Procedure : 2016/2936(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-1120/2016

Texts tabled :

B8-1120/2016

Debates :

PV 26/10/2016 - 17
CRE 26/10/2016 - 17

Votes :

Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :


MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 161kWORD 57k
19.10.2016
PE589.716v01-00
 
B8-1120/2016

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on nuclear security and non-proliferation (2016/2936(RSP))


Geoffrey Van Orden, Charles Tannock, Angel Dzhambazki on behalf of the ECR Group

European Parliament resolution on nuclear security and non-proliferation (2016/2936(RSP))  
B8-1120/2016

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, which was opened for signature in 1968 and entered into force in 1970,

–  having regard to the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency, which came into force on 29 July 1957,

–  having regard to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, which entered into force on 8 February 1987, and to the subsequent amendment to it,

–  having regard to the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, held in New York from 27 April to 22 May 2015,

–  having regard to the conclusions of the Nuclear Security Summit, held in Washington DC from 31 March to 1 April 2016,

–  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas there are currently 191 states parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), including the five recognised nuclear weapon states: the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, France and China;

B.  whereas the NPT is a landmark international treaty aimed at preventing the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, promoting co-operation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and advancing the cause of global nuclear disarmament;

C.  whereas the NPT represents the only binding commitment in a multilateral treaty to the goal of disarmament by the nuclear-weapon states;

D.  whereas the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material is a legally binding international instrument in the area of physical protection of nuclear material which establishes measures related to the prevention, detection and punishment of offences related to nuclear material;

E.  whereas an amendment to the Convention makes it legally binding for states parties to protect nuclear facilities and material in peaceful domestic use, storage and transport; whereas it also provides for expanded cooperation between states regarding rapid measures to locate and recover stolen or smuggled nuclear material, mitigate any radiological consequences of sabotage, and prevent and combat related offences;

F.  whereas global cooperation is vital in order to prevent an act of nuclear terrorism;

1.  Acknowledges the right of the recognised nuclear weapons states to retain their nuclear deterrents as an important element of national security given the continued existence of large nuclear arsenals around the world, the possibility of further proliferation of nuclear weapons, and the risk of increased international instability and tension;

2.  Supports the objectives of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in providing the basis for global efforts to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, to promote the safe and secure use of civil nuclear energy and to pursue the goal of a world without nuclear weapons;

3.  Believes conditions of security and sustainable nuclear disarmament can only be achieved through a multilateral process;

4.  Notes the failure of the 2015 NPT review conference to reach agreement on a final document relating to the non-proliferation agenda but remains encouraged at ongoing international cooperation on promoting nuclear security;

5.  Regrets the absence of Russia, holder of the world’s largest nuclear arsenal, from the 2016 Nuclear Security Summit and encourages fresh efforts to promote cooperation with Moscow in this area;

6.  Expresses concern at recent nuclear tests conducted by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the risks this poses to regional stability; demands that the DPRK desist from such tests in the future;

7.  Supports the work of the International Atomic Energy Agency in promoting cooperation in the nuclear field in order to promote the safe, secure and peaceful use of nuclear technologies;

8.  Encourages the continued promotion and rigorous implementation of the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, and urges countries which have not yet ratified this treaty to do so;

9.  Calls for the intensification of cooperative efforts and effective action as regards the security of nuclear materials in order to minimise the risk of such products being obtained by terrorist groups;

10.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the European External Action Service, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the parliaments and governments of the Member States, and the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

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