Procedure : 2018/0247(COD)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0174/2019

Texts tabled :

A8-0174/2019

Debates :

PV 26/03/2019 - 20
CRE 26/03/2019 - 20

Votes :

PV 27/03/2019 - 10.5
CRE 27/03/2019 - 10.5
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2019)0299

<Date>{11/03/2019}11.3.2019</Date>
<NoDocSe>A8-0174/2019</NoDocSe>
PDF 571kWORD 261k

<TitreType>REPORT</TitreType>     <RefProcLect>***I</RefProcLect>

<Titre>on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA III)</Titre>

<DocRef>(COM(2018)0465 – C8‑0274/2018 – 2018/0247(COD))</DocRef>


<Commission>{AFET}Committee on Foreign Affairs</Commission>

Rapporteur: <Depute>Knut Fleckenstein, José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez‑Neyra</Depute>

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 OPINION of the Committee on International Trade
 OPINION of the Committee on Budgets
 OPINION of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
 OPINION of the Committee on Regional Development
 OPINION of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA III)

(COM(2018)0465 – C8‑0274/2018 – 2018/0247(COD))

(Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)

The European Parliament,

 having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2018)0465),

 having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 212(2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8‑0274/2018),

 having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

 having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 12 December 2018[1],

 having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions of 6 December 2018[2],

 having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

 having regard to the report of the Committee on Foreign Affairs and also the opinions of the Committee on International Trade, the Committee on Budgets, the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, the Committee on Regional Development and the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (A8-0174/2019),

1. Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2. Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3. Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

<RepeatBlock-Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>1</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 2</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) The objectives of an instrument for pre-accession are substantially distinct from the general objectives of Union external action as this instrument aims to prepare the beneficiaries listed in Annex I for future membership of the Union and support their accession process. It is therefore essential to have a dedicated instrument in support of enlargement, while ensuring its complementarity with the general objectives of Union external action and in particular with the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI).

(2) The objective of an instrument for pre-accession is to prepare the beneficiaries listed in Annex I (“beneficiaries”) for future membership of the Union and support their accession process, in line with the general objectives of the Union’s external action, including respect for fundamental rights and principles as well as the protection and promotion of human rights, democracy and the rule of law as laid down in Article 21 of the Treaty on European Union. While the distinct nature of the accession process warrants a dedicated instrument in support of enlargement, the objectives and functioning of this instrument should be consistent with and complementary to the general objectives of Union external action and in particular with the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI).

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>2</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 3</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(3) Article 49 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) provides that any European state which respects the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities, and commits to promote these values, may apply to become a member of the Union. A European State which has applied to join the Union can become a member only when it has been confirmed that it meets the membership criteria established at the Copenhagen European Council in June 1993 (the ‘Copenhagen criteria’) and provided that the Union has the capacity to integrate the new member. The Copenhagen criteria relate to the stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities, the existence of a functioning market economy as well as the capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the Union, and the ability to assume not only the rights but also the obligations under the Treaties, including adherence to the aims of political, economic and monetary union.

(3) Article 49 TEU provides that any European State which respects the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities, and commits to promote these values, may apply to become a member of the Union. Those values are common to Member States in a society in which pluralism, non-discrimination, tolerance, justice, solidarity and equality between women and men prevail.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>3</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 4</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(4) The enlargement process is built on established criteria and fair and rigorous conditionality. Each beneficiary is assessed on the basis of its own merits. The assessment of progress achieved and the identification of shortcomings aim to provide incentives and guidance to the beneficiaries listed in Annex I to pursue the necessary far-reaching reforms. For the prospect of enlargement to become a reality, a firm commitment to the principle of the 'fundamentals first'15 remains essential. Progression towards accession depends on each applicant's respect for the Union's values and its capacity to undertake the necessary reforms to align its political, institutional, legal, administrative and economic systems with the rules, standards, policies and practices in the Union.

(4) The enlargement process is built on established criteria and fair and rigorous conditionality. Each beneficiary is assessed on the basis of its own merits. The assessment of progress achieved and the identification of shortcomings aim to provide incentives and guidance to the beneficiaries listed in Annex I to pursue the necessary far-reaching reforms. For the prospect of enlargement to become a reality, a firm commitment to the principle of the 'fundamentals first'15.remains essential. Good neighbourly relations and regional cooperation based on a definitive, inclusive and binding resolution of bilateral disputes are essential elements of the enlargement process and critical for security and stability of the Union as a whole. Progress towards accession depends on each applicant's respect for the Union's values and its capacity to undertake and implement the necessary reforms to align its political, institutional, legal, social, administrative and economic systems with the rules, standards, policies and practices in the Union. The Negotiating Framework sets out requirements against which progress in the accession negotiations with each candidate country is assessed.

_________________

_________________

15 The 'fundamentals first' approach links rule of law and fundamental rights with the two other crucial areas of the accession process: economic governance – strengthened focus on economic development and improved competitiveness – and the strengthening of democratic institutions and public administration reform. Each of the three fundamentals is of crucial importance for the reform processes in the candidate countries and potential candidates and addresses key concerns of the citizens.

15 The 'fundamentals first' approach links rule of law and fundamental rights with the two other crucial areas of the accession process: economic governance – strengthened focus on economic development and improved competitiveness – and the strengthening of democratic institutions and public administration reform. Each of the three fundamentals is of crucial importance for the reform processes in the candidate countries and potential candidates and addresses key concerns of the citizens.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>4</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 4 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(4 a) Any European State which has applied to join the Union can become a member of the Union only where it has been confirmed that it fully meets the accession criteria established at the Copenhagen European Council in June 1993 (the ‘Copenhagen criteria’) and provided that the Union has the capacity to integrate the new member. The Copenhagen criteria relate to the stability of institutions which guarantee democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities, the existence of a functioning market economy as well as the capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the Union, and the ability to assume not only the rights but also the obligations under the Treaties, including the pursuit of the aims of political, economic and monetary union.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>5</NumAm><DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 5</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) The enlargement policy of the Union is an investment in peace, security and stability in Europe. It provides increased economic and trade opportunities to the mutual benefit of the Union and the aspiring Member States. The prospect of Union membership has a powerful transformative effect, embedding positive democratic, political, economic and societal change.

(5) Enlargement policy is an integral part of the Union’s external action, contributing to peace, security, prosperity and stability both within and outside the Union's borders. It provides increased economic and trade opportunities to the mutual benefit of the Union and the aspiring Member States, while respecting the principle of progressive integration to ensure a smooth transformation of the beneficiaries. The prospect of Union membership has a powerful transformative effect, embedding positive democratic, political, economic and societal change.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>6</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 7</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) Assistance should also be provided in compliance with the agreements concluded by the Union with the beneficiaries listed in Annex I. Assistance should mainly focus on assisting the beneficiaries listed in Annex I to strengthen democratic institutions and the rule of law, reform the judiciary and public administration, respect fundamental rights and promote gender equality, tolerance, social inclusion and non-discrimination. Assistance should also support the key principles and rights as defined in the European Pillar of Social Rights.17 Assistance should continue to support their efforts to advance regional, macro-regional and cross-border cooperation as well as territorial development, including through implementation of Union macro-regional strategies. It should also enhance their economic and social development and economic governance, underpinning a smart, sustainable and inclusive growth agenda, including through implementation of regional development, agriculture and rural development, social and employment policies and the development of the digital economy and society, also in line with the flagship initiative Digital Agenda for the Western Balkans.

(7) Assistance should also be provided in compliance with the international agreements concluded by the Union, including with the beneficiaries. Assistance should mainly focus on assisting the beneficiaries to strengthen democratic institutions and the rule of law, reform the judiciary and public administration, respect fundamental rights, including those of minorities and promote gender equality, tolerance, social inclusion, respect for international labour standards on workers’ rights and non-discrimination of vulnerable groups, including children and people with disabilities. Assistance should also support adherence by the beneficiaries to the key principles and rights as defined in the European Pillar of Social Rights17 as well as to the social market economy and convergence towards the social acquis. Assistance should continue to support their efforts to advance regional, macro-regional and cross-border cooperation as well as territorial development, including through implementation of Union macro-regional strategies, with the aim to develop good neighbourly relations and enhance reconciliation. It should also promote sectoral regional co-operation structures and enhance their economic and social development and economic governance, foster economic integration with the Union single market, including customs cooperation, and promote an open and fair trade, underpinning a smart, sustainable and inclusive growth agenda, including through implementation of regional development, cohesion and inclusion, agriculture and rural development, social and employment policies and the development of the digital economy and society, also in line with the flagship initiative Digital Agenda for the Western Balkans.

_________________

_________________

17 European Pillar of Social Rights solemnly proclaimed by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission at the Gothenburg Social Summit for Fair Jobs and Growth, Gothenburg 17 November 2017.

17 European Pillar of Social Rights solemnly proclaimed by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission at the Gothenburg Social Summit for Fair Jobs and Growth, Gothenburg 17 November 2017.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>7</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 7 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7 a) Taking into consideration the transformatory nature of the reform process during the enlargement process in the candidate countries, the Union should enhance its efforts in prioritising key areas for Union funding, such as institution and security building, and enhance its support to candidate countries when implementing projects with a view of protecting those candidate countries from non-EU influences.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>8</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 7 b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7 b) The Union's efforts to support reform progress in candidate countries through IPA funding should be well communicated in candidate countries, as well as in the Member States. The Union, in that regard, should enhance communication and campaign efforts in order to ensure visibility of the IPA funding, as the main EU instrument of peace and stability in enlargement area. 

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>9</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 7 c (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(7 c) The importance of the facilitation and implementation of the budget is recognised as regards institution building, which will in return help in anticipation of possible security issues, and prevent possible future illegal migratory flows towards the Member States.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>10</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 9</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(9) Enhanced strategic and operational cooperation between the Union and the beneficiaries listed in Annex I on security is pivotal to addressing effectively and efficiently security and terrorism threats.

(9) Enhanced strategic and operational cooperation between the Union and the beneficiaries listed in Annex I on security and defence sector reform is pivotal to addressing effectively and efficiently security, organised crime and terrorism threats.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>11</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 9 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9 a)  Actions under the instrument established by this Regulation should also contribute to assisting the beneficiaries in the progressive alignment with the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), and the implementation of restrictive measures as well as the Union's broader external policies in international institutions and multilateral fora. The Commission should encourage the beneficiaries to uphold a rules- and values-based global order and cooperate on the promotion of multilateralism and the further strengthening of the international trading system, including WTO reforms.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>12</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 10</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(10) It is essential to further step up cooperation on migration including border management, ensuring access to international protection, sharing relevant information, strengthening the development benefits of migration, facilitating legal and labour migration, enhancing border control and pursuing our effort in the fight against irregular migration, trafficking in human beings and migrant smuggling.

(10) Cooperation on migration, including border management and control, ensuring access to international protection, sharing relevant information, strengthening the development benefits of migration, facilitating legal and labour migration, enhancing border control and efforts to prevent and discourage irregular migration and forced displacement, and to fight against trafficking in human beings and people smuggling are an important aspect of cooperation between the Union and the beneficiaries.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>13</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 11</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) Strengthening the rule of law, including the fight against corruption and organised crime, and good governance, including public administration reform, remain key challenges in most of the beneficiaries listed in Annex I and are essential in order for beneficiaries to come closer to the Union and later to fully assume the obligations of Union membership. In view of the longer-term nature of the reforms pursued in those areas and the need to build up track records, financial assistance under this Regulation should address the requirements placed on the beneficiaries listed in Annex I as early as possible.

(11) Strengthening the rule of law, including the independence of the judiciary, fight against corruption, money laundering and organised crime, and good governance, including public administration reform, providing support for human rights defenders, continued alignment on transparency, public procurement, competition, state aid, intellectual property and foreign investment remain key challenges and are essential in order for beneficiaries to come closer to the Union and to prepare to fully assume the obligations of Union membership. In view of the longer-term nature of the reforms pursued in those areas and the need to build up track records, financial assistance under this Regulation should be programmed to address these issues as early as possible.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>14</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 12</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) In accordance with the principle of participatory democracy, parliamentary oversight in each beneficiary listed in Annex I should be encouraged by the Commission.

(12) The parliamentary dimension remains fundamental in the accession process. Therefore, in accordance with the principle of participatory democracy, the strengthening of parliamentary capacities, parliamentary oversight, democratic procedures and fair representation in each of the beneficiaries should be promoted by the Commission.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>15</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 13</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) The beneficiaries listed in Annex I need to be better prepared to address global challenges, such as sustainable development and climate change, and align with the Union's efforts to address those issues. Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), this Programme should contribute to mainstream climate action in the Union's policies and to the achievement of an overall target of 25 % of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives. Actions under this Programme are expected to contribute 16 % of the overall financial envelope of the Programme to climate objectives. Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and the overall contribution from this Programme should be part of relevant evaluations and review processes.

(13) The beneficiaries need to be better prepared to address global challenges, such as sustainable development and climate change, and align with the Union's efforts to address those issues. Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), this Programme should contribute to mainstream climate action in the Union's policies and to the achievement of an overall target of 25 % of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives. Actions under this Programme should aim to contribute at least 16 % of the overall financial envelope of the Programme to climate objectives, striving to achieve the goal that climate-related spending reaches 30 % of MFF expenditure by 2027. Priority should be given to environmental projects addressing cross-border pollution. Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and execution, and the overall contribution from this Programme should be part of relevant evaluations and review processes.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>16</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 16</Article>

 

 

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(16) The Commission and the Member States should ensure compliance, coherence, and complementarity of their assistance, in particular through regular consultations and frequent exchanges of information during the different phases of the assistance cycle. The necessary steps should also be taken to ensure better coordination and complementarity, including through regular consultations, with other donors. The role of civil society should be enhanced both in programmes implemented through government bodies and as a direct beneficiary of Union assistance.

(16) The Commission and the Member States should ensure compliance, coherence, consistency and complementarity of external financing assistance, in particular through regular consultations and frequent exchanges of information during the different phases of the assistance cycle. The necessary steps should also be taken to ensure better coordination and complementarity, including through regular consultations, with other donors. Diverse independent civil society organisations and different types and levels of local authorities should play a meaningful role in the process. In line with the principle of inclusive partnership, civil society organisations should be part of both the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the programmes executed through government bodies and be direct beneficiaries of Union assistance.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>17</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 17</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17) The priorities for action towards meeting objectives in the relevant policy areas which will be supported under this Regulation should be defined in a programming framework established by the Commission for the duration of the Union multiannual financial framework for the period from 2021 to 2027 in partnership with the beneficiaries listed in Annex I, based on the enlargement agenda and their specific needs, in line with the general and specific objectives defined by this Regulation and taking relevant national strategies into due account. The programming framework should identify the areas to be supported through assistance with an indicative allocation per area of support, including an estimate of climate-related expenditure.

(17) Specific and measurable objectives in the relevant policy areas should be defined for each beneficiary, followed up by priorities for action towards meeting these objectives in a programming framework established by the Commission by means of delegated acts. The programming framework should be established in partnership with the beneficiaries, based on the enlargement agenda and their specific needs, in line with the general and specific objectives defined by this Regulation and the principles of Union external action, taking relevant national strategies and pertaining European Parliament resolutions into due account. That partnership should include, as appropriate, competent authorities, as well as civil society organisations. The Commission should encourage cooperation among the relevant stakeholders and donor co-ordination. The programming framework should be reviewed following the mid-term evaluation. The programming framework should identify the areas to be supported through assistance with an indicative allocation per area of support, including an estimate of climate-related expenditure.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>18</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 18</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18) It is in the Union's interest to assist the beneficiaries listed in Annex I in their efforts to reform with a view to Union membership. Assistance should be managed with a strong focus on results and with incentives for those who demonstrate their commitment to reform through efficient implementation of pre-accession assistance and progress towards meeting the membership criteria.

(18) It is in the common interest of the Union and the beneficiaries to assist the beneficiaries’ efforts to reform their political, legal and economic systems with a view to Union membership. Assistance should be managed in accordance with a performance-based approach and with significant incentives for more effective and efficient use of funds for those who demonstrate their commitment to reform through efficient implementation of pre-accession assistance and progress towards meeting the membership criteria. Assistance should be allocated in line with the “fair share” principle and clear consequences in cases of serious deterioration or lack of progress in the respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and human rights.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>19</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 18 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(18 a) The Commission should set up clear monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to ensure that the objectives and actions concerning different beneficiaries remain relevant and feasible and to regularly measure progress. To that effect, every objective should be accompanied by one or more performance indicators, assessing the beneficiaries' adoption of reforms and their concrete implementation.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>20</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 19</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19) The transition from direct management of pre-accession funds by the Commission to indirect management by the beneficiaries listed in Annex I should be progressive and in line with the respective capacities of those beneficiaries. Assistance should continue to make use of the structures and instruments that have proved their worth in the pre-accession process.

(19) The transition from direct management of pre-accession funds by the Commission to indirect management by the beneficiaries should be progressive and in line with the respective capacities of those beneficiaries. That transition should be reversed or suspended in specific policy or programme areas in the event that the beneficiaries fail to fulfil relevant obligations or to administer the Union funds in accordance with the established rules, principles and objectives. Such a decision should give due consideration to any possible negative economic and social consequences. Assistance should continue to make use of the structures and instruments that have proved their worth in the pre-accession process.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>21</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 20</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20) The Union should seek the most efficient use of available resources in order to optimise the impact of its external action. That should be achieved through coherence and complementarity among the Union's external financing instruments, as well as the creation of synergies with other Union policies and programmes. This includes, where relevant, coherence and complementarity with macro-financial assistance.

(20) The Union should seek the most efficient use of available resources in order to optimise the impact of its external action. That should be achieved, in order to avoid the overlapping with other existing external financing instruments, through coherence, consistency and complementarity among the Union's external financing instruments, as well as the creation of synergies with other Union policies and programmes. This includes, where relevant, coherence and complementarity with macro-financial assistance.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>22</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 21 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(21 a) Without prejudice to the budgetary procedure and the provisions on the suspension of aid established in international agreements with beneficiaries, the power to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of amending Annex I to this Regulation in order to suspend or partially suspend Union assistance. That power should be used in cases where there is consistent backsliding on one or more of the Copenhagen criteria or where a beneficiary fails to respect the principles of democracy, the rule of law, human rights and fundamental freedoms or violates the commitments taken in the relevant agreements concluded with the Union. Where the Commission finds that the reasons justifying the suspension of assistance no longer apply, it should be empowered to adopt delegated acts to amend Annex I in order to reinstate Union assistance.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>23</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 24</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(24) The types of financing and the methods of implementation under this Regulation should be chosen on the basis of their ability to achieve the specific objectives of the actions and to deliver results, taking into account, in particular, the costs of controls, the administrative burden, and the expected risk of non-compliance. This should include consideration of the use of lump sums, flat rates and unit costs, as well as financing not linked to costs as referred to in Article 125(1) of the Financial Regulation.

(24) The types of financing and the methods of execution under this Regulation should be chosen on the basis of their ability to achieve the specific objectives of the actions and to deliver results, taking into account, in particular, the costs of controls, the administrative burden, and the expected risk of non-compliance. This should include consideration of the use of lump sums, flat rates and unit costs, as well as financing not linked to costs as referred to in Article 125(1) of the Financial Regulation.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>24</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 25</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(25) The Union should continue to apply common rules for the implementation of the external actions. Rules and procedures for the implementation of the Union's instruments for financing external action are laid down in Regulation (EU) No [NDICI] of the European Parliament and of the Council. Additional detailed provisions should be laid down for addressing the specific situations in particular for cross-border cooperation, agriculture and rural development policy area.

(25) The Union should continue to apply common rules for the implementation of the external actions. Rules and procedures for the application of the Union's instruments for financing external action are laid down in Regulation (EU) No [NDICI] of the European Parliament and of the Council. Additional detailed provisions should be laid down for addressing the specific situations in particular for cross-border cooperation, agriculture and rural development policy area.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>25</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 26</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(26) External actions are often implemented in a highly volatile environment requiring a continuous and rapid adaptation to the evolving needs of Union partners and to global challenges such as human rights, democracy and good governance, security and stability, climate change and environment and irregular migration and its root causes. Reconciling the principle of predictability with the need to react rapidly to new needs consequently means adapting the financial implementation of the programmes. To increase the ability of the Union to respond to unforeseen needs, while respecting the principle that the Union budget is set annually, this Regulation should preserve the possibility to apply the flexibilities already allowed by the Financial Regulation for other policies, namely carry-overs and re-commitments of committed funds, to ensure an efficient use of the EU funds both for the EU citizens and the beneficiaries listed in Annex I, thus maximising the EU funds available for the EU external action interventions.

(26) External actions are often implemented in a highly volatile environment requiring a continuous and rapid adaptation to the evolving needs of Union partners and to global challenges such as human rights, democracy and good governance, security, defence and stability, climate change and environment, economic protectionism, irregular migration and forced displacement and its root causes. Reconciling the principle of predictability with the need to react rapidly to new needs consequently means adapting the financial execution of the programmes. To increase the ability of the Union to respond to unforeseen needs, while respecting the principle that the Union budget is set annually, this Regulation should preserve the possibility to apply the flexibilities already allowed by the Financial Regulation for other policies, namely carry-overs and re-commitments of committed funds while adhering to the goals and objectives laid down in this Regulation, to ensure an efficient use of the EU funds both for the EU citizens and the beneficiaries listed in Annex I, thus maximising the EU funds available for the EU external action interventions. Additional forms of flexibility should be allowed, such as reallocation among priorities, phasing projects and over-contracting.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>26</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 29 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(29 a) Cross border cooperation programmes are the most visible programmes of the Instrument of Pre-Accession Assistance, as well as being well-known by citizens. Cross border cooperation programmes could therefore significantly improve the visibility of  Union-funded projects in the candidate states;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>27</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 31 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(31 a) All funding allocations under this Regulation should be carried out in a transparent, effective, accountable, depoliticised and non-discriminatory manner, including by means of an equitable distribution reflecting the needs of the regions and local municipalities. The Commission, the Vice-President/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (“VP/HR”), and in particular Union delegations should monitor closely that those criteria are met and the principles of transparency, accountability and non-discrimination are respected in the allocation of funds.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>28</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 31 b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(31 b) The Commission, the VP/HR, and in particular Union delegations and the beneficiaries should enhance the visibility of the Union’s pre-accession assistance in order to communicate the added value of the Union’s support. The recipients of Union funding should acknowledge the origin of the Union’s funding and ensure its proper visibility. IPA should contribute to financing communication actions for promotion of the results of the Union’s assistance to multiple audiences in the beneficiaries.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>29</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 33</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(33) In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Regulation in particular on specific conditions and structures for indirect management with the beneficiaries listed in Annex I and on the implementation of rural development assistance, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with [Regulation (EU) No 182/201125 of the European Parliament and of the Council]. When establishing the uniform conditions for implementing this Regulation, the lessons learnt from the management and implementation of past pre-accession assistance should be taken into account. Those uniform conditions should be amended if developments so require.

deleted

_________________

 

25 Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission's exercise of implementing powers (OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13).

 

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>30</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 34</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(34) The committee established under this Regulation should be competent also for legal acts and commitments under Regulation (EC) No 1085/200626 , under Regulation (EU) No 231/2014 as well as for the implementation of Article 3 of Council regulation (EC) No 389/200627 .

deleted

_________________

 

26 Council Regulation (EC) No 1085/2006 of 17 July 2006 establishing an Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) (OJ L 210, 31.7.2006, p. 82).

 

27 Council Regulation (EC) No 389/2006 of 27 February 2006 establishing an instrument of financial support for encouraging the economic development of the Turkish Cypriot community and amending Regulation (EC) No 2667/2000 on the European Agency for Reconstruction (OJ L 65, 7.3.2006, p. 5).

 

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>31</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 34 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(34 a) The European Parliament should be fully involved in the design, programming, monitoring and evaluation phases of the instruments in order to guarantee political control and democratic scrutiny and accountability of Union funding in the field of external action. An enhanced dialogue between the institutions should be established in order to ensure that the European Parliament is in a position to exercise political control during the application of this Regulation in a systematic and smooth manner, therebyenhancing both efficiency and legitimacy.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>32</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 2 – paragraph 1 – point 1 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(1 a) ‘Fair share principle of assistance’ means complementing the performance-based approach with a corrective allocation mechanism, in cases where assistance provided to the beneficiary would otherwise be disproportionately low or high as compared to the other beneficiaries, taking into account the needs of the population affected and the relative progress on reforms related to the opening of accession negotiations or progress therein;

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>33</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 3 – paragraph 1</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The general objective of IPA III shall be to support the beneficiaries listed in Annex I in adopting and implementing the political, institutional, legal, administrative, social and economic reforms required by those beneficiaries to comply with Union values and to progressively align to Union rules, standards, policies and practices with a view to Union membership, thereby contributing to their stability, security and prosperity.

1. The general objective of IPA III shall be to support the beneficiaries in adopting and implementing the political, institutional, legal, administrative, social and economic reforms required by those beneficiaries to comply with Union values and acquis and to progressively align to Union rules, standards, policies and practices with a view to Union membership, thereby contributing to peace, stability, security and prosperity as well as to the strategic interests of the Union.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>34</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point a</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) To strengthen the rule of law, democracy, the respect of human rights, fundamental rights and international law, civil society and security as well as improve migration management including border management;

(a) to strengthen the rule of law, democracy, the respect of human rights, including those of minorities and children, gender equality, fundamental rights and international law, civil society, academic freedom, peace and security, the respect for cultural diversity, non-discrimination and tolerance;

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>35</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point a a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(a a) to address forced displacement and irregular migration, ensuring that migration takes place in a safe, orderly and regular manner, and safeguarding access to international protection;

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>36</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point b</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(b) To reinforce the effectiveness of public administration and support structural reforms and good governance at all levels;

(b) to reinforce the effectiveness of public administration and support transparency, structural reforms, judicial independence fight against corruption and good governance at all levels, including in the field of public procurement, state-aid, competition, foreign investments and intellectual property;

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>37</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point c</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) To shape the rules, standards, policies and practices of the beneficiaries listed in Annex I in alignment to those of the Union and to reinforce reconciliation and good neighbourly relations, as well as people to people contacts and communication;

(c) to shape the rules, standards, policies and practices of the beneficiaries in alignment to those of the Union, including on CFSP, strengthen the rules-based multilateral international order and to reinforce internal and external reconciliation and good neighbourly relations, as well as peace-building and conflict prevention, including through confidence-building and mediation, inclusive and integrated education people to people contacts, freedom of the media and communication;

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>38</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point d</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) To strengthen economic and social development including through increased connectivity and regional development, agriculture and rural development and social and employment policies, to reinforce environmental protection, increase resilience to climate change, accelerate the shift towards a low-carbon economy and develop the digital economy and society.

(d) to strengthen economic, social and territorial development and cohesion including through increased connectivity and regional development, agriculture and rural development and social and employment policies, reducing poverty and regional imbalances, promoting social protection and inclusion by strengthening state-level regional cooperation structures, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), the capacities of community-based initiatives, supporting investment in rural areas and improving business and investment climate;

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>39</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point d a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(da)  to reinforce environmental protection, increase resilience to climate change, accelerate the shift towards a low-carbon economy and develop the digital economy and society, thereby creating job opportunities, in particular for the youth;

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>40</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 3 – paragraph 2 – point e</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) to support territorial and cross-border cooperation.

(e) to support territorial and cross-border cooperation including across maritime borders, and enhance trade and economic relations by fully implementing existing agreements with the Union, reducing regional imbalances.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>41</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 4 – paragraph 1</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The financial envelope for the implementation of IPA III for the period 2021-2027 shall be EUR 14 500 000 000 in current prices.

1. The financial envelope for the implementation of IPA III for the period 2021-2027 shall be EUR 13 009 976 000 in 2018 prices (EUR 14 663 401 000 in current prices).

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>42</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 4 – paragraph 2</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The amount referred to in paragraph 1 may be used for technical and administrative assistance for the implementation of the Programme, such as preparatory, monitoring, control, audit and evaluation activities including corporate information technology systems and any activities related to the preparation of the successor programme for pre-accession assistance, in accordance with Article 20 of [NDICI Regulation].

2. A set percentage of the amount referred to in paragraph 1 shall be used for technical and administrative assistance for the execution of the Programme, which shall include preparatory, monitoring, control, audit and evaluation activities, support for institutional strengthening and administrative capacity-building including corporate information technology systems and any activities related to the preparation of the successor programme for pre-accession assistance.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>43</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 5 – paragraph 1</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. In implementing this Regulation, consistency, synergies and complementarities with other areas of Union external action, with other relevant Union policies and programmes, as well as policy coherence for development shall be ensured.

1. In applying this Regulation, consistency, synergies and complementarities with other areas of Union external action, with other relevant Union policies and programmes, as well as policy coherence for development shall be ensured.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>44</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 5 – paragraph 2</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The [NDICI Regulation] shall apply to activities implemented under this Regulation where referred to in this Regulation.

2. Regulation (EU) .../...[NDICI Regulation] shall apply to activities executed under this Regulation where referred to in this Regulation.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>45</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 5 – paragraph 4</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Assistance under IPA III may be provided to the type of actions provided for under the European Regional Development Fund and the Cohesion Fund30, the European Social Fund Plus31 and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development32 .

4. Assistance under IPA III may be provided to the type of actions provided for under the European Regional Development Fund and the Cohesion Fund30, the European Social Fund Plus31, the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development32 and the Justice, Rights and Values Fund, at national level as well as in a cross-border, transnational, interregional or macro-regional context.

__________________

__________________

30 COM(2018) 372 final Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund.

30 COM(2018) 372 final Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund.

31 COM(2018) 382 final Proposal of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Social Fund Plus (ESF+)

31 COM(2018) 382 final Proposal of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Social Fund Plus (ESF+)

32 COM(2018) 392 final Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing rules on support for strategic plans to be drawn up by Member States under the Common agricultural policy (CAP Strategic Plans) and financed by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and repealing Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

32 COM(2018) 392 final Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing rules on support for strategic plans to be drawn up by Member States under the Common agricultural policy (CAP Strategic Plans) and financed by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and repealing Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

</Amend>

 

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>46</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 5 – paragraph 4 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4a. The Commission shall allocate a percentage of IPA III resources to prepare the beneficiaries listed in Annex I for the participation in the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF), in particular in the European Social Fund (ESF).

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>47</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 5 – paragraph 5</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. The [ERDF]32 shall contribute to programmes or measures established for cross–border cooperation between the beneficiaries listed in Annex I and Member States. These programmes and measures shall be adopted by the Commission in accordance with Article 16. The amount of the contribution from IPA-CBC shall be determined pursuant to Article 10 (3) of [ETC Regulation]. IPA-Cross Border Cooperation programmes shall be managed in accordance with [ETC Regulation].

5. The [ERDF]32 shall contribute to programmes or measures established for cross–border cooperation between the beneficiaries and one or more Member States. These programmes and measures shall be adopted by the Commission in accordance with Article 16. The amount of the contribution from IPA-CBC shall be determined pursuant to Article 10 (3) of [ETC Regulation], with a maximum threshold for an IPA III contribution set at 85 %. IPA-Cross Border Cooperation programmes shall be managed in accordance with [ETC Regulation].

________________________

_____________________

32 COM(2018) 372 final Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund

32 COM(2018) 372 final Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>48</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 5 – paragraph 8</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

8. In duly justified circumstances and in order to ensure the coherence and effectiveness of Union financing or to foster regional cooperation, the Commission may decide to extend the eligibility of action programmes and measures referred to in Article 8(1) to countries, territories and regions other than those referred in Annex I, where the programme or measure to be implemented is of a global, regional or cross-border nature.

8. In duly justified circumstances and in order to ensure the coherence and effectiveness of Union financing or to foster regional cooperation, the Commission may decide to extend the eligibility of action programmes and measures referred to in Article 8(1) to countries, territories and regions other than those referred in Annex I, where the programme or measure to be applied is of a global, regional or cross-border nature.

</Amend> 

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>49</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 6 – paragraph 1</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. The enlargement policy framework defined by the European Council and the Council, the agreements that establish a legally binding relationship with the beneficiaries listed in Annex I, as well as relevant resolutions of the European Parliament, communications of the Commission or joint Communications of the Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, shall constitute the overall policy framework for the implementation of this regulation. The Commission shall ensure coherence between the assistance and the enlargement policy framework.

1. The enlargement policy framework defined by the European Council and the Council, the agreements that establish a legally binding relationship with the beneficiaries, as well as relevant resolutions of the European Parliament, communications of the Commission or joint Communications of the Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, shall constitute the comprehensive policy framework for the application of this regulation. The Commission shall ensure coherence between the assistance and the overall enlargement policy framework.

 

The VP/HR and the Commission shall ensure coordination between the Union’s external action and the enlargement policy within the framework of the policy objectives set out in Article 3.

 

The Commission shall coordinate programming under this Regulation with appropriate involvement of the EEAS.

 

The enlargement policy framework shall be the basis on which assistance is provided.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>50</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 6 – paragraph 2</Article>


 

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Programmes and actions under this Regulation shall mainstream climate change, environmental protection and gender equality and shall, where applicable, address interlinkages between Sustainable Development Goals33, to promote integrated actions that can create co-benefits and meet multiple objectives in a coherent way.

2. Programmes and actions under this Regulation shall mainstream climate change, environmental protection, human rights conflict prevention and resolution, migration and forced displacement, security, social and regional cohesion, poverty reduction and gender equality and shall, where applicable, address interlinkages between Sustainable Development Goals34, to promote integrated actions that can create co-benefits and meet multiple objectives in a coherent way. They shall aim to contribute at least 16 % of the overall financial envelope to climate objectives.

__________________

____________________

33 https://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/policies/sustainable-development-goals_en

33 https://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/policies/sustainable-development-goals_en

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>51</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 6 – paragraph 3</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. The Commission and the Member States shall cooperate in ensuring coherence and shall strive to avoid duplication between assistance provided under IPA III and other assistance provided by the Union, the Member States and the European Investment Bank, in line with the established principles for strengthening operational coordination in the field of external assistance, and for the harmonisation of policies and procedures, in particular the international principles on development effectiveness.35 Coordination shall involve regular consultations, frequent exchanges of information during the different phases of the assistance cycle and inclusive meetings aimed at coordinating the assistance and shall constitute a key step in the programming processes of the Union and the Member States.

3. The Commission and the Member States shall cooperate in ensuring coherence and shall avoid duplication between assistance provided under IPA III and other assistance provided by the Union, the Member States and the European Investment Bank, in line with the established principles for strengthening operational coordination in the field of external assistance, and for the harmonisation of policies and procedures, in particular the international principles on development effectiveness.35 Coordination shall involve regular consultations, frequent exchanges of information during the different phases of the assistance cycle and inclusive meetings aimed at coordinating the assistance and shall constitute a key step in the programming processes of the Union and the Member States. The assistance shall aim at ensuring alignment with the Union strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, effective and efficient implementation of the funds, arrangements for the partnership principle and an integrated approach to territorial development.

_________________

_________________

35 https://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/policies/eu-approach-aid-effectiveness_en

35 https://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/policies/eu-approach-aid-effectiveness_en

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>52</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 6 – paragraph 3 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3 a. The Commission shall act in partnership with the beneficiaries. The partnership shall include, as appropriate, competent national and local authorities, as well as civil society organisations, enabling them to play a meaningful role during the design, implementation and monitoring phases.

 

The Commission shall encourage coordination among the relevant stakeholders. IPA III assistance shall strengthen the capacities of civil society organisations, including, as appropriate, as direct beneficiaries of assistance;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>53</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Chapter 3 – title</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

IMPLEMENTATION

PROGRAMMING FRAMEWORK AND EXECUTION

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>54</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 7 – paragraph 1</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Assistance under IPA III shall be based on an IPA programming framework for the delivery of the specific objectives referred to in Article 3. The IPA programming framework shall be established by the Commission for the duration of the Union's multiannual financial framework.

1. This Regulation shall be supplemented by an IPA programming framework establishing further provisions on how the specific objectives referred to in Article 3 shall be pursued. The IPA programming framework shall be established by the Commission by means of delegated acts, in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article.

 

The Commission shall submit to the European Parliament the relevant programming documents in due time prior to the start of the programming period. Those documents shall lay down the indicative allocations per thematic window and, where available, per country/region, covering expected results and the choice of assistance arrangements.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>55</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 7 – paragraph 1 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. The European Parliament and the Council shall authorise the annual appropriations within the limits of the multiannual financial framework for the period from 2021 to 2027.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>56</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 7 – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The IPA programming framework shall take relevant national strategies and sector policies into due account.

The IPA programming framework shall take relevant resolutions and positions of the European Parliament and national strategies and sector policies into due account.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>57</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 7 – paragraph 3</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

3. Without prejudice to paragraph 4, the IPA programming framework shall be adopted by the Commission by means of an implementing act. That implementing act shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure of the Committee referred to in Article 16.

3. Without prejudice to paragraph 4 of this Article, the Commission shall adopt the IPA programming framework, including the arrangements to enact the “fair share” principle, by means of delegated acts in, accordance with Article 14. The IPA programming framework shall expire by 30 June 2025 at the latest. The Commission shall adopt a new IPA programming framework by 30 June 2025, based on the mid-term evaluation being consistent with the other external financing instruments and taking into account relevant resolutions of the European Parliament. The Commission may also review, where necessary, the effective implementation of the IPA programming framework, in particular where there are substantive changes in the policy framework referred to in Article 6 and taking into account relevant resolutions of the European Parliament.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>58</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 7 – paragraph 5</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. The IPA programming framework shall include indicators for assessing progress with regard to attainment of the targets set therein.

5. The IPA programming framework shall be based on clear and verifiable performance indicators set out in Annex IV to this Regulation for assessing progress with regard to attainment of the targets set therein, inter alia, progress and results in the areas of:

 

(a) democracy, the rule of law and an independent and efficient justice system;

 

(b) human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities and vulnerable groups;

 

(c) gender equality and women's rights;

 

(d) the fight against corruption and organised crime;

 

(e) reconciliation, peace-building, good neighbourly relations;

 

(f) freedom of the media

 

The Commission shall include progress against those indicators in its annual reports.

 

The performance-based approach under this Regulation shall be subject to a regular exchange of views in the European Parliament and in the Council.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>59</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 7 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 7a

 

Evaluation

 

1. The Commission shall adopt a new IPA programming framework based on the mid-term evaluation. No later than 30 June 2024, the Commission shall submit a mid-term evaluation report on the application of this Regulation. The mid-term evaluation report shall cover the period from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2023 and shall examine the Union contribution to the achievement of the objectives of this Regulation, by means of indicators measuring the results delivered and any findings and conclusions concerning the impact of this Regulation.

 

2. The mid-term evaluation report shall also address efficiency, the added value, the scope for simplification, internal and external coherence, and the continued relevance of the objectives of this Regulation.

 

3. The mid-term evaluation report shall be undertaken for the specific purpose of improving the application of Union funding. It shall inform decisions on the renewal, modification or suspension of the types of actions implemented under the Regulation.

 

4. The mid-term evaluation report shall also contain consolidated information from relevant annual reports on all funding governed by this Regulation, including external assigned revenues and contributions to trust funds offering a breakdown of spending by beneficiary country, use of financial instruments, commitments and payments.

 

5. The Commission shall communicate the conclusions of the evaluations accompanied by its observations, to the European Parliament, to the Council and to Member States. The results shall feed into programme design and resource allocation.

 

6. The Commission shall associate all relevant stakeholders in the evaluation process of the Union's funding provided under this Regulation, and may, where appropriate, seek to undertake joint evaluations with the Member States and development partners with close involvement of the partner countries.

 

7. The Commission shall submit the mid-term evaluation report referred to in this Article to the European Parliament and to the Council, accompanied, if appropriate, by legislative proposals setting out necessary amendments to this Regulation.

 

8. At the end of the period of application of this Regulation, but no later than four years after the end of the period specified in Article 1, the Commission shall carry out a final evaluation of the Regulation  on the same terms as the mid-term evaluation referred to in this Article.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>60</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 7 b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 7b

 

Suspension of Union assistance

 

1. Where a beneficiary fails to respect the principle of democracy, the rule of law, human rights and fundamental freedoms or violates the commitments taken in the relevant agreements concluded with the Union or consistently backslides on one or more of the Copenhagen criteria, the Commission shall be empowered, in accordance with Article 14, to adopt delegated acts to amend Annex I to this Regulation in order to suspend or partially suspend Union assistance. In the event of a partial suspension, the programmes for which the suspension applies shall be indicated.

 

2. Where the Commission finds that the reasons justifying the suspension of assistance no longer apply, it shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts, in accordance with Article 14, to amend Annex I in order to reinstate Union assistance.

 

3. In the event of a partial suspension, Union assistance shall primarily be used to support civil society organisations and non-state actors for measures aimed at promoting human rights and fundamental freedoms and supporting democratisation and dialogue processes in partner countries.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>61</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 7 c (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 7c

 

Governance

 

A horizontal steering group composed of all relevant Commission and EEAS services and chaired by the VP/HR or a representative of that office shall be responsible for the steering, coordination and management of this instrument throughout the management cycle in order to ensure consistency, efficiency, transparency and accountability of all Union external financing. The Vice-President/High Representative shall ensure overall political coordination of the Union’s external action. Throughout the whole cycle of programming, planning and application of the instrument, the Vice-President/High Representative and the EEAS shall work with the relevant members and services of the Commission. The Vice-President/High Representative, the EEAS and the Commission shall prepare all proposals for decisions in accordance with the Commission’s procedures and shall submit them for adoption.

 

The European Parliament shall be fully involved in the design, programming, monitoring and evaluation phases of the external financing instruments in order to guarantee political control and democratic scrutiny and accountability of Union funding in the field of external action.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>62</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 8 – title</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Implementing measures and methods

Executing measures and methods

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>63</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 8 – paragraph 1</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Assistance under IPA III shall be implemented in direct management or in indirect management in accordance with the Financial Regulation through annual or multi-annual action plans and measures as referred to in Chapter III of Title II of [NDICI Regulation]. Chapter III of Title II of [NDICI Regulation] shall apply to this Regulation with the exception of paragraph 1 of Article 24 [eligible persons and entities].

1. Assistance under IPA III shall be executed in direct management or in indirect management in accordance with the Financial Regulation through annual or multi-annual action plans and measures.as referred to in Chapter III a.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>64</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 8 – paragraph 1 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. Indirect management may be reversed if the beneficiary is unable or unwilling to administer the awarded funds in accordance with the established rules, principles and objectives under this Regulation. In the event of a beneficiary’s failure to observe the principles of democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms or in the event of violation of the commitments taken in the relevant agreements concluded with the Union, the Commission may, in specific policy areas or programmes, revert from indirect management with that beneficiary to indirect management by one or more entrusted entities other than a beneficiary or to direct management.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>65</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 8 – paragraph 1 b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1b. The Commission shall hold a dialogue with the European Parliament, and take into account the European Parliament’s views on areas in which the latter is running its own assistance programmes, such as capacity-building and election observation.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>66</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 8 – paragraph 2 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2a. The Commission shall keep the European Parliament fully involved on issues related to the planning and implementation of measures pursuant to this Article, including any envisaged substantial changes or allocations.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>67</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 8 – paragraph 2 b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

2b. Disbursement of the general or sector budget support shall be conditional upon satisfactory progress being made towards achieving the objectives agreed with a beneficiary.

 

The Commission shall apply the budget support conditionality criteria set out in the Article 23(4) of Regulation (EU) .../... [NDICI Regulation]. It shall take steps to reduce or suspend Union funding through budget support in cases of systemic irregularities in the management and control systems or unsatisfactory progress being made in achieving the objectives agreed with the beneficiary.

 

The reintroduction of assistance by the Commission following the suspension referred to in this Article shall be accompanied by a targeted assistance to national audit authorities.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>68</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Chapter III a (new) – title</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Chapter IIIa

 

Execution

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>69</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 8 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 8a

 

Action plans and measures

 

1. The Commission shall adopt annual or multiannual action plans or measures. The measures may take the form of individual measures, special measures, support measures or exceptional assistance measures. Action plans and measures shall specify for each action the objectives pursued, the expected results and main activities, the methods of application, the budget and any associated support expenditures.

 

2.  Action plans shall be based on programming documents, except for cases referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4.

 

When necessary, an action may be adopted as an individual measure before or after the adoption of action plans. Individual measures shall be based on programming documents, except for cases referred to in paragraph 3 and in other duly justified cases.

 

In the event of unforeseen needs or circumstances, and when funding is not possible from more appropriate sources, the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 34 of Regulation ...[NDICI Regulation] laying down special measures not based on the programming documents.

 

3. Annual or multiannual action plans and individual measures may be used to execute rapid response actions referred to in Article 4(4)(b) of Regulation ...[NDICI Regulation].

 

4.  The Commission may adopt exceptional assistance measures for rapid response actions as referred to in Article 4(4)(a) of Regulation ...[NDICI Regulation].

 

5. Measures taken under Article 19 (3) and (4) may have a duration of up to 18 months, which may be extended twice by a further period of up to six months, up to a total maximum duration of 30 months, in the event of objective and unforeseen obstacles to execution, provided that there is no increase in the financial amount of the measure.

 

In cases of protracted crisis and conflict, the Commission may adopt a second exceptional assistance measure of a duration of up to 18 months. In duly justified cases, further measures may be adopted where the continuity of the Union’s action under this paragraph is essential and cannot be ensured by other means.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>70</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 8 b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 8b

 

Support measures

 

1. Union financing may cover expenditure to support the execution of the Instrument and the achievement of its objectives, including administrative support associated with the preparation, follow-up, monitoring, control, audit and evaluation activities necessary for such execution, as well as expenditure at headquarters and Union delegations for the administrative support needed for the programme, and to manage operations financed under this Regulation, including information and communication actions, and corporate information technology systems.

 

2. When support expenditure is not included in the action plans or measures referred to in Article 8c, the Commission shall adopt, where applicable, support measures. Union financing under support measures may cover:

 

(a) studies, meetings, information, awareness-raising, training, preparation and exchange of lessons learnt and best practices, publication activities and any other administrative or technical assistance expenditure necessary for the programming and management of actions, including remunerated external experts;

 

(b) research and innovation activities and studies on relevant issues and the dissemination thereof;

 

(c) expenditure related to the provision of information and communication actions, including the development of communication strategies and corporate communication and visibility of the political priorities of the Union.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>71</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 8 c (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 8c

 

Adoption of action plans and measures

 

1. The Commission shall adopt action plans and measures by decision in accordance with the Financial Regulation.

 

2. The Commission shall take account of the relevant policy approach of the Council and the European Parliament for the planning and subsequent application of such action plans and measures, in the interests of consistency of the Union's external action.

 

The Commission shall immediately inform the European Parliament about the planning of action plans and measures pursuant to this Article, including the financial amounts envisaged, and shall also inform the European Parliament when making substantial changes or extensions to that assistance. As soon as possible following the adoption of an action plan or measure, and in any case within two months thereof, the Commission shall report to the European Parliament and to the Council and give an overview of the nature, context and rationale of the action plan or measure adopted, including its complementarity with the ongoing and planned Union response.

 

3. Before adopting any action plans and measures that are not based on programming documents pursuant to Article 7, the Commission shall adopt a delegated act in accordance with Article 14 to supplement this Regulation by setting out the specific objectives to be pursued, the results expected, the instruments to be used, the main activities and the indicative financial allocations of these action plans and measures.

 

4. Appropriate human rights, social and environmental screening, including for climate change and biodiversity impacts, shall be undertaken at the level of actions, in accordance with the applicable legislative acts of the Union, including Directive 2011/92/EU1a of the European Parliament and of the Council and Council Directive 85/337/EEC1b , comprising, where applicable, an environmental impact assessment for environmentally sensitive actions, in particular for major new infrastructure.

 

Where relevant, human rights, social and strategic environmental assessments shall be used in the execution of sectoral programmes. The Commission shall ensure the involvement of interested stakeholders in these assessments and public access to the results of such assessments.

 

__________________

 

1a Directive 2011/92/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment (codification) (OJ L 26 28.1.2012. p.1).

 

1b Council Directive 85/337/EEC of 27 June 1985 on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment (OJ L 175, 5.07.1985. p. 40).

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>72</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 8 d (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 8d

 

Methods of cooperation

 

1.  Financing under this Instrument shall be implemented by the Commission, as provided for by the Financial Regulation, either directly by the Commission itself, by Union delegations and by executive agencies, or indirectly through any of the entities listed in Article 62 (1) c) of the Financial Regulation.

 

2.  Financing under this Instrument may also be provided through contributions to international, regional or national funds, such as those established or managed by the EIB, by Member States, by partner countries and regions or by international organisations, or other donors.

 

3.  The entities listed in Article 62(1)(c) of the Financial Regulation and in Article 29(1) of of Regulation ...[NDICI Regulation] shall annually fulfil their reporting obligations under Article 155 of the Financial Regulation. The reporting requirements for any of these entities are laid down in the framework partnership agreement, the contribution agreement, the agreement on budgetary guarantees or the financing agreement.

 

4.  Actions financed under this Instrument may be implemented by means of parallel or joint co-financing.

 

5.  In the case of parallel co-financing, an action is split into a number of clearly identifiable components which are each financed by the different partners providing co-financing in such a way that the end-use of the financing can always be identified.

 

6.  In the case of joint co-financing, the total cost of an action is shared between the partners providing the co-financing and the resources are pooled in such a way that it is no longer possible to identify the source of financing for any given activity undertaken as part of the action.

 

7.  Cooperation between the Union and its partners may take the form, inter alia, of:

 

(a)  triangular arrangements whereby the Union coordinates with third countries its assistance funding to a partner country or region;

 

(b)  administrative cooperation measures such as twinning between public institutions, local authorities, national public bodies or private law entities entrusted with public service tasks of a Member State and those of a partner country or region, as well as cooperation measures involving public sector experts dispatched from the Member States and their regional and local authorities;

 

(c) contributions to the necessary costs of setting up and administering a public-private partnership including support of broad participation by setting up independent third party CSO body to assess and monitor public-private partnership set-ups;

 

(d)  sector policy support programmes whereby the Union provides support to a partner country's sector programme

 

(e)  contributions to the cost of the countries' participation in Union programmes and actions implemented by Union agencies and bodies, as well as bodies or persons entrusted with implementation of specific actions in the Common Foreign and Security Policy pursuant to Title V of the Treaty on European Union;

 

(f)  interest rate subsidies.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>73</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 8 e (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 8e

 

Forms of Union funding and methods of application

 

1.  The Union funding may be provided through the types of financing envisaged by the Financial Regulation and in particular:

 

(a)  grants;

 

(b)  procurement contracts for services, supplies or works;

 

(c)  budget support;

 

(d)  contributions to trust funds set up by the Commission, in accordance with Article 234 of the Financial Regulation;

 

(e)  financial instruments;

 

(f)  budgetary guarantees;

 

(g)  blending;

 

(h)  debt relief in the context of internationally agreed debt relief programme;

 

(i)  financial assistance;

 

(j)  remunerated external experts.

 

2. When working with stakeholders of partner countries, the Commission shall take into account their specificities, including their needs and the relevant context, when defining the financing modalities, the type of contribution, the award modalities and the administrative provisions for the management of grants, with a view to reaching and best responding to the widest possible range of such stakeholders. That assessment shall take into account the conditions for a meaningful participation and involvement of all stakeholders, in particular local civil society. Specific modalities shall be encouraged in accordance with the Financial Regulation, such as partnership agreements, authorisations of financial support to third parties, direct award or eligibility-restricted calls for proposals, or lump sums, unit costs and flat-rate financing as well as financing not linked to costs as envisaged in Article 125(1) of the Financial Regulation. Those different modalities shall ensure transparency, traceability and innovation. Cooperation between local and international NGOs shall be encouraged in order to bolster local civil society’s capacities with a view to achieving its full participation in development programmes.

 

3.  In addition of the cases referred to in Article 195 of the Financial Regulation, the direct award procedure may be used for;

 

(a) low-value grants to human rights defenders and to mechanisms for the protection of human rights defenders at risk, to finance urgent protection actions, where appropriate without the need for co-financing, as well as to mediators and other civil society actors involved in crisis and armed conflict related dialogue, conflict resolution, reconciliation and peace-building;

 

(b) grants, where appropriate without the need for co-financing, to finance actions in the most difficult conditions where the publication of a call for proposals would be inappropriate including situations where there is a serious lack of fundamental freedoms, threats to democratic institutions, escalation of crisis, armed conflict where human security is most at risk or where human rights organisations and defenders, mediators and other civil society actors involved in crisis and armed conflict related dialogue, reconciliation and peace-building operate under the most difficult conditions. Such grants shall not exceed EUR 1 000 000 and shall have a duration of up to 18 months, which may be extended by a further 12 months in the event of objective and unforeseen obstacles to their application;

 

(c) grants to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights as well as to Global Campus, the European Inter-University Centre for Human Rights and Democratisation, providing a European Master’s Degree in Human Rights and Democratisation, and its associated network of universities delivering human rights postgraduate diplomas, including scholarships to students, researchers, teachers, and human rights defenders from third countries.

 

(d) Small projects as described in Article 23a of of Regulation ...[NDICI Regulation].

 

Budget support as referred to in point (c) of paragraph 1, including through sector reform performance contracts, shall be based on country ownership, mutual accountability and shared commitments to universal values, democracy, human rights, gender equality, social inclusion and human development and the rule of law, and aims at strengthening partnerships between the Union and partner countries. It shall include reinforced policy dialogue, capacity development, and improved governance, complementing partners' efforts to collect more and spend better in order to support sustainable and inclusive socio-economic development which benefits all, decent job creation, with particular attention to young people, the reduction of inequalities and poverty eradication with due regard to local economies, environmental and social rights.

 

Any decision to provide budget support shall be based on budget support policies agreed by the Union, a clear set of eligibility criteria and a careful assessment of the risks and benefits. One of the key determinants of that decision shall be an assessment of the commitment, record and progress of partner countries with regard to democracy, human rights and the rule of law.

 

4.  Budget support shall be differentiated in such a way as to respond better to the political, economic and social context of the partner country, taking into account situations of fragility.

 

When providing budget support in accordance with Article 236 of the Financial Regulation, the Commission shall clearly define and monitor criteria for budget support conditionality, including progress in reforms and transparency, and shall support the development of parliamentary control, national audit capacities, CSO participation in monitoring and increased transparency and public access to information and development of strong public procurement systems that support local economic development and local businesses.

 

5.  Disbursement of the budget support shall be based on indicators demonstrating satisfactory progress being made towards achieving the objectives agreed with the partner country.

 

6.  Financial instruments under this Regulation may take forms such as loans, guarantees, equity or quasi-equity, investments or participations, and risk-sharing instruments, whenever possible and in accordance with the principles laid down in Article 209(1) of the Financial Regulation under the lead of the EIB, a multilateral European finance institution, such as the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, or a bilateral European finance institution, such as bilateral development banks, possibly pooled with additional other forms of financial support, both from Member States and third parties.

 

Contributions to Union financial instruments under this Regulation may be made by Member States as well as any entity referred to in Article 62(1)(c) of the Financial Regulation.

 

7. Those financial instruments may be grouped into facilities for application and reporting purposes

 

8. The Commission and the EEAS shall not enter into new or renewed operations with entities incorporated or established in jurisdictions defined under the relevant Union policy as non-cooperative, or that are identified as high risk third countries pursuant to Article 9(2) of Directive(EU) 2015/849 of the European Parliament and of the Council, or that do not effectively comply with Union or internationally agreed tax standards on transparency and exchange of information.

 

9.  The Union's funding shall not generate or activate the collection of specific taxes, duties or charges.

 

10.  Taxes, duties and charges imposed by partner countries may be eligible for financing under this Regulation.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>74</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 8 f (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 8f

 

Carry-overs, annual instalments, commitment appropriations, re-payments and revenue generated by financial instruments

 

1.  In addition to Article 12(2) of the Financial Regulation, unused commitment and payment appropriations under this Regulation shall be automatically carried over and may be committed up to 31 December of the following financial year. The carried-over amount shall be used first in the following financial year.

 

The Commission shall submit to the European Parliament and to the Council information on appropriations which were automatically carried over, including the amounts involved, in line with Article 12(6) of the Financial Regulation.

 

2.  In addition to the rules laid down in Article 15 of the Financial Regulation on making appropriations available again, commitment appropriations corresponding to the amount of decommitments made as a result of total or partial non implementation of an action under this Regulation shall be made available again to the benefit of the budget line of origin.

 

References to Article 15 of the Financial Regulation in Article 12(1)(b) of Regulation laying down the multi annual financial framework shall be understood as including a reference to this paragraph for the purpose of this Regulation.

 

3.  Budgetary commitments for actions extending over more than one financial year may be broken down over several years into annual instalments, in line with Article 112(2) of the Financial Regulation.

 

The third subparagraph of Article 114(2) of the Financial Regulation shall not apply to these multiannual actions. The Commission shall automatically de-commit any portion of a budgetary commitment for an action that by 31 December of the fifth year following that of the budgetary commitment has not been used for the purpose of pre-financing or making interim payments or for which no certified statement of expenditure or any payment request has been submitted.

 

Paragraph 2 of this Article shall also apply to annual instalments.

 

4.  By way of derogation from Article 209(3) of the Financial Regulation repayments and revenues generated by a financial instrument shall be assigned to the budget line of origin as internal assigned revenue after deduction of management costs and fees. Every five years, the Commission shall examine the contribution made to the achievement of Union objectives, and the effectiveness, of existing financial instruments.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>75</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 9 – paragraph 4</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. Where cross border cooperation programmes are discontinued in accordance with Article 12 of [ETC Regulation], support from this Regulation to the discontinued programme that remains available may be used to finance any other actions eligible under this Regulation.

4. Where cross border cooperation programmes are discontinued in accordance with Article 12 of [ETC Regulation], support from this Regulation to the discontinued programme that remains available may be used to finance any other actions eligible under this Regulation. In such a case, if there are no eligible actions to be financed in the current year, appropriations may be carried over to the following year. 

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>76</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Chapter VI – Title</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

MONITORING AND EVALUATION

MONITORING, REPORTING, EVALUATION AND COMMUNICATION

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>77</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 12 – paragraph 2</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Indicators to monitor implementation and progress of the IPA III towards the achievement of the specific objectives set out in Article 3 are set in Annex IV to this Regulation.

2. Indicators to monitor execution and progress of the IPA III towards the achievement of the specific objectives set out in Article 3 are set in Annex IV to this Regulation.

</Amend>

 

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>78</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 12 – paragraph 4</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

4. In addition to the indicators referred to in Annex IV, the enlargement reports shall be taken into account in the results framework of IPA III assistance.

4. In addition to the indicators referred to in Annex IV, the enlargement reports and the Commission's assessments of the Economic Reform Programmes shall be taken into account in the results framework of IPA III assistance.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>79</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 12 – paragraph 4 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

4 a. The Commission shall submit and present the interim and final evaluation reports referred to in Article 32 of Regulation (EU) .../... [NDICI Regulation] to the European Parliament and the Council. Those reports shall be made public by the Commission.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>80</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 12 – paragraph 5</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. In addition to Article 129 of the Financial Regulation on the protection of the financial interests of the Union, under indirect management, beneficiaries listed in Annex I shall report the irregularities including fraud which have been the subject of a primary administrative or judicial finding, without delay, to the Commission and keep the latter informed of the progress of administrative and legal proceeding. Reporting shall be done by electronic means, using the Irregularity Management System, established by the Commission.

5. In addition to Article 129 of the Financial Regulation on the protection of the financial interests of the Union, under indirect management, beneficiaries shall report the irregularities including fraud which have been the subject of a primary administrative or judicial finding, without delay, to the Commission and keep the latter informed of the progress of administrative and legal proceeding. Reporting shall be done by electronic means, using the Irregularity Management System, established by the Commission. The Commission shall support the development in the beneficiaries of parliamentary control and audit capacities and increased transparency and public access to information. The Commission, the VP/HR and in particular Union delegations in the beneficiaries shall ensure that all funding allocations under indirect management are carried out in a transparent, depoliticised and non-partial manner, including by equitable distribution, reflecting the needs of the regions and local municipalities.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>81</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 14 – paragraph 2</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. The power to adopt delegated acts as referred to in Article 13 shall be conferred on the Commission.

2. The power to adopt delegated acts as referred to in Articles 7(3), 7a (new), 13 and 15 shall be conferred on the Commission.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>82</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 14 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

Article 14 a

 

Democratic Accountability

 

1. In order to enhance dialogue between the institutions and services of the Union, in particular the European Parliament, the Commission and the EEAS, foster the overall coherence of all External Financing Instruments, and to ensure greater transparency and accountability, as well as the expediency in the adoption of acts and measures by the Commission, the European Parliament may invite the Commission and the EEAS to appear before it to discuss the strategic orientations and guidelines for the programming under this Regulation. That dialogue may take place prior to the adoption of delegated acts and of the draft annual budget by the Commission or, at the request of the European Parliament, the Commission or the EEAS, on an ad hoc basis in view of major political developments.

 

2. Where a dialogue referred to in paragraph 1 is due to take place, the Commission and the EEAS shall present to the European Parliament all relevant documents in relation to that dialogue. Where the dialogue is related to the annual budget, consolidated information on all action plans and measures adopted or planned in accordance with Article 8 c , information on cooperation per country, region and thematic area, and the use of rapid response actions and the External Action Guarantee shall be provided.

 

3. The Commission and the EEAS shall take the utmost account of the position expressed by the European Parliament. In the event that the Commission or the EEAS do not take the European Parliament's positions into account, they shall provide due justification.

 

4. The Commission and the EEAS, in particular through the steering group pursuant to Article 7 c, shall be responsible for keeping the European Parliament informed about the state of this Regulation’s application, in particular about ongoing measures, actions and results.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>83</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 15 – title</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Adoption of further implementing rules

Adoption of further rules

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>84</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 15 – paragraph 1</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Specific rules establishing uniform conditions for implementing this Regulation in particular in relation to the structures to be set up in preparation for accession and to rural development assistance, shall be adopted in accordance with the examination procedure referred to in Article 16.

1. Specific rules in relation to the structures to be set up in preparation for accession and to rural development assistance, shall be adopted by means of delegated acts.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>85</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 15 – paragraph 2</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

2. Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No. 182/2011 shall apply.

2. The Commission shall adopt action plans and measures by decision in accordance with the Financial Regulation.

</Amend><Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>86</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 16</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Article 16

deleted

Committee

 

1.  The Commission shall be assisted by a committee (the ‘Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance Committee’). That committee shall be a committee within the meaning of [Regulation (EU) No 182/2011].

 

2.  Where the opinion of the committee is to be obtained by a written procedure, the procedure shall be terminated without result when, within the time limit for delivery of the opinion, the chair of the committee so decides or a simple majority of committee members so requests.

 

3.  An observer from the EIB shall take part in the Committee's proceedings with regard to questions concerning the EIB.

 

4.  The IPA III Committee shall assist the Commission and shall be competent also for legal acts and commitments under Regulation (EC) No 1085/2006, Regulation 231/2014 and the implementation of Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 389/2006.

 

5.  The IPA III Committee shall not be competent for the contribution to Erasmus+ as specified in Article 5(3).

 

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>87</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 17 – title</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Information, communication and publicity

Information, communication, visibility and publicity

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>88</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 17 – paragraph 1</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

1. Articles 36 and 37 of [Regulation NDICI] shall apply.

1. When providing financial assistance under this Regulation, the Commission, the VP/HR and in particular the Union delegations in the beneficiaries shall take all necessary measures to ensure the visibility of the Union's financial support, including monitoring recipients' compliance with those requirements. IPA-financed actions shall be subject to the requirements set out in the Communication and Visibility Manual for EU External Actions. The Commission shall adopt guidance for Union-funded projects on visibility and communication actions for each beneficiary.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>89</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 17 – paragraph 1 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. The Commission shall take measures to strengthen strategic communication and public diplomacy for communicating the values of the Union and highlighting the added value of the Union’s support.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>90</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 17 – paragraph 1 b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1b. The recipients of Union funding shall acknowledge the origin of the Union funding and ensure its proper visibility by:

 

(a) providing a statement highlighting the support received from the Union in a visible manner on documents and communication material relating to the implementation of the funds, including on an official website, where such a website exists; and

 

(b) promoting the actions and their results by providing coherent, effective and proportionate targeted information to multiple audiences, including the media and the public.

 

The Commission shall implement information and communication actions relating to this Regulation, as well as the actions set out by it and the results achieved. Financial resources allocated to this Regulation shall also contribute to the corporate communication of the political priorities of the Union, insofar as those priorities are directly related to the objectives referred to in Article 3 and in Annexes II and III.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>91</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 19 – paragraph 2</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

It shall apply from 1 January 2021.

It shall apply from 1 January 2021 until 31 December 2027.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>92</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex II – paragraph 1 – point a</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) Establishing and promoting from an early stage the proper functioning of the institutions necessary in order to secure the rule of law. Interventions in this area shall aim at: establishing independent, accountable and efficient judicial systems, including transparent and merit-based recruitment and promoting judicial cooperation, evaluation and promotion systems and effective disciplinary procedures in cases of wrongdoing; ensuring the establishment of robust systems to protect the borders, manage migration flows and provide asylum to those in need; developing effective tools to prevent and fight organised crime, trafficking in human beings, migrants smuggling, money laundering/financing of terrorism and corruption; promoting and protecting human rights, rights of persons belonging to minorities including Roma as well as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex persons fundamental freedoms, including freedom of the media and data protection.

(a) Establishing and promoting from an early stage the proper functioning of the institutions necessary in order to secure the rule of law. Interventions in this area shall aim at: separation of powers, establishing independent, accountable and efficient judicial systems, including transparent and merit-based recruitment and promoting judicial cooperation, evaluation and promotion systems and effective disciplinary procedures in cases of wrongdoing; ensuring the establishment of adequate systems to protect the borders, manage migration flows and provide asylum to those in need; developing effective tools to prevent and fight organised crime, trafficking in human beings, migrants smuggling, drug trafficking, money laundering/financing of terrorism and corruption; promoting and protecting human rights, including rights of the child, gender equality, rights of persons belonging to minorities including Roma as well as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex persons fundamental freedoms, including freedom of the media and data protection.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>93</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex II – paragraph 1 – point c</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(c) Strengthening economic governance: Interventions shall aim at supporting participation in the economic reform programme (ERP) process and systematic cooperation with international financial institutions on fundamentals of economic policy. Enhancing the capacity to strengthen macroeconomic stability and supporting progress towards becoming a functioning market economy with the capacity to cope with competitive pressures and market forces within the Union;

(c) Strengthening economic governance: Interventions shall aim at supporting participation in the economic reform programme (ERP) process and systematic cooperation with international financial institutions on fundamentals of economic policy and strengthening of multilateral economic institutions. Enhancing the capacity to strengthen macroeconomic stability, social cohesion and supporting progress towards sustainable development and becoming a functioning market economy with the capacity to cope with competitive pressures and market forces within the Union;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>94</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex II – paragraph 1 – point d</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(d) Strengthening the Union and its partners' capacity to prevent conflict, build peace and address pre-and post-crisis including through early warning and conflict-sensitive risk analysis; promoting people to people networking, reconciliation, peace-building and confidence-building measures, supporting capacity building in support of security and development (CBSD) actions.

(d) Strengthening the Union and its partners' capacity to prevent conflict, build peace, good neighbourly relations and address pre-and post-crisis including through early warning and conflict-sensitive risk analysis; promoting people to people networking, reconciliation, accountability, international justice, peace-building and confidence-building measures, including setting up the Regional commission for the establishment of facts about war crimes and other serious violations of human rights committed in the former Yugoslavia (RECOM), as well as supporting capacity building in support of security and development (CBSD) actions, strengthening the capabilities of cyber defence and strategic communication to foster systematic uncovering of disinformation..

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>95</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex II – paragraph 1 – point e</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) Strengthening the capacities of civil society organisations and social partners' organisations, including professional associations, in beneficiaries listed in Annex I and encouraging networking at all levels among Union-based organisations and those of beneficiaries listed in Annex I, enabling them to engage in an effective dialogue with public and private actors.

(e) Strengthening the capacities, independence and plurality of civil society organisations and social partners' organisations, including professional associations, in beneficiaries and encouraging networking at all levels among Union-based organisations and those of beneficiaries, enabling them to engage in an effective dialogue with public and private actors. Assistance shall endeavour to be accessible to a variety of organisations in beneficiaries that is as wide as possible.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>96</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex II – paragraph 1 – point f</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f) Promoting the alignment of partner countries’ rules, standards, policies and practices to those of the Union, including state aid rules.

(f) Promoting the alignment of partner countries’ rules, standards, policies and practices to those of the Union, including CFSP, public procurement and state aid rules.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>97</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex II – paragraph 1 – point g</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g) Strengthening access to and quality of education, training and lifelong learning at all levels, and offering support to cultural and creative sectors. Interventions in this area shall aim at: promoting equal access to quality early-childhood education and care, primary and secondary education, improving the provision of basic skills; increasing educational attainment levels, reducing early school-leaving and reinforcing teachers’ training. Developing vocational education and training (VET) systems and promoting work-based learning systems to facilitate the transition to the labour market; improving the quality and relevance of higher education; encouraging alumni related activities; enhancing access to lifelong learning and supporting investment in education and training infrastructure particularly with a view to reducing territorial disparities and fostering non-segregated education and including through the use of digital technologies.

(g) Strengthening access to and quality of education, training and lifelong learning at all levels, and offering support to cultural and creative sectors and sport. Interventions in this area shall aim at: promoting equal access to quality inclusive and community-based  early childhood education and care, primary and secondary education, improving the provision of basic skills; increasing educational attainment levels, reducing early school-leaving and reinforcing teachers’ training; empowering children and youth and enabling them to reach their full potential. Developing vocational education and training (VET) systems and promoting work-based learning systems to facilitate the transition to the labour market; improving the quality and relevance of higher education; encouraging alumni related activities; enhancing access to lifelong learning and physical activity and supporting investment in education and training and sport infrastructure particularly with a view to reducing territorial disparities and fostering non-segregated education and including through the use of digital technologies.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>98</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex II – paragraph 1 – point h</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(h) Fostering quality employment and access to the labour market. Interventions in this area shall aim at: tackling high unemployment and inactivity by supporting sustainable labour market integration in particular of young people (especially those not in employment, education or training (NEET)), women, long-term unemployed and all under-represented groups. Measures shall stimulate quality job creation and support the effective enforcement of labour rules and standards across the entire territory. Other key areas of intervention shall be to support gender equality, promoting employability and productivity, the adaptation of workers and enterprises to change, the establishment of a sustainable social dialogue and the modernisation and strengthening of labour market institutions such as public employment services and labour inspectorates.

(h) Fostering quality employment and access to the labour market. Interventions in this area shall aim at: tackling high unemployment and inactivity by supporting sustainable labour market integration in particular of young people (especially those not in employment, education or training (NEET)), women, long-term unemployed and all under-represented groups. Measures shall stimulate quality job creation and support the effective enforcement of labour rules and internationally agreed standards across the entire territory including by fostering adherence to the key principles and rights as referred to in the European Pillar of Social Rights. Other key areas of intervention shall be to support gender equality, promoting employability and productivity, the adaptation of workers and enterprises to change, the establishment of a sustainable social dialogue and the modernisation and strengthening of labour market institutions such as public employment services and labour inspectorates.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>99</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex II – paragraph 1 – point i</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(i) Promoting social protection and inclusion and combating poverty. Interventions in this area shall aim at modernising social protection systems to provide effective, efficient, and adequate protection throughout all stages of a person’s life, fostering social inclusion, promoting equal opportunities and addressing inequalities and poverty. Interventions in this area shall also focus on: integrating marginalised communities such as the Roma; combating discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation; enhancing access to affordable, sustainable and high quality services, such as early childhood education and care, housing, healthcare and essential social services and long term care, including through the modernisation of social protection systems.

(i) Promoting social protection and inclusion and combating poverty. Interventions in this area shall aim at modernising social protection systems to provide effective, efficient, and adequate protection throughout all stages of a person’s life fostering social inclusion, promoting equal opportunities, addressing inequalities and poverty, and promoting the transition from institutional to family and community based care. Interventions in this area shall also focus on: integrating marginalised communities such as the Roma; combating discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation; enhancing access to affordable, sustainable and high quality family and community based services, such as inclusive and non-segregated early childhood education and care, housing, healthcare and essential social services and long term care, including through the modernisation of social protection systems. Actions that contribute to any form of segregation or social exclusion shall not be supported.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>100</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex II – paragraph 1 – point j</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(j) Promoting smart, sustainable, inclusive, safe transport and removing bottlenecks in key network infrastructures, by investing in projects with high EU value-added. The investments should be prioritised according to their relevance to TEN-T connections with the EU, contribution to sustainable mobility, reduced emissions, environmental impact, safe mobility, in synergy with the reforms promoted by the Transport Community Treaty.

(j) Promoting smart, sustainable, inclusive, safe transport and removing bottlenecks in key network infrastructures, by investing in projects with high EU value-added. The investments should be prioritised according to their relevance to TEN-T connections with the EU, cross-border links, job creation, contribution to sustainable mobility, reduced emissions, environmental impact, safe mobility, in synergy with the reforms promoted by the Transport Community Treaty.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>101</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex II – paragraph 1 – point k</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(k) Improving the private-sector environment and competitiveness of enterprises, including smart specialisation, as key drivers of growth, job creation and cohesion. Priority shall be given to projects which improve the business environment.

(k) Improving the private-sector environment and competitiveness of enterprises, in particular SMEs, including smart specialisation, as key drivers of growth, job creation and cohesion. Priority shall be given to sustainable projects which improve the business environment.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>102</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex II – paragraph 1 – point m</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(m) Contributing to the security and safety of food supply and the maintenance of diversified and viable farming systems in vibrant rural communities and the countryside.

(m) Contributing to the security and safety of food and water supply and the maintenance of diversified and viable farming systems in vibrant rural communities and the countryside.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>103</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex II – paragraph 1 – point p</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(p) Increasing the ability of the agri-food and fisheries sectors to cope with competitive pressure and market forces as well as to progressively align with the Union rules and standards, while pursuing economic, social and environmental goals in balanced territorial development of rural and coastal areas.

(p) Increasing the ability of the agri-food and fisheries sectors to cope with competitive pressure and market forces as well as to progressively align with the Union rules and standards with a view to raising the capacity to exports to the Union market, while pursuing economic, social and environmental goals in balanced territorial development of rural and coastal areas.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>104</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex II – paragraph 1 – point p a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(p a) Promoting activities and improving long-term strategies and policies aimed at preventing and countering radicalisation and violent extremism.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>105</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex III – paragraph 1 – point a</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(a) promoting employment, labour mobility and social and cultural inclusion across borders through, inter alia: integrating cross-border labour markets, including cross-border mobility; joint local employment initiatives; information and advisory services and joint training; gender equality; equal opportunities; integration of immigrants' communities and vulnerable groups; investment in public employment services; and supporting investment in public health and social services;

(a) promoting employment, labour mobility and social and cultural inclusion across borders through, inter alia: integrating cross-border labour markets, including cross-border mobility; joint local employment initiatives; information and advisory services and joint training; gender equality; equal opportunities; integration of immigrants' communities and vulnerable groups; investment in public employment services; and supporting investment in public health as well as the transition to family- and community-based social services;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>106</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex III – paragraph 1 – point d a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(d a) promoting the removal of unnecessary barriers to trade, including bureaucratic hurdles, tariffs and non-tariffs barriers 

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>107</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex III – paragraph 1 – point e</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(e) encouraging tourism and cultural and natural heritage;

(e) encouraging tourism, sport, and cultural and natural heritage;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>108</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex III – paragraph 1 – point f</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(f) investing in youth, education and skills through, inter alia, developing and implementing joint education, vocational training, training schemes and infrastructure supporting joint youth activities;

(f) investing in youth, sport, education and skills through, inter alia, ensuring skills and qualifications recognition,  developing and implementing joint education, vocational training, training schemes and infrastructure supporting joint youth activities;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>109</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex III – paragraph 1– point g</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(g) promoting local and regional governance and enhancing the planning and administrative capacity of local and regional authorities;

(g) promoting local and regional governance, including cross-border cooperation between administrations with a view to fostering reconciliation and peace-building, enhancing the planning and administrative capacity of local and regional authorities;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>110</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex III – paragraph 1 – point g a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(ga) investing in the capacity-building of civil society organisations;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>111</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex III – paragraph 1 – point g b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(g b) promoting cross-border cooperation between administrations with a view to fostering reconciliation and peace-building, including setting up the Regional commission for the establishment of facts about war crimes and other serious violations of human rights committed in the former Yugoslavia (RECOM);

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>112</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex III – paragraph 1 – point i a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(i a) improving cross-border police and judicial cooperation and information exchange to facilitate the investigation and prosecution of cross-border organised crime and linked cases of economic and financial crime and corruption, trafficking and smuggling.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>113</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex IV – paragraph 1 – introductory part</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

The following list of key performance indicators shall be used to help measure the Union’s contribution to the achievement of its specific objectives:

The following list of key performance indicators and their annual evolution shall be used to help measure the Union’s contribution to the achievement of its specific objectives and the progress made by the beneficiaries:

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>114</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 1 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1a. Composite indicator on partners´ efforts related to reconciliation, peace-building, good neighbourly relations and international obligations, gender equality and women's rights;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>115</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 1 b (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1b.  Absence of violence indicator in conjunction with reductions in drivers of conflict (e.g political or economic exclusion) against a baseline assessment.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>116</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 1 c (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

1c. The share of the beneficiaries’ citizens that think they are well informed about the Union's assistance under this Regulation (source European Commission).

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>117</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 3 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

3a. The rate and annual evolution of the alignment with the CFSP decisions and measures (source EEAS).

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>118</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 5</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

5. Public social security expenditure (percentage of GDP) (source ILO) or Employment Rate (source: national statistics)

5. Public social security expenditure (percentage of GDP), as indicated by ILO, health expenditure, income inequality, poverty rate, employment rate and unemployment rate, as indicated by official national statistics.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>119</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 5 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

5a. Changes in the GINI coefficient of a beneficiary over time.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>120</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 10</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

10. Number of cross-border cooperation programmes concluded among IPA beneficiaries and IPA/EU MS (source European Commission)

10. Number of cross-border cooperation programmes concluded and implemented among IPA beneficiaries and IPA/EU MS, as indicated by the European Commission.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>121</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex IV – paragraph 1 – point 10 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

10a. The number of new organisations participating in actions and programmes over time.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>122</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Annex IV –paragraph 2</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

Indicators will, where relevant, be sex disaggregated.

Indicators will, where relevant, be disaggregated at minimum age and gender level.

</Amend>

EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

 

Since 2007, the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance has been the main financial instrument supporting reforms in the candidate and potential candidate countries, i.e. the six Western Balkan countries and Turkey, aimed at preparing the beneficiaries for the obligations of the EU membership. IPA funding supports the accession process by building up capacities and bringing positive, irreversible, long-term changes in the countries, aiming to become future members of the EU. The legal framework of the second generation of the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA II) approved back in 2014 is set to expire on 31 December 2020.

General remarks

Parliament’s position on the overall 2021-2027 financial framework, reflected in the Interim report on the new MFF (2018/0166R(APP)), shapes its stance on the envelope for the IPA III Regulation. The MFF and IPA III should be revised before 2027 in an event of accession(s) to the Union, to take account of the resulting expenditure requirements.

The co-rapporteurs note the proposal to increase the 2021-2027 IPA envelope in nominal terms to EUR 14.5 billion (current prices), but are convinced that a failure to match or exceed the 2014-2020 IPA II allocations in real terms would fail to ensure sufficient funding during the period that is critical to the accession process and implementation of the EU-related reforms.

IPA funding is a long-term investment into the European future the Western Balkans, and efficient use of the EU funds must be secured via stringent control and monitoring to ensure delivery of results and good value for the tax-payers’ money.

Without prejudice to the final decision concerning the proposed merger of the most other EU External Financing Instruments (EFIs) under the umbrella of Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI), it is important that enlargement policy continues to be financed under a separate dedicated instrument, while ensuring sufficient alignment and coherence between the EFIs. Your co-rapporteurs underline the need for the IPA to remain a standalone instrument due to a specific nature of the enlargement process within the external action, underpinned by the Western Balkans Strategy and the relationship with Turkey.

Your co-rapporteurs are convinced that IPA financing for cross-border co-operation with the EU members states under the European Territorial Cooperation (Interreg) should be limited and monitored to safeguard a more balanced co-contribution. This would ensure that it does not replace, but rather complements and encourages existing or potential cooperation between and among IPA beneficiaries under the thematic priorities established in the Annex III.

Clearer strategic focus

For the candidate countries, the third generation of IPA must be shaped to function as a springboard for implementing the future cohesion framework after they join the EU; for the potential candidates, it must set ground to prepare for the reforms related to the accession negotiations.  It is vital to ensure a smooth transition from IPA II to IPA III and, after the accession of new members, from IPA III to the framework of the European Structural and Investment Funds.

The pre-accession assistance must continue supporting cross-cutting, EU-focused political, institutional, legal, administrative and socio-economic reforms in candidate and potential candidate countries. They are based on the Copenhagen criteria, conditionality and progressive alignment to Union’s rules, standards and policies.

The funding should be refocused to address specific fundamental needs and overdue essential reforms in each of the countries concerned. Along with a stronger emphasis on the well-established existing IPA priorities, covering the rule of law, fundamental rights, good governance, socio-economic cohesion and a thorough preparation across the 35 chapters of the EU acquis, including the CFSP alignment, the IPA III must strengthen the recipients’ resilience across the areas of migration, security, gender equality, climate protection and trade facilitation.

IPA III must also put greater emphasis on the social dimension of the enlargement policy by fostering cohesion and convergence on the rights and principles enshrined in the European Pillar of Social Rights. In addition to a stronger focus on social market economy, social and regional cohesion in the IPA implementation, social dimension needs to be taken into account in the mid-term review of the IPA and assessed via clear and measurable indicators, such as the GINI coefficient.

The EU must refocus efforts on strengthening democratisation by reinforcing capacities of parliaments, civil society and the media, while supporting measures to achieve a genuine political dialogue and reconciliation as a prerequisite for peace. In this respect, the cross-border cooperation, improving dialogue, neighbourly relations, regional connectivity and economic integration, is of a great importance.

Stronger role for the EP

While the role of the Parliament is to provide the general direction and scrutiny of the external financing instruments rather than their "micromanagement", your co-rapporteurs underline the need to safeguard the role of the EP and the duty of the Commission to keep the Parliament regularly, timely and fully involved.

Drawing from the lessons learned from the IPA II mid-term review, your rapporteurs propose to strengthen the involvement of the European Parliament without compromising the speed of decision-making by increasing the use of delegated acts procedure.

Your rapporteurs are also convinced that the programming framework should be subject to “a sunset clause”, that would ensure its genuine mid-term review.

It is essential that the EP’s positions in areas in which Parliament has its own assistance programmes, such as capacity-building, mediation and election observation, are fully taken into account in the overall programming.

Greater involvement of the civil society and local authorities

It is of a particular importance that funding is allocated in a transparent, effective, accountable, depoliticised and non-discriminatory manner, including equitable distribution reflecting the needs of the regions and local municipalities.

Your co-rapporteurs underline the crucial role played by the EU delegations on the ground in ensuring proper use and visibility of the EU funding and in involving a wide-range of relevant civil society organisations and local authorities during different stages of the assistance cycle.

Performance-based approach

The major change within the proposed programming framework is a shift from per-country allocations to priority-based allocations under a ‘fair share’ principle, i.e. IPA programming through five ‘windows’ mirroring specific objectives and performance.

Your co-rapporteurs support the increased flexibility of moving away from country envelopes towards thematic priority ‘window’ allocations and the performance-based approach. IPA III programming and performance framework, based on the needs and performance criteria and a fair share principle, should be operationalised and fine-tuned via delegated acts during the course of IPA III preparation, implementation and evaluation.

Enhanced conditionality

While supporting a reinforced performance-based approach, your rapporteurs suggest strengthening the conditionality of IPA assistance by envisaging a possibility of suspending pre-accession assistance in cases of breaches of the principles of democracy, the rule of law, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and commitments taken in the relevant agreements concluded with the Union. In this regard, the monitoring, suspension and reinstatement mechanism enshrined in the EU’s Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP) can serve as an example.

In line with the Articles 2 and 49, and by an analogy with the Article 7 of the Treaty on European Union, the future EU member states should face suspension of the Union assistance for violating fundamental EU values and for backsliding on the rule law. In line with the sound financial management rule under the Financial Regulation (No 966/2012), in accordance with the principles of economy, efficiency and effectiveness, the Commission should also suspend payments in cases of systemic errors, calling into question the legality and regularity of transactions.

The co-rapporteurs recall the need to apply and follow up on conditionality at a political and at a project level and reinforce systematic monitoring and evaluations of sensitive programmes and projects. Annual allocations must be based on a viable monitoring and evaluation framework, to be established through a delegated act, and a thorough performance exercise, reflecting the progress made or a lack of it.

Noting the backlogs and delays in implementation of the IPA I & II, you rapporteurs urge to keep the flexibility to carry-over and re-commit funds already committed, while encouraging the Commission to reconsider reintroducing direct management where appropriate, in particular in order to fight high level corruption and organised crime and to strengthen civil society  and reinforce media freedom.

Budget support must be reduced or suspended in cases of systemic irregularities in the management and control systems or unsatisfactory progress being made towards achieving the objectives agreed with the beneficiary countries. Stronger conditionality for the budget support, based on progress in reforms and sound management, must be coupled with a targeted assistance fostering development of parliamentary control, national audit capacities and increased transparency and public access to information.

Enhanced visibility

With IPA support channelled to the countries aiming to become the members of the EU, your co-rapporteurs call for better-targeted communication efforts in order to ensure the visibility of the EU funding, permitting to better follow-up and to capitalise on the EU investment. The Commission, the EU delegations on the ground and the beneficiaries of IPA should improve communication on the results of the EU assistance in order to contribute to better understanding of its benefits to improving lives of citizens.

Alignment of general rules governing external financing

While the enlargement policy shall continue to be supported under a dedicated instrument, IPA III provisions should be consistent with the overall financing architecture of the Union’s external action. In line with the outcome of AFET vote on the IPA III, the relevant horizontal provisions of this Regulation that should be aligned with those of the NDICI during the plenary phase cover rules on action plans, measures, application methods; evaluation; governance and democratic accountability.


 

OPINION of the Committee on International Trade (4.12.2018)

<CommissionInt>for the Committee on Foreign Affairs</CommissionInt>


<Titre>on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA III)</Titre>

<DocRef>(COM(2018)0465 – C8‑0274/2018 – 2018/0247(COD))</DocRef>

Rapporteur for opinion: <Depute>David Borrelli</Depute> 

 

 

AMENDMENTS

The Committee on International Trade calls on the Committee on Foreign Affairs, as the committee responsible, to take into account the following amendments:

<RepeatBlock-Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>1</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 2</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(2) The objectives of an instrument for pre-accession are substantially distinct from the general objectives of Union external action as this instrument aims to prepare the beneficiaries listed in Annex I for future membership of the Union and support their accession process. It is therefore essential to have a dedicated instrument in support of enlargement, while ensuring its complementarity with the general objectives of Union external action and in particular with the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI).

(2) The objectives of an instrument for pre-accession are substantially distinct from the general objectives of Union external action as this instrument aims to prepare the beneficiaries listed in Annex I for future membership of the Union and support their accession process. It is therefore essential to have a dedicated instrument in support of enlargement, while ensuring its complementarity and consistency with the general objectives of Union external action and in particular with the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI).

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>2</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 5</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(5) The enlargement policy of the Union is an investment in peace, security and stability in Europe. It provides increased economic and trade opportunities to the mutual benefit of the Union and the aspiring Member States. The prospect of Union membership has a powerful transformative effect, embedding positive democratic, political, economic and societal change.

(5) The enlargement policy of the Union is an investment in peace, security and stability in Europe. It provides increased economic and trade opportunities to the mutual benefit of the Union and the aspiring Member States while respecting the principle of asymmetric and progressive integration to ensure a smooth transformation for the fragile economies of the aspiring Member States. The prospect of Union membership has a powerful transformative effect, embedding positive democratic, political, economic and societal change.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>3</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 7</Article>

 

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(7) Assistance should also be provided in compliance with the agreements concluded by the Union with the beneficiaries listed in Annex I. Assistance should mainly focus on assisting the beneficiaries listed in Annex I to strengthen democratic institutions and the rule of law, reform the judiciary and public administration, respect fundamental rights and promote gender equality, tolerance, social inclusion and non-discrimination. Assistance should also support the key principles and rights as defined in the European Pillar of Social Rights16. Assistance should continue to support their efforts to advance regional, macro-regional and cross-border cooperation as well as territorial development, including through implementation of Union macro-regional strategies. It should also enhance their economic and social development and economic governance, underpinning a smart, sustainable and inclusive growth agenda, including through implementation of regional development, agriculture and rural development, social and employment policies and the development of the digital economy and society, also in line with the flagship initiative Digital Agenda for the Western Balkans.

(7) Assistance should also be provided in compliance with the agreements concluded by the Union with the beneficiaries listed in Annex I. Assistance should mainly focus on assisting the beneficiaries listed in Annex I to strengthen democratic institutions and the rule of law, reform the judiciary and public administration, respect fundamental rights and promote gender equality, tolerance, social inclusion and non-discrimination. Assistance should also support the key principles and rights as defined in the European Pillar of Social Rights16. Assistance should continue to support their efforts to advance regional, macro-regional and cross-border cooperation as well as territorial development, including through implementation of Union macro-regional strategies. It should also promote good neighbourly relations, reconciliation and regional cooperation. It should  enhance their economic and social development and economic governance, foster economic integration with the EU single market, including customs cooperation, promote an open and fair trade, underpinning a smart, sustainable and inclusive growth agenda, including through implementation of regional development, agriculture and rural development, social and employment policies and the development of the digital economy and society, also in line with the flagship initiative Digital Agenda for the Western Balkans.

_________________

_________________

16 European Pillar of Social Rights solemnly proclaimed by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission at the Gothenburg Social Summit for Fair Jobs and Growth, Gothenburg 17 November 2017.

16 European Pillar of Social Rights solemnly proclaimed by the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission at the Gothenburg Social Summit for Fair Jobs and Growth, Gothenburg 17 November 2017.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>4</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Reciltal 8</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(8) The Union should provide support to the transition towards accession for the benefit of the beneficiaries listed in Annex I, based on the experience of its Member States. This cooperation should focus in particular on the sharing of experience acquired by the Member States in the reform process.

(8) The Union should provide support to the transition towards accession for the benefit of the beneficiaries listed in Annex I, based on the experience of its Member States. This cooperation should focus in particular on the sharing of experience acquired by the Member States in the reform process, in particular on enhancing economic and customs cooperation and on joint action to fight against corruption, smuggling, money laundering and counterfeiting;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>5</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 9 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(9a) The Commission should encourage the beneficiaries listed in Annex I to cooperate with the Union's work related to the promotion of multilateralism and the further strengthening of the international trading system, including WTO reforms.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>6</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Reciltal 11</Article>

 

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(11) Strengthening the rule of law, including the fight against corruption and organised crime, and good governance, including public administration reform, remain key challenges in most of the beneficiaries listed in Annex I and are essential in order for beneficiaries to come closer to the Union and later to fully assume the obligations of Union membership. In view of the longer-term nature of the reforms pursued in those areas and the need to build up track records, financial assistance under this Regulation should address the requirements placed on the beneficiaries listed in Annex I as early as possible.

(11) Strengthening the rule of law, including the fight against corruption, money laundering and organised crime, and good governance, including public administration reform, the independence of the judiciary, transparency, public procurement, competition, state aid, intellectual property and foreign investments remain key challenges in most of the beneficiaries listed in Annex 1 and are essential in order for the beneficiaries to come closer to the Union and later to fully assume the obligations of Union membership.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>7</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 12</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(12) In accordance with the principle of participatory democracy, parliamentary oversight in each beneficiary listed in Annex I should be encouraged by the Commission.

(12) In accordance with the principle of participatory democracy, parliamentary oversight and the proactive role of national Parliaments in the EU accession process and compliance with the accession criteria in each beneficiary listed in Annex I should be encouraged by the Commission, in close cooperation with the European Parliament.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>8</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 13</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(13) The beneficiaries listed in Annex I need to be better prepared to address global challenges, such as sustainable development and climate change, and align with the Union's efforts to address those issues. Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), this Programme should contribute to mainstream climate action in the Union's policies and to the achievement of an overall target of 25 % of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives. Actions under this Programme are expected to contribute 16 % of the overall financial envelope of the Programme to climate objectives. Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and the overall contribution from this Programme should be part of relevant evaluations and review processes.

(13) The beneficiaries listed in Annex I need to be better prepared to address global challenges, such as sustainable development and climate change, the pursuit of a rules- and values-based global order and align with the Union's efforts to address those issues. Reflecting the importance of tackling climate change in line with the Union's commitments to implement the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), this Programme should contribute to mainstream climate action in the Union's policies and to the achievement of an overall target of 25 % of the EU budget expenditures supporting climate objectives. Actions under this Programme are expected to contribute 16 % of the overall financial envelope of the Programme to climate objectives. Relevant actions will be identified during the Programme's preparation and implementation, and the overall contribution from this Programme should be part of relevant evaluations and review processes.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>9</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 14 a (new)</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

 

(14 a) Actions under this Regulation should also contribute to the trade related aspects of the Union's external relations, such as the Aid for Trade initiatives, cooperation with third countries on supply chain due diligence for tin, tantalum and tungsten, their ores and gold and the Kimberley Process, the Sustainability Compact, the monitoring of the commitments of third countries under the GSP regulation to ensure political coherence at the EU level and safeguard and further promote trade rules and regulations in a multilateral framework;

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>10</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 17</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(17) The priorities for action towards meeting objectives in the relevant policy areas which will be supported under this Regulation should be defined in a programming framework established by the Commission for the duration of the Union multiannual financial framework for the period from 2021 to 2027 in partnership with the beneficiaries listed in Annex I, based on the enlargement agenda and their specific needs, in line with the general and specific objectives defined by this Regulation and taking relevant national strategies into due account. The programming framework should identify the areas to be supported through assistance with an indicative allocation per area of support, including an estimate of climate-related expenditure.

(17) The priorities for action towards meeting objectives in the relevant policy areas which will be supported under this Regulation should be defined in a programming framework established by the Commission, in cooperation with the European Parliament, for the duration of the Union multiannual financial framework for the period from 2021 to 2027 in partnership with the beneficiaries listed in Annex I, based on the enlargement agenda and their specific needs, in line with the general and specific objectives defined by this Regulation and taking relevant national strategies into due account. The programming framework should identify the areas to be supported through assistance with an indicative allocation per area of support, including an estimate of climate-related expenditure.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>11</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Reciltal 18</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(18) It is in the Union's interest to assist the beneficiaries listed in Annex I in their efforts to reform with a view to Union membership. Assistance should be managed with a strong focus on results and with incentives for those who demonstrate their commitment to reform through efficient implementation of pre-accession assistance and progress towards meeting the membership criteria.

(18) It is in the Union’s interest to assist the beneficiaries listed in Annex I in their efforts to reform with a view to Union membership. Assistance should be managed with a strong focus on results and with incentives for those who demonstrate their commitment to reform through efficient implementation of pre-accession assistance and progress towards meeting the membership criteria. Substantial progress made by beneficiaries in opening up their economic environment in line with EU Treaties and WTO Agreements and in fully implementing existing agreements with the Union would be a positive step with a view to Union membership.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>12</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 19</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(19) The transition from direct management of pre-accession funds by the Commission to indirect management by the beneficiaries listed in Annex I should be progressive and in line with the respective capacities of those beneficiaries. Assistance should continue to make use of the structures and instruments that have proved their worth in the pre-accession process.

(19) The transition from direct management of pre-accession funds by the Commission to indirect management by the beneficiaries listed in Annex I should be progressive and in line with the respective capacities of those beneficiaries. The transition should be suspended if EU funds are being used inefficiently, resulting in significant shortcomings of relevant obligations. Assistance should continue to make use of the structures and instruments that have proved their worth in the pre-accession process.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>13</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 20</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(20) The Union should seek the most efficient use of available resources in order to optimise the impact of its external action. That should be achieved through coherence and complementarity among the Union's external financing instruments, as well as the creation of synergies with other Union policies and programmes. This includes, where relevant, coherence and complementarity with macro-financial assistance.

(20) The Union should seek the most efficient use of available resources in order to optimise the impact of its external action. That should be achieved through coherence and complementarity among the Union's external financing instruments, as well as the creation of synergies with other Union policies and programmes, trade relations between the Union and the beneficiaries in Annex I in particular. This includes, where relevant, coherence and complementarity with macro-financial assistance.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>14</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Recital 26</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment

(26) External actions are often implemented in a highly volatile environment requiring a continuous and rapid adaptation to the evolving needs of Union partners and to global challenges such as human rights, democracy and good governance, security and stability, climate change and environment and irregular migration and its root causes. Reconciling the principle of predictability with the need to react rapidly to new needs consequently means adapting the financial implementation of the programmes. To increase the ability of the Union to respond to unforeseen needs, while respecting the principle that the Union budget is set annually, this Regulation should preserve the possibility to apply the flexibilities already allowed by the Financial Regulation for other policies, namely carry-overs and re-commitments of committed funds, to ensure an efficient use of the EU funds both for the EU citizens and the beneficiaries listed in Annex I, thus maximising the EU funds available for the EU external action interventions.

(26) External actions are often implemented in a highly volatile environment requiring a continuous and rapid adaptation to the evolving needs of Union partners and to global challenges such as human rights, democracy and good governance, security and stability, climate change and environment, protectionism and irregular migration and its root causes. Reconciling the principle of predictability with the need to react rapidly to new needs consequently means adapting the financial implementation of the programmes. To increase the ability of the Union to respond to unforeseen needs, while respecting the principle that the Union budget is set annually, this Regulation should preserve the possibility to apply the flexibilities already allowed by the Financial Regulation for other policies, namely carry-overs and re-commitments of committed funds, to ensure an efficient use of the EU funds both for the EU citizens and the beneficiaries listed in Annex I, thus maximising the EU funds available for the EU external action interventions.

</Amend>

<Amend>Amendment  <NumAm>15</NumAm>

<DocAmend>Proposal for a regulation</DocAmend>

<Article>Article 3 – paragraph 1</Article>

 

Text proposed by the Commission

Amendment