Procedure : 2015/2685(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0843/2015

Texts tabled :

B8-0843/2015

Debates :

Votes :

PV 10/09/2015 - 8.5
CRE 10/09/2015 - 8.5
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2015)0318

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 261kWORD 69k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0836/2015
7.9.2015
PE565.811v01-00
 
B8-0843/2015

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on the EU’s role in the Middle East peace process (2015/2685(RSP))


Cristian Dan Preda, Arnaud Danjean, Elmar Brok, Mariya Gabriel, Andrej Plenković, Michèle Alliot-Marie, Lars Adaktusson, Gunnar Hökmark, Davor Ivo Stier, Tokia Saïfi, Tomáš Zdechovský on behalf of the PPE Group

European Parliament resolution on the EU’s role in the Middle East peace process (2015/2685(RSP))  
B8‑0843/2015

The European Parliament,

–       having regard to its previous resolutions on the Middle East peace process,

–       having regard to the Foreign Affairs Council conclusions of 20 July 2015 on the Middle East peace process,

–       having regard to the statement of 8 February 2015 by the Middle East Quartet,

–       having regard to the statements by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR), Federica Mogherini, of 10 December 2014 on the death of Palestinian minister Abu Ein, of 30 December 2014 on the UN Security Council vote on the Middle East peace process, of 6 January 2015 on the situation in Israel and Palestine, of 19 January 2015 on the decision to appeal the judgment regarding Hamas, of 11 February 2015 following her meeting with President Mahmoud Abbas, of 18 March 2015 on the general elections in Israel, and of 7 May 2015 on the formation of the new Israeli Government,

–       having regard to the G7 Foreign Ministers’ Meeting Communiqué of 15 April 2015,

–       having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.     whereas the EU has repeatedly confirmed its support for the two-state solution on the basis of the 1967 borders, with Jerusalem as the capital of both states and with the secure State of Israel and an independent, democratic, contiguous and viable State of Palestine living side by side in peace and security, and called for the resumption of direct peace talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (PA);

B.     whereas achieving peace in the Middle East remains a key priority for the international community and an indispensable element for regional stability and security;

C.     whereas, following the general elections of 17 March 2015, a new Israeli Government was formed on 6 May 2015 with Benjamin Netanyahu as Prime Minister; whereas the EU is ready to work with the new Israeli Government on the mutually beneficial bilateral relationship as well as on important regional and global issues of joint interest;

D.     whereas the VP/HR stated on 30 December 2014 that the EU would promote and support efforts to achieve a lasting peace based on the two-state solution; whereas the VP/HR convened the Quartet Principals’ meeting of 8 February 2015 in Munich;

E.     whereas the Quartet will remain actively engaged in preparing for a resumption of the peace process in the coming period, including regular and direct outreach to Arab states;

1.      Reiterates its strong support for the two-state solution on the basis of the 1967 borders, with Jerusalem as the capital of both states, with the secure State of Israel and an independent, democratic, contiguous and viable Palestinian State living side by side in peace and security, on the basis of the right of self-determination and full respect of international law; stresses that non-violent means and respect for human rights and humanitarian law are the only way to achieve a sustainable solution and a just and lasting peace between Israelis and Palestinians;

2.      Underlines the importance of the parties resuming negotiations as soon as possible with a view to reaching a just, lasting and comprehensive peace; calls on both parties to avoid steps which could spark further escalation, including unilateral measures which could prejudge the outcome of negotiations and threaten the viability of the two-state solution;

3.      Welcomes the fact that the EU will actively support the parties to restore confidence and create an environment of trust necessary to engage in meaningful negotiations as soon as possible; stresses that the EU is ready to engage in joint work with regional partners on the basis of the Arab Peace Initiative, and that it welcomes the ongoing efforts of the Quartet in this regard;

4.      Welcomes the EU’s commitment to work actively on a renewed multilateral approach to the peace process in consultation with all relevant stakeholders, including partners in the Quartet, notably the United States, in the region and the United Nations Security Council; notes that the EU considers that the establishment of an international support group is a possible way to contribute to this end, and that the Council has asked the VP/HR to explore options for implementation of this initiative with regional and international actors and to report back in early September 2015; calls on the VP/HR to report also to Parliament about her findings;

5.      Welcomes the work done by the common security and defence policy (CSDP) police and rule of law mission (EUPOL COPPS) in the Palestinian territories in assisting the PA in building the institutions of a future State of Palestine in the areas of policing and criminal justice; calls for the reactivation of the CSDP Border Assistance Mission (EUBAM Rafah), with a more ambitious mandate, adequate means and personnel, in order to play a concrete role in the control of the Gaza Strip’s borders with Egypt and Israel;

6.      Calls for the rapid improvement of the humanitarian circumstances in Gaza; welcomes recent steps taken by Israel to ease restrictions in Gaza; underlines the importance of taking further positive measures – while addressing Israel’s legitimate security concerns – to enable the full delivery of humanitarian aid, reconstruction and economic recovery; stresses that recent rocket fire by militant groups is unacceptable and underlines the danger of escalation; urges donors to disburse as soon as possible their financial commitments made at the Cairo International Conference on Palestine (‘Reconstructing Gaza’) of 12 October 2014;

7.      Stresses that intra-Palestinian reconciliation is an important element for reaching the two-state solution; supports the EU’s call on the Palestinian factions to make reconciliation and the return of the PA to Gaza a top priority; emphasises that the PA must take greater responsibility in this regard and assume its government function in the Gaza Strip, including in the fields of security and civil administration and through its presence at the Gaza crossing points;

8.      Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the EU Special Representative for the Middle East Peace Process, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the Quartet Representative, the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States, the Knesset and the Government of Israel, the President of the Palestinian Authority and the Palestinian Legislative Council.

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