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pursuant to Rule 133 of the Rules of Procedure

on Paenibacillus sp. LC231

Mireille D’Ornano

Motion for a European Parliament resolution on Paenibacillus sp. LC231  

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to Article 168 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–  having regard to Rule 133 of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas antibiotic resistance could lead to 10 million deaths a year by 2050;

B.  whereas it is widely accepted that antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria mutate after being exposed to a given antibiotic;

C.  whereas a study conducted by the University of Akron (Ohio, USA) and McMaster University (Canada), published in ‘Nature Communications’ (8.12.2016), nevertheless demonstrates that a Paenibacillus bacterium (Paenibacillus sp. LC231) found in the Lechuguilla cave ecosystem (New Mexico, USA), which is around four million years old, proved resistant to 26 of the 40 antibiotics tested.

D.  whereas Paenibacillus sp. LC231 is similar to the Paenibacillus bacteria found above ground and has at least 12 of the same antibiotic-resistant genes;

1.  Stresses that the discovery calls scientific premises on antibiotic resistance into question and that research into primitive bacteria enables scientists to identify the causes of antibiotic resistance;

2.  Urges the Commission, through its research programmes and the relevant EU agencies, to support research into the causes of antibiotic resistance.

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