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Parliamentary questions
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24 February 2015
Question for written answer E-002789-15
to the Commission
Rule 130
Bart Staes (Verts/ALE)

 Subject:  Administration of antibiotics to humans and animals, causing resistance
 Answer in writing 

On 30 January 2015, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) published a study of the relationship between consumption of antibiotics and the occurrence of resistance to antibiotics in relation to humans and food-producing animals. The study had been commissioned by the Commission.

It showed that the number of milligrams of antibiotics administered per kilo of biomass was higher in animals than humans (an average of 144 mg per kilo of animal mass, as against 116.4 mg per kilo of human mass). The researchers also confirmed the association between the use of antibiotics and resistance in bacteria. High use of antibiotics in humans and animals will ultimately result in resistance in both cases.

The three organisations point to the need for more detailed and coherent data: they suggest that data on consumption of antibiotics (by humans and animals) and resistance, antibiotic consumption at hospitals, types and impact of bacteria and both their resistance and resistance patterns should be collected in an organised manner in all Member States. In addition, there is a need to promote responsible use of antibiotics on humans and animals(1).

1. How will the Commission follow up this research, and within what time frame does it hope to produce results?

2. What steps will be taken to arrange for organised collection of data?

(1)ECDC, EFSA, EMA. http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsajournal/doc/4006.pdf

Original language of question: NL 
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