Procedure : 2017/2703(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0400/2017

Texts tabled :

B8-0400/2017

Debates :

PV 13/06/2017 - 11
CRE 13/06/2017 - 11

Votes :

PV 14/06/2017 - 8.10
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2017)0264

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 260kWORD 53k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0397/2017
7.6.2017
PE605.510v01-00
 
B8-0400/2017

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on the situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (2017/2703(RSP))


Charles Tannock, Arne Gericke, Anna Elżbieta Fotyga on behalf of the ECR Group

European Parliament resolution on the situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (2017/2703(RSP))  
B8‑0400/2017

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to its previous resolutions on the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC),

–  having regard to the statements of the EU Delegation to the DRC on the human rights situation in the country,

–  having regard to the political agreements reached in the DRC on 31 December 2016,

–  having regard to the statement of 1 January 2017 by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR), Federica Mogherini, on the failure to reach an agreement in the DRC,

–  having regard to the Council conclusions of 17 October 2016 on the DRC,

–  having regard to the UN Security Council resolutions on the DRC, in particular resolution 2348 (2017) on the situation in the DRC,

–  having regard to the report of 10 March 2017 by the UN Secretary-General on the United Nations Organisation Stabilisation Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO),

–  having regard to the UN Security Council press statements of 24 February 2017 on the situation in the DRC,

–  having regard to the final report of the EU electoral observation mission (EOM) to the DRC,

–  having regard to the statement of 4 January 2017 by the President of the UN Security Council,

–  having regard to the 11th European Development Fund National Indicative Programme (2014-2020), which prioritises strengthening democracy, governance and the rule of law,

–  having regard to the resolutions adopted by the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly of 18 May 2011 on challenges for the future of democracy and respecting constitutional order in ACP and EU countries, and of 27 November 2013 on the respect for the rule of law and the role of an impartial and independent judiciary,

–  having regard to the Congolese Constitution,

–  having regard to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights of June 1981,

–  having regard to the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance,

–  having regard to the African Union’s Declaration on the Principles Governing Democratic Elections in Africa of 2002,

–  having regard to the UN International Charter of Human Rights,

–  having regard to the Cotonou Agreement,

–  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas the DRC has suffered continuous cycles of conflict, intercommunal violence and clashes between rival militias, including attacks on peaceful civilians, religious institutions, members of civic society and UN peacekeepers;

B.  whereas President Joseph Kabila has failed to implement the ‘comprehensive and inclusive political agreement’ reached in Kinshasa on 31 December 2016, under which he had committed to holding free elections and effecting a smooth transition of power by the end of 2017;

C.  whereas the country’s Catholic bishops who mediated the December 2016 agreement have withdrawn from further negotiations, citing a lack of political will to prioritise the nation’s interests and safety;

D.  whereas President Kabila claims his Government cannot afford the EUR 1.6 million cost of the elections and has used this as justification for not holding them;

E.  whereas 42 mass graves have been found in the Kasai region, with at least 30 of them holding children believed to have been killed by soldiers;

F.  whereas at least 500 people have been killed in the Kasai region in 2017 thus far, of whom 85 were police officers, 39 soldiers and 390 rebels;

G.  whereas more than 2.2 million people have fled their homes since 2013, half of them fleeing in the last year alone;

H.  whereas more than 400 000 children are on the verge of starvation, and whereas UNICEF and the World Health Organisation (WHO) are in need of more funds to tackle the issues in the DRC;

I.  whereas the DRC is facing severe epidemics of cholera and Ebola; whereas this year alone 10 982 cases of cholera and 349 deaths from the disease have been recorded in the DRC, and around 400 people are being treated for Ebola;

J.  whereas President Kabila has been accused of involvement in suspicious bank transfers and dubious sales of mining rights worth around EUR 85 million that could lead to opportunities for money laundering;

K.  whereas the UN Security Council has renewed the EUR 1 billion MONUSCO mandate for another year amid the escalation of violence throughout the country, even though fully aware that MONUSCO is the biggest and costliest UN mission, with around 22 400 soldiers and police officers;

L.  whereas in March 2017 two high-level UN investigators were kidnapped and murdered in Kasai’s central province;

1.  Reminds the Government of the DRC that it is the primary responsibility of the state to protect civilians within its territory from all acts of violence, including from war crimes and crimes against humanity;

2.  Expresses its deepest concern over the atrocities, human rights abuses, recruitment of child soldiers, obstruction of humanitarian assistance and the work of the UN peacekeepers, and exploitation of natural resources to finance individuals involved in illegal and inhumane activities;

3.  Encourages the Government of the DRC to immediately implement the ‘comprehensive and inclusive political agreement’ reached in Kinshasa on 31 December 2016, and calls on it to organise peaceful and legitimate elections while ensuring a smooth transition of power in accordance with the Congolese Constitution, and by the end of 2017;

4.  Recognises that voter registration represents a significant challenge in the DRC, while welcoming early reports of good progress in registration with the assistance of MONUSCO; insists, therefore, that the issue of registration must not be used by the President or his Government as a reason to delay the election;

5.  Underlines the importance of free, fair and well-organised elections and calls on the Government of the DRC and its regional partners to ensure that they are conducted in a transparent and credible manner;

6.  Is concerned that the forthcoming elections are being used to create further instability in the eastern DRC, driven in part by external actors, and are fuelling continued illegal mineral extraction;

7.  Welcomes the Council’s decisions of 12 December 2016 and 29 May 2017 to impose restrictive measures on 16 state officials in the DRC who have been directly or indirectly involved in threatening the peace and security or in undermining democratic processes in the country;

8.  Calls on the EU and its Member States to consider taking further measures of this kind against individuals and/or organisations engaged in colluding in or instigating the exploitation of natural resources in the DRC, or in the planning and/or implementation of money laundering mechanisms with a view to sustaining the Kabila government;

9.  Calls on the African Union, the UN and other regional and international organisations to hold talks on the ‘exit’ strategy for President Kabila;

10.  Condemns all violations of international humanitarian law committed by the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC), the Republican Guard, the Congolese National Police (PNC) and the National Intelligence Agency (ANR) against opposition groups, civilians and civil society organisations, and urges all parties to refrain from provocation and violence;

11.  Demands the immediate release of all those detained unlawfully, including journalists, opposition members and civil society representatives;

12.  Demands an immediate and independent investigation into the discovery of 42 mass graves in the Kasai region, and calls for the prosecution of those responsible for the deaths in accordance with domestic and international law;

13.  Condemns the kidnapping and murder of two high-level UN investigators in Kasai in March 2017;

14.  Welcomes the prolongation of the MONSUCO mandate and underlines its paramount importance in protecting civilians from violence committed by government and militia forces;

15.  Reminds the Government of the DRC that it is party to the Rome Statute and that some of the acts that continue to take place in the country may constitute war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide;

16.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the African Union, the President, Prime Minister and Parliament of the DRC and of Gabon, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the UN Human Rights Council and the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly.

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