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 Full text 
Wednesday, 18 December 2019 - Strasbourg Revised edition

Compatibility between the current EU - Mercosur Free Trade Agreement and the Commission's proposal for a European Green Deal (topical debate)

  Miapetra Kumpula-Natri (S&D). – Madam President, the question in front of us is whether the Green Deal and the Mercosur Free Trade Agreement can be compatible. The EU—Mercosur Agreement includes a binding commitment for the parties to effectively implement the Paris Agreement, but this commitment is made in the sustainable development chapter and, as such, is not subject to trade sanctions. If the agreement were ratified as it is and Brazil backtracks on its Paris commitments, including the goal of zero illegal deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon by 2030, the EU cannot sanction Brazil’s behaviour by taking away its trade preferences. Brazil is now a challenging partner for the EU, as we learned last week in the Madrid COP25 meeting.

But in the European Green Deal, the Commission proposed to make respect of the Paris Agreement an essential element for all future comprehensive trade agreements. The disrespect of an essential element of an agreement would give grounds for trade sanctions. So I propose the solution that Parliament should now demand that, as a condition for ratifying the trade deal, the Paris climate pledge should be made an essential element of the Mercosur Agreement. I’m the one looking for a solution to make this agreement a progressive tool to fight climate change.

Last updated: 10 February 2020Legal notice