Procedure : 2018/0209(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0397/2018

Texts tabled :

A8-0397/2018

Debates :

PV 10/12/2018 - 13
CRE 10/12/2018 - 13

Votes :

PV 11/12/2018 - 5.5
CRE 11/12/2018 - 5.5
Explanations of votes
PV 17/04/2019 - 8.13
CRE 17/04/2019 - 8.13

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2018)0487
P8_TA(2019)0405

REPORT     ***I
PDF 1119kWORD 226k
26.11.2018
PE 627.845v02-00 A8-0397/2018

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) and repealing Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013

(COM(2018)0385 - C8-0249/2018 – 2018/0209(COD))

Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

Rapporteur: Gerben‑Jan Gerbrandy

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on Budgets
 OPINION of the Committee on Regional Development
 OPINION of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) and repealing Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013

(COM(2018)0385 - C8-0249/2018 – 2018/0209(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2018)0385),

–  having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 192 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8‑0249/2018),

–  having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–  having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 18 October 2018(1),

–  having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions of 9 October 2018(2),

–  having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety and the opinions of the Committee on Budget, the Committee on Regional Development and the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (A8-0397/2018),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2)  The Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE), established by Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council6 for the period 2014 to 2020 is the latest in a series of Union programmes over 25 years which support the implementation of environmental and climate legislation and policy priorities. It was positively assessed in a recent mid-term evaluation7 as being on track to be effective, efficient and relevant. The 2014-2020 LIFE Programme should therefore be continued with certain modifications identified in the mid-term evaluation and subsequent assessments. Accordingly, a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) (the ‘Programme’) should be established for the period starting 2021.

(2)  The Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE), established by Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council6 for the period 2014 to 2020 is the latest in a series of Union programmes over 25 years which support the implementation of environmental and climate legislation and policy priorities. It was positively assessed in a recent mid-term evaluation7 as being already highly cost-effective and on track to be effective in general terms, efficient and relevant. The 2014-2020 LIFE Programme should therefore be continued with certain modifications identified in the mid-term evaluation and subsequent assessments. Accordingly, a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) (the ‘Programme’) should be established for the period starting 2021.

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6 Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on the establishment of a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) and repealing Regulation (EC) No 614/2007 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 185).

6 Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on the establishment of a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) and repealing Regulation (EC) No 614/2007 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 185).

7 Report on the Mid-term Evaluation of the Programme for Environment and Climate Action (LIFE)(SWD(2017) 355 final).

7 Report on the Mid-term Evaluation of the Programme for Environment and Climate Action (LIFE)(SWD(2017) 355 final).

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)  Pursuing the achievement of the Union's objectives and targets set by environmental, climate and related clean energy legislation, policy, plans and international commitments, the Programme should contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, to the protection and improvement of the quality of the environment and to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, either through direct interventions or by supporting the integration of those objectives in other policies.

(3)  Pursuing the achievement of the Union's objectives and targets set by environmental, climate and related clean energy legislation, policy, plans and international commitments, the Programme should contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, net-zero emission and climate-resilient economy, to the protection and improvement of the environment and health, to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, including through the support of the Natura 2000 network, effective management and tackling the degradation of ecosystems, either through direct interventions or by supporting the integration of those objectives in other policies.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4)  The Union is committed to developing a comprehensive response to the sustainable development goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development, which highlight the intrinsic connection between the management of natural resources to ensure their long-term availability, ecosystem services, their link to human health and sustainable and socially inclusive economic growth. In this spirit, the Programme should make a material contribution to both economic development and social cohesion.

(4)  The Union is committed to developing a comprehensive response to the sustainable development goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development, which highlight the intrinsic connection between the management of natural resources to ensure their long-term availability, ecosystem services, their link to human health and sustainable and socially inclusive economic growth. In this spirit, the Programme should reflect the principles of solidarity and responsibility-sharing, while making a material contribution to both economic development and social cohesion.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a)   With a view to promoting sustainable development, environmental and climate protection requirements should be integrated into the definition and implementation of all Union policies and activities. Synergies and complementarity with other Union funding programmes should, therefore, be promoted, including by facilitating the funding of activities that complement strategic integrated projects and strategic nature projects and support the uptake and replication of solutions developed under the Programme. Coordination is required to prevent double funding. The Commission and Member States should take steps to prevent administrative overlap and burden on project beneficiaries, arising from reporting obligations from different financial instruments.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  The Programme should contribute to sustainable development and to the achievement of the objectives and targets of the Union environment, climate and relevant clean energy legislation, strategies, plans and international commitments, in particular the United Nations 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development8 , the Convention on Biological Diversity9 and the Paris Agreement adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change10 ("Paris Agreement on Climate Change").

(5)  The Programme should contribute to sustainable development and to the achievement of the objectives and targets of the Union environment, climate and relevant clean energy legislation, strategies, plans and international commitments, in particular the United Nations 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development8, the Convention on Biological Diversity9, the Paris Agreement adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change10 ("Paris Agreement on Climate Change"), the UNECE Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (the “Aarhus Convention”), the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution, the UN Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, the UN Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade and the UN Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants.

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8 Agenda 2030, Resolution adopted by UN GA on 25/09/2015.

8 Agenda 2030, Resolution adopted by UN GA on 25/09/2015.

9 93/626/EEC: Council Decision of 25 October 1993 concerning the conclusion of the Convention on Biological Diversity, (OJ L 309, 13.12.1993, p. 1).

9 93/626/EEC: Council Decision of 25 October 1993 concerning the conclusion of the Convention on Biological Diversity, (OJ L 309, 13.12.1993, p. 1).

10 OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, p. 4.

10 OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, p. 4.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6)  For achieving the overarching objectives, the implementation of the Circular economy package11 , the 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework12 ,13 ,14 , Union nature legislation15 , as well as of related policies16 ,17 ,18 ,19 ,20 , is of particular importance.

(6)  For achieving the overarching objectives, the implementation of the Circular economy package11 , the 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework12 ,13 ,14 , Union nature legislation15 , as well as of related policies16 ,17 ,18 ,19 ,20, is of particular importance, as is the implementation20a of the general action programmes on environment and climate policy adopted in accordance with Article 192(3) TFEU, such as the 7th Environment Action Programme20b.

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11 COM(2015) 614 final, 02.12.2015.

11 COM(2015) 614 final, 02.12.2015.

12 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework, COM(2014)15, 22.01.2014.

12 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework, COM(2014)15, 22.01.2014.

13 EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change, COM(2013)216, 16.04.2013.

13 EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change, COM(2013)216, 16.04.2013.

14 Clean Energy for all Europeans package, COM(2016) 860, 30.11.2016.

14 Clean Energy for all Europeans package, COM(2016) 860, 30.11.2016.

15 Action Plan for nature, people and the economy, COM(2017)198, 27.04.2017.

15 Action Plan for nature, people and the economy, COM(2017)198, 27.04.2017.

16 Clean Air Programme for Europe, COM(2013)918.

16 Clean Air Programme for Europe, COM(2013)918.

17 Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1).

17 Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1).

18 Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, COM(2006)231.

18 Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, COM(2006)231.

19 Low Emission Mobility Strategy, COM/2016/0501 final.

19 Low Emission Mobility Strategy, COM/2016/0501 final.

20 Action Plan on Alternative Fuels Infrastructure under Article 10(6) of Directive 2014/94/EU, 8.11.2017.

20 Action Plan on Alternative Fuels Infrastructure under Article 10(6) of Directive 2014/94/EU, 8.11.2017.

 

20a Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on minimum requirements for water reuse.

 

20b Decision No 1386/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 on a General Union Environment Action Programme to 2020 ‘Living well, within the limits of our planet’ (OJ L 354 of 28.12.2013, p. 171).

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(6a)  The European Union attaches great importance to the long-term sustainability of the results of LIFE projects, and to the capacity to secure and maintain those results after project implementation, inter alia by project continuation, replication and/or transfer. This implies having special requirements for the applicants as well as the need for Union level guarantees to ensure that other Union funded projects do not undermine the results of any implemented LIFE projects.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7)  Complying with the Union's commitments under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change requires the transformation of the Union into an energy efficient, low carbon and climate resilient society. This in turn requires actions, with a special focus on sectors that contribute most to the current levels of CO2 output and pollution, contributing to the implementation of the 2030 energy and climate policy framework and the Member States' Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans and preparations for the Union's mid-century and long-term climate and energy strategy. The Programme should also include measures contributing to the implementation of the Union's climate adaptation policy to decrease vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change.

(7)  Complying with the Union's commitments under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change requires the transformation of the Union into a sustainable, circular, renewable, energy efficient, net zero-emission and climate resilient society. This in turn requires actions, with a special focus on sectors that contribute most to the current levels of greenhouse gas output and pollution, contributing to the implementation of the 2030 energy and climate policy framework and the Member States' Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans and to the implementation of the Union's mid-century and long-term climate and energy strategy, in line with the decarbonisation objective of the Paris Agreement. The Programme should also include measures contributing to the implementation of the Union's climate adaptation policy to decrease vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  The transition to clean energy is an essential contribution to the mitigation of climate change with co-benefits for the environment. Actions for capacity building supporting the clean energy transition, funded until 2020 under Horizon 2020, should be integrated in the Programme since their objective is not to fund excellence and generate innovation, but to facilitate the uptake of already available technology that will contribute to climate mitigation. The inclusion of these capacity building activities into the Programme offers potential for synergies between the sub-programmes and increases the overall coherence of Union funding. Therefore, data should be collected and disseminated on the uptake of existing research and innovation solutions in the LIFE projects, including from the Horizon Europe programme and its predecessors.

(8)  The transition to renewable, energy efficient and net-zero emission energy is an essential contribution to the mitigation of climate change with co-benefits for the environment. Actions for capacity building supporting the clean energy transition, funded until 2020 under Horizon 2020, should be integrated in the Programme since their objective is not to fund excellence and generate innovation, but to facilitate the uptake of already available technology for renewable energy and energy efficiency, that will contribute to climate mitigation. The Programme should involve all stakeholders and sectors involved in a clean energy transition, such as the building sector, industry, transport and agriculture. The inclusion of these capacity building activities into the Programme offers potential for synergies between the sub-programmes and increases the overall coherence of Union funding. Therefore, data should be collected and disseminated on the uptake of existing research and innovation solutions in the LIFE projects, including from the Horizon Europe programme and its predecessors.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  The impact assessments of the Clean Energy legislation estimate that the delivery of the Union's 2030 energy targets will require additional investments of EUR 177 billion annually in the period 2021-2030. The biggest gaps relate to the investments in buildings decarbonisation (energy efficiency and small-scale renewable energy sources), where capital needs to be channelled towards projects of highly distributed nature. One of the objectives of the Clean Energy Transition sub-programme is to build capacity for projects development and aggregation, thereby also helping to absorb funds from the European Structural and Investment Funds and catalyse investments in clean energy also using the financial instruments provided under InvestEU.

(9)  The impact assessments of the Clean Energy legislation estimate that the delivery of the Union's 2030 energy targets will require additional investments of EUR 177 billion annually in the period 2021-2030. The biggest gaps relate to the investments in buildings decarbonisation (energy efficiency and small-scale renewable energy sources), where capital needs to be channelled towards projects of highly distributed nature. One of the objectives of the Clean Energy Transition sub-programme is to build capacity for project development and aggregation, thereby also helping to absorb funds from the European Structural and Investment Funds and catalyse investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency, also using the financial instruments provided under InvestEU.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a)  The LIFE programme is the only programme dedicated specifically to environment and climate action, and therefore plays a crucial role in supporting the implementation of Union legislation in those areas.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11)  An action that has received a contribution from the Programme can also receive a contribution from any other Union programme, provided that the contributions do not cover the same costs. Actions that receive cumulative funding from different Union programmes shall be audited only once, covering all involved programmes and their respective applicable rules.

(11)  An action that has received a contribution from the Programme can also receive a contribution from any other Union programme, provided that the contributions do not cover the same costs. Actions that receive cumulative funding from different Union programmes should be audited only once, covering all involved programmes and their respective applicable rules.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12)  The Union's most recent Environmental Implementation Review package21 indicates that significant progress is required to accelerate implementation of the Union environment acquis and enhance the integration of environmental and climate objectives into other policies. The Programme should therefore act as a catalyst to achieve the required progress through developing, testing and replicating new approaches; supporting policy development, monitoring and review; enhancing stakeholder involvement; mobilising investments across Union investment programmes or other financial sources and supporting actions to overcome the various obstacles to the effective implementation of key plans required by environment legislation.

(12)  The Union's most recent Environmental Implementation Review (EIR) package21 indicates that significant progress is required to accelerate implementation of the Union environment acquis and enhance the integration and mainstreaming of environmental and climate objectives into other policies. The Programme should therefore act as a catalyst to tackle horizontal, systemic challenges as well as the root causes for implementation deficiencies as identified in the EIR and to achieve the required progress through developing, testing and replicating new approaches; supporting policy development, monitoring and review; improving governance on environmental, climate change and related clean energy transition matters, including through enhancing multi-level public and stakeholder involvement, capacity building, communication and awareness; mobilising investments across Union investment programmes or other financial sources and supporting actions to overcome the various obstacles to the effective implementation of key plans required by environment legislation.

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21 Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - The EU Environmental Implementation Review: Common challenges and how to combine efforts to deliver better results (COM/2017/063 final).

21 Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - The EU Environmental Implementation Review: Common challenges and how to combine efforts to deliver better results (COM/2017/063 final).

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13)  Halting and reversing biodiversity loss, including in marine ecosystems, requires support for the development, implementation, enforcement and assessment of relevant Union legislation and policy, including the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 202022 , Council Directive 92/43/EEC23 and Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council24 and Regulation (EU) 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council25 , in particular by developing the knowledge base for policy development and implementation and by developing, testing, demonstrating and applying best practices and solutions on small scale or tailored to specific local, regional or national contexts, including integrated approaches for the implementation of the prioritised action frameworks prepared on the basis of Directive 92/43/EEC. The Union should track its biodiversity-related expenditure to fulfil its reporting obligations under the Convention on Biological Diversity. Requirements for tracking in other relevant Union legislation should also be met.

(13)  Halting and reversing biodiversity loss and the degradation of ecosystems, including in marine and other aquatic ecosystems, requires support for the development, implementation, enforcement and assessment of relevant Union legislation and policy, including the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 202022 , Council Directive 92/43/EEC23 and Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council24 and Regulation (EU) 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council25 , in particular by developing the knowledge base for policy development and implementation and by developing, testing, demonstrating and applying best practice and solutions, such as effective management, on small scale or tailored to specific local, regional or national contexts, including integrated approaches for the implementation of the prioritised action frameworks prepared on the basis of Directive 92/43/EEC. The Union and the Member States should track their biodiversity-related expenditure to fulfil their reporting obligations under the Convention on Biological Diversity. Requirements for tracking in other relevant Union legislation should also be met.

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22 COM(2011) 244 final.

22 COM(2011) 244 final.

23 Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7).

23 Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7).

24 Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on the conservation of wild birds (OJ L 20, 26.1.2010, p. 7).

24 Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on the conservation of wild birds (OJ L 20, 26.1.2010, p. 7).

25 Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species (OJ L 317, 4.11.2014, p. 35).

25 Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species (OJ L 317, 4.11.2014, p. 35).

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14)  Recent evaluations and assessments, including the mid-term review of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 and the Fitness Check of Nature legislation, indicate that one of the main underlying causes for insufficient implementation of Union nature legislation and of the biodiversity strategy is the lack of adequate financing. The main Union funding instruments, including the [European Regional Development Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund], can make a significant contribution towards meeting those needs. The Programme can further improve the efficiency of such mainstreaming through strategic nature projects dedicated to catalysing the implementation of Union nature and biodiversity legislation and policy, including the actions set out in the Priority Action Frameworks developed in accordance with Directive 92/43/EEC. The strategic nature projects should support programmes of actions in Member States for the mainstreaming of relevant nature and biodiversity objectives into other policies and financing programmes, thus ensuring that appropriate funds are mobilised for implementing these policies. Member States could decide within their Strategic Plan for the Common Agricultural Policy to use a certain share of the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development allocation to leverage support for actions that complement the Strategic Nature Projects as defined under this Regulation.

(14)  Recent evaluations and assessments, including the mid-term review of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 and the Fitness Check of Nature legislation, indicate that one of the main underlying causes for insufficient implementation of Union nature legislation and of the biodiversity strategy is the lack of adequate financing. The main Union funding instruments, including the [European Regional Development Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund], can make a significant contribution towards meeting those needs, with the precondition that the funding has to be complementary. The Programme can further improve the efficiency of such mainstreaming through strategic nature projects dedicated to catalysing the implementation of Union nature and biodiversity legislation and policy, including the actions set out in the Priority Action Frameworks developed in accordance with Directive 92/43/EEC. The strategic nature projects should support programmes of actions to assist in the mainstreaming of relevant nature and biodiversity objectives into other policies and financing programmes, thus ensuring that appropriate funds are mobilised for implementing these policies. Member States could decide within their Strategic Plan for the Common Agricultural Policy to use a certain share of the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development allocation to leverage support for actions that complement the Strategic Nature Projects as defined under this Regulation.

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15)  The voluntary scheme for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Territories of European Overseas (BEST) promotes the conservation of biodiversity, including marine biodiversity, and sustainable use of ecosystem services, including ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and mitigation, in the Union's Outermost Regions and Overseas Countries and Territories. BEST has helped to raise awareness for the ecological importance of the Outermost Regions and Overseas Countries and Territories for conserving global biodiversity. In their Ministerial Declarations in 2017 and 2018, Overseas Countries and Territories have expressed their appreciation for this small grant scheme for biodiversity. It is appropriate to allow the Programme to continue financing small grants for biodiversity in both the Outermost Regions and the Overseas Countries and Territories.

(15)  The voluntary scheme for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Territories of European Overseas (BEST) promotes the conservation of biodiversity, including marine biodiversity, and sustainable use of ecosystem services, including ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and mitigation, in the Union's Outermost Regions and Overseas Countries and Territories. Through the BEST preparatory action adopted in 2011 and the subsequent BEST 2.0 Programme and BEST RUP project, BEST has helped to raise awareness for the ecological importance of the Outermost Regions and Overseas Countries and Territories and their key role in conserving global biodiversity. The Commission estimates that the need for financial support for projects on the ground in those territories is EUR 8 million per year. In their Ministerial Declarations in 2017 and 2018, Overseas Countries and Territories have expressed their appreciation for this small grant scheme for biodiversity. It is therefore appropriate for the Programme to continue to finance small grants for biodiversity, including capacity building and the capitalisation of actions funded, in both the Outermost Regions and the Overseas Countries and Territories.

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16)  Promoting the circular economy requires a mentality shift in the way of designing, producing, consuming and disposing of materials and products, including plastics. The Programme should contribute to the transition to a circular economy model through financial support targeting a variety of actors (businesses, public authorities and consumers), in particular by applying, developing, and replicating best technology, practices and solutions tailored to specific local, regional or national contexts, including through integrated approaches for the implementation of waste management and prevention plans. Through supporting the implementation of the plastics strategy, action can be taken to address the problem of marine litter in particular.

(16)  Promoting the circular economy and resource efficiency requires a mentality shift in the way of designing, producing, consuming and disposing of materials and products, including plastics. The Programme should contribute to the transition to a circular economy model through financial support targeting a variety of actors (businesses, public authorities, civil society and consumers), in particular by applying, developing, and replicating best technology, practices and solutions tailored to specific local, regional or national contexts, including through integrated approaches for the application of the waste hierarchy and the implementation of waste management and prevention plans. Through supporting the implementation of the plastics strategy, action can be taken to address the problem of marine litter in particular.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(16a)  A high level of environmental protection is of fundamental importance for the health and well-being of Union citizens. The Programme should support the Union’s objective to produce and use chemicals in ways that lead to the minimisation of significant adverse effects on human health and the environment, and to develop a Union strategy for a non-toxic environment. The Programme should also support activities to facilitate the implementation of Directive 2002/49/EC of the Parliament and of the Council1a in order to achieve noise levels that do not give rise to significant negative impacts on and risks to human health.

 

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1a Directive 2002/49/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 June 2002 relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise - Declaration by the Commission in the Conciliation Committee on the Directive relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise (OJ L 189, 18.7.2002, p. 12).

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17)  The Union's long-term objective for air policy is to achieve levels of air quality that do not cause significant negative impacts on and risks to human health. Public awareness about air pollution is high and citizens expect authorities to act. Directive (EU) 2016/2284 of the European Parliament and of the Council26 stresses the role Union funding can play in achieving clean air objectives. Therefore, the Programme should support projects, including strategic integrated projects, which have the potential to leverage public and private funds, to be showcases of good practice and catalysts for the implementation of air quality plans and legislation at local, regional, multi-regional, national and trans-national level.

(17)  The Union's long-term objective for air policy is to achieve levels of air quality that do not cause significant negative impacts on and risks to human health and the environment, while reinforcing the synergies between air quality improvements and greenhouse gas emission reduction. Public awareness about air pollution is high and citizens expect authorities to act, in particular in areas where the population and ecosystems are exposed to high levels of air pollutants. Directive (EU) 2016/2284 of the European Parliament and of the Council26 stresses the role Union funding can play in achieving clean air objectives. Therefore, the Programme should support projects, including strategic integrated projects, which have the potential to leverage public and private funds, to be showcases of good practice and catalysts for the implementation of air quality plans and legislation at local, regional, multi-regional, national and trans-national level.

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26 Directive (EU) 2016/2284 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 December 2016 on the reduction of national emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants, amending Directive 2003/35/EC and repealing Directive 2001/81/EC (OJ L 344, 17.12.2016, p. 1).

26 Directive (EU) 2016/2284 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 December 2016 on the reduction of national emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants, amending Directive 2003/35/EC and repealing Directive 2001/81/EC (OJ L 344, 17.12.2016, p. 1).

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)  The protection and restoration of the marine environment is one of the overall aims of the Union's environment policy. The Programme should support the following: the management, conservation, restoration and monitoring of biodiversity and marine ecosystems in particular in Natura 2000 marine sites and the protection of species in accordance with the prioritised action frameworks developed pursuant to Directive 92/43/EEC; the achievement of Good Environmental Status in line with the Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council28 ; the promotion of clean and healthy seas; the implementation of the European strategy for plastic in a circular economy, to address the problem of lost fishing gear and marine litter in particular; and the promotion of the Union's involvement in international ocean governance which is essential for achieving the goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to guarantee healthy oceans for future generations. The Programme's strategic integrated projects and strategic nature projects should include relevant actions aiming at the protection of the marine environment.

(19)  The protection and restoration of the aquatic environment is one of the overall aims of the Union's environment policy. The Programme should support the following: the management, conservation, restoration and monitoring of biodiversity and aquatic ecosystems in particular in Natura 2000 marine sites and the protection of species in accordance with the prioritised action frameworks developed pursuant to Directive 92/43/EEC; the achievement of Good Environmental Status in line with the Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council28 ; the promotion of clean and healthy seas; the implementation of the European strategy for plastic in a circular economy, to address the problem of lost fishing gear and marine litter in particular; and the promotion of the Union's involvement in international ocean governance which is essential for achieving the goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to guarantee healthy oceans for future generations. The Programme's strategic integrated projects and strategic nature projects should include relevant actions aiming at the protection of the aquatic environment.

_________________

_________________

28 Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) (OJ L 164, 25.6.2008, p. 19).

28 Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) (OJ L 164, 25.6.2008, p. 19).

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(19a)  The current conservation status of Natura 2000 areas on agricultural land is very poor, which indicates that such areas are still in need of protection. Current CAP payments for Natura 2000 areas are the most effective means of preserving biodiversity in agricultural land1a . However, such payments are insufficient and they do not represent a high value for natural capital. To incentivise environmental protection of such areas, CAP payments for Natura 2000 areas should therefore be increased.

 

_________________

 

1a G. Pe’er, S. Lakner, R. Müller, G. Passoni, V. Bontzorlos, D. Clough, F. Moreira,C. Azam, J. Berger, P. Bezak, A. Bonn, B. Hansjürgens, L. Hartmann, J.Kleemann, A. Lomba, A. Sahrbacher, S. Schindler, C. Schleyer, J. Schmidt, S.Schüler, C. Sirami, M. von Meyer-Höfer, and Y. Zinngrebe (2017). Is the CAP Fit for purpose? An evidence based fitness-check assessment. Leipzig, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig.

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20)  The improvement of governance on environmental, climate change and related clean energy transition matters requires involvement of civil society by raising public awareness, consumer engagement, and broadening of stakeholder involvement, including non-governmental organisations, in consultation on and implementation of related policies.

(20)  The improvement of governance on environmental, climate change and related clean energy transition matters requires involvement of civil society by raising public awareness, including through a communication strategy that takes into account new media and social networks, consumer engagement, and broadening of multi-level public and stakeholder involvement, including non-governmental organisations, in consultation on and implementation of related policies. It is, therefore, appropriate that the Programme support a broad range of NGOs as well as networks of non-profit-making entities that pursue an aim which is of general Union interest, and that are primarily active in the field of environment or climate action, by awarding, in a competitive and transparent manner, operating grants, in order to help such NGOs, networks and entities to make effective contributions to Union policy, and to build up and strengthen their capacity to become more efficient partners.

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 21

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21)  Whilst improving governance at all levels should be a cross-cutting objective for all sub-programmes of the Programme, the Programme should support the development and implementation of the horizontal legislation on the environmental governance, including the legislation implementing the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters29 .

(21)  Whilst improving governance at all levels should be a cross-cutting objective for all sub-programmes of the Programme, the Programme should support the development, implementation and enforcement of, and effective compliance with, the environment and climate acquis, in particular the horizontal legislation on the environmental governance, including the legislation implementing the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters29 29a, and the Aarhus Convention Compliance Committee.

_________________

_________________

29 OJ L 124, 17.5.2005, p. 4.

29 OJ L 124, 17.5.2005, p. 4.

 

29a Regulation (EC) N° 1367/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the application of the provisions of the Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters to Community institutions and bodies (OJ L 264, 25.9.2006, pp. 13).

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22)  The Programme should prepare and support market players for the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy by testing new business opportunities, upgrading professional skills, facilitating consumers' access to sustainable products and services, engaging and empowering influencers and testing novel methods to adapt the existing processes and business landscape. To support a broader market uptake of sustainable solutions, general public acceptance and consumer engagement should be promoted.

(22)  The Programme should prepare and support market players for the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, net-zero emission and climate-resilient economy by testing new business opportunities, upgrading professional skills, facilitating consumers' access to sustainable products and services, engaging and empowering influencers and testing novel methods to adapt the existing processes and business landscape. To support a broader market uptake of sustainable solutions, general public acceptance and consumer engagement should be promoted.

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 22 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(22a)  The Programme is designed to support the demonstration of techniques, approaches and best practice that can be replicated and upscaled. Innovative solutions would contribute to the improvement of environmental performance and sustainability, in particular for the development of sustainable farming practices in the areas active in the fields of climate, water, soil, biodiversity and waste. Synergies with other programmes and policies, such as the European Innovation Partnership for Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability and the EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme, should be emphasised in this regard.

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 23

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(23)  At Union level, large investments in environmental and climate actions are primarily funded by major Union funding programmes (mainstreaming). In the context of their catalytic role, strategic integrated projects and strategic nature projects to be developed under the Programme should leverage financing opportunities under those funding programmes and other sources of funding such as national funds, and create synergies.

(23)  At Union level, large investments in environmental and climate actions are primarily funded by major Union funding programmes. It is therefore imperative to step up the mainstreaming efforts, to ensure sustainability, biodiversity and climate proofing of other Union funding programmes and the integration of sustainability safeguards in all Union instruments. The Commission should have the power to adopt a common methodology and take effective measures to ensure that LIFE projects are not negatively affected by other Union programmes and policies. In the context of their catalytic role, strategic integrated projects and strategic nature projects to be developed under the Programme should leverage financing opportunities under those funding programmes and other sources of funding such as national funds, and create synergies.

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 23 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(23a)  The success of strategic nature projects and strategic integrated projects depends on close cooperation between national, regional and local authorities and the non-state actors affected by the Programme's objectives. The principles of transparency and disclosure regarding decisions concerning the development, implementation, assessment and monitoring of projects should, therefore, be applied, in particular in the case of mainstreaming or when multiple funding sources are involved.

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 24

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(24)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and to the achievement of an overall target of 25 % of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives. Actions under this Programme are expected to contribute 61% of the overall financial envelope of the Programme to climate objectives. Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes.

(24)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in a coordinated and ambitious manner, in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and to the achievement of an overall target of at least 25%of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives over the MFF 2021-2027 period, and an annual target of 30 % as soon as possible and at the latest by 2027. Actions under this Programme are expected to contribute [61%] of the overall financial envelope of the Programme to climate objectives. Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes.

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25)  In the implementation of the Programme due consideration should be given to the strategy for outermost regions in view of Article 349 TFEU and the specific needs and vulnerabilities of these regions. Union policies other than environmental, climate and relevant clean energy transition policies should also be taken into account.

(25)  In the implementation of the Programme due consideration should be given to the strategy for outermost regions in view of Article 349 TFEU and the specific needs and vulnerabilities of these regions. Union and Member State funding should be appropriately strengthened in that regard. Union policies other than environmental, climate and relevant clean energy transition policies should also be taken into account.

Amendment    30

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 26

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(26)  In support of the implementation of the Programme, the Commission should collaborate with the Programme’s national contact points, organise seminars and workshops, publish lists of projects funded under the Programme or undertake other activities to disseminate project results and to facilitate exchanges of experience, knowledge and best practices and the replication of project results across the Union. Such activities should in particular target Member States with a low uptake of funds and should facilitate the communication and cooperation between project beneficiaries, applicants or stakeholders of completed and ongoing projects in the same field.

(26)  In support of the implementation of the Programme, the Commission should collaborate with the Programme’s national regional and local contact points, including in the set-up of an advisory network at local level to facilitate the development of projects with high added-value and policy impact and to ensure the provision of information on complementary financing, transferability of projects as well as long-term sustainability, organise seminars and workshops, publish lists of projects funded under the Programme or undertake other activities, such as media campaigns, in order to better disseminate project results and to facilitate exchanges of experience, knowledge and best practices and the replication of project results across the Union, thus promoting cooperation and communication. Such activities should in particular target Member States with a low uptake of funds and should facilitate the communication and cooperation between project beneficiaries, applicants or stakeholders of completed and ongoing projects in the same field. It is essential that such communication and cooperation also involve regional and local authorities and stakeholders.

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 28 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(28a)  The minimum and maximum co-financing rates should be set at levels such as are necessary to maintain the effective level of support provided by the Programme, while taking into account the necessary flexibility and adaptability that is needed to respond to the existing range of actions and entities.

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 31

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(31)  The types of financing and the methods of implementation should be chosen on the basis of their ability to achieve the specific objectives of the actions and to deliver results, taking into account, in particular, the costs of controls, the administrative burden, and the expected risk of non-compliance. As regards grants, this should include consideration of the use of lump sums, flat rates and scales of unit costs.

(31)  The types of financing and the methods of implementation should be chosen on the basis of their ability to achieve the specific objectives of the actions and to deliver results, taking into account, in particular, the costs of controls, the administrative burden, and the expected risk of non-compliance. As regards grants, this should include consideration of the use of lump sums, flat rates and scales of unit costs. The Commission should ensure that implementation is easy to understand, and should promote genuine simplification for project developers.

Amendment    33

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 36 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(36a)  In order to ensure that support from and implementation of the Programme is consistent with the policies and priorities of the Union and complementary to other financial instruments of the Union, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in order to supplement this Regulation by adopting multiannual work programmes. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making. In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States' experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts.

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 38

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(38)  Since the objectives of this Regulation, namely contributing to sustainable development and to the achievement of the objectives and targets of the Union environment, climate and relevant clean energy legislation, strategies, plans or international commitments cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States but can rather, by reason of scale and effects of this Regulation, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve those objectives.

(38)  Since the objectives of this Regulation, namely contributing to a high level of environmental protection and ambitious climate action with good governance and a multi-stakeholder approach and to the achievement of the objectives and targets of the Union environment, biodiversity, climate, circular economy and relevant renewable energy and energy efficiency legislation, strategies, plans or international commitments, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States but can rather, by reason of scale and effects of this Regulation, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve those objectives.

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

This Regulation establishes the Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) (the ‘Programme’).

This Regulation establishes a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) (the ‘Programme’), covering the period from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2027.

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

It lays down the objectives of the Programme, the budget for the period 2021-2027, the forms of Union funding and the rules for providing such funding.

It lays down the objectives of the Programme, the budget for that period, the forms of Union funding and the rules for providing such funding.

Amendment    37

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1)  'strategic nature projects' means projects that support the achievement of Union nature and biodiversity objectives by implementing coherent programmes of action in the Member States to mainstream these objectives and priorities into other policies and financing instruments, including through coordinated implementation of the priority action frameworks established pursuant to Directive 92/43/EEC;

(1)  'strategic nature projects' means projects that support the achievement of Union nature and biodiversity objectives, by implementing coherent programmes of action, in particular by mainstreaming these objectives and priorities into other policies and financing instruments, including through coordinated implementation of the priority action frameworks established pursuant to Directive 92/43/EEC;

Amendment    38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The general objective of the Programme is to contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, including through the transition to clean energy, to the protection and improvement of the quality of the environment and to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, thereby contributing to sustainable development.

1.  The general objective of the Programme is to contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, net-zero emission and climate-resilient economy, to protect and improve the quality of the environment and to halt and reverse biodiversity loss and the degradation of ecosystems, thereby contributing to sustainable development.

Amendment    39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  to develop, demonstrate and promote innovative techniques and approaches for reaching the objectives of the Union legislation and policy on environment and climate action, including the transition to clean energy, and to contribute to the application of best practice in relation to nature and biodiversity;

(a)  to develop, demonstrate and promote innovative techniques and approaches for reaching the objectives of the Union legislation and policy on environment and climate action, including the transition to clean, renewable energy and increased energy efficiency, and to contribute to the knowledge base, effective management and application of best practice, in relation to nature and biodiversity, including through the support of the Natura 2000 network;

Amendment    40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  to support the development, implementation, monitoring and enforcement of the relevant Union legislation and policy, including by improving governance through enhancing capacities of public and private actors and the involvement of civil society;

(b)  to support the development, implementation, monitoring, effective compliance and enforcement of the relevant Union legislation and policy, in particular by supporting the implementation of General Union Environment Action Programmes that have been adopted pursuant to Article 192(3) TFEU and by improving environmental and climate governance at all levels, including by enhancing capacities of public and private actors and the involvement of civil society;

Amendment    41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021-2027 shall be EUR 5 450 000 000 in current prices.

1.  The financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021-2027 shall be EUR 6 442 000 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 7 272 000 000 in current prices).

Justification

In line with the decision of the Conference of Presidents of 13 September 2018, this amendment reflects the figures contained in the interim report on the Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027 adopted by the plenary on 14 November 2018.

Amendment    42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The indicative distribution of the amount referred to in paragraph 1 shall be:

2. The indicative distribution of the amount referred to in paragraph 1 shall be:

(a)  EUR 3 500 000 000 for the field Environment, of which

(a)  EUR 4 715 000 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 5 322 000 000 in current prices, which constitutes 73,2% of the total financial envelope of the Programme) for the field Environment, of which

(1)  EUR 2 150 000 000 for the sub-programme Nature and Biodiversity and

(1)  EUR 2 829 000 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 3 261 420 000 in current prices which constitutes 44,9% of the total financial envelope of the Programme) for the sub-programme Nature and Biodiversity and

(2)  EUR 1 350 000 000 for the sub-programme Circular Economy and Quality of Life;

(2)  EUR 1 886 000 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 2 060 580 000 in current prices which constitutes 28,3% of the total financial envelope of the Programme) for the sub-programme Circular Economy and Quality of Life;

(b)   EUR 1 950 000 000 for the field Climate Action, of which

(b)   EUR 1 950 000 000 for the field Climate Action, of which

(1)   EUR 950 000 000 for the sub-programme Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation and

(1)   EUR 950 000 000 for the sub-programme Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation and

(2)   EUR 1 000 000 000 for the sub-programme Clean Energy Transition.

(2)   EUR 1 000 000 000 for the sub-programme Clean Energy Transition.

Justification

In line with the decision of the Conference of Presidents of 13 September 2018, this amendment reflects the figures contained in the interim report on the Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027 adopted by the plenary on 14 November 2018.

Amendment    43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The Programme shall be open to the following third countries:

1.  Subject to fully complying with all its rules and regulations, the Programme shall be open to the following third countries:

Amendment    44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 6a

 

International cooperation

 

In the course of implementing the Programme, cooperation with relevant international organisations, and with their institutions and bodies, shall be possible where needed for the purpose of achieving the general objectives set out in Article 3.

Amendment    45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Programme shall be implemented in a way which ensures its consistency with the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, Horizon Europe, the Connecting Europe Facility and InvestEU, in order to create synergies, particularly as regards strategic nature projects and strategic integrated projects, and to support the uptake and replication of solutions developed under the Programme.

The Commission shall ensure the consistent implementation of the Programme and the Commission and the Member States shall ensure coherence and coordination with the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, Horizon Europe, the Connecting Europe Facility, the Emissions Trading System Innovation Fund and InvestEU, in order to create synergies, particularly as regards strategic nature projects and strategic integrated projects, and to support the uptake and replication of solutions developed under the Programme The Commission and Member States shall ensure complementarity at all levels. The Commission shall identify specific actions and shall mobilise relevant finance under other Union programmes, and facilitate the coordinated and coherent implementation of the complementary actions financed from other sources.

Amendment    46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  Projects under the sub-programme Nature and Biodiversity concerning the management, restoration and monitoring of Natura 2000 sites in accordance with Directives 92/43/EEC and 2009/147/EC shall be supported in accordance with prioritised action frameworks established pursuant to Directive 92/43/EEC.

3.  Projects under the sub-programme Nature and Biodiversity concerning the management, restoration and monitoring of Natura 2000 sites in accordance with Directives 92/43/EEC and 2009/147/EC shall take account of priorities set out in national and regional plans, strategies and policies, inter alia in prioritised action frameworks established pursuant to Directive 92/43/EEC.

Amendment    47

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  Grants may finance activities outside the Union, provided that the project pursues Union environmental and climate objectives and the activities outside the Union are necessary to ensure the effectiveness of interventions carried out in Member State territories.

4.  Grants may finance activities outside a Member State or an overseas country or territory linked to it, provided that the project pursues Union environmental and climate objectives and the activities outside the Union are necessary to ensure the effectiveness of interventions carried out in Member State territories or an overseas country or territory, or to support international agreements to which the Union is party.

Amendment    48

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 2 – point a – point 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)  other third countries listed in the work programme under the conditions specified in paragraphs 4 to 6;

(3)  other third countries listed in the multiannual work programmes, under the conditions specified in paragraphs 4 to 6;

Amendment    49

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

6a.  In order to ensure effective use of the Programme’s funds and efficient participation by the legal entities referred to in paragraph 4, the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 21 to supplement this Article by laying down the extent to which participation by those legal entities in the environmental and climate policy conducted by the Union is sufficient for them to be considered eligible for the Programme.

Amendment    50

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 12a

 

Project submission and selection procedures

 

1.  The Programme shall introduce the following procedures for the submission and selection of projects:

 

(a)  a simplified two-stage approach based on the submission and evaluation of a summary, followed by a full proposal for those candidates whose proposals have been pre-selected;

 

(b)  a standard one-stage approach based solely on the submission and evaluation of a full proposal. If the standard approach is chosen in preference to the simplified approach, reasons shall be given for that choice in the work programme, in view of the organisational and operational constraints linked to each sub-programme and, if applicable, to each call for proposals.

 

2.  For the purposes of paragraph 1, a ‘summary’ means a note of no more than 10 pages including a description of the project’s content, the potential partner(s), constraints that are likely to arise and the emergency plan to address them, as well as the strategy selected to ensure the sustainability of the project’s results after it has ended, administrative forms relating to the beneficiaries participating in the project and a detailed project budget.

Amendment    51

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 13

Article 13

Award criteria

Award criteria

Award criteria shall be set out in the calls for proposals taking into account the following:

Award criteria shall be defined in the multiannual work programmes, as set out in Article 17, and in the calls for proposals taking into account the following:

(a)  projects financed by the Programme shall avoid undermining environmental, climate or relevant clean energy objectives of the Programme and, where possible, shall promote the use of green public procurement;

(a)  projects financed by the Programme shall not undermine environmental, climate or relevant clean energy objectives of the Programme and, whenever possible, shall promote the use of green public procurement;

 

(aa)  projects shall ensure a cost-effective approach and be technically and financially coherent;

 

(ab)  projects with the highest potential contribution for the achievement of the objectives set out in Article 3 shall be given priority;

(b)   projects that provide co-benefits and promote synergies between the sub-programmes referred to in Article 4 shall be given priority;

(b)   projects that provide co-benefits and promote synergies between the sub-programmes referred to in Article 4 shall be given priority;

(c)  projects with the highest potential of being replicated and taken-up by the public or private sector or of mobilising the largest investments or financial resources (catalytic potential) shall be given priority;

(c)  projects with the highest potential of being replicated and taken-up by the public or private sector or of mobilising the largest investments or financial resources (catalytic potential) shall benefit from a bonus in their evaluation;

(d)   the replicability of standard action project results shall be ensured;

(d)   the replicability of standard action project results shall be ensured;

(e)   projects that build on or upscale the results of other projects funded by the Programme, its predecessor programmes or with other Union funds shall benefit from a bonus in their evaluation;

(e)   projects that build on or upscale the results of other projects funded by the Programme, its predecessor programmes or with other Union funds shall benefit from a bonus in their evaluation;

(f)  where appropriate, special regard shall be given to projects in geographical areas with specific needs or vulnerabilities, such as areas with specific environmental challenges or natural constraints, trans-border areas or outermost regions.

(f)  where appropriate, special regard shall be given to the biogeographic balance of projects and projects in geographical areas with specific needs or vulnerabilities, such as areas with specific environmental challenges or natural constraints, trans-border areas, areas of high natural value or outermost regions.

Amendment    52

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  An action that has received a contribution from another Union programme may also receive a contribution under the Programme, provided that the contributions do not cover the same costs. The rules of each contributing Union programme shall apply to its respective contribution to the action. The cumulative funding shall not exceed the total eligible costs of the action and the support from the different Union programmes may be calculated on a pro-rata basis in accordance with the documents setting out the conditions for support.

1.  An action that has received a contribution from another Union programme may also receive a contribution under the Programme, provided that the contributions do not cover the same costs. In order to be eligible for contributions under the Programme, actions that have been financed by other Union programmes shall have avoided undermining the environmental or climate objectives set out in Article 3. The rules of each contributing Union programme shall apply to its respective contribution to the action. The cumulative funding shall not exceed the total eligible costs of the action and the support from the different Union programmes may be calculated on a pro-rata basis in accordance with the documents setting out the conditions for support.

Amendment    53

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.   Actions awarded a Seal of Excellence certification, or which comply with the following cumulative, comparative conditions:

2.   Actions awarded a Seal of Excellence certification, or which comply with the following cumulative, comparative conditions:

(a)   they have been assessed in a call for proposals under the Programme;

(a)   they have been assessed in a call for proposals under the Programme;

(b)   they comply with the minimum quality requirements of that call for proposals;

(b)   they comply with the minimum quality requirements of that call for proposals;

(c)   they may not be financed under that call for proposals due to budgetary constraints.

(c)   they may not be financed under that call for proposals due to budgetary constraints.

may receive support from the European Regional Development Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Social Fund+ or the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article [67] of Regulation (EU) XX [Common Provisions Regulation] and Article [8] or Regulation (EU) XX [Financing, management and monitoring of the Common Agricultural Policy], provided that such actions are consistent with the objectives of the programme concerned. The rules of the Fund providing support shall apply.

may receive support from the European Regional Development Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Social Fund+ or the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article [67] of Regulation (EU) XX [Common Provisions Regulation] and Article [8] or Regulation (EU) XX [Financing, management and monitoring of the Common Agricultural Policy], provided that such actions are consistent with the objectives and eligibility criteria of the programme concerned. The rules of the Fund providing support shall apply.

Amendment    54

Proposal for a regulation

Article 16 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Blending operations under this Programme shall be implemented in accordance with the [InvestEU Regulation] and Title X of the Financial Regulation.

Blending operations under this Programme shall be implemented in accordance with the [InvestEU Regulation] and Title X of the Financial Regulation, with due regard to sustainability and transparency requirements.

Amendment    55

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Work programme

Multiannual work programme

Amendment    56

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The Programme shall be implemented by at least two multiannual work programmes referred to in Article 110 of the Financial Regulation. Work programmes shall set out, where applicable, the overall amount reserved for blending operations.

1.  The Programme shall be implemented by at least two multiannual work programmes referred to in Article 110 of the Financial Regulation. The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 21 in order to supplement this Regulation by adopting those multiannual work programmes.

Amendment    57

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  The Commission shall ensure that the co-legislators and relevant stakeholders, including civil society organisations, are adequately consulted when the multiannual work programmes are developed.

Amendment    58

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 2 – point a a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa)  the minimum and the maximum levels for co-financing rates, differentiated amongst the sub-programmes set out in Article 4 and eligible actions set out in Article 10, for which the total maximum co-financing rates in the first multiannual work programme for the actions referred to in points (a), (b) and (d) of Article 10(2) and in Article 10(5) shall be up to [60%] of eligible costs and [75%] in the case of projects, funded under the sub-programme Nature and Biodiversity, that concern priority habitats or species for the implementation of Directive 92/43/EEC or the species of birds considered as a priority for funding by the Committee for Adaptation to Technical and Scientific Progress, set up pursuant to Article 16 of Directive 2009/147/EC, when necessary to achieve the conservation objective;

Amendment    59

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 2 – point a b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ab)  the maximum overall amount reserved for blending operations;

Amendment    60

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 2 – point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(da)  indicative timetables for the calls for proposals for the period covered by the multiannual work programme;

Amendment    61

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 2 – point d b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(db)  the technical methodology for the project submission and selection procedure and selection and award criteria, set out in Article 13, for grants;

Amendment    62

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  The duration of the first multiannual work programme shall be four years and the duration of the second multiannual work programme shall be three years.

Amendment    63

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 2 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2b.  The Commission shall ensure that unused funds in a given call for proposals are reallocated between the different types of actions referred to in Article 10(2).

Amendment    64

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 2 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2c.  The Commission shall ensure stakeholder consultation in the development of the multiannual work programmes.

Amendment    65

Proposal for a regulation

Article 19 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Evaluations shall be carried out in a timely manner to feed into the decision-making process.

1.  Evaluations shall be carried out in a timely manner to feed into the decision-making process with due regard to coherence, synergies, Union added value and long-term sustainability, using priorities of the relevant Environment Action Programme.

Amendment    66

Proposal for a regulation

Article 19 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The interim evaluation of the Programme shall be performed once there is sufficient information available about the implementation of the Programme, but no later than four years after the start of the Programme implementation.

2.  The mid-term evaluation of the Programme shall be performed once there is sufficient information available about the implementation of the Programme, but no later than three years after the start of the Programme implementation, making use of the output and result indicators as set in accordance with Annex II. The evaluation shall, if necessary, be accompanied by a proposal for an amendment of this Regulation.

 

The evaluation shall cover at least the following:

 

(a)  qualitative and quantitative aspects of the implementation of the Programme;

 

(b)  efficiency of the use of resources,

 

(c)  the degree to which the objectives of all the measures have been achieved, specifying where possible, results and impacts,

 

(d)  the actual or expected success of projects in leveraging other Union funds, taking into account, in particular, the benefits of increased coherence with other Union financial instruments,

 

(e)  the extent to which synergies between the objectives have been reached and its complementarity with other relevant Union programmes,

 

(f)  the Union added value and long-term impact of the Programme, with a view to taking a decision on the renewal, modification or suspension of the measures,

 

(g)  the extent to which stakeholders have been involved;

 

(h)  a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the contribution of the Programme to the conservation status of habitats and species listed under Directives 92/43/EEC and 2009/147/EC;

Amendment    67

Proposal for a regulation

Article 19 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  At the end of the implementation of the Programme, but no later than four years after the end of the period specified in the second paragraph of Article 1, a final evaluation of the Programme shall be carried out by the Commission.

3.  At the end of the implementation of the Programme, but no later than four years after the end of the period specified in the second paragraph of Article 1, a final evaluation of the Programme shall be carried out by the Commission and be complemented by an external and independent ex-post evaluation report covering the implementation and results of the Programme.

Amendment    68

Proposal for a regulation

Article 19 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  The Commission shall communicate the conclusions of the evaluations accompanied by its observations, to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions.

4.  The Commission shall submit the conclusions of the evaluations accompanied by its observations, to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions and the Commission shall make the results of the evaluations publicly available.

Amendment    69

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The recipients of Union funding shall acknowledge the origin and ensure the visibility of the Union funding (in particular when promoting the projects and their results), by providing coherent, effective and proportionate targeted information to multiple audiences, including the media and the public.

1.  The recipients of Union funding shall acknowledge the origin and ensure the visibility of the Union funding (in particular when promoting the projects and their results), by providing coherent, effective and proportionate targeted information to multiple audiences, including the media and the public. For that purpose, the recipients shall use the Programme logo, as depicted in Annex IIa, for all communication activities and that logo shall appear on notice boards visible to the public at strategic places. All durable goods acquired in the framework of the Programme shall bear the Programme logo except in cases specified by the Commission.

Amendment    70

Proposal for a regulation

Article 23 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  Reflows from financial instruments established under Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 may be invested in the financial instruments established under [InvestEU Fund].

4.  Reflows from financial instruments established under Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 shall be reallocated between the actions under this Programme.

Amendment    71

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – point 2 – point 2.1 – indent 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

-  Chemicals

Amendment    72

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – point 2 – point 2.1 – indent 5 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

-  Noise

Amendment    73

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – point 2 – point 2.1 – indent 5 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

-  Resource use and efficiency

Amendment    74

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – point 2 – point 2.2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2.2a.  Public Awareness

Amendment    75

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

ANNEX IIa

 

Programme logo

 

 

(1)

  Not yet published in the Official Journal.

(2)

  Not yet published in the Official Journal.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

The protection of the environment is not an obstacle to economic growth and employment. On the contrary, halting and reversing biodiversity loss, decarbonisation and the transition to a circular economy are vital for long-term socio-economic prosperity and global competiveness. As repeated by the institutions, the EU should be the global frontrunner for sustainable economic growth and employment. Despite this, much more has to be done.

Proper implementation of EU environmental and climate legislation and policy, combined with the requisite funding, is necessary to meet the overarching environment and climate objectives and international commitments of the EU and the Member States. A key demand for the European Parliament has been to assure a sufficient level of funding for the Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027 and a greater concentration of budgetary resources in areas that demonstrate a clear European added value and stimulate sustainable economic growth. The EU budget is limited in its means however, and the Member States must also ensure sufficient national resources to meet the targets set by the EU.

As the only programme dedicated specifically to environment and climate action, LIFE remains a crucial, effective and efficient financial instrument for help contribute to achieving the EU’s objectives. A doubling of the financial envelope for the LIFE programme is therefore required and justified, as has been reiterated by the European Parliament. Considering that there are multiple other financing means for climate mitigation and adaptation, it is appropriate that the additional funds proportionally supplement the Environment portfolio within the envelope.

Given the size of the proposed financial envelope of the LIFE programme, one cannot expect that it will be sufficient to reach the overarching environment and climate ambitions of the EU. To compensate for the modest budget, LIFE is expected to facilitate mainstreaming, in particular in the larger funding programmes of the EU. While an improved mainstreaming approach will undoubtedly bring benefits, it is imperative that there is sufficient transparency, monitoring and assessment for the programmes for which LIFE is intended to be a mainstreaming catalyst. Strict compliance and greater coherence across the synergetic budget programmes and EU policy areas will be needed to ensure that expenditures effectively achieve the set objectives of LIFE.

Merit and quality

Performance based budgeting, and an emphasis on quality and merit should be the lynchpins for any public financing. National allocations have been deemed ineffective and the phase-out of such allocations in the current LIFE programme is a welcome development, which corresponds to the demands of the Parliament. It is important to note that a focus on merit will ensure that EU funds are targeted towards overarching EU objectives instead of varying national priorities. A renationalisation of the LIFE priorities and funding would not reduce the burden on taxpayers and consumers, nor achieve better results, but would instead hamper efficiency and effectiveness of the Programme.

Centralisation of management and targeted guidance will help create a level playing field and raise the standard and overall added value of proposals and projects. The Commission has made positive steps, with the development of the National Contact Points and network. It is important to note that that this should not lead to a lowering of standards for the criteria for awards. A horizontal application of clearly defined criteria is needed to reach the objectives of LIFE.

Balancing flexibility and accountability

The Commission has made substantial steps in condensing the legal text and the streamlining of decision-making process. While this is commendable, it must not result in legal uncertainty or insecurity for current and funding actions. Strategic flexibility and adaptability will allow LIFE to meet the most pressing priorities. The added emphasis one those elements in the Multiannual Work Programmes is a positive step; nevertheless, clarity and stability are central to the efficient and effective function of any budget programme. A carte blanche for efficiency reasons must not be to the detriment of reaching LIFE’s objectives and overarching goals of the EU. It is therefore appropriate for the MAWPs to be implemented through delegated acts, ensuring inter-institutional and stakeholder involvement and democratic accountability.

The impact assessment states that the legal base does not prejudge the specific rates of financing, considering changing demands and requirements. By setting the minimum and maximum co-financing rates, which vary for the sub-programmes and actions, potential applicants and projects are afforded stability, while allowing for flexibility and adaptability to consider individual requirements and situations.

Environment

LIFE is an important driver and catalyst for nature conservation in the EU, in particular for the implementation of the Birds and Habitats Directives and through the management of Natura 2000. Biodiversity and healthy ecosystems are also essential for growth, jobs and the economy. An estimated 4.4 million jobs depend directly on healthy ecosystems in Europe and the Natura 2000 network contributes between 1.7 and 2.5% to EU GDP through the provision of ecosystem services, such as carbon storage, water purification, pollination and tourism. Despite this, the 2020 EU biodiversity targets and Aichi Biodiversity Targets will not be met with the current trajectory of biodiversity loss. In order to step up its efforts, the EU must commit to immediate, substantial and additional efforts on nature conservation.

The impact assessment states that the protection of biodiversity and ecosystems would be best served through a targeted approach, based on funding small projects, in comparison to a larger, more general fund for biodiversity. An increased envelope would increase the reach and impact of such targeted projects, while contributing to mainstream and catalytic effects. On that scale, it is important to ensure transparency, accountability and effectiveness. The European Parliament has stressed that the EU, and in particular Member States, must ensure clear, quantitative, measurable targets with performance indicators, tracking instruments, commitment processes and review and reporting mechanisms.

Climate and clean energy transition

The Union’s 2030 climate and energy targets, its mid-century and long-term decarbonisation strategy and its commitments under the Paris Agreement must be matched with the appropriate policies and financial resources. In the current MFF, the EU has failed to meet its climate-related spending target every year. In addition to climate benefits, a clean energy transition will create jobs, stimulate growth and improve energy security. The European Parliament has underlined that an increase of climate-related spending to a minimum of 30% in the MFF for 2021-2027 is therefore essential.

The decarbonisation objective of the Paris Agreement requires a rapid shift to a clean, low-emission energy strategy. A considerable share of the proposed increase to LIFE has been directed to the new Clean Energy Transition sub-programme. This can be seen as a natural development, due to the particular functioning of LIFE; it is, albeit, important to underline that LIFE spending should only be used for catalysing the development and uptake of renewable energy and energy efficiency projects.


OPINION of the Committee on Budgets (06.11.2018)

for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) and repealing Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013

(COM(2018)0385 – C8‑0249/2018 – 2018/0209(COD))

Rapporteur for opinion: Anneli Jäätteenmäki

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

Climate change and environmental degradation are large-scale global problems that have an ever-growing impact on our societies. Environmental challenges do not respect borders. Tackling environmental challenges in a responsible and sustainable manner requires increased cooperation on all levels. 

The Programme of the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) is the main Union instrument and the only EU fund dedicated solely to environmental and climate objectives. Considering the scope of the problems we are facing, it is well justified to reinforce the budget of the programme.

As urged by the European Parliament in the resolutions of 14th March(1)[1] and 30th May(2)[2] on the next MFF, the financial envelope of the programme should be doubled as compared to its financing level under the current MFF.

The Rapporteur supports the European Parliament's position to increase the overall EU budget spending target for supporting climate objectives from 25 to 30 %, to be reached as soon as possible and at the latest by 2027. In addition, due to the EU climate-mainstreaming target, climate-related actions will also receive funding from a number of other programmes in the next MFF.

The Rapporteur considers it important to ensure financial reinforcement for environmental actions. She therefore proposes to allocate more funding to the Environment sub-programmes within the LIFE programme.

The Rapporteur acknowledges the good work done by the Commission, especially highlighting the catalytic role of LIFE funding and its complementarity with other union instruments.

The Rapporteur also welcomes the Commission proposal to extend and reinforce the use of strategic integrated projects, which have had positive impacts on innovations in the environmental field. 

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Budgets calls on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7)  Complying with the Union's commitments under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change requires the transformation of the Union into an energy efficient, low carbon and climate resilient society. This in turn requires actions, with a special focus on sectors that contribute most to the current levels of CO2 output and pollution, contributing to the implementation of the 2030 energy and climate policy framework and the Member States' Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans and preparations for the Union's mid-century and long-term climate and energy strategy. The Programme should also include measures contributing to the implementation of the Union's climate adaptation policy to decrease vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change.

(7)  Complying with the Union's commitments under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change requires the transformation of the Union into an energy efficient, sustainable, circular, low carbon and climate resilient society. This in turn requires actions, with a special focus on sectors that contribute most to the current levels of CO2 output and pollution, contributing to the implementation of the 2030 energy and climate policy framework and the Member States' Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans and implementation of the Union's mid-century and long-term climate and energy strategy, in line with the objective of the Paris Agreement. The Programme should also include measures contributing to the implementation of the Union's climate adaptation policy to decrease vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  The transition to clean energy is an essential contribution to the mitigation of climate change with co-benefits for the environment. Actions for capacity building supporting the clean energy transition, funded until 2020 under Horizon 2020, should be integrated in the Programme since their objective is not to fund excellence and generate innovation, but to facilitate the uptake of already available technology that will contribute to climate mitigation. The inclusion of these capacity building activities into the Programme offers potential for synergies between the sub-programmes and increases the overall coherence of Union funding. Therefore, data should be collected and disseminated on the uptake of existing research and innovation solutions in the LIFE projects, including from the Horizon Europe programme and its predecessors.

(8)  The transition to clean energy is an essential contribution to the mitigation of climate change with co-benefits for the environment. Actions for capacity building supporting the clean energy transition, funded until 2020 under Horizon 2020, should be integrated in the Programme since their objective is not to fund excellence and generate innovation, but to facilitate the uptake of already available technology, for renewable energy and energy efficiency, that will contribute to climate mitigation. The inclusion of these capacity building activities into the Programme offers potential for synergies between the sub-programmes and increases the overall coherence of Union funding. Therefore, data should be collected and disseminated on the uptake of existing research and innovation solutions in the LIFE projects, including from the Horizon Europe programme and its predecessors.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  The impact assessments of the Clean Energy legislation estimate that the delivery of the Union's 2030 energy targets will require additional investments of EUR 177 billion annually in the period 2021-2030. The biggest gaps relate to the investments in buildings decarbonisation (energy efficiency and small-scale renewable energy sources), where capital needs to be channelled towards projects of highly distributed nature. One of the objectives of the Clean Energy Transition sub-programme is to build capacity for projects development and aggregation, thereby also helping to absorb funds from the European Structural and Investment Funds and catalyse investments in clean energy also using the financial instruments provided under InvestEU.

(9)  The impact assessments of the Clean Energy legislation estimate that the delivery of the Union's 2030 energy targets will require additional investments of EUR 177 billion annually in the period 2021-2030. The biggest gaps relate to the investments in buildings decarbonisation (energy efficiency and small-scale renewable energy sources), where capital needs to be channelled towards projects of highly distributed nature. One of the objectives of the Clean Energy Transition sub-programme is to build capacity for projects development and aggregation, thereby also helping to absorb funds from the European Structural and Investment Funds and catalyse investments for supporting renewable energy and energy efficiency, also using the financial instruments provided under InvestEU.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9 a)  LIFE programme is the only programme dedicated specifically to environment and climate action, and therefore plays a crucial role in supporting the implementation of Union legislation in these areas;

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 24

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(24)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and to the achievement of an overall target of 25 % of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives. Actions under this Programme are expected to contribute 61% of the overall financial envelope of the Programme to climate objectives. Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes.

(24)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and to the achievement of an overall target of 25% of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives over the MFF 2021-2027 period, and an annual target of 30% as soon as possible and at the latest by 2027. Actions under this Programme are expected to contribute 61% of the overall financial envelope of the Programme to climate objectives. Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021-2027 shall be EUR 5 450 000 000 in current prices.

1. The financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021-2027 shall be EUR 6 442 000 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 7 272 000 000 in current prices).

Justification

The financial envelope is proposed to be amended in line with the EP resolutions of 14 March and 30 May on the next MFF.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – point a – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) EUR 3 500 000 000 for the field Environment, of which

(a) 70 %, which corresponds to EUR 4 509 400 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 5 090 400 000 in current prices), for the field Environment, of which

Justification

The LIFE programme is the only EU fund entirely dedicated to environmental and climate objectives. While the EU climate-mainstreaming target climate-related actions will also be funded from a number of other programmes in the next MFF, it is crucial to ensure financial reinforcement for environmental actions. It is therefore justified to allocate more funding to the Environment sub-programmes within the LIFE programme (70 %, instead of 64,2% as proposed by the Commission).

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – point a – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) EUR 2 150 000 000 for the sub-programme Nature and Biodiversity and

(1) 61 %, which corresponds to EUR 2 750 734 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 3 105 144 000 in current prices), for the sub-programme Nature and Biodiversity and

Justification

The LIFE programme is the only EU fund entirely dedicated to environmental and climate objectives. While the EU climate-mainstreaming target climate-related actions will also be funded from a number of other programmes in the next MFF, it is crucial to ensure financial reinforcement for environmental actions. It is therefore justified to allocate more funding to the Environment sub-programmes within the LIFE programme (70 %, instead of 64,2% as proposed by the Commission).

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – point a – point 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) EUR 1 350 000 000 for the sub-programme Circular Economy and Quality of Life;

(2) 39 %, which corresponds to EUR 1 758 666 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 1 958 256 000 in current prices), for the sub-programme Circular Economy and Quality of Life;

Justification

The LIFE programme is the only EU fund entirely dedicated to environmental and climate objectives. While the EU climate-mainstreaming target climate-related actions will also be funded from a number of other programmes in the next MFF, it is crucial to ensure financial reinforcement for environmental actions. It is therefore justified to allocate more funding to the Environment sub-programmes within the LIFE programme (70 %, instead of 64,2% as proposed by the Commission).

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – point b – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) EUR 1 950 000 000 for the field Climate Action, of which

(b) 30 %, which corresponds to EUR 1 932 600 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 2 182 000 000 in current prices) for the field Climate Action, of which

Justification

The LIFE programme is the only EU fund entirely dedicated to environmental and climate objectives. While the EU climate-mainstreaming target climate-related actions will also be funded from a number of other programmes in the next MFF, it is crucial to ensure financial reinforcement for environmental actions. It is therefore justified to allocate more funding to the Environment sub-programmes within the LIFE programme (70 %, instead of 64,2% as proposed by the Commission).

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – point b – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1) EUR 950 000 000 for the sub-programme Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation and

(1) 49 %, which corresponds to EUR 946 974 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 1 069 180 000 in current prices), for the sub-programme Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation and

Justification

The LIFE programme is the only EU fund entirely dedicated to environmental and climate objectives. While the EU climate-mainstreaming target climate-related actions will also be funded from a number of other programmes in the next MFF, it is crucial to ensure financial reinforcement for environmental actions. It is therefore justified to allocate more funding to the Environment sub-programmes within the LIFE programme (70 %, instead of 64,2% as proposed by the Commission).

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2 – point b – point 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) EUR 1 000 000 000 for the sub-programme Clean Energy Transition.

(2) 51%, which corresponds to EUR 985 626 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 1 112 820 000 in current prices), for the sub-programme Clean Energy Transition.

Justification

The LIFE programme is the only EU fund entirely dedicated to environmental and climate objectives. While the EU climate-mainstreaming target climate-related actions will also be funded from a number of other programmes in the next MFF, it is crucial to ensure financial reinforcement for environmental actions. It is therefore justified to allocate more funding to the Environment sub-programmes within the LIFE programme (70 %, instead of 64,2% as proposed by the Commission).

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 18 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. The Commission shall regularly monitor and report on mainstreaming of climate and biodiversity objectives, including the amount of expenditure. The contribution of this Regulation to the budget-wide target of 25% of expenditure contributing to climate objectives shall be tracked through the Union climate marker system. Biodiversity-related spending shall be tracked using a specific set of markers. Those tracking methods shall be used to quantify the commitment appropriations expected to contribute respectively to climate and to biodiversity objectives over the Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027 at the appropriate level of disaggregation. The spending shall be presented annually in the budget Programme Statement. The contribution of the Programme to Union climate and biodiversity objectives shall be reported regularly in the context of evaluations and the annual report.

4. The Commission shall regularly monitor and report on mainstreaming of climate and biodiversity objectives, including the amount of expenditure. The contribution of this Regulation to the budget-wide target of expenditure contributing to climate objectives, with 25% over the MFF 2021-2027 period, and as annual target of 30% as soon as possible and at the latest by 2027, shall be tracked through the Union climate marker system. Biodiversity-related spending shall be tracked using a specific set of markers. Those tracking methods shall be used to quantify the commitment appropriations expected to contribute respectively to climate and to biodiversity objectives over the Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027 at the appropriate level of disaggregation. The spending shall be presented annually in the budget Programme Statement. The contribution of the Programme to Union climate and biodiversity objectives shall be reported regularly in the context of evaluations and the annual report.

 

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Establishing a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE)

References

COM(2018)0385 – C8-0249/2018 – 2018/0209(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

14.6.2018

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

BUDG

14.6.2018

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Anneli Jäätteenmäki

11.7.2018

Discussed in committee

26.9.2018

 

 

 

Date adopted

5.11.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

26

2

1

Members present for the final vote

Jean Arthuis, Reimer Böge, Lefteris Christoforou, Gérard Deprez, André Elissen, José Manuel Fernandes, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Ingeborg Gräßle, John Howarth, Bernd Kölmel, Zbigniew Kuźmiuk, Vladimír Maňka, Jan Olbrycht, Paul Rübig, Eleftherios Synadinos, Indrek Tarand, Isabelle Thomas, Inese Vaidere, Daniele Viotti, Tiemo Wölken, Marco Zanni

Substitutes present for the final vote

Karine Gloanec Maurin, Alain Lamassoure, Janusz Lewandowski, Ivana Maletić, Andrey Novakov, Marco Valli

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Michael Detjen, Stefan Gehrold

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

26

+

ALDE

Jean Arthuis, Gérard Deprez

ECR

Zbigniew Kuźmiuk

EFDD

Marco Valli

NI

Eleftherios Synadinos

PPE

Reimer Böge, Lefteris Christoforou, José Manuel Fernandes, Stefan Gehrold, Ingeborg Gräßle, Alain Lamassoure, Janusz Lewandowski, Ivana Maletić, Andrey Novakov, Jan Olbrycht, Paul Rübig, Inese Vaidere

S&D

Michael Detjen, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Karine Gloanec Maurin, John Howarth, Vladimír Maňka, Isabelle Thomas, Daniele Viotti, Tiemo Wölken

VERTS/ALE

Indrek Tarand

2

-

ECR

Bernd Kölmel

ENF

André Elissen

1

0

ENF

Marco Zanni

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

(1)

[1] European Parliament resolution of 14 March 2018 on the next MFF: Preparing the Parliament’s position on the MFF post-20206 (2017/2052(INI))

(2)

[2] European Parliament resolution of 30 May 2018 on the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework and own resources (2018/2714(RSP))


OPINION of the Committee on Regional Development (18.10.2018)

for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) and repealing Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013

(COM(2018)0385 – C8‑0249/2018 – 2018/0209(COD))

Rapporteur for opinion: Maria Gabriela Zoană

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The LIFE Programme is an instrument for funding of the Union’s policy to protect the environment and biodiversity and to adapt to climate change. It contributes towards the Union’s goal of spending 25% of overall expenditure on climate objectives. The European Parliament decided in its resolution of 14 March 2018 on the next MFF: Preparing the Parliament’s position on the MFF post-2020 that this goal should be increased to 30%.

The programme funds projects under the sub-programmes ‘Nature and Biodiversity’, ‘Circular Economy and Quality of Life’, ‘Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation’ and ‘Clean Energy Transition’. The objective of the programme is to contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy. This is done by promoting innovative techniques in the field of environment policy, and generally finding ways of improving implementation of Union policy in this area.

The Commission’s proposal for the LIFE Programme for 2021-2027 takes into account a number of the concerns of the Committee on Regional Development. In particular, the proposal:

–  provides for synergies between the LIFE Programme and the cohesion policy funds;

–  contains specific rules for funding in the Outermost Regions and the Overseas Countries and Territories, including the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Territories of European Overseas (BEST) scheme;

–   allows for the extension of the programme to third countries under certain conditions;

–  gives a significant place to cooperation and the development of best practices.

Your rapporteur therefore proposes the approval of this programme, with a number of amendments to:

–  stress the link between cohesion policy and the LIFE Programme;

–  give a greater role to regional and local authorities;

–  support administrative capacity building projects;

–  underline the importance of environmental funding for the Outermost Regions and Overseas Countries and Territories;

–  give greater precision to the conditions for the participation of third countries, including former Member States of the Union, in the programme.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Regional Development calls on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)  Pursuing the achievement of the Union's objectives and targets set by environmental, climate and related clean energy legislation, policy, plans and international commitments, the Programme should contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, to the protection and improvement of the quality of the environment and to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, either through direct interventions or by supporting the integration of those objectives in other policies.

(3)  Pursuing the achievement of the Union's objectives and targets set by environmental, climate and related clean energy legislation, policy, plans and international commitments, the Programme should contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, to the preservation, protection and improvement of the quality of the environment and to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, either through direct interventions or by supporting the integration of those objectives in other policies.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4)   The Union is committed to developing a comprehensive response to the sustainable development goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development, which highlight the intrinsic connection between the management of natural resources to ensure their long-term availability, ecosystem services, their link to human health and sustainable and socially inclusive economic growth. In this spirit, the Programme should make a material contribution to both economic development and social cohesion.

(4)   The European Union as a whole is committed to developing a comprehensive response to the sustainable development goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development, which highlight the intrinsic connection between the management of natural resources to ensure their long-term availability, ecosystem services, their link to human health and sustainable and socially inclusive economic growth. This will also support the creation of green jobs. In this spirit, the Programme should make a material contribution to both sustainable economic development and social and territorial cohesion.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7)  Complying with the Union's commitments under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change requires the transformation of the Union into an energy efficient, low carbon and climate resilient society. This in turn requires actions, with a special focus on sectors that contribute most to the current levels of CO2 output and pollution, contributing to the implementation of the 2030 energy and climate policy framework and the Member States' Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans and preparations for the Union's mid-century and long-term climate and energy strategy. The Programme should also include measures contributing to the implementation of the Union's climate adaptation policy to decrease vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change.

(7)  Complying with the Union's commitments under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change requires the transformation of the Union into an energy efficient, low carbon and climate resilient society. This in turn requires actions, with a special focus on sectors that contribute most to the current levels of CO2 output and pollution, contributing to the implementation of the 2030 energy and climate policy framework and the Member States' Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans, including at regional and local level, and preparations for the Union's mid-century and long-term climate and energy strategy. The Programme should also include measures contributing to the implementation of the Union's climate adaptation policy to decrease vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7 a)  The European Parliament, in its resolution of 14 June 2017 on promoting cohesion in the outermost regions of the EU: Implementation of Article 349 TFEU (2016/2250(INI)), recalled the specific needs of the outermost regions with regard to the environment and climate action..

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)   The transition to clean energy is an essential contribution to the mitigation of climate change with co-benefits for the environment. Actions for capacity building supporting the clean energy transition, funded until 2020 under Horizon 2020, should be integrated in the Programme since their objective is not to fund excellence and generate innovation, but to facilitate the uptake of already available technology that will contribute to climate mitigation. The inclusion of these capacity building activities into the Programme offers potential for synergies between the sub-programmes and increases the overall coherence of Union funding. Therefore, data should be collected and disseminated on the uptake of existing research and innovation solutions in the LIFE projects, including from the Horizon Europe programme and its predecessors.

(8)  The transition to clean energy is an essential contribution to the mitigation of climate change with co-benefits for the environment. Actions for capacity building supporting the clean energy transition, funded until 2020 under Horizon 2020, should be integrated in the Programme since their objective is to facilitate the uptake of already available technology, which will contribute to addressing environmental challenges, mitigating climate change and attaining the Union’s environmental goals. The inclusion of these capacity building activities into the Programme offers potential for synergies between the sub-programmes and increases the overall coherence of Union funding. Therefore, data should be collected and disseminated on the uptake of existing research and innovation solutions in the LIFE projects, including from the Horizon Europe and other existing programmes and their predecessors.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  The impact assessments of the Clean Energy legislation estimate that the delivery of the Union's 2030 energy targets will require additional investments of EUR 177 billion annually in the period 2021-2030. The biggest gaps relate to the investments in buildings decarbonisation (energy efficiency and small-scale renewable energy sources), where capital needs to be channelled towards projects of highly distributed nature. One of the objectives of the Clean Energy Transition sub-programme is to build capacity for projects development and aggregation, thereby also helping to absorb funds from the European Structural and Investment Funds and catalyse investments in clean energy also using the financial instruments provided under InvestEU.

(9)  The impact assessments of the Clean Energy legislation estimate that the delivery of the Union's 2030 energy targets will require additional investments of EUR 177 billion annually in the period 2021-2030. The biggest gaps relate to the investments in buildings decarbonisation (energy efficiency and small-scale renewable energy sources), where capital needs to be channelled towards projects of highly distributed nature. One of the objectives of the Clean Energy Transition sub-programme is to build capacity for projects development and aggregation, focusing on the specific energy potential of the regions, thereby also helping to absorb funds from the European Structural and Investment Funds and catalyse investments in clean energy also using the financial instruments provided under InvestEU.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10)  Synergies with Horizon Europe should ensure that research and innovation needs to tackle environmental, climate and energy challenges within the EU are identified and established during Horizon Europe's strategic research and innovation planning process. LIFE should continue to act as a catalyst for implementing EU environment, climate and clean energy policy and legislation, including by taking up and applying research and innovation results from Horizon Europe and help deploying them on a larger scale where it can help address environmental, climate or clean energy transition issues. Horizon Europe's European Innovation Council can provide support to scale up and commercialise new breakthrough ideas that may result from the implementation of LIFE projects.

(10)  Synergies with Horizon Europe should ensure that research and innovation needs to tackle environmental, climate and energy challenges within the EU are identified and established during Horizon Europe's strategic research and innovation planning process. LIFE should continue to act as a catalyst for implementing EU environment, climate and clean energy policy and legislation, including by taking up and applying research and innovation results from Horizon Europe and help deploying them on a larger scale where it can help address environmental, climate or clean energy transition issues. The administratively more complex application and evaluation procedure in the new LIFE programme should, in addition, be simplified by following the model of the Horizon 2020 rules and procedures. The new LIFE programme should incorporate successful components of Horizon 2020 in its future implementation plans. Horizon Europe's European Innovation Council can provide support to scale up and commercialise new breakthrough ideas that may result from the implementation of LIFE projects.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12)  The Union's most recent Environmental Implementation Review package21 indicates that significant progress is required to accelerate implementation of the Union environment acquis and enhance the integration of environmental and climate objectives into other policies. The Programme should therefore act as a catalyst to achieve the required progress through developing, testing and replicating new approaches; supporting policy development, monitoring and review; enhancing stakeholder involvement; mobilising investments across Union investment programmes or other financial sources and supporting actions to overcome the various obstacles to the effective implementation of key plans required by environment legislation.

(12)  The Union's most recent Environmental Implementation Review package21 indicates that significant progress is required to accelerate implementation of the Union environment acquis and enhance the integration of environmental and climate objectives into other policies. The Programme should therefore act as a catalyst to achieve the required progress through developing, testing, replicating and increasing the visibility of new approaches and best practices; supporting policy development, coherence, consistency, monitoring and review; promoting more effective coordination between national, regional and local authorities; enhancing all stakeholders' involvement, particularly with regard to national, regional and local authorities, NGOs, research centres and businesses; mobilising investments across Union investment programmes or other financial sources and supporting actions to overcome the various obstacles to the effective implementation of key plans required by environment legislation.

_________________

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21 Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - The EU Environmental Implementation Review: Common challenges and how to combine efforts to deliver better results (COM/2017/063 final).

21 Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - The EU Environmental Implementation Review: Common challenges and how to combine efforts to deliver better results (COM/2017/063 final).

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13)  Halting and reversing biodiversity loss, including in marine ecosystems, requires support for the development, implementation, enforcement and assessment of relevant Union legislation and policy, including the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 202022 , Council Directive 92/43/EEC23 and Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council24 and Regulation (EU) 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council25 , in particular by developing the knowledge base for policy development and implementation and by developing, testing, demonstrating and applying best practices and solutions on small scale or tailored to specific local, regional or national contexts, including integrated approaches for the implementation of the prioritised action frameworks prepared on the basis of Directive 92/43/EEC. The Union should track its biodiversity-related expenditure to fulfil its reporting obligations under the Convention on Biological Diversity. Requirements for tracking in other relevant Union legislation should also be met.

(13)  Halting and reversing biodiversity loss, including in marine ecosystems, requires support for the development, implementation, enforcement and assessment of relevant Union legislation and policy, including the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 202022 , Council Directive 92/43/EEC23 and Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council24 and Regulation (EU) 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council25 , in particular by developing the knowledge base for policy development and implementation and by developing, testing, demonstrating and applying best practices and solutions on small scale or tailored to specific local, regional or national contexts, including integrated approaches for the implementation of the prioritised action frameworks prepared on the basis of Directive 92/43/EEC. Biodiversity protection cannot be addressed in isolation: a coordinated approach at the EU and international level is needed. The Union should put greater emphasis on and resources towards improving the gathering and collating of biological data and converting those data into outputs that will provide an improved geographical focus of conservation action. The Union should track its biodiversity-related expenditure to fulfil its reporting obligations under the Convention on Biological Diversity. Requirements for tracking in other relevant Union legislation should also be met.

_________________

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22 COM(2011) 244 final.

22 COM(2011) 244 final.

23 Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7).

23 Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7).

24 Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on the conservation of wild birds (OJ L 20, 26.1.2010, p. 7).

24 Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on the conservation of wild birds (OJ L 20, 26.1.2010, p. 7).

25 Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species (OJ L 317, 4.11.2014, p. 35).

25 Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species (OJ L 317, 4.11.2014, p. 35).

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14)  Recent evaluations and assessments, including the mid-term review of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 and the Fitness Check of Nature legislation, indicate that one of the main underlying causes for insufficient implementation of Union nature legislation and of the biodiversity strategy is the lack of adequate financing. The main Union funding instruments, including the [European Regional Development Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund], can make a significant contribution towards meeting those needs. The Programme can further improve the efficiency of such mainstreaming through strategic nature projects dedicated to catalysing the implementation of Union nature and biodiversity legislation and policy, including the actions set out in the Priority Action Frameworks developed in accordance with Directive 92/43/EEC. The strategic nature projects should support programmes of actions in Member States for the mainstreaming of relevant nature and biodiversity objectives into other policies and financing programmes, thus ensuring that appropriate funds are mobilised for implementing these policies. Member States could decide within their Strategic Plan for the Common Agricultural Policy to use a certain share of the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development allocation to leverage support for actions that complement the Strategic Nature Projects as defined under this Regulation.

(14)  Recent evaluations and assessments, including the mid-term review of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 and the Fitness Check of Nature legislation, indicate that one of the main underlying causes for insufficient implementation of Union nature legislation and of the biodiversity strategy is the lack of adequate financing and better coordination between governmental and scientific institutions. The main Union funding instruments, including in particular the ESI Funds, namely the European Regional Development Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, can make a significant contribution towards meeting those needs. The Programme must further improve the efficiency of such mainstreaming through strategic nature projects dedicated to sustainability and conservation and catalysing the implementation of Union nature and biodiversity legislation and policy, including the actions set out in the Priority Action Frameworks developed in accordance with Directive 92/43/EEC. In many Member States, a large proportion of ecosystems has been degraded; restoration of ecosystems contributes to halting biodiversity loss, and safeguarding the ecosystem services that they provide. Specific attention should be given to providing space for natural processes to restore and sustain ecosystems and stimulate partnerships with other economic sectors, such as forestry and water management in developing nature-based economies. The strategic nature projects should support programmes of actions in Member States for the mainstreaming of relevant nature and biodiversity objectives into other policies and financing programmes, thus ensuring that appropriate funds are mobilised, with synergy between the various Union funding instruments for implementing these policies, striking a balance between nature protection and local and regional development needs. Member States and their regions could decide within their Strategic Plan for the Common Agricultural Policy to use a certain share of the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development allocation to leverage support for actions that complement the Strategic Nature Projects as defined under this Regulation.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15)   The voluntary scheme for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Territories of European Overseas (BEST) promotes the conservation of biodiversity, including marine biodiversity, and sustainable use of ecosystem services, including ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and mitigation, in the Union's Outermost Regions and Overseas Countries and Territories. BEST has helped to raise awareness for the ecological importance of the Outermost Regions and Overseas Countries and Territories for conserving global biodiversity. In their Ministerial Declarations in 2017 and 2018, Overseas Countries and Territories have expressed their appreciation for this small grant scheme for biodiversity. It is appropriate to allow the Programme to continue financing small grants for biodiversity in both the Outermost Regions and the Overseas Countries and Territories.

(15)   The voluntary scheme for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Territories of European Overseas (BEST) promotes the conservation of biodiversity, including marine biodiversity, and sustainable use of ecosystem services, including ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and mitigation, in the Union's Outermost Regions and Overseas Countries and Territories. BEST has helped to raise awareness for the ecological importance of the Outermost Regions and Overseas Countries and Territories for conserving global biodiversity. In their Ministerial Declarations in 2017 and 2018, Overseas Countries and Territories have expressed their appreciation for this small grant scheme for biodiversity. It is therefore necessary to make it sustainable by integrating it into the LIFE programme and ensuring ambitious financial resources for its budget. The Programme must continue financing small grants for biodiversity in both the Outermost Regions and the Overseas Countries and Territories, thus giving effect to the Union’s responsibility towards those areas, guaranteeing the pursuit of the Union’s environmental objectives, and contributing to social and territorial cohesion. This scheme does not replace other funding for outermost regions under the LIFE Programme.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16)   Promoting the circular economy requires a mentality shift in the way of designing, producing, consuming and disposing of materials and products, including plastics. The Programme should contribute to the transition to a circular economy model through financial support targeting a variety of actors (businesses, public authorities and consumers), in particular by applying, developing, and replicating best technology, practices and solutions tailored to specific local, regional or national contexts, including through integrated approaches for the implementation of waste management and prevention plans. Through supporting the implementation of the plastics strategy, action can be taken to address the problem of marine litter in particular.

(16)   Promoting the circular economy requires a mentality shift in the way of designing, producing, consuming and disposing of materials and products, including plastics. The Programme should contribute to the transition to a circular economy model through financial support targeting a variety of actors (businesses, national, regional and local public authorities and consumers), in particular by applying, developing, and replicating best technology, practices and solutions tailored to specific local, regional or national contexts, including through integrated territorial approaches for the implementation of waste management and prevention plans. Through supporting the implementation of the plastics strategy, action can be taken to address the problem of marine litter in particular, thus contributing to the preservation of marine biodiversity.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20)   The improvement of governance on environmental, climate change and related clean energy transition matters requires involvement of civil society by raising public awareness, consumer engagement, and broadening of stakeholder involvement, including non-governmental organisations, in consultation on and implementation of related policies.

(20)   The improvement of governance at all levels on environmental, climate change and related clean energy transition matters requires involvement of civil society by increasing communication and raising public awareness, involving national, regional and local authorities, consumer engagement, and broadening of stakeholder involvement, including non-governmental organisations, research and innovation partners and businesses in consultation on and implementation of related policies.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22)   The Programme should prepare and support market players for the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy by testing new business opportunities, upgrading professional skills, facilitating consumers' access to sustainable products and services, engaging and empowering influencers and testing novel methods to adapt the existing processes and business landscape. To support a broader market uptake of sustainable solutions, general public acceptance and consumer engagement should be promoted.

(22)   The Programme should prepare and support market players for the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy by testing new business opportunities, upgrading professional skills, facilitating consumers' access to sustainable products and services, engaging and empowering influencers and testing novel methods to adapt the existing processes and business landscape, as well as involving local and regional stakeholders in the implementation of objectives in the context of the circular economy. To support a broader market uptake of sustainable solutions, general public acceptance and consumer engagement should be promoted, including through media campaigns.

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 23

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(23)   At Union level, large investments in environmental and climate actions are primarily funded by major Union funding programmes (mainstreaming). In the context of their catalytic role, strategic integrated projects and strategic nature projects to be developed under the Programme should leverage financing opportunities under those funding programmes and other sources of funding such as national funds, and create synergies.

(23)   At Union level, large investments in environmental and climate actions are primarily funded by major Union funding programmes (mainstreaming), including the cohesion funds. In the context of their catalytic role, strategic integrated projects and strategic nature projects to be developed under the Programme should leverage financing opportunities under those funding programmes and other sources of funding such as national funds, and create synergies.

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 24

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(24)   Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and to the achievement of an overall target of 25 % of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives. Actions under this Programme are expected to contribute 61% of the overall financial envelope of the Programme to climate objectives. Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes.

(24)   Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and to the achievement of an overall target of 30 % of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives. Actions under this Programme are expected to contribute 61% of the overall financial envelope of the Programme to climate objectives. Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes.

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25)   In the implementation of the Programme due consideration should be given to the strategy for outermost regions in view of Article 349 TFEU and the specific needs and vulnerabilities of these regions. Union policies other than environmental, climate and relevant clean energy transition policies should also be taken into account.

(25)   In accordance with Articles 174 and 349 TFEU, the implementation of the Programme must respect the strategy for outermost regions, which are fully part of the Union, and, in general, cater to the specific needs, characteristics, constraints and vulnerabilities of regions which suffer from severe and permanent natural or demographic handicaps. That implementation could also contribute to reducing inequalities between the developmental levels of the different regions and reducing the development deficit of the most disadvantaged regions, including the specific challenges of implementing environmentally friendly policies to contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy and preserving biodiversity there. Union policies other than environmental, climate and relevant clean energy transition policies should also be taken into account.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 26

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(26)   In support of the implementation of the Programme, the Commission should collaborate with the Programme’s national contact points, organise seminars and workshops, publish lists of projects funded under the Programme or undertake other activities to disseminate project results and to facilitate exchanges of experience, knowledge and best practices and the replication of project results across the Union. Such activities should in particular target Member States with a low uptake of funds and should facilitate the communication and cooperation between project beneficiaries, applicants or stakeholders of completed and ongoing projects in the same field.

(26)   In support of the implementation of the Programme, the Commission should collaborate with the Programme’s national, regional and local contact points, organise seminars and workshops, publish lists of projects funded under the Programme or undertake other activities, such as media campaigns, in order to better disseminate project results and to facilitate exchanges of experience, knowledge and best practices and the replication of project results across the Union, thus promoting cooperation and communication. Such activities should in particular target Member States with a low uptake of funds and should facilitate the communication and cooperation between project beneficiaries, applicants or stakeholders of completed and ongoing projects in the same field. It is essential that this communication and cooperation should also involve regional and local authorities and stakeholders.

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 31

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(31)   The types of financing and the methods of implementation should be chosen on the basis of their ability to achieve the specific objectives of the actions and to deliver results, taking into account, in particular, the costs of controls, the administrative burden, and the expected risk of non-compliance. As regards grants, this should include consideration of the use of lump sums, flat rates and scales of unit costs.

(31)   The types of financing and the methods of implementation should be chosen on the basis of their ability to achieve the specific objectives of the actions and to deliver the best results, taking into account, in particular, the costs of controls, the administrative burden, the expected risk of non-compliance and the lower co-financing rate compared with other direct management instruments. As regards grants, this should include consideration of the use of lump sums, flat rates and scales of unit costs.

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 33

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(33)   Pursuant to Article 94 of Council Decision 2013/755/EU, entities established in overseas countries and territories are eligible for funding subject to the rules and objectives of the Programme and possible arrangements applicable to the Member State to which the relevant overseas country or territory is linked. The participation of these entities to this Programme should focus primarily on projects under sub-programme Nature and Biodiversity.

(33)   Pursuant to Article 94 of Council Decision 2013/755/EU, entities established in overseas countries and territories, towards which the Union has a responsibility, are eligible for funding subject to the rules and objectives of the Programme and possible arrangements applicable to the Member State to which the relevant overseas country or territory is linked. The participation of these entities to this Programme should focus primarily on projects under sub-programme Nature and Biodiversity.

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 35

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(35)   Third countries which are members of the European Economic Area (EEA) may participate in Union programmes in the framework of the cooperation established under the EEA agreement, which provides for the implementation of the programmes by a decision under that agreement. Third countries may also participate on the basis of other legal instruments. A specific provision should be introduced in this Regulation to grant the necessary rights for and access to the authorizing officer responsible, the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) as well as the European Court of Auditors to comprehensively exert their respective competences.

(35)   Third countries which are members of the European Economic Area (EEA) may participate in Union programmes in the framework of the cooperation established under the EEA agreement, which provides for the implementation of the programmes by a decision under that agreement. Third countries, including former Member States of the Union, may also participate on the basis of other legal instruments. A specific provision should be introduced in this Regulation to grant the necessary rights for and access to the authorizing officer responsible, the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) as well as the European Court of Auditors to comprehensively exert their respective competences. Provision should also be made for recourse to the Court of Justice of the European Union where appropriate.

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

This Regulation establishes the Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) (the ‘Programme’).

This Regulation establishes the Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) (the ‘Programme’) covering the period from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2027.

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

It lays down the objectives of the Programme, the budget for the period 2021-2027, the forms of Union funding and the rules for providing such funding.

It provides for the objectives of the Programme, the budget for the period 2021-2027, the forms of Union funding and the rules for providing such funding from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2027.

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1)  'strategic nature projects' means projects that support the achievement of Union nature and biodiversity objectives by implementing coherent programmes of action in the Member States to mainstream these objectives and priorities into other policies and financing instruments, including through coordinated implementation of the priority action frameworks established pursuant to Directive 92/43/EEC;

(1)  'strategic nature projects' means projects that support the achievement of Union nature and biodiversity objectives by implementing coherent programmes of action in the Member States, at national, regional and local level, to mainstream these objectives and priorities into other policies and financing instruments, including through coordinated implementation of the priority action frameworks established pursuant to Directive 92/43/EEC;

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2)  'strategic integrated projects' means projects that implement on a regional, multi-regional, national or transnational scale, environmental or climate strategies or action plans developed by Member States' authorities and required by specific environmental, climate or relevant clean energy Union legislation or policy, while ensuring involvement of stakeholders and promoting the coordination with and mobilisation of at least one other Union, national or private funding source;

(2)  'strategic integrated projects' means projects that implement on a regional, multi-regional, national or transnational scale, environmental or climate strategies or action plans developed by Member States' authorities, at national, regional and local level, and required by specific environmental, climate or relevant clean energy Union legislation or policy, while ensuring involvement of stakeholders and promoting the coordination with and mobilisation of at least one other Union, national or private funding source;

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4)  'standard action projects' means projects, other than strategic integrated projects, strategic nature projects or technical assistance projects, that pursue the specific objectives of the Programme set out in Article 3(2);

(4)  'standard action projects' means projects, other than strategic integrated projects, strategic nature projects or technical assistance projects, such as bottom-up projects (Community-Led Local Development), that pursue the specific objectives of the Programme set out in Article 3(2);

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4a)   ‘administrative capacity building projects’ means projects by which Member States’ authorities increase their ability to perform functions, solve problems and achieve objectives, as well as to understand and deal with their development in a broader context and in a sustainable manner.

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The general objective of the Programme is to contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, including through the transition to clean energy, to the protection and improvement of the quality of the environment and to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, thereby contributing to sustainable development.

The general objective of the Programme is to contribute to the shift towards a sustainable, clean, circular, energy and resource-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, including through the transition to clean and renewable energy, to the protection, preservation and improvement of the quality of the environment and to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, thereby contributing to sustainable development and tackling climate change. The Programme shall also support better environmental and climate governance at all levels, including the stronger involvement of local and regional authorities and civil society organisations.

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  to develop, demonstrate and promote innovative techniques and approaches for reaching the objectives of the Union legislation and policy on environment and climate action, including the transition to clean energy, and to contribute to the application of best practice in relation to nature and biodiversity;

(a)  to develop, demonstrate and promote innovative techniques and approaches for reaching the objectives of the Union legislation and policy on environment and climate action, including the transition to clean and renewable energy, and to contribute to the application of best practice in relation to nature and biodiversity;

Amendment    30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)   to support the development, implementation, monitoring and enforcement of the relevant Union legislation and policy, including by improving governance through enhancing capacities of public and private actors and the involvement of civil society;

(b)   to support the development, implementation, monitoring and enforcement of the relevant Union legislation and policy, whilst improving cooperation and communication, including by improving multi-level governance through enhancing capacities of public and private actors and the involvement of civil society, including at regional and local level;

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)   to catalyse the large-scale deployment of successful technical and policy-related solutions for implementing the relevant Union legislation and policy by replicating results, integrating related objectives into other policies and into public and private sector practices, mobilising investment and improving access to finance.

(c)   to catalyse the large-scale deployment of successful technical and policy-related solutions for implementing the relevant Union legislation and policy by replicating results and best practices, integrating related objectives into other policies and into public and private sector practices, including at regional and local level, mobilising investment and improving access to finance.

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point 2 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  the sub-programme Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation;

(a)  the sub-programme Climate Change Governance, Mitigation and Adaptation;

Amendment    33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021-2027 shall be EUR 5 450 000 000 in current prices.

1.   The financial envelope for the implementation of the Programme for the period 2021-2027 shall be EUR 6 442 000 000 in 2018 prices.

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The indicative distribution of the amount referred to in paragraph 1 shall be:

2.   The indicative distribution of the amount referred to in paragraph 1 shall be:

(a) EUR 3 500 000 000 for the field Environment, of which

(a)   EUR 4 122 880 000 for the field Environment, of which

(1)   EUR 2 150 000 000 for the sub-programme Nature and Biodiversity and

(1)   EUR 2 514 956 800 for the sub-programme Nature and Biodiversity and

(2)  EUR 1 350 000 000 for the sub-programme Circular Economy and Quality of Life;

(2)   EUR 1 607 923 200 for the sub-programme Circular Economy and Quality of Life;

(b)  EUR 1 950 000 000 for the field Climate Action, of which

(b)   EUR 2 319 120 000 for the field Climate Action, of which

(1)  EUR 950 000 000 for the sub-programme Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation and

(1)   EUR 1 136 368 800 for the sub-programme Climate Change Governance, Mitigation and Adaptation and

(2)  EUR 1 000 000 000 for the sub-programme Clean Energy Transition.

(2)   EUR 1 182 751 200 for the sub-programme Clean Energy Transition.

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 5 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  information and communication, including awareness raising campaigns. Financial resources allocated to communication activities pursuant to this Regulation shall also cover corporate communication regarding the political priorities of the Union, as well as regarding the implementation and transposition status of Union environmental, climate or relevant clean energy legislation;

(a)  information and communication, including media campaigns such as awareness raising. Financial resources allocated to communication activities pursuant to this Regulation shall also cover corporate communication regarding the political priorities of the Union, as well as regarding the implementation and transposition status of Union environmental, climate or relevant clean energy legislation;

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 5 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  networking and best-practice platforms;

(e)  networking and best-practice platforms or projects;

Amendment    37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point d – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)   other third countries, in accordance with the conditions laid down in a specific agreement covering the participation of the third country to any Union programme, provided that the agreement

(d)   other third countries, including former Member States of the Union, in accordance with the conditions laid down in a specific agreement covering the participation of the third country to any Union programme, provided that the agreement

Amendment    38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point d –indent 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

–   guarantees the rights of the Union to ensure sound financial management and to protect its financial interests.

–   guarantees the rights of the Union to ensure sound financial management and to protect its financial interests, and provides for recourse to the Court of Justice of the European Union where appropriate.

Amendment    39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The Programme shall be implemented in a way which ensures its consistency with the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, Horizon Europe, the Connecting Europe Facility and InvestEU, in order to create synergies, particularly as regards strategic nature projects and strategic integrated projects, and to support the uptake and replication of solutions developed under the Programme.

The Programme shall be implemented in a way which ensures transparency, and its consistency with the cohesion policy of the Union, and in particular with the European Regional Development Fund, the European Social Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, as well as with Horizon Europe, the Connecting Europe Facility and InvestEU, in order to create synergies, particularly as regards strategic nature projects and strategic integrated projects, and to support the uptake and replication of solutions developed under the Programme. The regional and local authorities affected shall be involved at all relevant stages of programming and implementation.

Amendment    40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2 a.  The Commission should aim for a balanced annual distribution of the funding of traditional projects between the Member States.

Amendment    41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Grants under the Programme shall be awarded and managed in accordance with Title VIII of the Financial Regulation.

Grants under the Programme shall be awarded and managed in accordance with Title VIII of the Financial Regulation, with a maximum co-financing rate of 85%.

Amendment    42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 2 – point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(da)   administrative capacity building projects;

Amendment    43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11– paragraph 2 – point a – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1)  a Member State or an overseas country or territory linked to it;

(1)  a Member State or an overseas country or territory, including outermost regions, linked to it;

Amendment    44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11– paragraph 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  Legal entities participating in consortia of at least three independent entities, established in different Member States or overseas countries or territories linked to those states or third countries associated to the Programme or other third countries, are eligible.

5.  Legal entities participating in consortia of at least three independent entities, established in different Member States or overseas countries or territories, including outermost regions, linked to those states or third countries associated to the Programme or other third countries, are eligible.

Amendment    45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea)   projects shall respect the general principle of geographical balance;

Amendment    46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point f

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f)  where appropriate, special regard shall be given to projects in geographical areas with specific needs or vulnerabilities, such as areas with specific environmental challenges or natural constraints, trans-border areas or outermost regions.

(f)  where appropriate, special regard shall be given to projects in geographical areas with specific needs or vulnerabilities, such as areas with specific environmental challenges or natural constraints, trans-border areas, northern sparsely populated areas or outermost regions.

Amendment    47

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point f a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(fa)  particular attention is paid to granting funds for the implementation of projects carried out in the outermost regions.

Amendment    48

Proposal for a regulation

Article 15 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Actions awarded a Seal of Excellence certification, or which comply with the following cumulative, comparative conditions:

deleted

(a) they have been assessed in a call for proposals under the Programme;

 

(b) they comply with the minimum quality requirements of that call for proposals;

 

(c) they may not be financed under that call for proposals due to budgetary constraints.

 

may receive support from the European Regional Development Fund, the Cohesion Fund, the European Social Fund+ or the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article [67] of Regulation (EU) XX [Common Provisions Regulation] and Article [8] or Regulation (EU) XX [Financing, management and monitoring of the Common Agricultural Policy], provided that such actions are consistent with the objectives of the programme concerned. The rules of the Fund providing support shall apply.

 

Amendment    49

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1 a.  All stakeholders, including regional and local authorities as well as civil society organisations, shall be properly involved at all stages of programming and implementation of the work programmes.

Amendment    50

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 2 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)   the allocation of funds within each sub-programme between needs thereunder and between different types of funding;

(a)   the allocation of funds within each sub-programme between needs thereunder and between different types of funding, as well as the minimum and maximum co-financing rates in each case;

Amendment    51

Proposal for a regulation

Article 20 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.   The recipients of Union funding shall designate a communication officer ('project communication officer') for each specific project.

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Establishing a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE)

References

COM(2018)0385 – C8-0249/2018 – 2018/0209(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

14.6.2018

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

REGI

14.6.2018

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Maria Gabriela Zoană

20.6.2018

Discussed in committee

13.9.2018

 

 

 

Date adopted

15.10.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

23

1

0

Members present for the final vote

Franc Bogovič, Victor Boştinaru, Mercedes Bresso, Andrea Cozzolino, Rosa D’Amato, John Flack, Aleksander Gabelic, Ivan Jakovčić, Constanze Krehl, Louis-Joseph Manscour, Iskra Mihaylova, Konstantinos Papadakis, Stanislav Polčák, Liliana Rodrigues, Ramón Luis Valcárcel Siso, Matthijs van Miltenburg, Lambert van Nistelrooij, Joachim Zeller

Substitutes present for the final vote

Raffaele Fitto, John Howarth, Bronis Ropė, Davor Škrlec

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Asim Ademov, Arne Lietz

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

23

+

ALDE

Ivan Jakovčić, Iskra Mihaylova, Matthijs van Miltenburg

ECR

Raffaele Fitto, John Flack

EFDD

Rosa D'Amato

PPE

Asim Ademov, Franc Bogovič, Lambert van Nistelrooij, Stanislav Polčák, Ramón Luis Valcárcel Siso, Joachim Zeller

S&D

Victor Boştinaru, Mercedes Bresso, Andrea Cozzolino, Aleksander Gabelic, John Howarth, Constanze Krehl, Arne Lietz, Louis-Joseph Manscour, Liliana Rodrigues

VERTS/ALE

Bronis Ropė, Davor Škrlec

1

-

NI

Konstantinos Papadakis

0

0

 

 

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention


OPINION of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (16.10.2018)

for the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) and repealing Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013

(COM(2018)0385 – C8‑0249/2018 – 2018/0209(COD))

Rapporteur for opinion: Czesław Adam Siekierski

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE), established by Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 for the period 2014 to 2020, is the latest in a series of Union programmes over 25 years which support the implementation of environmental and climate legislation and policy priorities. Through its catalytic role, the programme supports small scale actions intended to initiate, expand or promote sustainable production, distribution and consumption practices.

The proposed Regulation seeks to establish a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE) for the period starting in 2021 and should be supported, taking into account the relevance of the programme for addressing the needs and problems in the area of climate and environment. Tackling climate change is one of the most important global challenges requiring a coordinated and ambitious response.

The proposed amendments concern, in particular, the aspects described below.

- Clarification of the general and specific objectives of the Programme

The Programme should contribute to the shift towards a sustainable, circular, resource- and energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, including through the transition to a highly energy-efficient and renewables-based energy system. Support of Natura 2000 and tackling the degradation of ecosystems should be mentioned, as well as the need for a high level of environmental protection and ambitious climate action. The Programme should support better environmental and climate governance at all levels, including better involvement of civil society NGOs and local actors. References to sustainable farming and food systems, as well as to agriculture, horticulture, forestry and fisheries should be included in the specific objectives of the Programme. Moreover, the Programme shall not undermine the objectives of other Union legislation and policy.

- Programme structure

The field “Environment” should also include sustainable farming practices, such as soil-and agro-biodiversity, carbon capture, soil monitoring, soil and water protection.

- Award criteria

Projects financed by the Programme shall make a significant contribution to the achievement of at least one of the objectives set out in Article 3 of the proposed Regulation; they shall avoid undermining other Union legislation and policy priorities, notably resource efficiency and food production. Moreover, projects with the highest potential of involvement of and smart cooperation with civil society, landowners, agriculture, horticulture and forestry, shall be given priority. The Commission shall ensure geographical balance for the projects financed by the Programme.

- Eligible costs related to purchase of land

In the past, agricultural plots have been purchased or expropriated using LIFE funds, which created public controversy. Land purchase should be the only way of achieving the desired outcome, if applied. Preference should be given to cooperation with farmers to attain conservation goals.

- Programming, monitoring, reporting and evaluation

The Commission shall, by means of implementing acts, adopt multiannual work programmes for the LIFE Programme. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in a new proposed Article, in line with the current LIFE programme. The LIFE Committee should be retained. The Commission shall ensure that co-legislators and stakeholders are adequately consulted when work programmes are developed.

The interim evaluation of the Programme shall, where necessary, be accompanied by a proposal for an amendment of the proposed Regulation. The Commission shall make the results of the evaluations publicly available. Moreover, evaluations shall include the assessment of synergies between the Programme and other complementary Union programmes and between sub-programmes.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development calls on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1)  Union environmental, climate and relevant clean energy policy and legislation have delivered substantial improvements to the state of the environment. However, major environmental and climate challenges remain, which if left unaddressed, will have significant negative consequences for the Union and the well-being of its citizens.

(1)  Union environmental, climate and relevant clean energy policy and legislation have delivered substantial improvements to the state of the environment. The integration of environmental measures into other policy areas, such as agriculture and energy, bring improvements to the state of the environment. However, major environmental and climate challenges remain, which if left unaddressed, will have significant negative consequences for the Union and the well-being of its citizens.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)  Pursuing the achievement of the Union's objectives and targets set by environmental, climate and related clean energy legislation, policy, plans and international commitments, the Programme should contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, to the protection and improvement of the quality of the environment and to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, either through direct interventions or by supporting the integration of those objectives in other policies.

(3)  Pursuing the achievement of the Union's objectives and targets set by environmental, climate and related clean energy legislation, policy, plans and international commitments must be respected. The Programme should contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, technologically advanced, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, to the protection and improvement of the quality of the environment and to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, either through direct interventions or by supporting the integration of those objectives in other policies.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  The Programme should contribute to sustainable development and to the achievement of the objectives and targets of the Union environment, climate and relevant clean energy legislation, strategies, plans and international commitments, in particular the United Nations 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development8 , the Convention on Biological Diversity9 and the Paris Agreement adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change10 ("Paris Agreement on Climate Change").

(5)  The Programme should contribute to sustainable development and to the achievement of the objectives and targets of the Union environment, climate and relevant clean energy legislation, strategies, plans and international commitments, in particular and importantly the United Nations 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development8 , the Convention on Biological Diversity9 and the Paris Agreement adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change10 ("Paris Agreement on Climate Change").

_________________

_________________

8 Agenda 2030, Resolution adopted by UN GA on 25/09/2015.

8 Agenda 2030, Resolution adopted by UN GA on 25/09/2015.

9 93/626/EEC: Council Decision of 25 October 1993 concerning the conclusion of the Convention on Biological Diversity, (OJ L 309, 13.12.1993, p. 1).

9 93/626/EEC: Council Decision of 25 October 1993 concerning the conclusion of the Convention on Biological Diversity, (OJ L 309, 13.12.1993, p. 1).

10 OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, p. 4.

10 OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, p. 4.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(6)  For achieving the overarching objectives, the implementation of the Circular economy package11 , the 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework12 ,13 ,14 , Union nature legislation15 , as well as of related policies16 ,17 ,18 ,19 ,20 , is of particular importance.

(6)  For achieving the overarching objectives, the implementation of the Circular economy package11, the 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework12 ,13 ,14, Union nature legislation15, as well as of related policies16 ,17 ,18 ,19 ,20, including the bio-economy strategy20a, is of particular importance.

_________________

_________________

11 COM(2015) 614 final, 02.12.2015.

11 COM(2015) 614 final, 02.12.2015.

12 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework, COM(2014)15, 22.01.2014.

12 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework, COM(2014)15, 22.01.2014.

13 EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change, COM(2013)216, 16.04.2013.

13 EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change, COM(2013)216, 16.04.2013.

14 Clean Energy for all Europeans package, COM(2016) 860, 30.11.2016.

14 Clean Energy for all Europeans package, COM(2016) 860, 30.11.2016.

15 Action Plan for nature, people and the economy, COM(2017)198, 27.04.2017.

15 Action Plan for nature, people and the economy, COM(2017)198, 27.04.2017.

16 Clean Air Programme for Europe, COM(2013)918.

16 Clean Air Programme for Europe, COM(2013)918.

17 Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1).

17 Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1).

18 Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, COM(2006)231.

18 Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, COM(2006)231.

19 Low Emission Mobility Strategy, COM/2016/0501 final.

19 Low Emission Mobility Strategy, COM/2016/0501 final.

20 Action Plan on Alternative Fuels Infrastructure under Article 10(6) of Directive 2014/94/EU, 8.11.2017.

20 Action Plan on Alternative Fuels Infrastructure under Article 10(6) of Directive 2014/94/EU, 8.11.2017.

 

20a Innovating for Sustainable Growth: A Bioeconomy for Europe, COM(2012) 60 final, 13.02.2012.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7)  Complying with the Union's commitments under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change requires the transformation of the Union into an energy efficient, low carbon and climate resilient society. This in turn requires actions, with a special focus on sectors that contribute most to the current levels of CO2 output and pollution, contributing to the implementation of the 2030 energy and climate policy framework and the Member States' Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans and preparations for the Union's mid-century and long-term climate and energy strategy. The Programme should also include measures contributing to the implementation of the Union's climate adaptation policy to decrease vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change.

(7)  Complying with the Union's commitments under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, which must be respected, requires the transformation of the Union into an energy efficient, low carbon and climate resilient society. This in turn requires actions, with a special focus on sectors that contribute most to the current levels of CO2 output and pollution, contributing to the implementation of the 2030 energy and climate policy framework and the Member States' Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans and preparations for the Union's mid-century and long-term climate and energy strategy. The Programme should also include measures contributing to the implementation of the Union's climate adaptation policy to decrease vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change and anticipate and counter disasters caused by it.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  The transition to clean energy is an essential contribution to the mitigation of climate change with co-benefits for the environment. Actions for capacity building supporting the clean energy transition, funded until 2020 under Horizon 2020, should be integrated in the Programme since their objective is not to fund excellence and generate innovation, but to facilitate the uptake of already available technology that will contribute to climate mitigation. The inclusion of these capacity building activities into the Programme offers potential for synergies between the sub-programmes and increases the overall coherence of Union funding. Therefore, data should be collected and disseminated on the uptake of existing research and innovation solutions in the LIFE projects, including from the Horizon Europe programme and its predecessors.

(8)  The transition to clean energy is an essential contribution to the mitigation and alleviation of climate change with co-benefits for the environment. Actions for capacity building supporting the clean energy transition, funded until 2020 under Horizon 2020, should be integrated in the Programme since their objective is not to fund excellence and generate innovation, but to facilitate the uptake of already available technology that will contribute to climate mitigation and alleviation. The inclusion of these capacity building activities into the Programme offers potential for synergies between the sub-programmes by encouraging multiple funding and increases the overall coherence of Union funding. Therefore, data should be collected and disseminated on the uptake of existing research and innovation solutions in the LIFE projects, including from the Horizon Europe programme and its predecessors.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  The impact assessments of the Clean Energy legislation estimate that the delivery of the Union's 2030 energy targets will require additional investments of EUR 177 billion annually in the period 2021-2030. The biggest gaps relate to the investments in buildings decarbonisation (energy efficiency and small-scale renewable energy sources), where capital needs to be channelled towards projects of highly distributed nature. One of the objectives of the Clean Energy Transition sub-programme is to build capacity for projects development and aggregation, thereby also helping to absorb funds from the European Structural and Investment Funds and catalyse investments in clean energy also using the financial instruments provided under InvestEU.

(9)  The impact assessments of the Clean Energy legislation estimate that the delivery of the Commission proposed Union's 2030 energy targets will require additional investments of EUR 177 billion annually in the period 2021-2030. These targets were raised by the co-legislators when finalising the Renewable Energy Directive and the Energy Efficiency Directive, in order to bring the Union's targets closer to the Union's commitments under the Paris Agreement. The biggest gaps relate to the investments in buildings decarbonisation (energy efficiency and decentralised renewable energy sources, in particular intended for energy consumption through heating and air conditioning), where capital needs to be channelled towards projects of a highly distributed nature, for example by promoting pilot projects based on small urban conglomerates. One of the objectives of the Clean Energy Transition sub-programme is to build capacity for projects development and aggregation, thereby also helping to absorb funds from the European Structural and Investment Funds and catalyse investments in clean energy also using the financial instruments provided under InvestEU.

Justification

The decarbonisation of the construction sector is an essential step to achieving the EU's climate and energy objectives and, therefore, to be able to meet the objectives of the Paris agreement. However, it is important to pay more attention to energy consumption for heating and air conditioning, which represent a significant part of European energy consumption.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12)  The Union's most recent Environmental Implementation Review package21indicates that significant progress is required to accelerate implementation of the Union environment acquis and enhance the integration of environmental and climate objectives into other policies. The Programme should therefore act as a catalyst to achieve the required progress through developing, testing and replicating new approaches; supporting policy development, monitoring and review; enhancing stakeholder involvement; mobilising investments across Union investment programmes or other financial sources and supporting actions to overcome the various obstacles to the effective implementation of key plans required by environment legislation.

(12)  The Union's most recent Environmental Implementation Review package21 indicates that significant progress is required to accelerate implementation of the Union environment acquis and enhance the integration of environmental and climate objectives into other policies. The Programme should therefore act as an essential catalyst to achieve the required progress through developing, testing and replicating new approaches; supporting policy development, monitoring and review; promoting greater awareness and communication; developing good governance; enhancing stakeholder involvement; mobilising investments across Union investment programmes or other financial sources and supporting actions to overcome the various obstacles to the effective implementation of key plans required by environment legislation.

_________________

_________________

21 Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - The EU Environmental Implementation Review: Common challenges and how to combine efforts to deliver better results (COM/2017/063 final).

21 Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - The EU Environmental Implementation Review: Common challenges and how to combine efforts to deliver better results (COM/2017/063 final).

Justification

Improved governance, in particular through awareness-raising and stakeholder involvement, is key to achieving environmental objectives and was a priority specifically mentioned in the previous LIFE programme.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13)  Halting and reversing biodiversity loss, including in marine ecosystems, requires support for the development, implementation, enforcement and assessment of relevant Union legislation and policy, including the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 202022 , Council Directive 92/43/EEC23 and Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council24 and Regulation (EU) 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council25 , in particular by developing the knowledge base for policy development and implementation and by developing, testing, demonstrating and applying best practices and solutions on small scale or tailored to specific local, regional or national contexts, including integrated approaches for the implementation of the prioritised action frameworks prepared on the basis of Directive 92/43/EEC. The Union should track its biodiversity-related expenditure to fulfil its reporting obligations under the Convention on Biological Diversity. Requirements for tracking in other relevant Union legislation should also be met.

(13)  Halting and reversing biodiversity loss, including in aquatic ecosystems, requires support for the development, implementation, enforcement and assessment of relevant Union legislation and policy, including the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 202022 , Council Directive 92/43/EEC23 and Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council24 and Regulation (EU) 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council25 , in particular by developing the knowledge base for policy development and implementation and by developing, testing, demonstrating and applying best practices and solutions on small scale or tailored to specific local, regional or national contexts, including integrated approaches for the implementation of the prioritised action frameworks prepared on the basis of Directive 92/43/EEC. The Union should track its biodiversity-related expenditure to fulfil its reporting obligations under the Convention on Biological Diversity. Requirements for tracking in other relevant Union legislation should also be met.

_________________

_________________

22 COM(2011) 244 final.

22 COM(2011) 244 final.

23 Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7).

23 Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7).

24 Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on the conservation of wild birds (OJ L 20, 26.1.2010, p. 7).

24 Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on the conservation of wild birds (OJ L 20, 26.1.2010, p. 7).

25 Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species (OJ L 317, 4.11.2014, p. 35).

25 Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species (OJ L 317, 4.11.2014, p. 35).

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16)  Promoting the circular economy requires a mentality shift in the way of designing, producing, consuming and disposing of materials and products, including plastics. The Programme should contribute to the transition to a circular economy model through financial support targeting a variety of actors (businesses, public authorities and consumers), in particular by applying, developing, and replicating best technology, practices and solutions tailored to specific local, regional or national contexts, including through integrated approaches for the implementation of waste management and prevention plans. Through supporting the implementation of the plastics strategy, action can be taken to address the problem of marine litter in particular.

(16)  Promoting the circular economy requires a mentality shift in the way of designing, producing, consuming and disposing of materials and products, including plastics. The Programme should contribute to the transition to a circular economy model through financial support targeting a variety of actors (businesses, public authorities and consumers), in particular by applying, developing, and replicating best technology, practices and solutions tailored to specific local, regional or national contexts, including through integrated approaches for the implementation of waste management and prevention plans. Through supporting the implementation of the plastics strategy, action can be taken to address the problem of litter in the aquatic environment in particular.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)  The protection and restoration of the marine environment is one of the overall aims of the Union's environment policy. The Programme should support the following: the management, conservation, restoration and monitoring of biodiversity and marine ecosystems in particular in Natura 2000 marine sites and the protection of species in accordance with the prioritised action frameworks developed pursuant to Directive 92/43/EEC; the achievement of Good Environmental Status in line with the Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council28 ; the promotion of clean and healthy seas; the implementation of the European strategy for plastic in a circular economy, to address the problem of lost fishing gear and marine litter in particular; and the promotion of the Union's involvement in international ocean governance which is essential for achieving the goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to guarantee healthy oceans for future generations. The Programme's strategic integrated projects and strategic nature projects should include relevant actions aiming at the protection of the marine environment.

(19)  The protection and restoration of the aquatic environment is one of the overall aims of the Union's environment policy. The Programme should support the following: the management, conservation, restoration and monitoring of biodiversity and aquatic ecosystems in particular in Natura 2000 marine sites and the protection of species in accordance with the prioritised action frameworks developed pursuant to Directive 92/43/EEC; the achievement of Good Environmental Status in line with the Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council28 ; the promotion of clean and healthy seas; the implementation of the European strategy for plastic in a circular economy, to address the problem of lost fishing gear and marine litter in particular; and the promotion of the Union's involvement in international ocean governance which is essential for achieving the goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to guarantee healthy oceans for future generations. The Programme's strategic integrated projects and strategic nature projects should include relevant actions aiming at the protection of the aquatic environment.

_________________

_________________

28 Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) (OJ L 164, 25.6.2008, p. 19).

28 Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy (Marine Strategy Framework Directive) (OJ L 164, 25.6.2008, p. 19).

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20)  The improvement of governance on environmental, climate change and related clean energy transition matters requires involvement of civil society by raising public awareness, consumer engagement, and broadening of stakeholder involvement, including non-governmental organisations, in consultation on and implementation of related policies.

(20)  The improvement of governance on environmental, climate change and related clean energy transition matters requires involvement of civil society by raising public awareness, including through a communication strategy that takes into account the new media and social networks and increases consumer engagement and stakeholder involvement, including non-governmental organisations, in consultation on and implementation of related policies.

Justification

It is important to spell out the need for modern communication.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 22

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(22)  The Programme should prepare and support market players for the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy by testing new business opportunities, upgrading professional skills, facilitating consumers' access to sustainable products and services, engaging and empowering influencers and testing novel methods to adapt the existing processes and business landscape. To support a broader market uptake of sustainable solutions, general public acceptance and consumer engagement should be promoted.

(22)  The Programme should prepare and support market players for the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy through the sustainable use of existing natural resources and by testing new business opportunities, upgrading professional skills, facilitating consumers' access to sustainable products and services, engaging and empowering influencers and testing novel methods to adapt the existing processes and business landscape. To support a broader market uptake of sustainable solutions, in particular the development of innovative renewable energy technologies, general public acceptance and consumer engagement should be promoted.

Justification

Thanks to technological and market developments and (also) public support, the costs of installing renewable energy systems have fallen very sharply over the past decade. We must continue in this direction to enable Europe's energy potential to be fully developed, by assessing alternative energy sources that are still little used today (such as marine or geothermal energy) and by developing EU energy independence from third countries.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 24

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(24)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate actions and to the achievement of an overall target of 25 % of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives. Actions under this Programme are expected to contribute 61% of the overall financial envelope of the Programme to climate objectives. Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes.

(24)  Tackling climate change is one of the most important global challenges requiring a coordinated and ambitious response. The Union must address climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this Programme will contribute to mainstream climate and environmental actions and to the achievement of an overall target of 25 % of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate and environmental objectives. Actions under this Programme are expected to contribute 61% of the overall financial envelope of the Programme to climate objectives. Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review processes.

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25)  In the implementation of the Programme due consideration should be given to the strategy for outermost regions30in view of Article 349 TFEU and the specific needs and vulnerabilities of these regions. Union policies other than environmental, climate and relevant clean energy transition policies should also be taken into account.

(25)  In the implementation of the Programme due consideration should be given to the strategy for outermost regions30 in view of Article 349 TFEU and the specific needs and vulnerabilities of these regions. Union policies other than environmental, climate, circular economy and relevant clean energy transition policies should also be taken into account.

_________________

_________________

30 COM(2017) 623 final

30 COM(2017) 623 final

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 26 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(26a)  Evaluation of this Regulation will provide the information needed for the decision-making process to, if necessary, improve the Programme. Besides evaluating the Programme’s fulfilment of the objective in Article 3 of this Regulation, special attention should be given to the application process in order to ensure that these funds are accessible to all relevant projects. Especially ensuring that participation for local communities and civil society is practical and easy is of importance.

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1)  'strategic nature projects' means projects that support the achievement of Union nature and biodiversity objectives by implementing coherent programmes of action in the Member States to mainstream these objectives and priorities into other policies and financing instruments, including through coordinated implementation of the priority action frameworks established pursuant to Directive 92/43/EEC;

(1)  'strategic nature projects' means projects that support the achievement of Union nature and biodiversity objectives, laid down in particular in Directive 2009/147/EC and Council Directive 92/43/EEC, by implementing coherent programmes of action in the Member States to mainstream these objectives and priorities into other policies and financing instruments, including through coordinated implementation of the priority action frameworks established pursuant to Directive 92/43/EEC;

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4)  'standard action projects' means projects, other than strategic integrated projects, strategic nature projects or technical assistance projects, that pursue the specific objectives of the Programme set out in Article 3(2);

(4)  'standard action projects' means projects, other than strategic integrated projects, strategic nature projects or technical assistance projects, such as bottom-up projects (CLLD), that pursue the specific objectives of the Programme set out in Article 3(2);

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The general objective of the Programme is to contribute to the shift towards a clean, circular, energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, including through the transition to clean energy, to the protection and improvement of the quality of the environment and to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, thereby contributing to sustainable development.

1.  The general objective of the Programme is to contribute to the shift towards a sustainable, circular, resource- and energy-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, including through the transition to a highly energy-efficient and renewables-based energy system, to ensure the protection and improvement of the quality of the environment and to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, including the support of the Natura 2000 and tackling the degradation of ecosystems, thereby contributing to a high level of environmental protection and ambitious climate action. The Programme shall also support better environmental and climate governance at all levels, including better involvement of civil society NGOs and local actors.

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  to develop, demonstrate and promote innovative techniques and approaches for reaching the objectives of the Union legislation and policy on environment and climate action, including the transition to clean energy, and to contribute to the application of best practice in relation to nature and biodiversity;

(a)  to develop, demonstrate and promote innovative techniques and approaches for reaching the objectives of the Union legislation and policy on environment and climate action, including the transition to clean energy, and to contribute and support the application of best practice in relation to nature and biodiversity and sustainable farming and food systems;

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  to support the development, implementation, monitoring and enforcement of the relevant Union legislation and policy, including by improving governance through enhancing capacities of public and private actors and the involvement of civil society;

(b)  to support the development, implementation, monitoring and enforcement of the relevant Union legislation and policy, including by improving governance through enhancing capacities of public and private actors, including agriculture, horticulture, forestry and fisheries, and the involvement of civil society;

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  The Programme shall not undermine the objectives of other Union legislation and policy;

Justification

Unfortunately, LIFE projects in some Member States have caused public controversy and conflicts in the past years because of expropriation of family farms. Conflicts of application of LIFE with other Union legislation and policy such as the CAP and protection of young farmers and family farms must be avoided. Cooperation with e.g. farmers and landowners, but also SME and the private sector must be reinforced in the LIFE fund regulation.

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point 1 – point a a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa)  sustainable farming practises including soil- and agro-biodiversity, carbon capture, soil monitoring, soil and water protection;

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point –a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(-a)  projects financed by the Programme shall make a significant contribution to the achievement of at least one of the objectives set out in Article 3;

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  projects financed by the Programme shall avoid undermining environmental, climate or relevant clean energy objectives of the Programme and, where possible, shall promote the use of green public procurement;

(a)  projects financed by the Programme shall avoid undermining environmental, climate or relevant clean energy objectives of the Programme and, as often as possible, shall promote the use of green public procurement;

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point a a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa)  projects financed by the Programme shall avoid undermining other Union legislation and policy priorities, notably resource efficiency and food production;

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca)  projects with the highest potential of involvement of and smart cooperation with civil society, landowners, agriculture, horticulture and forestry, shall be given priority;

Justification

Involvement of and smart cooperation with civil society, landowners, agriculture, horticulture and forestry to develop, demonstrate and promote innovative techniques and approaches for reaching the objectives of the Union legislation and policy on environment and climate action, including the energy transition, and to contribute and support the application of best practices in relation to nature and biodiversity, is essential to successful LIFE projects, as past experience has shown so far.

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea)  the Commission shall ensure geographical balance for the project financed by the Programme;

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 1 – point f

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f)  where appropriate, special regard shall be given to projects in geographical areas with specific needs or vulnerabilities, such as areas with specific environmental challenges or natural constraints, trans-border areas or outermost regions.

(f)  where appropriate, special regard shall be given to projects, provided that the projects brings environmental benefits, in geographical areas with specific needs or vulnerabilities, such as areas with specific environmental challenges or natural constraints, trans-border areas or outermost regions.

Amendment    30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 14 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  land purchase is the only or most cost-effective way of achieving the desired conservation outcome;

(b)  land purchase is the only way of achieving the desired conservation outcome;

Justification

In the past agricultural plots have been purchased or expropriated using LIFE funds, which created public controversy. Land purchase should be the only way of achieving the desired outcome, if applied. Preference should be given to cooperation with farmers to attain conservation goals.

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  The Commission shall, by means of implementing acts, adopt multiannual work programmes for the LIFE Programme. Those implementing acts shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 21a.

Justification

This procedure of the LIFE Committee is in line with the current LIFE regulation. Member States should be involved in the preparation of work programmes.

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 17 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  The Commission shall ensure that co-legislators and stakeholders are adequately consulted when work programmes are developed.

Amendment    33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 19 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The interim evaluation of the Programme shall be performed once there is sufficient information available about the implementation of the Programme, but no later than four years after the start of the Programme implementation.

2.  The interim evaluation of the Programme shall be performed once there is sufficient information available about the implementation of the Programme, but no later than four years after the start of the Programme implementation and include the assessment made pursuant to Article 18(5). That interim evaluation shall, where necessary, be accompanied by a proposal for an amendment of this Regulation

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 19 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  At the end of the implementation of the Programme, but no later than four years after the end of the period specified in the second paragraph of Article 1, a final evaluation of the Programme shall be carried out by the Commission.

3.  At the end of the implementation of the Programme, but no later than four years after the end of the period specified in the second paragraph of Article 1, a final evaluation of the Programme shall be carried out by the Commission and include assessments made pursuant to Article 18(5).

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 19 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  The Commission shall communicate the conclusions of the evaluations accompanied by its observations, to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions.

4.  The Commission shall communicate the conclusions of the evaluations accompanied by its observations, to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. The Commission shall make the results of the evaluations publicly available.

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 21 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 21a

 

Committee procedure

 

1.  The Commission shall be assisted by the Committee for the LIFE Programme for the Environment and Climate Action. That committee shall be a committee within the meaning of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011.

 

2.  Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply.

 

Where the Committee delivers no opinion, the Commission shall not adopt the draft implementing act and the third subparagraph of Article 5(4) of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 shall apply.

Justification

The committee procedure is in line with the rules of the current LIFE programme. The good cooperation of the Commission with the Member States should be maintained. The LIFE Committee should be retained.

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Establishing a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE)

References

COM(2018)0385 – C8-0249/2018 – 2018/0209(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

14.6.2018

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

AGRI

14.6.2018

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Czesław Adam Siekierski

9.10.2018

Previous rapporteur

John Stuart Agnew

Date adopted

9.10.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

17

13

4

Members present for the final vote

John Stuart Agnew, José Bové, Daniel Buda, Matt Carthy, Michel Dantin, Paolo De Castro, Albert Deß, Jørn Dohrmann, Herbert Dorfmann, Norbert Erdős, Luke Ming Flanagan, Karine Gloanec Maurin, Martin Häusling, Esther Herranz García, Jan Huitema, Ivan Jakovčić, Jarosław Kalinowski, Zbigniew Kuźmiuk, Norbert Lins, Philippe Loiseau, Mairead McGuinness, Ulrike Müller, Maria Noichl, Marijana Petir, Laurenţiu Rebega, Bronis Ropė, Maria Lidia Senra Rodríguez, Czesław Adam Siekierski, Maria Gabriela Zoană

Substitutes present for the final vote

Elsi Katainen, Susanne Melior, Momchil Nekov, Ramón Luis Valcárcel Siso

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Stanisław Ożóg

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

17

+

ALDE

Jan Huitema, Ivan Jakovčić, Elsi Katainen, Ulrike Müller

ECR

Zbigniew Kuźmiuk, Stanisław Ożóg

PPE

Daniel Buda, Michel Dantin, Albert Deß, Norbert Erdős, Esther Herranz García, Jarosław Kalinowski, Norbert Lins, Mairead McGuinness, Marijana Petir, Czesław Adam Siekierski, Ramón Luis Valcárcel Siso

13

-

ECR

Jørn Dohrmann, Laurenţiu Rebega

EFDD

John Stuart Agnew

ENF

Philippe Loiseau

S&D

Paolo De Castro, Karine Gloanec Maurin, Susanne Melior, Momchil Nekov, Maria Noichl, Maria Gabriela Zoană

Verts/ALE

José Bové, Martin Häusling, Bronis Ropė

4

0

GUE/NGL

Matt Carthy, Luke Ming Flanagan, Maria Lidia Senra Rodríguez

PPE

Herbert Dorfmann

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Establishing a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE)

References

COM(2018)0385 – C8-0249/2018 – 2018/0209(COD)

Date submitted to Parliament

1.6.2018

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

14.6.2018

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

       Date announced in plenary

BUDG

14.6.2018

ITRE

14.6.2018

REGI

14.6.2018

AGRI

14.6.2018

 

PECH

14.6.2018

 

 

 

Not delivering opinions

       Date of decision

ITRE

19.6.2018

PECH

20.6.2018

 

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy

16.5.2018

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

11.10.2018

 

 

 

Date adopted

20.11.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

44

1

4

Members present for the final vote

Marco Affronte, Pilar Ayuso, Zoltán Balczó, Catherine Bearder, Ivo Belet, Biljana Borzan, Paul Brannen, Nessa Childers, Birgit Collin-Langen, Seb Dance, Mark Demesmaeker, Bas Eickhout, Francesc Gambús, Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, Jens Gieseke, Julie Girling, Sylvie Goddyn, Françoise Grossetête, Benedek Jávor, Karin Kadenbach, Urszula Krupa, Giovanni La Via, Jo Leinen, Peter Liese, Valentinas Mazuronis, Susanne Melior, Miroslav Mikolášik, Massimo Paolucci, Bolesław G. Piecha, John Procter, Julia Reid, Frédérique Ries, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Adina-Ioana Vălean, Jadwiga Wiśniewska

Substitutes present for the final vote

Cristian-Silviu Buşoi, Nicola Caputo, Michel Dantin, Esther Herranz García, Peter Jahr, Gesine Meissner, Tilly Metz, Ulrike Müller, Carlos Zorrinho

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Mercedes Bresso, Innocenzo Leontini, Olle Ludvigsson, Ana Miranda, Miroslav Poche

Date tabled

26.11.2018


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

44

+

ALDE

Catherine Bearder, Gerben Jan Gerbrandy, Valentinas Mazuronis, Gesine Meissner, Ulrike Müller, Frédérique Ries

ECR

Mark Demesmaeker

EFDD

Sylvie Goddyn

NI

Zoltán Balczó

PPE

Pilar Ayuso, Ivo Belet, Cristian Silviu Buşoi, Birgit Collin Langen, Michel Dantin, Francesc Gambús, Jens Gieseke, Julie Girling, Françoise Grossetête, Esther Herranz García, Peter Jahr, Giovanni La Via, Innocenzo Leontini, Peter Liese, Miroslav Mikolášik, Annie Schreijer Pierik, Adina Ioana Vălean

S&D

Biljana Borzan, Paul Brannen, Mercedes Bresso, Nicola Caputo, Nessa Childers, Seb Dance, Karin Kadenbach, Jo Leinen, Olle Ludvigsson, Susanne Melior, Massimo Paolucci, Miroslav Poche, Carlos Zorrinho

VERTS/ALE

Marco Affronte, Bas Eickhout, Benedek Jávor, Tilly Metz, Ana Miranda

1

-

EFDD

Julia Reid

4

0

ECR

Urszula Krupa, Bolesław G. Piecha, John Procter, Jadwiga Wiśniewska

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

Last updated: 29 November 2018Legal notice