Procedure : 2015/2833(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0834/2015

Texts tabled :

B8-0834/2015

Debates :

Votes :

PV 10/09/2015 - 8.4
CRE 10/09/2015 - 8.4
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2015)0317

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 136kWORD 71k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0832/2015
7.9.2015
PE565.802v01-00
 
B8-0834/2015

to wind up the debate on the statements by the Council and the Commission

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on migration and refugees in Europe (2015/2833(RSP))


Guy Verhofstadt, Cecilia Wikström, Angelika Mlinar, Gérard Deprez, Filiz Hyusmenova, Louis Michel, Frédérique Ries, Ramon Tremosa i Balcells, Marielle de Sarnez, Hilde Vautmans, Marian Harkin on behalf of the ALDE Group

European Parliament resolution on migration and refugees in Europe (2015/2833(RSP))  
B8‑0834/2015

The European Parliament,

–       having regard to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union,

–       having regard to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms,

–       having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948,

–       having regard to the Geneva Convention of 1951 and the protocol thereto,

–       having regard to the report of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) of April 2012 on taking action to better manage migratory flows,

–       having regard to the report by the UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants of April 2013 on the management of the external borders of the European Union and its impact on the human rights of migrants,

–       having regard to its resolution of 9 October 2013 on EU and Member State measures to tackle the flow of refugees as a result of the conflict in Syria(1),

–       having regard to its resolution of 23 October 2013 on migratory flows in the Mediterranean, with particular attention to the tragic events off Lampedusa(2),

–       having regard to its resolution of 17 December 2014 on the situation in the Mediterranean and the need for a holistic EU approach to migration(3),

–       having regard to the ten-point action plan on migration of the Joint Foreign and Home Affairs Council of 20 April 2015,

–       having regard to the conclusions of the European Council Special Summit on the Mediterranean refugee crisis of 23 April 2015,

–       having regard to its resolution of 30 April 2015 on the latest tragedies in the Mediterranean and EU migration and asylum policies(4),

–       having regard to the Commission communication of 13 May 2015 entitled ‘A European Agenda on Migration’ COM(2015)0240,

–       having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.     whereas according to European Asylum Support Office (EASO) data, the number of applications for international protection in July 2015 in EU countries plus Norway and Switzerland was 123 294, surpassing 100 000 for the first time and was, in total, 28 % higher than in June 2015(5);

B.     whereas July 2015 saw a 59 % increase in applications for international protection from Syrians compared with the previous month, the number of Afghan applicants rose by 44 % from June to July 2015 and the number of Albanian applicants saw a 33 % increase;

C.     whereas the summer of 2015 demonstrated that migration is not a temporary issue – the global trends that have led to a surge in refugee numbers look set to continue owing to conflicts in the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa as well as an increase in climate change;

D.     whereas, according to 2015 Frontex statistics, the majority of refugees in the EU are people fleeing from conflict or persecution in Syria, Eritrea, Afghanistan and Iraq; whereas more than two thirds of them have the right to asylum or subsidiary protection;

E.     whereas research by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) indicates that Europe is the world’s most dangerous destination for ‘irregular’ migrants(6), pointing once more to the need to do everything possible to save the lives of people in danger and to fulfil international protection obligations;

F.     whereas under the 1951 Geneva Convention people can seek asylum in another state regardless of their country of origin as long as they have a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion;

G.     whereas at the European Council of June 25-26 in Brussels the EU heads of government failed to agree on binding relocation and resettlement mechanisms for refugees;

H.     whereas incidents involving groups of refugees in the summer of 2015 in a number of Member States have highlighted the lack of any coordination and coherent action between Member States; whereas the lack of coordination and an ad hoc ‘firefighting’ approach have led to chaos and a worsening of this critical situation;

I.      whereas this resolution is a response to the large increase in people seeking international protection in Member States that took place over the summer of 2015; whereas the strategic report on a holistic approach to migration by the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs will address EU asylum and migration policy in its entirety;

1.      Expresses its deep regret and sorrow at the recurring tragic loss of the lives of people seeking asylum in the EU; urges the EU and the Member States to do everything possible to prevent further loss of life;

2.      Reiterates its support for its resolution of April 2015 on the latest tragedies in the Mediterranean and EU migration and asylum policies; urges the Council and the Commission to use that resolution, together with the work on the strategic report on a holistic approach to migration by the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs, as the basis for a comprehensive, global solution that deals with both economic migration and asylum policy;

3.      Reiterates the need for the EU to base its response to the current refugee situation on solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility, as stated in Article 80 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), and to take a comprehensive European approach;

4.      Deplores the actions taken by certain Member States against groups of asylum seekers and the fact that the European Council failed to implement the initiatives already launched by the Commission that are aimed at setting up a credible, EU-wide binding mechanism for solidarity among Member States which would encompass a compulsory resettlement scheme along with emergency relocations;

5.      Praises the actions of citizens who have mobilised to welcome and help people seeking international protection in the EU;

6.      Notes the use of Council decisions to adopt emergency relocation schemes for those in need of international protection;

7.      Reiterates its calls on the Commission to amend the existing Dublin Regulation to include a permanent, binding system of distribution of asylum seekers among the 28 Member States, using a compulsory allocation key based on both quantitative and qualitative data while taking prospects of integration into account;

8.      Recalls that the right to apply for asylum is a fundamental human right guaranteed by international laws and obligations that are binding on all Member States; expresses concern about Commission and Member State proposals to define certain third countries of origin as safe that could prevent individual asylum applications being made by citizens of those third countries;

9.      Calls for the urgent establishment of legal and safe routes to the EU for asylum seekers through measures such as the issuing of humanitarian visas at EU embassies and consular offices in third countries and large-scale relocation schemes; calls on the Commission to consider revising Council Directive 2001/51/EC in order to facilitate safe passage of asylum seekers to the EU;

10.    Recalls that migration is a complex global phenomenon which also requires a long-term approach that addresses its root causes, such as poverty, inequality, injustice and armed conflict; underlines the need for a comprehensive EU approach, strengthening the coherence of its internal and external policies and notably its common foreign and security policy, development policy and migration policy;

11.    Urges the Council and the Member States to act to set a comprehensive, global solution in motion; recalls that the purpose of this resolution is to implement initiatives already announced by the Commission aimed at increasing solidarity and responsibility-sharing by the Member States;

12.    Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States.

(1)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2013)0414.

(2)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2013)0448.

(3)

Texts adopted, P8_TA(2014)0105.

(4)

Texts adopted, P8_TA(2015)0176.

(5)

EASO Latest Asylum trends, July 2015.

(6)

http://missingmigrants.iom.int/en/latest-global-figures

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