Procedure : 2016/2998(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0354/2017

Texts tabled :

B8-0354/2017

Debates :

Votes :

PV 18/05/2017 - 11.10
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2017)0226

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 178kWORD 50k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0345/2017
15.5.2017
PE603.779v01-00
 
B8-0354/2017

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on achieving the two-state solution in the Middle East (2016/2998(RSP))


Lars Adaktusson, Cristian Dan Preda, José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra, Elmar Brok, Sandra Kalniete, David McAllister, Michael Gahler, Eduard Kukan, Tunne Kelam, Lorenzo Cesa, Bogdan Andrzej Zdrojewski on behalf of the PPE Group

European Parliament resolution on achieving the two-state solution in the Middle East (2016/2998(RSP))  
B8‑0354/2017

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to its previous resolutions on the Middle East peace process,

–  having regard to the Council conclusions of 18 January 2016 and of 20 June 2016 on the Middle East peace process,

–  having regard to the report of 1 July 2016 and the statement of 23 September 2016 by the Middle East Quartet,

–  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas achieving peace in the Middle East remains a key priority for the international community and an indispensable element for regional stability and security;

B.  whereas the EU has repeatedly confirmed its support for the two-state solution on the basis of the 1967 borders, with Jerusalem as the capital of both states and with the secure State of Israel and an independent, democratic, contiguous and viable State of Palestine living side by side in peace and security, and has called for the resumption of direct peace talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority;

C.  whereas continuing violence, terrorist attacks against civilians and incitement to violence are greatly exacerbating mistrust and are fundamentally incompatible with a peaceful resolution;

1.  Reiterates its strong support for the two-state solution on the basis of the 1967 borders, with Jerusalem as the capital of both states, with the secure State of Israel and an independent, democratic, contiguous and viable Palestinian State living side by side in peace and security, on the basis of the right of self-determination and full respect of international law;

2.  Underlines the importance of the parties resuming substantive negotiations as soon as possible with a view to reaching a just, lasting and comprehensive peace; calls on both parties to avoid steps which could spark further escalation, including unilateral measures which could prejudge the outcome of negotiations, threaten the viability of the two-state solution and generate further mistrust; calls on both parties to restate their commitment to the two-state solution, thus disassociating themselves from voices that reject this solution;

3.  Believes that continuing violence, acts of terrorism and incitement to violence are fundamentally incompatible with advancing a peaceful two-state solution; notes that upholding the commitment to act effectively against violence, terrorism, hate speech and incitement is critical to rebuilding confidence and to avoiding escalation that will further undermine the prospects for peace;

4.  Recalling that settlements are illegal under international law, stresses that the recent decisions to establish a new settlement deep inside the West Bank, to issue tenders for almost 2000 settlement units and to declare further land deep inside the West Bank as ‘state land’ further undermine prospects for a viable two-state solution;

5.  Stresses that the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy pointed out during her address at the 28th Summit of the League of Arab States on 29 March 2017 that ‘the two-state solution remains the only realistic way to end the conflict and all claims’ and that ‘the EU will continue to work for the unity of the entire international community to this aim, including with our American friends’;

6.  Welcomes the willingness of the EU to engage further with regional partners on the basis of the Arab Peace Initiative, which provides key elements for the settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict as well as the opportunity for building a regional security framework; stresses that the EU, including through the action of its Special Representative, will work actively with all relevant stakeholders, including partners in the Quartet, towards a renewed multilateral approach to the peace process;

7.  Stresses that intra-Palestinian reconciliation is an important element for reaching the two‑state solution and deplores continued Palestinian disunity; supports the EU’s call on the Palestinian factions to make reconciliation and the return of the Palestinian Authority to the Gaza Strip a top priority; urges Palestinian forces to resume efforts towards reconciliation without delay, notably through the holding of the long-overdue presidential and legislative elections; emphasises that the Palestinian Authority must take greater responsibility in this regard and assume its government function in Gaza, including in the fields of security and civil administration and through its presence at the crossing points;

8.  Underlines the need for the EU to foster initiatives that can contribute to rebuilding trust between political, non-state, and economic actors and establishing a pattern of cooperation on concrete issues; stresses, in this regard, the importance of policy areas where cooperation is imperative for daily lives of citizens, such as in the water and energy field, and the need to support and build on existing joint activities in the region, such as a water and energy nexus between Israel, the Palestinian Territories, and Jordan;

9.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the EU Special Representative for the Middle East Peace Process, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the Quartet Representative, the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States, the Knesset and the Government of Israel, the President of the Palestinian Authority and the Palestinian Legislative Council.

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