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Parliamentary questions
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31 July 2015
Joint answer given by Mr Andriukaitis on behalf of the Commission
Written questions :E-008745/15 , E-008746/15
Question references: E-008745/2015, E-008746/2015

The Commission cannot set the price of foods offered to coeliacs in the different Member States nor can it influence Member States' reimbursement policies for this kind of foods.

Regulation (EC) No 41/2009(1) allows all foods to be marketed as ‘gluten-free’, provided that the gluten content does not exceed 20 mg/kg in the food as sold to the final consumer. In other words, use of this indication is allowed both for foods specifically formulated for coeliacs and foods that are naturally gluten-free, and therefore suitable for coeliacs. This allows that the widest variety of foods suitable for coeliacs can be marketed as such to them and can have, in the long term, a positive impact on prices.

In addition, from 20 July 2016, with the repeal of Directive 2009/39/EC(2) by Regulation (EU) No 609/2013(3), foods specifically formulated for coeliacs shall not be considered anymore as foods for particular nutritional uses (also called ‘dietetic foods’), but as other foods for normal consumption. This will increase competition between different products offered to coeliacs and may have a positive impact on prices. At the same time, as requested by the European Parliament and the Council in Regulation (EU) No 609/2013, the new rules of Regulation (EU) No 828/2014(4) will maintain the same level of protection ensured by Regulation (EC) No 41/2009 and ensure adequate information of consumers.

(1)Commission Regulation (EC) No 41/2009 of 20.1.2009 concerning the composition and labelling of foodstuffs suitable for people intolerant to gluten, OJ L 16, 21.1.2009, p. 3.
(2)Directive 2009/39/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6.5.2009 on foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (recast), OJ L 124, 20.5.2009, p. 21.
(3)Regulation (EU) No 609/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12.6.2013 on food intended for infants and young children, food for special medical purposes, and total diet replacement for weight control and repealing Council Directive 92/52/EEC, Commission Directives 96/8/EC, 1999/21/EC, 2006/125/EC and 2006/141/EC, Directive 2009/39/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulations (EC) No 41/2009 and (EC) No 953/2009, OJ L 181, 29.6.2013, p. 35.
(4)Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 828/2014 of 30.7.2014 on the requirements for the provision of information to consumers on the absence or reduced presence of gluten in food, OJ L 228, 31.7.2014, p. 5.

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