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Parliamentary questions
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8 September 2015
E-008186/2015(ASW)
Answer given by Mr Moedas on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-008186/2015

Research and innovation activities carried out under Horizon 2020, the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020), have an exclusive focus on civil applications. This is stated in Article 19(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1291/2013(1) of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 establishing Horizon 2020 and repealing Decision No 1982/2006/EC(2). The Horizon 2020 Work Programmes and their Calls for Proposals are written on this basis.

Furthermore, proposals received that raise dual-use issues undergo a scientific and ethics evaluation by independent experts. In the course of this phase, applicants are informed about the responsibilities they will have in accordance with Article 37 of the Horizon 2020 Grant Agreement ‘Security-related obligations’(3).

Finally, the general Horizon 2020 Model Grant Agreement includes an option regarding dual use in the abovementioned Article 37, which states that activities involving dual-use goods or dangerous materials and substances must comply with applicable EU, national and international law.

In cases where the EU Council adopts sanctions targeting potential participants, such participants would be ineligible for funding. However, since no sanctions have been adopted by the EU, there is no legal basis for excluding from participation and funding a particular participant from an associated country.

The Commission provides a statistical update on triannual basis to the Members of Horizon 2020 Programme Committee(4) on their entities` participation in Horizon 2020 and upon request this update could be provided.

(1)https://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/doc/call/h2020/common/1595113-h2020-rules-participation_oj_en.pdf
(2)http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=OJ:L:2006:412:TOC
(3)http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/mga/gga/h2020-mga-gga-mono_en.pdf
(4)EU Member States and countries associated to the Programme.

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