for a stock of Norway lobster in Western Waters as the sum of the catch limits established for each functional unit and of the statistical rectangles outside the functional units within the area defined for that stock. However, this does not preclude the adoption of measures to protect specific functional units.

Amendment    16

Proposal for a Regulation

Recital 21 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(21a)  Specific fishing bans for sea bass and pollack should now be established, in particular with a view to protecting broodstock during the breeding season. In order to protect declining stock levels of sea bass and pollack, Member States should establish appropriate commercial and recreational recovery measures as determined by the best available scientific evidence.

Amendment    17

Proposal for a Regulation

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22)  Where the Council takes into account a significant impact of recreational fisheries in the framework of the fishing opportunities for a certain stock, it should be able to set a TAC for commercial catches which takes into account the volume of recreational catches and/or to adopt other measures restricting recreational fisheries such as bag limits and closure periods.

(22)  When mortality caused by recreational fishing has a significant impact on a stock managed on the basis of MSY, the Council should be able to establish individual and non-discriminatory fishing opportunities for recreational fishermen. Those individual recreational fishing opportunities should cover periods of no less than one month, in line with the realities of recreational fishing practices and catches. Recreational catches of certain species of high commercial value should be indicated by means of the ablation of part of the tail fin, so that those catches cannot easily be used illegally in commercial fish distribution channels.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 23

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(23)  In order to comply with the landing obligation established by Article 15(1) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, the plan should provide for additional management measures to be further specified in accordance with Article 18 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013.

(23)  In order to comply with the landing obligation established by Article 15(1) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 and to minimise negative impacts on the ecosystem, the plan should provide for additional management measures, in particular measures to gradually avoid and eliminate discards and to minimise the negative impact of fishing on the ecosystem, taking into account the best available scientific advice, to be further specified, where appropriate, in accordance with Article 18 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013. It should also be specified that the landing obligation does not apply to recreational fishing. In the absence of joint recommendations, the Commission may adopt delegated acts.

Justification

The CFP stipulates in Art 2.5 that discards must be gradually eliminated by avoiding and reducing as far as possible unwanted catches in the first place.

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 23 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(23a)  In order to protect sensitive species and habitats, in particular those critically endangered and impacted due to fishing pressure, the plan should establish management measures to the concerned fisheries including modification of vessel gears, modification of vessel activities, and modifications to the vessel itself. The plan should provide for additional management measures to be further specified in accordance with Article 18 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013. The Commission should be able to adopt implementing acts laying down a sea basin analysis, and the format and timetables for the submission and approval of management measures.

Amendment    20

Proposal for a Regulation

Recital 24 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(24a)  The Commission should submit an annual report to the European Parliament on the best available scientific advice, used for the determination of fishing opportunities or the application of safeguard measures by the Council, and should inform Parliament in advance when scientific advice could lead to significant variations in the determining of fishing opportunities.

Amendment    21

Proposal for a Regulation

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25)  In accordance with Article 10(3) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 provisions should be established for the periodical assessment by the Commission of the adequacy and effectiveness of the application of this Regulation based on scientific advice. The plan should be evaluated by ... [five years after the date of entry into force of this Regulation], and every five years thereafter. That period allows for the full implementation of the landing obligation, and for regionalised measures to be adopted, implemented and to show effects on the stocks and fishery. It is also the minimum period required by scientific bodies.

(25)  In accordance with Article 10(3) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 provisions should be established for the assessment by the Commission of the adequacy and effectiveness of the application of this Regulation based on scientific advice. The plan should be evaluated by ... [five years after the date of entry into force of this Regulation], and its provisions on the framework mechanism for Council decisions on determining fishing opportunities directly on the basis of the best available scientific advice should cease to apply on 31 December XXXX [seventh year after the date of entry into force of this Regulation]. That period allows for the full implementation of the landing obligation, and for regionalised measures to be adopted and implemented . It is also the minimum period required by scientific bodies to evaluate the effects on stocks and fisheries, and to give Parliament and the Council sufficient time to come to a decision on any new proposals for the multiannual management of those stocks.

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 26

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(26)  In order to adapt to the technical and scientific progress in a timely and proportionate fashion and to ensure flexibility and allow evolution of certain measures, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of supplementing this Regulation as regards remedial measures and implementation of the landing obligation. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Inter-institutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making25. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

(26)  In order to adapt to the technical and scientific progress in a timely and proportionate fashion and to ensure flexibility and allow evolution of certain measures, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of supplementing this Regulation as regards remedial measures and implementation of the landing obligation. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations with the Advisory Councils affected during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Inter-institutional Agreement of 13 April 201625 on Better Law-Making . In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

_________________

_________________

25 OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1.

25 OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1.

Amendment    23

Proposal for a Regulation

Recital 28

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(28)  Applying dynamic references to ranges of FMSY and to conservation reference points guarantees that these parameters, which are essential for setting fishing opportunities, do not become outdated and the Council is always able to use the best available scientific advice. Moreover, that approach providing dynamic references to the best available scientific advice should be followed for managing stocks in the Baltic Sea. In this context, "best available scientific advice" refers to publicly available scientific advice that is supported by the most up-to-date scientific data and methods and has either been issued or reviewed by an independent scientific body that is recognised at the European Union or international level. Regulation (EU) 2016/113927 should therefore be amended.

(28)  Applying dynamic references to ranges of FMSY and to conservation reference points guarantees that these parameters, which are essential for setting fishing opportunities, do not become outdated and the Council is always able to use the best available scientific advice. Moreover, that approach providing dynamic references to the best available scientific advice should be followed for managing stocks in the Baltic Sea for seven years. The Commission should also submit an annual report to the European Parliament on the best available scientific advice used, and should inform Parliament in advance when scientific advice could lead to significant variations in the determining of fishing opportunities. In this context, "best available scientific advice" refers to publicly available scientific advice which is peer reviewed by the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF) or other appropriate scientific bodies such as the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). It shall be supported by the most up-to-date scientific data and methods available and meet the requirements of Article 25 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013.

_________________

 

27  Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2016 establishing a multiannual plan for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and the fisheries exploiting those stocks, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2187/2005 and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1098/2007 (OJ L 191, 15.7.2016, p. 1).

 

Amendment    24

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  This Regulation establishes a multiannual plan ("plan") for the following demersal stocks, including deep-sea stocks, in the Western Waters, including the fisheries exploiting those stocks, and, where those stocks extend beyond the Western Waters, in its adjacent waters:

1.  This Regulation establishes a multiannual plan ("plan") for the demersal stocks listed below, including deep-sea stocks, in the Western Waters, and, where those stocks extend beyond the Western Waters, in its adjacent waters where they do not fall under the sovereignty or jurisdiction of a third country, and for fisheries exploiting those stocks:

Amendment    25

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4)  Seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) in divisions 4b, 4c, 7a, and 7d–h;

(4)  Seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax) in divisions 4b, 4c, 7a, 7b, 7d–h, 7j, subarea 8 and division 9a;

Justification

Sea bass is a high-value target species. It is imperative, if the best possible use is to be made of this resource, that it is managed on the basis of MSY. The species distribution area is broad, and there is no scientific evidence of the existence of biological stocks separated by the 48th parallel (ICES zoning is necessarily linked to differing data availability). Besides being highly inequitable, fishing restrictions decided on by the Council could shift fishing activities towards the south, further increasing pressure on stock in that area.

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point 23 – indent 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

–  In Southern Bay of Biscay (FU 25);

–  In Southern Bay of Biscay (FU 23-24);

Justification

There is an error in the designation of the Functional Unit in the Commission proposal.

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point 24 – indent 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

–  In Western Galicia (FU 26-27);

–  In Western Galicia (FU 26);

Justification

There is an error in the designation of the Functional Unit in the Commission proposal.

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point 24 – indent 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

  In Iberian waters (FU 28-29);

deleted

Justification

There is an error in the designation of the Functional Unit in the Commission proposal.

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point 24 – indent 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

  North of Portugual (FU 27)

Justification

There is an error in the designation of the Functional Unit in the Commission proposal.

Amendment    30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point 24 – indent 2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

  Portuguese waters (southern Portugal and the Algarve) (FU 28-29)

Justification

There is an error in the designation of the Functional Unit in the Commission proposal.

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Where scientific advice indicates a change in the geographical distribution of the stocks listed in the first subparagraph of this paragraph, the Commission may adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15 amending this Regulation by adjusting the areas specified above in order to reflect that change. Such adjustments shall not extend the stock areas beyond Union waters of subareas 4 to 10, and the CECAF zones 34.1.1, 34.1.2 and 34.2.0.

Where the best scientific advice available, in particular that of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), indicates a change in the geographical distribution of the stocks listed in the first subparagraph of this paragraph, the Commission may adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15 amending this Regulation by adjusting the areas specified above in order to reflect that change. Such adjustments shall not extend the stock areas beyond Union waters of subareas 4 to 10, and the CECAF zones 34.1.1, 34.1.2 and 34.2.0.

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Where on the basis of scientific advice the Commission considers that the list of stocks set out in the first subparagraph of paragraph 1 needs to be amended, the Commission may submit a proposal for the amendment of that list.

2.  Where on the basis of best available scientific advice the Commission considers that the list of stocks set out in the first subparagraph of paragraph 1 needs to be amended, the Commission may submit a proposal for the amendment of that list.

Amendment    33

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  In respect to adjacent waters covered in paragraph 1 of this Article, only Articles 4 and 6 and the measures related to fishing opportunities under Article 7 of this Regulation shall apply.

3.  In respect to adjacent waters covered in paragraph 1 of this Article, only Articles 4 and 6, the measures related to fishing opportunities under Article 7, Article 9(3a) and Article 9a of this Regulation shall apply.

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  This Regulation also applies to by-catches caught in the Western Waters when fishing for the stocks listed in paragraph 1. However, where ranges of FMSY and safeguards linked to biomass for those stocks are established under other Union legal acts establishing multiannual plans, those ranges and safeguards shall apply.

4.  This Regulation also applies to by-catches caught in the Western Waters when fishing for the demersal stocks listed in paragraph 1 and shall ensure that exploitation of all living marine biological resources restores and maintains populations of harvested species above levels which can produce the maximum sustainable yield, in accordance with Article 2(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a.  This Regulation also specifies details for the implementation of measures to minimise the impact of the fisheries on the marine environment, in particular the incidental catches of protected species, in Union waters of the Western Waters for all fisheries fishing in those waters. The Commission may adopt implementing acts laying down a sea basin analysis, and the format and timetables for the submission and approval of management measures.

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  This Regulation also specifies details for the implementation of the landing obligation in Union waters of the Western Waters for all stocks of species to which the landing obligation applies under Article 15 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013.

5.  This Regulation also specifies details for the implementation of the landing obligation in Union waters of the Western Waters for stocks of species to which the landing obligation applies under Article 15 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, and which are caught in demersal fisheries.

Amendment    37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6.  This Regulation provides for technical measures, as set out in article 8, applicable in the Western Waters in respect of any stock.

6.  This Regulation provides for technical measures for commercial and recreational fisheries, as set out in article 8, applicable in the Western Waters in respect of any demersal stock.

Amendment    38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2)  "Range of FMSY" means a range of values provided in the best available scientific advice, in particular from the International Council on the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), where all levels of fishing mortality within that range, result in maximum sustainable yield (MSY) in the long term given a fishing pattern and under existing average environmental conditions without significantly affecting the reproduction process for the stock in question. It is derived to deliver no more than a 5 % reduction in long-term yield compared to the maximum sustainable yield. It is capped so that the probability of the stock falling below the limit spawning stock biomass reference point (Blim) is no more than 5 %;

(2)  "Range of FMSY" means a range of values provided in the best available scientific advice, in particular from the International Council on the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), or similar independent scientific body recognised by the Union or internationally, where all levels of fishing mortality within that range, result in maximum sustainable yield (MSY) in the long term given a fishing pattern and under existing average environmental conditions without significantly affecting the reproduction process for the stock in question. It is derived to deliver no more than a 5 % reduction in long-term yield compared to the maximum sustainable yield. It is capped so that the probability of the stock falling below the limit spawning stock biomass reference point (Blim) is no more than 5 %;

Amendment    39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  "FMSY point value" is the value of the estimated fishing mortality that with a given fishing pattern and current environmental conditions gives the long-term maximum yield.

(5)  "FMSY" is the value of the estimated fishing mortality that with a given fishing pattern and current environmental conditions gives the long-term maximum yield.

Amendment    40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  " Blim" means the stock size reference point provided in the best available scientific advice, in particular by ICES, below which there may be reduced reproductive capacity;

(8)  " Blim" means the stock size reference point provided in the best available scientific advice, in particular by ICES, or a similar independent scientific body recognised by the Union or internationally, below which there may be reduced reproductive capacity;

Amendment    41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  "MSY Btrigger" means the spawning stock biomass, or in the case of Norway lobster – abundance, reference point provided in the best available scientific advice, in particular from ICES, below which specific and appropriate management action is to be taken to ensure that exploitation rates in combination with natural variations rebuild stocks above levels capable of producing MSY in the long term.

(9)  "MSY Btrigger" means the spawning stock biomass, or in the case of Norway lobster – abundance, reference point provided in the best available scientific advice, in particular from ICES, or similar independent scientific body recognised by the Union or internationally, below which specific and appropriate management action is to be taken to ensure that exploitation rates in combination with natural variations rebuild stocks above levels capable of producing MSY in the long term.

Amendment    42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a)  “Best available scientific advice" refers to publicly available scientific advice that is supported by the most up-to-date scientific data and methods which has either been issued or peer-reviewed by an independent scientific body that is recognised at Union or international level such as the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF) and the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), and meet the requirements of Article 25 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013.

Amendment    43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The plan shall contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the common fisheries policy listed in Article 2 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, in particular by applying the precautionary approach to fisheries management, and shall aim to ensure that exploitation of living marine biological resources restores and maintains populations of harvested species above levels which can produce MSY.

1.  The plan shall contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the common fisheries policy listed in Article 2 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, in particular by applying the precautionary approach to fisheries management, and shall aim to ensure that exploitation of living marine biological resources restores and maintains populations of harvested species above levels which can produce MSY. In addition to pursuing environmental sustainability, the plan shall be managed in a manner consistent with the objectives of generating economic, social and employment benefits, while contributing to the availability of food products.

 

The maximum sustainable yield exploitation rate shall be achieved gradually for all stocks, and by 2020 at the latest, and shall be maintained thereafter.

Justification

In addition to the environmental dimension, it is important to take into account the social and economic dimension of fishing and aquaculture, as established by Regulation 1380/2013.

Amendment    44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The plan shall contribute to the elimination of discards, by avoiding and reducing, as far as possible, unwanted catches, and to the implementation of the landing obligation established in Article 15 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 for the species which are subject to catch limits and to which this Regulation applies.

2.  The plan shall contribute to the elimination of discards, by avoiding and reducing, as far as possible, including by the use of innovative selective fishing gear and techniques, unwanted catches, and to the implementation, as far as possible, of the landing obligation established in Article 15 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 for the species which are subject to catch limits and to which this Regulation applies.

Amendment    45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  The plan shall implement the ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management in order to ensure that negative impacts of fishing activities on the marine ecosystem are minimised. It shall be coherent with Union environmental legislation, in particular with the objective of achieving good environmental status by 2020 as set out in Article 1(1) of Directive 2008/56/EC and the objectives set out in Articles 4 and 5 of Directive 2009/147/EC and Articles 6 and 12 of Council Directive 92/43/EEC

3.  The plan shall implement the ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management in order to ensure that negative impacts of fishing activities on the marine ecosystem, and in particular on vulnerable habitats and protected species, including marine mammals, marine reptiles, seabirds, seamounts, deep-sea reefs and coral gardens or sponges aggregations, are minimised and preferably eliminated ensuring that fishermen continue to fish sustainably and selectively. It shall be coherent with Union environmental legislation, in particular with the objective of achieving good environmental status by 2020 as set out in Article 1(1) of Directive 2008/56/EC and the objectives set out in Directive 2009/147/EC and Council Directive 92/43/EEC.

Amendment    46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  contribute to the fulfilment of other relevant descriptors contained in Annex I to Directive 2008/56/EC in proportion to the role played by fisheries in their fulfilment.

(b)  ensure that negative impacts of fishing on the marine environment are minimised, in particular regarding vulnerable habitats and protected species, including marine mammals and seabirds.

Justification

Seabirds, marine mammals and reptiles are incidentally caught throughout the whole of the Western Waters.

Amendment    47

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  Measures under the plan shall be taken in accordance with the best available scientific advice. Where there is insufficient data, a comparable degree of conservation of the relevant stocks shall be pursued.

5.  Measures under the plan shall be taken in accordance with the best available scientific advice. Best available scientific advice shall be peer reviewed by reliable and appropriate scientific bodies such as the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) or the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF). It shall be made publicly available at the latest when those measures are proposed by the Commission. Where there is insufficient data, a comparable degree of conservation of the relevant stocks shall be pursued.

Amendment    48

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Those ranges of FMSY based on this Plan shall be requested from ICES.

2.  Those ranges of FMSY based on this Plan shall be requested from ICES, or a similar independent scientific body recognised by the Union or internationally.

Amendment    49

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 5 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  if, on the basis of scientific advice or evidence, it is necessary for the achievement of the objectives laid down in Article 3 in the case of mixed fisheries;

(a)  if, on the basis of scientific advice or evidence, it is necessary for the achievement of the objectives laid down in Article 3 in the case of mixed and/or multispecies fisheries, in particular to limit the induced socio-economic constraints on fisheries;

Amendment    50

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 5 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  in order to limit variations in fishing opportunities between consecutive years to not more than 20%.

(c)  in order to limit variations in fishing opportunities between consecutive years to not more than 20%, except in those cases in which 'choke' situations or other situations which paralyse or significantly affect the activity of some fleets are alleviated.

Amendment    51

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

6a.  In order to avoid a situation in which short-term management hinders the implementation of multiannual management and in order to encourage the participation of stakeholders in the decision-making process, it shall be possible to approve, within the framework of this Regulation, exploitation rules via regionalisation.

Amendment    52

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Those stocks shall be managed under the precautionary approach to fisheries management as defined in point 8 of Article 4 (1) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 when no adequate scientific information is available.

2.  Those stocks shall be managed under the precautionary approach to fisheries management as defined in point 8 of Article 4 (1) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 when no adequate scientific information is available and shall ensure at least a comparable degree of conservation to MSY as set out in Article 9(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013

Amendment    53

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  In accordance with Article 9(5) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, the management of mixed fisheries with regard to stocks referred to in Article 1(4) of this Regulation shall take into account the difficulty of fishing all stocks at MSY at the same time, especially in situations where this leads to a premature closure of the fishery.

3.  In accordance with Article 9(5) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, the management of mixed and/or multispecies fisheries with regard to stocks referred to in Article 1(4) of this Regulation shall take into account the difficulty of fishing all stocks at MSY at the same time, especially in situations where this leads to a premature closure of the fishery.

Amendment    54

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The following conservation reference points to safeguard the full reproductive capacity of the stocks referred to in Article 1(1) shall be requested from ICES based on this Plan:

The following conservation reference points to safeguard the full reproductive capacity of the stocks referred to in Article 1(1) shall, based on this plan, be requested from ICES, or a similar independent scientific body recognised by the Union or internationally, and in line with the definition of best available scientific advice:

Amendment    55

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  When scientific advice indicates that for a given year the spawning biomass, and in the case of Norway lobster stocks – abundance, of any of the stocks referred to in Article 1(1) is below the MSY Btrigger, all appropriate remedial measures shall be adopted to ensure rapid return of the stock or functional unit concerned to levels above those capable of producing MSY. In particular, by way of derogation from Article 4(3) and (5) fishing opportunities shall be set at levels consistent with a fishing mortality that is reduced below the upper range of FMSY, taking into account the decrease in biomass.

1.  When scientific advice indicates that for a given year the spawning biomass, and in the case of Norway lobster stocks – abundance, of any of the demersal stocks referred to in Article 1(1) is below the MSY Btrigger, all appropriate remedial measures shall be adopted to ensure rapid return of the stock or functional unit concerned to levels above those capable of producing MSY. In particular, by way of derogation from Article 4(3) and (5) fishing opportunities shall be set at levels consistent with a fishing mortality that is reduced below the upper range of FMSY, taking into account the decrease in biomass.

Amendment    56

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  When scientific advice indicates that the spawning stock biomass, and in the case of Norway lobster stocks – abundance, of any of the stocks referred to in Article 1(1) is below the Blim, further remedial measures shall be taken to ensure rapid return of the stock or functional unit concerned to levels above the level capable of producing MSY. In particular, those remedial measures may include, by way of derogation from Article 4 (3) and (5), suspending the targeted fishery for the stock or functional unit concerned and the adequate reduction of fishing opportunities.

2.  When scientific advice indicates that the spawning stock biomass, and in the case of Norway lobster stocks – abundance, of any of the demersal stocks referred to in Article 1(1) is below the Blim, further remedial measures shall be taken to ensure rapid return of the stock or functional unit concerned to levels above the level capable of producing MSY. In particular, those remedial measures may include, by way of derogation from Article 4 (3) and (5), suspending the targeted fishery for the stock or functional unit concerned and the adequate reduction of fishing opportunities.

Amendment    57

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  Notwithstanding Article 4(1), the target fishing mortality in line with the ranges of FMSY referred to in that paragraph, together with the rapid replenishment of the stock or functional unit concerned to levels higher than those necessary to achieve MSY in accordance with paragraph 1 or 2 of this Article, may be achieved on a progressive, incremental basis over a period not exceeding three years, insofar as this is necessary in the light of the economic, social and employment-related impact on the fishing activities concerned.

Justification

In the case of a stock which cannot be exploited to its MSY, the socio-economic implications for fisheries will depend directly on the speed at which the Council corrects the situation by limiting fishing opportunities. A reasonable period should therefore be established to guarantee that the FMSY is met by a set deadline, whilst making it possible for a progressive approach to be taken over several fishing seasons to limit the socio-economic implications.

Amendment    58

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15 of this Regulation and Article 18 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 in order to supplement this Regulation regarding the following technical measures:

1.  The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15 of this Regulation and Article 18 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 in order to supplement this Regulation regarding the following technical measures for fisheries exploiting demersal stocks in Western Waters:

Amendment    59

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  specifications of characteristics of fishing gears and rules governing their use, to ensure or improve selectivity, to reduce unwanted catches or to minimise the negative impact on the ecosystem;

(a)  specifications of characteristics of fishing gears and rules governing their use, to ensure or improve selectivity, to reduce unwanted catches, particularly of juveniles, or to minimise the negative impact on the ecosystem;

Amendment    60

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The measures referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall contribute to the achievement of the objectives set out in Article 3.

2.  The measures referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article shall contribute to the achievement of the objectives set out in Article 3 and are applicable to both commercial and recreational fisheries.

Amendment    61

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 8 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 8 a

 

Closed seasons/areas for the fishing of sea bass

 

1.  Commercial and recreational fishing of sea bass shall be prohibited in western waters and in the ICES divisions 4b and 4c between 1 February and 30 April. It shall be prohibited for vessels to retain on board, transship, relocate, land or conserve sea bass caught on shores in those areas.

 

2.  It shall also be prohibited for Union fishing vessels to fish sea bass in ICES divisions 7b, 7c, 7j and 7k, and in waters of ICES divisions 7a and 7g that are more than 12 nautical miles from the baseline under the sovereignty of the United Kingdom. It shall be prohibited for Union fishing vessels to retain on board, transship, relocate or land sea bass caught in those areas.

Justification

In recent years, the Council adopted, in the TAC and quota regulations, measures to protect sea bass, in particular during part of the breeding season. These technical measures should be established in a lasting manner by the co-legislators, and not as part of a decision by the Council on fishing opportunities. Protection is also necessary for pollack to prevent excessive fishing of breeding stock, which would lead to the same situation as currently affects sea bass.

Amendment    62

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  Without prejudice to Article 7, the total allowable catch for the stocks of Norway lobster in the Western Waters may be the sum of the catch limits of the functional units and of the statistical rectangles outside the functional units.

3.  Without prejudice to Article 7, the total allowable catch for a stock of Norway lobster may be the sum of the catch limits of the functional units and of the statistical rectangles outside the functional units of the area defined for that stock.

Amendment    63

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a.  For the fish stocks and species referred to in Article 1(1) and (4), which are subject, at Union level and for the purpose of conserving resources, to fishing bans established an annual basis in the context of decisions on fishing opportunities or seasonal fishing bans, the Council may nevertheless establish exceptional fishing opportunities for some fisheries so that account can be taken of the limited or unavoidable nature of such catches in view of the particular socio-economic importance of these fisheries.

 

Those exceptional fishing opportunities shall be limited and shallnot significantly outweigh the impact of the relevant temporary ban on fishing on the conservation of the stock.

Amendment    64

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  When scientific advice indicates that recreational fisheries have a significant impact on the fishing mortality of a particular stock, the Council shall take them into account and may limit recreational fisheries when setting fishing opportunities in order to avoid exceeding the total target of fishing mortality.

deleted

Justification

Replaced by Article 9a (new)

Amendment    65

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 9a

 

Recreational fisheries

 

1.  Member States shall take account of fishing mortality in recreational fisheries when allocating the fishing opportunities they have and which are referred to in Article 16 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, so that the total fishing mortality target is not exceeded.

 

When scientific advice indicates that recreational fishing is having a significant impact on the fishing mortality of a stock referred to in Article 1(1) of this Regulation, the Council may establish non-discriminatory individual fishing opportunities for recreational fishermen.

 

2.  The Council shall refer to transparent and objective criteria, including those of an environmental, social and economic nature, when setting fishing opportunities for recreational fishing. The criteria used may include, in particular, the impact of these fishing activities on the environment, the societal importance of this activity and its contribution to the economy in coastal areas.

 

3.  Member States shall take the necessary and proportionate measures for the monitoring and collection of data for a reliable estimation of the actual catch levels referred to in paragraph 1.

Justification

In line with Article 7 of the Basic Regulation, Member States shall take account of all fishing mortalities. Recreational fishing is often insignificant in the light of uncertainties about the actual commercial fishing mortality, and this does not pose a major problem in allocating or respecting quotas. The CFP (recital 3) also recognizes that recreational fishing is primarily the responsibility of the Member States. However, where it has a significant impact on a stock managed on the basis of MSY, such measures may be subject to fair and proportionate restrictions at EU level.

Amendment    66

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 9 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 9b

 

Marking recreational catches

 

1.  Specimens of sea bass, cod, pollack and sole caught in the areas and stocks referred to in Article 1(1) shall be marked when kept by a recreational fisherman.

 

2.  This marking consists of the removal of the lower part or the upper part of the caudal fin, but in such a way that does not prevent the measurement of the size of the fish.

 

3.  The marking shall be carried out immediately after the capture and killing of the fish, either on the shore or on board if the fishing activity is carried out on a boat. However, specimens brought on board a recreational fishing vessel and kept alive and in good condition before being released shall not be marked.

Amendment    67

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

For all stocks of species in the Western Waters to which the landing obligation applies under Article 15(1) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15 of this Regulation and Article 18 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 in order to supplement this Regulation by specifying details of that obligation as provided for in points (a) to (e) of Article 15(5) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013.

For all stocks of demersal species in the Western Waters to which the landing obligation applies under Article 15(1) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, and for incidental catches of pelagic species in fisheries exploiting stocks referred to in Article 1(1) to which the landing obligation applies, the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 15 of this Regulation and Article 18 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 in order to supplement this Regulation by specifying details of that obligation as provided for in points (a) to (e) of Article 15(5) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013.

Amendment    68

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The landing obligation referred to in Article 15(1) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 shall not apply to recreational fishing, including in cases where the Council fixes individual fishing opportunities in accordance with Article 9a of this Regulation.

Justification

This provision clearly specifies that recreational fishing is not subject to the landing obligation (incompatibility with minimum size requirements for keeping a fish or with recreational ‘catch and release’ fishing practices).

Amendment    69

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 10a

 

Artisanal and coastal fishing in outermost regions

 

This Regulation shall take into account the constraints related to the size of artisanal and coastal fishing vessels used in the outermost regions. The landing of by-catches, in so far as it does not exacerbate the impact on spawning stock biomass, shall accordingly be permitted.

Amendment    70

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  For each of the ICES zones referred to in Article 1(1) of this Regulation, each Member State shall issue fishing authorisations in accordance with Article 7 of Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 for vessels flying its flag which engage in fishing activities in that area. In such fishing authorisations, Member States may also limit the total capacity expressed in kW of such vessels using a specific gear.

1.  For the ICES zones referred to in Article 1(1) of this Regulation, each Member State shall issue fishing authorisations in accordance with Article 7 of Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 for vessels flying its flag which engage in fishing activities in that area.

Amendment    71

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  In fishing authorisations referred to in paragraph 1, Member States may also limit the total capacity of such vessels using a specific gear.

Amendment    72

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1b.  The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 13 of this Regulation and Article 18 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 in order to set limits regarding the total capacity of the fleets of the Member States concerned so as to facilitate achievement of the objectives set out in Article 3.

Amendment    73

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Article 18 (1) to (6) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 shall apply to measures referred to in Articles 8 and 10 of this Regulation.

1.  Article 18(1) to (6) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 shall apply to measures referred to in Articles 8, 10 and 11b of this Regulation.

Amendment    74

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  For the purpose of paragraph 1 of this Article, Member States having direct management interest in the North Western waters and Member States having direct management interest in the South Western waters may submit joint recommendations in accordance with Article 18(1) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 for the first time not later than twelve months after the entry into force of this Regulation and thereafter twelve months after each submission of the evaluation of the plan in accordance with Article 14. They may also submit such recommendations when deemed necessary by them, in particular in the event of an abrupt change in the situation for any of the stocks to which this Regulation applies. Joint recommendations in respect of measures concerning a given calendar year shall be submitted no later than 1 July of the previous year.

2.  For the purpose of paragraph 1 of this Article, Member States having direct management interest in the North Western waters and Member States having direct management interest in the South Western waters may submit joint recommendations in accordance with Article 18(1) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 for the first time not later than twelve months after the entry into force of this Regulation and thereafter twelve months after each submission of the evaluation of the plan in accordance with Article 14. They may also submit further recommendations when necessary, in particular in the event of a change in the situation of any of the stocks to which this Regulation applies, as well as to set out a plan which contains measures to implement the ecosystem based approach to fisheries management in the Western Waters. Joint recommendations in respect of measures concerning a given calendar year shall be submitted no later than 1 July of the previous year, or as soon as possible when such joint recommendations wish to tackle emergency situations identified by the latest scientific advice.

Justification

In accordance with Article 9 of the CFP regulation

Amendment    75

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 13a

 

Follow-up and advance notice of modifications to scientific advice

 

1.  Each year by 1 April, the Commission shall inform the European Parliament of the best available scientific advice that served as a basis for Council decisions on the determination of fishing opportunities under this Regulation between 1 February of the previous year and 31 January of the current year.

 

For all stocks and fish species concerned, this report shall, in particular, reflect the fishing opportunities fixed by the Council under Articles 4 and 5 and, where appropriate, Article 7 of this Regulation, also specifying the corresponding values expressed as fishing mortality. Those data shall be compared to the scientific advice used to establish fishing mortality ranges (MSY Flower, FMSY and MSY Fupper and their corresponding fishing opportunities), spawning stock biomass estimates and biomass reference thresholds (MSY Btrigger and Blim).

 

2.  As soon as possible after being informed, and in any event before the adoption of a new Council decision on the determination of fishing opportunities, the Commission shall notify the European Parliament of situations where the most recent FMSY data correspond to variations in fishing opportunities that deviate by more than 20 % from the fishing opportunities corresponding to the FMSY point value quoted in the scientific advice used for the determination of fishing opportunities for the current period. The Commission shall likewise inform the European Parliament, as soon as possible and in any case before the adoption of a new Council decision, of cases where scientific advice relating to the different breeding stock biomass reference levels justifies recourse to safeguard measures under Article 7.

Amendment    76

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 14 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Evaluation of the plan

Evaluation and implementation of the plan

Justification

The provisions governing fishing opportunities and the safeguard measures taken by the Council under this plan are directly determined by updated scientific advice. It is proposed, however, not to allow such a situation to continue indefinitely and to leave this legal framework in place for a limited period only. It will be for the Commission to propose future framework provisions and for Parliament and Council to decide on this basis.

Amendment    77

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

By [five years after the date of entry into force of this Regulation], and every five years thereafter, the Commission shall report to the European Parliament and to the Council on the results and impact of the plan on the stocks to which this Regulation applies and on the fisheries exploiting those stocks, in particular as regards the achievement of the objectives set out in Article 3.

By [five years after the date of entry into force of this Regulation], the Commission shall report to the European Parliament and to the Council on the results and impact of the plan on the stocks to which this Regulation applies and on the fisheries exploiting those stocks, in particular as regards the achievement of the objectives set out in Article 3.

Justification

The provisions governing fishing opportunities and the safeguard measures taken by the Council under this plan are directly determined by updated scientific advice. It is proposed, however, not to allow such a situation to continue indefinitely and to leave this legal framework in place for a limited period only. It will be for the Commission to propose future framework provisions and for Parliament and Council to decide on this basis.

Amendment    78

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The delegation of power referred to in Articles 1(1), 8 and 10 shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from the date of the entry into force of this Regulation. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

2.  The delegation of power referred to in Articles 1(1), 8, 10 and 11(1b) shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from the date of the entry into force of this Regulation. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

Amendment    79

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  The delegation of power referred to in Articles 1(1), 8 and 10 may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

3.  The delegation of power referred to in Article 1(1), 8, 10 and 11(1b) may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

Amendment    80

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6.  A delegated act adopted pursuant to Articles 1(1), 8 and 10 shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and to the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

6.  A delegated act adopted pursuant to the second subparagraph of Article 1(1), 8, 10 and 11(1b) shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or by the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

Amendment    81

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1 – point 1

Regulation (EU) 2016/1139

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2)  "Range of FMSY" means a range of values provided in the best available scientific advice, in particular from the International Council on the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), where all levels of fishing mortality within that range, result in maximum sustainable yield (MSY) in the long term given a fishing pattern and under existing average environmental conditions without significantly affecting the reproduction process for the stock in question. It is derived to deliver no more than a 5 % reduction in long-term yield compared to the maximum sustainable yield. It is capped so that the probability of the stock falling below the limit spawning stock biomass reference point (Blim) is no more than 5 %;

(2)  "Range of FMSY" means a range of values provided in the best available scientific advice, in particular from the International Council on the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), or a similar independent scientific body recognised by the Union or internationally, where all levels of fishing mortality within that range, result in maximum sustainable yield (MSY) in the long term given a fishing pattern and under existing average environmental conditions without significantly affecting the reproduction process for the stock in question. It is derived to deliver no more than a 5 % reduction in long-term yield compared to the maximum sustainable yield. It is capped so that the probability of the stock falling below the limit spawning stock biomass reference point (Blim) is no more than 5 %;

Amendment    82

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1 – point 1

Regulation (EU) 2016/1139

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 8

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  " Blim" means the stock size reference point provided in the best available scientific advice, in particular by ICES, below which there may be reduced reproductive capacity;

(8)  " Blim" means the stock size reference point provided in the best available scientific advice, in particular by ICES, or a similar independent scientific body recognised by the Union or internationally, below which there may be reduced reproductive capacity;

Amendment    83

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1 – point 1

Regulation (EU) 2016/1139

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 9

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  "MSY Btrigger" means the spawning stock biomass reference point provided in the best available scientific advice, in particular from ICES, below which specific and appropriate management action is to be taken to ensure that exploitation rates in combination with natural variations rebuild stocks above levels capable of producing MSY in the long term;

(9)  "MSY Btrigger" means the spawning stock biomass reference point provided in the best available scientific advice, in particular from ICES, or a similar independent scientific body recognised by the Union or internationally, below which specific and appropriate management action is to be taken to ensure that exploitation rates in combination with natural variations rebuild stocks above levels capable of producing MSY in the long term;

Amendment    84

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Regulation (EU) 2016/1139

Article 4 – paragraph 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Those ranges of FMSY based on this Plan shall be requested from ICES.

2.  Those ranges of FMSY based on this Plan shall be requested from ICES, or similar independent scientific body recognised by the Union or internationally.

Amendment    85

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Regulation (EU) 2016/1139

Article 4 – paragraph 5 – point c

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  in order to limit variations in fishing opportunities between consecutive years to not more than 20%.

(c)  in order to limit variations in fishing opportunities between consecutive years to not more than 20%, except in those cases in which 'choke' situations or other situations which paralyse or significantly affect the activity of some fleets are alleviated.

Amendment    86

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1 – point 3

Regulation (EU) 2016/1139

Article 4a – paragraph 1 – introductory part

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The following conservation reference points to safeguard the full reproductive capacity of the stocks referred to in Article 1(1) shall be requested from ICES based on this Plan:

The following conservation reference points to safeguard the full reproductive capacity of the stocks referred to in Article 1(1) shall be requested from ICES, or a similar independent scientific body recognised by the Union or internationally, based on this Plan:

Amendment    87

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1 – point 4

Regulation (EU) 2016/1139

Article 5 – paragraph 3 – point b

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

b)  measures pursuant to Articles 7 and 8 of this Regulation.

b)  measures pursuant to Article 8 of this Regulation.

Amendment    88

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1 – point 4 a (new)

Regulation (EU) 2016/1139

Article -15 (new)

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a.   In Chapter IX, the following Article is inserted:

 

‘Article -15

 

Follow-up and advance notice of changes to the scientific opinion

 

1.  Each year by 1 April, the Commission shall inform the European Parliament of the best available scientific advice that has been used as a reference for Council decisions on the determination of fishing opportunities under this Regulation between 1 February of the previous year and 31 January of the current year.

 

For all stocks and fish species concerned, this report shall, in particular, reflect the fishing opportunities fixed by the Council under Articles 4 and 5 and, where appropriate, Article 7 of this Regulation, also specifying the corresponding values expressed as fishing mortality. These data shall be compared to the scientific advice used to establish fishing mortality ranges (MSY Flower, FMSY and MSY Fupper and their corresponding fishing opportunities), spawning stock biomass estimates and biomass reference thresholds (MSY Btrigger and Blim).

 

2.  As soon as possible after being informed and in any case before the adoption of a new Council decision on the establishment of fishing opportunities, the Commission shall notify the European Parliament, of situations where the most recent FMSY scientific data correspond to variations in fishing opportunities that deviate by more than 20 % from the fishing opportunities corresponding to the FMSY value quoted in the scientific advice used for the determination of fishing opportunities for the current period. The Commission shall likewise inform the European Parliament, as soon as possible and in any case before the adoption of a new Council decision, of cases where scientific advice relating to the different breeding stock biomass reference levels justifies recourse to safeguard measures under Article 7. ’;

Amendment    89

Proposal for a Regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1 – point 4 b (new)

Regulation (EU) 2016/1139

Article 15

 

Present text

Amendment

 

4b.   Article 15 is replaced by the following:

Article 15

‘Article 15

Evaluation of the plan

Evaluation and implementation of the plan

By 21 July 2019, and every five years thereafter, the Commission shall report to the European Parliament and to the Council on the results and impact of the plan on the stocks to which this Regulation applies and on the fisheries exploiting those stocks, in particular as regards the achievement of the objectives set out in Article 3. The Commission may report at an earlier date if this is deemed necessary by all Member States concerned or by the Commission itself.

By 21 July 2019, and five years thereafter, the Commission shall report to the European Parliament and to the Council on the results and impact of the plan on the stocks to which this Regulation applies and on the fisheries exploiting those stocks, in particular as regards the achievement of the objectives set out in Article 3.

 

Articles 4 to 6 of this Regulation shall apply until 31 December ... [seventh year after the entry into force of this amending Regulation]. ’;

(1)

Not yet published in the Official Journal.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Commission proposal

On 23 March 2018, the Commission published a proposal for a regulation establishing a multiannual plan for fish stocks in the Western Waters (Atlantic and Channel). It is also proposing to amend the multiannual management plan for certain fisheries in the Baltic Sea(1) (‘Baltic Sea plan’).

The basic regulation establishing the Common Fisheries Policy(2) calls for the establishment of multiannual management plans. This meets a dual requirement: more predictable management policies achieved by long-term planning, and a regionalised approach to these plans by sea basin, so as to take due account of the specific situation of individual stakeholders and the contributions made by them. The aim is to put in place a regionalised fisheries management framework for the exploitation of fish stocks in line with maximum sustainable yield (MSY).

Two multiannual plans have already been approved by the European Parliament and the Council; the Baltic Sea plan adopted in 2016, and the North Sea plan adopted in 2018(3).

In addition to the proposal that is the subject of this report, two other proposals are currently being considered by the co-legislators: a multiannual management plan for the Adriatic Sea and a plan for the Western Mediterranean.

In presenting this proposal for the Western Waters, the Commission has, for the most part, followed the multiannual approach to fisheries management recently agreed under the North Sea plan. The Baltic Sea plan is also being modified accordingly.

This report examines the proposed multiannual plan for Western Waters and proposes a number of modifications.

Rapporteur's opinion 

The rapporteur welcomes the multiannual plans for a regionalised approach to fisheries management and conservation that have been formulated by the Commission and co-legislators. He considers that the plans for the Baltic Sea and the North Sea provide a good starting point for the multiannual Western Waters management plan. Nevertheless, he proposes a number of modifications to the approach adopted under the North Sea plan, in order to take better account of certain institutional aspects and a number of specific factors relating to the maritime basin concerned.

He accordingly makes the following recommendations:

Ensure stock conservation in line with social and economic realities

The rapporteur wishes for clearer guidelines on how to achieve stock conservation targets while taking due account of social and economic realities. Where stocks do not allow the MSY to be fished and, in particular, where the situation calls for safeguard measures such as those proposed under this plan, the rapporteur recommends a three-year period for achievement of MSY, thus limiting the social and economic effects by spreading the effort over several fishing seasons.

With this in mind, he suggests that the Council be allowed to determine fishing opportunities for certain professions where a species is subject to a temporal (seasonal or annual) fishing ban. This measure has already been taken by the Council for bass fishing when setting TACs and quotas for 2018

(4). The rapporteur considers that this is the right approach, being sufficiently flexible to take into account the professions concerned, and that it should therefore be incorporated in the multiannual plans.

Taking fair and due account of recreational fishing

The rapporteur regards the management of recreational fishing as essentially the responsibility of the national authorities. However, he would point out that this particular pastime is very popular in Europe, a fact that must be recognised, along with its social and economic ramifications. In cases where recreational fishing may have a significant impact on the conservation of a resource, it can be managed at Union level. However, it is essential to ensure that it is treated just as fairly as professional fishing. The rapporteur therefore considers that the plan should also incorporate provisions for the management of recreational fishing so that those concerned know where they stand.

He endorses the principle laid down in the North Sea plan that the Council may take measures relating to recreational fishing where this has a significant impact on the mortality of a species. Nevertheless, such measures are only justified and equitable if they relate to stocks managed on the basis of MSY and if they fall within the remit of the Council. Recreational fishing opportunities must be fixed on an individual and non-discriminatory basis. The rapporteur therefore proposes that these individual catch limits be set for a period of at least one month. To reduce the risk of ‘bogus recreational fishing’ and the illegal sale of fish ostensibly caught by recreational fishermen, the rapporteur proposes the immediate mandatory tagging of certain species (bass, cod, pollack and sole). He also wishes for the plan to make it clear that the landing obligation does not apply to recreational fishing.

Strengthening the role of the European Parliament in verifying the concordance between scientific advice and Council decisions and enabling it in due course to exercise its role as co-legislator

The Baltic Sea plan has adopted a multiannual approach to fisheries management on the basis of reference points for fishing mortality (F) and biomass (B) of stocks. These reference points, as quantified by the co-legislators on the basis of regularly updated scientific advice are set down in the regulation and should be promptly and regularly updated by the co-legislators accordingly.

In line with this, the North Sea plan introduces a number of framework provisions for the management of fishing opportunities by the Council, which are directly determined by the reference points quoted in available scientific advice (and hence based on the most recent intelligence). The North Sea regulation therefore does not include any quantified fishing mortality or stock biomass levels. These reference points are determined by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and are used directly by the Council, usually on an annual basis, for the purpose of determining fishing opportunities.

The Commission has proposed that the fisheries of the Western Waters be managed according to the same principles as North Sea fisheries (and that the Baltic Sea plan be reviewed accordingly). The rapporteur considers that fisheries management should be based on the best scientific advice available. At the same time, he wishes to give the European Parliament greater scope to oversee this process and to preserve its role as co-legislator for the purposes of multiannual fisheries management. To this end, he recommends:

•  Regular ex-post monitoring: the Commission must report annually to the European Parliament on the concordance between available scientific advice and decisions taken by the Council on this basis.

•  Ex-ante notification of significant variations: the Commission will be required to inform Parliament, prior to the Council decision, of situations that may lead to significant changes in fishing opportunities (deviation of more than 20% from the new TAC corresponding to the new FMSY point value).

•  Furthermore, a seven-year sunset clause will apply to management provisions based directly on updated scientific advice, so as to provide legislators with an opportunity to evaluate and, if necessary, modify this mechanism when reviewing the framework provisions applicable after that deadline.

(1)

Regulation (EU) No 2016/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2016 establishing a multiannual plan for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and the fisheries exploiting those stocks.

(2)

Regulation (EU) 1380/2013 of the European Parliament and the Council on the Common Fisheries Policy of 11 December 2013.

(3)

2016/0238(COD); Regulation... ; OJ...

(4)

See Article 9 of Council Regulation (EU) 2018/120 of 23 January 2018 fixing for 2018 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in Union waters and, for Union fishing vessels, in certain non-Union waters.


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Multiannual plan for fish stocks in the Western Waters and adjacent waters, and for fisheries exploiting those stocks, amending Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 establishing a multiannual plan for the Baltic Sea, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 811/2004, (EC) No 2166/2005, (EC) No 388/2006, (EC) 509/2007 and (EC) 1300/2008

References

COM(2018)0149 – C8-0126/2018 – 2018/0074(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

23.3.2018

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

PECH

16.4.2018

 

 

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Alain Cadec

26.4.2018

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

24.4.2018

11.7.2018

29.8.2018

 

Date adopted

9.10.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

15

6

1

Members present for the final vote

Marco Affronte, Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Renata Briano, Alain Cadec, Linnéa Engström, Sylvie Goddyn, Carlos Iturgaiz, Werner Kuhn, António Marinho e Pinto, Gabriel Mato, Norica Nicolai, Ulrike Rodust, Remo Sernagiotto, Ricardo Serrão Santos, Ruža Tomašić

Substitutes present for the final vote

Nicola Caputo, Ole Christensen, Rosa D’Amato, Giuseppe Ferrandino, Elisabetta Gardini, Anja Hazekamp, Francisco José Millán Mon, Nosheena Mobarik

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Klaus Buchner, Tadeusz Zwiefka

Date tabled

10.10.2018


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

15

+

ALDE

António Marinho e Pinto, Norica Nicolai

ECR

Nosheena Mobarik, Remo Sernagiotto, Ruža Tomašić

EFDD

Rosa D'Amato

ENF

Sylvie Goddyn

PPE

Alain Cadec, Carlos Iturgaiz, Werner Kuhn, Gabriel Mato, Francisco José Millán Mon

S&D

Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Renata Briano, Giuseppe Ferrandino

6

-

GUE/NGL

Anja Hazekamp

PPE

Tadeusz Zwiefka

S&D

Ole Christensen, Ulrike Rodust

VERTS/ALE

Marco Affronte, Linnéa Engström

1

0

S&D

Ricardo Serrão Santos

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

Last updated: 15 October 2018Legal notice