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Streda, 25. mája 2016 - Brusel Revidované vydanie

20. Zavádzanie cezhraničných nástrojov elektronickej identifikácie a on-line služieb (rozprava)
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President. – The next item is the debate on the Commission statement on deployment of cross-border e-identification tools and online services (2016/2706(RSP)).

 
  
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  Andrus Ansip, Vice-President of the Commission. – Madam President, honourable Members of the European Parliament, it is hard to imagine a single market where public services are not available across borders, but it seems that new digital borders are appearing at about the same time that the EU’s physical borders have disappeared.

The European Commission, Parliament and the Member States have been working to correct this. Together we have enacted legislation on electronic identities and signatures: e-ID, e-procurement, and of course the Connecting Europe Facility for digital service infrastructure. All of them will help to remove these digital barriers. It is now time to utilise this joint work so that we create a new generation of eGovernment services that will help to create growth and jobs, the digital single markets and to rebuild people’s trust in governments.

It was with this objective in mind that the European Commission presented its eGovernment Action Plan in April. This plan can be the political instrument to advance the digital transformation of public administrations across the European Union. It will address the problems faced by people, businesses and public administrations through the strategic objectives set out in the Digital Single Market strategy.

The plan has three main aims: firstly, to modernise public administrations using key technical building blocks; secondly, to achieve movements across a border using interoperable digital public services; thirdly, to facilitate digital interaction between administrations, people and businesses for high-quality public services.

The EU eGovernment Action Plan runs to 2020 and will promote the take-up of eID, one of the digital service infrastructures funded by the Connecting Europe Facility. The European Commission is promoting this through awareness campaigns and also through public and private sector grants for its implementation.

Digital-by-default is one of the underlying principles guiding the work of the new eGovernment Action Plan. Many Member States are applying or intending to apply the digital-by-default principle while keeping other channels open for those who are unwilling or unable to interact via the internet with governments. All activities and initiatives led by the Commission will be prepared in line with our better regulation standards. This includes assessing the ICT impact of Commission proposals. Public-private cooperation is required if there is to be a needs-based service delivery. This also applies to collaborative service creation and the private sector’s provision of services based on open public sector information.

The Commission strongly supports this kind of collaboration as well as the private sector’s involvement in jointly creating online solutions. The Commission also funds several innovation projects under Horizon 2020 in this area. Since open data is essential for developing such services, the Commission recommends that the public sector make its data available electronically. It will itself guide the way forward by making its data available through the European Data Portal.

‘Once only’ is another key underlying principle of the eGovernment Action Plan. Applying this principle in the European Union could generate annual net savings of around EUR 5 billion per year by 2017. The principle means that people and businesses should supply the same information once only to a public administration. Public administration shares this data internally with due respect for data protection rules, so that there is no additional burden for people or businesses.

Rather than forcing them to fit around these processes, it calls for the reorganisation of public sector internal processes. The Commission is considering applying the ‘once only’ principle in several policies. Under the Horizon 2020 programme it has called for a pilot scheme driven by Member States for applying the ‘once only’ principle across borders for businesses. The Commission is considering the gradual roll-out of this principle in its interactions with suppliers and grant participants. It will examine the possibilities for introducing the ‘once only’ principle for other interested parties.

I would like to conclude by emphasising the need to support the use of e-ID. It is essential for ensuring a high take-up of digital public services. Together with the digital-by-default and ‘once only’ principles this will guarantee less administrative burden for people and businesses. This is good for the digital single market and it is good for European growth and competitiveness.

 
  
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  Andreas Schwab, im Namen der PPE-Fraktion. – Frau Präsidentin, Herr Vizepräsident, liebe Kolleginnen und Kollegen! Wir begrüßen ausdrücklich, dass Sie, Herr Vizepräsident Ansip, sich heute Abend der Debatte über den Einsatz von elektronischen Identifikationsmitteln im europäischen Binnenmarkt stellen und hier ja auch deutlich zum Ausdruck gebracht haben, dass Sie wollen, dass mehr dieser elektronischen Identifikationsmöglichkeiten genutzt werden.

Die Notwendigkeit für diese digitalen elektronischen Identifikationsmöglichkeiten nimmt täglich zu, weil immer mehr Bürger eben auch Dienste inzwischen digital in Anspruch nehmen, die nur dann sicher – und zwar sicher im Sinne der Bürgerinnen und Bürger und der Nutzer einerseits, aber auch sicher im Sinne der gesetzlichen Vorgaben anderseits – genutzt werden können. Und dafür brauchen wir sichere, reliable services.

Es gibt ja – und Sie kommen selber aus Estland – eine Reihe von Mitgliedstaaten der Europäischen Union, die da bereits erste Schritte unternommen haben. Der estnische Premierminister war ja erst Beginn der Woche in Berlin bei der Klausur der Bundesregierung und hat diese Pläne vorgestellt. In Deutschland gibt es bereits einen Vorreiter, der leider nur sehr wenig genutzt wird, weil die Anbindung des Ausweisdokuments an den digitalen Geschäftsverkehr am Ende über eine Schnittstelle erfolgen muss, die bisher noch nicht hinreichend einfach geklärt ist. Estland hat sich da sehr schnell entwickelt. Aber ich glaube, dass wir uns einig sein müssen, dass jedes neue Mittel, das wir in der Europäischen Union einsetzen, eins zur zwingenden Voraussetzung hat: absolute Datensicherheit für die Nutzer und absolute Sicherheit, soweit sie hoheitlich verlangt wird. Deswegen sollten wir schon versuchen, den Binnenmarkt über die elektronische Identifikation herzustellen. Wir sollten jetzt nicht 28 unterschiedliche nationale Systeme entwickeln, um dann hinterher der Frage nachzugehen, wie wir die verbinden können. Aber wir sollten gleichzeitig auch die berechtigten Anliegen der Mitgliedstaaten und der Wirtschaftsbeteiligten nach sicheren Verfahren ernst nehmen und gemeinsam nach Möglichkeiten suchen, dass die Europäische Union mit dem eGovernment Action Plan hier einen wichtigen Schritt in die digitale Zukunft tun kann. Die EVP-Fraktion, Herr Kommissar, wird hier sehr konstruktiv mitarbeiten.

 
  
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  Evelyne Gebhardt, im Namen der S&D-Fraktion. – Frau Präsidentin! Herr Ansip, vielen Dank für die Vorschläge, die Sie vorgelegt haben, die gehen in die richtige Richtung. Modernisierung der Gesellschaft, die brauchen wir und diese neuen Mittel, die uns durch die Digitalisierung zur Verfügung gestellt werden, können auch sehr viele sehr positive Fortschritte bedeuten, und die sollten wir auch nutzen. Aber– und da bin ich mit meinem Vorredner ganz einer Meinung– wir müssen dafür sorgen, dass diese Mittel, die zur Verfügung gestellt werden, sicher sind. Der Datenschutz ist äußerst wichtig, und wir müssen auch dafür sorgen, gerade auch für unsere Unternehmen, die manchmal auch sensible Daten übertragen müssen, dass da das Hacken dieser Daten verhindert wird, dass die Sicherheit in diesen Bereichen ganz besonders groß ist und sie eben nicht durch bestimmte Personen benutzt werden können, für die die Daten gar nicht vorgesehen sind.

Das ist eine ganz enorme Herausforderung, denn da geht es dann nicht nur um die Mittel, die Möglichkeiten, das eine mit dem anderen zu verbinden, es geht auch um die ganzen Wege und auch die Apparate auf beiden Seiten, die genauso sicher sein müssen. Wenn wir hören, wie einfach es ist, etwas abzuhören, dann müssen wir sehr vorsichtig sein. Deswegen: Ja zur Modernisierung, ja zur Identifikation, ja zu den neuen Möglichkeiten, aber das muss ganz, ganz genau und gut vorbereitet werden.

Der zweite Punkt, denn ich jetzt nur anreißen kann, ist: Wir müssen aber auch ein Informationssystem haben, damit die Leute, die damit arbeiten, auch Vertrauen entwickeln, denn dieses Vertrauen ist heute noch gar nicht da.

 
  
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  Anneleen Van Bossuyt, namens de ECR-Fractie. – Mevrouw de voorzitter, meer en meer overheden zetten zich in om het leven van de burgers te vergemakkelijken door nieuwe digitale diensten te verlenen.

In mijn eigen regio, Vlaanderen, hebben wij daar bijvoorbeeld al verschillende initiatieven over genomen, onder andere het recente initiatief "Vlaanderen Radicaal Digitaal". E-overheid en alles wat daarmee gepaard gaat, zoals e-identificatie, moet zoveel mogelijk gestimuleerd worden.

Er is al een terechte vraag gesteld over de zichtbaarheid van de instrumenten die al bestaan, die vaak bij de burgers onbekend zijn: een probleem waar we in Europa wel vaker mee te maken hebben.

In het kader van e-overheid denk ik ook dat het heel belangrijk is dat we meer en meer gebruik gaan maken van het "only once"-beginsel, omdat de complexe aanvraagprocedures en administratieve lasten die daarmee gepaard gaan vaak een drempel vormen voor bedrijven en burgers. In het kader daarvan denk ik dat we moeten streven, zeker binnen Europa, naar een maximale gegevensdeling tussen de verschillende administraties.

 
  
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  Kaja Kallas, on behalf of the ALDE Group. – Madam President, this morning one speaker made a very interesting parallel between the industrial revolution and the digital revolution: that the industrial revolution brought many good things, but it also brought challenges like air pollution. So it is the same with the digital revolution. It creates new opportunities but it also has new challenges around cyber security and privacy, so therefore I think that the digital identity should be at the heart of our digital policies. E-ID will be the key to address challenges of privacy and cyber security and to the growth of digital economy. All these passwords, logins and all that is needed, are needed to be replaced by online measures which are secure. Edward Lucas wrote in his book Cyberphobia about this trend for passwords for everything, and he says that it is a recipe for catastrophe because it is a system which is very difficult for the humans to remember but very easy for the computer to guess. So many Member States have already developed means of online identification, but in some countries citizens are not even aware of this, because they do not have any online services that they can use e-identity for. So what is the incentive to do it in the first place?

Therefore I have two questions for the Vice-President. Given that from September 2018 all Member States will be required to recognise all notified national E-ID means, what will be the concrete actions taken to ensure that this is implemented in time but also that Member States have the online services available for their citizens?

The other question, as we need to lead by example: is the Commission intending to actually implement this in the Commission, so that the Commission will also recognise E-ID’s place, and when will this happen?

 
  
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  Isabella Adinolfi, a nome del gruppo EFDD. – Signora Presidente, onorevoli colleghi, sempre più attività che si legano all'esercizio dei diritti fondamentali, come per esempio la libertà di espressione, avvengono in rete. I concetti di cittadinanza digitale e di governo digitale sono concetti relativamente nuovi, ma che in un futuro non tanto prossimo diventeranno realtà.

Noi in quanto legislatori abbiamo il compito di individuare le potenzialità e le criticità che l'avanzamento tecnologico determina, così da poter legiferare in maniera efficace tutelando soprattutto i soggetti più deboli. Quando si parla di servizi di identificazione ed autenticazione elettronica si devono tenere a mente alcune questioni fondamentali, come le modalità di raccolta e trattamento dei dati personali e la natura pubblica, o meno, dei gestori di tali dati e del fornitore del servizio di identificazione stesso. Ritengo fondamentale che i servizi di identificazione debbano essere gestiti dalla mano pubblica, vista la delicatezza delle informazioni raccolte, eppure ciò non accade sempre in Europa. Ad esempio l'Italia si è affidata anche ai privati per sviluppare questi servizi (Telecom Italia e Infocert) assegnando parte dei fondi del Connecting Europe Facility.

Io mi chiedo e vi chiedo a questo punto: perché è avvenuto ciò? E qual è il vantaggio per i cittadini?

 
  
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  Ελευθέριος Συναδινός ( NI). – Κυρία πρόεδρε, σε πρόσφατη ερώτησή μου προς την Επιτροπή έθεσα το ζήτημα της αδυναμίας ταυτοποίησης των εισελθόντων στα εξωτερικά σύνορα της Ένωσης. Συγκεκριμένα, πολλοί δεν έχουν έγγραφα που να τους ταυτοποιούν και αρκετοί αρνούνται να δώσουν δακτυλικά αποτυπώματα.

Ρώτησα, λοιπόν, την Επιτροπή, αν προτίθεται να εξοπλίσει τις αρχές υποδοχής με συστήματα αναγνώρισης προσώπου. Με αυτά η αναγνώριση ή η επιβεβαίωση ενός ατόμου γίνεται μέσω μιας ψηφιακής φωτογραφίας ή ταινίας και της σύγκρισης επιλεγμένων χαρακτηριστικών του προσώπου ενός ατόμου με μία τράπεζα δεδομένων προσώπου.

Η απάντηση του επιτρόπου Αβραμόπουλου ήταν ότι, η Επιτροπή θα αξιολογήσει και θα διερευνήσει περαιτέρω τεχνικές και νομικές επιλογές.

Τέτοια συστήματα μπορούν να εγκατασταθούν σε όλα τα εξωτερικά αλλά και κρίσιμα διασυνοριακά σημεία ελέγχου. Οι πηγές άντλησης στοιχείων και πληροφοριών είναι ανεξάντλητες, ενώ εύκολα μπορούν να συνεργαστούν με τα υπάρχοντα συστήματα EURODAC, AIS και VIS, αλλά και τις βάσεις δεδομένων της Europol και των υπηρεσιών πληροφοριών των κρατών μελών. Με αυτόν τον τρόπο θα υπάρξει ενίσχυση του οπλοστασίου στην καταπολέμηση του οργανωμένου εγκλήματος και της τρομοκρατίας.

Για αυτόν τον λόγο καλώ την Επιτροπή και το Συμβούλιο, να προχωρήσουν άμεσα στη μελέτη και προμήθεια τέτοιων συστημάτων.

 
  
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  Róża Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein (PPE). – Pani Przewodnicząca! Cyfryzacja dokumentów to jest jeszcze jeden element tego naszego rynku wspólnego, naszego wspólnego funkcjonowania w Unii Europejskiej i zanikania granic – tak jak to wspomniał pan komisarz. Powinny one zanikać, a właśnie ciągle jeszcze w świecie cyfrowym te granice są odczuwalne i bardzo widoczne. Cyfryzacja dokumentów musi być bezpieczna i musi być dostępna. My musimy mieć jeden system europejski dla całej Unii Europejskiej, inaczej będziemy znowu godzinami, dniami, tygodniami i latami pracować nad tym, żeby ten system zharmonizować i to będzie tak trudne jak harmonizowanie praw, które już od dawna istnieją w Unii Europejskiej.

Pan Synadinos mówił (wyszedł już niestety) o dokumentach cyfrowych w kontekście uchodźców. Ja akurat w zeszłym tygodniu byłam w kilku obozach dla uchodźców w Grecji i rzeczywiście jednym z zasadniczych problemów dla tych ludzi, którzy miesiącami siedzą kompletnie bezsensownie w obozach, jest to, że wyrobienie dokumentów jest takie trudne. Gdybyśmy już dzisiaj mieli elektroniczne dokumenty, łatwo dostępne i pewne, gdyby te dane, tak jak mówimy na tej sali, mogły być zbierane raz od każdego, a nie wielokrotnie, gdyby odciski palców były w łatwiejszy sposób zbierane i bezpiecznie przechowywane, to oszczędzilibyśmy nie tylko poczucia braku bezpieczeństwa, że nasze dokumenty mogą być podrabiane, ale oszczędzilibyśmy cierpienia wielu tysiącom ludzi, którzy na naszym kontynencie tułają się bez papierów. Więc bardzo również zachęcam do przyspieszenia tego procesu dla nas i dla tych, którzy przybywają na nasz kontynent.

(Mówca zgadza się odpowiedzieć na pytanie zadane zgodnie z procedurą niebieskiej kartki (art. 162 ust. 8 Regulaminu)).

 
  
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  Ангел Джамбазки (ECR), въпрос, зададен чрез вдигане на синя карта. – Г-жо Председател, уважаема колега, от Вашето изказване разбирам, че сте привърженик на идеята за по-бързо разпадане на националните държави и прехвърляне на отговорност на наднационални органи, но не мислите ли, че начинът на въвеждане на трансграничните инструменти и определянето на националните органи по прилагането им трябва допълнително да бъдат изяснени, за да бъде избегнато прехвърлянето на тежести и на задължения върху националните законодателства и държавите членки?

 
  
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  Róża Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein (PPE), odpowiedź na pytanie zadane przez podniesienie niebieskiej kartki. – Drogi Kolego! Rozbawił mnie Pan po prostu tak, że nie mogę opanować śmiechu. Harmonizacja dokumentów cyfrowych, harmonizacja w Unii Europejskiej dokumentów cyfrowych, tak jak harmonizacja różnych praw i zapisów, jeszcze niekoniecznie znaczy znoszenie państw w Unii Europejskiej, państw członkowskich. I na pewno, jeżeli będzie Pan miał dokument, który będzie funkcjonował we wszystkich krajach, nie zniesie to pana poczucia narodowości, ani nie zabierze to panu tożsamości. Gwarantuję to Panu. Mogę na to dać odcisk palca.

 
  
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  Carlos Zorrinho (S&D). – Senhora Presidente, Senhor Comissário, consolidar uma união digital robusta é uma das prioridades estratégicas para combatermos a fragmentação política, económica e social que estamos a viver na União Europeia. E a revolução digital abre-nos uma enorme oportunidade, para a sociedade, para a economia e, hoje mesmo, o senhor apresentou medidas e peças legislativas muito importantes para o desenvolvimento do mercado digital.

Mas temos que complementar isso. Precisamos de uma cloud europeia de dados, um conjunto de processos simples para que as empresas e os cidadãos possam tirar partido dos novos modelos de governação.

Portugal tem um excelente exemplo, chama-se Simplex, e a União Europeia precisa desenvolver um Simplex europeu: identificação digital fácil, digitalização por princípio, acesso em linha a serviços públicos e privados, integração ou interconexão das bases de dados para criar balcões únicos e qualificar os utilizadores.

Sr. Comissário, o futuro começa hoje e temos que agir depressa na concretização desta agenda: uma governação eletrónica de base europeia ao serviço dos cidadãos e das nossas empresas.

 
  
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  Pilar del Castillo Vera (PPE). – Señora Presidenta, muchas gracias de nuevo, Comisario. Hoy ha sido un día en el que se han debatido de una manera bastante extensa temas que tenían relación con la transformación digital, con el mercado digital europeo.

No nos damos cuenta muchas veces de hasta qué punto las administraciones públicas desempeñan un papel determinante en la transformación digital y en el desarrollo del mercado único digital. En Europa, el peso de las administraciones públicas sigue siendo extraordinariamente alto comparado con otros lugares del mundo y, en ese sentido, hace falta redoblar un esfuerzo, que a veces parece que queda un poco en segundo lugar, para que se desarrolle esa transformación digital también en las administraciones públicas.

La identificación electrónica en ese sentido y con ese objetivo es un elemento clave, pero la interoperabilidad de los servicios públicos en la Unión Europea también juega un papel extraordinario. Habría que hacer un esfuerzo por seguir poniendo o por poner más el acento en la transformación digital de las administraciones públicas, porque constituye un elemento dinamizador extraordinario también para la economía digital y la sociedad digital. Así que yo lo que pido es que se haga todavía un esfuerzo mayor, al menos de llamada de atención permanente.

 
  
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  Dan Nica (S&D). – Doamnă președintă, domnule comisar, salut propunerea Comisiei privind planul de acțiune al Uniunii Europene pentru guvernare electronică 2016-2020. Principiul „doar o singură dată” este foarte important pentru asigurarea interoperabilității, atât la nivel național, cât și în afara frontierelor naționale, atâta timp cât sunt respectate normele de protecție a datelor și nicio sarcină suplimentară nu le revine cetățenilor sau întreprinderilor.

În al doilea rând, măsurile propuse pentru guvernare electronică trebuie să fie implementate împreună cu acțiuni pentru identificarea electronică, iar măsura propusă de către Comisie este dezvoltarea unui prototip de catalog european al standardelor în telecomunicații și tehnologia informației. Data prevăzută este 2017. Eu consider că ar trebui devansată pentru 2016, deoarece este acțiune suport ce susține planul de implementare a eGovernment. Această măsură trebuie să înlesnească interoperabilitatea în achiziția de soluții digitale prin încurajarea raportării la seturi comune de standarde și profiluri din tehnologia informațiilor și comunicații în cadrul procedurilor de ofertare ale autorităților publice contractante, iar criteriile de achiziții pentru servicii publice trebuie corelate cu criteriile din FEDER, pentru a se respecta regulile de procurement.

 
  
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  Michał Boni (PPE). – Madam President, Mr Vice-President, there is no possibility to go forward and to implement the digital single market solutions without some crucial technical and essential conditions. One of them is, of course, e-identification, supported by interoperability and proper standardisation. How can we develop public services accessible all over Europe without a digital identity? It means that we need to speed up the implementation of the E-ID project and go ahead with digital-by-default solutions and the ‘once only’ principle, which really simplify all kinds of services and make many relations between government and citizens much more open. How can we develop e—commerce without user-friendly digital identity, which is key for speeding up and scaling up the business processes, but also for the trust and for avoiding cybercrimes at the large scale? How can we develop portability of many services’ digital content without clear solutions in the area of e-identity?

Discussing the digital content services regulation, we are trying to find various forms for the verification of the identity. It would be much simpler to have the national, but European-compatible e-identity. So we need it. We have a framework, we have tools, we have projects, now we have the action prepared by the European Commission and good proposals in the e-government communication, but what we feel is a lack, a deficit – the readiness to go in this direction at the same time by all Member States. The political will is needed first of all.

 
  
  

IN THE CHAIR: RYSZARD CZARNECKI
Vice-President

 
  
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  Catherine Stihler (S&D). – Mr President, my thanks to the Commission and to the previous speaker. So why does e-identification really matter? What matters is we have heard about access to public services in e-government and also to online shopping and e-commerce, and without it the best access that we can have would be limited and in the worst case scenario could be denied at all, so that is why e-identification is so important. What we are doing is creating one set of rules that covers 28 countries, covering 500 million people, and together we can tackle these challenges. Interoperability has previously been outlined, legal certainty also, because at the end of the day, e-identification really is about creating trust. Trust is key to e-ID, and by working together we can make this happen.

In my country we have just 29 days before we have an EU referendum, and it is vital that we – Britain – remain part of the European Union. We have influence over this very debate on e-identification, but if we leave, if we walk away from our closest neighbours and closest friends, we will have no say in this debate and yet we will still have to pay to have the privilege to trade. In my own constituency there are 250 000 jobs reliant on exports to the European Union, and I do not want to see our workplace rights jeopardised. Therefore, if we were to leave, we would be poorer, isolated and diminished, and that is why Great Britain has to remain part of the European Union.

 
  
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  Jiří Pospíšil (PPE). – Pane komisaři, já jsem se zájmem vyslechl vaše vystoupení. Já velmi vítám, že součástí digitální agendy vaší Komise není pouze otázka digitalizace vnitřního trhu, ale že stejně důležitá je i ta druhá oblast, veřejný sektor, a že tedy akční plán, o kterém jste hovořil, jasně říká, jak by se měla digitalizovat veřejná správa. Považuji to za mimořádně důležité, protože kdybychom digitalizovali pouze vnitřní trh, zaváděli tady posilování online prodejů atd., ale veřejný sektor začal zaostávat, pak by to v praxi příliš nefungovalo.

Sám vidím v ČR, z které pocházím, to, že malé a střední firmy velmi výrazně využívají online prodej. Jsme na předním místě v Evropě, ale v oblasti veřejné správy jsme zcela na konci. Takže prosím vyviňte, pokud možno, tlak na jednotlivé národní vlády, ať tomuto tématu věnují pozornost, protože celková digitalizace, tzn. veřejný i soukromý sektor dohromady, může být pouze takto úspěšná.

 
  
 

Catch-the-eye procedure

 
  
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  José Blanco López (S&D). – Señor Presidente, la implantación de la administración electrónica ha permitido simplificar numerosos procedimientos administrativos, reducir costes e incrementar la propia eficacia del sector público. También ha permitido un acercamiento y una mejor interacción con el ciudadano. Hace poco se alcanzó un acuerdo clave para hacer más accesibles los sitios web, aplicaciones y contenidos del sector público. Es necesario seguir dando pasos en esa dirección en beneficio de ciudadanos y de empresas para incrementar la accesibilidad de estos servicios, lo cual exige asimismo mejorar continuamente las competencias digitales. La identidad electrónica es un elemento esencial para garantizar la confianza en el entorno digital, tanto en el seno de cada Estado miembro como especialmente para la creación de servicios transfronterizos, y facilitar la movilidad de ciudadanos y empresas. Asegurar el pleno respeto de las normas de protección de datos y la seguridad de las redes son, sin duda, elementos cruciales para impulsar la administración electrónica y los servicios públicos digitales.

 
  
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  Νότης Μαριάς ( ECR). – Κύριε πρόεδρε, προκειμένου να υπάρξουν διασυνοριακές και ασφαλείς ηλεκτρονικές συναλλαγές εντός των κρατών μελών της Ένωσης πρέπει να υπάρξουν κανόνες για την ηλεκτρονική ταυτοποίηση.

Έτσι, οι Ευρωπαίοι πολίτες θα πρέπει να μπορούν να χρησιμοποιούν τα δικά τους συστήματα ηλεκτρονικής ταυτοποίησης για την πρόσβαση σε δημόσιες υπηρεσίες σε άλλες χώρες της Ένωσης. Βέβαια, η ύπαρξη πολλών βάσεων δεδομένων που δεν είναι διασυνδεδεμένες μπορεί να δημιουργήσουν πρόσθετο κόστος, καθώς και να θέσουν σε κίνδυνο την ασφάλεια και την προστασία των προσωπικών δεδομένων.

Επομένως, αυτό πρέπει αρχικά να διευθετηθεί είναι να υπάρξουν ομαλές συνθήκες λειτουργίας των δημοσίων υπηρεσιών και της δημόσιας διοίκησης, παράλληλα με την ηλεκτρονική διακυβέρνηση. Άλλωστε, οι φορείς που παρέχουν ηλεκτρονικές υπηρεσίες επιβεβαίωσης της ταυτότητας σε άλλους φορείς και συστήματα του δημοσίου τομέα θα πρέπει να έχουν σαν στόχο τη μείωση του κόστους και τη διευκόλυνση της ζωής των Ευρωπαίων πολιτών.

 
  
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  Ivan Jakovčić (ALDE). – Gospodine predsjedniče, Pula je prvi grad u Hrvatskoj koji je uveo sustav e-građanin. Koliko je to bilo važno za naše građane, gospodarstvo Pule, Istre i Hrvatske svjedoče mnogi vrlo pozitivni primjeri.

Zato snažno podržavam vašu namjeru, g. povjereniče, da taj sustav e-građanin i identifikacija u cijelom EU-u što prije zauzmu pravo mjesto. Naravno, u tom kontekstu posebno nam je bitna prekogranična suradnja, odnosno prekogranična e-identifikacija svakoga građanina, svakoga gospodarskog subjekta koji ima takvu potrebu.

Ovom prilikom želim izraziti snažnu podršku Komisiji, jer vjerujem da je to jedini ispravni put kako bismo europsko gospodarstvo učinili još konkurentnijim i kako bi naši građani imali još kvalitetniju uslugu.

 
  
 

(End of catch-the-eye procedure)

 
  
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  Andrus Ansip, Vice-President of the Commission. – Mr President, honourable Members of the European Parliament, thank you very much for this really fruitful debate. According to my understanding, all the services provided by our governments had to be digital by default, open by default and cross-border by default. We all know that those e-governmental services will make our governments more efficient, more transparent, which is extremely important, but if those services are provided in a really transparent way, then this will not create the best environment for corruption for example. Not everybody will be happy about this, and also those governments which will provide internet-based services are, as a rule, more inclusive governments. But to involve our people it is extremely important.

It is important by the governments to provide their citizens with a single digital identity, and this identity has to be strong, because this is all about trust. Once again, if people do not trust those internet-based e-services, they will never start to use those services.

About efficiency. Single digital identity makes those governmental services but also private services cheaper than usage of traditional signatures. So it is not polite to provide examples always about Estonia. But in Estonia we think that just because of usage of digital signatures, we were able to save one working week per year, which is equal to 2% of our GDP, which is equal to our defence expenditure. We can say defence expenditure in Estonia is coming from digital signatures. So it is a question about efficiency.

I would like also to underline the importance of the ‘once only’ principle. I know once again from my own experience how important it was to introduce this ‘once only’ principle. In Estonia it took six years to get those first one million digital signatures and then we introduce, the ‘once only’ principle. It means the state has the right to ask for information from their citizens or their companies only once, and it gave a real boost on usage of those digital identities. Now, in the country I know best, they are getting more than 1.3 million digital signatures per week already, and the population in Estonia is 1.3 million inhabitants.

All those digital solutions provided by our governments had to be user-centric, and if those solutions included digital identities, they will be really user-centric solutions, then people they will use those solutions. If signing digitally will take four or five minutes, nobody will start to use those solutions. There are some really good examples. For example, in Austria I know people they are using mobile identities quite often, in some other countries also, it is common to use mobile identities instead to use those Smart ID cards.

Those solutions, digital solutions, they have to be user-centric and then people they will use those solutions and our people they have to be absolutely sure that those solutions are there, also really safe and well protected.

It is true that our registers do not talk with each other. We have in all the countries digital prior business registers, but it is very difficult to get information in a digital way, in a trusted manner, from another country from those business registers. If somebody wants to make business for example here in Belgium, but he is coming from some other countries, then how those local people they know who has mandate to represent this company here in this country?

It is so easy theoretically to get information from business register, but in real life paper is needed. In the 21st century paper is still needed for that. We have some quite good examples about the regional cooperation, about mutual recognition of digital identities – I know best about this example we have in the Baltic States and between Finland also – but there are some other examples also.

We have already eIDAS Directive which allows mutual recognition of those digital identities, but full implementation of eIDAS directive takes some time. We have implementation acts. There is cooperation networking in place. The eIDAS Observatory will be launched in the second half of 2016 to boost online trust security and transparency in the digital single market and to facilitate the use of cross-border electronic identification and trust services. But I absolutely agree with those people who say that the European Commission has to lead by example, and we will try to do that.

So e-procurement it is a real challenge for all of us. According to analysis prepared by the European Parliament, if we will be able to use e-procurement across the European Union, we can save one billion euros per year. But also this service is based on strong digital identities. In the European Commission we have to be ready for full implementation of e-procurement.

About organised crime and the refugee crisis. Once again, single digital identity based on biometrics is needed. As we know, just recently it happened so that one of those terrorists was able to change his identity in the European Union even 7 times. It is a shame. So we have to build up really good interoperability network and we have to introduce in all the EU Member States strong digital identities, and we have to fully implement the eIDAS Directive.

I am looking forward to really fruitful cooperation in this field between the European Commission and the European Parliament.

 
  
 

Przewodniczący. – Zamykam debatę.

 
  
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  József Nagy (PPE), írásban. – Az Európai Unió Bizottsága szorgalmazza az e-kormányzás és a határokon átnyúló elektronikus azonosításra szolgáló eszközök és online szolgáltatások rendelkezésre állásának széleskörű, gyors és hatékony bevezetését. A digitális határok napjainkra már teljesen megszűntek, így erre a politikának is reagálnia kell. Az elektronikus eszközök és online szolgáltatások használata megerősíti a digitális belső piacot és válaszol a digitális közigazgatás kihívásaira, így például az új technikai elemek megjelenésére, az elektronikus szolgáltatások mindennapi igénybevételére és azok használatára. A Bizottság különböző cselekvési tervekkel és kampányokkal népszerűsíti az e-kormányzáshoz való akadálymentes hozzáférést, például 2010–2015 között az e-kormányzati cselekvési tervvel, majd ezt követően a HORIZONT 2020 innovációs programmal.

Az e-kormányzásnak köszönhetően jelent meg az elektronikus személyazonosító (eID), mely a határokon átnyúló közigazgatási eljárások lefolyását könnyíti meg, például a külföldön történő vállalkozásalapítást, a költözést és külföldi munkavállalást, nyugdíjjogosultságok online rendezését, iskolákba, egyetemekre történő beiratkozást. A digitális rendszereknek köszönhetően átláthatóvá és nyitottá válik a közigazgatás munkamenete, mind a polgárok, mind a vállalkozások nyomon követhetik ügyeik, tranzakcióik állapotát.

 
  
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  Eva Paunova (PPE), in writing. – I believe that the shift to e-government in Europe through the development of e-identification tools and a wide availability of online services is a very important milestone in the development of the Digital Single Market and the future of the European Union. It is essential for competitiveness, reducing costs for businesses and making life easier for European citizens and therefore requires ambitious initiatives. In order to ensure the adoption of online services, the deployment of a secure digital identity is necessary to build public trust and ensure convenience. In this respect, we need to support the initiatives for promoting awareness about the opportunities of e-identification. A secure electronic identification is an important step towards data protection and the prevention of online fraud. Citizens and businesses need to be able to trust that their data is treated in full respect of existing data protection legislation. Without certainty on the legal validity of all these related services, businesses and citizens will remain reluctant to use the digital interactions as their natural way of interaction because they will be unsure of the issue of a possible dispute.

 
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