Procedure : 2019/2819(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B9-0099/2019

Texts tabled :

B9-0099/2019

Debates :

PV 18/09/2019 - 17
CRE 18/09/2019 - 17

Votes :

PV 19/09/2019 - 7.5
CRE 19/09/2019 - 7.5
Explanations of votes

Texts adopted :

P9_TA(2019)0021

<Date>{17/09/2019}17.9.2019</Date>
<NoDocSe>B9‑0099/2019</NoDocSe>
PDF 136kWORD 50k

<TitreType>MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION</TitreType>

<TitreSuite>to wind up the debate on the statements by the Council and the Commission</TitreSuite>

<TitreRecueil>pursuant to Rule 132(2) of the Rules of Procedure</TitreRecueil>


<Titre>on the importance of European remembrance for the future of Europe</Titre>

<DocRef>(2019/2819(RSP))</DocRef>


<RepeatBlock-By><Depute>Kati Piri, Isabel Santos</Depute>

<Commission>{S&D}on behalf of the S&D Group</Commission>

</RepeatBlock-By>

See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B9-0097/2019

B9‑0099/2019

European Parliament resolution on the importance of European remembrance for the future of Europe

(2019/2819(RSP))

The European Parliament,

 having regard to the universal principles of human rights and the fundamental principles of the European Union as a community based on common values,

 having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 10 December 1948,

 having regard to the statement issued on 22 August 2019 by First Vice-President Timmermans and Commissioner Jourová ahead of the Europe-Wide Day of Remembrance for the victims of all totalitarian and authoritarian regimes,

 having regard to the report of 9 May 2017 by the UN Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance,

 having regard to UN General Assembly Resolution 71/179 of 19 December 2016 on ‘Combating glorification of Nazism, neo-Nazism and other practices that contribute to fuelling contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance’,

 having regard to its resolution of 25 October 2018 on the rise of neo-fascist violence in Europe[1],

 having regard to its resolution of 12 May 2005 on the 60th anniversary of the end of the Second World War in Europe on 8 May 1945[2],

 having regard to Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA of 28 November 2008 on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law[3],

 having regard to the Prague Declaration on European Conscience and Communism, adopted on 3 June 2008,

 having regard to its declaration of 23 September 2008 on the proclamation of 23 August as European Day of Remembrance for the Victims of Stalinism and Nazism[4],

 having regard to its resolution of 2 April 2009 on European conscience and totalitarianism[5],

 having regard to the Commission’s report of 22 December 2010 on the memory of the crimes committed by totalitarian regimes in Europe (COM(2010)0783),

 having regard to the Council Conclusions of 9-10 June 2011 on the memory of the crimes committed by totalitarian regimes in Europe,

 having regard to the Warsaw Declaration of 23 August 2011 on the European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Totalitarian Regimes,

 having regard to the Joint Declaration of 23 August 2018 by the government representatives of eight EU Member States commemorating the victims of Communism,

 having regard to the Truth and Justice Commissions established in various parts of the world, which have helped those who have lived under numerous former authoritarian and totalitarian regimes to overcome their differences and achieve reconciliation,

 having regard to its resolution on the situation in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania adopted on 13 January 1983[6],

 having regard to Rule 132(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas, as enshrined in Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), the Union is founded on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities; whereas these values are common to all Member States;

B. whereas millions of victims were deported, imprisoned, tortured and murdered by totalitarian and authoritarian regimes during the 20th century in Europe; whereas the uniqueness of the Holocaust perpetrated by the Nazi regime must never be forgotten;

C. whereas 80 years ago, on 23 August 1939, the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany signed the Treaty on Non-Aggression, known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, and its secret protocols, thereby dividing Europe and the territories of independent states into spheres of interest between the two totalitarian regimes and paving the way for the outbreak of the Second World War;

D. whereas, as a direct consequence of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, followed by the Nazi-Soviet Boundary and Friendship Treaty of 28 September 1939, the Polish Republic was invaded first by Hitler and two weeks later by Stalin, which brought about the decisive loss of Polish independence; whereas on 30 November 1939 the Soviet Union started an aggressive war against Finland, and in June 1940 occupied and annexed parts of Romania (territories that were never returned) and annexed by force the independent Republics of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia; whereas on 23 August 1989, the 50th anniversary of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and remembrance of the victims of totalitarian regimes were commemorated by the Baltic Way, an unprecedented demonstration by two million Lithuanians, Latvians and Estonians;

E. whereas after the defeat of the Nazi regime and the end of the Second World War, some European countries enjoyed post-war rebuilding and reconciliation, while others remained under dictatorships, including some under Soviet occupation, and continued to suffer from a lack of freedom, democracy, dignity, human rights and socio-economic development;

F. whereas the remembrance of victims of totalitarian and authoritarian regimes, and recognition and awareness of the shared European legacy of crimes committed by Stalinist, Nazi and other dictatorships, is of vital importance for the unity of Europe and its people and for building the EU’s resilience to today’s external threats;

G. whereas openly neo-fascist, neo-Nazi, racist and xenophobic groups and political parties have been inciting hatred and violence in society, reminding us of what they were capable of doing in the past;

H. whereas the dissemination of hate speech online often leads to a rise in violence, including by neo-fascist groups;

1. Emphasises that the Europe-wide Day of Remembrance for the victims of all totalitarian and authoritarian regimes observed each year on 23 August is a reminder that we must not take dignity, freedom, democracy, the rule of law and human rights for granted, and that peace, democracy and fundamental rights are not a given;

2. Pays tribute to all the victims of Nazism, Stalinism and other totalitarian and authoritarian regimes; stresses that this memory strengthens the value of the peace and prosperity brought by our Union;

3. Stresses that the Second World War, the most devastating war in Europe’s history, was started as the immediate result of the notorious Nazi-Soviet Treaty on Non-Aggression of 23 August 1939, also known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, and its secret protocols, whereby two totalitarian regimes divided Europe into two zones of influence;

4. Reiterates that the Nazi, Stalinist and other totalitarian and authoritarian regimes were responsible for mass murders, genocide, deportations and loss of life and freedoms in the 20th century on a scale hitherto unseen in human history;

5. Condemns historical revisionism and the glorification of Nazi collaborators in some EU Member States; is deeply concerned at the increasing normalisation of fascism, racism, xenophobia and other forms of intolerance in the European Union, and is troubled by reports in some Member States of collusion between political leaders, political parties and law enforcement bodies with neo-fascists and neo-Nazis;

6. Calls on Member States to condemn and counteract all forms of Holocaust denial, including the trivialisation and minimisation of the crimes perpetrated by the Nazis and their collaborators, and to prevent trivialisation in political and media discourse;

7. Calls for a common culture of remembrance that rejects the crimes of fascist, Stalinist, and other totalitarian and authoritarian regimes of the past as a way of fostering resilience against modern threats to democracy, particularly among the younger generation;

8. Encourages the Member States to promote education through mainstream culture on the diversity of our society and on our common history, including education on the atrocities of World War II, such as the Holocaust, and the systematic dehumanisation of its victims over a number of years;

9. Urges the Member States to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Council Framework Decision, to counter organisations that spread hate speech and violence in public spaces and online, and to impose an effective ban on neo-fascist and neo-Nazi groups and any other foundations or associations that exalt and glorify Nazism and fascism, while respecting their domestic legal order and jurisdiction;

10. Calls on the Commission to provide effective support for projects promoting historical memory and remembrance in the Member States and for the activities of the Platform of European Memory and Conscience, and to allocate adequate financial resources under the Europe for Citizens programme in order to support the commemoration and memorialisation of the victims of totalitarian and authoritarian regimes;

11. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States.

 

[1] Texts adopted, P8_TA(2018)0428.

[2] OJ C 92 E, 20.4.2006, p. 392.

[3] OJ L 328, 6.12.2008, p. 55.

[4] OJ C 8 E, 14.1.2010, p. 57.

[5] OJ C 137 E, 27.5.2010, p. 25.

[6] OJ C 42, 14.2.1983, p. 77.

Last updated: 18 September 2019Legal notice