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Procedure : 2016/3026(RSP)
Forløb i plenarforsamlingen
Dokumentforløb : B8-1350/2016

Indgivne tekster :

B8-1350/2016

Forhandlinger :

Afstemninger :

PV 15/12/2016 - 6.1

Vedtagne tekster :

P8_TA(2016)0505

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 176kWORD 51k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-1346/2016
13.12.2016
PE596.620v01-00
 
B8-1350/2016

with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law

pursuant to Rule 135 of the Rules of Procedure


on the cases of the Larung Gar Tibetan Buddhist Academy and Ilham Tohti (2016/3026(RSP))


Ignazio Corrao, Fabio Massimo Castaldo, Isabella Adinolfi, Beatrix von Storch on behalf of the EFDD Group
NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.

European Parliament resolution on the case of the Larung Gar Tibetan Buddhist Academy and Ilham Tohti (2016/3026(RSP))  
B8‑1350/2016

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to its previous resolutions on China and Tibet, in particular its resolutions of 14 July 2014,

–  having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948,

–  having regard to Article 36 of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, which guarantees all citizens the right to freedom of religious belief,

–  having regard to Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,

–  having regard to Rule 135 of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas respect for human rights, freedom of identity, culture, religion and association are founding principles of the EU and of its foreign policy;

B. whereas Tibetan identity, language, culture and religion – the testimony to a historically rich civilisation – are endangered by the resettlement of Han people in the historical territory of Tibet and the extermination of the traditional nomadic lifestyle of the Tibetans;

C. whereas Mr Stavros Lambrinidis has been appointed as EU Special Representative (EUSR) for Human Rights on 25 July 2012 and his mandate has been extended until;

 

D. whereas the European Parliament’s previous calls on the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy of the EU to address the situation in Tibet with her Chinese counterparts have not delivered the expected results;

E. whereas Larung Gar is one of the largest centres of Tibetan Buddhist learning in Tibet attracting thousands of Tibetans and Chinese Buddhist monks, nuns and lay people;

 

F. whereas Larung Gar has been facing a demolition drive from the Chinese government following an order in July this year to cut the number of Larung Gar residents by half to 5.000;

G. whereas the suicide of three nuns to protest against the state-sanctioned demolition work;

 

H. whereas since September 2000 dwellings have been removed and demolition and eviction are expected to continue till next year;

I. Whereas also Yachen Gar, another major monastic community in Pelyul county in Sichuan, since last April faced the eviction of more than 1000 nuns by official of TAR (Tibetan Autonomous Region)

 

J. Whereas Ilham Tohti, a widely-lauded human rights defender and advocate is imprisoned in China’s Xinjiang region under extremely harsh and punishing conditions and his physical appearance shows debilitating signs of neglect and maltreatment

 

1. Reiterates that the Strategic Partnership between the EU and the People’s Republic of China should be based on shared principles and values;

2. Calls on the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy of the EU to increase and intensify efforts to address the human rights situation of the Tibetans in the framework of the EU-China Human Rights Dialogue;

3. Regrets, in this respect, the unwillingness of the Chinese authorities to hold the dialogue and their stance concerning the modalities and frequency of the meetings, with regard in particular to the strengthening of the civil society segment and the involvement of civil society in the dialogue;

4. Commends the decision of the democratically elected new Tibetan political leadership to continue to abide by the Middle-Way Policy of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, which seeks genuine autonomy for Tibetans within the People’s Republic of China and within the framework of the Chinese Constitution;

5. Endorses the principles set out in the Memorandum on Genuine Autonomy for the Tibetan people, proposed by the envoys of His Holiness the Dalai Lama to their Chinese counterparts in 2008, which provide the basis for a realistic and sustainable political solution to the issue of Tibet;

6. Calls on the authorities of the People’s Republic of China to grant meaningful autonomy to the historical territory of Tibet;

7. Reminds the Commission that the inhabitants of destroyed residences are facing eviction from the community;

8. Calls on the authorities of the People’s Republic of China Chinese authorities to negotiate any needed structural improvements with Larung Gan leaders;

9. Asks the authorities of the People’s Republic of China to allow the building of more monasteries;

10. Urges the central government to investigate the actions of the local authorities who have demolished religious buildings, expelled practitioners, and imposed restriction on religious belief and practices;

11. Asks for the reversal of these misguided policies

12. Calls on the Commission to support central government to provide reparations for the damage caused to date

13. Reminds to the Chinese government their duty to respect and enhance their right to freely practice their own faith as guaranteed in the Constitution of the PRC;

14. Asks the EU delegation, EU Member States embassies and the EUSR for Human Rights to closely monitor both the situation at these monasteries and the respect of religious freedom for the Tibeta and Chinese peoples;

15. Insists that the authorities of the People’s Republic of China respect the freedom of expression and freedom of belief of the Tibetans;

16. Calls on the Chinese authorities to uphold the linguistic, cultural, religious and other fundamental freedoms of Tibetans and to refrain from settlement policies in favour of the Han people and to the disadvantage of the Tibetans in historical territories of Tibet, as well as from forcing Tibetan nomads to abandon their traditional lifestyle;

17. Calls on the Chinese authorities to lift all restrictions and allow unfettered access and freedom of movement throughout Tibet to independent media, journalists and human rights monitors as enjoyed by the Chinese citizens in the EU. In this regard, calls for the reciprocity of freedom of movement;

18. Calls on the government of the People’s Republic of China to Release Ilham Tohti immediately and unconditionally in accordance with Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and Article 35 of China’s own constitution;

19. Calls on the central government to accord Ilham Tohti his full rights to attorney and family visits while he is incarcerated;

20. Highlights the importance to end all forms of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment against Ilham Tohti and all prisoners in accordance with the Convention Against Torture;

21. Asks the Chinese authorities to investigate allegations of abuse and bring the offending parties to justice;

22. Calls on the local government to allow Ilham Tohti to continue his peaceful work online, in print, in the classroom, or through whatever medium he chooses;

23. Calls for a commitment by senior EU officials to publicly call for the release of Ilham Tohti’s each time they meet with senior Chinese officials ; furthermore calls on the EEAS and EU member states to request to visit Ilham in Tohti prison 

24. Urges to release all Uyghur writers detained for the peaceful exercise of their right to freedom of expression;

25. Calls on the Chinese government to allow all Uyghurs to speak their own language, practice their own religion, and tell their own story in accordance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights;

26. Calls on the EU Special Representative for Human Rights to report regularly on the human rights situation in the People’s Republic of China, in particular with regard to Tibet;

27. Calls on the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy of the EU to address the human rights situation in Tibet at every meeting with the representatives of the People’s Republic of China;

28. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice‑President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy of the EU, the EU Special Representative for Human Rights, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Government and Parliament of the People’s Republic of China, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the Tibetan Government-in-exile, the Tibetan Parliament-in-exile and His Holiness the Dalai Lama.

 

 

Juridisk meddelelse