Procedure : 2018/2891(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-0507/2018

Texts tabled :


Debates :

Votes :

PV 25/10/2018 - 13.20
CRE 25/10/2018 - 13.20

Texts adopted :

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to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure

on the situation in Venezuela (2018/2891(RSP))

Molly Scott Cato, Bodil Valero on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group

European Parliament resolution on the situation in Venezuela (2018/2891(RSP))  

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the report of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights of June 2018 entitled ‘Human rights violations in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela: a downward spiral with no end in sight’,

–  having regard to Council decision (CFSP) 2018/901 of 25 June 2018(1) to add 11 Venezuelan officials to the EU sanctions list,

–  having regard to the Council conclusions of 15 October 2018,

–  having regard to the report of Amnesty International of 20 September 2018 entitled ‘This is no way to live: public security and right to life in Venezuela’,

–  having regard to the report by the Curaçao Ombudsman of June 2018 on refugee policy,

–  having regard to the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants, adopted unanimously by the UN General Assembly on 19 September 2016,

–  having regard to its previous resolutions on Venezuela,

–  having regard to Rule 123(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  whereas the current deep humanitarian and economic crisis in Venezuela, with dire shortages of food and medicine, has caused people to migrate in unprecedented numbers, as well as inducing capital flight;

B.  whereas the intake of Venezuelan migrants poses challenges in terms of reception, access to residence permits and to the labour market for neighbouring countries, including the EU’s outermost regions such as the Dutch islands of Aruba, Bonaire and Curaçao, as well as possibly France’s overseas regions of Guadeloupe and Martinique, and its overseas department of Guiana;

C.  whereas the Curaçao Ombudsman stated in his report of June 2018 that the current deportation policy for Venezuelans arriving at the coasts or airports of Curaçao is in violation of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR);

D.  whereas the decisions of the Council of the European Union regarding the imposition of sanctions against Venezuelan officials for their role in the severe deterioration of the country’s economic situation and the numerous violations of human rights they have overseen, have to be complemented by quick and uncomplicated visa and asylum procedures for those people leaving the country with the aim of reaching safety in European territories;

E.  whereas the international community shares a sense of urgency in trying to support the reopening of a peaceful democratic perspective for the country;

F.  whereas there is a widespread fear that any confrontational approach to the crisis may prevent the adoption of a stabilising solution that is democratically legitimised by the country;

G.  whereas the General Affairs Council, in its sitting on 15 October 2018, discussed ways to re-open the path of political dialogue in Venezuela;

H.  whereas the international community was shocked by the fatal fall, on 8 October 2018, from a window of the state intelligence agency headquarters (SEBIN) of Fernando Alban, an opposition activist who was in custody for alleged participation in a failed drone attack on President Nicolás Maduro on 2 August 2018;

1.  Expresses its conviction, with reference to its numerous resolutions on Venezuela in the current legislature, that the future of this country is in the hands of the Venezuelan people, and that a solution to the multiple current crises can only be found, and political stability can only be achieved, through peaceful negotiations; suggests that an external monitoring mission, run for example by the UN, could be of great value;

2.  Underlines that while security is a huge challenge in Venezuela, the fight against criminal acts and gangs can in no way justify impunity for homicides, repression or any other disproportionate action by the military or police; is of the opinion that all fundamental and human rights violations must be fully investigated and their material and intellectual authors punished;

3.  Is appalled by the fact that recently freed Lorent Saleh, one of the Sakharov Laureates in 2017, has proven links to identitarian, far-right and paramilitary circles in Colombia, from where he was expelled and handed over to the Venezuelan authorities for reasons of Colombian national security under Article 105 of Colombian Decree 4 000 of 2004, after participation in actions using military uniforms and combat arms;

4.  Insists that the fatal fall of opposition member Fernando Alban from a window of the SEBIN headquarters must be fully investigated and clarified by the Venezuelan justice system and recommends an international independent investigation to determine all factors leading to his death;

5.  Asks that the European Union strongly support Venezuela’s neighbourhood countries in their efforts to offer adequate reception to migrants and refugees from Venezuela, that it adequately honour any requests for assistance from them, and, at the same time, that it establish channels for safe and legal access to the EU for those seeking protection; strongly commends the European Union to seek ways and means for the authorities of the outermost regions of the Member States that are near Venezuela to receive any Venezuelans migrating to their territories in a dignified way;

6.  Very much supports VP/HR Federica Mogherini in her efforts, as expressed at the recent General Affairs Council, to facilitate a political process in Venezuela towards a peaceful solution to the crisis;

7.  Encourages the VP/HR and the Council to explore possibilities to establish a contact group on Venezuela;

8.  Reiterates its call for the promotion and establishment of a truly enduring national dialogue by all peaceful means, including by engaging all relevant forces, in order to reach a consensual solution to the conflicting interests in Venezuela and to resolve any disputes between the different branches of public power in a spirit of trust;

9.  Recommends, as a matter of urgency, the inclusion in this political dialogue of a national agreement on economic policy to stabilise the situation;

10.  Calls on political actors outside Venezuela to avoid using the situation in the country for national political purposes;

11.  Is convinced that the political and social stability of Venezuela is a decisive factor in the safeguarding of peace in the entire region;

12.  Strongly rejects any speculation or suggestion of military intervention in Venezuela, which would sharply escalate the violence in Venezuela and have a disastrous effect on the whole region; recalls that any incitement of violence, or violence itself, can only contribute to further destabilisation and could ultimately derail the country and the region;

13.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the parliaments and governments of the Member States, the Government and authorities of Venezuela and the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly.




OJ L 160 I, 25.6.2018, p. 12.

Last updated: 24 October 2018Legal notice