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Parliamentary questions
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16 February 2015
Question for written answer E-002504-15
to the Commission
Rule 130
Anja Hazekamp (GUE/NGL) , Stefan Eck (GUE/NGL) , Fabio Massimo Castaldo (EFDD) , Ivo Vajgl (ALDE) , Jeppe Kofod (S&D) , Julie Girling (ECR) , Marco Zullo (EFDD) , Michela Giuffrida (S&D) , Bart Staes (Verts/ALE) , Pascal Durand (Verts/ALE) , Marco Affronte (EFDD) , Pavel Poc (S&D) , Róża Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein (PPE) , Klaus Buchner (Verts/ALE) , Rikke Karlsson (ECR) , Heidi Hautala (Verts/ALE)

 Subject:  Illegal trade in Barbary macaques
 Answer in writing 

Recently a report was published in the Netherlands which shows that the Barbary macaque is threatened with extinction (https://www.aap.nl/en/news/aap-alerts-barbary-macaques-danger-extinction).

Every year 200 Barbary macaques, mostly infants, are caught in the wild in Morocco. This number is already above population replacement rate for the largest population, found in the Middle Atlas. Experts predict that the species could be wiped out in 15-20 years, which makes it one of the most vulnerable species in the world. Most of the young monkeys end up as pets in Europe, which leads to serious animal welfare problems for the monkeys, as well as health and safety risks for humans. Barbary macaques are registered in Annex II of CITES, yet vast illegal trade to Europe persists; enforcement is clearly not a priority for Morocco and could be improved in Europe. Why is the fight against illegal Barbary macaque trade not a priority for the Commission?

— What measures will the Commission take to keep Morocco to its obligations under CITES?

— What enforcement measures will the Commission take to halt this illegal trade?

— Could the Commission provide a detailed overview of all actions undertaken in the fight against illegal wildlife trade?

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