Procedure : 2014/2844(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0131/2014

Texts tabled :

B8-0131/2014

Debates :

Votes :

PV 18/09/2014 - 10.7
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2014)0028

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 125kWORD 54k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0111/2014
16.9.2014
PE537.033v01-00
 
B8-0131/2014

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on the situation in Libya (2014/2844(RSP))


Cristian Dan Preda, Arnaud Danjean, Jacek Saryusz-Wolski, Elmar Brok, Andrej Plenković, David McAllister, Mariya Gabriel, Tokia Saïfi, Philippe Juvin, Davor Ivo Stier, Monica Luisa Macovei, Gabrielius Landsbergis, Dubravka Šuica on behalf of the PPE Group

B8‑0131/2014 European Parliament resolution on the situation in Libya (2014/2844(RSP))  

The European Parliament,

–       having regard to its previous resolutions on Libya,

–       having regard to the Foreign Affairs Council conclusions of 15 August 2014 and the European Council conclusions of 30 August 2014 on Libya,

–       having regard to United Nations Security Council resolution 2174 (2014) on Libya,

–       having regard to the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) report entitled ‘Overview of violations of international human rights and humanitarian law during the ongoing violence in Libya’ of 4 September 2014,

–       having regard to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols of 1977, and to the obligation of parties to armed conflict to respect and ensure respect for international humanitarian law in all circumstances,

–       having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.     whereas clashes between rival militia forces, and more particularly those from Misrata and Zintan, have intensified in the past months, and battles for control of Tripoli and Benghazi in particular have destabilised Libya and its democratic transition and have resulted in increasing numbers of civilian casualties, internally displaced persons and refugees;

B.     whereas Islamist-affiliated militias are linked to Islamist armed groups such as Islamic State, AQIM, al-Jammaa al-Libiya, al-Moukatila and Ansar al-Charia;

C.     whereas Islamist-affiliated militia forces took control of Tripoli and its civilian airport on 24 August 2014;

D.     whereas there are allegations of violations that could amount to war crimes against both parties to the conflict;

E.     whereas on 16 May 2014 former Libyan General Khalifa Haftar, the leader of the non-recognised Libyan National Army, launched ‘Operation Dignity’;

F.     whereas legislative elections were held on 25 June 2014; whereas following the recent violence, the legitimately elected House of Representatives has been moved from Tripoli to Tobruk, and whereas the Islamist militias do not recognise the House of Representatives or the new government and have formed their own government and parliament;

G.     whereas according to the Libyan state media, the Constitutional Drafting Assembly, elected in February 2014 and composed of 60 representatives from the three historic regions of Libya, will make public a draft constitution at the end of 2014 and a referendum on it could be held in March 2015;

H.     whereas in the absence of the rule of law in Libya, Christians and other religious minorities are increasingly being persecuted, arrested, kidnapped and murdered; whereas the government has not been able to prevent attacks by Islamist groups on religious minorities;

1.      Condemns the increasing violence, in particular that against the civilian population and civilian institutions; calls on all parties to the conflict to immediately cease all violence and agree to a ceasefire in order to end the escalating suffering of the population; calls for those responsible for violence to be held accountable;

2.      Calls on all parties to the conflict to respect international humanitarian principles in order to ensure the provision of humanitarian assistance, the safety of civilians receiving assistance and the security of humanitarian personnel;

3.      Calls on Libya’s interim government, elected House of Representatives and Constitutional Drafting Assembly to carry out their tasks in a spirit of inclusiveness, in the interests of the country and in order to protect the rights of all Libyans; calls on all parties to support them and to engage in an inclusive political dialogue in order to rebuild stability and agree on ways forward;

4.      Reiterates its expectation that the governing institutions will commit to building a tolerant, unified and democratic state in Libya, respecting and upholding human rights for all Libyan citizens and protecting religious minorities; calls on the Constitutional Drafting Assembly to pursue its work on the basis of these principles and in the interests of protecting the rights of all Libyans;

5.      Strongly supports the efforts of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) and of the recently appointed UN Special Envoy for Libya, Bernardino León, to promote and facilitate national dialogue amongst politicians and influential actors in Libya;

6.      Welcomes the widening of existing international sanctions against Libya, through UN Security Council resolution 2174 (2014), to include people or entities ‘engaging in or providing support for’ acts that ‘threaten the peace, stability or security of Libya or obstruct or undermine the successful completion of its political transition’;

7.      Calls on the neighbouring countries to refrain from actions that risk aggravating the crisis; calls on them to assist Libya in overcoming the crisis, and notably to inspect all cargo to and from Libya in order to arrest the transit of arms and other banned items that fuel the conflict;

8.      Notes with great concern that the Libyan crisis puts at risk the security of the whole North African and Sahel region; stresses that the porosity of the Libyan borders and the lack of central political control have so far greatly facilitated the proliferation and trafficking of weapons, as well as the free movement of regional armed groups;

9.      Is deeply concerned at the threat posed by unsecured arms and ammunition in Libya and their potential transfer to terrorist and violent extremist groups;

10.    Is deeply concerned at the growing presence of Al-Qaida-linked terrorist groups and individuals operating in Libya; reaffirms the need to combat, by all means and in accordance with the UN Charter and international law, including applicable international human rights, refugee and humanitarian law, the threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts;

11.    Reiterates the EU’s unwavering support for and commitment to the democratic aspirations of the Libyan people, in particular during the current crisis and in the democratic transition of the country; calls for strengthened EU involvement in support of stability and democratic transition in Libya;

12.    Points out that the Union has launched an EU Border Mission (EUBAM) in Libya, which has so far not been in a position to offer concrete support to the Libyan authorities in improving and developing the security of the country’s borders; notes that this mission is currently on hold, with most of its personnel repatriated due to security conditions, with the exception of a small team relocated to Tunis; calls on the Council to undertake a fundamental review of this mission and its mandate and to give it the means to achieve its objectives; should this not be done, asks the Council to close the mission;

13.    Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Libyan Government and House of Representatives, the UN Secretary-General, the Arab League and the African Union.

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