Procedure : 2018/0267(NLE)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0030/2019

Texts tabled :

A8-0030/2019

Debates :

PV 11/02/2019 - 15
CRE 11/02/2019 - 15

Votes :

PV 12/02/2019 - 9.1
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2019)0063

RECOMMENDATION     ***
PDF 194kWORD 65k
28.1.2019
PE 629.693v02-00 A8-0030/2019

on the draft Council decision on the conclusion of the Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (2018-2024)

(10858/2018 – C8-0387/2018 – 2018/0267(NLE))

Committee on Fisheries

Rapporteur: João Ferreira

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 SHORT JUSTIFICATION
 OPINION of the Committee on Budgets
 OPINION of the Committee on Development
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the draft Council decision on the conclusion of the Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (2018-2024)

(10858/2018 – C8-0387/2018 – 2018/0267(NLE))

(Consent)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the draft Council decision (10858/2018),

–  having regard to the Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (2018-2024) (10856/2018),

–  having regard to the request for consent submitted by the Council in accordance with Article 43 and Article 218(6), second subparagraph, point (a)(v), and Article 218 (7) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (C8-0387/2018),

–  having regard to its non-legislative resolution of ... on the draft decision(1),

–  having regard to Rule 99(1) and (4) and Rule 108(7) of its Rules of Procedure

–  having regard to the recommendation of the Committee on Fisheries and the opinions of the Committee on Development and the Committee on Budgets (A8-0030/2019),

1.  Gives its consent to conclusion of the protocol;

2.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States and of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire.

(1)

Texts adopted of that date, P8_TA(0000)0000.


SHORT JUSTIFICATION

Côte d’Ivoire is country with more than 20 million inhabitants and of more than 60 ethnic groups. It recently went through a turbulent civil war, which exacerbated its appalling social inequality. Its development index and other social indicators paint an alarming picture – for example, it has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the world (85 deaths per thousand births), more than 50% of its people are illiterate and almost 90% of employment is informal.

While its fishing sector contributes little to the economy and accounts for less than 1% of GDP, it is important as a food resource and to society as a whole. Côte d’Ivoire depends on fishery product imports to feed its population. Indeed, even if catches by the local fleet pick up again, its catch levels will still not be enough to meet the country’s fish needs.

Artisanal, coastal and inland fishing accounts for two thirds of catches. Local fleets consist mostly of canoes from 6 to 20 metres in length. In 2014, 13 000 were registered. The country’s fishing industry, particularly small-scale fisheries, therefore need structural support to enable them to contribute more effectively to national development and food needs.

The first Fisheries Agreement concluded between the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire and the European Community dates back to 1990. The Fisheries Partnership Agreement currently into force was concluded in 2007 for 6 years and is tacitly renewed for 6-year periods. It is a tuna agreement that allows EU vessels to fish in the Ivorian waters and is part of the tuna network fisheries agreements in West Africa.

The 5 years anterior Protocol which expired on 30th June 2018 was providing fishing opportunities for Union Vessels in Côte d’Ivoire waters for 28 Tunas seiners (16 for Spain and 12 for France) and 10 Suface longliners (7 for Spain and 3 for Portugal). The annual financial contribution was 680 000 €/year, including 257 500€/year (37,8% of total) to the support of the Côte d’Ivoire’s fisheries sector.

During their second round of negotiations, which took place on 13-16 March 2018, the EU and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire have concluded negotiations for a new 6 years protocol (2018-2024) from the date of its provisional application, i.e. from the date of its signature.

This new Protocol takes account of the results of ex ante and ex post evaluations of the previous Protocol (2013-2018) The evaluation concluded that the EU tuna fishing sector is strongly interested in fishing in Côte d'Ivoire and that a renewal of the Protocol would help strengthen monitoring, control and surveillance and contribute to improved governance of the fisheries in the region. The importance of Abidjan as one of the main landing ports and processing places in West Africa contributes to the relevance of the envisaged new Protocol, both for the EU tuna fishing sector and for the partner country.

As for previous protocols, the main aim of the new Protocol is to provide fishing opportunities for Union vessels in Côte d’Ivoire waters, on the basis of the best available scientific advice and following the recommendations of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). The new Protocol will also allow the EU and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire to collaborate more closely in order to promote the sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources in Côte d’Ivoire waters and support the efforts of Côte d’Ivoire to develop its blue economy, in the interests of both Parties.

The new protocol provides fishing opportunities for Union Vessels in Côte d’Ivoire waters for 28 freezer tunas seiners and 8 Suface longliners.

The annual financial contribution is EUR 682 000, based on:

(a)  a reference tonnage of 5 500 tonnes, for which an annual amount linked to access has been set at EUR 330 000 for the first two years of application of the Protocol and EUR 275 000 for the remaining years (three to six);

(b)  support for development of the sectoral fisheries policy of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire for an amount of EUR 352 000 per year during the first two years of application of the Protocol and EUR 407 000 for the remaining years (three to six). This support meets the objectives of the national policy of sustainable management of inland and maritime fisheries resources of Côte d’Ivoire.

Comparative table of the Protocols between the European Union and Côte d'Ivoire 2013 - 2018 and 2018 - 2024

 

2013-2018 Protocol

2018-2024 Protocol

 

Financial compensation

EUR 680 000 a year

EUR 682 000 a year

 

Reference tonnage

6 500 tonnes a year

5 500 tonnes a year

 

Categories of vessel

28 freezer tuna seiners

10 surface longliners

28 freezer tuna seiners

8 surface longliners

 

One point which the rapporteur would like to stress is that the contributions intended to support the development of the Côte d’Ivoire’s sectoral fisheries policy range between 51,6% and 59,7% of the total to be transferred, which, in percentage terms, amounts to a major and growing contribution compared with the previous protocol. Support for sectoral development is the real contribution to the sustainability of a partner country, as it helps to enhance the country’s operational independence, underpin its development strategy, and guarantee its sovereignty. It is the opposite of the neo-colonial approach of ‘paying to help oneself’ – in so doing exploiting resources and communities to the limit – which often determines the reality of partnerships with non-member countries.

When assessing the implementation of the Protocol, the Commission should always bear in mind that the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire is pursuing a clearly defined strategic policy with a view to increasing their capacity for monitoring, control, and surveillance of their fish stocks and the fishing carried out in their waters, with particular emphasis on measures to combat IUU fishing, improving available scientific knowledge about local marine ecosystems and fish stocks in their waters, and developing locally based non-industrial fisheries and the communities that depend on them so as to increase their contribution to the local economy, help improve safety on board and fishermen’s income, and support the development of local facilities for processing and marketing of fish, be it to supply the domestic market or for export.

The rapporteur recommends that Parliament approve the signing of this protocol, given its importance for both Côte d’Ivoire and for EU fleets operating in that country’s waters.

However, the rapporteur believes that a more detailed assessment and study of this agreement, its background and its prospects for the future are needed. Bearing in mind Parliament’s role and remit in this area, he considers it appropriate and necessary to adopt a non-legislative resolution on this agreement, setting out considerations and recommendations which, it is to be hoped, the Commission will take into account for the duration of the Protocol and in any related future negotiations.

The rapporteur wishes to highlight certain aspects that require particular attention.

Even though the first Fisheries Agreement between the EU and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire was signed 28 years ago, lamentably little has been achieved to date in the field of sectoral cooperation. This must change. The agreement must promote genuine sustainable development in the Ivorian fisheries sector and related industries and activities, increasing the added value that stays in the country as a result of the exploitation of its natural resources.

Better coordination is needed between the sectoral support provided under the Fisheries Agreement and the instruments available as part of development cooperation, namely the European Development Fund (EDF), either through the relevant national programming or through regional programming for West Africa.

The rapporteur takes the view that the Commission should take the necessary action – including the possible revision of and an increase in the sectoral support component of the agreement, in addition to finding new and better ways of improving the absorption rate for this support – in order to reverse the trend of past decades.

As is the case for other countries in the region, there is a need for more, and more reliable data on catches and on the conservation status of fishery resources in general, along with support for Côte d’Ivoire to develop its own capacities for obtaining such data.

Finally, the rapporteur stresses that Parliament must, at every stage, be kept fully and immediately informed about procedures related to the Protocol or its renewal. A report should be submitted annually to Parliament and the Council on the outcome of the multiannual sectoral programme referred to in Article 4 of the Protocol, and on compliance with catch reporting requirements.


OPINION of the Committee on Budgets (11.12.2018)

for the Committee on Fisheries

on the Council decision on the conclusion of the Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (2018-2024)

(COM(2018)503 – C8‑0387/2018 – 2018/0267(NLE))

Rapporteur for opinion: Heidi Hautala

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

On the basis of the relevant negotiating directives, the Commission conducted negotiations with the Government of Côte d’Ivoire with a view to concluding a new Protocol to the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire. Following these negotiations, a new Protocol was initialled on 16 March 2018. The Protocol covers a period of six years from the date of its provisional application, i.e. from the date of its signature, as it states in Article 13.

The previous Protocol to the Agreement entered into force on 1 July 2013 and expired on 30 June 2018.

The main aim of the new Protocol is to provide fishing opportunities for Union vessels in Côte d’Ivoire waters, on the basis of the best available scientific advice and following the recommendations of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT). This new Protocol takes account of the results of an evaluation of the previous Protocol (2013-2018) and a forward-looking assessment of whether a new Protocol should be concluded. Both were carried out by external experts. The Protocol will also allow the EU and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire to collaborate more closely in order to promote the sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources in Côte d’Ivoire waters and support the efforts of Côte d’Ivoire to develop its blue economy, in the interests of both Parties.

The new Protocol shall provide an annual financial contribution of EUR 682 000, based on:

•  a reference tonnage of 5 500 tonnes, for which an annual amount linked to access has been set at EUR 330 000 for the first two years of application of the Protocol and EUR 275 000 for the remaining years (three to six);

•  support for development of the sectoral fisheries policy of the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire for an amount of EUR 352 000 per year during the first two years of application of the Protocol and EUR 407 000 for the remaining years (three to six). This support meets the objectives of the national policy of sustainable management of inland and maritime fisheries resources of Côte d’Ivoire.

******

The Committee on Budgets calls on the Committee on Fisheries, as the committee responsible, to recommend that Parliament give its consent to the draft Council decision on the conclusion of the Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (2018-2024).

Furthermore, the European Commission is urged to maintain a focus - in dialogue with the local authorities - on ensuring that in particular local women fish processors benefit from the agreement, can make a living, and are enabled to fully contribute to local food security and development. 

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire and the European Community (2018-2024)

References

10858/2018 – C8-0387/2018 – COM(2018)05032018/0267(NLE)

Committee responsible

 

PECH

 

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

BUDG

10.9.2018

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Heidi Hautala

9.7.2018

Discussed in committee

5.11.2018

 

 

 

Date adopted

10.12.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

26

1

1

Members present for the final vote

Nedzhmi Ali, Jean Arthuis, Richard Ashworth, Lefteris Christoforou, Manuel dos Santos, André Elissen, José Manuel Fernandes, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Jens Geier, Ingeborg Gräßle, Monika Hohlmeier, John Howarth, Siegfried Mureşan, Liadh Ní Riada, Jan Olbrycht, Urmas Paet, Pina Picierno, Paul Rübig, Petri Sarvamaa, Jordi Solé, Patricija Šulin, Inese Vaidere, Monika Vana, Daniele Viotti, Marco Zanni

Substitutes present for the final vote

Xabier Benito Ziluaga, Karine Gloanec Maurin

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Claudia Schmidt

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

26

+

ALDE

Jean Arthuis

ENF

André Elissen

GUE/NGL

Xabier Benito Ziluaga, Liadh Ní Riada

PPE

Richard Ashworth, Lefteris Christoforou, José Manuel Fernandes, Ingeborg Gräßle, Monika Hohlmeier, Siegfried Mureşan, Jan Olbrycht, Paul Rübig, Petri Sarvamaa, Claudia Schmidt, Patricija Šulin, Inese Vaidere

S&D

Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Jens Geier, Karine Gloanec Maurin, John Howarth, Pina Picierno, Manuel dos Santos, Daniele Viotti

VERTS/ALE

Jordi Solé, Monika Vana

1

-

ALDE

Nedzhmi Ali

1

0

ENF

Marco Zanni

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention


OPINION of the Committee on Development (18.12.2018)

for the Committee on Fisheries

on the draft Council decision on the conclusion of the Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (2018-2024)

(10858/2018 – C8‑0387/2018 – 2018/0267(NLE))

Rapporteur for opinion: Eleni Theocharous

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

This protocol between the EU and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire has to comply with the new Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) regulation, which puts the emphasis on, in particular, sustainable fisheries and good governance, while recognising the importance of policy consistency between the CFP and EU development cooperation objectives.

The protocol covers a six-year period, thus providing a degree of stability.

The fishing opportunities granted to EU vessels are, according to the Commission, in line with the best scientific opinions available and with the recommendations of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, and are in keeping with the ‘available surplus’ principle.

The new protocol lays down a reference tonnage of 5 500 tonnes per year which is lower than under the previous protocol (6 500 tonnes per year). The catch level is therefore controlled, but nonetheless allows fishing zones for EU vessels to be dovetailed because of the fisheries agreements concluded by the EU with several other Western African countries, making this agreement part of a ‘regional network of active FPAs’.

The financial contribution provided for in this protocol amounts to EUR 682 000 per year - a slight increase from the previous protocol. For the first two years, this total will be divided into annuals sums of EUR 330 000 for access to the Ivorian fishing zone and EUR 352 000 for the specific purpose of supporting the implementation of the fisheries policy in Côte d’Ivoire. For the remaining period, the division will be EUR 275 000 and EUR 407 000 respectively. This amounts to a significant and welcome increase in the sectoral budget, promoting responsible fishing and sustainable exploitation of fisheries and aiming notably to improve monitoring, control and surveillance, support small-scale fishing, improve scientific knowledge of fish stocks, support the blue economy and develop aquaculture.

Your rapporteur takes the view that the protocol will promote the responsible and sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources in Côte d’Ivoire in the interests of both Parties and is therefore consistent with the objectives of sustainable fisheries agreements and of development cooperation. For these reasons, your rapporteur is proposing that the protocol be approved.

******

The Committee on Development calls on the Committee on Fisheries, as the committee responsible, to recommend that Parliament give its consent to the draft Council decision on the conclusion of the Protocol on the implementation of the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (2018-2024).

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire and the European Community (2018-2024)

References

10858/2018 – C8-0387/2018 – COM(2018)05032018/0267(NLE)

Committee responsible

 

PECH

 

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

DEVE

10.9.2018

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Eleni Theocharous

19.9.2018

Discussed in committee

20.11.2018

 

 

 

Date adopted

13.12.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

14

1

1

Members present for the final vote

Ignazio Corrao, Doru-Claudian Frunzulică, Enrique Guerrero Salom, Maria Heubuch, Teresa Jiménez-Becerril Barrio, Linda McAvan, Norbert Neuser, Maurice Ponga, Jean-Luc Schaffhauser, Elly Schlein, Bogusław Sonik, Eleni Theocharous, Mirja Vehkaperä, Joachim Zeller

Substitutes present for the final vote

Frank Engel

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Miguel Urbán Crespo

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

14

+

ALDE

Mirja Vehkaperä

ECR

Eleni Theocharous

EFDD

Ignazio Corrao

ENF

Jean-Luc Schaffhauser

PPE

Frank Engel, Teresa Jiménez-Becerril Barrio, Maurice Ponga, Bogusław Sonik

S&D

Doru-Claudian Frunzulică, Enrique Guerrero Salom, Linda McAvan, Norbert Neuser, Elly Schlein

VERTS/ALE

Maria Heubuch

1

-

PPE

Joachim Zeller

1

0

GUE/NGL

Miguel Urbán Crespo

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire and the European Community (2018-2024)

References

10858/2018 – C8-0387/2018 – COM(2018)05032018/0267(NLE)

Date of consultation / request for consent

2.8.2018

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

PECH

10.9.2018

 

 

 

Committees asked for opinions

       Date announced in plenary

DEVE

10.9.2018

BUDG

10.9.2018

 

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

João Ferreira

16.7.2018

 

 

 

Discussed in committee

8.10.2018

27.11.2018

 

 

Date adopted

23.1.2019

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

23

3

0

Members present for the final vote

Marco Affronte, Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Renata Briano, Alain Cadec, David Coburn, Richard Corbett, Linnéa Engström, Sylvie Goddyn, Ian Hudghton, Werner Kuhn, António Marinho e Pinto, Norica Nicolai, Liadh Ní Riada, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Ricardo Serrão Santos, Isabelle Thomas, Ruža Tomašić, Peter van Dalen, Jarosław Wałęsa

Substitutes present for the final vote

Norbert Erdős, Verónica Lope Fontagné, Nosheena Mobarik, Maria Lidia Senra Rodríguez

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Tim Aker, Agustín Díaz de Mera García Consuegra, Jo Leinen

Date tabled

28.1.2019


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

23

+

ALDE

António Marinho e Pinto, Norica Nicolai

ECR

Peter van Dalen, Nosheena Mobarik, Ruža Tomašić

EFDD

Sylvie Goddyn

GUE/NGL

Liadh Ní Riada

PPE

Alain Cadec, Agustín Díaz de Mera García Consuegra, Norbert Erdős, Werner Kuhn, Verónica Lope Fontagné, Annie Schreijer-Pierik, Jarosław Wałęsa

S&D

Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Renata Briano, Richard Corbett, Jo Leinen, Ricardo Serrão Santos, Isabelle Thomas

VERTS/ALE

Marco Affronte, Linnéa Engström, Ian Hudghton

3

-

EFDD

Tim Aker, David Coburn

GUE/NGL

Maria Lidia Senra Rodríguez

0

0

 

 

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

Last updated: 30 January 2019Legal notice