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Parliamentary questions
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3 August 2015
Answer given by Mr Moedas on behalf of the Commission
Question reference: E-008594/2015

Israel has signed an Agreement for Association to the EU's Research and Innovation Programme Horizon 2020 and contributes financially to it. On the basis of this Agreement, any Israeli legal entity may participate in, and receive funding from, Horizon 2020 if it complies with the eligibility criteria set out in the ‘Guidelines on the eligibility of Israeli entities and their activities in the territories occupied by Israel since June 1967 for grants, prizes and financial instruments funded by the EU from 2014 onwards’(1).

In cases where the EU Council adopts sanctions targeting potential participants, such participants would be ineligible for funding. However, since no sanctions have been adopted by the EU, there is no legal basis for excluding from participation and funding a particular participant from an associated country.

Actions under Horizon 2020(2) must comply with Article 19(2) of Regulation (EU) 1291/2013(3), which requires that all activities carried out under Horizon 2020 must have an exclusive focus on civil applications. This does not exclude that those legal entities carry out military activities outside Horizon 2020 actions.

Several mechanisms have been put in place to prevent that EU funds are used for activities that could be contrary to international law, including the ethical evaluation of the project proposals and an assessment of the possible dual-use of the proposed research and compliance with applicable EU, national and international legislation, including the European Charter of Fundamental Rights.

The Commission provides a statistical update on tri-annual basis to the Members of Horizon 2020 Programme Committee(4) on their entities' participation in Horizon 2020 and upon request this update could be provided.

(1)Commission Notice No 2013/C-205/05, OJ C-205, 19.7.2013.
(2)Horizon 2020, the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020).
(3)OJ L 347, 20.12.2013.
(4)EU Member States and countries associated to the Programme.

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