Procedure : 2018/2770(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0316/2018

Texts tabled :


Debates :

Votes :

PV 05/07/2018 - 6.13
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :


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See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0315/2018

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on the migration crisis and humanitarian situation in Venezuela and at its borders (2018/2770(RSP))

Elena Valenciano, Francisco Assis, Ramón Jáuregui Atondo on behalf of the S&D Group

European Parliament resolution on the migration crisis and humanitarian situation in Venezuela and at its borders (2018/2770(RSP))  

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to its previous resolutions on Venezuela, in particular those of 27 February 2014 on the situation in Venezuela(1), of 18 December 2014 on the persecution of the democratic opposition in Venezuela(2), of 12 March 2015 on the situation in Venezuela(3), of 8 June 2016 on the situation in Venezuela(4), of 27 April 2017 on the situation in Venezuela(5), of 8 February 2018 on the situation in Venezuela(6), and of 3 May 2018 on the elections in Venezuela(7),

–  having regard to the declarations of 26 January 2018, 19 April 2018 and 22 May 2018 by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR) on the latest developments in Venezuela,

–  having regard to the Council conclusions of 13 November 2017 and 22 January, 28 May and 25 June 2018,

–  having regard to the official mission of European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management Christos Stylianides to Colombia in March 2018,

–  having regard to the statement of 23 April 2018 by its Democracy Support and Election Coordination Group,

–  having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948,

–  having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,

–  having regard to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court,

–  having regard to the statement of 8 February 2018 by the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Ms Fatou Bensouda,

–  having regard to the statement of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on Venezuela of 31 March 2017,

–  having regard to the report by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights entitled ‘Human rights violations in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela’ of 22 June 2018,

–  having regard to the joint statement of 28 April 2017 by the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, the UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, and the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention,

–  having regard to the G7 Leaders’ statement of 23 May 2018,

–  having regard to the declarations of the Lima Group of 23 January 2018, 14 February 2018, 21 May 2018 and 2 June 2018,

–  having regard to the declaration of 20 April 2018 by the Organisation of American States (OAS) on the worsening humanitarian situation in Venezuela,

–  having regard to the report published by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) on 12 February 2018 entitled ‘Democratic Institutions, the Rule of Law and Human Rights in Venezuela’, and to the IACHR resolution of 14 March 2018,

–  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas the situation of human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Venezuela continues to deteriorate; whereas increasing numbers of people continue to leave Venezuela for different reasons, including insecurity and violence, human rights violations and deterioration of the rule of law, lack of food, medicine or access to essential social services, loss of income and increasing poverty rates;

B.  whereas according to the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), 87 % of the population of Venezuela is affected by poverty, with the extreme poverty level standing at 61.2 %; whereas maternal mortality has increased by 60 % and infant mortality by 30 %, and the country is lacking 80 % of the basic medical supplies and equipment; whereas in 2017, cases of malaria increased by 69 % compared with the previous year, this being the largest increase worldwide according to the WHO; whereas other diseases such as tuberculosis and measles are on the point of becoming epidemics; whereas despite the alarming numbers, the Venezuelan Government continues to deny the existence of a humanitarian crisis and rejects international aid;

C.  whereas the economic situation has significantly worsened; whereas the International Monetary Fund has projected that hyperinflation in Venezuela will soar to 13 000 % in 2018, up from an estimated 2 400 % in 2017, resulting in price increases of, on average, almost 1.5 % every hour;

D.  whereas an OHCHR report published on 22 June 2018 highlights the Venezuelan authorities’ failure to hold to account the perpetrators of serious human rights violations, which include killings, the use of excessive force against demonstrators, arbitrary detentions, ill-treatment and torture; whereas impunity in favour of security officers suspected of the extrajudicial killings of demonstrators also appears to be rife; whereas such findings are evidence of a further escalation of the tense situation in the country;

E.  whereas the current man-made crisis in Venezuela, in all its myriad aspects, is generating the largest population displacement ever witnessed in the region; whereas according to conservative government figures provided by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), over two million Venezuelan nationals have left the country since 2014, nearly one million of those between 2015 and 2017; whereas the vast majority of Venezuelans who have fled the country – 84 % according to the IOM – have moved to other Latin American countries;

F.  whereas according to the IOM, Colombia is hosting the largest number of Venezuelans, with over 820 000 living on its territory, followed by Peru with nearly 350 000, Argentina with 95 000 and Brazil with 50 000; whereas 520 000 Venezuelans in the region have accessed alternative legal forms of stay; whereas more than 280 000 Venezuelans have claimed refugee status worldwide; whereas it is estimated that more than 60 % of Venezuelans remain in an irregular situation; whereas maritime routes are becoming increasingly more significant, particularly those to Caribbean islands such as Aruba, Curaçao, Bonaire and Trinidad and Tobago; whereas host countries are coming under increasing strain in terms of providing assistance to new arrivals;

G.  whereas the UNHCR has launched a supplementary appeal for USD 46.1 million to cover the initial response for nine UNHCR operations with a focus on the main host countries: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Peru and the Southern Caribbean; whereas the appeal also covers interventions in Venezuela; whereas as of 13 June 2018 only 44 % of this amount (USD 20.5 million) had been disbursed, meaning that the funding gap currently stands at 56 %;

H.  whereas on 7 June 2018 the Commission announced a package of EUR 35.1 million in emergency aid and development assistance to support the Venezuelan people and the neighbourhood countries affected by the crisis; whereas this financial contribution will be added to the EUR 37 million that the EU has already committed to humanitarian aid and cooperation projects in the country;

I.  whereas the elections held in Venezuela on 20 May 2018 were neither free nor fair, and their outcome lacked any credibility, as the electoral process did not ensure the necessary guarantees for them to be inclusive and democratic;

J.  whereas every month more than 12 000 Venezuelans enter the Brazilian state of Roraima, around 2 700 of whom stay in the city of Boa Vista; whereas Venezuelans already represent more than 7 % of the population of this city, and at the current rate there will be more than 60 000 Venezuelans living there by the end of the year; whereas this demographic influx is putting enormous pressure on the city’s public services, namely public health and education; whereas Roraima is one of the poorest states of Brazil, with a very narrow labour market and a shallow economy, which is another obstacle to the integration of migrants and refugees;

K.  whereas Parliament sent an ad hoc delegation to the Venezuelan borders with Colombia and Brazil from 25 to 30 June 2018 to assess the impact of the crisis on the ground;

1.  Expresses its solidarity with all Venezuelans forced to flee their country for want of very basic living conditions, such as access to food, health services and medicines; is also deeply alarmed by the devastating humanitarian situation in Venezuela, which has resulted in an unprecedented influx of refugees to neighbouring countries and beyond;

2.  Calls for agreement to be reached immediately on a humanitarian emergency access plan for the country, and calls on the Venezuelan authorities to allow unimpeded humanitarian aid as a matter of urgency, and to grant access to international organisations wishing to assist the public; calls for the rapid implementation of a short-term response to counter malnutrition among the most vulnerable groups;

3.  Recognises and commends the importance of the measures adopted by several countries in the region to address the situation, in particular the regularisation of the status of migrants through visas and temporary residence permits, and the recognition of refugees under the 1984 Cartagena Declaration on Refugees; calls on the EU Member States to provide immediate protection-oriented responses to Venezuelan migrants or refugees on their territory, such as humanitarian visas, special stay arrangements or other regional migratory frameworks, with the relevant protection safeguards;

4.  Calls on the international community to establish a coordinated, comprehensive and regional response to the crisis and to step up their financial and material assistance to recipient countries by fulfilling their commitments; recalls that there is a funding gap of USD 25.6 million in the UNHCR supplementary appeal;

5.  Calls for the EU to continue its financial support and to increase it, if required, in view of the worsening situation and its impact on refugee flows;

6.  Reiterates that the current humanitarian crisis stems from a political one; recalls that the only way out of the crisis is through dialogue and negotiations; expresses its support for a negotiated political solution as the only way to bring sustainable stability to the country and to allow it to address the deep crisis and the pressing needs of the population;

7.  Calls on the European External Action Service to do its utmost to facilitate the international mediation efforts needed to open up spaces to ensure a viable political dialogue is launched;

8.  Calls upon the Venezuelan authorities to put an immediate end to all human rights violations, including violations against civilians, and to fully respect all human rights and fundamental freedoms, including freedom of expression, freedom of the press and freedom of assembly; urges the Venezuelan authorities to restore democratic order, it being an indispensable condition for putting an end to the escalating crisis;

9.  Calls for the holding of fresh presidential elections in accordance with internationally recognised democratic standards and the Venezuelan constitutional order; recalls the need to respect all democratically elected institutions, notably the National Assembly, to release all political prisoners and to uphold democratic principles, the rule of law and human rights;

10.  Points out that the aim of this call for fresh elections must be to re-elect the main institutions of the country, namely the Presidency and the National Assembly; recalls that the conditions for these elections should be agreed between the government and the opposition within a transparent, equal and fair framework that makes provision for international observation, with no limitations on political parties or candidates and in full respect of the political rights of all Venezuelans;

11.  Supports the call of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights to establish a commission of inquiry into the situation in Venezuela and to deepen the involvement of the ICC; calls for the EU to play an active role in this regard;

12.  Reiterates its request for a European Parliament delegation to be sent to Venezuela and to hold a dialogue with all sectors involved in the conflict as soon as possible;

13.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the Government and National Assembly of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, the Government and Congress of the Republic of Colombia, the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly and the Secretary-General of the Organisation of American States.



OJ C 285, 29.8.2017, p. 145.


OJ C 294, 12.8.2016, p. 21.


OJ C 316, 30.8.2016, p. 190.


Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0269.


Texts adopted, P8_TA(2017)0200.


Texts adopted, P8_TA(2018)0041.


Texts adopted, P8_TA(2018)0199.

Last updated: 3 July 2018Legal notice