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Parliamentary questions
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4 August 2015
Answer given by Ms Malmström on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-006717/2015

The lawyers of the Commission and of Canada are currently undertaking the legal review (‘legal scrubbing’) of the CETA text. From experience, this process takes several months and will normally be finalised after summer 15. The text will then be translated into the official languages of the EU — which normally takes around six months — before being formally submitted to the Council for signature. Once the Council has approved the decision on signature, it sends the Agreement to the European Parliament. The consent of the European Parliament is required before CETA can enter into force (expected for the beginning of 2017).

When the Commission submits the CETA text formally to the Council for signature and conclusion, it will make a proposal as to whether, in light of the EU-Treaties, the agreement should be a ‘mixed’ or ‘EU-only’ agreement.

Should the agreement be mixed because it include matters falling within the exclusive competence of the Member States or matters where the competence is shared between the Union and the Member States, in respect of which the Council decides not to exercise the Union's competence, the agreement could not enter into force if a Member State decided not to ratify it.

Legal notice