Procedure : 2018/2853(RSP)
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Document selected : B8-0446/2018

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See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0444/2018

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on the situation in Yemen (2018/2853(RSP))

Cristian Dan Preda, José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez‑Neyra, Arnaud Danjean, Sandra Kalniete, David McAllister, Ramona Nicole Mănescu, Elmar Brok, Julia Pitera, Lorenzo Cesa, Fernando Ruas on behalf of the PPE Group

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Yemen (2018/2853(RSP))  

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to its previous resolutions on Yemen,

–  ‎having regard to the Council conclusions on Yemen of 25 June 2018,

–  having regard to the joint statements by Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR) Federica Mogherini and Commissioner Christos Stylianides of 13 June 2018 on the latest developments around Hodeidah, Yemen, and of 4 August 2018 on the airstrikes in Hodeidah,

–  having regard to the statement of 10 August 2018 by the spokesperson of the European External Action Service on the situation in Yemen,

–  having regard to the statement of 15 March 2018 by the President of the UN Security Council,

–  having regard to the statement of 6 September 2018 by the Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for Yemen,

–  having regard to the statement of 19 September 2018 by the World Food Programme Executive Director,

–  having regard to the UN Security Council resolutions on Yemen,

–  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas the ongoing conflict in Yemen has entered its fourth year and more than 22 million people need humanitarian support; whereas over 17 million people are food insecure, among whom more than 8 million are severely food insecure and at risk of starvation;

B.  whereas over 2 million people have been internally displaced; whereas women, children and people in vulnerable situations are particularly affected by the ongoing hostilities;

C.  whereas the disruption to the provision of essential public services, particularly in the fields of health, sanitation and education, has worsened the humanitarian situation; whereas only 50 % of the total number of health facilities are fully functioning, and even these are facing severe shortages of medicines, equipment and staff; whereas the destruction of infrastructure and breakdown of public services have fuelled the outbreak of cholera;

D.  whereas the EU is deeply concerned about the near collapse of Yemen’s economy; whereas regular payment of salaries for up to 1.4 million non-military Yemeni public sector employees effectively ceased at the end of 2016;

E.  whereas on account of their massive scale, the humanitarian needs in Yemen have not been fully met by international efforts and resource mobilisation;

F.  whereas the EU remains committed to continuing to deliver life-saving aid to all people in need in Yemen; whereas, at the same time, the EU shares the concerns of the UN and other donors about the continuing shrinking of humanitarian space;

G.  whereas the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is providing vulnerable children in conflict-affected governorates with humanitarian and developmental assistance, including victim assistance, family tracing/reunification, documentation of violations of children’s rights, mine risk awareness and psychosocial support, and is undertaking efforts to prevent the collapse of the education system, including by establishing temporary learning spaces and rehabilitating schools;

H.  whereas a stable, secure Yemen with a properly functioning government is critical to international efforts to combat extremism and violence in the region and beyond, as well as to peace and stability within Yemen itself;

I.  whereas stability in the region is of critical importance for the EU; whereas the EU is committed to a comprehensive and strategic approach encompassing all relevant regional actors;

J.  whereas since 2015 the EU has contributed more than EUR 233 million in humanitarian funding to Yemen;

1.  Expresses grave concern at the continued deterioration of the situation in Yemen and the devastating humanitarian impact of the conflict on civilians; condemns attacks against civilians; expresses grave distress at the level of violence in Yemen; expresses concern about the challenges Yemen’s economy is facing;

2.  Deeply regrets the loss of life caused by the conflict and the suffering of those caught up in the fighting, and expresses its condolences to the families of the victims; reaffirms its commitment to continuing to support Yemen and the Yemeni people;

3.  Is deeply concerned about the bombardments in densely populated areas, the besieging of cities, use of anti-personnel mines and cluster munitions and attacks causing the destruction of civilian infrastructure including schools, medical facilities, residential areas, markets, water systems, ports and airports;

4.  Is deeply concerned about the recent intensification of military operations in and around the city and port of Hodeidah; calls on all parties to the conflict to ensure the full and effective functioning of the port of Hodeidah;

5.  Condemns the launch of ballistic missiles by Houthi rebels against the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, including at civilian targets, and against vessels transiting through the Bab al-Mandab Strait; condemns the use of sea mines by Houthi forces;

6.  Calls on all parties to the conflict to ensure the protection of civilians and to comply with international humanitarian law and international human rights law;

7.  Calls on all parties to the conflict to comply with their obligations under international humanitarian law to allow and facilitate safe, rapid and unhindered access for humanitarian supplies and personnel to all people in need in all affected governorates;

8.  Calls on all parties to the conflict to allow and facilitate safe, rapid and unhindered access for commercial supplies;

9.  Stresses that the UN Security Council has underlined its support for the UN Verification and Inspection Mechanism (UNVIM), and that the EU fully supports the continuation of UNVIM and the full and unhindered implementation of its mandate;

10.  Stresses that it is essential to guarantee full and sustained access to all Yemen’s ports and airports for all commercial and humanitarian imports, as well as medical evacuations and commercial flights;

11.  Calls on all parties to the conflict to put an end to the current escalation, exercise restraint, work urgently towards a nationwide ceasefire and engage constructively with the UN;

12.  Supports the efforts of the Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for Yemen, Martin Griffiths, to restart the political process; takes note of his statement to the UN Security Council of 11 September 2018 that ‘despite the absence of one of the sides to the Consultations in Geneva last week, and even if it certainly did not go as planned, we still managed to relaunch the political process with solid support clearly from the Yemeni people and the international community’; welcomes Mr Griffiths’ visit to Sana’a on 16 September 2018; calls for the Special Envoy to be given full and unhindered access to all relevant parties in Yemen;

13.  Stresses that only a political, inclusive and negotiated solution to the conflict can restore peace and preserve the unity, sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Yemen; calls on all international and regional actors to engage constructively with the parties in Yemen to enable a de-escalation of the conflict and a negotiated settlement;

14.  Condemns all terror attacks in the strongest terms; is deeply concerned about the increased presence in Yemen of criminal and terrorist groups, including al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and ISIS/Daesh; calls on all parties to the conflict to take resolute action against such groups;

15.  Calls on all parties to the conflict to end the recruitment or use of children as soldiers and to put a stop to other grave violations committed against children in violation of applicable international law and standards; calls on all parties to release any children who have been already recruited and to cooperate with the UN with a view to their rehabilitation and reintegration into their communities; supports the vital work of UNICEF in Yemen;

16.  Calls on all parties to the conflict to take the necessary measures to ensure effective, impartial and independent investigations into all alleged violations and abuses of human rights and alleged violations of international humanitarian law, in accordance with international standards;

17.  Is deeply concerned about reports of the denial of freedom of religion or belief, including discrimination, unlawful detention and the use of violence;

18.  Calls on the Government of Yemen to pay public servants’ salaries as a matter of urgency, in particular the salaries of those working in the critical sectors of education, health and sanitation;

19.  Welcomes the fact that the EU will continue to provide development assistance to Yemen, prioritising interventions aimed at stabilising the country, and will work in stable areas with local authorities to promote resilience, help maintain the provision of basic services and foster sustainable livelihoods for communities;

20.  Welcomes the UN 2018 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan and the 2018 High-Level Pledging Event for the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen, at which international donors pledged more than USD 2 billion; welcomes the fact that the EU is committed to assisting those affected by the conflict in Yemen and has pledged EUR 107.5 million; calls on all donors to swiftly disburse their pledges;

21.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the Secretary-General of the Gulf Cooperation Council, the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States and the Government of Yemen.

Last updated: 2 October 2018Legal notice