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 Full text 
Thursday, 19 September 2019 - Strasbourg Provisional edition

Myanmar, notably the situation of the Rohingya

  Urmas Paet, author. – Mr President, the latest UN fact-finding mission on Myanmar warned that the approximately 600 000 Rohingya who remain in Myanmar live under the threat of genocide. The crimes against humanity and war crimes against ethnic communities by the Myanmar army continue, and the army and the Government enjoy impunity for their crimes.

The Rohingya in Myanmar are being discriminated against and denied their basic rights, and are subjected to arbitrary arrests, lack of freedom of movement and limited health care. The more than 700 000 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh, who have fled the violence and genocide in Myanmar, are also facing serious problems as the refugee camps are overcrowded, have unsanitary conditions and provide limited access to maternal and health care for women and children. The children lack access to education and there is a rising problem of human and sex trafficking.

EU and other international organisations must work towards gaining access to the conflict areas and places of segregation in Myanmar, in order to deliver aid and to monitor the situation on the ground. We must continue stressing the need for Myanmar to give citizenship and full civil rights to the Rohingya. Investigation of the human rights violations must take place and perpetrators must be held accountable. The EU must seriously consider using the tools it has – by way of extending entry bans, targeted sanctions and freezing of assets – to influence the Myanmar Government and military to stop these atrocities, and should finally review the trade preferences that benefit Myanmar.

Last updated: 30 September 2019Legal notice