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Parliamentary questions
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30 April 2015
Answer given by Mr Moedas on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-003089/2015

The Commission wishes to inform the Honourable Member that EU research funding only reimburses eligible costs. The precise amount to be paid is not set from the start of a project but is calculated on the basis of beneficiaries' cost statements in accordance with the rules for determining eligible costs. FP7(1) funding to Israeli entities will end after the Commission has approved the final reports for all FP7 projects where Israeli entities are participating. All FP7 funds have already been committed. There are still payments to be made to Israeli entities participating in ongoing actions. As projects have different durations and as payments are ongoing, it is very difficult to determine the exact amounts that remain to be paid to Israeli entities.

The participation of Israeli entities in EU-funded projects is checked in line with the Guidelines on the eligibility of Israeli entities and their activities in the territories occupied by Israel since June 1967(2). Projects are selected according to the criterion of excellence. External independent experts evaluate the eligible proposals. If a project raises ethical questions, it undergoes an additional ethical review(3). Proposals involving security issues can be subject to additional review and project participants must comply with the grant agreement(4). The Commission may carry out controls and, as a result, impose sanctions.

Actions under Horizon 2020(5) must comply with Article 19(2) of Regulation (EU) 1291/2013(6), which requires that all activities carried out under Horizon 2020 must have an exclusive focus on civil applications. This does not exclude that the legal entities involved carry out military activities outside the Horizon 2020 action.

(1)The Seventh Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration Activities (FP7, 2007-2013).
(2)OJ C 205, 19.7.2013.
(3)This evaluation includes an assessment of a possible dual-use of the proposed research and compliance with EU, national and international legislation, including the European Charter of Fundamental Rights (OJ C 83, 30.3.2010).
(4)See Articles 7, 34 and 37 of the general Model Grant Agreement http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/mga/gga/h2020-mga-gga-multi_en.pdf
(5)Horizon 2020, the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020).
(6)OJ L 347, 20.12.2013.

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