Procedure : 2018/2869(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0481/2018

Texts tabled :

B8-0481/2018

Debates :

Votes :

PV 25/10/2018 - 13.12
CRE 25/10/2018 - 13.12
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2018)0428

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 343kWORD 50k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0481/2018
17.10.2018
PE624.172v01-00
 
B8-0481/2018

to wind up the debate on the statements by the Council and the Commission

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on the rise in neo-fascist violence in Europe (2018/2869(RSP))


Róża Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein on behalf of the PPE Group

European Parliament resolution on the rise in neo-fascist violence in Europe (2018/2869(RSP))  
B8‑0481/2018

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,

–  having regard to Article 14 of and Protocol No 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights,

–  having regard to the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination,

–  having regard to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union,

–  having regard to Articles 2, 3, 6 and 7 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU),

–  having regard to Council Directive 2000/43/EC of 29 June 2000 implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin(1) (the Race Equality Directive),

–  having regard to Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation(2),

–  having regard to Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA of 28 November 2008 on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law(3),

–  having regard to Directive 2012/29/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 establishing minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2001/220/JHA(4),

–  having regard to Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1141/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the statute and funding of European political parties and European political foundations(5),

–  having regard to the establishment in June 2016 of the EU High Level Group on combating racism, xenophobia and other forms of intolerance,

–  having regard to the Council of Europe resolution of 30 September 2014 on counteraction to manifestations of neo-Nazism and right-wing extremism,

–  having regard to the EU Code of Practice on Disinformation,

–  having regard to the Code of Conduct on Countering Illegal Hate Speech Online,

–  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas as enshrined in Article 2 of the TEU, the Union is founded on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities; whereas these values are common to all Member States;

B.  whereas the lack of serious action against fascist and extremist right-wing movements has enabled the occurrence of the current xenophobic surge in Europe;

C.  whereas openly neo-fascist, neo-Nazi, racist and xenophobic groups and political parties have been inciting hatred and violence in society against ‘alleged enemies’;

D.  whereas the Commissioner responsible for security, Sir Julian King, speaking at an event held on 22 March 2017 in commemoration of the 2016 Brussels attacks, highlighted the growing menace of right-wing violent extremism, stating that he was not aware of a single EU Member State that is not affected by the phenomenon in some way(6);

E.  whereas neo-fascist and neo-Nazi organisations manifest themselves in a variety of forms, as described in Europol’s European Union terrorism situation and trend report (TESAT) of 2018; whereas most neo-fascist and neo-Nazi organisations exclude certain individuals or groups; whereas these organisations often use aggressive language towards minority groups and seek to justify their doing so by invoking the principle of freedom of speech;

F.  whereas the dissemination of hate speech online often leads to a rise in violence, including by neo-fascist groups;

G.  whereas Article 30 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights clearly states that nothing in the declaration ‘may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms’ set forth therein;

H.  whereas Article 4 of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination affirms that its States Parties condemn all propaganda and all organisations which are based on ideas or theories of superiority of one race or group of persons of one colour or ethnic origin;

I.  whereas the promotion of fascism is banned in several Member States pursuant to their national laws;

J.  whereas in TESAT 2018, Europol reported a near doubling in the number of individuals arrested for right-wing extremist offences in 2017; whereas it also notes that racist behaviour, authoritarianism, xenophobia and hostility to immigration are commonly found attitudes in right-wing extremists;

K.  whereas according to a recent report by the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights on hate crime recording and data collection practice across the EU, the collection of detailed and disaggregated data on hate crime – at a minimum, by bias motivation and by type of crime – is necessary to monitor the effectiveness of the police response to the phenomenon, and to prepare effective and targeted policies;

L.  whereas politicians are also increasingly a target of right-wing extremist groups, who regard them as traitors, or as naïve and having ‘let it happen’(7);

M.  whereas football hooligans are part of the right-wing extremist scene across many Member States, but they differ in terms of ideological level and links to other organisations(8);

1.  Strongly condemns and deplores the terrorist attacks, murders, violent physical attacks and marches by neo-fascist and neo-Nazi organisations that have taken place in numerous Member States;

2.  Is deeply concerned at the increasing normalisation of fascism, racism, xenophobia and other forms of intolerance in the European Union, and is troubled by reports in some Member States of collusion between political leaders, political parties and law enforcement with neo-fascists and neo-Nazis;

3.  Is worried about the neo-fascist violence targeting particular minorities, such as Black Europeans/people of African descent, Jews, Muslims, Roma, third-country nationals, LGBTI people, and persons with disabilities;

4.  Strongly condemns all violent attacks by neo-fascist groups against politicians and members of political parties, as reported in some Member States;

5.  Is deeply concerned by the impunity with which neo-fascist and neo-Nazi groups operate in some Member States, and stresses that this sense of impunity, together with inadequate responses by the State to the violent actions of these groups, are among the reasons explaining the alarming rise in violent actions by certain far-right organisations;

6.  Acknowledges the worrying trend of neo-fascist and neo-Nazi groups using social media and the internet to organise across the European Union and spread extremist propaganda;

7.  Calls on the Commission, the Member States and social media companies to counteract the spread of racism, fascism and xenophobia on the internet, in cooperation with the relevant civil society organisations at a national and international level;

8.  Calls on the Member States to roundly condemn and sanction hate crime, hate speech and scapegoating by politicians and public officials at all levels and on all types of media, as they directly normalise and reinforce hatred and violence in society;

9.  Deplores the fact that in some Member States public broadcasting has become an example of single political party propaganda, which often excludes opposition and minority groups from society and even incites violence;

10.  Calls on the remaining Member States to sign and ratify Protocol No 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights in order to safeguard the rights of their citizens to freedom from discrimination in any form;

11.  Calls on the Member States to properly implement and enforce Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA on combating racism and xenophobia;

12.  Deplores the fact that only 15 Member States disaggregate data on hate crimes by different bias motivations(9);

13.  Calls on the Member States to envisage and provide for adequate support for the victims of racist or xenophobic crimes and hate crimes;

14.  Calls on the Member States to set up anti-hate crime units in police forces;

15.  Calls for full and timely cooperation between law enforcement, intelligence agencies, the judiciary and civil society organisations in the fight against fascism, racism, xenophobia and other forms of intolerance;

16.  Calls on the Member States to focus on prevention through education, awareness-raising and the exchange of best practices, including via the Radicalisation Awareness Network;

17.  Calls on the Member States to follow the Council of Europe’s recommendations on counteracting manifestations of neo-Nazism and right-wing extremism;

18.  Calls on the Member States, national sports federations and football clubs to counteract the scourge of racism, fascism and xenophobia in football stadiums and football culture, by condemning and punishing those responsible, and by promoting positive educational activities targeting young football fans in cooperation with schools and the relevant civil society organisations;

19.  Emphasises that an awareness of history is one of the preconditions for preventing such crimes from occurring in the future and plays an important role in educating the younger generations; points out that downplaying Nazi crimes is the first step towards reawakening ideas from that era;

20.  Calls on the Member States to condemn and counteract all forms of Holocaust denial, including the trivialisation and minimalisation of the crimes of the Nazis and their collaborators; points out that the truth about the Holocaust must not be trivialised by political and media discourses;

21.  Calls for a common culture of remembrance that rejects the fascist crimes of the past; is deeply worried that the younger generations in Europe and elsewhere feel less and less concerned about the history of fascism, and hence risk becoming indifferent to new threats;

22.  Encourages the Member States to promote education through mainstream culture on the diversity of our society and on our common history, including the atrocities of World War II, such as the Holocaust, and the systematic dehumanisation of its victims over a number of years;

23.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, and the governments and parliaments of the Member States.

 

(1)

OJ L 180, 19.7.2000, p. 22.

(2)

OJ L 303, 2.12.2000, p. 16.

(3)

OJ L 328, 6.12.2008, p. 55.

(4)

OJ L 315, 14.11.2012, p. 57.

(5)

OJ L 317, 4.11.2014, p. 1.

(6)

https://www.euractiv.com/section/politics/news/commissioner-warns-of-growing-menace-of-right-wing-terrorism-in-eu/

(7)

https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/sites/homeaffairs/files/what-we-do/networks/radicalisation_awareness_network/about-ran/ran-p-and-p/docs/ran_p-p_right_wing_extremism_on_rise_prague_12-13_12_2017_en.pdf

(8)

https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/sites/homeaffairs/files/what-we-do/networks/radicalisation_awareness_network/ran-papers/docs/ran_pol_police_prevention_and_countering_of_far-right_and_far-left_extremism_rome_12-13_april_2018_en.pdf

(9)

http://fra.europa.eu/en/publication/2018/hate-crime-recording

Last updated: 18 October 2018Legal notice