Níl an doiciméad seo ar fáil i do theanga féin. Roghnaítear teanga eile as na teangacha atá ar fáil.

Nós Imeachta : 2018/0197(COD)
Céimeanna an doiciméid sa chruinniú iomlánach
An doiciméad roghnaithe : A8-0094/2019

Téacsanna arna gcur síos :

A8-0094/2019

Díospóireachtaí :

PV 26/03/2019 - 3
CRE 26/03/2019 - 3

Vótaí :

PV 27/03/2019 - 18.4
Mínithe ar vótaí

Téacsanna arna nglacadh :

P8_TA(2019)0303

REPORT     ***I
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27.2.2019
PE 627.935v02-00 A8-0094/2019

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund

(COM(2018)0372 – C8-0227/2018 – 2018/0197(COD))

Committee on Regional Development

Rapporteur: Andrea Cozzolino

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on Budgets
 OPINION of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
 OPINION of the Committee on Transport and Tourism
 OPINION of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development
 OPINION of the Committee on Culture and Education
 OPINION of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund

(COM(2018)0372 – C8-0227/2018 – 2018/0197(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2018)0372),

–  having regard to Article 294(2) and Articles 177, 178 and 349 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8-0227/2018),

–  having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–  having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 17 October 2018 (1),

–  having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions of 5 December 2018 (2),

–  having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the report of the Committee on Regional Development and also the opinion of the Committee on Budgets, the position in the form of amendments of the Committee on Budgetary Control, and the opinions of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, of the Committee on Transport and Tourism, of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development, of the Committee on Culture and Education, and the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (A8-0094/2019),

1.  Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.  Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)  Regulation (EU) 2018/XXX of the European Parliament and of the Council [new CPR]1 sets out common rules applicable to various funds including the European Regional Development Fund ('ERDF'), the European Social Fund Plus ('ESF+'), the Cohesion Fund, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund ('EMFF'), the Asylum and Migration Fund ('AMIF'), the Internal Security Fund ('ISF') and the Border Management and Visa Instrument ('BMVI') which operate under a common framework ('the Funds').

(3)  Regulation (EU) 2018/XXX of the European Parliament and of the Council [new CPR]1 sets out common rules applicable to various funds including the European Regional Development Fund ('ERDF'), the European Social Fund Plus ('ESF+'), the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD), the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund ('EMFF'), the Asylum and Migration Fund ('AMIF'), the Internal Security Fund ('ISF') and the Border Management and Visa Instrument ('BMVI') which operate under a common framework ('the Funds').

__________________

__________________

1 [Full reference - new CPR].

1 [Full reference - new CPR].

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3 a)  Member States and the Commission shall ensure the coordination, complementarity and coherence between the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the Cohesion Fund (CF), the European Social Development Fund+ (ESF+), the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) and the European Fund for Agricultural Development (EAFRD), so that they can complement each other where this is beneficial for creating successful projects.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  Horizontal principles as set out in Article 3 of the Treaty on European Union ('TEU') and in Article 10 of the TFEU, including principles of subsidiarity and proportionality as set out in Article 5 of the TEU, should be respected in the implementation of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, taking into account the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Member States should also respect the obligations of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and ensure accessibility in line with its article 9 and in accordance with the Union law harmonising accessibility requirements for products and services. Member States and the Commission should aim at eliminating inequalities and at promoting equality between men and women and integrating the gender perspective, as well as at combating discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. The Funds should not support actions that contribute to any form of segregation. The objectives of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should be pursued in the framework of sustainable development and the Union's promotion of the aim of preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment as set out in Articles 11 and 191(1) of the TFEU, taking into account the polluter pays principle. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, operations benefitting undertakings shall comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

(5)  Horizontal principles as set out in Article 3 of the Treaty on European Union ('TEU') and in Article 10 of the TFEU, including principles of subsidiarity and proportionality as set out in Article 5 of the TEU, should be respected in the implementation of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, taking into account the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the European Pillar of Social Rights. Member States and the Commission should aim at eliminating social and income inequalities, at furthering the fight against poverty, at the preservation and promoting the creation of quality jobs with attendant rights and at ensuring that the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund promote equal opportunities for all, combating discrimination based on gender, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. The funds should also promote the transition from institutional care to family and community-based care, in particular for those who face multiple discrimination. The Funds should not support actions that contribute to any form of segregation. Investments under the ERDF, in synergy with ESF+, should contribute to promoting social inclusion and fighting poverty, and to raising citizens’ quality of life in line with the obligations of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) to contribute to children’s rights.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  In an increasingly interconnected world and in view of the demographic and migration dynamics, it is clear that Union migration policy requires a common approach that relies on the synergies and complementarities of the different funding instruments. In order to ensure coherent, strong and consistent support for solidarity and responsibility-sharing efforts between Member States in managing migration, the ERDF should provide support to facilitate the long-term integration of migrants.

(8)  In an increasingly interconnected world and in view of the internal and external demographic and migration dynamics, it is clear that Union migration policy requires a common approach that relies on the synergies and complementarities of the different funding instruments. The ERDF must pay more specific attention to demographic change as a key challenge and priority area in devising and implementing programmes. In order to ensure coherent, strong and consistent support for solidarity and responsibility as well as sharing efforts between Member States in managing migration, cohesion policy could contribute to integration processes of refugees and migrants under international protection by adopting an approach aimed at protecting the dignity and rights of them, not least in view of the mutually-reinforcing relationship between integration and local economic growth, especially by providing infrastructure support to cities and local authorities involved in implementing integration policies;

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  In order to support the efforts of Member States and regions in facing new challenges and ensuring a high level of security for their citizens as well as the prevention of radicalisation, while relying on the synergies and complementarities with other Union policies, investments under the ERDF should contribute to security in areas where there is a need to ensure safe and secure public spaces and critical infrastructure, such as transport and energy.

(9)  In order to support the efforts of Member States and regions in reducing disparities between levels of development and harmonise different situations of EU regions, facing up to social disparities, new challenges and ensuring inclusive societies and a high level of security as well as the prevention of marginalisation and radicalisation, while relying on the synergies and complementarities with other Union policies, investments under the ERDF should contribute in areas where there is a need to ensure safe, modern, accessible and secure public spaces and critical infrastructure, such as communication, public transport, energy and universal, high-quality public services which are vital to address regional and social disparities, promote social cohesion and regional development and encourage enterprises and people to stay in their local area.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10)  In addition, investments under the ERDF should contribute to the development of a comprehensive high-speed digital infrastructure network, and to promoting clean and sustainable multimodal urban mobility.

(10)  In addition, investments under the ERDF should contribute to the development of a comprehensive high-speed digital infrastructure network, throughout the Union, including in rural areas where it is a vital contributor to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and to promoting pollution-free and sustainable multimodal mobility with a focus on walking, cycling, public transport and shared mobility.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10 a)  Many of the greatest challenges in Europe increasingly affect marginalised Roma communities, who often live in the most disadvantaged micro-regions which lack safe and accessible drinking water, sewage, electricity, and which do not enjoy transportation possibilities, digital connectivity, renewable energy systems or disaster resilience. Therefore, ERDF-CF shall contribute to improving the living conditions of Roma and fulfilling their true potential as EU citizens, and Member States shall safeguard that the benefits of all the five policy objectives of ERDF-CF will reach the Roma as well.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 12

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12)  In order to improve the overall administrative capacity of institutions and governance in Member States implementing programmes under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, it is necessary to enable supporting measures under all of the specific objectives.

(12)  In order to contribute to an appropriate governance, enforcement, cross-border cooperation and spread of best practices and innovations in the field of smart specialization and circular economy improve the overall administrative capacity of the institutions and governance in the Member States, including at the regional and local levels on the principles of multilevel governance, implementing the programmes under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, it is necessary to promote administrative reinforcement measures of a structural nature in support of all specific objectives. Being based on measurable objectives and notified to citizens and businesses as a means of simplifying and reducing the administrative burden imposed on beneficiaries and managing authorities, it is possible for these measures to strike the right balance between the result-orientation of the policy and the level of checks and controls.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13)  In order to encourage and boost cooperation measures, within programmes implemented under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, it is necessary to enhance cooperation measures with partners within a given Member State or between different Member States in relation to support provided under all of the specific objectives. Such enhanced cooperation is additional to the cooperation under ETC/Interreg and should in particular support cooperation among structured partnerships with a view to implementing regional strategies as referred to in the Communication from the Commission ‘Strengthening Innovation in Europe's Regions: Strategies for resilient, inclusive and sustainable growth’1 . Partners may therefore come from any region in the Union, but may also include cross-border regions and regions which are all covered by a macro-regional or sea-basin strategy or a combination of the two.

(13)  In order to encourage and boost cooperation measures, within programmes implemented under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, it is necessary to enhance cooperation measures with partners including those at local and regional level within a given Member State or between different Member States in relation to support provided under all of the specific objectives. Such enhanced cooperation is additional to the cooperation under ETC/Interreg and should in particular support cooperation among structured partnerships with a view to implementing regional strategies as referred to in the Communication from the Commission ‘Strengthening Innovation in Europe's Regions: Strategies for resilient, inclusive and sustainable growth’1 . Partners may therefore come from any region in the Union, but may also include cross-border regions and regions which are all covered by European Groupings of Territorial Cooperation, a macro-regional or sea-basin strategy or a combination of the two.

_________________

_________________

1 Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions of 8 July 2017 - COM(2017) 376 final.

1 Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions of 8 July 2017 - COM(2017) 376 final.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13a)  The future cohesion policy may take adequate consideration of and provide support to the regions of the Union that are most impacted by the consequences of the United Kingdom’s exit from the Union, in particular those that will, as a result, find themselves situated on external sea or land borders of the Union;

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, the Funds will contribute to mainstream climate actions and to the achievement of an overall target of 25 % of the EU budget expenditure supporting climate objectives. Operations under the ERDF are expected to contribute 30 % of the overall financial envelope of the ERDF to climate objectives. Operations under the Cohesion Fund are expected to contribute 37% of the overall financial envelope of the Cohesion Fund to climate objectives.

(14)  The objectives of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should be pursued in the framework of sustainable development, notably the highly importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement, 2030 Agenda of the United Nations and the UN Sustainable Development Goals as well as and the Union's promotion of the aim of preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment as set out in Articles 11 and 191(1) of the TFEU, taking into account the polluter pays principle as well as focusing on poverty, inequality and a just transition to a socially and environmentally sustainable economy in a participatory approach in cooperation with relevant public authorities, economic, and social partners as well as civil society organisations. Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change and loss of biodiversity in order to contribute to the financing of necessary actions to be taken at EU, national and local level to fulfil in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, as well as to ensure integrated disaster prevention support linking resilience and risk prevention, preparation and response, the Funds will contribute to mainstream climate actions and biodiversity protection by targeting 30 % of the EU budget expenditure supporting climate objectives. The Funds must contribute substantially to the achievement of a circular and low-carbon economy in all territories of the Union and fully incorporating the regional dimension. Operations under the ERDF should contribute to at least 35 % of the overall financial envelope of the ERDF to climate objectives. Operations under the Cohesion Fund are expected to contribute 40 % of the overall financial envelope of the Cohesion Fund to climate objectives. These percentages should be respected throughout the programming period. Therefore, relevant actions will be identified during the preparation and implementation of these funds, and reassessed in the context of the relevant evaluations and review procedures. These actions and the financial allocation reserved for their implementation are to be included in the national Integrated Energy and Climate Plans in accordance with Annex IV of Regulation (EU)2018/xxxx[new CPR] as well as long-term renovation strategy established under the revised Energv Performance of Building Directive (E) 2018/844 to contribute to the achievement of a decarbonised building stock by 2050, and attached to the Programmes. Specific attention should be paid to carbon-intensive areas facing challenges due to decarbonisation commitments, in view of assisting them in pursuing strategies consistent with the Union’s climate commitment and laid down in the Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans and under the ETS Directive 2018/410 and to protect workers also through training and reskilling opportunities.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15)  In order to enable the ERDF to provide support under ETC/Interreg in terms of both investments in infrastructure and the associated investments, training and integration activities, it is necessary to provide that the ERDF may also provide support for activities under the specific objectives of the ESF+, set up under Regulation (EU) 2018/XXX of the European Parliament and of the Council [new ESF+]1.

(15)  In order to enable the ERDF to provide support under ETC/Interreg in terms of both investments in infrastructure and the associated investments, training and integration activities, for the improvement and development of administrative skills and competences, it is necessary to provide that the ERDF may also provide support for activities under the specific objectives of the ESF+, set up under Regulation (EU) 2018/XXX of the European Parliament and of the Council [new ESF+]1.

__________________

__________________

1 [Full reference - new ESF+].

1 [Full reference - new ESF+].

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16)  In order to concentrate the use of limited resources in the most efficient way, the support given to by the ERDF to productive investments under the relevant specific objective, should be limited to only micro, small and medium-sized enterprises ('SMEs') within the meaning of Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC1 , except where investments involve cooperation with SMEs in research and innovation activities.

(16)  SMEs and micro-enterprises are key drivers of economic growth, innovation and employment and play an important role in the economic recovery and in the transition towards a sustainable Union economy. It is necessary to promote SMEs in emerging areas tied in with European and regional challenges, such as the creative and cultural industries, as well as innovative services addressing new societal needs including integration and social inclusion of disadvantaged communities, population ageing, health and care services, eco-innovation and resource efficiency. In order to concentrate the use of limited resources in the most efficient way, but without undermining achievement of the programme's objectives, the support given to by the ERDF to productive investments under the relevant specific objective, should preferably be limited to micro, small and medium-sized enterprises ('SMEs') within the meaning of Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC1 without prejudice for public sector companies, except where investments involve cooperation with SMEs. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, operations benefitting undertakings shall comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

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_________________

1 Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC of 6 May 2003 concerning the definition of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (OJ L 124, 20.5.2003, p. 36).

1 Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC of 6 May 2003 concerning the definition of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (OJ L 124, 20.5.2003, p. 36).

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17)  The ERDF should help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union and to reduce disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions including those facing challenges due to the decarbonisation commitments. ERDF support under the Investment for jobs and growth goal should therefore be concentrated on key Union priorities in line with policy objectives laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/xxx [new CPR]. Therefore support from the ERDF should be concentrated on the policy objectives of 'a smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation' and 'a greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management'. That thematic concentration should be attained at national level while allowing for flexibility at the level of individual programmes and between the three groups of Member States formed according to respective gross national income. In addition, the methodology to classify Member States should be set out in detail taking into account the specific situation of the outermost regions.

(17)  The ERDF should help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union and to reduce disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions including those facing challenges due to the decarbonisation commitments through financial support for the transitional period. It should also foster resilience and prevent vulnerable territories from falling behind. ERDF support under the Investment for jobs and growth goal should therefore be concentrated on key Union priorities in line with policy objectives laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/xxx [new CPR]. Therefore support from the ERDF should be concentrated specifically on the two policy objectives of a 'a smarter Europe by promoting innovative, smart and inclusive economic development and transformation, regional connectivity in the area of technologies, developing the information and communication technologies (ICT), connectivity and efficient public administration and 'a greener, low-carbon and resilient Europe for all by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management 'while taking account of the overall policy objectives of a more cohesive and solidarity-based Europe helping reduce economic, social and territorial asymmetries. Said thematic concentration should be attained at national level, allowing margins for flexibility at the level of individual programmes and between various categories of regions, taking account too of different levels of development. In addition, the methodology to classify the regions should be set out in detail taking into account the specific situation of the outermost regions.

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(17a)  In order to ensure the strategic importance of investments co-financed by the ERDF and CF, Members States could make a duly justified request for further flexibility within the current framework of Stability and Growth Pact for the public or equivalent structural expenditure.

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18)  In order to concentrate the support on key Union priorities, it is also appropriate that thematic concentration requirements should be respected throughout the programming period, including in the case of transfer between priorities within a programme or between programmes.

(18)  In order to concentrate the support on key Union priorities and in line with the objectives of social, economic and territorial cohesion set out in Article 174 TFEU and the policy objectives laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/xxx [new CPR], it is also appropriate that thematic concentration requirements should be respected throughout the programming period, including in the case of transfer between priorities within a programme or between programmes.

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 18 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(18a)  The ERDF should address the problems of accessibility to, and remoteness from, large markets, faced by areas with an extremely low population density, as referred to in Protocol No 6 on special provisions for Objective 6 in the framework of the Structural Funds in Finland and Sweden to the 1994 Act of Accession. The ERDF should also address the specific difficulties encountered by certain islands, border regions, mountain regions and sparsely populated areas, the geographical situation of which slows down their development, with a view to supporting their sustainable development.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)  This Regulation should set out the different types of activities the costs of which may be supported by means of investments from the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, under their respective objectives as set out in the TFEU. The Cohesion Fund should be able to support investments in the environment and in TEN-T. With regard to the ERDF, the list of activities should be simplified and it should be able to support investments in infrastructure, investments in relation to access to services, productive investments in SME's, equipment, software and intangible assets, as well as measures with regard to information, communication, studies, networking, cooperation, exchange of experiences and activities involving clusters. In order to support the programme implementation, both funds should also be able to support technical assistance activities. Finally, in order to support provide for a broader range of interventions for Interreg programmes, the scope should be enlarged to also include the sharing a broad range of facilities and human resources and costs linked to measures within the scope of the ESF+.

(19)  This Regulation should set out the different types of activities the costs of which may be supported by means of investments from the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, under their respective objectives as set out in the TFEU including crowdfunding. The Cohesion Fund should be able to support investments in the environment and in TEN-T. With regard to the ERDF, the list of activities should take into account specific national and regional development needs as well as endogenous potential and be simplified and it should be able to support investments in infrastructure, including research and innovation infrastructure and facilities, cultural and heritage infrastructure, sustainable tourism infrastructure also through the tourist districts, services to enterprises, as well as investments in housing, investments in relation to access to services with a particular focus on disadvantaged, marginalised and segregated communities, productive investments in SME's, equipment, software and intangible assets, incentives during the transition period of regions in the process of decarbonisation, as well as measures with regard to information, communication, studies, networking, cooperation, exchange of experiences between partners and activities involving clusters. In order to support the programme implementation, both funds should also be able to support technical assistance activities. Finally, in order to support provide for a broader range of interventions for Interreg programmes, the scope should be enlarged to also include the sharing a broad range of facilities and human resources and costs linked to measures within the scope of the ESF+.

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20)  Trans-European transport networks projects in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1316/2013 shall continue to be financed from the Cohesion Fund via both shared management and the direct implementation mode under the Connecting Europe Facility ('CEF').

(20)  Trans-European transport networks projects in accordance with Regulation (EU) No1316/2013 shall continue to be financed from the Cohesion Fund, including tackling the missing links and bottlenecks, in a balanced manner as well as including for improving the safety of existing bridges and tunnels via both shared management and the direct implementation mode under the Connecting Europe Facility ('CEF'). These networks must prioritise investment in road transport networks and boost public services in rural areas, especially in sparsely populated areas and in areas with largely ageing populations, in order to foster interconnectivity between cities and the countryside, promote rural development, bridge the digital divide.

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 21

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(21)  At the same time, it is important to clarify those activities which fall outside the scope of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, including investments to achieve the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from activities listed in Annex I to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council1 in order to avoid duplication of available financing, which already exists as part of that Directive. In addition, it should be explicitly set out that the overseas countries and territories listed in Annex II of the TFEU are not eligible for support from the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund.

(21)  At the same time, it is important to identify synergies on the one hand and clarify those activities which fall outside the scope of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund on the other hand; this in order to multiplication effects or avoid duplication of available financing. In addition, it should be explicitly set out that the overseas countries and territories listed in Annex II of the TFEU are not eligible for support from the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund.

_________________

 

1 Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 2003 establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community and amending Council Directive 96/61/EC (OJ L 275, 25.10.2003, p. 32).

 

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 23

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(23)  Pursuant to paragraph 22 and 23 of the Inter-institutional agreement for Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016, there is a need to evaluate the Funds on the basis of information collected through specific monitoring requirements, while avoiding overregulation and administrative burdens, in particular on Member States. These requirements, where appropriate, can include measurable indicators, as a basis for evaluating the effects of the Funds on the ground.

(23)  Pursuant to paragraph 22 and 23 of the Inter-institutional agreement for Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016, there is a need to evaluate the Funds on the basis of information collected through specific monitoring requirements, while avoiding overregulation and administrative burdens. These requirements, where appropriate, can include measurable indicators, as a basis for evaluating the effects of the Funds on the ground.

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 24

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(24)  In order to maximise the contribution to territorial development, actions in this field should be based on integrated territorial strategies including in urban areas. Therefore, the ERDF support should be delivered through the forms set out in Article 22 of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR] ensuring appropriate involvement of local, regional and urban authorities.

(24)  In order to maximise the contribution to territorial development, and to address more effectively economic, demographic, environmental and social challenges, as envisaged in Article 174 TFEU, in areas with natural or demographic disadvantages including ageing, rural desertification and demographic decline but also demographic pressure or where it is difficult to access basic services, actions in this field should be based on programmes, axes or integrated territorial strategies including urban areas and rural communities. These actions should be the two sides of the same coin, based on both the central urban hubs and their surroundings as well as the more remote rural. These strategies may also benefit from a multifund and integrated approach involving the ERDF, ESF+, EMFF and EAFRD. A minimum target of 5% of ERDF resources should be earmarked at national level for integrated territorial development. Therefore, support should be delivered ensuring appropriate involvement of local, regional and urban authorities, economic and social partners and representatives of civil society and non-governmental organisations.

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 24 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(24a)  Specific attention should be paid to carbon-intensive areas facing challenges due to decarbonisation commitments, in view of assisting them in pursuing strategies consistent with the Union’s climate commitment under the Paris Agreement that protect workers and affected communities alike. Such areas should benefit from dedicated support to prepare and implement plans for decarbonisation of their economies taking into account the need for targeted vocational training and reskilling opportunities for the workforce.

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25)  Within the framework of sustainable urban development, it is considered necessary to support integrated territorial development in order to more effectively tackle the economic, environmental, climate, demographic and social challenges affecting urban areas, including functional urban areas, while taking into account the need to promote urban-rural linkages. The principles for selecting the urban areas where integrated actions for sustainable urban development are to be implemented, and the indicative amounts for those actions, should be set out in the programmes under the Investment for jobs and growth goal with a minimum target of 6% of the ERDF resources allocated at national level for that purpose. It should also be established that this percentage should be respected throughout the programming period in the case of transfer between priorities within a programme or between programmes, including at the mid-term review.

(25)  Within the framework of sustainable urban development, it is considered necessary to support integrated territorial development in order to more effectively tackle the economic, environmental, climate, demographic, technology and social and cultural challenges affecting urban areas, including functional urban areas and rural communities, while taking into account the need to promote urban-rural linkages, including through peri-urban areas where appropriate. The principles for selecting the urban areas where integrated actions for sustainable urban development are to be implemented, and the indicative amounts for those actions, should be set out in the programmes under the Investment for jobs and growth goal. Said actions may also benefit from a multifund and integrated approach involving the ERDF, ESF+, EMFF and the EAFRD. A minimum target of 10 % of the ERDF resources should be earmarked at national level for the sustainable urban development priority. It should also be established that this percentage should be respected throughout the programming period in the case of transfer between priorities within a programme or between programmes, including at the mid-term review.

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 26

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(26)  In order to identify or provide solutions which address issues relating to sustainable urban development at Union level, the Urban Innovative Actions in the area of sustainable urban development should be replaced by a European Urban Initiative, to be implemented under direct or indirect management. That initiative should cover all urban areas and support the Urban Agenda for the European Union1.

(26)  In order to identify or provide solutions which address issues relating to sustainable urban development at Union level, the Urban Innovative Actions in the area of sustainable urban development should be continued and developed into a European Urban Initiative. That initiative should support the Urban Agenda for the European Union1 aiming to stimulate growth, liveability and innovation and to identify and successfully tackle social challenges.

_________________

_________________

1 Council Conclusions on an Urban Agenda for the EU of 24 June 2016.

1 Council Conclusions on an Urban Agenda for the EU of 24 June 2016.

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 27

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(27)  Specific attention should be paid to outermost regions, namely by adopting measures under Article 349 of the TFEU providing for an additional allocation for the outermost regions to offset the additional costs incurred in these regions as a result of one or several of the permanent restraints referred to in Article 349 of the TFEU, namely remoteness, insularity, small size, difficult topography and climate, economic dependence on a few products, the permanence and combination of which severely restrain their development. This allocation can cover investments, operating costs and public service obligations aimed at offsetting additional costs caused by such restraints. Operating aid may cover expenditure on freight transport services and start-up aid for transport services as well as expenditure on operations linked to storage constraints, the excessive size and maintenance of production tools, and the lack of human capital in the local market. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, and as is the case for all operations co-financed by the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, any ERDF support to the financing of operating and investment aid in the outermost regions should comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

(27)  Specific attention should be paid to outermost regions, namely by adopting measures under Article 349 of the TFEU providing for an additional allocation for the outermost regions to offset the additional costs incurred in these regions as a result of one or several of the permanent restraints referred to in Article 349 of the TFEU, namely remoteness, insularity, small size, difficult topography and climate, economic dependence on a few products, the permanence and combination of which severely restrain their development. This allocation can cover investments, operating costs and public service obligations aimed at offsetting additional costs caused by such restraints. Operating aid may cover expenditure on freight transport services, green logistics, mobility management and start-up aid for transport services as well as expenditure on operations linked to storage constraints, the excessive size and maintenance of production tools, and the lack of human capital in the local market. This allocation shall not be subject to the thematic concentration provided for in this Regulation. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, and as is the case for all operations co-financed by the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, any ERDF support to the financing of operating and investment aid in the outermost regions should comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 29

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(29)  Since the objective of this Regulation, namely to reinforce economic, social and territorial cohesion by redressing the main regional imbalances in the Union, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States but can rather, by reason of the extent of the disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions and the limit on the financial resources of the Member States and regions, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the TEU. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective,

(29)  Since the objective of this Regulation, namely to reinforce economic, social and territorial cohesion by redressing the main regional imbalances in the Union through citizens oriented approach aimed at supporting community led development and fostering active citizenship, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States but can rather, by reason of the extent of the disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions and the limit on the financial resources of the Member States and regions, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the TEU. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective,

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 1a

 

Tasks of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund

 

The ERDF and the Cohesion Fund (CF) shall contribute to the overall objective of strengthening the Union’s economic, social and territorial cohesion.

 

The ERDF shall contribute to reducing disparities between the levels of development of the various regions within the Union, and to reducing the backwardness of the least favoured regions including environmental challenges, through sustainable development and structural adjustment of regional economies.

 

The Cohesion Fund shall contribute to projects in the field of trans-European networks and environment.

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  'a smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation' ('PO 1') by:

(a)  'a smarter Europe by promoting innovative, smart and inclusive economic development and transformation, regional connectivity in the area of technologies, developing the information and communication technologies (ICT), connectivity and efficient public administration' ('PO 1') by:

Amendment    30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  enhancing research and innovation capacities and the uptake of advanced technologies;

(i)  supporting the development and enhancement of research and innovation capacities, investments and infrastructure, the uptake of advanced technologies and supporting and promoting the clusters for innovation between business, research, academia and public authorities;

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  reaping the benefits of digitisation for citizens, companies and governments;

(ii)  enhancing digital connectivity and reaping the benefits of digitisation for citizens, scientific establishments, companies, governments and public administration at regional and local level including smart cities and smart villages;

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii)  enhancing growth and competitiveness of SMEs;

(iii)  enhancing sustainable growth and competitiveness of SMEs and providing support for the creation and safeguarding of jobs and support technological upgrade and modernization;

Amendment    33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  developing skills for smart specialisation, industrial transition and entrepreneurship;

(iv)  developing skills and strategies, and building capacities for smart specialisation, just transition, circular economy, social innovation, entrepreneurship, tourism sector and transition to industry 4.0;

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  'a greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management ('PO 2') by:

(b)  'a greener, low-carbon and resilient Europe for all by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management ('PO 2') by:

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  promoting energy efficiency measures;

(i)  promoting energy efficiency, savings and energy poverty measures;

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  promoting renewable energy;

(ii)  promoting sustainable renewable energy;

Amendment    37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii)  developing smart energy systems, grids and storage at local level;

(iii)  developing smart energy systems, grids and storage;

Amendment    38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention and disaster resilience;

(iv)  promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention, management of and resilience to extreme weather events and natural disasters including earthquakes, forest fires, flooding and drought, taking into account eco-system based approaches;

Amendment    39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point v

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(v)  promoting sustainable water management;

(v)  promoting universal access to water and sustainable water management;

Amendment    40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point vi

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(vi)  promoting the transition to a circular economy;

(vi)  promoting the transition to a circular economy economy and improving resource efficiency;

Amendment    41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point vi a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(vi a)  supporting regional transformation processes towards decarbonisation as well as the transition towards low-carbon energy generation

Amendment    42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point vii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(vii)  enhancing biodiversity, green infrastructure in the urban environment, and reducing pollution;

(vii)  protecting and enhancing biodiversity and natural heritage, preserving and highlighting protected natural areas, natural resources and reducing every form of pollution such as air, water, soil, noise and light pollution;

Amendment    43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point vii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(viia)  enhancing green infrastructure in functional urban areas, developing small-scale multimodal urban mobility as part of a net zero emission economy;

Amendment    44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  'a more connected Europe by enhancing mobility and regional ICT connectivity' ('PO 3') by:

(c)  'a more connected Europe for all by enhancing mobility' ('PO 3') by:

Amendment    45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  enhancing digital connectivity;

deleted

(This amendment will require consequential adjustments to Annex I and Annex II)

Amendment    46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  developing a sustainable, climate resilient, intelligent, secure and intermodal TEN-T;

(ii)  developing a climate resilient, intelligent, secure and sustainable road and railway and intermodal TEN-T and cross-border links focussing on noise reduction measures, environmentally friendly public transport and rail networks;

Amendment    47

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii)  developing sustainable, climate resilient, intelligent and intermodal national, regional and local mobility, including improved access to TEN-T and cross-border mobility;

(iii)  developing sustainable, climate resilient, intelligent and intermodal national, regional and local mobility, including improved access to TEN-T, cross-border mobility and environmentally friendly public transport networks;

Amendment    48

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  promoting sustainable multimodal urban mobility;

deleted

(This amendment will require consequential adjustments to Annex I and Annex II)

Amendment    49

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d)  'a more social Europe implementing the European Pillar of Social Rights' ('PO 4') by:

(d)  'a more social and inclusive Europe implementing the European Pillar of Social Rights’ (‘PO 4’) by:

Amendment    50

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  enhancing the effectiveness of labour markets and access to quality employment through developing social innovation and infrastructure;

(i)  enhancing the effectiveness and inclusiveness of labour markets and access to high quality employment through developing social innovation and infrastructure and promoting the social economy and innovation;

Amendment    51

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  improving access to inclusive and quality services in education, training and life long learning through developing infrastructure;

(ii)  improving equal access to inclusive and quality services in education, training and life long learning and sport through developing accessible infrastructure and services;

Amendment    52

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point ii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iia)  investment in housing, when owned by public authorities or non-profit operators for use as housing designated for low-income households or people with special needs;

Amendment    53

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii)  increasing the socioeconomic integration of marginalised communities, migrants and disadvantaged groups, through integrated measures including housing and social services;

(iii)  promoting the socioeconomic inclusion of marginalised communities and deprived communities such as Roma and disadvantage groups, through integrated actions including housing and social services;

Amendment    54

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point iii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iiia)  promoting long-term socio-economic integration of refugees and migrants under international protection through integrated actions including housing and social services by providing infrastructure support to cities and local authorities involved;

Amendment    55

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  ensuring equal access to health care through developing infrastructure, including primary care;

(iv)  ensuring equal access to health care through developing health care infrastructure and other assets, including primary care and preventive measures and advancing the transition from institutional to family- and community-based care;

Amendment    56

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point iv a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iva)  providing support for physical, economic and social regeneration in deprived communities;

Amendment    57

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  'a Europe closer to citizens by fostering the sustainable and integrated development of urban, rural and coastal areas and local initiatives' ('PO 5') by:

(e)  'a Europe closer to citizens by fostering the sustainable and integrated development of urban and all other areas and local initiatives' ('PO 5') by:

Amendment    58

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  fostering the integrated social, economic and environmental development, cultural heritage and security in urban areas;

(i)  fostering integrated and inclusive social, economic and environmental development, culture, natural heritage, sustainable tourism also through the tourist districts, sports and security in urban areas, including functional urban areas;

Amendment    59

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  fostering the integrated social, economic and environmental local development, cultural heritage and security, including for rural and coastal areas also through community-led local development.

(ii)  fostering integrated and inclusive social, economic and environmental development, culture, natural heritage, sustainable tourism also through the tourist districts, sports and security, all at local level, rural, mountain, islands and coastal regions, isolated and sparsely populated and all other areas that have difficulty accessing basic services including also on NUTS 3 level, through territorial and local development strategies, through the forms set out in points (a) (b) and (c) of Article 22 of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR].

Amendment    60

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  Enhancing small-scale multimodal urban mobility as referred to in point b (vii a) of this Article, which shall be considered eligible for support if ERDF contribution to the operation shall not exceed EUR 10 000 000.

Amendment    61

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

With regard to the specific objectives set out in paragraph 1, the ERDF or the Cohesion Fund, as appropriate, may also support activities under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, where they either:

With regard to achieving the specific objectives set out in paragraph 1, the ERDF or the Cohesion Fund may also:

Amendment    62

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  improve the capacity of programme authorities, and bodies linked to the implementation of the Funds;

(a)  improve the capacity of programme authorities, and bodies linked to the implementation of the Funds, and support public authorities, local and regional administrations responsible for implementation of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, through specific administrative capacity-building plans aimed at localising the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), simplifying procedures and cutting implementation time for actions, provided these are structural in nature and the programme itself has measurable objectives;

Amendment    63

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Support of capacity-building, referred to point (a) of this Article, may be complemented by additional support from the Reform Support Programme established under regulation EU (2018/xxx (Reform Support Programme);

Amendment    64

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Cooperation referred to in point (b) shall include cooperation with partners from cross-border regions, from non-contiguous regions or from regions located in the territory covered by a macro-regional or sea-basin strategy or a combination thereof.

Cooperation referred to in point (b) shall include cooperation with partners from cross-border regions, from non-contiguous regions or from regions located in the territory covered by a European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation, a macro-regional or sea-basin strategy or a combination thereof.

Amendment    65

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Meaningful participation of regional and local authorities, civil society organisations including beneficiaries in all stages of the preparation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the Programmes under ERDF shall be ensured in line with principles, set in the European Code of Conduct on Partnership.

Amendment    66

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall be classified, in terms of their gross national income ratio, as follows:

Regions at NUTS 2 level shall be classified, in terms of their gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, as follows:

Amendment    67

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  those with a gross national income ratio equal to or above 100 % of the EU average ('group 1');

(a)  those with a GDP per capita above 100 % of the average GDP of the EU27 ('group 1');

Amendment    68

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  those with a gross national income ratio equal to or above 75 % and below 100 % of the EU average ('group 2');

(b)  those with a GDP per capita between 75 % and 100 % of the average GDP of the EU27 ('group 2');

Amendment    69

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  those with a gross national income ratio below 75 % of the EU average ('group 3').

(c)  those with a GDP per capita less than 75 % of the average GDP of the EU27 average ('group 3').

Amendment    70

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

For the purposes of this Article, the gross national income ratio means the ratio between the gross national income per capita of a Member State, measured in purchasing power standards and calculated on the basis of Union figures for the period from 2014 to 2016, and the average gross national income per capita in purchasing power standards of the 27 Member States for that same reference period.

For the purposes of this Article, the classification of a region under one of the three categories of regions shall be determined on the basis of the ratio between the gross domestic product per capita of each region, measured in purchasing power standards (PPS) and calculated on the basis of Union figures for the period from 2014 to 2016, and the average GDP of the EU27 for that same reference period.

Amendment    71

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  Member States of group 1 shall allocate at least 85 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1 and PO 2, and at least 60 % to PO 1;

(a)  For the more developed regions category (group 1) they shall allocate

Amendment    72

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point a – point i (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

i)  at least 50 % of total ERDF resources at national level to PO 1; and

Amendment    73

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point a – point ii (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

ii)  at least 30 % of total ERDF resources at national level to PO 2.

Amendment    74

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  Member States of group 2 shall allocate at least 45 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 30 % to PO 2;

(b)  For the transition regions category (group 2) they shall allocate:

Amendment    75

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point b – point i (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

i)  at least 40 % of total ERDF resources at national level to PO 1 and

Amendment    76

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point b – point ii (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

ii)  at least 30 % of total ERDF resources at national level to PO 2.

Amendment    77

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  Member States of group 3 shall allocate at least 35 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 30 % to PO 2.

(c)  For the less developed regions category (group 3) they shall allocate:

Amendment    78

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point c – point i (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

i)  at least 30 % of total ERDF resources at national level to PO 1 and

Amendment    79

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point c – point ii (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

ii)  at least 30 % of total ERDF resources at national level to PO 2.

Amendment    80

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a.  In duly duly justified cases, the Member State concerned may request that the concentration level for resources at regional category level be decreased by no more than 5 percentage points, or 10 percentage points in the cases of outermost regions, for the thematic objective determined in accordance with Article 3(4)(a)(i), Article 3(4)(b)(i) and Article 3(4)(c)(i) [new ERDF-Cohesion Fund].

Amendment    81

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 6

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

6.  Where the ERDF allocation with regard to PO 1 or PO 2 or both of a given programme is reduced following a decommitment under Article [99] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR], or due to financial corrections by the Commission in accordance with Article [98] of that Regulation, compliance with the thematic concentration requirement set out in paragraph 4 shall not be re-assessed.

6.  Where the ERDF allocation concerning PO 1 or PO 2, the main policy objectives, or both of a given programme is reduced following a decommitment under Article [99] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR], or due to financial corrections by the Commission in accordance with Article [98] of that Regulation, compliance with the thematic concentration requirement set out in paragraph 4 shall not be re-assessed.

Amendment    82

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

6a.  Resources allocated to PO5 that contribute to PO1 and PO2, shall be calculated as contributing to thematic concentration requirements. The contribution to PO1 and PO2 shall be duly justified based on a substantiated assessment.

Amendment    83

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point a a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa)  investments in research, development and innovation (R&D&I);

Amendment    84

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  productive investments in SMEs;

(c)  productive investments and investments which help to safeguard existing jobs and create new jobs in SMEs and any support in SMEs in the form of grants and financial instruments;

Amendment    85

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

In addition, productive investments in enterprises other than SMEs can be supported when they involve cooperation with SMEs in research and innovation activities supported under point (a)(i) of Article 2 (1).

Productive investments in enterprises other than SMEs can be supported when they involve cooperation with SMEs or business infrastructure that benefits SMEs.

Amendment    86

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

In addition, productive investments in SMEs can also be supported in research and innovation activities supported under point (a)(i) of Article 2 (1).

Amendment    87

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

In order to contribute to the specific objective under PO 1 set out in point (a) (iv) of Article 2(1), the ERDF shall also support training, life long learning and education activities.

In order to contribute to the specific objective under PO 1 set out in point (a) (iv) of Article 2(1), the ERDF shall also support training, mentoring, life long learning, reskilling and education activities.

Amendment    88

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  investments in the environment, including investments related to sustainable development and energy presenting environmental benefits;

(a)  investments in the environment, including investments related to circular economy, sustainable development and renewable energy presenting environmental benefits;

Amendment    89

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  investments in TEN-T;

(b)  investments in TEN-T core and comprehensive network;

Amendment    90

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  technical assistance.

(c)  technical assistance, including improvement and development of administrative skills and competences of local authorities in managing these funds.

Amendment    91

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca)  information, communication, studies, networking, cooperation, exchange of experience and activities involving clusters;

Amendment    92

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall ensure an appropriate balance between investments under points (a) and (b).

Member States shall ensure an appropriate balance between investments under points (a) and (b), based on the investments and specific requirements of each Member State.

Amendment    93

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The amount of the Cohesion Fund transferred to the Connecting Europe Facility23 shall be used for TEN-T projects.

2.  The amount of the Cohesion Fund transferred to the Connecting Europe Facility23 shall be proportional and shall be used for TEN-T projects.

_________________

_________________

23 Reference

23 Reference

Amendment    94

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  investment in airport infrastructure except for outermost regions;

(e)  investment in new regional airport and in airport infrastructure, except for:

Amendment    95

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea)  investment related to outermost regions;

Amendment    96

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point e b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(eb)  support linked to core TEN-T networks;

Amendment    97

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point e c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ec)  Investment related to emvironmental protection and aimed to mitigate or reduce its negative environmental impact.

Amendment    98

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point f

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f)  investment in disposal of waste in landfill;

(f)  investment in disposal of waste in landfill, except in the outermost regions and for support for decommissioning, reconverting or making safe existing facilities and without prejudice to Article 4(2) of Directive (EU) 2008/98 of the European Parliament and of the Council1;

 

____________

 

1 Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives (OJ L 312, 22.11.2008, p. 3).

Amendment    99

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point g

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g)  investment in facilities for the treatment of residual waste;

(g)  investment in facilities for the treatment of residual waste with the exception of outermost regions and in case of state-of-the-art recycling solutions in line with the principles of the circular economy and the waste hierarchy fully respecting the targets laid down in Art 11(2) of Directive (EU) 2008/98 and provided that Member States have established their waste management plans according to Art. 29 of Directive (EU) 2018/851. Residual waste should be understood as primarily non separately collected municipal waste and rejects from waste treatment;

Amendment    100

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point h

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(h)  investment related to production, processing, distribution, storage or combustion of fossil fuels, with the exception of investment related to clean vehicles as defined in Article 4 of Directive 2009/33/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council26 ;

(h)  investment related to production, processing, transport, distribution, storage or combustion of fossil fuels, with the exception of investment:

 

(ha)  related to clean vehicles as defined in Article 4 of Directive 2009/33/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council26

 

(hb)  related to low carbon high efficiency co-generation and efficient district heating systems;

 

(hc)  providing substantial contribution to a net-zero emission economy;

 

(hd)  related to achieving the targets laid out in the Directive (EU) 2018/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 amending Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency and the Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources;

__________________

__________________

26 Directive 2009/33/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles (OJ L 120, 15.5.2009, p. 5).

26 Directive 2009/33/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles (OJ L 120, 15.5.2009, p. 5).

Amendment    101

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  The exceptions mentioned in point b of this paragraph h shall be limited to an amount up to 1 % of the total ERDF-CF resources at national level.

Amendment    102

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  investment in broadband infrastructure in areas in which there are at least two broadband networks of equivalent category;

deleted

Amendment    103

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point j

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(j)  funding for the purchase of rolling stock for use in rail transport, except if it is linked to the:

deleted

(i)  discharge of a publicly tendered public service obligation under Regulation 1370/2007 as amended;

 

(ii)  provision of rail transport services on lines fully opened to competition, and the beneficiary is a new entrant eligible for funding under Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [Invest EU regulation].

 

Amendment    104

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point j a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ja)  investments in the construction of institutional care facilities that segregate or infringe on personal choice and independence;

Amendment    105

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  In addition, the Cohesion Fund shall not support investment in housing unless related to the promotion of energy efficiency or renewable energy use.

2.  In addition, the Cohesion Fund shall not support investment in housing unless related to the promotion of energy and resource efficiency or renewable energy use and accessible living conditions for older people and persons with disabilities and seismic retrofitting.

Amendment    106

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 6 a

 

Partnership

 

1.  Each Member State shall ensure the meaningful and inclusive participation of social partners, civil society organisations and service users in the management, programming, delivery, monitoring and evaluation of activities and policies supported by the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund under shared management, according to Article 6 of the proposed CPR Regulation “Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 240/2014.

Amendment    107

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  Common output and result indicators, as set out in the Annex I with regard to the ERDF and to the Cohesion Fund, and, where necessary, programme-specific output and result indicators shall be used in accordance with point (a) of the second subparagraph of Article [12(1)], point (d)(ii) of Article [17(3)] and point (b) of Article [37(2)] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR].

1.  Common output and result indicators, as set out and defined in the Annex I with regard to the ERDF and to the Cohesion Fund, and, where relevant, programme-specific output and result indicators shall be used in accordance with point (a) of the second subparagraph of Article [12(1)], point (d)(ii) of Article [17(3)] and point (b) of Article [37(2)] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR].

Amendment    108

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a.  Member States may make a duly justified request for further flexibility within the current framework of Stability and Growth Pact for the public or equivalent structural expenditure, supported by the public administration by way of co-financing of investments activated as part of ERDF and CF. When defining the fiscal adjustment under either the preventive or the corrective arm of the Stability and Growth Pact, the Commission shall carefully assess this request in a manner reflecting the strategic importance of investments co-financed by the ERDF and CF.

Amendment    109

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The ERDF may support integrated territorial development within programmes under both goals referred to in Article 4(2) of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR] in accordance with Chapter II of Title III of that Regulation[new CPR].

1.  The ERDF shall support integrated territorial development within programmes under both goals referred to in Article 4(2) of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR] in accordance with Chapter II of Title III of that Regulation[new CPR].

Amendment    110

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a.  At least 5% of the ERDF resources available at national level under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, other than for technical assistance, shall be allocated to integrated territorial development in non-urban areas with natural, geographic or demographic handicaps or disadvantages or which have difficulty accessing basic services. Out of this amount, at least 17,5 % shall be allocated to rural areas and communities taking into account provisions of a Smart Villages Pact to develop projects such as smart villages.

Amendment    111

Proposal for a regulation

Article 8 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  Member States shall implement integrated territorial development, supported by the ERDF, exclusively through the forms referred to in Article [22] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR].

2.  Member States shall implement integrated territorial development, through a specific axis or programme or through the other forms referred to in Article [22] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR], and may benefit from a multifund and integrated approach involving the ERDF, ESF+, EMFF and EAFRD.

Amendment    112

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The ERDF shall support integrated territorial development based on territorial strategies in accordance with Article [23] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR] focused on urban areas ('sustainable urban development') within programmes under both goals referred to in Article 4(2) of that Regulation.

1.  To address economic, environmental, climate, demographic and social challenges, the ERDF shall support integrated territorial development based on territorial strategies in accordance with Article [23] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR], which may also benefit from a multifund and integrated approach involving the ERDF and the ESF+, and focused on functional urban areas ('sustainable urban development') within programmes under both goals referred to in Article 4(2) of that Regulation.

Amendment    113

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

At least 6% of the ERDF resources at national level under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, other than for technical assistance, shall be allocated to sustainable urban development in the form of community-led local development, integrated territorial investments or another territorial tool under PO5.

At least 10% of the ERDF resources at national level under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, other than for technical assistance, shall be allocated to sustainable urban development in the form of a specific programme, a specific priority axis, community-led local development, integrated territorial investments or other territorial tools, as set out in point (c) of Article 22 of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx (new CPR). The ‘urban authorities’ referred to in Article 6 of Regulation (EU) 2018/XXXX [new CPR] shall be empowered to choose the measures and projects involved. Operations carried out under POs other than PO5 may, if consistent, contribute to reaching the 10% minimum threshold for sustainable urban development. Investments made under PO5 (i) should count as contributing to this earmarking of 10%, as well as operations carried out under other POs, if consistent with sustainable urban development.

Amendment    114

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

This initiative shall cover all urban areas and shall support the Urban Agenda of the Union.

This initiative shall cover all functional urban areas and shall support the partnerships and organisational costs of the Urban Agenda of the Union. Local authorities should be actively involved in establishing and implementing the European Urban Initiative.

Amendment    115

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  support of capacity-building;

(a)  support of capacity-building, including actions of exchange for regional and local representatives at subnational level;

Amendment    116

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  support of innovative actions;

(b)  support of innovative actions which may receive additional co-funding for regulation (EU) 2018/xxx (European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development) and be provided jointly with the European Network for Rural Development in particular with regard to rural and urban links and projects supporting the development of urban and functional urban areas;

Amendment    117

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  support of knowledge, policy development and communication.

(c)  support of knowledge, territorial impact assessments, policy development and communication.

Amendment    118

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Upon request from one or more Member States, the European Urban Initiative may also support inter-governmental cooperation on urban matters.

Upon request from one or more Member States, the European Urban Initiative may also support inter-governmental cooperation on urban matters such as the reference framework on sustainable cities, the territorial agenda of the European Union and the adjustment of the UN Sustainable Development Goals to the local level circumstances.

Amendment    119

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

The Commission shall submit an annual report to the European Parliament on developments in connection with the European Urban Initiative.

Amendment    120

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 10 a

 

Areas facing natural or demographic handicaps and challenges

 

1.  In programmes that are co-funded by the ERDF and cover areas facing severe and permanent natural or demographic handicaps and challenges such as those referred to in Article 174 TFEU, special attention shall be paid to addressing the challenges faced by those areas.

 

In particular, NUTS level 3 areas or clusters of local administrative units (LAUs) with a population density of below 12.5 inhabitants per km2 for sparsely populated areas or below 8 inhabitants per km2 for very sparsely populated areas, or with an average population decrease of more than1% between 2007 and 2017 shall be subject to specific regional and national plans to enhance attractiveness, increase business investment and boost the accessibility of digital and public services, including a fund in the cooperation agreement. A dedicated funding may be earmarked in the Partnership Agreement.

Amendment    121

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The specific additional allocation for the outermost regions shall be used to offset the additional costs incurred in these regions as a result of one or several of the permanent restraints to their development listed in Article 349 of the TFEU.

1.  Article 3 shall not apply to the specific additional allocation for the outermost regions. This specific additional allocation for the outermost regions shall be used to offset the additional costs incurred in these regions as a result of one or several of the permanent restraints to their development listed in Article 349 of the TFEU.

Amendment    122

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a.  By way of derogation from Article 4(1), the ERDF may support productive investment in enterprises in the outermost regions, irrespective of their size.

Amendment    123

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 7(4) shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from the date of the entry into force of this Regulation.

2.  The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 7(4) shall be conferred on the Commission from the date of the entry into force of this Regulation until 31 December 2027.

Amendment    124

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 13a

 

Repeal

 

Without prejudice to Article 12 of this Regulation, Regulations (EC) No 1301/2013 and (EC) No 1300/2013 are repealed with effect from 1 January 2021.

Amendment    125

Proposal for a regulation

Article 13 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 13b

 

Review

 

The European Parliament and the Council shall review this Regulation by 31 December 2027, in accordance with Article 177 TFEU.

Amendment    126

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 1 – Column 1– title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.   A smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation

1.   A smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation regional connectivity in the area of technologies, developing the information and communication technologies (ICT), connectivity and efficient public administration' ('PO 1') by:

Amendment    127

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 1 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO -01 (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO -01 - Regional average income

Amendment    128

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 1 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 10a - Enterprises supported to transform their products and services into circular economy

Amendment    129

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 1 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 14 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 14a - Additional socio-economic hubs with broadband access of very high capacity

Amendment    130

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 1 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCR 14 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR 14b - Socio-economis hubs with broadband subscriptions to a very high capacity network

Amendment    131

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 1 – Column 2 – Results – RCR -01 (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR -01 - Increase of regional income ratio as defined in Article 3(3)

Amendment    132

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 1 – Column 2 – Results – RCR 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCR 14 - Enterprises using public digital services*

RCR 14 - Users of public digital services*

Amendment    133

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Column 1 – Policy objective 2 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  A greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management

2.  A greener, low-carbon and resilient Europe for all by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management

Amendment    134

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 18 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 18a - The percentage of annual energy savings for the entire building stock (compared to a baseline) in line with the objective of reaching a high-efficient and decarbonised building stock as included in the national long term renovation strategy to support renovation of the national stock of residential and non-residential buildings

Amendment    135

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 18 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 18b - Households with improved energy performance of their dwellings, reaching at least 60% energy savings

Amendment    136

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 18 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 18c - Households with improved energy performance of their dwellings, reaching Nearly Zero Energy Buildings (nZEB) standard level after renovation

Amendment    137

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCO 19 ‐ Public buildings supported to improve energy performance

RCO 19 – Buildings supported to improve energy performance (of which: residential, private non‐residential, public non‐residential)

Amendment    138

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 19 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 19b - Number of energy poor/vulnerable consumers supported to improve the energy performance of their dwelling

Amendment    139

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RC0 20 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 20a – Buildings supported to improve their smart readiness

Amendment    140

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 22 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 22a - Total final renewable energy consumption and consumption per sector (heating and cooling, transport, electricity)

Amendment    141

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 22 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 22b - Share of total renewable energy produced

Amendment    142

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 22 c (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 22c - Reduction of annual import of non-renewable energy

Amendment    143

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 97a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 97a - Share of renewable self-consumers in the total electricity capacity installed

Amendment    144

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 98a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 98a - Support transitional period regions effected by decarbonisation

Amendment    145

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 24

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCO 24 - New or upgraded disaster monitoring, preparedness, warning and response systems*

RCO 24 - New or upgraded monitoring, preparedness, warning and response systems for natural disasters such as earthquakes, forest fires, floods or droughts*

Amendment    146

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 28

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCO 28 - Areas covered by protection measures against forest fires

RCO 28 - Areas covered by protection measures against forest fires, earthquakes, floods or droughts

Amendment    147

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 32a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 32a - Total fossil fuels replaced by low-emmission energy sources

Amendment    148

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 34

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCO 34 - Additional capacity for waste recycling

RCO 34 - Additional capacity for waste prevention and recycling

Amendment    149

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 3 – Results – RCO 34a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCO 34a – Number of converted jobs

Amendment    150

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Column 3 – Results – RCR 27

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCR 27 Households with improved energy performance of their dwellings

RCR 27 Households with improved energy performance of their dwellings reaching at least 60 % energy savings

Amendment    151

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Column 3 – Results – RCR 28 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR 28 a Buildings with improved energy performances resulting from contractual arrangements which guarantee verifiable energy savings and improved efficiency, such as energy performance contracting as defined in point (27) of Article 2 of Directive 2012/27/EU1a

 

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1a Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC (OJ L 315, 14.11.2012, p. 1).

Amendment    152

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 3 – Results – RCR 30 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR 30a – Buildings with improved smart readiness

Amendment    153

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 3 – Results – RCR -43

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCR 43 - Water losses

 

RCR 43 - Reduction of water losses

Amendment    154

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 3 – Results – RCR -46 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR -46a – Waste generation per capita

Amendment    155

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 3 – Results – RCR -46 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR -46b – Per capita waste sent to disposal and energy recovery

Amendment    156

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 3 – Results – RCR -47 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR -47a – Biowaste recycled

Amendment    157

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 3 – Results – RCR 48 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR 48a – Population served by waste preparing for re-use facilities

Amendment    158

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 3 – Results – RCR 48 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR 48b – Circular material use rate

Amendment    159

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 3 – Results – RCR 49

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCR 49 - Waste recovered

RCR 49 - Waste reused

Amendment    160

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Column 3 – Results – RCR 49 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR 49a – Waste prepared for re-use

Amendment    161

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Policy objective 3 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.   A more connected Europe by enhancing mobility and regional ICT connectivity

3.   A more connected Europe for all by enhancing mobility

Amendment    162

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 3 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 43

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCO 43 - Length of new roads supported - TEN-T1

RCO 43 - Length of new roads supported - TEN-T1 (core and comprehensive networks)

______________

________________

1 Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on Union guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network and repealing Decision No 661/2010/EU (OJ L 348, 20.12.2013, p. 1).

1 Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on Union guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network and repealing Decision No 661/2010/EU (OJ L 348, 20.12.2013, p. 1).

Amendment    163

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 3 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 45

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCO 45 - Length of roads reconstructed or upgraded - TEN-T

RCO 45 - Length of roads reconstructed or upgraded - TEN-T (core and comprehensive networks)

Amendment    164

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 3 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 47

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCO 47 - Length of new rail supported - TEN-T3

RCO 47 - Length of new rail supported - TEN-T3 (core and comprehensive networks)

Amendment    165

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 3 – Column 2 – Outputs – RCO 49

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCO 49 - Length of rail reconstructed or upgraded - TEN-T4

RCO 49 - Length of rail reconstructed or upgraded - TEN-T4 (core and comprehensive networks)

Amendment    166

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 3 – Column 3 – Results – RCR - 55 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR -55a - Ratio of completion of the TEN-T corridor on the national territory

Amendment    167

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 3 – Column 3 – Results – RCR - 57 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR -57a - Ratio of completion of the TEN-T corridor on the national territory

Amendment    168

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 1 – Column 1– title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  A more social Europe implementing the European Pillar of Social Rights

4.  A more social and inclusive Europe implementing the European Pillar of Social Rights

Amendment    169

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 3 – Column 3 – Results – RCR -68 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR -68a - Members of marginalised communities and disadvantaged groups through integrated actions including housing and social services (other than Roma)

Amendment    170

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 3 – Column 3 – Results – RCR -68 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

RCR -68b - Members of marginalised communities and disadvantaged groups through integrated actions including housing and social services (Roma)

Amendment    171

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 1 – Column 1 – Title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  A Europe closer to citizens by fostering the sustainable and integrated development of urban, rural and coastal areas and local initiatives

5.  A Europe closer to citizens by fostering the sustainable and integrated development of urban and all other areas and local initiatives

Amendment    172

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Column 1 – Policy objective 1 – Title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  A smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation

1.  A smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation regional connectivity in the area of technologies, developing the information and communication technologies (ICT), connectivity and efficient public administration' by:

Amendment    173

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Policy objective 1 – Column 3 – Outputs – CCO -01 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

CCO -01a - Enterprises supported for sustainable economical activity

Amendment    174

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Policy objective 1 – Column 3 – Outputs – CCO 04

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

CCO 04 - SMEs supported to create jobs and growth

CCO 04 - SMEs supported to create jobs and sustainable growth

Amendment    175

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Policy objective 1 – Column 4 – Results – CCR -01 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

CCR -01a - Increase of regional income ratio

Amendment    176

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Column 1 – Policy objective 2 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.   A greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management

2.   A greener, low-carbon and resilient Europe for all by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the (circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management

Amendment    177

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Policy objective 2 – Column 3 – Outputs – CCO 08 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

CCO 08a - Development of new enterprises

Amendment    178

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Policy objective 2 – Column 3 – Outputs – CCO 09 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

CCO 09a - Increased climate change adaptation, increased natural disasters risk prevention and better resilience to disasters and extreme weather events

Amendment    179

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Policy objective 2 – Column 4 – Results – CCR 07 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

CCR 07a - Number of jobs created

Amendment    180

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Policy objective 3 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. A more connected Europe by enhancing mobility and regional ICT connectivity

3. A more connected Europe for all by enhancing mobility

Amendment    181

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Policy objective 3 – Column 3 – Outputs – CCO 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

CCO 14 – Road TEN-T: New and upgraded roads

CCO 14 – Road TEN-T: New and upgraded roads and bridges

Amendment    182

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Policy objective 3 – Column 4 – Results – CCR 13

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

CCR 13 - Time savings due to improved road infrastructure

CCR 13 - Time savings due to improved road and bridge infrastructure

Amendment    183

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Policy objective 4 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  A more social Europe implementing the European Pillar of Social Rights

4.  A more social and inclusive Europe implementing the European Pillar of Social Rights

Amendment    184

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – Policy objective 5 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5.  A Europe closer to citizens by fostering the sustainable and integrated development of urban, rural and coastal areas and local initiatives

5.  A Europe closer to citizens by fostering the sustainable and integrated development of urban and all other areas

(1)

  OJ C 62, 15.2.2019, p. 90.

(2)

  Not yet published in the Official Journal.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

A. Introduction

The European Union finds its origin in the concept of peaceful cooperation between different peoples and nations in order to promote economic, social and territorial cohesion and solidarity between the different regions.

These goals have to be pursued through cohesion policy, the main policy for EU investment in growth and employment in order to reduce regional disparities and help close the gap between the EU’s citizens and regions and the European project.

The economic crises created distortions that have made these tasks more difficult in that inequalities between regions have increased, despite inequalities between Member States decreasing during the same period. This is why neither EU nor national budget obligations, nor the repercussions of Brexit, must be allowed to weaken cohesion policy in any way or distort its aims.

The new cohesion policy has to draw on lessons from past experience in order to better meet today’s challenges. It must have a budget that is adequate. Old and new challenges, such as climate change, the social repercussions of the economic crisis and demographic changes, mean that cohesion policy now has more tasks and more investment objectives in all the EU regions. Excessive centralisation must be avoided as this would jeopardise its territorial dimension.

B. Rapporteur’s overall objectives

After the not entirely positive experiences of the current programming period, it will be important to ensure that cohesion policy gets off to a prompt start after 2020, so specific initiatives can be started in time in all the Member States and regions.

The rapporteur welcomes the Commission’s work on simplification, but would however like to point out that simplification should not be applied to the principles or the goals, but to cutting bureaucracy and the costs weighing down on regions and citizens. The rapporteur regrets, and has therefore sought to rectify, the fact that the oft cited synergies between the ESI funds are being lost, particularly in regard to the new social fund (ESF+).

The rapporteur’s aim is to strengthen these synergies to ensure that approaches taken to the main challenges in the field continue to be integrated and complementary, particularly with regard to the territorial approach and the approach for a more social Europe.

The rapporteur recognises too that cohesion policy and macroeconomic policies are interdependent. However this link must not be to the detriment of the territorial dimension; on the contrary, it should create a new and constructive approach, based on in-depth restructuring of the aims of the country-specific recommendations and, more generally, of the European Semester itself. This is the only way in which this relationship would cease to be a case of one policy (cohesion policy) at the service of another (macroeconomic policy), and become complementary instead, bringing advantages for both policies and, especially, for citizens. A form of economic governance, therefore, that optimises the understanding of regional diversity in the requirements and challenges of economic, social and institutional development, and which enables support policies to be restructured. At the same time, macroeconomic conditionality is not useful in any form.

More generally and concerning the future of cohesion policy, the rapporteur considers that the levels of co-financing take on an essential role in the architecture of the funds. Increasing co-financing – from the Commission’s point of view – makes Member States ‘aware of their responsibility’, but it also guarantees that more resources are available and that reducing EU resources has less impact. Even if all this is true, and fair, placing these Member States in a position where they are able to use these resources without creating conflicts with other EU provisions is a duty. This is very controversial but it is a trap that must be avoided, including by promoting original and courageous solutions.

C. Rapporteur’s main amendments

The rapporteur believes Article 174 TFEU needs to be quoted to highlight the territorial and regional dimension of actions under EU cohesion policy.

Article 2 of the Proposal sets out the specific objectives for the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, dividing them into five macro-areas: a Europe that is smarter, greener, more connected, more social and closer to citizens. These are in turn broken down into 21 support sectors that are much vaguer and far less detailed that those in the current programming period. The five new areas draw the previous 11 investment priorities together and simplify them. The Commission’s proposal for the 2014-2020 programming period is not as firmly defined, leaving margins for discretion in the choice of measures to be taken at Member State level. Although the list was reasonably inclusive it was still necessary to intervene, in particular to make measures on natural heritage, zero-emissions urban mobility and sustainable tourism more possible.

Article 3 of the Proposal considers the concentration criteria for the thematic objectives, shifting their classification from a regional level tied in to per capita GDP to a national level tied in to gross national income. This approach, in the rapporteur’s opinion, opens up a political debate on the real consequences of a possible centralisation and on the effects this could have for EU regions. The rapporteur is particularly concerned by the effects a fairly inflexible thematic concentration at national level could have on the territorial re-allocation of support, especially for bigger countries and those with federal administrative structures (which, inter alia, also figure among the countries that benefit most from the funds), as well as for more complex, fragmented national economies with higher rates of territorial inequality. The rapporteur feels that fund management should consider the territorial, economic and social specificities of the beneficiaries of cohesion policy first of all, starting with the regions. He is of the opinion that Article 3 contains a great deal of room for manoeuvre in regard to assessment and support, with the specific objective of turning cohesion policy into an instrument that is genuinely there for Member States and local authorities to use in tackling the challenges being thrown up by current changes.

The rapporteur considers, therefore, that thematic concentrative must be re-established at the level of categories of regions and not, as proposed by the Commission, at Member State level, because the latter would produce excessive centralisation without, on the other hand, guaranteeing the hoped-for flexibility. Furthermore, the rapporteur agrees with the minimum reserve to be concentrated on PO 1 and PO 2 (a greener Europe), but considers that PO 2 should also be extended to the more developed regions group. Finally, to ensure a real margin with sufficient flexibility, the rapporteur has seen fit to introduce a cross-cutting criterion enabling Member States, where this is sufficiently backed up by data in the requirements analysis, to request additional flexibility regarding the percentage allocated to PO 1 (up to 5 percentage points, and up to 10 percentage points for outermost regions) at regional category level, once again with a view to better meeting the requirements of citizens and the economy.

Articles 4 and 5 establish the scope of support from the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, which includes: investments in infrastructure, investments in access to services, productive investments in SMEs, investments related to sustainable development and energy presenting environmental benefits, and technical assistance. Technical assistance is defined in Article 31 of the Proposal for a ‘CPR’ regulation (on the percentage of the funds reimbursed for technical assistance) and in Article 32 thereof (possibility for Member States to undertake additional technical assistance actions to reinforce the capacity of Member State authorities and beneficiaries for the effective administration and use of the Funds). The rapporteur considers that while Article 31 changes the way traditional technical assistance for programmes is understood to reimbursement on a percentage basis as the programmes progress, Article 32 opens an important window on the close links between Structural Fund programming and the development, improvement and optimisation of local public authorities.

The rapporteur therefore considers it vital to insert a clear reference into Articles 4 and 5 stressing the importance of these funds being used to strengthen public authorities. It is necessary to move beyond a system which, faced with a huge expense for ‘external’ technical assistance, only ensures structural weaknesses in public authorities are addressed but does not, at the same time, provide for measures that can make sure said weaknesses no longer occur. The rapporteur has, therefore, reintroduced strengthening public authorities’ capacities as a cross-cutting objective, particularly in relation to how accessible services are for citizens and the efficiency of the answers provided. The rapporteur felt that the Commission’s proposal in this regard did not go far enough and was even lacking at some points, and has included this so that actions started during the 2014-2020 programming period are not interrupted.

Article 6 of the Proposal, concerning sectors excluded from ERDF support, needs greater thought. The list is much longer than previously, a fact justified by saying this is intended to reduce areas of uncertainty. Nevertheless some doubts remain, particularly in the field of investments in landfill waste disposal, where support for decommissioning, reconversion and making safe facilities no longer in use needs to be preserved. At the same time, a precise definition of ‘residual waste’ is needed, in order to define better the scope of exclusion from financing and to avoid, in particular, contradicting the Waste and Energy Directives. The exclusion of airport infrastructure and rolling stock purchases is equally controversial.

Articles 8 and 9 are particularly relevant to the question of the relationship between cohesion policy and the regions. In the first place, the rapporteur has chosen to stress that Article 8 is intended to benefit ‘non-urban’ areas, believing that, as for urban areas, provision needs to be made for a minimum reserve (at least 5%) to be allocated to support and develop those areas which, in part because of the crisis, are facing problems of impoverishment (material and immaterial, in goods and services) and falling population numbers. The figures show that targeted ad hoc measures are urgently needed to help stop the current downwards spiral.

Sustainable urban development (Article 9) is equally important and even with the success achieved in the current programming period, resources for this form of local development need to be increased and the category of instruments that can be used expanded. In particular, both for Article 8 and for Article 9, reintroduction of the possibility of integrated support co-financed through the ERDF/Cohesion Fund and the ESF+ is considered essential.

The aim of these and other amendments by the rapporteur is to ensure both now and for the future that cohesion policy continues to reduce inequalities and contribute to a Europe that is more social, more attentive and closer to its own regions, citizens, enterprises and young people.


OPINION of the Committee on Budgets (11.12.2018)

for the Committee on Regional Development

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund

(COM(2018)0372 – C8‑0227/2018 – 2018/0197(COD))

Rapporteur for opinion: Jan Olbrycht

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Budgets calls on the Committee on Regional Development, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2a)  The ERDF and the Cohesion Fund (CF) should help finance support to strengthen economic, social and territorial cohesion, eliminating the main disparities and correcting regional imbalances within the Union, and reducing the backwardness of the least favoured regions, through sustainable development and structural adjustment of regional economies.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)  Regulation (EU) 2018/XXX of the European Parliament and of the Council [new CPR]16 sets out common rules applicable to various funds including the European Regional Development Fund ('ERDF'), the European Social Fund Plus ('ESF+'), the Cohesion Fund, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund ('EMFF'), the Asylum and Migration Fund ('AMIF'), the Internal Security Fund ('ISF') and the Border Management and Visa Instrument ('BMVI') which operate under a common framework ('the Funds').

(3)  Regulation (EU) 2018/XXX of the European Parliament and of the Council [new CPR]16 sets out common rules applicable to various funds including the European Regional Development Fund ('ERDF'), the European Social Fund Plus ('ESF+'), the Cohesion Fund, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (‘EAFRD’), the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund ('EMFF'), the Asylum and Migration Fund ('AMIF'), the Internal Security Fund ('ISF') and the Border Management and Visa Instrument ('BMVI') which operate under a common framework ('the Funds').

__________________

__________________

16 [Full reference - new CPR].

16 [Full reference - new CPR].

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  Horizontal principles as set out in Article 3 of the Treaty on European Union ('TEU') and in Article 10 of the TFEU, including principles of subsidiarity and proportionality as set out in Article 5 of the TEU, should be respected in the implementation of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, taking into account the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Member States should also respect the obligations of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and ensure accessibility in line with its article 9 and in accordance with the Union law harmonising accessibility requirements for products and services. Member States and the Commission should aim at eliminating inequalities and at promoting equality between men and women and integrating the gender perspective, as well as at combating discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. The Funds should not support actions that contribute to any form of segregation. The objectives of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should be pursued in the framework of sustainable development and the Union's promotion of the aim of preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment as set out in Articles 11 and 191(1) of the TFEU, taking into account the polluter pays principle. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, operations benefitting undertakings shall comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

(5)  Horizontal principles as set out in Article 3 of the Treaty on European Union ('TEU') and in Article 10 of the TFEU, including principles of subsidiarity and proportionality as set out in Article 5 of the TEU, should be respected in the implementation of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, taking into account the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Member States should also respect the obligations of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and ensure accessibility in line with its article 9 and in accordance with the Union law harmonising accessibility requirements for products and services. Member States and the Commission should aim at eliminating inequalities and at promoting equality between men and women and integrating the gender mainstreaming and gender equality, as well as at combating discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. The Funds should not support actions that contribute to any form of segregation. The objectives of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should be pursued in the framework of sustainable development and the Union's promotion of the aim of preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment as set out in Articles 11 and 191(1) of the TFEU, taking into account the polluter pays principle. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, operations benefitting undertakings shall comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(15)  In order to enable the ERDF to provide support under ETC/Interreg in terms of both investments in infrastructure and the associated investments, training and integration activities, it is necessary to provide that the ERDF may also provide support for activities under the specific objectives of the ESF+, set up under Regulation (EU) 2018/XXX of the European Parliament and of the Council [new ESF+]18.

(15)  In order to enable the ERDF to provide support under ETC/Interreg in terms of both investments in infrastructure and the associated investments, training and integration activities, for the improvement and development of administrative skills and competences, it is necessary to provide that the ERDF may also provide support for activities under the specific objectives of the ESF+, set up under Regulation (EU) 2018/XXX of the European Parliament and of the Council [new ESF+]18.

__________________

__________________

18 [Full reference - new ESF+].

18 [Full reference - new ESF+].

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17)  The ERDF should help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union and to reduce disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions including those facing challenges due to the decarbonisation commitments. ERDF support under the Investment for jobs and growth goal should therefore be concentrated on key Union priorities in line with policy objectives laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/xxx [new CPR]. Therefore support from the ERDF should be concentrated on the policy objectives of 'a smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation' and 'a greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management'. That thematic concentration should be attained at national level while allowing for flexibility at the level of individual programmes and between the three groups of Member States formed according to respective gross national income. In addition, the methodology to classify Member States should be set out in detail taking into account the specific situation of the outermost regions.

(17)  The ERDF should help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union and to reduce disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured and less developed regions including those facing challenges due to the decarbonisation commitments. ERDF support under the Investment for jobs and growth goal should therefore be concentrated on key Union priorities in line with policy objectives laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/xxx [new CPR]. Therefore support from the ERDF should be concentrated on the policy objectives of 'a smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation' and 'a greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management'. Said thematic concentration should be attained at national level, allowing margins for flexibility at the level of individual programmes and between various categories of regions, taking account too of different levels of development. In addition, the methodology to classify the regions should be set out in detail taking into account the specific situation of the outermost regions.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)  This Regulation should set out the different types of activities the costs of which may be supported by means of investments from the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, under their respective objectives as set out in the TFEU. The Cohesion Fund should be able to support investments in the environment and in TEN-T. With regard to the ERDF, the list of activities should be simplified and it should be able to support investments in infrastructure, investments in relation to access to services, productive investments in SME's, equipment, software and intangible assets, as well as measures with regard to information, communication, studies, networking, cooperation, exchange of experiences and activities involving clusters. In order to support the programme implementation, both funds should also be able to support technical assistance activities. Finally, in order to support provide for a broader range of interventions for Interreg programmes, the scope should be enlarged to also include the sharing a broad range of facilities and human resources and costs linked to measures within the scope of the ESF+.

(19)  This Regulation should set out the different types of activities the costs of which may be supported by means of investments from the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, under their respective objectives as set out in the TFEU. The Cohesion Fund should be able to support investments in the environment and in TEN-T. With regard to the ERDF, the list of activities should be simplified and it should be able to support investments in infrastructure, investments in relation to access to services, productive investments in SME's, equipment, software and intangible assets, as well as measures with regard to information, communication, studies, networking, cooperation, exchange of experiences and activities involving clusters. In order to support the programme implementation, both funds should also be able to support technical assistance activities including for the improvement and development of administrative skills and competences. Finally, in order to support provide for a broader range of interventions for Interreg programmes, the scope should be enlarged to also include the sharing a broad range of facilities and human resources and costs linked to measures within the scope of the ESF+.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point iv a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iva)  enhancing digital connectivity;

Justification

It is important to shift the specific objective ‘Enhancing digital connectivity’ from PO3 to PO1 in order to effectively achieve innovation and smart economic transformation.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point iv b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ivb)  strengthening cyber security.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point vii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(viia)  promoting sustainable multimodal urban mobility;

Justification

Shifting the objective ‘Promoting sustainable multimodal urban mobility’ from PO3 to PO2 will help getting greener European towns and cities. This is a major step in the way to climate adaptation in Europe.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  'a more connected Europe by enhancing mobility and regional ICT connectivity' ('PO 3') by:

(c)  'a more connected Europe by enhancing mobility and regional connectivity' ('PO 3') by:

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  enhancing digital connectivity;

deleted

Justification

It is important to shift the specific objective ‘Enhancing digital connectivity’ from PO3 to PO1 in order to effectively achieve innovation and smart economic transformation.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  promoting sustainable multimodal urban mobility;

deleted

Justification

Shifting the objective ‘Promoting sustainable multimodal urban mobility’ from PO3 to PO2 will help getting greener European towns and cities. This is a major step in the way to climate adaptation in Europe.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point iv a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iva)  promote transport connections, including maritime connection, for the peripheral and insular regions of the Union;

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point iv a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iva)  developing social entrepreneurship and social innovation.

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall be classified, in terms of their gross national income ratio, as follows:

Regions shall be classified, in terms of their gross domestic product ratio, as follows:

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  those with a gross national income ratio equal to or above 100 % of the EU average ('group 1');

(a)  more developed regions;

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  those with a gross national income ratio equal to or above 75 % and below 100 % of the EU average ('group 2');

(b)  transition regions;

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  those with a gross national income ratio below 75 % of the EU average ('group 3').

(c)  less developed regions;

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

For the purposes of this Article, the gross national income ratio means the ratio between the gross national income per capita of a Member State, measured in purchasing power standards and calculated on the basis of Union figures for the period from 2014 to 2016, and the average gross national income per capita in purchasing power standards of the 27 Member States for that same reference period.

For the purposes of this Article, the classification of a region under one of the three categories of regions shall be determined on the basis of the ratio between the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita of each region, measured in purchasing power parity (PPP) and calculated on the basis of Union figures for the period from 2014 to 2016, and the average GDP of the EU 27 for that same reference period.

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

With regard to programmes under the Investment for Jobs and growth goal for the outermost regions, they shall be classified as falling within group 3.

With regard to programmes under the Investment for Jobs and growth goal for the outermost regions, they shall be classified as less developed regions.

Justification

In order to simplify the thematic concentration of ERDF support and make it more flexible and operational, only 2 categories of countries are proposed in the relevant classification. The determining threshold is set at 90% of the EU average of gross national income ratio by way of analogy with the eligibility criterion for the Cohesion Fund (CPR Regulation, art. 102, point 3)

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  Member States of group 1 shall allocate at least 85 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1 and PO 2, and at least 60 % to PO 1;

(a)  In more developed regions at least 75 % of the total ERDF resources at national level shall be allocated under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1 and PO 2, and at least 30 % to PO 2;

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  Member States of group 2 shall allocate at least 45 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 30 % to PO 2;

(b)  In transition regions at least 35% of the total ERDF resources at national level shall be allocated under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1,and at least 30 % to PO2;

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  Member States of group 3 shall allocate at least 35 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 30 % to PO 2.

(c)  In less developed regions at least 25 % of the total ERDF resources at national level shall be allocated under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 30 % to PO 2

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point f

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f)  technical assistance.

(f)  technical assistance, including improvement and development of administrative skills and competences of local authorities in managing these funds.

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ba)  development of sustainable, climate resilient, intelligent and intermodal national, regional and local mobility, including improved access to TEN-T and cross-border mobility;

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point b b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(bb)  promotion of sustainable multimodal urban mobility;

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  technical assistance.

(c)  technical assistance, including improvement and development of administrative skills and competences of local authorities in managing these funds.

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall ensure an appropriate balance between investments under points (a) and (b).

Member States shall ensure an appropriate balance between investments under points (a), (b), (ba) and (bb).

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  investment in airport infrastructure except for outermost regions;

(e)  investment in airport infrastructure except for outermost regions and regions which suffer from severe and permanent natural or demographic handicaps in line with Article 174 TFEU;

Amendment    30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point j

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(j)  funding for the purchase of rolling stock for use in rail transport, except if it is linked to the:

deleted

(i)  discharge of a publicly tendered public service obligation under Regulation 1370/2007 as amended;

 

(ii)  provision of rail transport services on lines fully opened to competition, and the beneficiary is a new entrant eligible for funding under Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [Invest EU regulation].

 

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  In addition, the Cohesion Fund shall not support investment in housing unless related to the promotion of energy efficiency or renewable energy use.

2.  In addition, the Cohesion Fund shall not support investment in housing unless related to the promotion of energy efficiency, renewable energy use, or water usage.

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

At least 6% of the ERDF resources at national level under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, other than for technical assistance, shall be allocated to sustainable urban development in the form of community-led local development, integrated territorial investments or another territorial tool under PO5.

At least 10% of the ERDF resources at national level under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, other than for technical assistance, shall be allocated to sustainable urban development in the form of community-led local development, integrated territorial investments or another territorial tool under PO5.

Amendment    33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  support of capacity-building;

(a)  support of capacity-building at subnational level;

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  support of knowledge, policy development and communication.

(c)  support of knowledge, territorial impact assessments, policy development and communication.

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 12 a

 

Areas with natural or demographic handicaps

 

In operational programmes co-financed by the ERDF, covering areas with severe and permanent natural or demographic handicaps as referred to in Article 174 TFEU, particular attention shall be paid to addressing the specific difficulties of those areas.

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – table – Policy objective 3 – RCO 34

RCO 34 - Additional capacity for waste recycling

RCR 46 - Population served by waste recycling facilities and small waste management systems

 

RCR 47 - Waste recycled

 

RCR 48 - Recycled waste used as raw materials

 

RCR 49 - Waste recovered

Amendment

RCO 34 - Additional capacity for waste prevention and recycling

RCR -46 - Waste generation per capita

 

ERC -46a - Per capita waste sent to disposal and energy recovery

 

RCR 46 - Population served by waste recycling facilities and small waste management systems

 

RCR 47 - Waste recycled

 

RCR 47a - Biowaste recycled

 

RCR 48 - Recycled waste used as raw materials

 

RCR 49 - Waste recovered

 

RCR 49a - Population served by waste preparing for re-use facilities

 

RCR 49b - Waste prepared for re-use as defined in the Article 11a.1(b) on the Waste Framework Directive (EU) 2018/851

 

RCR 49c - Indicators that the Commission has to establish by 31 March 2019 via the adoption of implementing acts to measure the overall progress in the implementation of waste prevention measures (Article 9.7 of the Waste Framework Directive (EU) 2018/851)

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund

References

COM(2018)0372 – C8-0227/2018 – 2018/0197(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

REGI

11.6.2018

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

BUDG

11.6.2018

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Jan Olbrycht

28.6.2018

Discussed in committee

24.9.2018

 

 

 

Date adopted

10.12.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

25

1

1

Members present for the final vote

Jean Arthuis, Richard Ashworth, Lefteris Christoforou, Manuel dos Santos, André Elissen, José Manuel Fernandes, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Jens Geier, Ingeborg Gräßle, John Howarth, Siegfried Mureşan, Liadh Ní Riada, Jan Olbrycht, Pina Picierno, Paul Rübig, Petri Sarvamaa, Jordi Solé, Patricija Šulin, Indrek Tarand, Monika Vana, Daniele Viotti, Marco Zanni

Substitutes present for the final vote

Xabier Benito Ziluaga, Karine Gloanec Maurin, Marco Valli

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Claudia Schmidt

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

25

+

ALDE

Jean Arthuis

EFDD

Marco Valli

GUE/NGL

Xabier Benito Ziluaga, Liadh Ní Riada

PPE

Richard Ashworth, Lefteris Christoforou, José Manuel Fernandes, Ingeborg Gräßle, Siegfried Mureşan, Jan Olbrycht, Paul Rübig, Petri Sarvamaa, Claudia Schmidt, Patricija Šulin

S&D

Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial, Jens Geier, Karine Gloanec Maurin, John Howarth, Pina Picierno, Daniele Viotti, Manuel dos Santos

Verts/ALE

Jordi Solé, Indrek Tarand, Monika Vana

1

-

ENF

André Elissen

1

0

ENF

Marco Zanni

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

11.10.2018

POSITION IN THE FORM OF AMENDMENTS

of the Committee on Budgetary Control

for the Committee on Regional Development

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund

(COM(2018)0372 – C8‑0227/2018 – 2018/0197(COD))

On behalf of the Committee on Budgetary Control: Gilles Pargneaux (rapporteur)

AMENDMENT

The Committee on Budgetary Control presents the following amendment to the Committee on Regional Development, as the committee responsible:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a)  In order to ensure the success of cohesion policy after 2020, it is essential to reduce the administrative burden imposed on beneficiaries and managing authorities, to strike the right balance between the result-orientation of the policy and the level of checks and controls carried out in order to increase proportionality, to introduce differentiation in the implementation of programmes, and to simplify rules and procedures, which are now often perceived as too confusing.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  In an increasingly interconnected world and in view of the demographic and migration dynamics, it is clear that Union migration policy requires a common approach that relies on the synergies and complementarities of the different funding instruments. In order to ensure coherent, strong and consistent support for solidarity and responsibility-sharing efforts between Member States in managing migration, the ERDF should provide support to facilitate the long-term integration of migrants.

(8)  In an increasingly interconnected world and in view of the demographic and migration dynamics, it is clear that Union migration policy requires a common approach that relies on the synergies and complementarities of the different funding instruments. In order to ensure coherent, strong and consistent support for solidarity and responsibility-sharing efforts between Member States in managing migration, the ERDF should provide support to facilitate the long-term integration of migrants and refugees. Priority should be given to the promotion of employment and social inclusion, the fight against poverty and discrimination, and investment in education, continuous training and apprenticeships.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10)  In addition, investments under the ERDF should contribute to the development of a comprehensive high-speed digital infrastructure network, and to promoting clean and sustainable multimodal urban mobility.

(10)  In addition, investments under the ERDF should contribute to the development of a comprehensive high-speed digital infrastructure network throughout the Union, including in rural areas where it is a vital contributor to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and to promoting clean and sustainable multimodal urban mobility.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13a)  The future cohesion policy must take adequate consideration of and provide support to the regions of the Union that are most impacted by the consequences of the United Kingdom’s exit from the Union, in particular those that will, as a result, find themselves situated on external sea or land borders of the Union;

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(15a)  SMEs and micro-enterprises are key drivers of economic growth, innovation and employment, providing 85 % of all new jobs. There are currently more than 20 million SMEs in the Union. These enterprises play an important role in the economic recovery and in the transition towards a sustainable Union economy.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 16

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16)  In order to concentrate the use of limited resources in the most efficient way, the support given to by the ERDF to productive investments under the relevant specific objective, should be limited to only micro, small and medium-sized enterprises ('SMEs') within the meaning of Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC19, except where investments involve cooperation with SMEs in research and innovation activities.

(16)  In order to concentrate the use of limited resources in the most efficient way, the support given to by the ERDF to productive investments under the relevant specific objective, should be limited to only SMEs within the meaning of Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC19, in order to boost the competitiveness and viability of those enterprises, except where investments involve cooperation with SMEs in research and innovation activities.

_________________

_________________

19 Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC of 6 May 2003 concerning the definition of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (OJ L 124, 20.5.2003, p. 36).

19 Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC of 6 May 2003 concerning the definition of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (OJ L 124, 20.5.2003, p. 36).

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 22 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(22 a)  In order to ensure timely and effective implementation, all monitoring, performance and control procedures should be proportionate and simplified as regards to managing authorities and to beneficiaries;

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 23

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(23)  Pursuant to paragraph 22 and 23 of the Inter-institutional agreement for Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016, there is a need to evaluate the Funds on the basis of information collected through specific monitoring requirements, while avoiding overregulation and administrative burdens, in particular on Member States. These requirements, where appropriate, can include measurable indicators, as a basis for evaluating the effects of the Funds on the ground.

(23)  Pursuant to paragraph 22 and 23 of the Inter-institutional agreement for Better Law-Making of 13 April 2016, there is a need to evaluate the Funds on the basis of information collected through specific monitoring requirements, while avoiding overregulation and administrative burdens, in particular on Member States. As far as possible, these requirements should include measurable indicators, as a basis for evaluating the effects of the Funds on the ground.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point iv a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iv a)  modernization and innovation in public administration, protection of intellectual property and supporting the competitiveness of SMEs;

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  In compliance with its reporting requirement pursuant to Article [38(3)(e)(i)] of the Financial Regulation, the Commission shall present to the European Parliament and the Council information on performance in accordance with Annex II.

3.  In compliance with its reporting requirement pursuant to Article [38(3)(e)(i)] of the Financial Regulation, the Commission shall present to the European Parliament and the Council information on performance and results in accordance with Annex II by reporting on both progress and shortfalls and by ensuring a clear link between spending and performance.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 4

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4.  The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 13 to amend Annex I in order to make the necessary adjustments to the list of indicators to be used by Member States and to amend Annex II in order to make the necessary adjustments to the information on performance to be provided to the European Parliament and the Council.

4.  The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 13 to amend Annex I in order to make the relevant and reasoned adjustments to the list of indicators to be used by Member States and to amend Annex II, if necessary, in order to provide the European Parliament and the Council with improved qualitative and quantitative information on performance and results against the objectives set.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 4 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4 a.  The Commission shall provide the European Parliament and the Council with reliable information on the quality of the performance data used.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

At least 6% of the ERDF resources at national level under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, other than for technical assistance, shall be allocated to sustainable urban development in the form of community-led local development, integrated territorial investments or another territorial tool under PO5.

At least 6% of the ERDF resources at national level under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, other than for technical assistance, shall be allocated to sustainable urban development in the form of community-led local development, integrated territorial investments or another territorial tool under PO5, incorporating relevant PO1 to PO4.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 10 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The ERDF shall also support the European Urban Initiative, implemented by the Commission in direct and indirect management.

The ERDF shall also support the European Urban Initiative.

Justification

Urban agenda is in an exclusive competence of Member States, the subsidiarity principle must be guaranteed.


OPINION of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (26.10.2018)

for the Committee on Regional Development

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund

(COM(2018)0372 – C8‑0227/2018 – 2018/0197(COD))

Rapporteur for opinion: Kateřina Konečná

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

On 2 May 2018, the Commission adopted a proposal for the next multi-annual financial framework (MFF) for the period 2021-2027. This includes the European Regional Development Fund ('ERDF') and the Cohesion Fund (CF).

Overall, the Rapporteur welcomes the Commission proposal, which simplifies the complex procedures associated with the ERDF and the CF and expands the support measures concerning green and climate objectives. In particular, she supports higher investments into greener and low-carbon Europe, such as energy efficiency and circular economy measures, development of smart energy systems, grids and storages, promoting sustainable water management and reducing the pollution.

However, there is a need to ensure an increased financing for the necessary modernisation and development of the infrastructure of Member States in order to meet all new ambitious environmental, energy, waste management transport and climate targets of the Union legislation in the line with Paris Agreement. The support of projects co-financed by these funds is vital especially in the regions whose development is lagging behind. Moreover, in many countries, the ERDF and the CF represent at least 50% of public investment and without this EU co-financing the respective Member States would not otherwise have the financial capacity to make such investments

As regards financing, the Rapporteur believes that the proposed cuts (by half) in CF are significant compared to the current programming period. At the same time, the amount to be transferred from CF to Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) is equal to the amount transferred in the current programming period 2014 – 2020. As the money from CF is, among others, expected to finance also climate and environmental projects, thus contributing to meeting the climate and environmental objectives of the EU, the Rapporteur does not believe that the decrease of the allocation of the CF to be managed under the shared management is adequate. Any transfer from CF to CEF should be based on a profound Commission analysis that will support and not weaken the ability of the Member States to meet their climate and environmental targets. The share of funds transferred to the CEF should proportionally equal the transfer in the current programming period (i.e. to be decreased by 50 %) and it should be available for the Member State during the whole programming period.

In her view, the use of the ERDF and of the CF should be improved by linking cohesion policy investments more closely to Member States’ overall plans to deliver the 2030 targets, in the context of a trajectory leading to a longer- term decarbonisation of the EU economy. In this respect, the Rapporteur proposes more resources under the Policy Objectives 2 (PO2) fighting against the climate change effects.

The EU transport sector is currently facing fundamental transformations. The greenhouse gas emissions from transport will need to be lower. Air pollutant emissions from transport need to be drastically reduced without any delay. Furthermore, the deployment of low- and zero-emission vehicles would need to increase. However, the proper infrastructure for these vehicles is missing. 76% of all charging points are located in only four Member States covering only 27% of the EU’s total surface area. A successful transition to low-emission mobility requires a common policy framework for vehicles, infrastructures, electricity grids, where economic and employment incentives are combined across Union at national, regional and local levels. The Rapporteur considers necessary to offer to Member States and to their regions the opportunity to finance the development of their infrastructure for low-emission vehicles from every possible Union source, including both ERDF and CF. Recharging and refuelling infrastructure has to be put in place quickly. In this respect, the Rapporteur proposes to move promoting sustainable multimodal urban mobility objective from Policy Objective 3 (PO3) to Policy Objective 2 (PO2) where resources are currently allocated and where there is more pressure on the Member States to meet the environmental objectives. She is of the opinion that transition to low-emission mobility is more connected to the overall low-carbon Europe objective rather than to connectivity targets.

The risk of droughts in several EU regions is increasing due to climate change; therefore, protection of water resources, water ecosystems and of the drinking and bathing water represent cornerstones of environmental protection in Europe. In recent years, Europe suffered over 100 major damaging floods. In addition to economic and social damage, floods may have severe environmental consequences. The Rapporteur believes that promotion of sustainable water management, including measures to combat drought and floods, is necessary.

Harmful noise can affect almost every aspect of a person’s life. Sustained loud levels of noise can cause health problems and increased stress. High levels of noise can also negatively affect entire ecosystems. Light pollution is as well harmful for health. It wastes energy, increases carbon emissions and consequently increases costs for consumers. Artificial light also affects flora and fauna in different ways. Therefore, the Rapporteur sets out a proposal concerning measures in the area of reducing noise and light pollution.

Cohesion policy is a key element to transform circular economy into reality. The Rapporteur believes that in the less developed countries should have an opportunity to modernise their current facilities for the treatment of residual waste in order to meet the circular economy targets. The modernisation of current facilities is in practice much less economically challenging than development of a new facility and, ultimately, often more feasible for countries with limited budgets while at the same time delivering a real positive environmental impact.

70% of Europeans want the EU to do more for health and social issues. The Rapporteur questions the added value of the inclusion of the EU Health Programme into an enlarged ESF+. She deplores the proposed 8% cut in health funding compared to the 2014-2020 period. Furthermore, cohesion policy should also contribute to improving health status of the Union’s citizens. In the Rapporteur’s view, synergies may be created with the ESF+ and its strand on health, the European Pillar of Social Rights within the European Semester exercise when the Country Specific Recommendations focus increasingly more on health-related issues. Operational programmes co-financed by ERDF and Cohesion Fund should be designed in order to advance the access to healthcare. The Rapporteur also stresses that fostering of the integrated social, economic and environmental development, cultural heritage, security and health in urban, rural and coastal areas is needed. Deeper cooperation with the patients or patient organisations is also necessary in the area of successful health investments.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety calls on the Committee on Regional Development, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1)  Article 176 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ('TFEU') provides that the European Regional Development Fund ('ERDF') is intended to help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union. Under that Article and the second and third paragraphs of Article 174 of the TFEU, the ERDF is to contribute to reducing disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and to reducing the backwardness of the least favoured regions, among which particular attention is to be paid to regions which suffer from severe and permanent natural or demographic handicaps such as the northernmost regions with very low population density and island, cross-border and mountain regions.

(1)  Article 176 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ('TFEU') provides that the European Regional Development Fund ('ERDF') is intended to help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union. Under that Article and the second and third paragraphs of Article 174 of the TFEU, the ERDF is to contribute to reducing disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and to reducing the backwardness of the least favoured regions, among which particular attention is to be paid to regions which suffer from severe and permanent natural or demographic disadvantages, such as the northernmost regions with very low population density and island, cross-border and mountain regions.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  Horizontal principles as set out in Article 3 of the Treaty on European Union ('TEU') and in Article 10 of the TFEU, including principles of subsidiarity and proportionality as set out in Article 5 of the TEU, should be respected in the implementation of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, taking into account the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Member States should also respect the obligations of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and ensure accessibility in line with its article 9 and in accordance with the Union law harmonising accessibility requirements for products and services. Member States and the Commission should aim at eliminating inequalities and at promoting equality between men and women and integrating the gender perspective, as well as at combating discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. The Funds should not support actions that contribute to any form of segregation. The objectives of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should be pursued in the framework of sustainable development and the Union's promotion of the aim of preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment as set out in Articles 11 and 191(1) of the TFEU, taking into account the polluter pays principle. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, operations benefitting undertakings shall comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

(5)  Horizontal principles as set out in Articles 2 and 3 of the Treaty on European Union ('TEU') and in Articles 7 to 11 of the TFEU, including principles of subsidiarity and proportionality as set out in Article 5 of the TEU, should be respected in the implementation of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, taking into account the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Member States should also respect the obligations of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and ensure accessibility in line with its article 9 and in accordance with the Union law harmonising accessibility requirements for products and services. Member States and the Commission should aim at eliminating inequalities and at promoting equality between men and women and integrating the gender perspective, as well as at combating discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. The Funds should not support actions that contribute to any form of segregation. The objectives of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should be pursued in the framework of sustainable development and the Union's promotion of the aim of preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment and combating climate change as set out in Articles 11 and 191(1) of the TFEU, taking into account the polluter pays principle. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, operations benefitting undertakings shall comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7a)  Thematic concentrations under this Regulation should be attained at national level while allowing for flexibility regarding operational programmes and between different categories of regions. Thematic concentrations could be adjusted, where appropriate, in line with resources earmarked for investment priorities emerging from the shift to a low-carbon economy. The degree of thematic concentration should take into account the level of development of individual regions, funding levels and the specific needs of regions whose GDP per capita was used as an eligibility criterion for the period 2014-2020.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 11 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(11a)  In view of the objective of this Regulation, that is to say strengthening Union economic, social and territorial cohesion in order to promote sustainable development, account should be taken of regional development disparities, the extent to which less-favoured regions are lagging behind and the limited resources available to certain Member States or regions.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 13 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(13a)  In accordance with the Union´s commitments under the Paris Agreement and in line with the 7th Environmental Action programme, new and ambitious targets for the environment, energy, waste management and the climate have been introduced in Union legislation. In order to help Member States to meet those targets and continue with the necessary modernisation and development of infrastructure in their regions, adequate financing should be ensured. That structural transition would have a significant impact on jobs and growth in member states and regions. Therefore, it is necessary to enable all possible supporting measures under all of those specific objectives.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(14)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, the Funds will contribute to mainstream climate actions and to the achievement of an overall target of 25 % of the EU budget expenditure supporting climate objectives. Operations under the ERDF are expected to contribute 30 % of the overall financial envelope of the ERDF to climate objectives. Operations under the Cohesion Fund are expected to contribute 37% of the overall financial envelope of the Cohesion Fund to climate objectives.

(14)  Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, and in order to contribute to the financing of necessary actions to be taken at EU, national and local level to fulfil the Union's commitments, the Funds will contribute to mainstream climate actions and to the achievement of an overall target of 30 % of the EU budget expenditure supporting climate objectives. Operations under the ERDF should contribute 35% of the overall financial envelope of the ERDF to climate objectives. Operations under the Cohesion Fund are expected to contribute 37% of the overall financial envelope of the Cohesion Fund to climate objectives. Following the recommendations of the European Court of Auditors’ Special Report 2016/31., climate mainstreaming and climate proofing mechanisms should differentiate between mitigation and adaptation, and be materialised ex-ante through all programming and planning processes rather than simply reporter ex-post.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(14a)  The Union's transport sector is currently facing fundamental transformations, since digitalisation and automation are altering traditional manufacturing processes and the needs of consumers. It is necessary that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transport are lowered. Air pollutant emissions from transport need to be drastically reduced without delay. Furthermore, the deployment of low- and zero-emission vehicles would need to increase in order to reach the targets for greener and low-carbon Union. However, the proper infrastructure for those vehicles is still missing and currently there are only 100 000 charging points for electric vehicles in the Union, with 76 % of all charging points located in just 4 member states, covering only 27 % of the total surface area of the Union. A successful transition to low- emission mobility requires a common policy framework for vehicles, infrastructures and electricity grids, where economic and employment incentives are working together across Union, national, regional and local levels and are supported by stronger Union funding instruments. It is necessary to give member states and regions the opportunity to finance the development of infrastructure for low-emission vehicles from every possible source, including the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund. Recharging and refuelling infrastructure should be put in place quickly in order to fulfil the Union's climate commitments under the Paris Agreement and related Union legislation.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(14b)  Operations under both the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should deliver on measures and objectives laid out in the Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans to be developed under the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union, as well as with the Commission recommendations regarding these plans, both in terms of content and financial allocation.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 15 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(15a)  The ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should be able to support activities and objectives from other funding instruments in order to advance access to health and care. Synergies can be created with the European Social Fund + and its strand on health, the European Pillar of Social Rights, as well as the European Semester and the Country Specific Recommendations that focus increasingly more on health-related issues.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17)  The ERDF should help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union and to reduce disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions including those facing challenges due to the decarbonisation commitments. ERDF support under the Investment for jobs and growth goal should therefore be concentrated on key Union priorities in line with policy objectives laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/xxx [new CPR]. Therefore support from the ERDF should be concentrated on the policy objectives of 'a smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation' and 'a greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management'. That thematic concentration should be attained at national level while allowing for flexibility at the level of individual programmes and between the three groups of Member States formed according to respective gross national income. In addition, the methodology to classify Member States should be set out in detail taking into account the specific situation of the outermost regions.

(17)  The ERDF should help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union and to reduce disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions including those facing challenges due to the decarbonisation commitments. ERDF support under the Investment for jobs and growth goal should therefore be concentrated on key Union priorities in line with policy objectives laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/xxx [new CPR]. Therefore support from the ERDF should be concentrated on the policy objectives of 'a smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation' and 'a greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy and transport transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation, sustainable water management, and risk prevention and management'. That thematic concentration should be attained at national level while allowing for flexibility at the level of individual programmes and between the three groups of Member States formed according to respective gross national income. In addition, the methodology to classify Member States should be set out in detail taking into account the specific situation of the outermost regions.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(17a)  Account should be taken of the problems faced by certain underfunded local and regional authorities under a centralised administrative system. Major difficulties in terms of project co-funding are eroding cohesion fund take-up in the very regions most in need of investment to narrow socio-economic and territorial disparities.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 18

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18)  In order to concentrate the support on key Union priorities, it is also appropriate that thematic concentration requirements should be respected throughout the programming period, including in the case of transfer between priorities within a programme or between programmes.

(18)  In order to attain the objectives of the Member States, thematic concentration should be sufficiently flexible to adapt to the needs of each region, enabling the Union to support transfer between priorities within a programme or between programmes. In that way, additional imbalances or deeper development disparities between regions would be avoided.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 24 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(24a)  The effectiveness of public institutions and stakeholders and administrative efficiency should be further improved by means of additional technical and financial assistance to streamline the public service sectors being targeted by ERDF and CF measures.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 26 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(26a)  In order to achieve the objectives set, measures should be taken to promote regional or local mobility or reduce air and noise pollution.

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 26 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(26b)  Measures should be taken to promote clean, sustainable and safe modes of transport.

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph -1 (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

-1.  This Regulation shall contribute to the financing of support which aims to reinforce economic, social and territorial cohesion by redressing the main regional imbalances in the Union and by reducing the backwardness of the least favoured regions, among which particular attention is to be paid to regions which suffer from severe and permanent natural or demographic handicaps such as the outermost regions, northernmost regions with very low population density and island, cross-border and mountain regions.

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  In accordance with the policy objectives set out in Article [4(1)] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx[new CPR], the ERDF shall support the following specific objectives:

1.  In accordance with the policy objectives set out in Article [4(1)] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx[new CPR], the ERDF shall support the following specific objectives, taking into account the need for specific investment and infrastructure in each Member State:

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  'a greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management ('PO 2') by:

(b)  'a greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy and transport transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management ('PO 2') by:

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention and disaster resilience;

(iv)  promoting climate change adaptation, risk, fire and flooding prevention, disaster resilience and interventions against hydrogeological instability;

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point v

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(v)  promoting sustainable water management;

(v)  promoting sustainable water management, including measures to combat and prevent drought and floods, and sustainable waste management;

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point vi

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(vi)  promoting the transition to a circular economy;

(vi)  promoting the transition to a circular economy, in particular towards the achievement of the waste recycling and reuse targets as defined in Directive (EU) 2018/851 and Directive (EU) 2018/852, as well as the landfilling reduction targets as defined in Directive (EU) 2018/850;

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point vii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(vii)  enhancing biodiversity, green infrastructure in the urban environment, and reducing pollution;

(vii)  enhancing biodiversity, green infrastructure in the urban environment, and reducing air, water, soil, noise and light pollution;

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point vii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(viia)  promoting sustainable multimodal urban mobility, including infrastructure for low-emission mobility;

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point vii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(viia)  promoting investment in the waste sector in order to meet the established Union environmental requirements, especially in Member States where those requirements are being exceeded;

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point vii b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(viib)  promoting investment in the water sector in order to meet established Union environmental requirements, especially in Member States where those requirements are being exceeded;

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  ensuring equal access to health care through developing infrastructure, including primary care;

(iv)  ensuring equal access to health care through developing infrastructure, awareness raising campaigns including primary care;

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  fostering the integrated social, economic and environmental development, cultural heritage and security in urban areas;

(i)  fostering the integrated social, economic and environmental development, cultural heritage, security and health in urban areas;

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  fostering the integrated social, economic and environmental local development, cultural heritage and security, including for rural and coastal areas also through community-led local development.

(ii)  fostering the integrated social, economic and environmental local development, cultural heritage, security and health, including for rural and coastal areas also through community-led local development.

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  improve the capacity of programme authorities, and bodies linked to the implementation of the Funds;

(a)  improve, through technical and financial assistance, the capacity of programme authorities, and bodies linked to the implementation of the Funds, including civil society organisations;

Amendment    30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  Member States of group 2 shall allocate at least 45 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 30 % to PO 2;

(b)  Member States of group 2 shall allocate at least 40 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 35 % to PO 2;

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  Member States of group 3 shall allocate at least 35 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 30 % to PO 2.

(c)  Member States of group 3 shall allocate at least 35 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 35 % to PO 2.

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  productive investments in SMEs;

(c)  productive investments in SMEs, within the meaning of Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC;

Amendment    33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ea)  investment in the reconversion of declining industrial regions and regions whose development is lagging;

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Where enterprises other than SMEs cooperate with SMEs in energy efficiency measures, low carbon economy or circular economy activities supported under points (b) (i), (iii), (vi) and (vii) of Article 2(1), productive investments may be supported when they are provided through financial instruments.

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point a a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa)  investments in health and care facilities, including integrated care and primary care;

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point a b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ab)  investments in measures to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy use, focusing on the specific needs of homes and residential and residential buildings;

Amendment    37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall ensure an appropriate balance between investments under points (a) and (b).

Member States shall ensure an appropriate balance between investments under points (a), (aa), (ab) and (b).

Amendment    38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 1 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

This Regulation shall not affect the continuation or modification (including total or partial cancellation) of assistance approved by the Commission under Regulations (EU) No 1300/2013 and (EU) No 1301/2013, or any act adopted pursuant thereto.

Amendment    39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 12 – paragraph 1 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Requests for assistance submitted or approved under Regulations (EU) No 1300/2013 and (EU) No 1301/2013 shall remain valid.

Amendment    40

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – subheading 2

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Policy objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(2)

(3)

2. A greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management

RCO 18 - Households supported to improve energy performance of their dwelling

RCR 26 - Annual final energy consumption (of which: residential, private non-residential, public non-residential)

RCO 19 - Public buildings supported to improve energy performance

RCR 27 - Households with improved energy performance of their dwellings

RCO 20 - District heating network lines newly constructed or improved

RCR 28 - Buildings with improved energy classification (of which: residential, private non-residential, public non-residential)

 

RCR 29 - Estimated greenhouse gas emissions*

 

RCR 30 - Enterprises with improved energy performance

 

RCO 22 - Additional production capacity for renewable energy (of which: electricity, thermal)

RCR 31 - Total renewable energy produced (of which: electricity, thermal)

RCO 97 - Number of energy communities and renewable energy communities supported*

RCR 32 - Renewable energy: Capacity connected to the grid (operational)*

 

RCO 23 - Digital management systems for smart grids

RCR 33 - Users connected to smart grids

RCO 98 - Households supported to use smart energy grids

RCR 34 - Roll-out of projects for smart grids

RCO 24 - New or upgraded disaster monitoring, preparedness, warning and response systems*

RCR 35 - Population benefiting from flood protection measures

RCO 25 - Coastal strip, river banks and lakeshores, and landslide protection newly built or consolidated to protect people, assets and the natural environment

RCR 36 - Population benefiting from forest fires protection measures

RCO 26 - Green infrastructure built for adaptation to climate change

RCR 37 - Population benefiting from protection measures against climate related natural disasters (other than floods and forest fires)

RCO 27 - National/ regional/ local strategies addressing climate change adaptation

RCR 96 - Population benefiting from protection measures against non-climate related natural risks and risks related to human activities*

RCO 28 - Areas covered by protection measures against forest fires

RCR 38 - Estimated average response time to disaster situations*

 

RCO 30 - Length of new or consolidated pipes for household water connections

RCR 41 - Population connected to improved water supply

RCO 31 - Length of sewage collection networks newly constructed or consolidated

RCR 42 - Population connected to at least secondary waste water treatment

RCO 32 - New or upgraded capacity for waste water treatment

RCR 43 - Water losses

 

RCR 44 - Waste water properly treated

 

RCO 34 - Additional capacity for waste recycling

RCR 46 - Population served by waste recycling facilities and small waste management systems

 

RCR 47 - Waste recycled

 

RCR 48 - Recycled waste used as raw materials

 

RCR 49 - Waste recovered

 

RCO 36 - Surface area of green infrastructure supported in urban areas

RCR 50 - Population benefiting from measures for air quality

RCO 37 - Surface of Natura 2000 sites covered by protection and restoration measures in accordance with the prioritised action framework

RCR 95 -Population having access to new or upgraded green infrastructure in urban areas

RCO 99 - Surface area outside Natura 2000 sites covered by protection and restoration measures

RCR 51 - Population benefiting from measures for noise reduction

RCO 38 - Surface area of rehabilitated land supported

RCR 52 - Rehabilitated land used for green areas, social housing, economic or community activities

RCO 39 - Systems for monitoring air pollution installed

 

 

Amendment

Policy objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(2)

(3)

2. A greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management

RCO 18 - Households supported to improve energy performance of their dwelling

RCR 26 - Annual final energy consumption (of which: residential, private non-residential, public non-residential)

RCO 19 - Public buildings supported to improve energy performance

RCR 27 - Households with improved energy performance of their dwellings

RCO 20 - District heating network lines newly constructed or improved

RCR 28 - Buildings with improved energy classification (of which: residential, private non-residential, public non-residential)

 

RCR 29 - Estimated greenhouse gas emissions*

 

RCR 30 - Enterprises with improved energy performance

 

RCO 22 - Additional production capacity for renewable energy (of which: electricity, thermal)

RCR 31 - Total renewable energy produced (of which: electricity, thermal)

RCO 97 - Number of energy communities and renewable energy communities supported*

RCR 32 – Renewable energy: Capacity connected to the grid (operational)*

 

RCO 23 - Digital management systems for smart grids

RCR 33 - Users connected to smart grids

RCO 98 - Households supported to use smart energy grids

RCR 34 - Roll-out of projects for smart grids

RCO24a - Measures to combat drought and floods

RCR 35 - Population benefiting from flood or drought protection measures

RCO 24 - New or upgraded disaster monitoring, preparedness, warning and response systems*

RCR 36 - Population benefiting from forest fires protection measures

RCO 25 - Coastal strip, river banks and lakeshores, and landslide protection newly built or consolidated to protect people, assets and the natural environment

RCR 37 - Population benefiting from protection measures against climate related natural disasters (other than floods and forest fires)

RCO 26 - Green infrastructure built for adaptation to climate change

RCR 96 - Population benefiting from protection measures against non-climate related natural risks and risks related to human activities*

RCO 27 - National/ regional/ local strategies addressing climate change adaptation

RCR 38 - Estimated average response time to disaster situations*

RCO 28 - Areas covered by protection measures against forest fires

 

 

RCO 30 - Length of new or consolidated pipes for household water connections

RCR 41 - Population connected to improved water supply

RCO 31 - Length of sewage collection networks newly constructed or consolidated

RCR 42 - Population connected to at least secondary waste water treatment

RCO 32 - New or upgraded capacity for waste water treatment

RCR 43 - Water losses

 

RCR 44 - Waste water properly treated

 

RCR 45 - Contribute to the recovery of energy and raw materials from wastewater

 

RCR 45a – Municipal waste generated

 

RCR 45b - Residual waste generated

 

RCO 34 - Additional capacity for waste prevention and recycling

RCR 46 - Population served by waste recycling facilities and small waste and sustainable management systems

 

RCR 47 - Waste recycled

 

RCR 48 - Recycled waste used as raw materials

 

RCR 49 - Waste reused

 

RCO 36 - Surface area of green infrastructure supported in urban areas

RCR 50 - Population benefiting from measures for air quality

RCO 37 - Surface of Natura 2000 sites covered by protection and restoration measures in accordance with the prioritised action framework

RCR 95 -Population having access to new or upgraded green infrastructure in urban areas

RCO 99 - Surface area outside Natura 2000 sites covered by protection and restoration measures

RCR 51 - Population benefiting from measures for noise reduction

RCO 38 - Surface area of rehabilitated land supported

RCR 51a - Population benefiting from measures for light pollution reduction

RCO 39 - Systems for monitoring air pollution installed RCO 55 - Length of tram and metro lines- new

RCR 52 - Rehabilitated land used for green areas, social housing, economic or community activities

RCO 56 - Length of tram and metro lines- reconstructed/ upgraded

RCR 62 - Annual passengers of public transport

RCO 57 - Environmentally friendly rolling stock for public transport

RCR 63 - Annual users of new/ upgraded tram and metro lines

RCO 58 - Dedicated cycling infrastructure supported

RCR 64 - Annual users of dedicated cycling infrastructure

RCO 59 - Alternative fuels infrastructure (refuelling/ recharging points) supported

RCR 64a -Estimated greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) avoided

RCO 60 - Cities and towns with new or upgraded digitised urban transport systems

 

RCO 60a - Number of fast electric vehicle charging points

 

Amendment    41

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – subheading 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Policy objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(2)

(3)

3. A more connected Europe by enhancing mobility and regional ICT connectivity

RCO 41 - Additional households with broadband access of very high capacity

RCR 53 - Households with broadband subscriptions to a very high capacity network

RCO 42 - Additional enterprises with broadband access of very high capacity

RCR 54 - Enterprises with broadband subscriptions to a very high capacity network

 

RCO 43 - Length of new roads supported - TEN-T1

RCR 55 - Users of newly built, reconstructed or upgraded roads

RCO 44 - Length of new roads supported - other

RCR 56 - Time savings due to improved road infrastructure

RCO 45 - Length of roads reconstructed or upgraded - TEN-T

RCR 101 - Time savings due to improved rail infrastructure

RCO 46 - Length of roads reconstructed or upgraded - other

 

 

RCO 47 - Length of new rail supported - TEN-T

RCR 57 - Length of European Rail Traffic Management System equipped railways in operation

RCO 48 - Length of new rail supported - other

RCR 58 - Annual number of passengers on supported railways

RCO 49 - Length of rail reconstructed or upgraded - TEN-T

RCR 59 - Freight transport on rail

RCO 50 - Length of rail reconstructed or upgraded - other

RCR 60 - Freight transport on inland waterways

RCO 51 - Length of new or upgraded inland waterways - TEN-T

 

RCO 52 - Length of new or upgraded inland waterways - other

 

RCO 53 - Railways stations and facilities - new or upgraded

 

RCO 54 - Intermodal connections - new or upgraded

 

RCO 100 - Number of ports supported

 

 

RCO 55 - Length of tram and metro lines- new

RCR 62 - Annual passengers of public transport

RCO 56 - Length of tram and metro lines- reconstructed/ upgraded

RCR 63 - Annual users of new/ upgraded tram and metro lines

RCO 57 - Environmentally friendly rolling stock for public transport

RCR 64 - Annual users of dedicated cycling infrastructure

RCO 58 - Dedicated cycling infrastructure supported

 

RCO 59 - Alternative fuels infrastructure (refuelling/ recharging points) supported

 

RCO 60 - Cities and towns with new or upgraded digitised urban transport systems

 

_______________

1 Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on Union guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network and repealing Decision No 661/2010/EU (OJ L 348, 20.12.2013, p. 1).

 

Amendment

Policy objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(2)

(3)

3. A more connected Europe by enhancing mobility and regional ICT connectivity

RCO 41 - Additional households with broadband access of very high capacity

RCR 53 - Households with broadband subscriptions to a very high capacity network

RCO 42 - Additional enterprises with broadband access of very high capacity

RCR 54 - Enterprises with broadband subscriptions to a very high capacity network

RCO 43 - Length of new roads supported - TEN-T1

RCR 55 - Users of newly built, reconstructed or upgraded roads

RCO 44 - Length of new roads supported - other

RCR 56 - Time savings due to improved road infrastructure

RCO 45 - Length of roads reconstructed or upgraded - TEN-T

RCR 101 - Time savings due to improved rail infrastructure

RCO 46 - Length of roads reconstructed or upgraded - other

 

 

RCO 47 - Length of new rail supported - TEN-T

RCR 57 - Length of European Rail Traffic Management System equipped railways in operation

RCO 48 - Length of new rail supported - other

RCR 58 - Annual number of passengers on supported railways

RCO 49 - Length of rail reconstructed or upgraded - TEN-T

RCR 59 - Freight transport on rail

RCO 50 - Length of rail reconstructed or upgraded - other

RCR 60 - Freight transport on inland waterways

RCO 51 - Length of new or upgraded inland waterways - TEN-T

 

RCO 52 - Length of new or upgraded inland waterways - other

 

RCO 53 - Railways stations and facilities - new or upgraded

 

RCO 54 - Intermodal connections - new or upgraded

 

RCO 100 - Number of ports supported

 

 

deleted

deleted

_______________

1 Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on Union guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network and repealing Decision No 661/2010/EU (OJ L 348, 20.12.2013, p. 1).

Amendment    42

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – table 1 – subheading 4

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Policy objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(2)

(3)

4. A more social Europe implementing the European Pillar of Social Rights

RCO 61 - Annual unemployed persons served by enhanced facilities for employment services (capacity)

RCR 65 - Job seekers using annually the services of the employment services supported

 

RCO 63 - Capacity of temporary reception infrastructure created

RCR 66 - Occupancy of temporary reception infrastructure built or renovated

RCO 64 - Capacity of rehabilitated housing – migrants, refugees and persons under or applying for international protection

RCR 67 - Occupancy of rehabilitated housing – migrants, refugees and persons under or applying for international protection

RCO 65 - Capacity of rehabilitated housing - other

RCR 68 - Occupancy of rehabilitated housing – other

 

RCO 66 - Classroom capacity of supported childcare infrastructure (new or upgraded))

RCR 70 - Annual number of children using childcare infrastructure supported

RCO 67 - Classroom capacity of supported education infrastructure (new or upgraded

RCR 71 - Annual number of students using education infrastructure supported

 

RCO 69 - Capacity of supported health care infrastructure

RCR 72 - People with access to improved health care services

RCO 70 - Capacity of supported social infrastructure (other than housing)

RCR 73 - Annual number of persons using the health care facilities supported

 

RCR 74 - Annual number of persons using the social care facilities supported

 

RCR 75 - Average response time for medical emergencies in the area supported

 

Amendment

Policy objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(2)

(3)

4. A more social Europe implementing the European Pillar of Social Rights

RCO 61 - Annual unemployed persons served by enhanced facilities for employment services (capacity)

RCR 65 - Job seekers using annually the services of the employment services supported

 

RCO 63 - Capacity of temporary reception infrastructure created

RCR 66 - Occupancy of temporary reception infrastructure built or renovated

RCO 64 - Capacity of rehabilitated housing - migrants, refugees and persons under or applying for international protection

RCR 67 - Occupancy of rehabilitated housing - migrants, refugees and persons under or applying for international protection

RCO 65 - Capacity of rehabilitated housing - other

RCR 68 - Occupancy of rehabilitated housing – other

 

RCO 66 - Classroom capacity of supported childcare infrastructure (new or upgraded)

RCR 70 - Annual number of children using childcare infrastructure supported

RCO 67 - Classroom capacity of supported education infrastructure (new or upgraded)

RCR 71 - Annual number of students using education infrastructure supported

 

RCO 69 - Capacity and accessibility of supported health care infrastructure and (of) innovative healthcare technologies

RCR 72 - People with access to improved health care services

RCO 70 - Capacity and accessibility of supported social infrastructure (other than housing)

RCR 73 - Annual number of persons using the health care facilities supported

 

RCR 74 - Annual number of persons using the social care facilities supported

 

RCR 75 - Average response time for medical emergencies in the area supported

 

RCR 75a – People with access to awareness raising and campaigns for prevention of diseases

Amendment    43

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – subheading 4 – point iv

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Policy objective

Specific objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

4. A more social Europe implementing the European Pillar of Social Rights

(iv) Ensuring equal access to health care through developing infrastructure, including primary care

CCO 20 - New or upgraded capacity for health care infrastructure

CCR 19 - Population with access to improved health care services

 

Amendment

Policy objective

Specific objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

4. A more social Europe implementing the European Pillar of Social Rights

(iv) Ensuring equal access to health care through developing infrastructure, including primary care taking into account needs identified by patients or patient organisations

CCO 20 - New or upgraded capacity and accessibility for health care infrastructure

CCR 19 - Population with access to improved health care services

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund

References

COM(2018)0372 – C8-0227/2018 – 2018/0197(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

REGI

11.6.2018

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

ENVI

11.6.2018

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

Kateřina Konečná

21.6.2018

Discussed in committee

29.8.2018

 

 

 

Date adopted

25.10.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

38

1

4

Members present for the final vote

Marco Affronte, Paul Brannen, Nessa Childers, Birgit Collin-Langen, Miriam Dalli, Seb Dance, Angélique Delahaye, Mark Demesmaeker, Bas Eickhout, José Inácio Faria, Francesc Gambús, Elisabetta Gardini, Jens Gieseke, Julie Girling, Françoise Grossetête, Andrzej Grzyb, Jytte Guteland, György Hölvényi, Benedek Jávor, Karin Kadenbach, Kateřina Konečná, Urszula Krupa, Giovanni La Via, Peter Liese, Susanne Melior, Miroslav Mikolášik, Massimo Paolucci, Gilles Pargneaux, Bolesław G. Piecha, John Procter, Julia Reid, Nils Torvalds, Adina-Ioana Vălean, Damiano Zoffoli

Substitutes present for the final vote

Linnéa Engström, Eleonora Evi, Norbert Lins, Sirpa Pietikäinen, Christel Schaldemose, Keith Taylor

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

José Blanco López, Jaromír Kohlíček, Tonino Picula

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

38

+

ALDE

Nils Torvalds

EFDD

Eleonora Evi

GUE/NGL

Jaromír Kohlíček, Kateřina Konečná

PEE

Birgit Collin‑Langen, Angélique Delahaye, José Inácio Faria, Francesc Gambús, Elisabetta Gardini, Jens Gieseke, Julie Girling, Françoise Grossetête, Andrzej Grzyb, György Hölvényi, Giovanni La Via, Peter Liese, Norbert Lins, Miroslav Mikolášik, Sirpa Pietikäinen, Adina Ioana Vălean

S&D

José Blanco López, Paul Brannen, Nessa Childers, Miriam Dalli, Seb Dance, Jytte Guteland, Karin Kadenbach, Susanne Melior, Massimo Paolucci, Gilles Pargneaux, Tonino Picula, Christel Schaldemose, Damiano Zoffoli

VERTS/ALE

Marco Affronte, Bas Eickhout, Linnéa Engström, Benedek Jávor, Keith Taylor

1

-

EFDD

Julia Reid

4

0

ECR

Mark Demesmaeker, Urszula Krupa, Bolesław G. Piecha, John Procter

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention


OPINION of the Committee on Transport and Tourism (04.12.2018)

for the Committee on Regional Development

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund

(COM(2018)0372 – C8-0227/2018 – 2018/0197(COD))

Rapporteur: Christine Revault d'Allonnes Bonnefoy

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

1. Commission proposal

The proposal for a regulation of on the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) lays down key objectives for work to implement the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund.

This regulation sets out a thematic concentration at national level to guide Member States in implementing this funding. Against this backdrop, the Commission proposes allocating the bulk of resources (from 65% to 85%) to work to achieve policy objectives No 1: ‘a smarter Europe’ and No 2: ‘a greener, low-carbon Europe’, as set out in the Regulation establishing a common provision on all EU funds.

It also sets out a restrictive list of non-eligible activities that fall outside the intervention scope of the funds.

The regulation also establishes a set of monitoring indicators and lays down the approach to be followed for certain specific territories, encompassing sustainable urban development among other elements, as well as for the outermost regions.

2. Your rapporteur’s proposals

Given that the regions are best placed to articulate their needs and priorities, and with a view to advocating decentralised governance in the implementation of EU, your rapporteur proposes maintaining the regional, rather than national, thematic concentration provided for in this Regulation.

To afford regions greater flexibility in the use of ERDF funding, your rapporteur also proposes extending the thematic concentration to cover to other policy objectives. As such, since transport plays a such a key role in work to achieve the EU’s priority objectives, your rapporteur proposes incorporating a third policy objective – ‘a connected Europe’ – into the thematic concentration.

So as to afford the regions greater flexibility with which to support other policy objectives, your rapporteur thus proposes reducing the minimum proportion of resources earmarked for policy objective 1 – ‘a smarter Europe’ – from 60% to 30% for the most advanced regions, from 45% to 30% for the regions in transition and from 35% to 20% for the least developed regions.

Since transport plays a such a key role in work to achieve the EU’s priority objectives, your rapporteur proposes introducing a series of new transport-related specific objectives:

•  a specific objective on smart mobility and the quality of transport services within policy objective 1: ‘a smarter Europe’;

•  a specific objective on sustainable mobility within policy objective 2: ‘a greener Europe’;

•  a specific objective on the financing of the just transition fund within policy objective 2: ‘a greener Europe’;

•  a specific objective on mobility as a vector for territorial cohesion within policy objective 3: ‘a more connected Europe’;

•  a specific objective on access to public transport services within policy objective 4: ‘a more social Europe’.

With a view to encouraging the use of ERDF funding in the transport sector, your rapporteur also proposes deleting certain provisions curtailing the use of the ERDF on regional airports and railway rolling stock.

Lastly, your rapporteur is hereby tabling amendments to encourage synergies between the ERDF, the Cohesion Fund and the other EU budget instruments with a view to investing in the development of the trans-European transport network.

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Transport and Tourism calls on the Committee on Regional Development, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  Horizontal principles as set out in Article 3 of the Treaty on European Union ('TEU') and in Article 10 of the TFEU, including principles of subsidiarity and proportionality as set out in Article 5 of the TEU, should be respected in the implementation of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, taking into account the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Member States should also respect the obligations of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and ensure accessibility in line with its article 9 and in accordance with the Union law harmonising accessibility requirements for products and services. Member States and the Commission should aim at eliminating inequalities and at promoting equality between men and women and integrating the gender perspective, as well as at combating discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. The Funds should not support actions that contribute to any form of segregation. The objectives of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should be pursued in the framework of sustainable development and the Union's promotion of the aim of preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment as set out in Articles 11 and 191(1) of the TFEU, taking into account the polluter pays principle. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, operations benefitting undertakings shall comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

(5)  Horizontal principles as set out in Article 3 of the Treaty on European Union ('TEU') and in Article 10 of the TFEU, including principles of subsidiarity and proportionality as set out in Article 5 of the TEU, should be respected in the implementation of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, taking into account the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Member States should also respect the obligations of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and ensure barrier-free accessibility in line with its article 9 and in accordance with the Union law harmonising accessibility requirements for products and services. Member States and the Commission should aim at eliminating inequalities, reducing regional disparities and at promoting equality between men and women and integrating the gender perspective, as well as at combating discrimination based on sex, nationality, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. The Funds should not support actions that contribute to any form of segregation. The objectives of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should be pursued in the framework of the Union's commitments under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and the Union's promotion of sustainable development and the aim of preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment as set out in Articles 11 and 191(1) of the TFEU, taking into account the polluter pays principle. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, operations benefitting undertakings shall comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 8

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8)  In an increasingly interconnected world and in view of the demographic and migration dynamics, it is clear that Union migration policy requires a common approach that relies on the synergies and complementarities of the different funding instruments. In order to ensure coherent, strong and consistent support for solidarity and responsibility-sharing efforts between Member States in managing migration, the ERDF should provide support to facilitate the long-term integration of migrants.

(8)  In an increasingly interconnected world and in view of the demographic and migration dynamics, it is clear that Union migration policy requires a common approach that relies on the synergies and complementarities of the different funding instruments. In order to ensure coherent, strong and consistent support for solidarity and responsibility-sharing efforts between Member States in managing migration, the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should provide support to facilitate the long-term integration of migrants.

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9)  In order to support the efforts of Member States and regions in facing new challenges and ensuring a high level of security for their citizens as well as the prevention of radicalisation, while relying on the synergies and complementarities with other Union policies, investments under the ERDF should contribute to security in areas where there is a need to ensure safe and secure public spaces and critical infrastructure, such as transport and energy.

(9)  In order to support the efforts of Member States and regions in facing new challenges and ensuring a high level of security and cohesion for their citizens as well as the prevention of radicalisation, while relying on the synergies and complementarities with other Union policies, investments under the ERDF should contribute to security in areas where there is a need to ensure safe and secure public spaces and critical infrastructure, such as transport and energy.

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10)  In addition, investments under the ERDF should contribute to the development of a comprehensive high-speed digital infrastructure network, and to promoting clean and sustainable multimodal urban mobility.

(10)  In addition, investments under the ERDF should contribute to the development of trans-European networks of transport infrastructure and a comprehensive high-speed digital infrastructure network, and to promoting clean, safe and sustainable multimodal urban mobility.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17)  The ERDF should help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union and to reduce disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions including those facing challenges due to the decarbonisation commitments. ERDF support under the Investment for jobs and growth goal should therefore be concentrated on key Union priorities in line with policy objectives laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/xxx [new CPR]. Therefore support from the ERDF should be concentrated on the policy objectives of 'a smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation' and 'a greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management'. That thematic concentration should be attained at national level while allowing for flexibility at the level of individual programmes and between the three groups of Member States formed according to respective gross national income. In addition, the methodology to classify Member States should be set out in detail taking into account the specific situation of the outermost regions.

(17)  The ERDF should help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union and to reduce disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions including those facing challenges due to the decarbonisation commitments. ERDF support under the Investment for jobs and growth goal should therefore be concentrated on key Union priorities in line with policy objectives laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/xxx [new CPR]. Therefore, support from the ERDF should be concentrated on the policy objectives of 'a smarter Europe’, a greener, low-carbon Europe’, 'a more connected Europe’ and a ‘more social Europe’. That thematic concentration should be attained at regional level while allowing for flexibility at the level of individual programmes.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)  This Regulation should set out the different types of activities the costs of which may be supported by means of investments from the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, under their respective objectives as set out in the TFEU. The Cohesion Fund should be able to support investments in the environment and in TEN-T. With regard to the ERDF, the list of activities should be simplified and it should be able to support investments in infrastructure, investments in relation to access to services, productive investments in SME's, equipment, software and intangible assets, as well as measures with regard to information, communication, studies, networking, cooperation, exchange of experiences and activities involving clusters. In order to support the programme implementation, both funds should also be able to support technical assistance activities. Finally, in order to support provide for a broader range of interventions for Interreg programmes, the scope should be enlarged to also include the sharing a broad range of facilities and human resources and costs linked to measures within the scope of the ESF+.

(19)  This Regulation should set out the different types of activities the costs of which may be supported by means of investments from the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, under their respective objectives as set out in the TFEU. The Cohesion Fund and ERDF should be able to support investments in the environment and in TEN-T. With regard to the ERDF, the list of activities should be simplified and it should be able to support investments in infrastructure, safety of existing tunnels and bridges, investments in relation to access to services, productive investments in SME's, equipment, software and intangible assets, as well as measures with regard to information, communication, studies, networking, cooperation, exchange of experiences and activities involving clusters. In order to support the programme implementation, both funds should also be able to support technical assistance activities. Finally, in order to support provide for a broader range of interventions for Interreg programmes, the scope should be enlarged to also include the sharing a broad range of facilities and human resources and costs linked to measures within the scope of the ESF+.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20)  Trans-European transport networks projects in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1316/2013 shall continue to be financed from the Cohesion Fund via both shared management and the direct implementation mode under the Connecting Europe Facility ('CEF').

(20)  Trans-European transport networks projects in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1316/2013 shall continue to be financed from the Cohesion Fund and the ERDF via both shared management and the direct implementation mode under the Connecting Europe Facility ('CEF').

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 20 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(20a)  Further, with a view to maximising the added value of investments in transport financed in whole or in part from the EU budget, synergies should be sought between the ERDF and directly managed instruments, such as the European Interconnection Mechanism (EIM) and the financial instruments of the forthcoming ‘InvestEU’ programme.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 27

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(27)  Specific attention should be paid to outermost regions, namely by adopting measures under Article 349 of the TFEU providing for an additional allocation for the outermost regions to offset the additional costs incurred in these regions as a result of one or several of the permanent restraints referred to in Article 349 of the TFEU, namely remoteness, insularity, small size, difficult topography and climate, economic dependence on a few products, the permanence and combination of which severely restrain their development. This allocation can cover investments, operating costs and public service obligations aimed at offsetting additional costs caused by such restraints. Operating aid may cover expenditure on freight transport services and start-up aid for transport services as well as expenditure on operations linked to storage constraints, the excessive size and maintenance of production tools, and the lack of human capital in the local market. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, and as is the case for all operations co-financed by the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, any ERDF support to the financing of operating and investment aid in the outermost regions should comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

(27)  Specific attention should be paid to outermost regions, namely by adopting measures under Article 349 of the TFEU providing for an additional allocation for the outermost regions to offset the additional costs incurred in these regions as a result of one or several of the permanent restraints referred to in Article 349 of the TFEU, namely remoteness, insularity, small size, difficult topography and climate, economic dependence on a few products, the permanence and combination of which severely restrain their development. This allocation can cover investments, operating costs and public service obligations aimed at offsetting additional costs caused by such restraints. Operating aid may cover expenditure on freight transport services, green logistics, mobility management and start-up aid for transport services as well as expenditure on operations linked to storage constraints, the excessive size and maintenance of production tools, and the lack of human capital in the local market. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, and as is the case for all operations co-financed by the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, any ERDF support to the financing of operating and investment aid in the outermost regions should comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  enhancing research and innovation capacities and the uptake of advanced technologies;

(i)  fostering research and innovation capacities and the uptake of advanced technologies;

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  reaping the benefits of digitisation for citizens, companies and governments;

(ii)  reaping the benefits of digitisation for citizens, companies and governments and enhancing digital connectivity;

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii)  enhancing growth and competitiveness of SMEs;

(iii)  enhancing growth, competitiveness and durability of SMEs;

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point iv a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iva)  developing smart, secure and interoperable modes of transport;

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point v a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(v a)  promoting low emission and multimodal mobility;

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point vi a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(vi a)  supporting structural change to make the transition to low-carbon energy generation;

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  enhancing digital connectivity;

(i)  enhancing digital connectivity and cross border connections;

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  developing a sustainable, climate resilient, intelligent, secure and intermodal TEN-T;

(ii)  developing a sustainable, climate resilient, intelligent, safe and secure and intermodal TEN-T;

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii)  developing sustainable, climate resilient, intelligent and intermodal national, regional and local mobility, including improved access to TEN-T and cross-border mobility;

(iii)  developing sustainable, climate resilient, intelligent safe and secure intermodal national, regional and local mobility, including improved access to TEN-T, cross-border mobility, and connectivity with outermost regions;

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  promoting sustainable multimodal urban mobility;

(iv)  promoting sustainable multimodal and accessible urban mobility, including walking, cycling, public transport and shared mobility;

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point ii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ii a)  improving access to inclusive, high-quality transport services;

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  ensuring equal access to health care through developing infrastructure, including primary care;

(iv)  ensuring equal access to health care through developing infrastructure, including primary care, including rural areas;

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  fostering the integrated social, economic and environmental development, cultural heritage and security in urban areas;

(i)  fostering the integrated social, economic and environmental development, cultural heritage, tourism sector and security in urban areas;

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  fostering the integrated social, economic and environmental local development, cultural heritage and security, including for rural and coastal areas also through community-led local development.

(ii)  fostering the integrated social, economic and environmental local development, cultural heritage, tourism sector and security, including for rural and coastal areas and outermost regions, also through community-led local development;

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e – point ii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ii a)  taking measures to boost the attractiveness of regions and territories that promote sustainable tourism.

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  With regard to programmes implemented under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, the total ERDF resources in each Member State shall be concentrated at national level in accordance with paragraphs 3 and 4.

1.  With regard to programmes implemented under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, the total ERDF resources in each Member State shall be concentrated at regional level in accordance with paragraphs 3 and 4.

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  With regard to the thematic concentration of support for Member States comprising outermost regions, the ERDF resources allocated specifically to programmes for the outermost regions and those allocated to all other regions shall be treated separately.

2.  With regard to the thematic concentration of support for the outermost regions of the Member States, the ERDF resources allocated specifically to programmes for the outermost regions and those allocated to all other regions shall be treated separately.

Amendment    27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall be classified, in terms of their gross national income ratio, as follows:

Regions shall be classified in accordance with Article 102 of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxx [new CPR]:

(a)  those with a gross national income ratio equal to or above 100% of the EU average ('group 1');

(a)   less developed regions, whose GDP per capita is less than 75% of the average GDP of the EU-27 ('less developed regions');

(b)  those with a gross national income ratio equal to or above 75% and below 100% of the EU average ('group 2');

(b)   transition regions, whose GDP per capita is between 75% and 100% of the average GDP of the EU-27 ('transition regions');

(c)  those with a gross national income ratio below 75% of the EU average ('group 3').

(c)  more developed regions, whose GDP per capita is above 100% of the average GDP of the EU-27 ('more developed regions').

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

For the purposes of this Article, the gross national income ratio means the ratio between the gross national income per capita of a Member State, measured in purchasing power standards and calculated on the basis of Union figures for the period from 2014 to 2016, and the average gross national income per capita in purchasing power standards of the 27 Member States for that same reference period.

deleted

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 3 – subparagraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

With regard to programmes under the Investment for Jobs and growth goal for the outermost regions, they shall be classified as falling within group 3.

With regard to programmes under the Investment for Jobs and growth goal for the outermost regions, they shall be classified as falling within the group of ‘less developed regions’.

Amendment    30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  Member States of group 1 shall allocate at least 85 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1 and PO 2, and at least 60 % to PO 1;

(a)  Member States of group 1 shall allocate at least 60 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1 and PO 2;

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  Member States of group 2 shall allocate at least 45 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 30 % to PO 2;

(b)  Member States of group 2 shall allocate at least 20 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 30 % to PO 2;

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point c

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c)  Member States of group 3 shall allocate at least 35 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 30 % to PO 2.

(c)  Member States of group 3 shall allocate at least 15 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 30 % to PO 2.

Amendment    33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  investments in infrastructure;

(a)  investments in infrastructure, particularly with European added value in the transport, energy and digital Trans-European Networks and the safety-upgrading of existing transport infrastructures such as bridges and tunnels;

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point b a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(b a)  investments in sustainable urban mobility as well as public transport and bicycle lanes;

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(e a)  funding for the purchase of rolling stock for use in the rail transport;

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

In order to contribute to the specific objective under PO 1 set out in point (a) (iv) of Article 2(1), the ERDF shall also support training, life long learning and education activities.

In order to contribute to the specific objective under PO 1 set out in point (a) (iv) of Article 2(1) and the specific objective of PO 4 set out in Article 2 (2) (d) the ERDF shall also support training, lifelong learning and education activities.

Amendment    37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a.  The amount transferred from the ERDF to the Connecting Europe Facility shall be used in accordance with the provisions of Regulation (EU) [new CEF Regulation].

Amendment    38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  investments in TEN-T;

(b)  investments in TEN-T and sustainable mobility;

Amendment    39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) investment in airport infrastructure except for outermost regions;

deleted

Amendment    40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point g

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g)  investment in facilities for the treatment of residual waste;

(g)  investment in facilities for the treatment of residual waste, except for the outermost regions;

Amendment    41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point j

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(j)  funding for the purchase of rolling stock for use in rail transport, except if it is linked to the:

deleted

(i)  discharge of a publicly tendered public service obligation under Regulation 1370/2007 as amended;

 

(ii)  provision of rail transport services on lines fully opened to competition, and the beneficiary is a new entrant eligible for funding under Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [Invest EU regulation].

 

Amendment    42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 7 – paragraph 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3.  In compliance with its reporting requirement pursuant to Article [38(3)(e)(i)] of the Financial Regulation, the Commission shall present to the European Parliament and the Council information on performance in accordance with Annex II.

3.  In compliance with its reporting requirement pursuant to Article [38(3)(e)(i)] of the Financial Regulation, the Commission shall present to the European Parliament and the Council information on performance in accordance with Annex II. Such information shall also provide for a qualitative assessment of the progress towards achieving the specific objectives set out in Article 2.

Amendment    43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The ERDF shall support integrated territorial development based on territorial strategies in accordance with Article [23] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR] focused on urban areas ('sustainable urban development') within programmes under both goals referred to in Article 4(2) of that Regulation.

1.  The ERDF shall support integrated territorial development based on territorial strategies in accordance with Article [23] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR] focused on urban areas ('sustainable urban development' and 'sustainable urban mobility plans (SUMPs)' ) within programmes under both goals referred to in Article 4(2) of that Regulation.

Amendment    44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The specific additional allocation for the outermost regions shall be used to offset the additional costs incurred in these regions as a result of one or several of the permanent restraints to their development listed in Article 349 of the TFEU.

1.  Article 3 shall not apply to the specific additional allocation for the outermost regions. The specific additional allocation for the outermost regions shall be used to offset the additional costs incurred in these regions as a result of one or several of the permanent restraints to their development listed in Article 349 of the TFEU.

Amendment    45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 11 – paragraph 3 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(3a)  By way of derogation from Article 4(1), the ERDF may support productive investment in enterprises in the outermost regions, irrespective of the size of those enterprises.

Amendment    46

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – table 1 – point 1 – column 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  A smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation

1.  A competitive and a smarter Europe by strengthening its economic, social and territorial cohesion and by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation

Amendment    47

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – table 1 – point 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Policy objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(2)

(3)

3. A more connected Europe by enhancing mobility and regional ICT connectivity

RCO 43 - Length of new roads supported - TEN-T

RCR 55 - Users of newly built, reconstructed or upgraded roads

 

RCO 44 - Length of new roads supported - other

RCR 56 - Time savings due to improved road infrastructure

 

RCO 45 - Length of roads reconstructed or upgraded - TEN-T

RCR 101 – Time savings due to improved rail infrastructure

 

RCO 46 - Length of roads reconstructed or upgraded - other -

RCR 57 - Length of European Rail Traffic Management System equipped railways in operation

 

RCO 47 - Length of new rail supported - TEN-T

RCR 58 - Annual number of passengers on supported railways

 

RCO 48 - Length of new rail supported - other

RCR 59 - Freight transport on rail

 

RCO 49 - Length of rail reconstructed or upgraded - TEN-T

RCR 60 - Freight transport on inland waterways

 

RCO 50 - Length of rail reconstructed or upgraded - other

 

 

RCO 51 - Length of new or upgraded inland waterways - TEN-T

 

 

RCO 52 - Length of new or upgraded inland waterways - other

 

 

RCO 53 - Railways stations and facilities - new or upgraded

 

 

RCO 54 - Intermodal connections - new or upgraded

 

 

RCO 100 – Number of ports supported

 

 

RCO 55 - Length of tram and metro lines- new

RCR 62 - Annual passengers of public transport

 

RCO 56 - Length of tram and metro lines- reconstructed/ upgraded

RCR 63 - Annual users of new/ upgraded tram and metro lines

 

RCO 57 - Environmentally friendly rolling stock for public transport

RCR 64 - Annual users of dedicated cycling infrastructure

 

RCO 58 - Dedicated cycling infrastructure supported

 

 

RCO 59 - Alternative fuels infrastructure (refuelling/ recharging points) supported

 

Amendment

Policy objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(2)

(3)

3. A more connected Europe by enhancing mobility and regional ICT connectivity

RCO 43 - Length of new roads supported - TEN-T

RCR 55 - Users of newly built, reconstructed or upgraded roads

 

RCO 44 - Length of new roads supported - other

RCR 56 - Time savings due to improved road infrastructure

 

RCO 45 - Length of roads reconstructed or upgraded - TEN-T

RCR 101 – Time savings due to improved rail infrastructure

 

RCO 46 - Length of roads reconstructed or upgraded - other -

 

 

- number of road and rail bridges and tunnels controlled every three years and well maintained for the sake of safety

 

 

RCO 47 - Length of new rail supported - TEN-T

 

 

RCO 48 - Length of new rail supported - other

 

 

RCO 49 - Length of rail reconstructed or upgraded - TEN-T

RCR 57 - Length of European Rail Traffic Management System equipped railways in operation, including cross-border rail connections equiped with ERTMS systems

 

RCO 50 - Length of rail reconstructed or upgraded - other

 

 

RCO 51 - Length of new or upgraded inland waterways - TEN-T

RCR 58 - Annual number of passengers on supported railways for distances under 50 km, between 50 and 300 km and more than 300 km

 

RCO 52 - Length of new or upgraded inland waterways - other

 

 

RCO 53 - Railways stations and facilities - new or upgraded -

RCR 59 - Freight transport on rail

 

- Including number of those railway stations corresponding to the Commission TSI-PRM Regulation

- Number of freight wagons retrofitted with LL brake blocks for noise reduction

 

RCO 54 - Intermodal connections - new or upgraded

RCR 60 - Freight transport on inland waterways

 

RCO 100 – Number of ports supported

 

 

RCO 55 - Length of tram and metro lines- new

 

 

RCO 56 - Length of tram and metro lines- reconstructed/ upgraded

RCR 62 - Annual passengers of public transport

 

RCO 57 - Environmentally friendly rolling stock for public transport

RCR 63 - Annual users of new/ upgraded tram and metro lines

 

RCO 58 - Dedicated walking and cycling infrastructure supported

- Annual users of bicycles

 

RCO 59 - Alternative fuels infrastructure (refuelling/ recharging points) supported

- Intermodal market share (modal split) of users of private cars, public transport (metro - tramways - busses), car sharing and car pooling, bicycles and pedestrians

 

RCO 60 - Cities and towns with new or upgraded digitised urban transport systems

RCR 64 - Annual users of dedicated walking and cycling infrastructure

Amendment    48

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – table 1 – point 5

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Policy objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(2)

(3)

5. A Europe closer to citizens by fostering the sustainable and integrated development of urban, rural and coastal areas and local initiatives

RCO 74 - Population covered by strategies for integrated urban development

RCR 76 - Stakeholders involved in the preparation and implementation of strategies of urban development

 

RCO 75 - Integrated strategies for urban development

RCR 77 - Tourists/ visits to supported sites*

 

RCO 76 - Collaborative projects

RCR 78 - Users benefiting from cultural infrastructure supported

 

RCO 77 - Capacity of cultural and tourism infrastructure supported

 

Amendment

Policy objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(2)

(3)

5. A Europe closer to citizens by fostering the sustainable and integrated development of urban, rural and coastal areas and local initiatives

RCO 74 - Population covered by strategies for integrated urban development

RCR 76 - Stakeholders involved in the preparation and implementation of strategies of urban development

 

- number of existing ‘Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs)’

RCR 77 - Tourists/ visits to supported sites*

 

RCO 75 - Integrated strategies for urban development

 

 

RCO 76 - Collaborative projects

- Sustainable tourism projects where win-win situations for both tourists and inhabitants can be indicated

 

RCO 77 - Capacity of cultural, natural, historical and industrial tourism infrastructure supported

RCR 78 - Users benefiting from cultural infrastructure and eco-tourism supported

Amendment    49

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – table 1 – point 1 – column 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  A smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation

1.  A competitive and a smarter Europe by strengthening its economic, social and territorial cohesion and by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation

Amendment    50

Proposal for a regulation

Annex II – table 1 – point 3

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Policy objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(3)

(4)

3. A more connected Europe by enhancing mobility and regional ICT connectivity

CCO 14 – Road TEN-T: New and upgraded roads

CCR 13 - Time savings due to improved road infrastructure

 

CCO 15 – Rail TEN-T: New and upgraded railways

CCR 14 - Annual number of passengers served by improved rail transport

 

CCO 16 - Extension and modernisation of tram and metro lines

CCR 15 - Annual users served by new and modernised tram and metro lines

Amendment

Policy objective

Outputs

Results

(1)

(3)

(4)

3. A more connected Europe by enhancing mobility and regional ICT connectivity

CCO 14 – Road TEN-T: New and upgraded roads

CCR 13 - Time savings due to improved road infrastructure

 

 

- increase of congestion through extension of road infrastructure

 

CCO 15 – Rail TEN-T: New and upgraded railways

 

 

- number of regional cross-border rail connections that were abandoned or dismantled (missing links)

CCR 14 - Annual number of passengers served by improved rail transport

 

- number cross-border rail connections that were missing links and have been reestablished

 

 

CCO 16 - Extension and modernisation of tram and metro lines as well as walking and cycling infrastructure

CCR 15 - Annual users served by new and modernised tram and metro lines as well as pedestrians and cyclists

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund

References

COM(2018)0372 – C8-0227/2018 – 2018/0197(COD)

Committee responsible

 Date announced in plenary

REGI

11.6.2018

 

 

 

Opinion by

 Date announced in plenary

TRAN

11.6.2018

Rapporteur

 Date appointed

Christine Revault d’Allonnes Bonnefoy

17.7.2018

Discussed in committee

9.10.2018

 

 

 

Date adopted

15.11.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

38

4

2

Members present for the final vote

Daniela Aiuto, Marie-Christine Arnautu, Inés Ayala Sender, Georges Bach, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Michael Cramer, Luis de Grandes Pascual, Andor Deli, Karima Delli, Isabella De Monte, Ismail Ertug, Tania González Peñas, Dieter-Lebrecht Koch, Merja Kyllönen, Miltiadis Kyrkos, Innocenzo Leontini, Bogusław Liberadzki, Peter Lundgren, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Georg Mayer, Gesine Meissner, Renaud Muselier, Markus Pieper, Gabriele Preuß, Christine Revault d’Allonnes Bonnefoy, Dominique Riquet, Massimiliano Salini, Jill Seymour, Claudia Țapardel, Keith Taylor, István Ujhelyi, Wim van de Camp, Kosma Złotowski

Substitutes present for the final vote

Francisco Assis, Stefan Gehrold, Maria Grapini, Bolesław G. Piecha, Anders Sellström, Matthijs van Miltenburg, Henna Virkkunen

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Heinz K. Becker, Edward Czesak, Theodor Dumitru Stolojan, Richard Sulík


OPINION of the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (14.11.2018)

for the Committee on Regional Development

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund

(COM(2018)0372 – C8‑0227/2018 – 2018/0197(COD))

Rapporteur for opinion: James Nicholson

SHORT JUSTIFICATION

The rapporteur broadly welcomes the aims and objectives of both the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund. It is right the EU has a coherent approach to reducing the economic and social disparities that exist between the regions and member states, and that aims to promote sustainable development. While the rapporteur understands that urban areas play a key role in reducing unemployment and promoting social inclusion and combating poverty, he feels a better balance between the needs of rural and urban areas is required. The rapporteur has therefore made some additions to the text that focus on rural areas and their communities. When we discuss education, skills training and employment creation we can sometimes concentrate solely on the EU’s towns and cities, the rapporteur proposes that specific attention is given to rural areas (amendment 6). The rapporteur has introduced a couple of new aspects to the text, farmers who are marginalised because they can work remotely and in isolation and seasonal workers who can often face difficulties integrating into rural communities. The rapporteur is keen to promote innovation and digitalisation and therefore recommends increasing allocation to PO 1 from 60% to 65% (amendment 10). Knowing how crucial access to the internet for farmers is, the rapporteur was not happy that the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund would not be able to support investment in broadband infrastructure in areas where there are at least two broadband networks. The rapporteur does not agree with this; it should be the member states and the regions who decide where the funds are most needed. Broadband networks may exist however if they are not adequate and do not allow proper access to the internet for the farmers in the most remote parts of the EU, the member states should be permitted to invest more in improvements (amendment 12).

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development calls on the Committee on Regional Development, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

Amendment    1

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(1)  Article 176 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ('TFEU') provides that the European Regional Development Fund ('ERDF') is intended to help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union. Under that Article and the second and third paragraphs of Article 174 of the TFEU, the ERDF is to contribute to reducing disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and to reducing the backwardness of the least favoured regions, among which particular attention is to be paid to regions which suffer from severe and permanent natural or demographic handicaps such as the northernmost regions with very low population density and island, cross-border and mountain regions.

(1)  Article 176 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ('TFEU') provides that the European Regional Development Fund ('ERDF') is intended to help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union. Under that Article and the second and third paragraphs of Article 174 of the TFEU, the ERDF is to contribute to reducing disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and to reducing the backwardness of the least favoured regions, paying particular attention to rural areas, areas affected by an industrial transition and regions which suffer from severe and permanent natural or demographic handicaps such as the northernmost regions with very low population density and island, cross-border and mountain regions.

Amendment    2

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 2 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(2a)  Moreover, Cohesion Fund investment is focused on a number of key priority areas in which the economic and social gap continues to widen, and targets in particular the differences between rural and urban areas, thereby neglecting rural areas stricken with poverty and stagnation;

Amendment    3

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 3

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3)  Regulation (EU) 2018/XXX of the European Parliament and of the Council [new CPR]16 sets out common rules applicable to various funds including the European Regional Development Fund ('ERDF'), the European Social Fund Plus ('ESF+'), the Cohesion Fund, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund ('EMFF'), the Asylum and Migration Fund ('AMIF'), the Internal Security Fund ('ISF') and the Border Management and Visa Instrument ('BMVI') which operate under a common framework ('the Funds').

(3)  Regulation (EU) 2018/XXX of the European Parliament and of the Council [new CPR]16 sets out common rules applicable to various funds including the European Regional Development Fund ('ERDF'), the European Social Fund Plus ('ESF+'), the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, the Cohesion Fund, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund ('EMFF'), the Asylum and Migration Fund ('AMIF'), the Internal Security Fund ('ISF') and the Border Management and Visa Instrument ('BMVI') which operate under a common framework ('the Funds').

_________________

_________________

16 [Full reference - new CPR].

16 [Full reference - new CPR].

Amendment    4

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 5

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5)  Horizontal principles as set out in Article 3 of the Treaty on European Union ('TEU') and in Article 10 of the TFEU, including principles of subsidiarity and proportionality as set out in Article 5 of the TEU, should be respected in the implementation of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, taking into account the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Member States should also respect the obligations of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and ensure accessibility in line with its article 9 and in accordance with the Union law harmonising accessibility requirements for products and services. Member States and the Commission should aim at eliminating inequalities and at promoting equality between men and women and integrating the gender perspective, as well as at combating discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. The Funds should not support actions that contribute to any form of segregation. The objectives of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should be pursued in the framework of sustainable development and the Union's promotion of the aim of preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment as set out in Articles 11 and 191(1) of the TFEU, taking into account the polluter pays principle. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, operations benefitting undertakings shall comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

(5)  Horizontal principles as set out in Article 3 of the Treaty on European Union ('TEU') and in Article 10 of the TFEU, including principles of subsidiarity and proportionality as set out in Article 5 of the TEU, should be respected in the implementation of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, taking into account the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Member States should also respect the obligations of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and ensure accessibility in line with its article 9 and in accordance with the Union law harmonising accessibility requirements for products and services. Member States and the Commission should aim at eliminating inequalities and at promoting equality between men and women and integrating the gender perspective, as well as at combating discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. The Funds should not support actions that contribute to any form of segregation or exclusion. The objectives of the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should be pursued in the framework of sustainable development and the Union's promotion of the aim of preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment and combating climate change as set out in Articles 11 and 191(1) of the TFEU, taking into account the polluter pays principle. In order to protect the integrity of the internal market, operations benefitting undertakings shall comply with State aid rules as set out in Articles 107 and 108 of the TFEU.

Amendment    5

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 7

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7)  In order to identify the type of activities which can be supported by the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, specific policy objectives for providing support from those funds should be laid down to ensure that they contribute to one or more of common policy objectives set out in Article 4(1) of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxx [new CPR] .

(7)  In order to identify the type of activities which can be supported by the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, harmonised specific policy objectives adapted to different situations for providing support from those funds should be laid down to ensure that they contribute to increasing added value in each region and to creating jobs. These objectives should in no way detract from the crucial overall objective of reducing disparities between levels of development in the EU’s various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions.

Amendment    6

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a)  Universal, high-quality public services are vital to address regional and social disparities, promote social cohesion and regional development and encourage people and businesses to stay in their local area, especially the least developed regions.

Amendment    7

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 9 b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9b)  ERDF and Cohesion Fund investments should be channelled into sustainable and accessible national, regional and local mobility, especially in regions lacking the resources for economic regeneration and growth and regions with low population density where serious lack of mobility constitutes a structural barrier to growth.

Amendment    8

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10)  In addition, investments under the ERDF should contribute to the development of a comprehensive high-speed digital infrastructure network, and to promoting clean and sustainable multimodal urban mobility.

(10)  In addition, investments under the ERDF should contribute to the development of a comprehensive high-speed digital infrastructure network that also covers rural areas, and to promoting clean and sustainable multimodal urban and rural mobility, thereby fostering greater economic, social and territorial cohesion which can effectively combat climate change.

Amendment    9

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 10 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(10a)  Investment in digital networks in rural areas of the EU is a source of untapped potential and is key to harnessing new economic opportunities such as precision agriculture and the development of a bio-based economy, and can help to achieve the EU’s objectives of developing a digital infrastructure network and promoting green and sustainable multimodal mobility.

Amendment    10

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 14 a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(14a)  Operations under the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund should deliver on objectives laid down in the Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans to be developed under the [Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union] taking also into account the recommendations from the Commission regarding these plans, both in terms of content and financial allocation.

Amendment    11

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 17

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17)  The ERDF should help to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union and to reduce disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions including those facing challenges due to the decarbonisation commitments. ERDF support under the Investment for jobs and growth goal should therefore be concentrated on key Union priorities in line with policy objectives laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/xxx [new CPR]. Therefore support from the ERDF should be concentrated on the policy objectives of 'a smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation' and 'a greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management'. That thematic concentration should be attained at national level while allowing for flexibility at the level of individual programmes and between the three groups of Member States formed according to respective gross national income. In addition, the methodology to classify Member States should be set out in detail taking into account the specific situation of the outermost regions.

(17)  The ERDF should help to promote true convergence, to redress the main regional imbalances in the Union and to reduce disparities between the levels of development of the various regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions including those facing challenges due to the decarbonisation commitments, taking into account the legitimate choices, priorities and needs of each Member State, depending on their particular situation. ERDF support under the Investment for jobs and growth goal should also take into account collectively defined priorities, in line with policy objectives laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/xxx [new CPR]. Therefore, support from the ERDF should take particular account of the policy objectives of 'a more cohesive and solidarity-based Europe helping reduce economic, social and territorial asymmetries and achieve a smart and innovative economic transformation' and 'a greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, the reduction of the impact of industry on the environment, green and blue investment, the circular economy, combating and adapting to climate change and risk prevention and management'. That thematic concentration should be attained at national level while allowing for flexibility at the level of individual programmes and between the three groups of Member States formed according to respective gross national income. In addition, the methodology to classify Member States should be set out in detail taking into account the specific situation of the outermost regions.

Amendment    12

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 19

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19)  This Regulation should set out the different types of activities the costs of which may be supported by means of investments from the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, under their respective objectives as set out in the TFEU. The Cohesion Fund should be able to support investments in the environment and in TEN-T. With regard to the ERDF, the list of activities should be simplified and it should be able to support investments in infrastructure, investments in relation to access to services, productive investments in SME's, equipment, software and intangible assets, as well as measures with regard to information, communication, studies, networking, cooperation, exchange of experiences and activities involving clusters. In order to support the programme implementation, both funds should also be able to support technical assistance activities. Finally, in order to support provide for a broader range of interventions for Interreg programmes, the scope should be enlarged to also include the sharing a broad range of facilities and human resources and costs linked to measures within the scope of the ESF+.

(19)  This Regulation should set out the different types of activities the costs of which may be supported by means of investments from the ERDF and the Cohesion Fund, under their respective objectives as set out in the TFEU. The Cohesion Fund should be able to support investments in the environment and in TEN-T. With regard to the ERDF, the list of activities should be simplified and it should be able to support investments in infrastructure, investments in relation to access to services, with a particular focus on disadvantaged, marginalised and segregated communities, productive investments in SME's, equipment, software and intangible assets, as well as measures with regard to information, communication, studies, networking, cooperation, exchange of experiences and activities involving clusters. In order to support the programme implementation, both funds should also be able to support technical assistance activities. Finally, in order to support provide for a broader range of interventions for Interreg programmes, the scope should be enlarged to also include the sharing a broad range of facilities and human resources and costs linked to measures within the scope of the ESF+.

Amendment    13

Proposal for a regulation

Recital 25

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25)  Within the framework of sustainable urban development, it is considered necessary to support integrated territorial development in order to more effectively tackle the economic, environmental, climate, demographic and social challenges affecting urban areas, including functional urban areas, while taking into account the need to promote urban-rural linkages. The principles for selecting the urban areas where integrated actions for sustainable urban development are to be implemented, and the indicative amounts for those actions, should be set out in the programmes under the Investment for jobs and growth goal with a minimum target of 6% of the ERDF resources allocated at national level for that purpose. It should also be established that this percentage should be respected throughout the programming period in the case of transfer between priorities within a programme or between programmes, including at the mid-term review.

(25)  Within the framework of sustainable urban development, it is considered necessary to support integrated territorial development in order to more effectively tackle the economic, environmental, climate, demographic and social challenges affecting urban and rural areas, while taking into account the need to promote urban-rural linkages and heightened cooperation. The principles for selecting the urban areas where integrated actions for sustainable urban development are to be implemented, and the indicative amounts for those actions, should be set out in the programmes under the Investment for jobs and growth goal with a minimum target of 6% of the ERDF resources allocated at national level for that purpose. It should also be established that this percentage should be respected throughout the programming period in the case of transfer between priorities within a programme or between programmes, including at the mid-term review.

Amendment    14

Proposal for a regulation

Article 1 – paragraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2.  This Regulation also sets out the specific objectives and the scope support from the Cohesion Fund with regard to the Investment for jobs and growth goal ('the Investment for jobs and growth goal') referred to in [point (a) of Article 4(2)] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR].

2.  This Regulation also sets out the specific objectives and the scope support from the Cohesion Fund with regard to the Investment for jobs and growth goal ('the Investment for jobs and growth goal') referred to in [point (a) of Article 4(2)] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR]. It also supplements rural development policy insofar as support for balanced territorial development is concerned.

Amendment    15

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  'a smarter Europe by promoting innovative and smart economic transformation' ('PO 1') by:

(a)  'a more cohesive and solidarity-based Europe by helping reduce economic, social and territorial asymmetries and promoting innovative and smart economic transformation' ('PO 1') by:

Justification

The ERDF and the Cohesion Fund are crucial cohesion policy instruments and their objectives should therefore include seeking to achieve cohesion and prevent asymmetries.

Amendment    16

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  enhancing research and innovation capacities and the uptake of advanced technologies;

(i)  enhancing research and innovation capacities, the uptake of advanced technologies and improving access to and the use and quality of technologies;

Amendment    17

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  reaping the benefits of digitisation for citizens, companies and governments;

(ii)  reaping the benefits of digitisation for citizens, companies, public services and governments;

Justification

Public services are vital for cohesion and regional development, business activity and sustained population levels, especially in the less developed regions.

Amendment    18

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point ii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iia)  encouraging high-quality, modernised and universal public services

Amendment    19

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii)  enhancing growth and competitiveness of SMEs;

(iii)  enhancing and advancing the growth and competitiveness of SMEs in rural areas;

Amendment    20

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  developing skills for smart specialisation, industrial transition and entrepreneurship;

(iv)  developing skills for smart specialisation, industrial transition, rural development and infrastructures for smart specialisation, the re-establishment of industries in regions affected by waning industrial capacity and entrepreneurship;

Amendment    21

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point iv a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iva)   promoting the revitalisation and economic regeneration of regions suffering from depopulation and areas with natural handicaps;

Amendment    22

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point a – point iv b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ivb)  nurturing start-up ecosystems

Amendment    23

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  a greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management ('PO 2') by:

(b)  a greener, low-carbon Europe by promoting and supporting clean and fair energy transition, green and blue investment as well as a reduction in consumption, the circular economy, climate adaptation and risk prevention and management ('PO 2') by:

Amendment    24

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii)  developing smart energy systems, grids and storage at local level;

(iii)  developing smart energy systems, smart grids, storage at local level and establishing energy cooperatives

Amendment    25

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point iii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iiia)  promoting a reduction in consumption;

Amendment    26

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention and disaster resilience;

(iv)  promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention and management and natural disaster resilience, in particular eco-system based approaches;

Amendement    27

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point b – point vii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(vii)  enhancing biodiversity, green infrastructure in the urban environment, and reducing pollution;

(vii)  enhancing biodiversity and green infrastructure in the urban and rural environment and reducing air, water, soil, noise and light pollution as well as waste;

Amendment    28

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  enhancing digital connectivity;

(i)  enhancing digital connectivity and access to high-speed internet particularly in rural areas with lower populations that are not as attractive to commercial operators;

Amendment    29

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  developing a sustainable, climate resilient, intelligent, secure and intermodal TEN-T;

(ii)  developing a sustainable, climate resilient, intelligent, secure and intermodal TEN-T, with a particular emphasis on creating an EU transport network that creates links between rural hubs rather than merely routes to capitals or large urban centres;

Amendement    30

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  promoting sustainable multimodal urban mobility;

(iv)  promoting sustainable multimodal mobility in both urban and rural areas;

Amendment    31

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point iv a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iva)  using digital technologies to meet the challenges faced by Europe's rural areas;

Amendment    32

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point c – point iv ba (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ivb)  promoting rural mobility;

Amendment    33

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  enhancing the effectiveness of labour markets and access to quality employment through developing social innovation and infrastructure;

(i)  enhancing the effectiveness of labour markets and access to quality employment and support for worker mobility through developing social innovation and infrastructure that encourages balanced territorial development across the whole EU, in particular for women in rural areas, paying specific attention to education, skills training and jobs in rural areas;

Amendment    34

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point i a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ia)  achieving a balanced territorial development of rural economies and communities including the creation and maintenance of employment;

Amendment    35

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point i b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ib)  helping the rural population gain access to valuable employment options;

Amendment    36

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  improving access to inclusive and quality services in education, training and life long learning through developing infrastructure;

(ii)  improving access to inclusive and quality services in education , preschool – in particular by strengthening the links between education and the economy and business – training and life long learning through developing infrastructure;

Amendement    37

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point iii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iii)  increasing the socioeconomic integration of marginalised communities, migrants and disadvantaged groups, through integrated measures including housing and social services;

(iii)  increasing the socioeconomic integration of marginalised communities and disadvantaged groups, including those who work in isolated rural areas such as farmers and fishermen, through integrated measures including housing, education and social services;

Amendment    38

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point iii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iiia)  improving access to the system of care for the elderly, with emphasis on home care and the provision of such services outside institutional care frameworks;

Amendment    39

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point iii b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iiib)  supporting migrants in rural areas, particularly seasonal workers who may struggle to integrate into rural communities;

Amendement    40

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point d – point iv

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(iv)  ensuring equal access to health care through developing infrastructure, including primary care;

(iv)  promoting equal access to health care through developing infrastructure, including primary care and maternity care, particularly in peripheral rural areas;

Amendment    41

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e – introductory part

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  'a Europe closer to citizens by fostering the sustainable and integrated development of urban, rural and coastal areas and local initiatives' ('PO 5') by:

(e)  'a Europe closer to citizens by fostering the sustainable and integrated development of urban, rural, island and coastal areas, urban-rural partnerships and local initiatives' ('PO 5') by:

Amendement    42

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e – point ii

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ii)  fostering the integrated social, economic and environmental local development, cultural heritage and security, including for rural and coastal areas also through community-led local development;

(ii)  fostering the integrated social, economic and environmental local development, cultural heritage and security, especially for rural, island and coastal areas also through community-led local development through the intermediary of local action groups;

Amendment    43

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e – point ii a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iia)  addressing urban-rural linkages in response to challenges of functional areas in terms of employment and labour markets, interdependencies between different sectors, commuting patterns, demographic trends, cultural and natural heritage, climate change vulnerability, land use and resource management, institutional and governance arrangements, connectivity and accessibility.

Amendment    44

Proposal for a regulation

Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point e – point ii b (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(iib)  promoting the concept of ‘smart villages’ to reduce the development gap between urban and rural areas;

Amendment    45

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  Member States of group 1 shall allocate at least 85 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1 and PO 2, and at least 60 % to PO 1;

(a)  Member States of group 1 shall allocate at least 85 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1 and PO 2, and at least 65 % to PO 1;

Amendment    46

Proposal for a regulation

Article 3 – paragraph 4 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  Member States of group 2 shall allocate at least 45 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 30 % to PO 2;

(b)  Member States of group 2 shall allocate at least 45 % of their total ERDF resources under priorities other than for technical assistance to PO 1, and at least 35% to PO 2;

Amendment    47

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  investments in infrastructure;

(a)  investments in infrastructure, with a focus on ICT infrastructure in rural areas;

Amendment    48

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point b

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b)  investments in access to services;

(b)  investments in access to services and skills with a particular focus on disadvantaged, marginalised and segregated communities;

Amendment    49

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point d a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(da)  Innovation and research

Amendment    50

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point e

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e)  information, communication, studies, networking, cooperation, exchange of experience and activities involving clusters;

(Does not affect the English version)

Amendment    51

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point e a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(ea)  investments in innovation, including social innovation, and technology to promote rural development and ensure a promising future for EU rural areas;

Amendment    52

Proposal for a regulation

Article 4 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point f a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(fa)  Low carbon economy.

Amendment    53

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point a

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a)  investments in the environment, including investments related to sustainable development and energy presenting environmental benefits;

(a)  investments in the environment, including investments related to sustainable development and energy, with a focus on strengthening energy cooperatives and decentralising electricity markets, presenting environmental benefits;

Amendment    54

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point a a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(aa)  reduction of economic and social disparities;

Amendment    55

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point c a (new)

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ca)  promoting sustainable development.

Amendment    56

Proposal for a regulation

Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Member States shall ensure an appropriate balance between investments under points (a) and (b).

Member States shall ensure a balance between investments under points (a) and (b) that is fair in national terms, proportionate and appropriate.

Amendment    57

Proposal for a regulation

Article 6 – paragraph 1 – point i

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i)  investment in broadband infrastructure in areas in which there are at least two broadband networks of equivalent category;

deleted

Amendment    58

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – title

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Sustainable urban development

Sustainable urban and rural development

Amendment    59

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1.  The ERDF shall support integrated territorial development based on territorial strategies in accordance with Article [23] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR] focused on urban areas ('sustainable urban development') within programmes under both goals referred to in Article 4(2) of that Regulation.

1.  The ERDF shall support integrated territorial development based on territorial strategies in accordance with Article [23] of Regulation (EU) 2018/xxxx [new CPR] focused on urban and rural areas ('sustainable urban and rural development') within programmes under both goals referred to in Article 4(2) of that Regulation.

Amendment    60

Proposal for a regulation

Article 9 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

At least 6% of the ERDF resources at national level under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, other than for technical assistance, shall be allocated to sustainable urban development in the form of community-led local development, integrated territorial investments or another territorial tool under PO5.

At least 6% of the ERDF resources at national level under the Investment for jobs and growth goal, other than for technical assistance, shall be allocated to sustainable urban and rural development in the form of community-led local development, integrated territorial investments or another territorial tool under PO5.

Amendment    61

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Outputs – RCO 22 and RCO 97

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCO 22 - Additional production capacity for renewable energy (of which: electricity, thermal)

RCO 22 - Additional production capacity for sustainable renewable energy (of which: electricity, thermal)

RCO 97 – Number of energy communities and renewable energy communities supported*

RCO 97 – Number of energy communities and renewable sustainable energy communities supported*

Amendment    62

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Results – RCR 31 and RCR 32

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCR 31 - Total renewable energy produced (of which: electricity, thermal)

RCR 31 - Total sustainable renewable energy produced (of which: electricity, thermal)

RCR 32 – Renewable energy: Capacity connected to the grid (operational)*

RCR 32 – Sustainable renewable energy: Capacity connected to the grid (operational)*

Amendment    63

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Results – RCR 51

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCR 51 - Population benefiting from measures for noise reduction

RCR 51 - Population benefiting from measures for air, water, soil, noise and light reduction

Amendment    64

Proposal for a regulation

Annex I – Table 1 – Policy objective 2 – Outputs – RCO 39

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

RCO 39 - Systems for monitoring air pollution installed

RCO 39 - Systems for monitoring air, water, soil, noise and light pollution installed

PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

Title

European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund

References

COM(2018)0372 – C8-0227/2018 – 2018/0197(COD)

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

REGI

11.6.2018

 

 

 

Opinion by

       Date announced in plenary

AGRI

11.6.2018

Rapporteur

       Date appointed

James Nicholson

10.7.2018

Date adopted

12.11.2018

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

30

4

3

Members present for the final vote

John Stuart Agnew, Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Eric Andrieu, José Bové, Daniel Buda, Matt Carthy, Jacques Colombier, Michel Dantin, Paolo De Castro, Albert Deß, Diane Dodds, Herbert Dorfmann, Norbert Erdős, Luke Ming Flanagan, Karine Gloanec Maurin, Martin Häusling, Jan Huitema, Peter Jahr, Jarosław Kalinowski, Zbigniew Kuźmiuk, Norbert Lins, Philippe Loiseau, Giulia Moi, Ulrike Müller, Maria Noichl, Marijana Petir, Maria Lidia Senra Rodríguez, Czesław Adam Siekierski, Tibor Szanyi, Maria Gabriela Zoană, Marco Zullo

Substitutes present for the final vote

Franc Bogovič, Maria Heubuch, Anthea McIntyre, Momchil Nekov, Hilde Vautmans, Miguel Viegas, Thomas Waitz

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

30

+

ALDE

Jan Huitema, Ulrike Müller, Hilde Vautmans

ECR

Zbigniew Kuzmiuk, Anthea McIntyre

EFDD

Giulia Moi, Marco Zullo

ENF

Jacques Colombier, Philippe Loiseau

GUE/NGL

Matt Carthy, Luke Ming Flanagan

NI

Diane Dodds

PPE

Franc Bogovič, Daniel Buda, Michel Dantin, Herbert Dorfmann, Norbert Erdős, Peter Jahr, Jarosław Kalinowski, Norbert Lins, Marijana Petir, Czesław Adam Siekierski

S&D

Clara Eugenia Aguilera García, Eric Andrieu, Paolo De Castro, Karine Gloanec Maurin, Momchil Nekov, Maria Noichl, Tibor Szanyi, Maria Gabriela Zoană

4

-

EFDD

John Stuart Agnew

GUE/NGL

Maria Lidia Senra Rodríguez, Miguel Viegas

PPE

Albert Deß

3

0

VERTS/ALE

José Bové, Martin Häusling, Thomas Waitz

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE ASKED FOR OPINION

38

+

ALDE

Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Gesine Meissner, Dominique Riquet, Matthijs van Miltenburg

ECR

Edward Czesak, Bolesław G. Piecha, Richard Sulík, Kosma Złotowski

GUE/NG

Tania González Peñas, Merja Kyllönen

PPE

Georges Bach, Heinz K. Becker, Andor Deli, Stefan Gehrold, Dieter-Lebrecht Koch, Innocenzo Leontini, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Renaud Muselier, Markus Pieper, Massimiliano Salini, Anders Sellström, Theodor Dumitru Stolojan, Henna Virkkunen, Luis de Grandes Pascual, Wim van de Camp

S&D

Francisco Assis, Isabella De Monte, Ismail Ertug, Maria Grapini, Miltiadis Kyrkos, Bogusław Liberadzki, Gabriele Preuß, Christine Revault d'Allonnes Bonnefoy, Claudia Țapardel, István Ujhelyi

VERTS/ALE

Michael Cramer, Karima Delli, Keith Taylor